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No.

1 E

4 8

C F
7

5 9 12
1
3 11

A 2 6 10 13 H
a

B D G

L = 12 m

Diketahui Rangka Kap, dengan ukuran/parameter sbb:

Jarak Rangka Kap = 5.5 m 4


Kemiringan = tan a = = 0.666666667
Panjang Bentangan = 12 m 6
Kemiringan atap = 30 o

Tinggi Rangka Kap = 4 m


Jenis atap = emen asbes gelombang
( G = 50 kg/m2 )
Diminta :

- Besarnya gaya-gaya batang


- Dimensi batang atas, bawah dan tegak/diagonal
- Sambungan baut pada 2 (dua) titik kumpul
- Sketsa dari rangka kap, termasuk detail 2 (dua) titik kumpul

Digunakan :

Baja ST 37
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2
H
1. MENGHITUNG PANJANG BATANG

D F
C G
4 m
B H
A I
30
3 K
J L
3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

12.00 m

* Kerena bangunan simetris, ditinjau hanya 1/2 batang


EK = 4 m
EA = 6 = 6.928 m
cos 30
AK = 6 = 6.018 m
cos 3
AB = BC = CD = DE = x EA
= x 6.93 = 1.732 m
AJ = JK = x AK = x 6.018 = 3.009 m
BJ = 1.732 + 3.009 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 3.009 ) cos 27 = 2.767
BJ = 2.767 = 1.663 m
CJ = 1.732 + 1.663 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 1.663 ) cos 55.3 = 2.488
CJ = 2.488 = 1.577 m
DJ = 1.732 + 1.577 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 1.577 ) cos 120 = 2.756
DJ = 2.756 = 1.660 m
DK = 1.732 + 4.000 - 2 ( 1.732 ) ( 4.000 ) cos 55.3 = 11.116
DK = 11.116 = 3.334 m

REKAPITULASI PANJANG BATANG


BATANG PANJANG ( m )
AB, BC, CD, DE, EF, FG, GH, HI 1.732
AJ, JK, KL, LI 3.009
EK 4.000
DK, FK 3.334
DJ, FL 1.660
CJ, GL 1.577
BJ, HL 1.663

PERHITUNGAN SUDUT

< AJB , 1.663 + 3.009 - 1.732


Cos = = 0.881
2 ( 1.663 ) ( 3.009 )
= 28.2
= 180 - 28.2 - 27 = 124.8
< CBJ , = 180 - 124.8 = 55.2

< BJC , 1.663 + 1.577 - 1.732


Cos = = 0.430
2 ( 1.663 ) ( 1.577 )
= 64.7
= 180 - 64.7 - 55.2 = 60

< JDC , = 180 - 60 = 120

< CJD , 1.577 + 1.660 - 1.732


Cos = = 0.428
2 ( 1.577 ) ( 1.660 )
= 64.7
= 180 - 64.7 - 120 = -4.6

< DJK , = 180 - -4.6 - 64.7 - 64.7 = 55.2

< JKD , 3.009 + 3.334 - 1.660


Cos = = 0.868
2 ( 3.009 ) ( 3.334 )
= 33.5
= 180 - 33.5 - 55.2 = 91.3

< KDE , = 180 - 91.3 - 33.5 = 55.2

< DKE , 3.334 + 4.000 - 1.732


Cos = = 0.904
2 ( 3.334 ) ( 4.000 )
= 35.2
= 180 - 35.2 - 55.2 = 89.6

Sin a = 0.500
1

Cos a = 0.866
A
a Tan a = 0.577
2

2. MENGHITUNG BEBAN - BEBAN

Untuk Perhitungan Gording Beban Yang Perlu Diperhitungkan Adalah :


a. Beban Atap
b. Beban Angin
c. Beban Tak Terduga
d. Beban Gording

Uraian :
a. Beban Atap

L' m
L' m
Jarak Antar Gording (a) = AC/3 = 3.464 m
Q Jarak Kap (b) = 5.5 m
Qx Berat Genteng dengan reng dan usuk (G) = 50 Kg/m2
Qy Jadi : (sesuai PMI 1970)
Q = axG
Q = 3.464 x 50 = 173.210 Kg/m
~ Qx = Q.Sin ao = 86.605 Kg/m
a Qy = Q.Cos ao = 150.004 Kg/m
~ Mx = 1/8 Qy b2 = 567.204 Kg.m
My = 1/8 Qx b2 = 327.475 Kg.m

b. Beban Angin
= 100 Kg/m
2
P Tekanan Angin (P) (sesuai PMI 1970)
P Koefisien Angin (c1) = 0,02a - 0,4
P = 0.200
P
P c2 = -0.4 (belakang angin untuk semua a)
W = c1 x a x P
= 0.200 x 3.464 x 100
= 69.284 Kg/m
a
~ Mx = 1/8 W b2 = 261.980 Kg.m
My = 0
c. Beban Tak Terduga

P P = 125 Kg
Px ~ Px = P.Sin a = 62.500 Kg
Py Py = P.Cos a = 108.253 Kg
~ Mx = 1/4 Py b = 148.848 Kg.m
My = 1/4 Px b = 85.938 Kg.m

d. Beban Gording

Diketahui berat gording dalam perbandingan normal (q) = 10 Kg/m - 50 Kg/m


Direncanakan berat gording (q) = 12 kg/m

q ~ = Kg/m
qx qx = q.Sin a 6.000
qy qy = q.Cos a = 10.392 Kg/m
~ Mx = 1/8 qy b2 = 39.296 Kg.m
My = 1/8 qx b2 = 22.688 Kg.m

a
Kombinasi Pembebanan :

