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Ivo Hernandez
Masterskurs: Europe and the Geopolitics of Oil Gas (In English)
Summer semester 2018

1. Content
Energy today is a critical element in the formulation of national strategies, the exercise of
political power, and the configuration of the international system. Despite alternative sources
being worked, both Oil and Gas continue to be the main sources of reliable energy for most of
the Western world. Also, current pressures to reduce carbon emissions, force European
countries to place their energy policies in the broader context of grand foreign policy
strategies. The Euro region and the European Union in particular, have both individual and
collective strategies towards the provision of secure, and if possible, clean energy. However,
the absence of a common energy policy creates important tensions and differences among
member countries.
The Geopolitics of Oil in Europe pretends to examine the connection between international
security, politics, and Oil and Gas supply decisions in the Euro region. The course takes
energy security from the perspective of the Oil and Gas market as its starting point. Some new
technologies will be addressed, such as those that make the extraction of shale gas more
economical and how these technologies could shape new alliances. Finally, we will discuss
the possible consequences of a successful shift away from petroleum based economies and
how this new energy order could alter the global politics.

The Course has four main objectives:

Gaining a better understanding of the energy security interests in producer and
consumer countries;
Identifying and analyzing how countries have altered their foreign policies, domestic
efforts, and military strategies in light of such concerns;
Examining the shifting trends in the Oil and Gas world;
Anticipating new patterns and political alliances in light of these trends

2. Organization

The Course has been designed as a Reading Course. Every session will work on topics
detailed in the course syllabus. It comprises group discussions with alternative uses of
Multimedia presentations (Power Point, Video). Reading materials will be provided or
suggested for each class. Evaluation will be made on the basis of a Class Presentation, an
Essay paper, of which the main theme should have been previously discussed with the
Lecturer in charge, and a final exam. It is mandatory to read all materials assigned before each
class. No laptops will be permitted in the classroom except for those of students who are making
presentations. Cell phone use is also prohibited during class.

3. Basic Literature

Daniel Yergin, The Quest: Energy, Security, and the Remaking of the Modern World, (New York:
Penguin Press), 2011
Jan H. Kalicki and David L. Goldwyn (eds.) Energy and Security: Strategies for a World in
Transition (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013)
Gal Luft and Anne Korin (eds.), Energy Security Challenges for the 21st Century (Santa Barbara,
CA: Praeger Security International), 2009.
Victor, David, Amy Jaffe, and Mark Hayes, eds. Natural Gas and Geopolitics: From 1970
to2040. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2006