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a) Ok

b) A soil core empted into a cradle in a manual root-counting method. The core has been scored
with a knife every 10 cm to facilitate breaking.

Inti tanah dikosongkan ke dalam buaian dengan metode penghitungan akar manual. Intinya
telah dicetak dengan pisau setiap 10 cm untuk memudahkan pemutusan.

c) The broken face of a soil core segment as seen by a human operator. The number of visible
roots ( highlighted with white arrows) is assessed in a few seconds.

Wajah rusak dari segmen inti tanah seperti yang terlihat oleh operator manusia. Jumlah akar
yang terlihat (disorot dengan panah putih) dinilai dalam beberapa detik

d) The fluorescence imaging box( in the laboratory, for field use this would typically be mounted on
a utility vehicle). The access panel at the font is ajar and a cassette is visible within. The digital
SLR camera is operated remotely from the laptop. The battery on the left powers the LEDs,
installed underneath the top cover

Kotak pencitraan fluoresensi (di laboratorium, untuk penggunaan di lapangan biasanya


dipasang di kendaraan utilitas). Panel akses pada font terbuka dan kaset terlihat di dalamnya.
Kamera SLR digital dioperasikan dari jarak jauh dari laptop. Baterai pada kekuatan kiri LED,
dipasang di bawah penutup atas

e) View of the ceiling of the interior of the box. The central aperture is face of the digital SLR
camera lens. The order apertures are uv-emitting LEDs( inactive in this photo) behind black light
filter glass.

Tampilan langit-langit bagian dalam kotak. Bukaan pusatnya menghadap lensa kamera digital
SLR. Bukaan aperture adalah LED pemancar uv (tidak aktif di foto ini) di balik kaca saringan
hitam.

f) A visible image of the cassette containing the soil core segments. The cassettes were flipped so
that both faces of the segment were photographed ( the underside is visible here).

Citra kaset yang terlihat mengandung segmen inti tanah. Kaset dibalik sehingga kedua wajah
segmen itu difoto (bagian bawah terlihat di sini).

g) The fluorescence image of the cassette shown in F. the roots are fluorescing blue; larger roots
are highlighted with white arrows.
Citra fluoresensi kaset yang ditunjukkan pada F. akarnya berwarna biru; Akar yang lebih besar
disorot dengan panah putih.

The image processing steps in the analysis software.

a) Image of cassette template


b) Circukar Well labels ( each label is overlaid as a eparate colour)
c) RBG image of cores in wells
d) Detected Linier strustures mask (overlaid in green on blue channel ).
e) Debris mask overlaid in green on original image). All subsects shown with well labels as
transparent overlays.
f) Blue channel image
g) Debris-excluded root mask (in green)
h) roots within wells mask (in green ), with arrows indicating excluded roots
i) Labeled reconstructed root ( in well label colour), with arrow indicating a reconstructed
root
j) Labeled filtered roots ( in well label colour), with arrow indicating a root filtered by hue
k) Labeled filtered roots ( overlaid in well label colour on the RGB image)