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TERENGGANU 2008, question 1

Diagram 1.1 shows the set up of apparatus used to investigate the relationship between the pressure and temperature of air at constant volume and mass. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan susunan radas yang digunakan untuk menyiasat hubungan antara tekanan dengan suhu udara di mana isipadu dan jisimnya tetap.

Diagram 1.1 / Rajah 1.1

 (a) Name the measuring instrument labelled X. Namakan alat pengukur berlabel X. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) Name the physical quantity measured by instrument labelled X. Namakan kuantiti fizik yang disukat oleh alat pengukur berlabel X ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) (i) What will happen to the reading of the measuring instrument X when the temperature raised. Apakah yang akan berlaku kepada bacaan alat pengukur X apabila suhu meningkat. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) State the Gas Law involved. Nyatakan Hukum Gas yang terlibat.

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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah]

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KELANTAN 2010, question 1

2

Diagram 1.1 shows a metal sphere with initial temperature of 30°C is immersed in boiling water. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan sebiji sfera logam yang mempunyai suhu awal 30°C direndam dalam air mendidih.

Diagram 1.1 / Rajah 1.1

 (a) (i) What happen to the temperature of the metal sphere? Apakah yang berlaku kepada suhu sfera logam? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Give a reason for the answer in l (a) (i). Beri satu sehab bagi jawapan dalam 1(a) (i).

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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah]

(b) After sometime, the metal sphere and the boiling water have the same temperature. Selepas beberapa ketika sfera logam dan air mendidih itu mempunyai suhu yang sama.

(i)

(ii)

Tick (√) in the box below for the correct statement about heat flows between the metal sphere and the boiling water. Tandakan (√) dalam kotak di bawah bagi pernyataan yang benar tentang pengaliran haba di antara sfera logam dan air mendidih.

 Rate of heat flows from boiling water < the rate of heat flows from metal sphere. Kadar pengaliran haba dan air mendidih, < kadar pengaliran haba dari sfera logam Rate of heat flows from boiling water = the rate of heat flows from metal sphere. Kadar pengaliran haba dan air mendidih = kadar pengaliran haba dan sfera logam. Rate of heat flows from boiling water > the rate of heat flows from metal sphere. Kadar pengaliran haba dan air mendidih > kadar pengaliran haba dan sfera logam

[1 mark / 1 markah]

State the physics concept involve in 1(b) (i). Nyatakan konsep fizik yang terlibat dalam 1(b) (i).

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JOHOR 2011, question 1

3

Diagram 1.1 shows the temperature-time graph for heating of a solid napthalene. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa bagi pemanasan pepejal naftalena.

Diagram 1.1 / Rajah 1.1

(a) Complete the sentence below by ticking (√) the correct box. Lengkapkan ayat di bawah dengan menanda (√) dalam kotak yang betul.

At section BC of the graph, heat is Di bahagian BC pada graf, haba

[1 mark / 1 markah]

(b) Based on Diagram 1.1 state the melting point of the napthalene. Berdasarkan Rajah 1.1, nyatakan takat lebur bagi naftalena.

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 [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) Complete the following sentence by underlining the correct phrase in the bracket. Lengkapkan ayat berikut dengan menggariskan fasa yang betul di dalam kuningan. the specific heat capacity muatan haba tentu At section AS of the graph. the heat involved is Di bahagian AB, haba yang terlibat ialah the specific latent heat haba pendam tentu thermal equilibrium keseimbangen terma [1 mark / 1 markah] (d) Why the temperature remains constant at section BC of the graph? Mengapa suhu kekal sama di bahagian graf BC?

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

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KEDAH 2011, question 1

4

Diagram 1.1 shows a metal sphere being immersed in water. The initial temperatures of the metal sphere and water are 100 °C and 25°C respectively. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan sebiji sfera logam ditenggelamkan ke dalam air. Suhu awal sfera logam dan air masing-masing ialah 100 °C dan 25°C

Diagram 1.1 / Rajah 1.1

 (a) Name the physical quantity that is changing in Diagram 1.1. Namakan kuantiti fizik yang sedang berubah dalam Rajah 1.1. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) Why does the physical quantity in 1(a) change? Mengapakah kuantiti fizik di 1(a) berubah? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) After a few hours, is the physical quantity in 1(a) still changing? Selepas dibiarkan beberapa jam, adakah kuantiti fizik di 1(a) masih sedang berubah? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (d) Name the situation in 1(c). Namakan keadaan di 1(c).