Keadaan 1 : Beban Atap + Beban Gording + Tekanan Angin


Mx = 567.204 + 39.296 + 261.980 = 868.480 Kg.m
My = 327.475 + 22.688 + 0.000 = 350.163 Kg.m
Keadaan 2 : Beban Atap + Beban Gording + Beban Tak Terduga
Mx = 567.204 + 39.296 + 148.848 = 755.348 Kg.m
My = 327.475 + 22.688 + 85.938 = 436.1 Kg.m
Ambil Maksimalnya :
Mx = 755.348 Kg.m
My = 436.100 Kg.m

3. MENGONTROL PROFIL GORDING


Mengontrol Tegangan :

Mx My
Kontrol : Wx + Wy < s Dimana s
leleh
s = 1.5
2400
s = = 1600 Kg/cm2 ( Untuk Bj A37)
1.5
Wy diambil = 1/8 Wx

Mx My Mx + 8 My
+ < s < s
Wx (1/8)WX Wx

Misalkan : Mx + 8 My
= s
Wx

maka : Mx + 8 My 755.348 + ( 8 ) . 436.100


Wx perlu = = x 100 = 265 Cm3
s 1600
Wx perlu = 265.259 Cm3
Diambil Profil kanal12 dengan data sbb:
Wx = 449 cm3 tw = 0.9 cm
Wy = 103 cm3
Ix = 4490 cm4
Iy = 771 cm4
q = 13.4 Kg/m

Mx My
Kontrol : + < s
Wx Wy
755.35 436.100
( + ) . 100 < s
449 103

591.63 < 1600 Ok !!

Sketsa profil :
y

x
h
x

y
y
b

Mengontrol Lendutan :

fmax = 1/200 x b E = 2,1.106 ( Baja ) b = 5.5 m


= 2.75 cm = 550 cm

5 Qx.b4 1 Px.b3 5 qx.b4


fx = + +
384 EIy 48 EIy 384 EIy
= 0.637 + 0.001 + 0.044
= 0.683 cm

5 Qy.b4 1 Py.b3 5 qy.b4


fy = + +
384 EIx 8 EIx 384 EIx
= 0.190 + 0.002 + 0.013
= 0.205 cm

fytd = ( fx ) + ( fy )
= ( 0.683 ) + ( 0.205 ) = 0.713

fytd < fmax


= 0.713 cm < 2.750 cm Jadi Profil Dapat Digunakan!
4. PERHITUNGAN KUDA - KUDA

a. Beban Mati
1. Berat Kuda - kuda
Rumus Penaksiran :
P = ( L + 2 ) L.b s/d

Karena L = 12 m
P= ( L + 3 ) L.b
= ( 12 + 3 ) 12 x 4
= 720.000 Kg

Sehingga untuk beban di titik buhul diambil Pr = P / n+1


dimana n = Jumlah titik buhul = 5
P 720.000
Pr = = 180.000 Kg
n-1 4

Sedang pada titik ujung menerima beban :


P = 1/2Pr = 90.000 P
P
2. Berat Atap 1/2P+OVER STEK
P = G x AC x b
= 50 x 3.464 x 4 3.464 m
= 692.841 Kg

Diambil jarak OverStek d = 0.8 m


Jadi beban atap pada bentang tersebut adalah
P=Gxdxb
= 50 x 0.8 x 4
= 160.000 Kg

Sehingga beban total di titik A = I = 1/2 berat atap AC + berat atap overStek
P = 346.420 + 160.000
= 506.420 Kg

3. Berat Gording
P=qxb = 107.200 Kg
= 13.4 x 4 = 160.800 Kg
= 53.600 Kg = 214.400 Kg

D F
C G

B H
A I
J K L
REKAPITULASI BEBAN KONSTRUKSI :
Titik Buhul A,I B,C,D,E,F,G,H E
Beban Kuda2x 90.000 180.000 180.000
Beban Atap 506.420 692.841 692.841
Beban Gording 107.200 160.800 214.400
TOTAL 703.620 1033.641 1087.241
b. Beban Angin
1/2 P 1/2 P

P P
E
D F
C G
1/2 P + OVER
B H 1/2 P + OVER

K
A J L I

Tekanan Angin(P)= ### Kg/m2


1. Koefisien tekanan angin (c1) = 0,02a - 0,4 a= 30
= 0.200
Sehingga beban angin tekan= P x c1 x b x AC
= ### x 0.200 x 4 x 3.464
= 277.136 Kg
Pada titik E = 1/2 x 277.136
= 138.568

Pada OverStek beban angin tekan = P x c1 x b x d


= 100 x 0.200 x 4 x 0.8
= 64.000 Kg

Sehingga beban angin di titik A = 1/2 beban angin tekan bentang AC + beban OverStek
= 138.568 + 64.000
= 202.568 Kg

2. Koefisien angin hisap ( c2 ) = -0.4


Sehingga beban angin hisap= P x c2 x b x AC
= ### x -0.4 x 4 x 3.464
= -554.273 Kg

