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Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
JEE | MEDICAL-UG | BOARDS | KVPY | NTSE | OLYMPIADS
XII CBSE - BOARD - MARCH - 2017
CODE (56/ 1) SET - 1
Date: 25.03.2016
CHEMISTRY
- SOLUTIONS
1.
P
 20 HNO
 4H PO  20 NO  4H O
4
3
3
4
2
2
Topic:P-block ;Sub-Topic:Group-15_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
4
3
2
1
2.
H
OH
3
C  C C CH
CH 3 Br
2
2 - Bromo - 3 - methyl but - 2 - en - 1 - ol
Topic:Alcohol ; Sub-Topic:Nomenclature_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
3.
(a)
Catalyst lowers the activation energy barrier.
(b)
No. effect of catalyst on Gibbs energy.
Topic:Chemical Kinetics;Sub-Topic:Collisions Theory_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
X
4.
Topic:H.D.A ; Sub-Topic:Classification_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
5.
The colloid is called Gel.
Example: cheese, butter, jellies.
Topic:Surface chemistry;Sub-Topic:Colloides classification_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
1
1
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
OH
OH
OH
6.
(a)
>
>
NO 2
CH 3
Phenol
P-nitrophenol
P-Cresol
H
(b)
CH
CH
H
O 
CH
 CH  H O
2
3
2
2
2
H
6.
(OR)
OH
O
(a)
CrO
CH
 CH  CH
 CH  CH CCH CH
3
3
2
3
3
2
3
OH
Cl
(b)
SOCl
CH
 CH  CH
 CH
 CH  CH  CH  CH
2
3
2
3
3
2
3
Topic:Alcohol,Phenols;Sub-Topic:Reactions_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
7.
In f.c.c. effective number of atom is 4.
1
Atomic mass of
Al
27 g mol 
 N A number of Al atom weighs
 27 gm
27
 4 number of Al atom weighs
 4 gm
N
A
Now :
27
4
gm
is contained in  1 unit cell
N
A
N
A
 1 gm is contained in
27
4
N
8.1
A
 8.1 gm is contained in
27
4
23
6.023
10
8.1
27
4
23
 0.4.51  10
Topic:Solid State; Sub-Topic:Unit cell_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
2
2
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
S
8.
O
H SO
HO
2
3
HO
H
O
HClO 3
Cl
O
O
Topic:P-block ; Sub-Topic:Group-16,17_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
9.
Mercury cell is suitable for hearing aid devices.
Anode :
Zn
Hg
2
OH

ZnO
H O
2
e
s
2
Cathod:
HgO
H O
2
e

Hg
2
OH
2
 
l
Topic:Electrochemistry;Sub-Topic:Cells_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
10.
(a)
Na Au 
CN
Pt  NH
Cl NO
SO 
 2
(b)
 
3
2
4
4
Topic:Co-ordination; Sub-Topic:IUPAC_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
11.
a)
SiC : Covalent network solid
Ar : Non polar molecular solid.
b)
ZnO turns yellow on heating because of metal excess defect.
1
heating
2
ZnO

Zn
O
 2
e
2
2
Now there is excess of zinc in the crystal and its formula becomes Zn
O . The excess
2
ions
Zn 
1  x
more to interstitial site and electrons to neighbouring interstitial site.
c)
Group 12 – 16 compound are those where the bonds are not perfectly covalent and the ionic charac
ter depends on the electronegativities of the two elements.
Eg: ZnS
Topic:Solid state ; Sub-Topic:Defects_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
12.
(a)
0
0
G  nFE
here in this reaction n  2
0
G  2965000.236
 45548 J
(b)
we know Q  I t
 Q  0.523600C
3
3
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
 3600C
96500C charge is contained by
23
 6.02310
no.of electrons.
23
6.023
10
 3600C ....................
 3600
no.of electrons.
96500
23
 0.2210
Topic:Electrochemistry; Sub-Topic:Faraday’s law_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
13.
(a)
Linkage isomerism.
(b)
In 
NiCl
 2  , Ni is sp 3 hybridized due to weak ligand field of Cl –– hence
2
has unpaired electrons
Ni 
4
therefore it is paramagnetic.
 2
Where as  
Ni CN
, Ni is dsp 2 hybridized due to strong ligand field of CN –– .Hence in
2
ions
 