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

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N9 2011, question 1

5

Diagram 1.1 shows a mercury thermometer. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan satu termometer merkuri.

Diagram 1.1 / Rajah 1.1

 (a) Complete the sentence below by ticking (√) the correct box. Lengkapkan ayat di bawah dengan menandakan (√) dalam kotak yang betul. Thermometer is used to measure Termometer digunakan untuk mengukur the change in temperature of an object perubahan suhu sesuatu objek the heat energy of an object Tenaga haba sesuatu objek. [ 1 mark / 1 markah] (b) Complete the following sentence by underlining the correct phrase in the bracket. Lengkapkan ayat berikut dengan menggariskan frasa yang betul di dalam kurungan. Diagram 1.2 / Rajah 1.2 The thermometer with smaller bulb in Diagram 1.2 is (more sensitive | less sensitive) than thermometer with larger bulb. Termometer dengan be bull yang kecil dalam Rajah 1.2 (lebih peka | kurang peka) berbanding termometer dengan bebuli besar. [ 1 mark / 1 markah] (c) State the physical change in the mercury when the temperature increases. Nyatakan perubahan sifat fizikal pada merkuri apabila suhu bertambah. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (d) Give one reason, why mercury is used in the thermometer? Berikan satu sebab mengapa merkuri digunakan dalam termometer itu?

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

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PERAK 2011, question 1

6

Diagram 1.1 shows the scale of a thermometer. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan skala thermometer

Diagram 1.1 / Rajah 1.1

 (a) Name the physical quantity measured by the thermometer. Namakan kuantiti fizik yang diukur oleh termometer ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) What is the value of the smallest division on the scale? Apakah nilai bahagian skala yang paling kecil? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) What is the reading of the instrument in degree Celcius? Berapakah bacaan alat pengukur itu dalam darjah Celcius? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (d) Name a suitable liquid to be used in the thermometer? Namakan cecair yang sesuai digunakan dalam termometer?

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

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TERENGGANU 2011, question 1

7

Diagram 1.1 shows a metal block, X is heated in boiling water. The metal block is then transferred into water in a polystyrene cup until thermal equilibrium achieved. The temperature-time graph of the water is plotted as shown in Diagram 1.2. Rajah 1.1 menunjukkan salu blok logam, X dipanaskan dalam air mendidih. Blok logam itu kemudiannya dipindahkan ke dalam cawan polisrerin yang berisi air sehingga mencapai keseimbangan terma. Graf suhu- masa diplotkan seperti dalam Rajah 1.2.

Diagram 1.1 / Rajah 1.1

(a) What is the meaning of thermal equilibrium? Apakah maksud keseimbangan terma?

Diagram 1.2 / Rajah 1.2

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

 (b) Based on graph in Diagram 1.2, state the temperature when thermal equilibrium occurs. Berdasarkan graf dalam Rajah 1.2, nyatakan suhu bila keseimbangan terma berlaku. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) Complete the sentences below by ticking (√) the correct box. Lengkapkan ayat-ayat di bawah dengan menandakan (√) dalam kotak yang betul.
 (i) During the process to achieve the thermal equilibrium in Diagram 1.1, Sewaktu proses untuk mencapai keseimbangan terma seperti dalam Rajah l.1 Heat transferred from metal block to water. Haba dipindahkan dan blok logam kepada air. Heat transferred from water to metal block. Haba dipindahkan dan air kepada blok logam. (ii) Heat energy involved in the process is used to Tenaga haba yang terlibat dalam proses inil digunakan untuk

overcome forces of attraction between water molecule Mengatasi daya tarikan di antara molekul air. increase kinetic energy of the water molecule Meningkatkan tenaga kinetik molekul air

[2 mark / 2 markah]

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KEDAH 2009, question 2

8

Diagram 2.1 shows ice melting in a glass. The initial mass of the ice is 0.20 kg. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan ais melebur di dalam sebuah gelas. Jisim awal ais itu ialah 0.20 kg.