Pada titik E = 1/2 x ( -554.27 )


= -277.14

Pada OverLapping beban angin hisap = P x c2 x b x d


= 100 x -0.4 x 4 x 0.8
= -128.000 Kg

Sehingga beban angin pada titik I = 1/2 beban angin hisap bentang GI + beban Stek
= -277.136 + ( -128.000 )
= -405.14 Kg

c. Beban Tak Terduga

Beban pada tiap titik buhul adalah


P = 125 Kg (sesuai soal)
5. MENGHITUNG GAYA - GAYA BATANG

a. Akibat Beban - Beban Mati

P3

P2 P2
P2 E P2
S10 S12
D F
P2 S6 P2
S16
C S9 S11 G
P1 S4 S5 S15 S18 P1

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

MA = 0
- VI x ### + 703.620 x ### + 1033.64 x ### + 1033.64 x 9+ 1033.64 x 8
+ 1087.241 x 6+ 1033.64 x 5 + 1033.64 x 3 + 1033.64 x 1.5 = 0
- ### VI = - 52177.951
VI = 4348.163 kg

MI = 0
VA x ### - 703.620 x ### - 1033.64 x ### - 1033.64 x 9- 1033.64 x 8
- 1087.241 x 6- 1033.64 x 5 - 1033.64 x 3 - 1033.64 x 1.5 = 0
+ ### VA = + 52177.951
VA = 4348.163 kg

Kontrol :
4348.163 + 4348.163 = 703.620 ( 2 ) + 1033.64 ( 6 ) + 1087.24
8696.325 = 8696.325 ok!
b. Akibat Beban Angin

1. Angin Kiri

D F
C G

###
B H

A K I
J L

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

a = 30 o
Cos a = 0.866 P1 = 202.568 Kg P3 = 138.568 Kg
Sin a = 0.500 P2 = 277.136 Kg P4 = 277.136 Kg

P5 = 554.273 Kg
P6 = 405.136 Kg

S MI = 0
12 VA = { P1 x 12 + P2 x 9 + (P3 - P4) x 6 - P5 x 3 }x
Cos a - { ( P 2
+ P 5
) x 1.577 + ( P 3
+ P 4
) x 4.000 } x Sin a
= { 2430.82 + 2494.23 + ( -138.568 ) x 6 - 1662.818 } x 0.866
- { 831.409 x 1.577 + 415.70 x 4.000 } x 0.500
12 VA = 618.004
VA = 51.500 Kg

S MA = 0
12 VH = { P2 x 3 ( P 3 - P4 ) x 6 - P5 x 9 - P6 x 12 } x
Cos a + { ( P 2
+ P 5
) x 1.577 + ( P 3 + P4 ) x 4.000 } x Sin a
= { 831.409 + ( -138.568 ) x 6 - 4988.45 - 4861.64 } x 1.577
0.8660 + { ( 831.409 ) x 1.577 + ( 415.704 ) x 4.000 } x
0.5000
12 VH = -7043.280
VH = -586.940 Kg

SH=0
HA = ( P1 + P2 + P3 + P4 + P5 + P6 ) x Sin a
= 1854.8176 x 0.5000
HA = 927.409 Kg

Kontrol
SV=0
VA + VH + ( P4 + P5 + P6 ) x Cos a = ( P1 + P2 + P3 ) x Cos a
51.500 + ( -586.940 ) + ( ### )x 0.866 = 618.273 x 0.866
535.439706 = 535.4397 (Oke!)
2. Angin Kanan

D F
C G

###
B H

A K I
J L

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

P1 = 202.568 Kg P4 = 277.136 Kg
P2 = 277.136 Kg P5 = 554.273 Kg
P3 = 138.568 Kg P6 = 405.136 Kg

Seperti pada perhitungan perletakan akibat beban angin kiri maka akibat beban angin
kanan akan diperoleh

VA = 51.500 Kg
VH = -586.940 Kg
HA = 927.409 Kg

c. Akibat Beban Tak Terduga


100 kg

100 kg 100 kg
100 kg E 100 kg

D F
100 kg 100 kg
C G
100 kg 100 kg
###

B H

A K I
J L

VA VI

3 m 3 m 3 m 3 m

125 ( 9 )
VA = VA = = 562.5 kg
2
TABEL DATA PERHITUNGAN CREMONA

GAYA BATANG(Kg)
PANJANG
JENIS NOMOR
BEBAN MATI (M) BEBAN TAK TERDUGA (T) ANGIN KIRI (Kr) ANGIN KANAN (Kn) KOMBINSI HARGA EKSTRIM BATANG(
BATANG BATANG
m)
TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) (Mt + Td) (Mt + Kr) (Mt + Kn) (Tekan) (Tarik)

