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MAINTENANCE TRAINING NOTES

T1 42 & 72 PEC-MPC (PWC 120) ref 72-


212A Ver 1.5

ATA 12 SERVICING

Date of issue 25/04/08


This publication will not be updated on a regular basis.
ATA 12 Main external dimension Page 2/ 74
Main external dimension

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ATA 12 Ground clearance Page 3/ 74
Ground clearance

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ATA 12 Exhaust temperature contours Page 4/ 74
Exhaust temperature contours

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ATA 12 Danger areas of the engines Page 5/ 74
Danger areas of the engines

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ATA 12 No step areas Page 6/ 74
No step areas

On the aircraft, a black point strip shows the NO STEP areas. A black hatched strip limits the area where you can walk.

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ATA 12 Aircraft servicing with jetways Page 7/ 74
Aircraft servicing with jetways

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ATA 12 Exterior inspection Page 8/ 74
Exterior inspection

The exterior inspection is primarily a visual check to ensure that the general condition of the aircraft, the visible components equipment are safe for the
following flight. It is normally performed by the maintenance personnel or if not present by the first officer prior to each originating flight.

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ATA 12 Ground service connections Page 9/ 74
Ground service connections

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ATA 12 Air conditioning ground connection Page 10/ 74
Air conditioning ground connection

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ATA 12 Air conditioning ground connection Page 11/ 74

Pre-conditioning Caution : Before supplying external air, make certain that at least the cargo venting door or the captain communication door is open and
remain open during the servicing.
1- Start up ground air conditioning unit.
Note : To avoid air back pressure at level of underfloor ducts, make certain that both recirculation fan 1 and 2 are off.
2- On ground conditioning unit, select the desired cooling or heating temperature.

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ATA 12 Electrical ground connection Page 12/ 74
Electrical ground connection

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ATA 12 Electrical ground connection Page 13/ 74

Pre-conditioning Caution : Before supplying external air, make certain that at least the cargo venting door or the captain communication door is open and
remain open during the servicing.
1- Start up ground air conditioning unit.
Note : To avoid air back pressure at level of underfloor ducts, make certain that both recirculation fan 1 and 2 are off.
2- On ground conditioning unit, select the desired cooling or heating temperature.

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ATA 12 Refueling electrical control panel Page 14/ 74
Refueling electrical control panel

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ATA 12 Refueling electrical control panel Page 15/ 74

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ATA 12 Refueling electrical control panel Page 16/ 74

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ATA 12 Refueling electrical control panel Page 17/ 74

Automatic refueling operation


The refueling panel and refuel / defuel coupling are located on the RH main landing gear fairing of the aircraft:
During refueling and defueling operations, fire services have to be ready in case of an emergency and fuel safety precautions have to be applied.
This tool is used to keep refuel / defuel valves in open position in case of valves failure.
Each 28 VDC refuel / defuel valve is equipped with a metal ring located under the electrical connection. The element called manual override enables the
valves to be operated manually, in the event of an electrical control failure.
Two restrictors located at the valve outlet allow fuel flow in the circuits to be balanced for simultaneous filling of tanks. Fuel through the lines is admitted
into the tanks at the tank low points.
Diffusers are located at the end of the two filling lines to limit formation of foam and vapor.
The fuel / defuel assembly is installed in a dry bay which is drained.

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ATA 12 Gravity refueling port Page 18/ 74
Gravity refueling port

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ATA 12 Gravity refueling port Page 19/ 74

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ATA 12 Gravity refueling port Page 20/ 74

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ATA 12 Gravity refueling port Page 21/ 74

Gravity refueling is performed through two overwing gravity filling ports installed on the wing upper surface between ribs 22 and 23. Each gravity filling port
includes a support attached to the structure and a filter.
Remove cap from refueling connector located on wing upper surface
by means of a screwdriver, loosen the screw by 4 to 5 turns.
Press cap, turn by a quarter turn and release.
Gravity refueling
Start up ground refueling equipment For each tank, perform refueling and check quantity indicator located on refueling panel.
Take care not to damage wing leading edge equipped with de-icing boots.
From JIC 12-11-28 FLG

