Anda di halaman 1dari 46

# No.

1 E

4 8

C F
7

5 9 12
1
3 11

A 2 6 10 13 H
a

B D G

L = 12 m

## Jarak Rangka Kap = 5.5 m 4

Kemiringan = tan a = = 0.666666667
Panjang Bentangan = 12 m 6
Kemiringan atap = 30 o

## Tinggi Rangka Kap = 4 m

Jenis atap = emen asbes gelombang
( G = 50 kg/m2 )
Diminta :

## - Besarnya gaya-gaya batang

- Dimensi batang atas, bawah dan tegak/diagonal
- Sambungan baut pada 2 (dua) titik kumpul
- Sketsa dari rangka kap, termasuk detail 2 (dua) titik kumpul

Digunakan :

Baja ST 37
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2
H
1. MENGHITUNG PANJANG BATANG

D F
C G
4 m
B H
A I
30
3 K
J L
3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

12.00 m

## * Kerena bangunan simetris, ditinjau hanya 1/2 batang

EK = 4 m
EA = 6 = 6.928 m
cos 30
AK = 6 = 6.018 m
cos 3
AB = BC = CD = DE = x EA
= x 6.93 = 1.732 m
AJ = JK = x AK = x 6.018 = 3.009 m
BJ = 1.732 + 3.009 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 3.009 ) cos 27 = 2.767
BJ = 2.767 = 1.663 m
CJ = 1.732 + 1.663 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 1.663 ) cos 55.3 = 2.488
CJ = 2.488 = 1.577 m
DJ = 1.732 + 1.577 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 1.577 ) cos 120 = 2.756
DJ = 2.756 = 1.660 m
DK = 1.732 + 4.000 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 4.000 ) cos 55.3 = 11.116
DK = 11.116 = 3.334 m

## REKAPITULASI PANJANG BATANG

BATANG PANJANG ( m )
AB, BC, CD, DE, EF, FG, GH, HI 1.732
AJ, JK, KL, LI 3.009
EK 4.000
DK, FK 3.334
DJ, FL 1.660
CJ, GL 1.577
BJ, HL 1.663

PERHITUNGAN SUDUT

## < AJB , 1.663 + 3.009 - 1.732

Cos = = 0.881
2 ( 1.663 ) ( 3.009 )
= 28.2
= 180 - 28.2 - 27 = 124.8
< CBJ , = 180 - 124.8 = 55.2

## < BJC , 1.663 + 1.577 - 1.732

Cos = = 0.430
2 ( 1.663 ) ( 1.577 )
= 64.7
= 180 - 64.7 - 55.2 = 60

## < CJD , 1.577 + 1.660 - 1.732

Cos = = 0.428
2 ( 1.577 ) ( 1.660 )
= 64.7
= 180 - 64.7 - 120 = -4.6

## < JKD , 3.009 + 3.334 - 1.660

Cos = = 0.868
2 ( 3.009 ) ( 3.334 )
= 33.5
= 180 - 33.5 - 55.2 = 91.3

## < DKE , 3.334 + 4.000 - 1.732

Cos = = 0.904
2 ( 3.334 ) ( 4.000 )
= 35.2
= 180 - 35.2 - 55.2 = 89.6

Sin a = 0.500
1

Cos a = 0.866
A
a Tan a = 0.577
2

## Untuk Perhitungan Gording Beban Yang Perlu Diperhitungkan Adalah :

a. Beban Atap
b. Beban Angin
c. Beban Tak Terduga
d. Beban Gording

Uraian :
a. Beban Atap

L' m
L' m
Jarak Antar Gording (a) = AC/3 = 3.464 m
Q Jarak Kap (b) = 5.5 m
Qx Berat Genteng dengan reng dan usuk (G) = 50 Kg/m2
Qy Jadi : (sesuai PMI 1970)
Q = axG
Q = 3.464 x 50 = 173.210 Kg/m
~ Qx = Q.Sin ao = 86.605 Kg/m
a Qy = Q.Cos ao = 150.004 Kg/m
~ Mx = 1/8 Qy b2 = 567.204 Kg.m
My = 1/8 Qx b2 = 327.475 Kg.m

b. Beban Angin
= 100 Kg/m
2
P Tekanan Angin (P) (sesuai PMI 1970)
P Koefisien Angin (c1) = 0,02a - 0,4
P = 0.200
P
P c2 = -0.4 (belakang angin untuk semua a)
W = c1 x a x P
= 0.200 x 3.464 x 100
= 69.284 Kg/m
a
~ Mx = 1/8 W b2 = 261.980 Kg.m
My = 0
c. Beban Tak Terduga