S1 2320 850 320 2020 3170 2640 4340 1.732

S4 1990 720 540 1580 2710 2530 3570 1.732

S6 1990 720 350 1950 2710 2340 3940 1.732

S10 1830 660 980 700 2490 2810 2530 1.732


ATAS

2340 -
S12 1830 660 700 980 2490 2530 2810 1.732

S16 1990 720 1950 350 2710 3940 2340 1.732

S18 1990 720 1580 540 2710 3570 2530 1.732

S21 2320 850 2020 320 3170 4340 2640 1.732

S2 2010 730 1050 3510 2740 3060 5520 3.009


BAWAH

S8 144 320 700 2110 464 844 2254 3.009


- 5520
S14 144 320 2110 700 464 2254 844 3.009

S20 2010 730 3510 1050 2740 5520 3060 3.009

S3 3100 120 380 770 3220 3480 3870 1.663

S5 3000 110 370 740 3110 3370 3740 1.577


5400
DIAGONAL/TEGAK

S7 200 670 1340 5600 6070 6740 1.660

S9 2600 90 640 1280 2690 3240 3880 3.334

S11 1500 550 700 700 2050 2200 2200 2050 6740 4.000

S13 2600 90 1280 640 2690 3880 3240 3.334

S15 5400 200 1340 380 5600 6740 5780 1.660

S17 3000 110 740 370 3110 3740 3370 1.577

S19 3100 120 770 380 3220 3870 3480 1.663

sumber : Hasil perhitungan gaya batang akibat beban-beban yang bekerja


6. PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI BATANG
1. Batang Atas
Pmax = 2340 Kg = 2.34 ton (tekan)
Baja ST 37 dengan sd = 1600 Kg/cm2
Ltekan = 1.732 m = 173.21 cm
Imin = 1.69 x Pmax x (Ltekan)2
= 1.69 x 2.34 x 3.000
= 11.864 cm4

Untuk 1 profil, Imin = 1/2 x( 11.864 )


= 5.932 cm4

Dari tabel baja profil yang memenuhi adalah 200 x 200 x 16


dengan data:
Y
t Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
ix = iy = 6.150 cm
F = 61.8 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 16 = 1.6 cm
X d X b = 200 mm = 20 cm
W = 4.95 cm
e = 1.97 cm
dL = 1.1 cm (diameter lubang)
b Y b Jadi diameter baut (menurut PPBBI )
d = dL - 1 mm (baut hitam)
d= 1 cm

Kontrol Tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x-x )
Ltekan 173.2
lx = = = 28.16 ~ 28
ix 6.150

Dari tabel x-a -sxx diperoleh ax = 0.141


sxx = ax x sd = 0.141 x 1600 = 225.60 Kg/cm2
P = ax x 2F x sd = 27884.2 > 2340
P 2340
st = = = 18.93 Kg/cm2 < 225.60 Kg/cm2 Ok!!
2F 123.6
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan( sumbu y-y )
Iyfiktif 2 ( Iy + FC )
2
= C = e + 1/2a
= 2.47 cm
= 2 ( 2340 + 61.8 x 2.47 2) = 5434.071 cm4
0,9xIyfiktif 4891 1/2
iyfiktif = ( )1/2 = ( ) = 6.290 cm
2F 123.60
Ltekan 173.2
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 27.536 ~ 28
6.290

Dari tabel untuk x - a - sxx diperoleh ayfiktif = 0.299


ax 0.141
a1 = ayfiktif = = 0.472
0.299

Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 94


Lmedan = ly1 x iy = 94 x 6.150
= 578.10 cm
Ltekan 173.21
Banyaknya medan = = = 0.300 = 3 (dibulatkan keganjil)
Lmedan 578.10

Maka untuk setiap 3


medan dibuat 2 plat koppel
Ltekan 173.21016
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( Lki ) = = = 57.737 cm
medan 3

Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 57.737
ly1 = = = 9.388 ~ 9
iy 6.150
Dari tabel diperoleh ay1 = 0.769
ayfiktif x ay1 > ax
0.299 x 0.769 > 0.141
0.230 > 0.141 oke!!

stk = ayfiktif x ay1 x sd


= 0.299 x 0.769 x 1600
= 367.890 Kg/cm2

P 2340
st = = = 18.932 < 367.89 oke!!
2F 123.6

2. Batang Bawah
Pmax = 5520.000 Kg (tarik)
Lk = 3.009 m
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2

Pmax 5520
Fnetto = = = 3.450 cm2
sd 1600

Fbruto = 1.2 x Fnetto = 1.2 x 3.450 = 4.140 cm2

Digunakan profil baja 200 x 200 x ### F = 61.8 cm2


ix = 6.15 cm
Pmax 5520
s ytd = = = 89.32 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!!
F 61.8

Ltarik 300.9
l =
imin
= = 48.93 < 240 oke!!
6.150
3. Batang Diagonal
Pmax = 2050 Kg = 2.050 ton (tekan)
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2
Ltekan = 3.334 m = 333.401 cm
Imin = 1.69 x Pmax x (Ltekan)2
= 1.69 x 2.050 x 11.116
= 38.510 cm4 `

Untuk 1 profil, Imin = 1/2 x( 38.510 )


= 19.255 cm4
Profil yang memenuhi : 200 x 200 x 16
dengan data:
Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
ix = iy = 6.150 cm
F = 61.8 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 16 = 1.6 cm
W = 4.95 cm
b = 200 mm = 20 cm
e = 1.97 cm

Kontrol Tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x-x )
Ltekan 333.401
lx = = = 54.21 ~ 54
ix 6.150

Dari tabel x-a -sxx diperoleh ax = 0.121


sxx = ax x sd = 0.121 x 1600 = 193.60 Kg/cm2
P = ax x 2F x sd = 23929 > 2050
P 2050
st = = = 16.59 Kg/cm2 < 193.60 Kg/cm2 Ok!!
2F 123.6
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan( sumbu y-y )
Iyfiktif = 2 ( Iy + FC2 ) C = e + 1/2a
= 2.47 cm
= 2 ( 2340.0 + 61.8 x 2.47 ) = 5434.071 cm4
2