Diagram 2.1 / Rajah 2.1

 (a) Explain in terms of energy why the reading of the thermometer, Terangkan dalam sebutan tenaga mengapa bacaan termometer itu, (i) remains constant for the first 20 minutes. Kekal malar untuk 20 minit yang pertama. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Increases after 20 minutes. Meningkat sekpas 20 minit. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (b) Calculate the heat absorbed by the ice during the first 20 minutes. Hitungkan haba yang diserap oleh ais itu semasa 20 minit yang pertama. [Specific latent heat of fusion of ice = 3.36 x 10 5 J kg -1 / Haba pendam tentu pelakuran ais = 3.36 x 10 5 J kg -1 ]

[2 mark / 2 markah]

(c) Which statement correctly describes the water in the glass after it is left for a few hours. Mark (√) in the correct box. Pernyataan manakah yang memerihalkan dengan betul tentang air dalam gelas itu sekpas dibiarkan selama beberapa jam. Tanda (√) pada kotak yang betul.

There is no transfer of energy between the water and the surroundings Tiada pemindahan tenaga antara air dan persekitaran There is no net transfer of energy between the water and the surroundings Tiada pemindahan bersih tenaga antara air dan persekitaran

[1 mark / 1 markah]

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PERAK 2008, question 3

9

Diagram 3.1 shows a boy carrying a block of ice of 2.5 kg that he just bought from a shop. He could feel that the ice is at a constant cold temperature. The surface of the ice is wet and water is dripping down from the block of ice. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan seorang budak lelaki membawa 2.5 kg bungkah ais yang dibeli daripada kedai. Dia mendapati suhu ais adalah sejuk yang sekata. Permukaan ais basah dan air menitis daripada bungkah ais.

Diagram 3.1 / Rajah 3.1

(a) Name the heat energy which is absorbcd by the block of ice. Namakan tenaga yang diserap oleh ais

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

 (b) State one reason why the temperature of the block of ice and the water dripping down are the same even though heat is supplied, Nyatakan satu sebab mengapa suhu bungkah ais dan air yang menitis adalah sama walaupun haba dibekalkan. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) Calculate the heat energy, which is absorbed from the block of ice. Hitung tenaga haba, yang diserap dan bungkah ais. [The specific latent heat of fusion of water, 1 = 3.36 x 10 J kg -1 ] [Haba pendam tentu pelakuran air = 3.36 x 10 J kg -1 ] [2 mark / 2 markah] (d) Sketch the graph of temperature against time to show the change of phase. Lakarkan graf suhu melawan masa untuk menunjukkan perubahan fasa. [2 mark / 2 markah]

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MELAKA 2009, question 3

10

A block of copper with mass of 200 g is heated to 100 °C in boiling water. The hot copper is then quickly transferred to a beaker containing 700 g of water at 30 °C as shown in Diagram 3.1. After 2 minutes the thermal equilibrium is achieved and the final temperature is 80 °C. Sebongkah kuprum berjisim 200 g dipanaskan hingga 100 °C di dalam air mendidih. Kuprum yang panas itu kemudian dipindahkan dengan cepat ke dalam bikar yang mengandungi 700 g air bersuhu 30 °C seperti diturjukkan dalam Rajah 3.1. Selepas 2 minit keseimbangan terma tercapai dan suhu akhir adalah 80 °C.

Diagram 3.1 / Rajah 3.1

 (a) (i) Determine the difference in temperature between the boiling water and the water in the beaker as shown in Diagram 3.1 Tentukan perbezaan suhu antara air mendidih dengan air di dalam bikar pada Rajah 3.1 ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) What is the net flow of heat during the thermal equilibrium? Apakah pengaliran haba bersih ketika keseimbangan terma?

