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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS.

MICROORGANISMS

1. Identify the correct scientific names and answer the following questions:

Homo Sapiens Canis lupus


Quercus suber Pantera leo

a) Can you spot the mistakes? How do yo know?

b) Who created this way of naming living things?

c) What do you call the system invented to name living things?

2. If a tiger and lion had offspring that are not fertile, can they be said to be
from the same species?

3. What are the differences and similarities between the living things
belonging to the Plant kingdom and living things belonging to the Protist
kingdom?

DIFFERENCES SIMILARITIES
1. 1.

2.

3.

4.

4. Can humans affect the Earths biodiversity? Justify your answer.

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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS. MICROORGANISMS

5. How can bacteria be classified accordig to their shape

6. Indentify the numbers that relate to the funtions of the microscope listed
below and alson name them.
a) They give us the necesary magnification to observe the samples.

b) This is the place where we place the simple for observation.

c) They allow us to regulate the quantify of light as well as allow us to


focus the light in a particular part of the simple.

d) They allow us to focus in coarse or fine manner respectively

e) This piece rotates allowing us to change the objetives.

1
Power source
Diaphragm

3 Focus knob

2 Fine adjustment focus


4 knob
5
9 Condenser
6 Revolver
8
Lenses
7
Stage
Eyepiece

7. Explain the life cycle of a fungus

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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS. MICROORGANISMS

8. Identify what groups o living things are described below:

Unicellular, heterotrophic,
with eukaryote cells, without
cell wall and with a flagellum
PROTIST, BROWN ALGAE
Unicellular, autotrophic, with
eukaryotic cells and has
BACTERIA
phycobilins
Multicellular autotrophic,with PROTIST, RED ALGAE
eukaryotic cells and has
xianthines MULTICELLULAR FUNGUS,
MUSHROOM
Multicellular, heterotrophic
and has an underground
PROTIST, FLAGELLUM
mycelium
PROTOZOA
Unicellular, heterotrophic
and with prokaryotic cells

9. Define the following concepts:


a) Benthic algae

b) Phytoplankton

c) Thallus

10. Answer the following questions and justify your answer:


a) Are all microorganisms harmful?

b) Are viruses living things?

c) Could we classify living things into microscopic and macroscopic?

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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS. MICROORGANISMS

11. Order the following taxanomical categories and answer the questions:

family species genus domain

class kingdom order phylum

a) Which taxonomical category contains the largest number of


organisms?

b) Which category includes living things that are very similar?

c) What criterion is used to determine if two animals belong to the same


species?

12. Which characteristics do classification criteria need to have? Why?

13. Answer the following questions:

a) Which kingdoms include unicellular organisms?

b) Which kingdoms include living things that have autotrophic nutrition?

c) Which kingdoms include living things with eukaryotic cells?

d) Which kingdoms include multicellular organisms that are


heterotrophic?

14. Why can biodiversity be affected if we eliminate a living thing from the
environment where it lives?

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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS. MICROORGANISMS

15. Both algae and protozoa belong to the same kingdom, although they
have different characteristics.

a) What do protozoa and algae have in common?

b) What are the differences between them?

c) Classify protozoa acording to the way they move. Fin done example
of each.

16. Which benefits can we obtain from microorganisms? Find examplesof


each case.

17. Define the following concepts:

a) Mycelium

b) Chitin

c) Hyphae

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CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS. MICROORGANISMS

18. Observe the following diagram, explain what is hapening to the bacteria
and answer the followig questions.

Do bacteria exhange genetic material? What is this process called?


Explain it.

19. Draw a bacilli.