0,9xIyfiktif 4890.66 1/2


iyfiktif = ( )1/2 = ( ) = 6.290 cm
2F 123.60
Ltekan 333.401
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 53.002 ~ 53
6.290

Dari tabel untuk x - a - sxx diperoleh ayfiktif = 0.266


ax 0.121
a1 = ayfiktif = = 0.455
0.266

Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 96


Lmedan = ly1 x iy = 96 x 6.150
= 590.40 cm
Ltekan 333.401
Banyaknya medan = = = 0.565 = 3 (dibulatkan keganjil)
Lmedan 590.40

Maka untuk setiap 3


medan dibuat 2 plat koppel
Ltekan 333.4014
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( Lki ) = = = 111.134 cm
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( Lki ) = = = 111.134 cm
medan 3
Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 111.134
ly1 = = = 18.071 ~ 18
iy 6.150
Dari tabel diperoleh ay1 = 0.736
ayfiktif x ay1 > ax
0.266 x 0.736 > 0.121
0.196 > 0.121 oke!!

stk = ayfiktif x ay1 x sd


= 0.266 x 0.736 x 1600
= 313.24 Kg/cm2

P 2050
st = = = 16.586 < 313.24 oke!!
2F 123.6

4. Batang Diagonal Tegak


Pmax = 6740.000 Kg (tarik)
Lk = 3.334 m
sd = 1600 Kg/cm2

Pmax 6740
Fnetto = = = 4.213 cm2
sd 1600

Fbruto = 1.2 x Fnetto = 1.2 x 4.213 = 5.055 cm2

Digunakan profil baja 200 x 200 x ### F = 61.8 cm2


ix = 6.15 cm
Pmax 6740
s ytd = = = 109.06 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!!
F 61.8

Ltarik 333.4
l =
imin
= = 54.21 < 240 oke!!
6.150
7. PERHITUNGAN PLAT KOPPEL

z 1. Batang Atas

t =1 cm P = 2340.000 Kg

200 x 200 x 16

F = 61.8 cm2
Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
e = 1.97 cm
w = 4.95 cm
w a w a = 1 cm
d = 1 cm

2d

5d

2d

Perhitungan baut :

dimana t = 0,6s = 0.6 x 1600


= 960 Kg/cm2

dimana sm=1,5s = 1.5 x 1600


= 2400 Kg/cm2

Tinjau geser : P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 2


x 960 )= 1507.964 Kg
Tinjau melesak : P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1 x 2400 = 2400.000 Kg

P 2340.000
n = = = 1.55 ~ 2
Pmin 1507.9645

Ukuran plat koppel

l = 9d = 9 x 1 = 9.0 cm z = 2w + a = 10.9 cm
t = 1 cm Lki = 57.74 cm
c = 5d = 5 x 1 = 5.0 cm syarat, Dmax = 1,5%x P
= 35.100 Kg

Momen statis terhadap sumbu y - y


S = F x z/2 = 61.8 x 5.45 = 336.81 cm3
I = 2( Iy + F(z/2)2) = 2 ( 2340 + 1835.61 ) = 8351.229 cm4
SxDxLki 125241.34
V = = = 14.996756 Kg
I 8351.2290

Untuk satu baut, V/2 = 7.4984 Kg


Plat koppel seimbang jika, V.z = N.c
Vxz 163.464635 = untuk satu baut, N/2 = 16.3465 Kg
N = = 32.69293 Kg
c 5.0

R = ( ( V/2 )2 + ( N/2 )2)1/2 = ( 56.225669 + 267.2069 )1/2 = 17.9842 Kg

Kontrol kekuatan baut :

Terhadap geser ; R 17.984


tt = = = 22.8982 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2
1/4od2 0.785
oke!
Terhadap melesak : R 17.984
tm = = = 17.9842 Kg/cm2 < 2400 kg/cm2
txd 1
oke!
Kontrol plat koppel
Fnetto = t ( l - 2d ) = 1 ( 9.0 - 2 ) = 7 cm2
Flubang = 1/4od2 = 0.785 cm2
Itotal = 1/12 x t x l3 = 60.75 cm4

Ilubang = 2Flubang(1/2c)
2
= 9.8 cm4
Inetto = Itotal - Ilubang = 50.9 cm4
Inetto 50.9
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
1/2l 4.5

terhadap geser :

V 14.9968
tgeser = = = 2.1424 Kg/cm2
Fnetto 7

tmax = 3/2 tgeser = 3.2136 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2 oke!

terhadap momen :

M N/2 x c 81.732
sytd = = = = 7.2212 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
wnetto wnetto 11.318

tegangan ideal :

sid = ( ( sytd )2 + 3( tmax )2 )1/2 = ( 52.146 + 30.981 )1/2


= 9.117 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!

