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Socialization

- process whereby the cultural heritage is socially transmitted fromone generation to another.-

refers to that lifelong processes of learning and relearning as peoplemove from different stages of growth and development, or from
onesocial group in another (Panopio, 1996)-

is the process by which we acquire those modes of thinking, feelingand acting are necessary to participate effectively in the
largercommunity.-

is the process by which we acquire social identities and internalizedthe values and roles of our social world. (D. Light, 1995)

The Process of Socialization

Socialization is the process by which people interact with others to learn the ways of their culture in order to function within it. It
can be deliberate or conscious and nondeliberate or unplanned

Types of Socialization 3 church Settings


4 mass media
1 Primary socialization 5 school
2 Anticipatory socialization 6 workplace
3 Adult socialization
4 Resocialization Cycle of socialization

Agents of socialization 1 Childhood


2 Adolescence
1 family 3 Adulthood (Early, Middle, Late to Death)
2 peer group
Socialization is a lifelong process where individuals develop a self-concept and prepare for social roles which in turn shape
socialization. The self respond to categories or social statuses with the role expectations. Ststuses can be ascribed or achieved.
Ascribed social status is a status assigned to an individual from birth like sex and age. Achieved social status is acquired by choice or
through merit and individual effort. Social role is the functional unit of social status which involves the execution of duties and rights

.Erving Goofman compared the behavior of people in a society to acting on stage. To him, everyone is consciously playing a role.

Sex roles are defined by culture

Austrian physician Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, believed that basic biological instincts combine with

societal factors to shape personalities. Freud posited that the mind consists of three parts that must interact properly for a

person to function well in society. If any one of the three parts becomes dominant, personal and social problems may

result. The three parts are the id, the superego, and the ego.

1. Id: According to Freud, the id develops first. A newborns mind consists only of the id, which is responsible for the

satisfaction of physical desires. The id represents a human beings most primitive desires, and a person ruled only by the

id would do everything strictly for his or her own pleasure, breaking societal norms in the process and risking punishment.

2. Superego: As children move from infancy into childhood, their minds develop a superego, or conscience, which

encourages conformity to societal norms and values. Someone with a hyperactive superego would be confined within a

too-rigid system of rules, which would inhibit his or her ability to live normally.

3. Ego: A healthy mind also consists of the ego, or the part of the mind that resolves the conflicts between the id and the

superego. Normally, the ego balances the desires of the id and superego, but when it fails, a person may have difficulty

making decisions, which can lead to behavioral problems.