Ni 
4
all electrons are paired. Therefore it is diamagnetic
(c)
Because in tetrahedral geometry crystal field splitting energy is very low.
Topic:Co-ordination ; Sub-Topic:C.F.T_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
14.
(a)
Multimolecular colloid molecular masses are not very high.
Associated colloid molecular masses are very high.
(b)
Peptization is a process of converting a fresh precipitate into colloidal particles by shaking it with disper
sion medium in presence of small amount of suitable electrolyte.
Coagulation is process of aggregating together the colloidal particles so as to change them into large
sized particles which ultimately settle as a precipitate.
(c)
In homogenous catalyst the catalyst and the reactants are present in the same phase in heterogenous
catalysis and the reactant are not in the same phase.
14.
(OR)
a)
Disperse phase – oil
Dispersion medium – water
b)
chemisorption of physisorption both increases with increase in surface area of the adsorbent.
FeCl  3H O Fe OH
 3HCl
c)
3
2
3
colloidalsol
Topic:Surface chemistry;Sub-Topic:Physical properites_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
2.303
100
15.
K 
log
20
75
2.303
log 4
log3
20
2.303
0.6021
0.4771
20
4
4
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
2.303
 0.125
20
1
K
0.014min 
2.303
100
K 
 log
t
25
2.303
0.014
log 4
t
2.303
t 
 0.6021
0.014
t  99.05min
Topic:Chemical kinetics ; Sub-Topic:First order reaction_L2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
16.
(a)
1 – Bromopentane
(b)
2 – Bromopentane
(c)
2 – Bromo – 2 – methyl butane
Topic:H.D.A; Sub-Topic:General properties_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
17.
(a)
Zone refining: The method is based upon the principle that the impurities are more soluble in the
molten state than in the solid state of the metal.
(b)
Froth floatation process: This method is based upon the fact that the surface of sulfide ores is
preferntially wetted by oils while that of gangue is preferntially wetted by water.
(c)
Chromatography: This method is based upon the principle that the different components of the mixture
are adsorbed to different extents on an adsorbent.
Topic:Metallurgy ; Sub-Topic:Concentration & refining_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
O
||
18.
a)
NH
/
Br
/
KOH
CHCl
/
KOH
CH COOH

3
CH
 
C
NH

2
CH
NH

3
CH
N
C
3
3
2
3
2
3
Ethanamide
Methyl isocyanids
NaNO
/
Cu
Fe HCl
/
2
C H
N
BF
 
C H
NO

C H
NH
b)
6
5
2
4
6
5
2
6
5
2
Nitrobenzene
Aniline
O
Pyridine
CH –C–Cl
3
O
||
C H
NH
 