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ATA 12 Manual fuel quantity reading Page 22/ 74
Manual fuel quantity reading

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ATA 12 Manual fuel quantity reading Page 23/ 74

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ATA 12 Manual fuel quantity reading Page 24/ 74

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ATA 12 Manual fuel quantity reading Page 25/ 74

Each tank is equipped with two manual magnetic indicators. Access to the indicators is gained from the wing lower surface. A dipstik is mounted between
rib 5 and 6 near the feeder tank.
The other one is mounted between rib 22 and 23 near the vent surge tank. By means of a graduated scale, the dipstik gives an indication of the residual
fuel quantitycontained in the tank.
When not being used for manual checks, the dipstick is locked in its raised position. A chart is used to convert cm into liters and units of weight (Kg or lbs)
as a function of A/C attitude and fuel density.
A clinometer located on the left rear landing gear fairing gives the A/C roll attitude in order to perform the corrections for limiting A/C attitude effects for
dipstik reading.
The dipstik comprises a gauge body with a mounting base. Inside the gauge body are :
an assembly consisting of a magnet and float, which defines the position on the scale during a level check,
a graduated scale,
a stop (or lock) which receives the control knob when the assembly is locked,
a control knob which, by simple rotation, releases the gratuated scale,
a stop ring, which holds the measurement and check assembly.
Locked position : the control knob is flush with the outer face of the gauge body and wing lower surface.
Unlocked position : by pressing and turning the control knob, the rod magnetically linked to the float, falls under its own weight. The fuel level is read in cm
on the section of the scale which protrudes from the wing lower surface.

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ATA 12 Hydraulic reservoir filling Page 26/ 74
Hydraulic reservoir filling

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ATA 12 Hydraulic reservoir filling Page 27/ 74

Procedure Caution: Reservoir replenishing by gravity without installation of the filter basket could cause system fluid pollution.
Open the reservoir filler cap.
Wash with fresh skydrol the filter basket.
Install it on the reservoir.
Fill the reservoir with skydrol (02-003) until the level on the sight glass indicator reaches the "TOP FULL" mark.
Note: A general rule products can be found in 20-31-00 (standard practices). Example: 02-003 above.
From JIC 12-12-29 SRV

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ATA 12 Potable water service Page 28/ 74
Potable water service

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ATA 12 Potable water service Page 29/ 74

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ATA 12 Potable water service Page 30/ 74

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ATA 12 Potable water service Page 31/ 74

Draining
On potable water service panel, remove blanking plug from union, place handle in open position: drain water tank into service vehicle.
During draining keep pushing the faucet lever
Note: in the event of freezing, perform draining after the last flight.
Replenishing
On potable water service panel, with valve handle in open position, connect service vehicle and replenish water tank: 15 liters (4 US gallons) approx.
Place valve handle in closed position
Note: Filling pressure must not exceed 1 bar (14 PSI). In the event of topping up operation, stop replenishing when water flows through overflow port, in
the event of freezing, perform filling just before the flight.
Caution: In order to avoid blocking of plugs and valves by ice, thoroughly wipe dry threads, potable water service panel and access door.
From JIC 12-15-38

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ATA 12 Toilet service Page 32/ 74
Toilet service

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ATA 12 Toilet service Page 33/ 74

Toilet assembly must be serviced after each scheduled flight by, emptying flushing and re-charging the tank with fluid containing a dye-deodorant-
chemical-water solution.

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ATA 12 Service interphone jack Page 34/ 74
Service interphone jack

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ATA 12 Service interphone jack Page 35/ 74

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ATA 12 Landing gear safety pins Page 36/ 74
Landing gear safety pins

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ATA 12 Landing gear safety pins Page 37/ 74

In the flight compartment :


a set of three landing gear safety pins are stowed behind of the First Officer's seat.

