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Generator protection with 100% redundancy

Relays used
50BF Circuit Breaker Failure I
87G Differential Protection
64R Rotor Earth fault
37 Low Forward Power
59N Stator Earth fault 90%/95%
32R Reverse Power(high/low)
21 Min. Impedance
60FL Fuse Failure

Under Excitation/Loss of
Excitation/def. time protection/
40 +with time integrator

51N Over current


59 Over Voltage
81 Frequency Stage 1
81 Frequency Stage 2
50/27 Inadvertand energization
46 Unbalanced Load/negative Sequence

Out of Step/pole slip(slip in


78 generator/slip in grid(if allowed)
24(59/81) Over Excitation U/F
59N(DC)/64Dc DC -Voltage
74 TC Trip circuit supervision GCB
27 Under Voltage
49 Over Load
80 DC supply Failure
86 G Generature Lock Out
94 Trip Relay
67 Directional phase overcurrent
59N.1/2 Bus earthfault protection(if cb open1,cbclose2)
protection with 100% redundancy

Trip
Trip ok
Alarm/Trip/fault ok
ok
64S1-90%& 64S2 100% Alarm/Trip/fault ok
Trip ok
Trip ok
Unbalance Voltage Alarm

1&2 alarm stat/Trip stat/Trip dyn ok

I>/I>>,over current & short circuit Trip ok ok


Max1 & Max 2 Trip ok
Trip ok
Trip ok
Trip ok
max1 & Max 2(def. time/alam-inverse time)
alarm/trip ok

loss of syncronization stg1 trip/stg2 trip ok


Over Flux/saturation inverse time(V/Hz)Over Excitation U/F
DC Earth Fault ok
Alarm
ok
Trip ok
can be superceed
in the
configration
GEN,GCB & T/f as
taken care by 64
earth fault
protection ok
cb open1,cbclose2)
50BF Circuit Breaker Failure II Trip
87G Differential Protection Trip
64R Rotor Earth fault+Sensitive Rotor E/F Alarm/Trip/fault
Low Forward Power
64G Stator Earth fault 100% Alarm/Trip/fault
32R Reverse Power Trip
21 Impedance Trip
60FL Fuse Failure Alarm

40 Under Excitation alarm stat/Trip stat/Trip dyn


voltage
restrained
overcurrent
51V Over current protection Trip
59 Over Voltage Trip
81 Frequency Stage 1 Trip
81 Frequency Stage 2 Trip
50/27 Inadvertand energization Trip
46 Unbalanced Load alarm/trip

78 Out of Step stg1 trip/stg2 trip


24 Over Excitation U/F Over Excitation U/F
59N(DC) DC -Voltage
74 TC Trip circuit supervision GCB Alarm
27 Under Voltage
Step up Transformer-BAT

Buchholz Relay
Pressure Relief Device
OLTC
22O KV Substation Protection chan 2
Fire Protection
From Generator Protection chan 2
Winding Temp. Trip
Oil Temp. Trip

Unit Aux. Trans-BBT Unit Aux. Trans-BBT


90T
63T Buchholz Relay Trip
Pressure Relief Device Trip
Fire Protection Trip
49T Winding Temp. Overload device Trip
26T Oil Temp. Trip
71T

BAT
870A Differential Trip 870A
50/51 Overcurrent 1 phasebreaker failure 50/51
50/51N Over current 1 Ie>Ie>> Trip 50/51N
50/51 Overcurrent 2 phase 50/51
50/51N Over current 2 Ie>Ie>> Trip 50/51N
50/51 Overcurrent 3 phase 50/51
50/51N Over current 3 Ie>Ie>> Trip 50/51N
27 under voltage 87N
59 Over Voltage
59N Bus Earth Fault-Over Voltage Alarm 59N
24/(59/81) Over Excitation U/F-Over flux Alarm/Trip 24
Buchholz Relay Trip
Pressure Relief Device Trip
OLTC Trip
22O KV Substation Protection chan1 Trip
Fire Protection Trip
From Generator Protection chan 1 Trip
Winding Temp. Trip
Oil Temp. Trip

Unit Aux. Trans-BBT


NLTC Trip
Buchholz Relay Trip
Pressure Relief Device Trip
Fire Protection Trip
Winding Temp. Trip
Oil Temp. Trip
OIL LEVEL

Differential Trip
Overcurrent 1 phase Trip
Over current 1 Ie>Ie>>
Overcurrent 2 phase
Over current 2 Ie>Ie>>
Overcurrent 3 phase
Over current 3 Ie>Ie>>
Restricted E/F 1 Trip

Bus Earth Fault Alarm


Over Excitation U/F