C
CH
6
5
3
N
Phenylethanamide
Topic:Carboxylic acid & amines; Sub-Topic:Chemical reaction_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-
2017_Chemistry.
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Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
19.
(a)
HOOC  CH
COOH
H N(CH ) NH
2
2
2
6
2
4
Adipic acid
Hexamethylene diamine
(b)
Melamine - formaldehyde polymer.
monomer :
H N
N
NH 2
O
2
+
N
N
C
H
H
NH 2
Melamine
formaldehyde
(c)
Buna - s
CH  CH
2
CH
 CH CH  CH 
2
2
1,3 - Butadiene
Styrene
Topic:Polymer; Sub-Topic:Preparation_ L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
20.
a)
These are so called because a large part of their molecules are anion and itis the anionic part of the
molecule which is involved in their cleansing action.
Eg: sodium lauryl sulphate
C
H
CH OSO Na
11
23
2
3
b)
The anitibiotics which effect either gram positive or gram negative bacteria is called limited spectrum
antibiotics.
Eg: Pencillin.
c)
The chemical substances which prevent the growth of micro organism and may even kill them is
called aniseptic
Eg: Soframycin
Topic:Chemistry in every day life; Sub-Topic:Detergent_L-1_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
21.
(a)
Both red phosphorus and white phosphorus consist of
P
tetrahedral. In white phosphorus, the various
4
P
molecules are held together by weak Vander Waal’s forces of attraction. In red phosphorus, there
4
P
tetrahedral are joined together through covalent bonds, to give polymeric structure. Since it is diffi
4
cult to break strong covalent bonds as compared to weak Vander Waal’s forces of attraction therefore,
white phophorus is more reactive then red phophorus.
(b)
Halogen have one electron less than the nearest noble gas configuration. Therefore they have strong
tendency to accept an additional electron and hence halogen have large negative electron gain
enthalpies.
6
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Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
(c)
N O
 H O  2HNO
2
5
2
3
N O
 H O  2HNO
2
3
2
2
aqueous solution of N O gives nitric acid and
2
5
aqueous solution of N O gives nitrous acid and
2
3
Nitric acid is more acidic than nitrous acid
Hence N O is more acidic than N O
2
5
2
3
Topic:P-block; Sub-Topic:Group-15-17_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
22.
(a)
The acetyl group being electron with drawing attract the lone pair of electrons on the N-atom
towards itself. As a result, lone pair of electrons is not exclusively available for donation to the
benzene hence activating effect of the amino group is reduced.
O
NH — C — CH 3
O
NH = C — CH 3
+
(b)
CH 3 NH 2 is more basic than C 6 H 5 NH 2 because CH 3 –group in CH 3 NH 2 has +I effect
hence it increases electron density on N-atom. But in C 6 H 5 NH 2 the lone pair of electron involved
in resonance with benzene hence not available for donation.
+
NH 2
NH 2
(c)
Due to formation of anilinium ion which is electron with drawing group hence gives m-nitroaniline.
+
NH 2
NH 3
NH
2
HNO 3
HNO 3
H SO
H SO
2
4
2
4
NO 2
Topic:Amines; Sub-Topic:Basicity_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
23.
(a)
(i)
Rupali is aware of current scientific invensions.
(ii) Rupali is a well-wisher of her friends.
(b)
Starch is commonly present in bread.
(c)
The two types of secondary structure of protein is   helix and   pleated sheet
(d)
Vitamic C and vitamin B 1 are water soluble
Topic:Biomolecules ; Sub-Topic:Value based_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
7
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Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
24.
(a)
(i)
The transition elements have their valence electrons in two different sets of orbitals i.e. (n – 1) d
and ns. Since there is very little difference in energies of these orbitals both energy levels can be
used in bond formation. Higher oxidation states like +3, +4, +5, +6 corresponds to the use of all
4s and 3d electrons in the transition series of elements.
(ii) Transition elements have low ionization enegies. Hence the electrons present in penultimate d and
outermost s orbitals are available for metallic bonding. Thus metallic bonds are strong and they
are hard metals. In Zn, Cd and Hg all the (n – 1) d and ns orbital is completely occupied, hence
due to absence of unpaired electrons they are soft metals.
(iii) The comparatively high value of E°(Mn 3+ ,Mn 2+ ) is an account high stability of Mn 2+ ion due to
stable d 5 configuration of Mn 2+ ion.
(b)
Difference :
Lanthanoids, do not form oxocations.
2+
2+
Actinoids form oxocations 
CO
, PuO
2
2
Similarity :
Both lanthanoids and actinoids mainly show oxidation state of +3.
24.
(OR)
(a)
 3
(i)
3
is more stable in aqueous solutions because it form octahedral complex
Cr 
Cr
H O
 
2
 
6
3
should be more stable as the 3d electrons will enter the t 2 g orbitals. Due to CFSE of half filled t 2 g
Cr 
orgibals of
3
.
Cr 
(ii)
3
is strong oxidising agent because it will easily accept one electron and convert in to
2
Mn 
Mn 
because
2
has
5
configuration.
Mn 
d
3
4
2
5
Mn
d
1e
Mn
d
more stable
4
(iii)
Ti 
is colour less because no unpair electron present in d – orbital.
4
0
0
Ti
Ar 3d
4s
2
2
(b)
(i)
2MnO
16H
5S

