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..

2556

1.1
(Voltage)

(volt) V
(Current) (ampere) A
(Watt)
W
-
(unit) 1 -
kWh

kVA
(Horse power)
hp
(Phase)
1 3


(Load)
(Conductor)

(Resistance)
(ohm)
(Insulation)

1.2
= /

1.3
CB

1.4
(electric shock)


(short circuit)



(phase to phase) (phase to ground)

02

..2556

1.1
1)
.11-2553
.293-2541
IEC 60502
2)
. 64-2517
. 85-2548
. 85-2548

1.2
1) 98
2) (Aluminum Bus Bar) 98
3) (Busway) (Bus Duct)

1.3
1) .506-2527 .507-2527
2) .824-2531 ( 18 ..2551)
3) .706-2530
4) UL, BS, DIN,
JIS IEC
5) (Fuse and Fuse Holder)
(corrosion)

6) .824-2531
7)
(Circuit Breaker (CB)) (trip free)




CB
CB 125 IEC 60898
125 IEC 60947-2
CB IEC 60947-2 IEC 60898

03




1-1


()


()

()

AIR



1-1




1-2

04





() ()

()

1-2

1.1
(Branch Circuit)


()








1) (Lighting Branch Circuit)
2) (Receptacle Branch Circuit)
3) (Lighting and Receptacle Branch Circuit)
4) (Individual Branch Circuit)
(Feeder Circuit)

(Main Circuit) ()
()

05
1.2
1) 2.5 ..
2)
3)
4) (demand factor)
5)

1.3
1) 4 ..
2)
3)
4) (demand factor)
5)

1.4 ()
1)
1.1) 4 ..
1.2) 10 ..
2)
3) 1-1
(.) 1-2 (.)
4) (demand factor)
5)

1-1
()

() () ()

5 (15) 16 10
15 (45) 50 30
30 (100) 100 75
50 (150) 125 100
200 200 150
250 200
400 300 250
400 300
500 400

1.25

06
1-2
()



(..)



(A)
(A)


(A) (A)
(A) (A) (A)

5 (15) 12 10 4 30 15 20 16 15-16

15 (45) 36 25 10 60 40-50 - - 40-50

30 (100) 80 50 35 100 100 - - 100

1
2)
1.25

1.5

1)



230/400 V
- 1
(A) = (VA) / 230 (V) .... 3.1
- 3
(A) = (VA) / (1.732 x 400) (V) .... 3.2
- w, pf, VA
w = VA / pf ... 3.3
2)




1)
180 VA
360 VA

1-3

() (VA) (A)
9 15 0.065
11 20 0.087
15 25 0.109
20 35 0.152

07
1-4

() (VA) (A)
18 58 0.252
32 88 0.383
36 96 0.417
20 35 0.15

1-5

() (VA) (A)
25 25 0.109
40 40 0.174
60 60 0.261
100 100 0.435

1-6

(BTU) (VA) (A)


9,000 25 6
12,000 40 8
18,000 60 12
24,000 100 16
36,000 24
12,000 BTU 1,500 w pf 0.8

1-7

() (VA) (A)
1,800 1,800 8
2,500 2,500 11
3,000 3,000 13
5,000 5,000 22
8,000 8,000 35

1.6
1)



2.5 ..

IL ICB IC 3.4

IL (A)
ICB
(A)
IC (A)

08




IL (ICB / (Ca*Cg)) IC 3.5
IL (A)
ICB (A)
IC (A) ( 6)
Ca
40OC ()
O
30 C () ( 6)
Cg 1
( 6)
2)
3) 1 1

3.1)
3.2)
3.3)
4) 3.8

1.7
1)
4 ..

IL,DF ICB IC 3.6
IL,DF (A)
ICB (A)
IC (A)




IL,DF (ICB / (Ca*Cg)) IC 3.7
IL,DF (A)
ICB (A)
IC (A) ( 6)
Ca
40OC ()
O
30 C () ( 6)
Cg 1
( 6)
2) IL,DF 200 A

09
1.8 ()
1)
4 ..
10 ..

1-1 1-2

2)
4.1)
3) IL,DF 200 A

1.9
1)




In
30
1.1)
1.2) (
1.5 )
1.3)
1.4)
(
1)






1.5)






2.4
1.5
2)




In
30
2.1) (spa) (hot tub)
2.2)
2.3)
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6) ( 1)

10
1.10 (Demand Factor : DF)
1) DF 1-8
2) (, ) DF 1-9
180 VA
3)
IL () = IL (Max) + 0.4 Ir
IL (A)
IL(Max) (A)
Ir (A)
4 DF 1-10

1-8

() ()
2,000 100
2,000 35
* 50,000 40
50,000 20
20,000 50
20,001-100,000 40
* 100,000 30
12,500 100
12,500 50
100

1-9

( 180 VA) ()
10 kVA 100
10 kVA 50

11
1-10


1. 10 + 30 10
+ 25
100
2. + 80
+ 60
100 + 25
100
3. 2
2
75

1.11
1) Fuse Circuit Breaker (CB) ( CB)
2) Fuse, CB
3)




4)
()

()
5)
6)
7)
5 mm
8)



9)
10)







10

1.12
1)
1.1)

1.2)
1.3)

1.4) 90C

12
1.5)
2.5 400 .
1.6)
1)






2) 1
1.0 ..
3)

1.7)
1.8)
1)
2)







1.9)
1)
2)
3)




4)

2) (Receptacle) (Plug)
2.1)

2.2)
IP
IPX4 IPX5
2.3)

2.4)
2.5) 1.5 ..