2. Batang Diagonal

P = 2050.000 Kg

200 x 200 x ###

F = 61.8 cm2
Ix = Iy = 2340 cm4
e = 1.97 cm
w = 4.95 cm
d = 1 cm
a = 1 cm
Perhitungan baut :

dimana t = 0,6s = 0.6 x 1600


= 960 Kg/cm2

dimana sm=1,5s = 1.5 x 1600


= 2400 Kg/cm2

Tinjau geser : P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( o/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
Tinjau melesak : P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1 x 2400 = 2400.000 Kg

P 2050.000
n = = = 1.36 ~ 2
Pmin 1507.9645

Ukuran plat koppel

l = 9d = 9 x 1 = 9.0 cm z = 2w + a = 10.9 cm
t = 1 cm Lki = 111.13 cm
c = 5d = 5 x 1 = 5.0 cm syarat, Dmax = 1,5%x P
= 30.750 Kg

Momen statis terhadap sumbu y - y


S = F x z/2 = 61.8 x 5.45 = 336.81 cm3
I = 2( Iy + F(z/2)2) = 2 ( 2340 + 1835.61 ) = 8351.229 cm4
SxDxLki 211193.12
V = = = 25.288867 Kg
I 8351.2290

Untuk satu baut, V/2 = 12.6444 Kg


Plat koppel seimbang jika, V.z = N.c
Vxz 275.648648 = untuk satu baut, N/2 = 27.5649 Kg
N = = 55.12973 Kg
c 5.0

R = ( ( V/2 )2 + ( N/2 )2)1/2 = ( 159.8817 + 759.8218 )1/2 = 30.3266 Kg

Kontrol kekuatan baut :

Terhadap geser ; R 30.327


tt = = = 38.6130 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2
1/4od2 0.785
oke!
Terhadap melesak : R 30.327
tm = = = 30.3266 Kg/cm2 < 2400 kg/cm2
txd 1
oke!
Kontrol plat koppel
Fnetto = t ( l - 2d ) = 1 ( 9.0 - 2 ) = 7 cm2
Flubang = 1/4od2 = 0.785 cm2
Itotal = 1/12 x t x l3 = 60.75 cm4
Ilubang = 2Flubang(1/2c)
2
= 9.8 cm4
Inetto = Itotal - Ilubang = 50.9 cm4
Inetto 50.9
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
1/2l 4.5
terhadap geser :

V 25.2889
tgeser = = = 3.6127 Kg/cm2
Fnetto 7

tmax = 3/2 tgeser = 5.419 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2 oke!

terhadap momen :

M N/2 x c 137.82
sytd = = = = 12.177 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
wnetto wnetto 11.318

tegangan ideal :

sid = ( ( sytd )2 + 3( tmax )2 )1/2 = ( 148.28 + 88.098 )1/2

= 15.375 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!


8. PERHITUNGAN JUMLAH BAUT

Menurut Peraturan Perencanaan Bangunan Baja Indonesia ( PPBI ) 1984 pasal 8.2 ayat 1,
Syarat kekuatan baut :
a. Akibat geser : P/n
t = < t
F

dimana t = 0,6s = 0.6 x 1600


= 960 Kg/cm2

b. Akibat melesak : P/n


s = < sm
Fm

dimana sm=1,5s = 1.5 x 1600


= 2400 Kg/cm2

F = Luas penampang baut


Fm = Luas penampang melesak

Titik Kumpul E

Batang S10
P = 2490.000 Kg
S10 S12 Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
S11
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2490.000
n = = = 1.651 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447

Batang S12
P = 2490.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2490.000
n = = = 1.651 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447

Batang S11
P = 2050.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2050.000
n = = = 1.359 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
Titik Kumpul D

S10 Batang S5
P = 3110.000 Kg
S6 S9 Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
S5 t = 1.6 cm

P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 3110.000
n = = = 4.125 5 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S6
P = 2710.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2710.000
n = = = 3.594 4 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S9
P = 2690.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2690.000
n = = = 1.784 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447

Batang S10
P = 2490.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2490.000
n = = = 1.651 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
Titik Kumpul B

S4 Batang S1
P = 3170.000 Kg
S3 Profil 200 x 200 x 16
S1 d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 3170.000
n = = = 4.204 5 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S3
P = 3220.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 3220.000
n = = = 4.271 5 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang S4
P = 2710.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
d = 1 cm
t = 1.6 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1.6 x 2400 = 3840 Kg

P 2710.000
n = = = 1.797 2 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
9. PERHITUNGAN LAS

SKETSA :
a
Q1

e2
P

e1

Q2
a

2a a
Lnetto
Lbruto

1. Titik Simpul B
P1 = 2640.00 Kg
4 P3 = 3480.00 Kg
P4 = 2530.00 Kg
1

Batang 1

P = 2640.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x ###
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 2640.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 130.02 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 130.02
F1 = = = 0.135 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.135
L1 netto = = = 0.120 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.120 + 3.394 = 3.514 cm

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 130.020
o ytd = = = 32.706 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 3.975

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.514 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm
Las bagian bawah
P x e2 2640 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1190.0 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1190.0
F2 = = = 1.240 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.240
L2 netto = = = 1.096 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.096 + 3.394 = 4.490

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1189.980
oytd = = = 234.272 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.079

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.490 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 3

P = 3480.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x ###
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 3480.00 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 171.390 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 171.390
F1 = = = 0.179 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.179
L1 netto = = = 0.158 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.158 + 3.394 = 3.552

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 171.390
oytd = = = 42.651 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 4.018

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.552 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 3480.00 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1568.61 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1568.61
F2 = = = 1.634 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.634
L2 netto = = = 1.444 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.444 + 3.394 = 4.838