P P = 125 Kg
Px ~ Px = P.Sin a = 62.500 Kg
Py Py = P.Cos a = 108.253 Kg
~ Mx = 1/4 Py b = 148.848 Kg.m
My = 1/4 Px b = 85.938 Kg.m

d. Beban Gording

## Diketahui berat gording dalam perbandingan normal (q) = 10 Kg/m - 50 Kg/m

Direncanakan berat gording (q) = 12 kg/m

q ~ = Kg/m
qx qx = q.Sin a 6.000
qy qy = q.Cos a = 10.392 Kg/m
~ Mx = 1/8 qy b2 = 39.296 Kg.m
My = 1/8 qx b2 = 22.688 Kg.m

a
Kombinasi Pembebanan :

## Keadaan 1 : Beban Atap + Beban Gording + Tekanan Angin

Mx = 567.204 + 39.296 + 261.980 = 868.480 Kg.m
My = 327.475 + 22.688 + 0.000 = 350.163 Kg.m
Keadaan 2 : Beban Atap + Beban Gording + Beban Tak Terduga
Mx = 567.204 + 39.296 + 148.848 = 755.348 Kg.m
My = 327.475 + 22.688 + 85.938 = 436.1 Kg.m
Ambil Maksimalnya :
Mx = 755.348 Kg.m
My = 436.100 Kg.m

## 3. MENGONTROL PROFIL GORDING

Mengontrol Tegangan :

Mx My
Kontrol : Wx + Wy < s Dimana s
leleh
s = 1.5
2400
s = = 1600 Kg/cm2 ( Untuk Bj A37)
1.5
Wy diambil = 1/8 Wx

Mx My Mx + 8 My
+ < s < s
Wx (1/8)WX Wx

Misalkan : Mx + 8 My
= s
Wx

## maka : Mx + 8 My 755.348 + ( 8 ) . 436.100

Wx perlu = = x 100 = 265 Cm3
s 1600
Wx perlu = 265.259 Cm3
Diambil Profil kanal12 dengan data sbb:
Wx = 449 cm3 tw = 0.9 cm
Wy = 103 cm3
Ix = 4490 cm4
Iy = 771 cm4
q = 13.4 Kg/m

Mx My
Kontrol : + < s
Wx Wy
755.35 436.100
( + ) . 100 < s
449 103

## 591.63 < 1600 Ok !!

Sketsa profil :
y

x
h
x

y
y
b

Mengontrol Lendutan :

## fmax = 1/200 x b E = 2,1.106 ( Baja ) b = 5.5 m

= 2.75 cm = 550 cm

## 5 Qx.b4 1 Px.b3 5 qx.b4

fx = + +
384 EIy 48 EIy 384 EIy
= 0.637 + 0.001 + 0.044
= 0.683 cm

## 5 Qy.b4 1 Py.b3 5 qy.b4

fy = + +
384 EIx 8 EIx 384 EIx
= 0.190 + 0.002 + 0.013
= 0.205 cm

fytd = ( fx ) + ( fy )
= ( 0.683 ) + ( 0.205 ) = 0.713

## fytd < fmax

= 0.713 cm < 2.750 cm Jadi Profil Dapat Digunakan!
4. PERHITUNGAN KUDA - KUDA

a. Beban Mati
1. Berat Kuda - kuda
Rumus Penaksiran :
P = ( L + 2 ) L.b s/d

Karena L = 12 m
P= ( L + 3 ) L.b
= ( 12 + 3 ) 12 x 4
= 720.000 Kg

## Sehingga untuk beban di titik buhul diambil Pr = P / n+1

dimana n = Jumlah titik buhul = 5
P 720.000
Pr = = 180.000 Kg
n-1 4

## Sedang pada titik ujung menerima beban :

P = 1/2Pr = 90.000 P
P
2. Berat Atap 1/2P+OVER STEK
P = G x AC x b
= 50 x 3.464 x 4 3.464 m
= 692.841 Kg

## Diambil jarak OverStek d = 0.8 m

P=Gxdxb
= 50 x 0.8 x 4
= 160.000 Kg

Sehingga beban total di titik A = I = 1/2 berat atap AC + berat atap overStek
P = 346.420 + 160.000
= 506.420 Kg

3. Berat Gording
P=qxb = 107.200 Kg
= 13.4 x 4 = 160.800 Kg
= 53.600 Kg = 214.400 Kg

D F
C G

B H
A I
J K L
REKAPITULASI BEBAN KONSTRUKSI :
Titik Buhul A,I B,C,D,E,F,G,H E
Beban Kuda2x 90.000 180.000 180.000
Beban Atap 506.420 692.841 692.841
Beban Gording 107.200 160.800 214.400
TOTAL 703.620 1033.641 1087.241
b. Beban Angin
1/2 P 1/2 P

P P
E
D F
C G
1/2 P + OVER
B H 1/2 P + OVER

K
A J L I

## Tekanan Angin(P)= ### Kg/m2

1. Koefisien tekanan angin (c1) = 0,02a - 0,4 a= 30
= 0.200
Sehingga beban angin tekan= P x c1 x b x AC
= ### x 0.200 x 4 x 3.464
= 277.136 Kg
Pada titik E = 1/2 x 277.136
= 138.568

