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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature

Guide
ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide


Version Date Author Reviewer Notes

V1.0 2013/08/13 Li Hui Zhang Fan First edition

V2.0 2014/08/23 Li Hui Zhang Fan Modify some wrong translation words

Li Nana, Add: impact on network in Chapter 9


V2.1 2014/12/15 Li Hui
Bian Guangfeng Delete: chapter Timer

Add Definition in chapter 2


Enrich the Chapter 1.4
Update description in chapter 4
Update description in chapter 4.8
Update description about parameters in
V3.0 2015-01-15 Li Hui Liu Yue
chapter 5
Add description in Precautions
Update neighbor cell relation removal in
4.9 chapter, and redundant neighboring
cell removal in 4.10 chapter

Add Intra-RAT ANR Neighbor Cell


V4.0 2015-08-30 Li Hui Liu Yue Addition
ANR Self-Learning

V5.0 2015-10-22 Sun Wei Liu Yue Update to Version V3.20.50.32

Add auto-update of neighbor cell


configuration
V6.0 2016-03-30 He Ke Liu Yue
Add intra-LTE ANR of dedicated carrier
shutdown

2016 ZTE Corporation. All rights reserved.


ZTE CONFIDENTIAL: This document contains proprietary information of ZTE and is not to be disclosed or used
without the prior written permission of ZTE.
Due to update and improvement of ZTE products and technologies, information in this document is subjected to
change without notice.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction ..................................................................................................... 10
1.1 Feature Attribute ................................................................................................ 10
1.2 Related Feature List and License Control .......................................................... 11
1.3 Correlation with Other Feature ........................................................................... 11

2 Function Description....................................................................................... 12

3 Technical Description ..................................................................................... 13


3.1 ANR Function .................................................................................................... 13
3.2 ANR Procedure.................................................................................................. 15
3.3 Technical Principle ............................................................................................. 16
3.3.1 Intra-RAT ANR Principle .................................................................................... 17
3.3.2 Inter-RAT ANR Principle .................................................................................... 18
3.3.3 Cell-Filtering Algorithm for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition and Deletion ................ 19
3.3.4 Neighbor Cells with Low Handover Success Rate ............................................. 25
3.3.5 Deletion of Neighbor Cell Relations That Have No Handover for Long Period ... 26
3.3.6 Deletion of Neighbor Cell Relations for Continuous Handover Failure................ 26
3.3.7 Redundant Neighbor Cell Removal .................................................................... 27
3.3.8 Mechanism for Improving ANR Addition Success Rate ...................................... 27
3.3.9 Intra-RAT Fast ANR ........................................................................................... 29
3.3.10 Intra-RAT Mutual Neighbor Cell Configuration ................................................... 29
3.3.11 Termination of ANR Processing for Cell Measurement Frequency Deletion ....... 30
3.3.12 Timing Neighbor Cell Detection/Removal ........................................................... 31
3.3.13 Auto-Update of Neighbor Cell Configuration ...................................................... 32
3.3.14 Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Carrier Sharing...................................................... 32
3.3.15 Scene of Ran Share........................................................................................... 34

4 Engineering Guide .......................................................................................... 34


4.1 Related parameters ........................................................................................... 34
4.2 Related Counters, KPI and Alarms .................................................................... 59
4.2.1 Related Counters ............................................................................................... 59
4.2.2 Related KPIs ...................................................................................................... 61
4.2.3 Related Alarms .................................................................................................. 61
4.3 Application Scenarios (V3.30.20) ....................................................................... 61
4.3.1 Hardware Requirements .................................................................................... 61
4.3.2 EPC Requirements ............................................................................................ 61
4.3.3 Frequency Band, Frequency and Bandwidth Requirements of Frequency Carrier
62
4.3.4 UE Requirement ................................................................................................ 62

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4.3.5 Transmission Bandwidth Requirements ............................................................. 63