2.6)
1)
2)
2.7) .166-2549

2.8) .166-2549
-

13













1.1 (Low Voltage Circuit Breakers)


1)







2
1.1)
(Miniature Circuit Breaker)
1 100 A

1.2)
(Molded Case Circuit Breaker)
100 A

14
2)


2
2.1) (Overload Current)




1)


2)



3)
(Thermal Trip)
(Thermal Trip)

(Bimetal)

2

P = I2R

15
2.2) (Short Circuit Current)

(Direct Current
Path From Line to Neutral) (Load)
(Magnetic Trip)

3)
3.1) IEC 60947-2 Low Voltage Swichgear and Controlgear, Part 2 Circuit Breaker
IEC 60947-2
1)
RMS CB





(Ambient Temperature)


CB


Ampere Frame (AF) Ampere Trip (AT)


- Ampere Frame (AF) CB
- Ampere Trip (AT) CB
2) (Intertupting Capacity = IC, Breaking Capacity)
CB CB
IC CB

CB IC
IC CB

CB

16
3) IEC 60947-2
ICU = Rated Ultimate Short-Circuit Breaking Capacity (Switching Sequence O-t-CO)
ICS = Rated Service Short-Circuit Breaking Capacity (Switching Sequence O-t-CO-t-CO)
ICW = Rated Short-Time Current Withstand
4) IEC 60947-2 CB (Utilization Category)
Utilization Category A
- Coordination (Selectivity) ICW
Utilization Category B
- CB Coordination ICW

3.2) IEC 60898 Circuit Breakers for Overcurrent Protection for House-hold and Similar Installations

1.2 (RCD, RCBO, Earth-Leak, Ground-Fault, RCCB, ELCB)

1.3 (Low Voltage Fuses)


1) IEC 3
1.1 D-fuse Link (Diazed)
1.2) Do-fuse Link (Neozed)
1.3) NH (HRC) Fuse
2) Fuse D Do HRC Fuses

3) Fuses DIAZED NEOZED


3.1) Base
3.2) Cover
3.3) Adaptor
3.4) Fuse Link
3.5) Screen Cap
4) HRC
4.1) Base Fuse Link
4.2) Fuse Link Fuse Fuse
4.3) Fuse Puller Fuse Link

17
1.4 (Panel boards)
1)


1.1) (Enclosures)
1.2) (Bus bars)
1.3) (Circuit Breakers)
2) (Consumer Units)
1 2 4, 6, 10, 14, 18 IC Main CB 10 kA
3) (Panel boards)
Load Centers 2

3.1) Main Lugs


-
- 100 250 A
- Main CB
- Main CB
3.2) Main Circuit Breaker
- Main CB
- 100 250 A
- IC Main CB 15 kA, 25 kA, 35 kA, 50 kA 65 kA
- Load Center 12, 18, 24, 30, 36 (42
250 A)

18
1.5
1.


5-1


()

2. 2
5-1


()





()

3.



( )
(N)
3

3

5-2
19

(2)

(
2 )

4. QOvs RCBO




Line N
Lout Nout

20

1) 2)

1.1
1)

2)

1.2 4
1) (Grounding Electrode or Grounding Electrode System)

1.1) (copper-clad steel) (solid copper)
(hot-dip galvanized steel) 5/8 ()
2.40
low carbon steel tensile strength 600
..
99.9% molecularly bonded
250
jacket adherence test
bending test UL-467
85
1.2)
1.3) (Resistance to Ground)
5
25

1
2) (Grounding Electrode Conductor)

2.1)

2.2)


2.3)
10 ..
1-1

21
2.4) ()
(exothermic welding)




1
1
3)
2
3.1)
()
1-1
3.2) ()
1-2
3.3)

1-1

() (..) () (..)
35 10*
35 50 16
50 95 25
95 185 35
185 300 50
300 500 70
500 95

4) (Equipment Grounding Conductor)


4.1)



4.2)



1-2

1-2

()
() (..)
20 2.5*
40 4*
70 6
100 10
200 16
400 25

* 30 earth fault loop impedance

22

1.1
. 11-2553
:
1) VAF VAF-G
1.1) 1-16 .. Uo/U 300/500
1.2)
1.3)
2) 60227 IEC 01 IEC 01 ( THW . 11-2531)

2.1) 1.5-400 .. Uo/U 450/750


2.2) ()
2.3)
3) NYY
3.1) Uo/U 450/750
NYY 1-500 ..
NYY 50-300 ..
NYY-G 25-300 ..
3.2)
4) 60227 IEC 10 IEC 10
4.1) 1.5-35 .. Uo/U 300/500
4.2) ()
4.3)

1.2


()

:
1) (N)
2) (L) 3 1, 2 3
3) (G)
16 ..