2Mn
8H O
5S
4
2
(ii)
KMnO

K MnO
MnO
O
4
2
4
2
2
Topic: d & f - block ; Sub-Topic:chemical properties_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
0
25.
(a)
T
 273.15 k
f
T  269.15k
f
10 % solution of sucrose
w
 10g
sucrose
w
 90g
H
O
2
8
8
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
1
M.M
342 g mole 
sucrose
T
 273.15  269.15K
f
sucrose
= 4 K
k
w
1000
f
sucrose
T
f
sucrose
w
M.M
H O
sucrose
2
k
10
1000
f
4 
90
342
4
90
342
k
f
10
1000
1
 12.312 k kg mol 
w
10 g
glu cos e
w
 90g
H
O
2
1
M.M
180 gmole 
glu cose
12.312
10
1000
T
f
glucose
90
180
 7.6 K
T  7.6 K
273.15  T
f
 7.6
f
T  273.15 7.6
f
T
 265.55 k
fglu cose
(b)
(i)
Molality : Molality of a solution is defined as the number of moles of solute dissolved in 1 kg of the
solvent.
no.of molesof thesolute
M 
mass of solvent in kg
(ii) Abnormal Molecular Mass: When molecular mass of substance determined by studying any of
colligative properties, comes out to be different thean the theoretically expected value the substance
is said to show abnormal molecular mass.
Topic: Solutions ; Sub-Topic:Depresstion of freezing point_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
25.
(OR)
1
(a)
w
30g
M.M
60gmole 
urea
urea
1
w
846 g
M.M
18g mol 
H O
H O
2
2
9
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Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
o
p
 23.8 mmof Hg
H O
2
30
n
0.5mole
urea
60
846
n
47mole
H O
2
18
p
 
p
n
urea
p
n
n
urea
H O
2
23.8
p
0.5
23.8
47
0.5
23.8
p
0.5
23.8
47.5
23.8 p
 0.011
23.8
23.8  p  0.011  23.8
23.8 p 0.2618
p  23.8  0.2618
p  23.5382
p  23.54 mmof Hg
(b)
Ideal Solution
Non-Ideal Solution
1.
An ideal
solution
is that solution
in
A
solution
which
does
not
which each component obey Raoult’s
obey Raoult’s
Law
is
called
Law.
non ideal solution.
2.
H
 0
H
0
mix
mix
V
 0
V
0
mix
mix
Topic:Solutions ; Sub-Topic:Vapour pressure_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
O
OH
CN
26.
(a)
(i)
+ HCN
COONa
CaO
+ NaOH
(ii)
10 10
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
O
 
a DIBAL
H
(iii)
CH
CH
CH
CN

CH
CH
CH
C
H
3
 
b
H
O
3
2
(b)
(i)
with Tollen’s reagent Butanal gives silver mirror but Butan – 2 – one does not give.
(ii)
Ferric Chloride Test :
Benzoic acid gives Buff coloured ppt with neutral FeCl
3
3CH COOH  FeCl  CH COO
Fe  3HCl
3
3
3
3
Buff colour ppt
Phenol gives a violet colour when treated with FeCl solution.
3
Topic:Aldehyde & Ketones; Sub-Topic:Distinguish Test_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
26.
(OR)
(a)
(i)
Etard Reaction :
OCrCl OH
2
CHO
CH 3
CH
OCrCl OH
+
H O
2
3
2 CrO Cl
2
2
CS 2
Benzaldehyde
Toluene
(ii) Stephen reduction :
SnCl
/HCl
Boiling
2
CH
– C
N + 2(H)

CH CH = NH·HCl

3
3
H
O
Acetonitrile
2
CH
O
– C – H + NH Cl
3
4
Acetaldehyde
(b)
(i)
Benzoic acid to Benzaldehyde
COOH
COCl
CHO
SOCl 2
Pd/BaSO 4
Pyridine
H 2
(ii)
11 11
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 /
Rao IIT Academy/ XII th CBSE Board / 2017 / Chemistry - Code (56/1) Set-1 / Solutions
O
C — CH 3
NaOH / I 2
O
C — O Na
H +
+
O
C — OH
Acetophenone
Benzoic acid
(iii) Ethanoic acid to 2-hydroxy ethanoic acid
O
Red P/Br 2
aq. KOH
H +
CH
– C – OH
CH – COOH
CH – COOK
CH – COOH
3
2
2
–KBr
Br
OH
OH
Topic:Aldehyde & Ketones; Sub-Topic:Chemical reaction_L-2_XII-CBSE Board Exam-2017_Chemistry.
12 12