4.4 Parameter Configuration Procedure ................................................................... 63
4.4.1 Enabling the Feature.......................................................................................... 63
4.4.2 Other Related Parameter Configuration ............................................................. 79
4.4.3 Disabling the ANR Function ............................................................................... 83
4.4.4 Configuring Fast ANR Feature ........................................................................... 83
4.4.5 Low Handover Success Rate Neighbor Cell Management ................................. 83
4.4.6 Master model operation ..................................................................................... 85
4.4.7 Configuring Dedicated Carrier Mode .................................................................. 89
4.4.8 Configuring Scene of Ran Share........................................................................ 92
4.4.9 Configuring Project Parameter ........................................................................... 94

5 Impact on Network .......................................................................................... 97

6 Feature Validation ........................................................................................... 98


6.1 Intra-Frequency ANR ......................................................................................... 98
6.1.1 Topology ............................................................................................................ 98
6.1.2 Test Specification .............................................................................................. 99
6.1.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 101
6.2 Inter-Frequency ANR ....................................................................................... 102
6.2.1 Topology .......................................................................................................... 102
6.2.2 Test Specification ............................................................................................ 102
6.2.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 104
6.3 Intra-Frequency Fast ANR ............................................................................... 105
6.3.1 Topology .......................................................................................................... 105
6.3.2 Test Specification ............................................................................................ 105
6.3.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 107
6.4 Inter-Frequency Fast ANR ............................................................................... 109
6.4.1 Topology .......................................................................................................... 109
6.4.2 Test Specification ............................................................................................ 109
6.4.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 110
6.5 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR .............................................................................. 113
6.5.1 Topology .......................................................................................................... 113
6.5.2 Test Specification ............................................................................................ 114
6.5.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 116
6.6 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR ................................................................................ 121
6.6.1 Topology .......................................................................................................... 121
6.6.2 Test Specification ............................................................................................ 123
6.6.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 124
6.7 Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Carrier Sharing.................................................... 130
6.7.1 Topology .......................................................................................................... 130
6.7.2 Test Specification ............................................................................................ 130

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6.7.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 131


6.8 Neighbor Cell Configuration Auto-update ......................................................... 134
6.8.1 Topology .......................................................................................................... 134
6.8.2 Test Specification ............................................................................................ 134
6.8.3 Test Result ...................................................................................................... 135

7 Precautions.................................................................................................... 139
7.1 Inter-Frequency ANR and Redirection ............................................................. 139

8 Abbreviations ................................................................................................ 140

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FIGURES

Figure 3-1 Overall ANR Procedure ....................................................................................15


Figure 3-2 Relationship Between the eNodeB and O&M....................................................16
Figure 3-3 Intra-RAT ANR Principle ...................................................................................17
Figure 3-4 Inter-RAT ANR Principle ...................................................................................18
Figure 3-5 Cell-Filtering Procedure for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition and Deletion ..............20
Figure 3-6 Cell-Filtering Algorithm for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition or Deletion (1) .............21
Figure 3-7 Cell-Filtering Algorithm for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition or Deletion (2) .............23
Figure 3-8 Dedicated Carrier Sharing ................................................................................34
Figure 4-1 SON Management ............................................................................................64
Figure 4-2 SON Management Tree ....................................................................................64
Figure 4-3 SON Policy Set .................................................................................................65
Figure 4-4 SON Control .....................................................................................................65
Figure 4-5 Create the SON ANR Control ...........................................................................66
Figure 4-6 Select ANR Enable Record ...............................................................................67
Figure 4-7 Relating ANR with the eNodeB .........................................................................67
Figure 4-8 ANR Enable Switch Sent Successfully ..............................................................68
Figure 4-9 ANR Policy .......................................................................................................68
Figure 4-10 ANR Policy .....................................................................................................69
Figure 4-11 SON Refer Point Attribute Table .....................................................................70
Figure 4-12 SON ANR Policy is created.............................................................................70
Figure 4-13 Relating the ANR Policy to the eNodeBs ........................................................71
Figure 4-14 Relating the ANR Policy to Cells .....................................................................72
Figure 4-15 ANR Policy Sent Successfully .........................................................................73
Figure 4-16 Configuring Intra-LTE Neighbor Cell Relation Bidirectional .............................74
Figure 4-17 Configuring Low Handover Success Rate .......................................................75
Figure 4-18 Configuring Long Period No Handover Detection............................................76
Figure 4-19 Configuring of Continuous Handover Failure Detection...................................77
Figure 4-20 Configuring of Redundancy Neighbor Cell Deletion Period .............................78