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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah]

(b) On Diagram 3.2 below using directed lines, show the direction of heat transfer between the water and the block copper. Pada rajah 3.2 di bawah dengan menggunakan garisan berarah, tunjukkan arah pengaliran haba antara air dan blok kuprum

Diagram 3.2 / Rajah 3.2

[1 mark / 1 markah]

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11

(c) The specific heat capacity of copper is 400 J kg -1 ° C -1 . Calculate heat energy released by the copper Muatan haba tentu kuprum ialah 400 Jkg -1 ° C -1 . Hitung tenaga haba yang dibebaskan oleh kuprum

[2 mark / 2 markah]

(d) The specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J kg -1 °C -1 . What is the raise of temperature of 1 kg of water when supply with12 600 joule of heat energy. Muatan haba tentu air ialah 4200 Jkg -1 ° C -1 Berapakah kenaikan suhu 1 kg air apabila dibekalkan dengan tenaga haba sebahyak 12 600 Joule.

[1 mark / 1 markah]

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SBP 2009, question 3

12

Diagram 3.1 shows a metal P at 100°C being placed in a beaker of water at 28 °C. After a few minutes thermal equilibrium state is achieved. The mass of metal P and the water are 0.4 kg and 0.2 kg respectively. Rajah 3.1 menujukkan logam P pada suhu 100°C di letakkan di dalam bikar mengandungi air pada suhu 28°C. Selepas beberapa minit keadaan keseimbangan terma dicapai. Jisim logam P dan air masing-masing adalah 0.4 kg dan 0.2 kg.

Diagram 3.2 shows a temperature against time graph of the water in the beaker. Rajah 3.2 menujukkan graf suhu berbanding masa bagi air dalam bikar itu.

Diagram 3.1 / Rajah 3.1

 (a) (i) What is the meaning of thermal equilibrium? Apakah yang di maksudkan dengan keseimbangan terma? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Based on the graph in Diagram 3.2, what is the temperature when the thermal equilibrium is achieved? Berdasarkan graf dalam Rajah 3.2 berapakah suhu apabila keadaan keseimbangan terma dicapai? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (iii) What is the purpose of wrapping the beaker with cotton layer? Apakah tujuan membalut bikar dengan lapisan kapas? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (b) (i) Calculate the specific heat capacity of metal P. Hitungkan muatan haba tentu logam P. [Specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J kg -1 °C -1 / Muatan haba tentu air adalah 4200 J kg -1 °C -1 ] [2 mark / 2 markah] (ii) State the assumption you made in (b)(i) Nyatakan anggapan yang dibuat dalam (b) (i).

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TERENGGANU 2011, question 3

13

Diagram 3.1 shows a 600W electric heater being used to heat a beaker of water on a compression balance. Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan suatu pemanas elektrik 600 W digunakan untuk memanaskan satu bikar air di atas neraca mampatan.

Diagram 3.1 / Rajah 3.1

 (a) State the energy change involved when using the heater to heat the water. Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang terlibat ketikapemanas itu digunakan untuk memanaskan air. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) The mass of water is 0.5 kg and srcific heat capacity of water is 4200 J kg -1 ºC -1 . The initial temperature of water is 28 ºC. Calculate the energy absorbed by the water to reach its boiling point. Jisim air ialah 0.5 kg dan muatan haba tentu bagi air ialah 4200 J kg -1 ºC -1 . Suhu awal air ialah 28 °C. Hitung tenaga yang diserap oleh air itu untuk mencapai takar didih. [2 marks / 2 markah] (c) When the water is boiling, the reading of the compression balance decreases by 0.04 kg in 160s. Calculate the specific latent heat of vaporization of the water. Ketika air mendidih, bacaan neraca mampatan berkurang sebanyak 0.04 kg dalam masa 160s. Hitung haba pendam tentu pengewapan bagi air itu. [2 marks / 2 markah] (d) Explain why at the boiling point, the temperature of water remain unchanged. Terangkan mengapa pada takat didih, suhu air tidak berubah.

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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks / 2 markah]

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PERAK 2009, question 4

14

Human body temperature is always maintained at 37 ºC. One will start to sweat after a game of squash. Sweating is a way to cool down our body when swunt evaporates. Suhu badan manusia kekal pada 37 °C. Perpeluhan berlaku selepas permainan skuasy. Perpeluhan adalah kaedah untuk menyejukkan badan apabila peluh tersejat.