## Pada OverStek beban angin tekan = P x c1 x b x d

= 100 x 0.200 x 4 x 0.8
= 64.000 Kg

Sehingga beban angin di titik A = 1/2 beban angin tekan bentang AC + beban OverStek
= 138.568 + 64.000
= 202.568 Kg

## 2. Koefisien angin hisap ( c2 ) = -0.4

Sehingga beban angin hisap= P x c2 x b x AC
= ### x -0.4 x 4 x 3.464
= -554.273 Kg

= -277.14

## Pada OverLapping beban angin hisap = P x c2 x b x d

= 100 x -0.4 x 4 x 0.8
= -128.000 Kg

Sehingga beban angin pada titik I = 1/2 beban angin hisap bentang GI + beban Stek
= -277.136 + ( -128.000 )
= -405.14 Kg

## c. Beban Tak Terduga

P = 125 Kg (sesuai soal)
5. MENGHITUNG GAYA - GAYA BATANG

## a. Akibat Beban - Beban Mati

P3

P2 P2
P2 E P2
S10 S12
D F
P2 S6 P2
S16
C S9 S11 G
P1 S4 S5 S15 S18 P1

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

MA = 0
- VI x ### + 703.620 x ### + 1033.64 x ### + 1033.64 x 9+ 1033.64 x 8
+ 1087.241 x 6+ 1033.64 x 5 + 1033.64 x 3 + 1033.64 x 1.5 = 0
- ### VI = - 52177.951
VI = 4348.163 kg

MI = 0
VA x ### - 703.620 x ### - 1033.64 x ### - 1033.64 x 9- 1033.64 x 8
- 1087.241 x 6- 1033.64 x 5 - 1033.64 x 3 - 1033.64 x 1.5 = 0
+ ### VA = + 52177.951
VA = 4348.163 kg

Kontrol :
4348.163 + 4348.163 = 703.620 ( 2 ) + 1033.64 ( 6 ) + 1087.24
8696.325 = 8696.325 ok!
b. Akibat Beban Angin

1. Angin Kiri

D F
C G

###
B H

A K I
J L

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

a = 30 o
Cos a = 0.866 P1 = 202.568 Kg P3 = 138.568 Kg
Sin a = 0.500 P2 = 277.136 Kg P4 = 277.136 Kg

P5 = 554.273 Kg
P6 = 405.136 Kg

S MI = 0
12 VA = { P1 x 12 + P2 x 9 + (P3 - P4) x 6 - P5 x 3 }x
Cos a - { ( P 2
+ P 5
) x 1.577 + ( P 3
+ P 4
) x 4.000 } x Sin a
= { 2430.82 + 2494.23 + ( -138.568 ) x 6 - 1662.818 } x 0.866
- { 831.409 x 1.577 + 415.70 x 4.000 } x 0.500
12 VA = 618.004
VA = 51.500 Kg

S MA = 0
12 VH = { P2 x 3 ( P 3 - P4 ) x 6 - P5 x 9 - P6 x 12 } x
Cos a + { ( P 2
+ P 5
) x 1.577 + ( P 3 + P4 ) x 4.000 } x Sin a
= { 831.409 + ( -138.568 ) x 6 - 4988.45 - 4861.64 } x 1.577
0.8660 + { ( 831.409 ) x 1.577 + ( 415.704 ) x 4.000 } x
0.5000
12 VH = -7043.280
VH = -586.940 Kg

SH=0
HA = ( P1 + P2 + P3 + P4 + P5 + P6 ) x Sin a
= 1854.8176 x 0.5000
HA = 927.409 Kg

Kontrol
SV=0
VA + VH + ( P4 + P5 + P6 ) x Cos a = ( P1 + P2 + P3 ) x Cos a
51.500 + ( -586.940 ) + ( ### )x 0.866 = 618.273 x 0.866
535.439706 = 535.4397 (Oke!)
2. Angin Kanan

D F
C G

###
B H

A K I
J L

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

P1 = 202.568 Kg P4 = 277.136 Kg
P2 = 277.136 Kg P5 = 554.273 Kg
P3 = 138.568 Kg P6 = 405.136 Kg

Seperti pada perhitungan perletakan akibat beban angin kiri maka akibat beban angin
kanan akan diperoleh

VA = 51.500 Kg
VH = -586.940 Kg
HA = 927.409 Kg

## c. Akibat Beban Tak Terduga

100 kg

100 kg 100 kg
100 kg E 100 kg

D F
100 kg 100 kg
C G
100 kg 100 kg
###

B H

A K I
J L

VA VI

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

125 ( 9 )
VA = VA = = 562.5 kg
2
TABEL DATA PERHITUNGAN CREMONA

GAYA BATANG(Kg)
PANJANG
JENIS NOMOR
BEBAN MATI (M) BEBAN TAK TERDUGA (T) ANGIN KIRI (Kr) ANGIN KANAN (Kn) KOMBINSI HARGA EKSTRIM BATANG(
BATANG BATANG
m)
TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) (Mt + Td) (Mt + Kr) (Mt + Kn) (Tekan) (Tarik)