1.3

:
1)
60227 IEC 52
Uo/U 300/300 3 400

23
2)

2.1)


2.2) 70 C -

90 C
2.3) 1-1
2.4) 1
2 3 3
2.5)

2.6) 40 C

30 C
Ca
2.7) 1
Cg
2.8)



1-2 1-3
1-1



/ 1

(thermal con-ductance)
10 W/m2K*

/
2
(thermal resistivity)
2 Km/W

-
3

/
D
4
D DDD D

DD

-
5

-
6

24
1-2 /
(U0/U) 0.6/1 70 C 40 C

1 2
2 3 2 3

60227 IEC 01, 60227 IEC 02, 60227 IEC 05, 60227 IEC 06, 60227 IEC 10, NYY, NYY-G, VCT, VCT-G,
IEC 60502-1 , ,

(..) ()

1 10 10 9 9 12 11 10 10

1.5 13 12 12 11 15 14 13 13

2.5 17 16 16 15 21 20 18 17

4 23 22 21 20 28 26 24 23

6 30 28 27 25 36 33 31 30

10 40 37 37 34 50 45 44 40

16 53 50 49 45 66 60 59 54

25 70 65 64 59 88 78 77 70

35 86 80 77 72 109 97 96 86

50 104 96 94 86 131 116 117 103

70 131 121 118 109 167 146 149 130

95 158 145 143 131 202 175 180 156

120 183 167 164 150 234 202 208 179

150 209 191 188 171 261 224 228 196

185 238 216 213 194 297 256 258 222

240 279 253 249 227 348 299 301 258

300 319 291 285 259 398 343 343 295

400 - - - - 475 - 406 -

500 - - - - 545 - 464 -

( 1-2)
1) 40 C 1-6
2) 1 1-8
3) 1-1

25
1-3
(U0/U) 0.6/1 70 C 90 C 40 C

3
2 3 3


70 C 70 C 90 C 70 C 90 C

NYY, IEC NYY, NYY-G


VAF, VAF-G IEC 60502-1 60227 IEC 10, IEC 60502-1
60502-1
IEC 60502-1
(..) ()

1 14 12 16 12 15

1.5 17 16 21 15 20

2.5 23 22 28 21 27

4 32 29 37 28 36

6 41 37 49 36 47

10 56 51 67 50 65

16 74 69 90 66 87

25 - 90 118 84 108

35 - 112 147 104 134

50 - 145 190 125 163

70 - 186 244 160 208

95 - 227 297 194 253

120 - 264 345 225 293

150 - 304 397 260 338

185 - 348 455 297 386

( 1-3)
1) 40 C 1-6
2) 1-1

26
1-4 .11-2553
(U0/U) 450/750 70 C 40 C

D D

D DDD DDD D
DD
DD


60227 IEC 01, 60227 IEC 10, NYY

(..) ()

4 30 37

6 39 48

10 56 67

16 78 92

25 113 127

35 141 157

50 171 191

70 221 244

95 271 297

120 315 345

150 365 397

185 418 453

240 495 535

300 573 617

400 692 741

( 1-4)
1) 1-1

27
1-5
(U0/U) 0.6/1 70 C 30 C

5 6
2 3 3
/ / /


NYY, NYY-G, IEC 60502-1

(..) ()

1 17 15 21

1.5 21 19 26

2.5 28 25 35

4 36 33 45

6 46 41 57

10 62 55 76

16 81 72 99

25 106 94 128

35 129 114 154

50 153 136 181

70 190 168 223

95 232 204 267

120 265 234 304

150 303 266 342

185 344 303 386

240 404 361 448

300 462 404 507

400 529 462 577

500 605 527 654

( 1-5)
1) 30 C 1-7
2) 1 1-8
3) 1-1

28
1-6 40 C

() PVC (Ca)
11-15 1.34
16-20 1.29
21-25 1.22
26-30 1.15
31-35 1.08
36-40 1.00
41-45 0.91
46-50 0.82
51-55 0.70
56-60 0.57
61-65 -
66-70 -
71-75 -
76-80 -
81-85 -
86-90 -
91-95 -

1-7 30 C

() PVC (Ca)
11-15 1.18
16-20 1.12
21-25 1.07
26-30 1.0
31-35 0.94
36-40 0.87
41-45 0.80
46-50 0.71
51-55 0.62
56-60 0.51
61-65 -
66-70 -
71-75 -
76-80 -

29
1-8 1

(Cg)
2 0.80
3 0.70
4 0.65
5 0.60
6 0.57
7 0.54
8 0.52
9 0.50
10-12 0.45
13-16 0.41
17-20 0.38

30


(mm2) (Amp) (Amp)
(Amp)

1 14 12 12
1.5 17 15 15
2.5 23 21 21
4 32 28 28
6 41 36 36
10 56 50 50
16 74 66 66
25 - 88 88
35 - 109 109
50 - 131 131

31
32