Anda di halaman 1dari 10

Problemas abril 23

con
volumen
constante 2015
y variable

INTEGRANTE:
CUBAS CASTILLO WAGNER SPENSER
1. PROBLEM 9 An Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics & Reactor
Design

By Charles G. Hill

The reaction rate constant for the gas phase decomposition of ethylene oxide is
0.0212 min at 450 C.

At time zero, pure ethylene oxide is admitted to a constant temperature, constant


volume reaction vessel at a pressure of 2.0 atm and a temperature of 450 C.
After 50 min, what is the total pressure in the reaction vessel? Ideal gas behavior
may be assumed.

SOLUCION
2. PROBLEM 28 An Introduction to Chemical Engineering Kinetics &
Reactor Design

By Charles G. Hill

The following addition reaction takes place in the gas phase at 400

1
A +B

The initial composition is as follows (mole percents).

A 0.40

B 0.40

C 0.11

Inerts 0.09

The reaction takes place in an isothermal reactor that is maintained at a constant


pressure of 1 atm. If the reaction is first- order in A and first-order in B, and if
the value of k is 2 liters/mole-min, how long will it be before the mole fraction C
reaches 0.15?
3. PROBLEM 1.5 Fundamentals of chemical reaction engineering.Davis, Mark
E. and Davis, Robert J. (2003) McGraw-Hill Highe

When conducting a reaction to give a desired product, it is common that other


reactions proceed simultaneously. Thus, more than a single reaction must be
considered (i.e., a reaction network), and the issue of selectivity becomes
important.

Consider the reaction network of two irreversible (one-way), first-order reactions


in series:

K1 K2
A B C

This network can represent a wide variety of important classes of reactions. For
example, oxidation reactions occurring in excess oxidant, where B is the desired
product. Calculate the time when production is high.

SOLUCION
4. Problem 6.9: Principles of Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design: New Tools
for Industrial Chemical Reactor Operations
Uzi Mann (Author), Ed. Wiley, 2 edition, Chap. 6, pag. 234 problem 6.9.

Elemental dimerization reaction 2A P gas phase is carried out in an isothermal,


isobaric reactor manner. A pure loaded into the reactor, which operates at 5 atm
and 300 C. Based on the data below, determine:

a. The time required for converting 80% of A.

b. The reactor volume at that time.

Datos: La constante de velocidad de reaccin a 300C,

1
= 1 1 ( )

Volumen inicial del reactor: 500 L.


2AP

-rA=KCA2

Fase gaseosa: sistema de volumen (o densidad) variable.

P=5 atm y T= 300C V0=500L

INCOGNITA

xA=80% t= ?

Velocidad de reaccin con respecto a un componente:

1
= ( ) (1)

Velocidad de reaccin de 2do orden:

= 2 (2)

Igualando (1) con (2):

1
( ) = 2

1 2
( )= 2

2
= (3)
0 (1 + )

Pero sabemos que:

= 0 (1 ) (4)

Tambin sabemos que:

12 1
= = (5)
2 2

Reemplazando (4) y (5) en (3):

(1 ) 20 (1 )2
0 =
0 (1 1/2 )

(1 ) (1 )2
= 0
0 (1 1/2 )

(1 )
(2 ) 2
= 2 0
(1 ) 0
Ahora integrando esto obtenemos

Para: 0 = 500, = 5 y = 300

Entonces tenemos que

0 = 53.193

El volumen cuando = 0.8:

= 0 (1 + )

= 0 (1 1/2 )

= 300

Entonces tenemos:

= 0.8,

0 = 500,

1
= 11 (
)

0 = 53.193

Reemplazando en (6)

=26.364min

5. Problem 6.6. Principles of Chemical Reactor Analysis and Design: New


Tools for Industrial Chemical Reactor Operations
Uzi Mann (Author), Ed. Wiley, 2 edition, Chap. 6, pag. 233.

The dimerization reaction 2A second order B is carried out in an aqueous


solution. When the reactor is charged with a solution of Co concentration = 1
mol / L 50% conversion is reached after one hour. What is the conversion
after one hour if the initial concentration is 10 mol / L?

DATOS

2AB

-rA=KCA2

Solucin acuosa: sistema de volumen (o densidad) constante.


CA=1 M y t= 1h xA=0.5

INCOGNITA

CA=10 M y t= 1h xA=?

Velocidad de reaccin con respecto a un componente:

1
= ( )

Como se trabaja a V=cte:


= ( ) (1)

Velocidad de reaccin de 2do orden:

= 2 (2)

Igualnado (1) con (2):


( ) = 2

Despejando:


( ) =
2

e integrando:



2 =

Obtenemos:

1 1
( ) = (3)

Sabemos que:

= (1 ) (4)

Reemplazando (4) en (3):

1
( ) = (5)
1

1
( ) = (5)
1
Para: CA=1 M y t= 1h xA=0.5

1 0.5
( ) = (1)
1 / 1 0.5

El valor de K es:

= 1 .

CA=10 M y t= 1h xA=???

Utilizando la ecuacin 5:

1
( ) = 1 . (1)
10 / 1

Resolviendo:

= 0.909