## S10 1830 660 980 700 2490 2810 2530 1.732

ATAS

2340 -
S12 1830 660 700 980 2490 2530 2810 1.732

BAWAH

## S8 144 320 700 2110 464 844 2254 3.009

- 5520
S14 144 320 2110 700 464 2254 844 3.009

5400
DIAGONAL/TEGAK

## S9 2600 90 640 1280 2690 3240 3880 3.334

S11 1500 550 700 700 2050 2200 2200 2050 6740 4.000

## sumber : Hasil perhitungan gaya batang akibat beban-beban yang bekerja

6. PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI BATANG
1. Batang Atas
Pmax = 2340 Kg = 2.34 ton (tekan)
Baja ST 37 dengan sd = 1600 Kg/cm2
Ltekan = 1.732 m = 173.21 cm
Imin = 1.69 x Pmax x (Ltekan)2
= 1.69 x 2.34 x 3.000
= 11.864 cm4

= 5.932 cm4

## Dari tabel baja profil yang memenuhi adalah 200 x 200 x 16

dengan data:
Y
t Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
ix = iy = 6.150 cm
F = 61.8 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 16 = 1.6 cm
X d X b = 200 mm = 20 cm
W = 4.95 cm
e = 1.97 cm
dL = 1.1 cm (diameter lubang)
d = dL - 1 mm (baut hitam)
d= 1 cm

Kontrol Tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x-x )
Ltekan 173.2
lx = = = 28.16 ~ 28
ix 6.150

## Dari tabel x-a -sxx diperoleh ax = 0.141

sxx = ax x sd = 0.141 x 1600 = 225.60 Kg/cm2
P = ax x 2F x sd = 27884.2 > 2340
P 2340
st = = = 18.93 Kg/cm2 < 225.60 Kg/cm2 Ok!!
2F 123.6
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan( sumbu y-y )
Iyfiktif 2 ( Iy + FC )
2
= C = e + 1/2a
= 2.47 cm
= 2 ( 2340 + 61.8 x 2.47 2) = 5434.071 cm4
0,9xIyfiktif 4891 1/2
iyfiktif = ( )1/2 = ( ) = 6.290 cm
2F 123.60
Ltekan 173.2
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 27.536 ~ 28
6.290

## Dari tabel untuk x - a - sxx diperoleh ayfiktif = 0.299

ax 0.141
a1 = ayfiktif = = 0.472
0.299

## Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 94

Lmedan = ly1 x iy = 94 x 6.150
= 578.10 cm
Ltekan 173.21
Banyaknya medan = = = 0.300 = 3 (dibulatkan keganjil)
Lmedan 578.10

## Maka untuk setiap 3

medan dibuat 2 plat koppel
Ltekan 173.21016
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( Lki ) = = = 57.737 cm
medan 3

## Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 57.737
ly1 = = = 9.388 ~ 9
iy 6.150
Dari tabel diperoleh ay1 = 0.769
ayfiktif x ay1 > ax
0.299 x 0.769 > 0.141
0.230 > 0.141 oke!!

## stk = ayfiktif x ay1 x sd

= 0.299 x 0.769 x 1600
= 367.890 Kg/cm2

P 2340
st = = = 18.932 < 367.89 oke!!
2F 123.6

2. Batang Bawah
Pmax = 5520.000 Kg (tarik)
Lk = 3.009 m
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2

Pmax 5520
Fnetto = = = 3.450 cm2
sd 1600

## Digunakan profil baja 200 x 200 x ### F = 61.8 cm2

ix = 6.15 cm
Pmax 5520
s ytd = = = 89.32 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!!
F 61.8

Ltarik 300.9
l =
imin
= = 48.93 < 240 oke!!
6.150
3. Batang Diagonal
Pmax = 2050 Kg = 2.050 ton (tekan)
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2
Ltekan = 3.334 m = 333.401 cm
Imin = 1.69 x Pmax x (Ltekan)2
= 1.69 x 2.050 x 11.116
= 38.510 cm4 `

## Untuk 1 profil, Imin = 1/2 x( 38.510 )

= 19.255 cm4
Profil yang memenuhi : 200 x 200 x 16
dengan data:
Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
ix = iy = 6.150 cm
F = 61.8 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 16 = 1.6 cm
W = 4.95 cm
b = 200 mm = 20 cm
e = 1.97 cm

Kontrol Tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x-x )
Ltekan 333.401
lx = = = 54.21 ~ 54
ix 6.150