Diagram 4.1 / Rajah 4.1

 (a) State the physical change of state during evaporation. Nyatakan perubahan keadaan fizikal semasa pernyejatan ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) Using kinetic theory of matter, explain how evaporation takes away heat from our body through sweat. Berdasarkan teorikinetik jirim, huraikan bagaimana penyejatan menyerap haba dari badan kita semasa perpeluhan ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks / 2 markah] (e) State two environmental fitetors that effect the rate of evaporation of sweat. Nyatakan dua faktor yang mempengaruhi kadar penyejatan peluh ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks / 2 markah] (d) After the game, the player loses 0.08 kg of mass through sweat evaporation. Calculate the quantity of heat loss in his body through evaporation [The latent heat of evaporation is 2.4 x 10 3 J kg -1 ] Selepas satu permainan skuasy, pemain kehilangan jisim sebanyak 0.08 kg melalui perpeluhan. Hitungkan kuantiti haba yang hilang dari badan melalui perpeluhan [Haba pendam pengewapan adalah 2.4 x 10 3 J kg -1 ]

[2 mark / 2 markah]

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PAHANG 2011, question 4

15

A solid substance of mass 0.5 kg is heated using an electric heater of power 100W. Diagram 4.1 shows the heating curve of the substance. Suatu bahan pepejal berjisim 0.5 kg dipanaskan menggunakan pemanas elektrik berkuasa 100 W. Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan keluk pemanasan pepejal itu.

Based on Diagram 4.1; Berdasarkafl Rajah 4.1;

Diagram 4.1 / Rajah 4.1

 (a) State the melting point of the substance. Nyatakan takat lebur bahan itu ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) (i) Calculate the specific latent heat of fusion of the substance. Hitungkan haba pendam tentu pelakuran bahari itu. [3 mark / 3 markah] (ii) State one assumption which you have made in (b)(i) Nyatakan satu anggapan yang perlu anda buat dalam (b) (i). ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (c) By using the molecular kinetic theory, explain why the temperature is constant between Q and R. Dengan menggunakan teori kinetik molekul, terangkan mengapa suhu adalah malar di antara Q dan R.

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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks / 2 markah]

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PERAK 2011, question 4

16

A substance Y of mass 0.5 kg is heated using a heater with a power of 100 W. The temperature-time graph is shown in Diagram 4.1 Suatu bahan Y berjisim 0.5 kg dipanaskan dengan menggunakan pemanas 100 W. Graf suhu-masa adalah seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 4.1

Diagram 4.1 / Rajah 4.1

(a) What is the temperature of substance Y after 300 s? Berapakah suhu bahan Y selepas 300 s?

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……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah]

(b) Based on the graph in Diagram 4.1, calculate Berdasarkan graf pada Rajah 4.1, hitungkan

 (i) The heat energy absorbed by substance Y at region KL Tenaga haba yang diserap oleh bahan Y pada kedudukan KL [2 mark / 2 markah] (ii) The specific heat capacity of substance Y. Muatan haba tentu bahan Y [2 mark / 2 markah] (iii) The specific latent heat of substance Y. Haba pendam tentu bagi bahan Y [2 mark / 2 markah]

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PAHANG 2009, question 5

17

Diagram 5.1(a) is an experimental set-up and diagram 5.1(b) is a control set-up. When the power supply is switch on, water will drips out of the filter funnels. As soon as water is dripping out at a constant rate, beaker A and beaker B are placed under the filter funnels and a stop watch is started simultaneously. Rajah 5.1(a) ialah radas ekperimen dan rajah 5.1(b) ialah radas kawalan. Apabila bekalan kuasa dihidupkan air akan menitis dan corong turas. Sejurus titisan air menitis pada kadar seragam, bikar A dan bikar B diletakkan di bawah corong turas danjam randik dimulakan serentak

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1

 (a) What is the purpose of having a control set-up? Apakah tujuan radas kawalan? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] After 5 minutes, the mass of water collected in beaker A and B are measured. Table 5.1 below shows the data collected from the experiment. Selepas 5 minit, jisim air yang dikunipulkan dalam bikar A dan B disukat. Jadual 5.1 di bawah menurjukkan data yang diperolehi dan eksperimen tersebut. Mass of water collected in beaker A / g Jisim air yang dikumpulkan dalam bikar A / g 180 Mass of water collected in beaker B / g Jisim air yang dikumpulkan dalam bikar B / g 12 Amount of heat supplied Q / kJ Jumlah haba yang dibekalkan Q / kJ 56.8 Table 5.1 / Jadual 5.1 (b) What is the mass of ice melted by the energy supplied by the power supply? Berapakah jisim ais yang dileburkan oleh tenaga dibekal oleh bekalan kuasa? [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) Name the heat energy required to melt the ice in this experiment. Namakan tenaga haba yang diperlukan untuk melebur ais dalam ekperimen mi.

