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The Stepwise Procedure for Design of Reinforced

Concrete Beam

1. Moment values at the column face (not the value at center line as per analysis)
2. Shear values at distance of d from the column face. (not the value at center line as per analysis)
3. Moment redistribution is allowed for static loads only.
4. For beams spanning between the columns about the weak axis, the moments at the end support
shall be reduced more and distributed and the span moments shall be increased accordingly to
account for the above reduction.
5. Moment distribution shall be done in such a way that 15% of the support moments shall be added
to the span moment without the support moments getting reduced.
6. The section within the span shall be designed for the increased span moment which will account for
the concentrated and isolated loading that may act within one span.
7. Moment redistribution is not allowed if:
a. Moment coefficient taken from code table;
b. Designed for earthquake forces and for lateral loads.
8. At least 1/3 of the +ve moment reinforcement in Simple Supports and the +ve moment
reinforcement in Continuous Members shall extend along the same face of the member into the
support, to a length equal to Ld/3. (Ld-development length)
9. 3. Use higher grade of concrete if most of the beams are doubly reinforced. In addition, when
Mu/bd2 goes above 6.0.
10. Try to design a minimum width for beams so that the all beam reinforcement passes through the
columns. This is for the reason that any reinforcement outside the column will be ineffective in
resisting compression.
11. Restrict the spacing of stirrups to 8(200 mm) or of effective depth whichever is less.(for static
loads)
12. Whenever possible try to use T-beam or L-beam concept to avoid compression reinforcement.
13. Use a min. of 0.2% for compression reinforcement to aid in controlling the deflection, creep and
other long term deflections.
14. Bars of Secondary beam shall rest on the bars of the Primary beam if the beams are of the same
depth. The kinking of bars shall be shown clearly on the drawing.
15. Length of curtailment shall be checked with the required development length.
16. Keep the higher diameter bars away from the N. A. (i.e. layer nearest to the tension face) so that
max. Lever arm will be available.
17. Hanger bars shall be provided on the main beam whenever heavy secondary beam rests on the main
beam. (Try to avoid the hanger bar if secondary beam has less depth than the main beam, as there
are enough cushions available).
18. The detailing for the secondary beam shall be done so that it does not induce any TORSION on the
main beam.
19. For cantilever beams reinforcement at the support shall be given a little more and the development
length shall be given 25% more.
20. As a shortcut, bending moment for a beam (partially continuous or fully continuous) can be assumed
as wl2/10 and the same reinforcement can be detailed at span and support. This thumb rule should
not be applied for simply supported beams.

Sl. No. Member Span/Overall Depth Ratio

1. Plinth Beam 15 to 18

2. Tie Beam 18 to 20

3. Floor Beams 12 to 15

4. Grid Beams 20 to 30