## Dari tabel x-a -sxx diperoleh ax = 0.121

sxx = ax x sd = 0.121 x 1600 = 193.60 Kg/cm2
P = ax x 2F x sd = 23929 > 2050
P 2050
st = = = 16.59 Kg/cm2 < 193.60 Kg/cm2 Ok!!
2F 123.6
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan( sumbu y-y )
Iyfiktif = 2 ( Iy + FC2 ) C = e + 1/2a
= 2.47 cm
= 2 ( 2340.0 + 61.8 x 2.47 ) = 5434.071 cm4
2

## 0,9xIyfiktif 4890.66 1/2

iyfiktif = ( )1/2 = ( ) = 6.290 cm
2F 123.60
Ltekan 333.401
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 53.002 ~ 53
6.290

## Dari tabel untuk x - a - sxx diperoleh ayfiktif = 0.266

ax 0.121
a1 = ayfiktif = = 0.455
0.266

## Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 96

Lmedan = ly1 x iy = 96 x 6.150
= 590.40 cm
Ltekan 333.401
Banyaknya medan = = = 0.565 = 3 (dibulatkan keganjil)
Lmedan 590.40

## Maka untuk setiap 3

medan dibuat 2 plat koppel
Ltekan 333.4014
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( Lki ) = = = 111.134 cm
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( Lki ) = = = 111.134 cm
medan 3
Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 111.134
ly1 = = = 18.071 ~ 18
iy 6.150
Dari tabel diperoleh ay1 = 0.736
ayfiktif x ay1 > ax
0.266 x 0.736 > 0.121
0.196 > 0.121 oke!!

## stk = ayfiktif x ay1 x sd

= 0.266 x 0.736 x 1600
= 313.24 Kg/cm2

P 2050
st = = = 16.586 < 313.24 oke!!
2F 123.6

## 4. Batang Diagonal Tegak

Pmax = 6740.000 Kg (tarik)
Lk = 3.334 m
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2

Pmax 6740
Fnetto = = = 4.213 cm2
sd 1600

## Digunakan profil baja 200 x 200 x ### F = 61.8 cm2

ix = 6.15 cm
Pmax 6740
s ytd = = = 109.06 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!!
F 61.8

Ltarik 333.4
l =
imin
= = 54.21 < 240 oke!!
6.150
7. PERHITUNGAN PLAT KOPPEL

z 1. Batang Atas

t =1 cm P = 2340.000 Kg

200 x 200 x 16

F = 61.8 cm2
Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
e = 1.97 cm
w = 4.95 cm
w a w a = 1 cm
d = 1 cm

2d

5d

2d

Perhitungan baut :

= 960 Kg/cm2

= 2400 Kg/cm2

## Tinjau geser : P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 2

x 960 )= 1507.964 Kg
Tinjau melesak : P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1 x 2400 = 2400.000 Kg

P 2340.000
n = = = 1.55 ~ 2
Pmin 1507.9645

## Ukuran plat koppel

l = 9d = 9 x 1 = 9.0 cm z = 2w + a = 10.9 cm
t = 1 cm Lki = 57.74 cm
c = 5d = 5 x 1 = 5.0 cm syarat, Dmax = 1,5%x P
= 35.100 Kg

## Momen statis terhadap sumbu y - y

S = F x z/2 = 61.8 x 5.45 = 336.81 cm3
I = 2( Iy + F(z/2)2) = 2 ( 2340 + 1835.61 ) = 8351.229 cm4
SxDxLki 125241.34
V = = = 14.996756 Kg
I 8351.2290

## Untuk satu baut, V/2 = 7.4984 Kg

Plat koppel seimbang jika, V.z = N.c
Vxz 163.464635 = untuk satu baut, N/2 = 16.3465 Kg
N = = 32.69293 Kg
c 5.0

## Terhadap geser ; R 17.984

tt = = = 22.8982 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2
1/4od2 0.785
oke!
tm = = = 17.9842 Kg/cm2 < 2400 kg/cm2
txd 1
oke!
Kontrol plat koppel
Fnetto = t ( l - 2d ) = 1 ( 9.0 - 2 ) = 7 cm2
Flubang = 1/4od2 = 0.785 cm2
Itotal = 1/12 x t x l3 = 60.75 cm4

Ilubang = 2Flubang(1/2c)
2
= 9.8 cm4
Inetto = Itotal - Ilubang = 50.9 cm4
Inetto 50.9
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
1/2l 4.5

V 14.9968
tgeser = = = 2.1424 Kg/cm2
Fnetto 7

## tmax = 3/2 tgeser = 3.2136 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2 oke!

M N/2 x c 81.732
sytd = = = = 7.2212 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
wnetto wnetto 11.318

tegangan ideal :

## sid = ( ( sytd )2 + 3( tmax )2 )1/2 = ( 52.146 + 30.981 )1/2

= 9.117 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!