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

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 (d) Calculate the heat energy in (c) that is specific for one kg of ice. Hitung tenaga haba di (c) yang tertentu untuk satu kg ais. [2 marks / 2 markah] (e) Value calculated in (d) is higher than the actual value. Explain why? Nilai yang di hitung di (d) lebih tinggi dan nilai sebenar. Terangkan mengapa? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ 2 marks / 2 markah] (f) Suggest one way to get a more accurate value. Cadangkan satu kaedah untuk mendpat nilai yang lebih jitu.

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SELANGOR 2009, question 5

19

Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 show two types of metal blocts, P and Q being heated by 50 W immersion heater or 5 minutes. Table 5.1 shows information related to metal blocks, P and Q. Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan dua blok P dan Q dipanaskan oleh pemanas rendam 50 W yang serupa selama 5 ininit. Jadual 5.1 menunjukkan maklumat berkaitan blok logam P dan Q.

.
Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1
Diagram 5.2 / Rajah 5.2
Metal block
Mass
Heat energy supplied
Blok logam
Jisim
Tenaga haba dibekalkan
(kg)
Specific heat capacity
Muatan haba tentu
(J kg -1 ºC -1 )
(J)
P
1.0
175
658
Q
1.0
173
1740
(a)
What is meant by specific heat capacity?
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan muatan haba tentu?
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[ l mark / 1 markah]
(b)
Calculate the rise in temperature for
Hitung kenaikan suhu bagi

(i)

(ii)

Metal block P. Blok logam P.

Metal block Q. blok logam Q

[1 mark / 1 markah]

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[2 marks / 2 markah]

 (c) Based on your answers in 5(b), compares the rise in temperature for metal block P and metal block Q. Berdasarkan jawapan anda dalam 5(b), bandingkan kenaikan suhu bagi blok logam P dan blok logam Q. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (d) Based on the information in Table 5.1, Berdasarkan maklumat dalam Jadual 5.1, (i) Compare the specific heat capacity of metal block P and metal block Q. Bandingkan muatan haba tentu blok logam P dan blok logam Q. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Relate the rise in temperature to the specific heat capacity of the metal block. Hubungkaitkan antara kenaikan suhu dan muatan haba tentu blok logam. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (e) In this experiment, the temperature is recorded when the reading on the thermometer has achieved a constant value. State the reason why. Dalam eksperimen ini, bacaan suhu dicatatkan apabila bacaan pada termometer mencapai suatu nilai tetap. Nyatakan sebab.

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

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PERLIS 2011, question 5

21

Diagram 5.1 shows hot tea in a glass while Diagram 5.2 show what happened to the tea after some ice is put in it. Rajah 5.1 menunjukkan ninuman teh panas di dalam satu gelas sementara Rajah 5.2 pula menunjukkan apa yang berlaku apabila ais dimasukkan ke dalam minuman itu.

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1

 (a) What is thermal equilibrium? Apakah maksud keseimbangan terma? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) Based on diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 Berdasarkan Rajah 5. 1 dan Rajah 5.2 (i) Compare the temperature of the glass in Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2. Bandingkan suhu gelas dalam Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Compare the temperature of the glass in Diagram 5.2 with its surrounding Bandingkan suhu gelas dalam Rajah 5.2 dengan suhu persekitarannya ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (c) In Diagram 5.2, water droplets form on the surface of glass. Dalam Rajah 5.2 titisan air terbentuk di atas permukaan gelas.
 (i) Name the process that cause water droplets to be formed. Namakan proses yang menyebabkan titisan air terbentuk. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Give the reason for your answer in (c)(i) Berikan alasan bagi jawapan anda di (c)(i)

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(d) When Ahmad is driving in one morning, he observed that water vapour is formed in his car and water droplets formed on the inside part of his car windscreen. Give one action he should do to get rid of the water vapour. Explain your action. Semasa memandu pada waktu pagi. Ahmad mendapati terdapat pembentukan wap air di dalam kereta dan titisan air pada permukaan cermin di bahagian dalan keretanya. Nyatakan satu langkah yangAhmad boleh lakukan untuk menghilangkan wap air yang terbentuk pada cermin keretanya. Terangkan sebabnya.