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ATA 12 Jacking up for wheel removal Page 38/ 74
Jacking up for wheel removal

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ATA 12 Jacking up for wheel removal Page 39/ 74

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ATA 12 Free fall assister nitrogen charging Page 40/ 74
Free fall assister nitrogen charging

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ATA 12 Free fall assister nitrogen charging Page 41/ 74

The free fall assister assists the main landing gears extension in emergency. A poor pressure will be indicated by a red mark. A task (12-14-32) in the AMM
JIC provides data to perform the job.
Caution: To ensure correct free fall assister inflation, take extreme care of detailed charging procedure. Failure to do so may result in thermal unbalance
during the charging activity and may affect final pressure requirements. Procedure as per JIC 12-14-32
Check the red marker at next flight, if it will be visible, re-perform the nitrogen charging. If the red marker will be visible, at the following flight remove at the
first opportunity the free fall assister and evaluate it.

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ATA 12 Towing Page 42/ 74
Towing

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ATA 12 Towing Page 43/ 74

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ATA 12 Towing Page 44/ 74

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ATA 12 Towing Page 45/ 74

Procedure Make certain that tow bar is in horizontal position and that towing point or towing vehicle is not higher than 16 inch.
Caution: Towing with the hydraulic system pressurized can result in steering system damage.
Before towing the aircraft, make certain that N/W steering switch is in the "OFF" position.
Caution Use only tow bar designed for this aircraft.
Never tow the aircraft at an angle which will cause the main gear tires to slide. Be careful when towing at sharp angles; tow very slowly. When
towing from the nose gear do not exceed the turning angle indicated by the pointer installed on the leg structure and the graduated plate bonded to
the turning tube.
Never tow the aircraft if wind exceeds 50 knots.
From JIC 09-11-00

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ATA 12 Inflating tyre pressure Page 46/ 74
Inflating tyre pressure

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ATA 12 Inflating tyre pressure Page 47/ 74

Main gear and nose gear tire pressures are given in accordance with aircraft normal operating take-off weight in order to optimize tire wear (ref. Job
instruction card 32- 41- 00 CHK 10010 for tyres pressures).

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ATA 12 Check of tyre wear Page 48/ 74
Check of tyre wear

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ATA 12 Check of tyre wear Page 49/ 74

PlacardTire wear limit MLGGOODYEAR328Q28-1 (RETREADABLE) MLGGOODYEAR328Q28-2 (TBD) It is recommended that the tires be removed from the
A/C when the bottom of any groove is reached at any location or when the first layer of fabric becomes exposed, whichever occurs last.
Note: It is permissible to wear the tire beyond the bottom of the grooves if the first fabric layer has not been exposed. When fabric exposure is reached before
the bottom of the groove is reached, this is not a reason for concern, but the tire must be removed if it is to be retreaded.
If retreading is not desired, the tire may be worn until the second layer of fabric is exposed. The tire should be removed as soon as the fabric layer becomes
visible. Exposure of any portion of this fabric layer makes the tire unsuitable for retreading.
NLGGOODYEAR459M08-2(RETREADABLE) NLGMICHELINM09601(NOT RETREADABLE) It is recommended that the tire be removed from the aircraft
when the bottom of any groove is reached at any location.

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ATA 12 Check of tyre wear Page 50/ 74

Note: Perform the check when the wheel is cold and with aircraft on wheels.
Remove tire inflating valve cap.
Note: It is necessary to check tires pressure in cold climates, always apply heat to inflation valve and surrounding areas before unseating valve seal.
Connect a pressure gauge to the tire inflating valve, read the pressure and verify that the valve is in accordance with the following table:

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ATA 12 Check of tyre wear Page 51/ 74

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ATA 12 Braking reservoir fluid level check Page 52/ 74
Braking reservoir fluid level check

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ATA 12 Braking reservoir fluid level check Page 53/ 74

Note: Two persons are required to remove the radome. The radome weighs 60 lbs (27.2 kg).
Check: 1- Check that the fluid level in the reservoir is between the level indicators marked on the reservoir.
2- In case of low level refill
Remove the filler cap
Fill the brake reservoir with the proper grade of oil to the max mark on the reservoir.
From JIC SRV 12-12-32

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ATA 12 Tail bumper Page 54/ 74
Tail bumper

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ATA 12 Tail bumper Page 55/ 74

At each walk around, inspect tail bumper. If it is stripped, check the red indicator:
If this indicator does not show evidence of wear, aircraft can be flown.
If this indicator shows evidence of wear, maintenance action is required.
From JIC 05-51-18

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ATA 12 Tail prop Page 56/ 74
Tail prop

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ATA 12 Tail prop Page 57/ 74

On ground during passengers boarding / unboarding, the tail prop must be installed on the tail skid to avoid a possible pulling-up.
Note: When not used, the tail prop is stored in the rear unpressurized area of the aircraft (beyond the aft bulkhead).