2. Batang Diagonal

P = 2050.000 Kg

## 200 x 200 x ###

F = 61.8 cm2
Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
e = 1.97 cm
w = 4.95 cm
d = 1 cm
a = 1 cm
Perhitungan baut :

= 960 Kg/cm2

= 2400 Kg/cm2

## Tinjau geser : P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( o/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
Tinjau melesak : P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1 x 2400 = 2400.000 Kg

P 2050.000
n = = = 1.36 ~ 2
Pmin 1507.9645

## Ukuran plat koppel

l = 9d = 9 x 1 = 9.0 cm z = 2w + a = 10.9 cm
t = 1 cm Lki = 111.13 cm
c = 5d = 5 x 1 = 5.0 cm syarat, Dmax = 1,5%x P
= 30.750 Kg

## Momen statis terhadap sumbu y - y

S = F x z/2 = 61.8 x 5.45 = 336.81 cm3
I = 2( Iy + F(z/2)2) = 2 ( 2340 + 1835.61 ) = 8351.229 cm4
SxDxLki 211193.12
V = = = 25.288867 Kg
I 8351.2290

## Untuk satu baut, V/2 = 12.6444 Kg

Plat koppel seimbang jika, V.z = N.c
Vxz 275.648648 = untuk satu baut, N/2 = 27.5649 Kg
N = = 55.12973 Kg
c 5.0

## Terhadap geser ; R 30.327

tt = = = 38.6130 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2
1/4od2 0.785
oke!
tm = = = 30.3266 Kg/cm2 < 2400 kg/cm2
txd 1
oke!
Kontrol plat koppel
Fnetto = t ( l - 2d ) = 1 ( 9.0 - 2 ) = 7 cm2
Flubang = 1/4od2 = 0.785 cm2
Itotal = 1/12 x t x l3 = 60.75 cm4
Ilubang = 2Flubang(1/2c)
2
= 9.8 cm4
Inetto = Itotal - Ilubang = 50.9 cm4
Inetto 50.9
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
1/2l 4.5

V 25.2889
tgeser = = = 3.6127 Kg/cm2
Fnetto 7

## tmax = 3/2 tgeser = 5.419 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2 oke!

M N/2 x c 137.82
sytd = = = = 12.177 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
wnetto wnetto 11.318

tegangan ideal :

## = 15.375 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!

8. PERHITUNGAN JUMLAH BAUT

Menurut Peraturan Perencanaan Bangunan Baja Indonesia ( PPBI ) 1984 pasal 8.2 ayat 1,
Syarat kekuatan baut :
a. Akibat geser : P/n
t = < t
F

= 960 Kg/cm2

s = < sm
Fm

= 2400 Kg/cm2

## F = Luas penampang baut

Fm = Luas penampang melesak

Titik Kumpul E

Batang S10
P = 2490.000 Kg
S10 S12 Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
S11
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2490.000
n = = = 1.651 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447

Batang S12
P = 2490.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2490.000
n = = = 1.651 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447

Batang S11
P = 2050.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2050.000
n = = = 1.359 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
Titik Kumpul D

S10 Batang S5
P = 3110.000 Kg
S6 S9 Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
S5 t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 3110.000
n = = = 4.125 5 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S6
P = 2710.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2710.000
n = = = 3.594 4 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S9
P = 2690.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2690.000
n = = = 1.784 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447

Batang S10
P = 2490.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2490.000
n = = = 1.651 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
Titik Kumpul B

S4 Batang S1
P = 3170.000 Kg
S3 Profil 200 x 200 x 16
S1 d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 3170.000
n = = = 4.204 5 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S3
P = 3220.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 3220.000
n = = = 4.271 5 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S4
P = 2710.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

## P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x

2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2710.000
n = = = 1.797 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
9. PERHITUNGAN LAS

SKETSA :
a
Q1

e2
P

e1

Q2
a

2a a
Lnetto
Lbruto

1. Titik Simpul B
P1 = 2640.00 Kg
4 P3 = 3480.00 Kg
P4 = 2530.00 Kg
1

Batang 1

P = 2640.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x ###
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

## Las bagian atas

P x e1 2640.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 130.02 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 130.02
F1 = = = 0.135 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.135
L1 netto = = = 0.120 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.120 + 3.394 = 3.514 cm

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 130.020
o ytd = = = 32.706 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 3.975

## Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.514 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm
Las bagian bawah
P x e2 2640 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1190.0 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1190.0
F2 = = = 1.240 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.240
L2 netto = = = 1.096 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.096 + 3.394 = 4.490

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1189.980
oytd = = = 234.272 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.079

## Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.490 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 3

P = 3480.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x ###
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

## Las bagian atas

P x e1 3480.00 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 171.390 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 171.390
F1 = = = 0.179 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.179
L1 netto = = = 0.158 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.158 + 3.394 = 3.552

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 171.390
oytd = = = 42.651 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 4.018

## Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.552 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

## Las bagian bawah

P x e2 3480.00 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1568.61 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1568.61
F2 = = = 1.634 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.634
L2 netto = = = 1.444 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.444 + 3.394 = 4.838

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1568.610
oytd = = = 286.562 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.474

## Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.838 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 4

P = 2530.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x ###
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

## Las bagian atas

P x e1 2530.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 124.60 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 124.60
F1 = = = 0.130 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.130
L1 netto = = = 0.115 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.115 + 3.394 = 3.509

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 124.603
oytd = = = 31.388 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 3.970

## Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.509 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

## Las bagian bawah

P x e2 2530.0 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1140.40 Kg
2b 40.000
Q2 1140.40
F2 = = = 1.188 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.188
L2 netto = = = 1.050 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.050 + 3.394 = 4.444

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1140.398
oytd = = = 226.817 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.028

## Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.444 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

2. Titik Simpul E
P10 = 2810.00 Kg
P11 = 3870.00 Kg
P12 = 2810.00 Kg
10 12

11

Batang 10 = 12

P = 2810.000 Kg
profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20.00 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

## Las bagian atas

P x e1 2810.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 138.4 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 138.39
F1 = = = 0.144 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.144
L1 netto = = = 0.127 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.127 + 3.394 = 3.522

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 138.393
oytd = = = 34.736 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 3.984
Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.522 cm
Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

## Las bagian bawah

P x e2 2810.0 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1266.6 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1266.6
F2 = = = 1.319 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.319
L2 netto = = = 1.166 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.166 + 3.394 = 4.560

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1266.608
oytd = = = 245.499 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.159

## Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.560 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 11

P = 3870.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

## Las bagian atas

P x e1 3870.00 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 190.60 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 190.598
F1 = = = 0.199 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.199
L1 netto = = = 0.175 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.175 + 3.394 = 3.570

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 190.598
oytd = = = 47.196 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 4.038

## Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.570 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm
Las bagian bawah
P x e2 3870.00 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1744.4 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1744.40
F2 = = = 1.817 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.817
L2 netto = = = 1.606 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.606 + 3.394 = 5.000

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1744.403
oytd = = = 308.361 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.657

## Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 5.000 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

3. Titik Simpul K

P8 = 844.000 Kg
11 P9 = 3240.00 Kg
P13 = 3240.00 Kg
9 13
P14 = 844.000 Kg

8 14

Batang 8 = 14

P = 844.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.28 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.28 = 18.7 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

## Las bagian atas

P x e1 844.0 x 1.280
Q1 = = = 54.0 Kg
b 20.000

Q1 54.02
F1 = = = 0.056 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm
F1 0.056
L1netto = = = 0.050 cm
a 1.131

L1bruto = L1netto + 3a
= 0.050 + 3.394 = 3.444

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 54.016
oytd = = = 13.864 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1bruto 3.896

## Jadi panjang las = L1bruto = 3.444 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

## Las bagian bawah

P x e2 844.0 x 18.720
Q2 = = = 790.0 Kg
b 20.000

Q2 790.0
F2 = = = 0.823 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 0.823
L2netto = = = 0.727 cm
a 1.131

L2bruto = L2netto + 3a
= 0.727 + 3.394 = 4.121

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 789.984
oytd = = = 169.422 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2bruto 4.663

## Jadi panjang las = L2bruto = 4.121 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 9 = 13

P = 3240.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

## Las bagian atas

P x e1 3240.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 159.6 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 159.57
F1 = = = 0.166 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.166
L1netto = = = 0.147 cm
L1netto = = = 0.147 cm
a 1.131

L1bruto = L1netto + 3a
= 0.147 + 3.394 = 3.541

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 159.570
oytd = = = 39.831 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1bruto 4.006

## Jadi panjang las = L1bruto = 3.541 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

## Las bagian bawah

P x e2 3240.0 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1460.4 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1460.4
F2 = = = 1.521 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.521
L2netto = = = 1.345 cm
a 1.131

L2bruto = L2netto + 3a
= 1.345 + 3.394 = 4.739

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1460.430
oytd = = = 272.407 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2bruto 5.361

## Jadi panjang las = L2bruto = 4.739 cm

Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm
10. PERENCANAAN KOLOM

## ~ Beban aksial yang diterima :

Beban mati (A) = 1087.041 Kg
Beban tak terduga (B) = 562.500 Kg
Beban angin kiri (C) = -51.500 Kg
Beban angin kanan (D) = 51.500 Kg

~ Kombinasi pembebanan :
A+B = 1087.041 + 562.5 = 1649.541 Kg
A+C = 1087.041 - 51.5003 = 1035.540 Kg
A+D = 1087.041 + -51.500 = 1138.541 Kg
A+B+C = 1087.041 + 562.5 - 51.5003 = 1598.040 Kg

= 927.409 x 4
= 3709.635 Kg.m

## Dianggap kolom berupa jepit - sendi, K = 0.707

Panjang tekuk ( Ltk ) = Panjang kolom x K
= 400 x 0.707
= 282.843 cm

~ Momen inersia ;