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SBP 2011, question 5

23

Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2 shows an experiment to study the relationship between pressure and volume of air trapped in an air-tight container. Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan satu eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara tekanan dan isipadu udara yang terperangkap di dalam satu bekas kedap udara.

Air-tight cantainer Bekas kedap udara

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1

Air-tight cantainer Bekas kedap udara

Diagram 5.1 / Rajah 5.1

 (a) State the function of Bourdon Gauge. Nyatakan fungsi Tolok Bourdon. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (b) Based on Diagram 5.1 and Diagram 5.2, Berdasarkan Rajah 5.1 dan Rajah 5.2, (i) Compare the volume of the gas in the air- tight container Bandingkan isipadu gas dalam bekas kedap udara ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) The reading of Bourdon gauge Bacaan Tolok Bourdon ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (iii) Temperature of the gas in the air – tight container Suhu gas dalam bekas kedap udara itu ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (c) Using your answer in b(i) and b(ii) state a relationship between volume of gas and the reading of Bourdon Gauge. Menggunakan jawapan anda di b(i) dan b(ii) nyatakan satu hubungan antara isipadu gas dengan bacaan Tolok Bourdon.

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[ l mark / 1 markah]

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 (d) Name a physics law involved in the above observation Namakan satu hukum fizik yang terlibat dalam pemerhatian di atas. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (e) Using The Kinetic Molecular Theory explain your answer in (c) above. Menggunakan teori kinetic molekul, terangkan jawapan anda di (c) di atas.

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JOHOR 2008, question 6

25

Diagram 6.1 shows a series of observation and record made by a student on a melting ice cube that is put in a metal plate. Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan satu siri pemerhatian dan catatan yang dibuat oleh seorang pelajar tentang peleburan seketul ais di dalam satu bekas logam.

 The ice start to melt Ais mula melebur All the ice melted Kesemua ais telah melebur Mass of ice = 20 g Jisim ais = 20 g Temperature of ice = 0°C Suhu ais = 0°C Time = 0 s Masa = 0 s Temperature of the metal plate = 20°C Suhu bekas logam = 20°C Mass of ice water = 20 g Jisim cecair ais = 20 g Temperature of ice water = 0°C Suhu cecair ais = 0°C Time=60s Masa=60s Water droplets form on the metal plate Titisan air terbentuk di bekas logam

Figure 6.1 / Rajah 6.1

 (a) Name two sources where the ice cube obtained the heat to change into ice water. Namakan dua punca di mana ketulan ais itu mendapat haba untuk menukar menjadi cecair ais. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [2 marks / 2 markah] (b) State the change in physical state when the ice cube is melted into ice water. Nyatakan perubahan keadaan fizik apabila ketulan ais itu melebur merjadi cecair ais. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [ l mark / 1 markah] (c) (i) Name the physics quantity that is involved when ice cube change to water at constant temperature. Namakan kuantiti fizik yang terlibat apabila ais bertukar menjadi air pada suhu tetap. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark / 1 markah] (ii) Why the temperature is remain constant when ice melts to water? Mengapa suhu kekal tidak berubah apabila ais bertukar menjadi air?

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(d)

If the amount of heat absorbed by the ice cube is 6.72 x10 3 J, calculate the specific latent heat of fusion. Jika jumlah haba yang diserp oleh ketulan ais itu ialah 6.72 x 10 3 J, hitung haba pendam tentu pelakuran.

(e)

[2 mark / 2 markah]

Why water droplets are formed on the outer surface of the metal plate? Mengapa titisan air terbentuk di permukaan luar bekas logam itu? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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