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1568.610
oytd = = = 286.562 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.474

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.838 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 4

P = 2530.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x ###
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 2530.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 124.60 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 124.60
F1 = = = 0.130 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.130
L1 netto = = = 0.115 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.115 + 3.394 = 3.509

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 124.603
oytd = = = 31.388 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 3.970

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.509 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 2530.0 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1140.40 Kg
2b 40.000
Q2 1140.40
F2 = = = 1.188 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.188
L2 netto = = = 1.050 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.050 + 3.394 = 4.444

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1140.398
oytd = = = 226.817 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.028

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.444 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

2. Titik Simpul E
P10 = 2810.00 Kg
P11 = 3870.00 Kg
P12 = 2810.00 Kg
10 12

11

Batang 10 = 12

P = 2810.000 Kg
profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20.00 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 2810.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 138.4 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 138.39
F1 = = = 0.144 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.144
L1 netto = = = 0.127 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.127 + 3.394 = 3.522

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 138.393
oytd = = = 34.736 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 3.984
Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.522 cm
Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 2810.0 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1266.6 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1266.6
F2 = = = 1.319 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.319
L2 netto = = = 1.166 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.166 + 3.394 = 4.560

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1266.608
oytd = = = 245.499 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.159

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 4.560 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 11

P = 3870.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 3870.00 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 190.60 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 190.598
F1 = = = 0.199 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.199
L1 netto = = = 0.175 cm
a 1.131

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.175 + 3.394 = 3.570

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 190.598
oytd = = = 47.196 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 4.038

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.570 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm
Las bagian bawah
P x e2 3870.00 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1744.4 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1744.40
F2 = = = 1.817 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.817
L2 netto = = = 1.606 cm
a 1.131

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.606 + 3.394 = 5.000

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1744.403
oytd = = = 308.361 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 5.657

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 5.000 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

3. Titik Simpul K

P8 = 844.000 Kg
11 P9 = 3240.00 Kg
P13 = 3240.00 Kg
9 13
P14 = 844.000 Kg

8 14

Batang 8 = 14

P = 844.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.28 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.28 = 18.7 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 844.0 x 1.280
Q1 = = = 54.0 Kg
b 20.000

Q1 54.02
F1 = = = 0.056 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm
F1 0.056
L1netto = = = 0.050 cm
a 1.131

L1bruto = L1netto + 3a
= 0.050 + 3.394 = 3.444

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 54.016
oytd = = = 13.864 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1bruto 3.896

Jadi panjang las = L1bruto = 3.444 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 844.0 x 18.720
Q2 = = = 790.0 Kg
b 20.000

Q2 790.0
F2 = = = 0.823 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 0.823
L2netto = = = 0.727 cm
a 1.131

L2bruto = L2netto + 3a
= 0.727 + 3.394 = 4.121

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 789.984
oytd = = = 169.422 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2bruto 4.663

Jadi panjang las = L2bruto = 4.121 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Batang 9 = 13

P = 3240.000 Kg
Profil 200 x 200 x 16
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 1.6 cm
b = 20 cm
e2 = 20 - 1.97 = 18 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 3240.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 159.6 Kg
2b 40.000

Q1 159.57
F1 = = = 0.166 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F1 0.166
L1netto = = = 0.147 cm
L1netto = = = 0.147 cm
a 1.131

L1bruto = L1netto + 3a
= 0.147 + 3.394 = 3.541

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 159.570
oytd = = = 39.831 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1bruto 4.006

Jadi panjang las = L1bruto = 3.541 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 3240.0 x 18.030
Q2 = = = 1460.4 Kg
2b 40.000

Q2 1460.4
F2 = = = 1.521 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 1.131 cm

F2 1.521
L2netto = = = 1.345 cm
a 1.131

L2bruto = L2netto + 3a
= 1.345 + 3.394 = 4.739

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1460.430
oytd = = = 272.407 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2bruto 5.361

Jadi panjang las = L2bruto = 4.739 cm


Lebar las = a = 1.131 cm
10. PERENCANAAN KOLOM

~ Beban aksial yang diterima :


Beban mati (A) = 1087.041 Kg
Beban tak terduga (B) = 562.500 Kg
Beban angin kiri (C) = -51.500 Kg
Beban angin kanan (D) = 51.500 Kg

~ Kombinasi pembebanan :
A+B = 1087.041 + 562.5 = 1649.541 Kg
A+C = 1087.041 - 51.5003 = 1035.540 Kg
A+D = 1087.041 + -51.500 = 1138.541 Kg
A+B+C = 1087.041 + 562.5 - 51.5003 = 1598.040 Kg

Diambil kombinasi pembebanan ekstrim (Ptk) = 1649.541 Kg

~ Beban momen = beban horisontal akibat angin x tinggi kolom


= 927.409 x 4
= 3709.635 Kg.m

Dianggap kolom berupa jepit - sendi, K = 0.707


Panjang tekuk ( Ltk ) = Panjang kolom x K
= 400 x 0.707
= 282.843 cm

~ Momen inersia ;

n . Ptk . Ltk2 3.5 x 1649.541 x 282.843###


I = =
p2 . E p2 x 2100000

= 22.284 cm4

Untuk satu profil = 1/2 ( 22.284 ) = 11.14223 cm4

Direncanakan profil baja ganda siku sama kaki 50 x 50 x 9

Ix = Iy = 17.9 cm4
ix = iy = 1.47 cm3
F = 8.24 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 0.9 cm
W = 3.54 cm
b = 5 cm
e = 1.56 cm