## n . Ptk . Ltk2 3.5 x 1649.541 x 282.843###

I = =
p2 . E p2 x 2100000

= 22.284 cm4

## Direncanakan profil baja ganda siku sama kaki 50 x 50 x 9

Ix = Iy = 17.9 cm4
ix = iy = 1.47 cm3
F = 8.24 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 0.9 cm
W = 3.54 cm
b = 5 cm
e = 1.56 cm

~ Kontrol tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x - x )
Ltk 282.843
lx = = = 192.41 ~ 192
ix 1.47

## Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ax = 0.115

sxx = ax x sd = 0.115 x 1600 = 184 Kg/cm2

## P = ax x 2F x sd = 0.115 x 16.48 x 1600 = 3032.32 Kg

P 1649.541
st = = = 100.0935 < 184 oke !
2F 16.48
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan ( sumbu y - y )

## Iyfiktif = 2( Iy + FC2 ) C = e + 0,5a = 2.06 cm

= ### ( 17.9 + 8.24 x 4.2436 )
= 105.7345 cm4

0,9xIyfiktif 95.16108
iyfiktif = = = 2.402985 cm
2F 16.48

Ltk 282.84
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 117.7 ~ 118
2.403

ax 0.115
a1 = = = 0.378
ayfiktif 0.304

## Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 106

Lmedan = ly1 x iy
= 106 x 1.47 = 155.82 cm

Ltk 282.84
Banyaknya medan = = = 1.8152 ~ 2
Lmedan 155.82

Ltk 282.84
Lki = = = 141 cm
medan 2

## Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 141.42
ly1 = = = 96.205 ~ 96
iy 1.47
Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ay1 = 0.456

## ayfiktif x ay1 > ax

0.304 x 0.456 > 0.115
0.1386 > 0.115 oke !

## stk = ayfiktifx ay1 x sd

= 0.304 x 0.456 x 1600
= 221.7984 Kg/cm2

P 1649.541
st = = = 100.0935 < 221.7984 oke !
2F 16.48
PERENCANAAN PLAT DASAR KOLOM

KOLOM

PLAT

## Digunakan ukuran plat tebal (t) = 1 cm

panjang (h) = 20 cm
lebar (b) = 15 cm

Perhitungan tegangan :

## P M dimana ; M = 370964 Kg.cm

s =
F
+
W F = b .h = 15 x 20 = 300 cm2
W = 1/6 . bh2
= 1000 cm3
P = 1649.541 Kg

Sehingga :

1649.541 370964
s =
300
+
1000

s = 5.498469 + 370.9635
x
smax = 376.462 Kg/cm2
smin = -365.465 Kg/cm2

menentukan besarnya x

x h-x
=
tmin tmax

x 20 - x x = 9.85 cm
=
365.465 376.462

## Gaya yang dibutuhkan angker

Pangker = x .b . 1/2 tmin =
= 9.8518 . 15 . 1/2 . 365.465 = 27003.61 Kg

## Luas penampang yang dibutuhkan ;

Pangker 27003.61
F = = = 16.877 cm2
sangker 1600

Digunakan angker = f 15 mm
Banyaknya angker = f
### 15 mm

n.1/4.p.d2.(0,7.tangker) > H H=gaya horisontal

## 1272.345 < 3709.635 . ( bahaya )

P

M Plat dasar =
Beban momen = 3709.635 Kg.m
Beban aksial = 1649.541 Kg
Berat sendiri pondasi

III 0.3 gd
Bag. Volume Berat
0.1 I 0.0075 2400 18
II I II 0.15 II 0.0195 2400 46.8
0.15 III 0.009 2400 21.6
ukuran dlm meter 86.4

## 0.3 Total beban aksial :

P = 1649.541 + 86.4
= 1735.941 Kg
0.2
0.3
P M
s =
F
+
W

## 0.33 0.15 0.33 1735.941 370964 F=luas dasar pondasi(b.h)

= +
ukuran dlm meter 63.9375 87914.06 W=1/6 .bh2

= 31.3702 Kg/cm2
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI

## SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 500 Kg P3

SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm
P2 P2
P2 E P2
S10 S12
D F
P2 S6 P2
S16
C S9 S11 G
P1 S4 S5 S15 S18 P1

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BERAT TAK TERDUGA

## SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 200 Kg 110 kg

SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm
110 kg 110 kg
110 kg E 110 kg
S10 S12
D F
110 kg S6 110 kg
S16
C S9 S11 G
110 kg S4 S5 S15 S18 110 kg

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN KIRI

## SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 500 Kg

SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm

E
S10 S12
D F
S6
S16
C S9 S11 G
S4 S5 S15 S18

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20
VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN KANAN

## SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 500 Kg

SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm

E
S10 S12
D F
S6
S16
C S9 S11 G
S4 S5 S15 S18

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m

### Dapatkan aplikasi gratis kami

Hak cipta © 2022 Scribd Inc.

### Dapatkan aplikasi gratis kami

Hak cipta © 2022 Scribd Inc.