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A- Articles of Confederation

The Arcticles of Confederation is a document that established the first central


government for the United States. The document was replaced by the Constitution in
1789. Congress became the single branch of the national government. It would have
limited the powers in order to protect the liberties of the people could make decisions,
but had no power to enforce them. The document denied the power of taxation, it
could only request money from states.(basically a loan)The document could settle
conflict among the States, make coins, borrow money, and make treaties with other
countries and with Native Americans. They could also ask states for money and
soldiers. The States could also refuse these the requests. Plus, government didn’t have
a president or a national court system. The document was completely ratified by all
states in March 1781. This document is important because it provided a basic
example of American documentation.

This document was important to the United States because it provided a basic set
of laws. It was also a typical example of American documentation. The Articles of
Documentation was also the first written constitution of America. It was also very
important because it legalized the thirteen colonies and made them sovereign
(absolute) states. These were the very first steps on building the nation that we know
today.

B- Battle of Gettysburg

The Battle of Gettysburg lasted from June 1st to June 4th 1863 and took place in
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. The Union eventually won the battle. They turned the odds
of winning towards the Union and against the Confederate. In the first day of battle,
the Confederation started to push back the Union. The Union looked for the best
defensive position, and went on top of the Cemetery Ridge and Culp’s Hill.
Confederation raiding party stayed at the Seminary Ridge. The Union had a better
position and they both called for reinforcement. They also prepared for the next day’s
combat. The aftermath was the turning point in the war, it gave hope to the
northererners that the war can be won, and they helped end the South’s search for
foreign influence in war. In the second day, Confederate soldier Lee knew he could
win the battle if his troops captured the Little Round Top from the Union. They could
have easily killed the Union.

This battle was very important because it allowed the Union/patriots to come
forward with their decision to become a unified nation from the South. It also marked
an important time in history, a story of bravery and courage that ultimately led the
patriots to winning the Civil War. It ended slavery and marked a revolutionary time
for the Americans, no slavery. The end of the Civil War marked a significant and
sustained period of peace. This period of peace was essential for the growth and
expansion of the American government/society.
C- Continental Army

The Continental Army was a strong military force. This military force was used in
the 17-19th century period. It held of the British, as well as putting up a substantial
fight. The commander of the army was General George Washington, who was
also the 1st president of the United States. The Continental Army was also
supplemented ( aided) by smaller militias, which brought them more food,
ammunition, and clothing. The weapons that the army used were muskets or
flintlock cocked (early type of rifles), canons, and early Blunderbuss pistols. But,
the British Army had : a) more ingenious weapons b) they had better tactics. In
the end, the advantages did not seem to matter and the patriotic factor won the
war.

The Continental Army was probably the most IMPORTANT subject or matter of
the American Revolution. The prime factor being so is that without the help and
pursuance of the Continental Army, the British Army would have swallowed the
militia and turned this nation into a section of Great Britain. The sole factor of
their dominance is due to their courage and their strength. For example, they were
less likely to retreat. They knew that this was for their patriotism and continued to
fight.

D- Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence was adopted by Continental Congress and was


established on July 4, 1776. The Declaration of Independence declared that the 13
American colonies were not independent states and were no longer part of the British
Empire. The document was written by Thomas Jefferson and was voted on July 2nd. The
Declaration of Independence was initially published as a printed broadside that was
distributed (spread) to the public. The most famous version of the document is still at
display at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. The document also included
complaints about King George III. The document stated that all men are the same, and the
famous quote, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that
they are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life,
liberty, and the pursuit of the happiness.” This statement is considered one of the best known
sentences in the English language.

The Declaration of Independence is important because it stated the there should be no


slavery. It also declared that we were now separated from Great Britain, and we were now
our own unified states.