~ Kontrol tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x - x )
Ltk 282.843
lx = = = 192.41 ~ 192
ix 1.47

Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ax = 0.115


sxx = ax x sd = 0.115 x 1600 = 184 Kg/cm2

P = ax x 2F x sd = 0.115 x 16.48 x 1600 = 3032.32 Kg

P 1649.541
st = = = 100.0935 < 184 oke !
2F 16.48
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan ( sumbu y - y )

Iyfiktif = 2( Iy + FC2 ) C = e + 0,5a = 2.06 cm


= ### ( 17.9 + 8.24 x 4.2436 )
= 105.7345 cm4

0,9xIyfiktif 95.16108
iyfiktif = = = 2.402985 cm
2F 16.48

Ltk 282.84
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 117.7 ~ 118
2.403

Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ayfiktif = 0.304


ax 0.115
a1 = = = 0.378
ayfiktif 0.304

Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 106


Lmedan = ly1 x iy
= 106 x 1.47 = 155.82 cm

Ltk 282.84
Banyaknya medan = = = 1.8152 ~ 2
Lmedan 155.82

Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( Lki )

Ltk 282.84
Lki = = = 141 cm
medan 2

Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 141.42
ly1 = = = 96.205 ~ 96
iy 1.47
Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ay1 = 0.456

ayfiktif x ay1 > ax


0.304 x 0.456 > 0.115
0.1386 > 0.115 oke !

stk = ayfiktifx ay1 x sd


= 0.304 x 0.456 x 1600
= 221.7984 Kg/cm2

P 1649.541
st = = = 100.0935 < 221.7984 oke !
2F 16.48
PERENCANAAN PLAT DASAR KOLOM

KOLOM

PLAT

Digunakan ukuran plat tebal (t) = 1 cm


panjang (h) = 20 cm
lebar (b) = 15 cm

Perhitungan tegangan :

P M dimana ; M = 370964 Kg.cm


s =
F
+
W F = b .h = 15 x 20 = 300 cm2
W = 1/6 . bh2
= 1000 cm3
P = 1649.541 Kg

Sehingga :

1649.541 370964
s =
300
+
1000

s = 5.498469 + 370.9635
x
smax = 376.462 Kg/cm2
smin = -365.465 Kg/cm2

menentukan besarnya x

x h-x
=
tmin tmax

x 20 - x x = 9.85 cm
=
365.465 376.462

Gaya yang dibutuhkan angker


Pangker = x .b . 1/2 tmin =
= 9.8518 . 15 . 1/2 . 365.465 = 27003.61 Kg

Luas penampang yang dibutuhkan ;


Pangker 27003.61
F = = = 16.877 cm2
sangker 1600

Digunakan angker = f 15 mm
Banyaknya angker = f
### 15 mm

Kontrol terhadap beban horisontal


n.1/4.p.d2.(0,7.tangker) > H H=gaya horisontal

4.1/4.p. 1.5 ###. 0.7 . 1600 > 927.409

7916.813 > 927.409 . ( aman )


Kontrol terhadap beban momen

2.1/4.p. 1.5### . 0.5 . 9000 . 0.08 > M

1272.345 < 3709.635 . ( bahaya )


P

M Plat dasar =
Beban momen = 3709.635 Kg.m
Beban aksial = 1649.541 Kg
Berat sendiri pondasi

III 0.3 gd
Bag. Volume Berat
0.1 I 0.0075 2400 18
II I II 0.15 II 0.0195 2400 46.8
0.15 III 0.009 2400 21.6
ukuran dlm meter 86.4

0.3 Total beban aksial :


P = 1649.541 + 86.4
= 1735.941 Kg
0.2
Tegangan yang terjadi :
0.3
P M
s =
F
+
W

0.33 0.15 0.33 1735.941 370964 F=luas dasar pondasi(b.h)


= +
ukuran dlm meter 63.9375 87914.06 W=1/6 .bh2

= 31.3702 Kg/cm2
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BERAT SENDIRI

SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 500 Kg P3


SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm
P2 P2
P2 E P2
S10 S12
D F
P2 S6 P2
S16
C S9 S11 G
P1 S4 S5 S15 S18 P1

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BERAT TAK TERDUGA

SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 200 Kg 110 kg


SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm
110 kg 110 kg
110 kg E 110 kg
S10 S12
D F
110 kg S6 110 kg
S16
C S9 S11 G
110 kg S4 S5 S15 S18 110 kg

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN KIRI

SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 500 Kg

SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm

E
S10 S12
D F
S6
S16
C S9 S11 G
S4 S5 S15 S18

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20
VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m
CREMONA GAYA BATANG AKIBAT BEBAN ANGIN KANAN

SKALA GAYA 1 cm : 500 Kg

SKALA JARAK 1 cm : 2 cm

E
S10 S12
D F
S6
S16
C S9 S11 G
S4 S5 S15 S18

###
B S7 S13 S17 H
S1 S3 S21
S19
S8 S14
A K I
S2 J L S20

VA VI
4 m 4 m 4 m 4 m