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Introduction” to ve Machine Design je | VB Blandari Information contained in this work has been obtained by Tata McGraw-Hill, from sources believed to be reliable. However, neither Tata McGraw-Hill nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein, and neither Tata McGraw-Hill nor its authors shall be responsible for any exrors, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This work is published with the understanding that Tata McGraw-Hill and its authors are supplying information but are not attempting to render engincering or other Professional services. If such services are required, the assistance of an appropriate professional should be sought. Tata McGraw-Hill + ©2001, by Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited. Tenth reprint 2008 RXDYYRYXRAZLQ No part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publishers. The program listings (if any) may be entered, stored and executed in a computer system, but they may not be reproduced for publication. This edition can be exported from India only by the publishers, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited. ISBN-13: 978-0-07-043449-3 ISBN-10: 0-07-043449-2 Published by Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, ‘7 West Patel Nagar, New Delhi 110 008, typeset at Anvi Composers, A1/33 Pashchim Vihar, New Delhi 110 063 and printed at Adarsh Printers, Delhi 110 032 Contents Preface y Acknowledgements vit L._Introduction, 1.1___Machine_I 1.2__ Machine Design 2 1.3 Basic Procedure of Machine Design 3 14 DesignEngineer_6 1.5 Basic Requirements of Machine Elements _7 1.6 Design of Machine Elements 9 1,7 Sources of DesignData_13 1.8 Use of Standards in Design 75 0 Selection of Preferred Si 2 1.10 Economic Considerations in Design 19 1.11 Manufacturing Considerations in Design 2] 1.12 Aesthetic Considerations inDesign 24 1.13 Ergonomic Considerations in Design 25 Review Questions 27 2. Properties of Engineering Materials 31 2.1 Stress-Strain Diagrams 3 2.2 Mechanical Properties of Engineering Materials 36 2.3 Creep 40 2.4 Stress Concentration 41 2.5 Staticand Dynamic Loads 48 2.6 Cyclic Loads and Stresses _5/ 2.7 Fatigue Failure 5] 2.8 Endurance Limit 55 2.9 Selection of Material 58 2.10_Cast Iron _S59 2.11 Design Considerations of Castings 6/ 2.12 B.S. System of Designation of Steels 65 2.13 Plain Carbon Steels 68