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ATA 12 Oil tank level check access Page 58/ 74
Oil tank level check access

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ATA 12 Oil tank level check access Page 59/ 74

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ATA 12 Draining of air data system Page 60/ 74
Draining of air data system

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ATA 12 Draining of air data system Page 61/ 74

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ATA 12 Aircraft jacking Page 62/ 74
Aircraft jacking

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ATA 12 Aircraft jacking Page 63/ 74

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ATA 12 Aircraft jacking Page 64/ 74

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ATA 12 Aircraft jacking Page 65/ 74

Forward fuselage jack adaptor These steel adaptors consist of a 38 mm (1.5 in.) DIA ball at one end (jack side) and of a threaded part screwed into the
forward fuselage or mlg fairing.
Wing or aft fuselage jack adaptor These steel adaptors consist of a 38 mm (1.5 in.) DIA ball at one end (jack side) and of a threaded part screwed onto the aft
fuselage or wing.
If retreading is not desired, the tire may be worn until the second layer of fabric of fabric is exposed. The tire should be removed as soon as the fabric layer
becomes visible. Exposure of any portion of this fabric layer makes the tire unsuitable for retreading.
NLGGOODYEAR459M08-2(RETREADABLE) NLGMICHELINM09601(NOT RETREADABLE) It is recommended that the tire be removed from the aircraft
when the bottom of any groove is reached at any location.
DAMAGES INTERCHANGEABILITY MIXABILITY Refer to J.I.C. 32-41-00 CHK
Note: Perform the check when the wheel is cold and with aircraft on wheels.
Remove tire inflating valve cap.
Note: It is necessary to check tires pressure in cold climates, always apply heat to inflation valve and surrounding areas before unseating valve seal.
Connect a pressure gauge to the tire inflating valve, read the pressure and verify that the valve is in accordance with the following table:

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ATA 12 Wing fuel tank draining Page 66/ 74
Wing fuel tank draining

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ATA 12 Wing fuel tank draining Page 67/ 74

When it is required, the draining of water from fuel tanks will be performed when the water in the fuel is at the buttom of the tanks, i.e. preferably:
before the first daily flight or minimum half an hour after refuelling or engine shut down.
Note: Before weighting, the aircraft must be defueled by suction at the fueling station and the remaining fuel drained by the water drain valves.
8 underwing water drain valves identified as above. Water draining is possible from tanks at any aircraft attitude between 3.

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ATA 12 Fuselage water drain Page 68/ 74
Fuselage water drain

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ATA 12 Fuselage water drain Page 69/ 74

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ATA 12 Ground clearance Page 70/ 74
Ground clearance

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ATA 12 Exhaust temperature contours Page 71/ 74
Exhaust temperature contours

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ATA 12 No step areas Page 72/ 74
No step areas

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ATA 12 Summary Page 73/ 74

ATA 12 SERVICING
Main external dimension 2

Ground clearance 3

Exhaust temperature contours 4

Danger areas of the engines 5

No step areas 6

Aircraft servicing with jetways 7

Exterior inspection 8

Ground service connections 9

Air conditioning ground connection 10

Electrical ground connection 12

Refueling electrical control panel 14

Gravity refueling port 18

Manual fuel quantity reading 22

Hydraulic reservoir filling 26

Potable water service 28

Toilet service 32

Service interphone jack 34

Landing gear safety pins 36

Jacking up for wheel removal 38

Free fall assister nitrogen charging 40

Towing 42

Inflating tyre pressure 46

Check of tyre wear 48

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ATA 12 Summary Page 74/ 74

Braking reservoir fluid level check 52

Tail bumper 54

Tail prop 56

Oil tank level check access 58

Draining of air data system 60

Aircraft jacking 62

Wing fuel tank draining 66

Fuselage water drain 68

Ground clearance 70

Exhaust temperature contours 71

No step areas 72

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