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Figure 4-21 Configuring of Redundancy Neighbor Cell Deletion Switch .............................79


Figure 4-22 Measurement Parameter ................................................................................80
Figure 4-23 Inter-Frequency Measurement Configuration ..................................................81
Figure 4-24 GERAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration ............................................82
Figure 4-25 UTRAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration .............................................82
Figure 4-26 Fast ANR Feature Switch ...............................................................................83
Figure 4-27 Low Handover Success Rate ..........................................................................84
Figure 4-28 Example of Low Handover Success Rate (1) ..................................................84
Figure 4-29 Example of Low Handover Success Rate (2) ..................................................85
Figure 4-30 Operation of Parameter Default Value Management .......................................86
Figure 4-31 Interface of Parameter Default Value Management ........................................86
Figure 4-32 Customize Parameter Default Value ...............................................................87
Figure 4-33 Backup Data before Restoring Parameter Default Value ................................88
Figure 4-34 Result of Backup.............................................................................................88
Figure 4-35 restore parameter default value forcedly .........................................................89
Figure 4-36 The result........................................................................................................89
Figure 4-37 select PLMN List for RAN Share Area In Dedicated Carrier Mode ..................90
Figure 4-38 configure the Broadcat PLMN and Primary PLMN ..........................................91
Figure 4-39 Ran Sharing Switch ........................................................................................91
Figure 4-40 Switch for Replacing PLMN in RAN Share Area In Dedicated Carrier Mode ...92
Figure 4-41 Scene of Ran Share .......................................................................................94
Figure 4-42 Scene of Ran Share Choice ..........................................................................94
Figure 4-43 Select Project Parameter Management ..........................................................95
Figure 4-44 Export Empty Template ..................................................................................96
Figure 4-45 Empty Template Display .............................................................................96
Figure 4-46 Import Project Parameter ................................................................................97
Figure 6-1 Test Environment for Intra-LTE ANR ................................................................98
Figure 6-2 The Intra-Frequency ANR Addition Test Result ..............................................101
Figure 6-3 Intra-Frequency ANR Removal Test Result ....................................................102
Figure 6-4 Inter-Frequency ANR Addition Test Result .....................................................104

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Figure 6-5 Inter-Frequency ANR Removal Test Result ....................................................105


Figure 6-6 The IE repportStrongestCells Can be Shown in RRC Connection Reconfiguration
Message ............................................................................................................................107
Figure 6-7 UE Reports the PCI of Measured Neighbor Cell .............................................107
Figure 6-8 UE Reports the CGI Information of Neighbor Cell ...........................................108
Figure 6-9 The Reason of Random Access is HO ............................................................108
Figure 6-10 eNodeB Sends Measurement Event A2 ........................................................111
Figure 6-11 UE Report Inter-Frequency Measurement Report of Event A2 ......................111
Figure 6-12 The IE reportStrongestCells is included in RRC Connection Reconfiguration
message ............................................................................................................................111
Figure 6-13 UE Reports the PCI of Neighbor Cell ............................................................112
Figure 6-14 UE Report the CGI of Neighbor Cell .............................................................112
Figure 6-15 Check the Reason of Random Access Procedure ........................................112
Figure 6-16 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR Function Test Network .......................................113
Figure 6-17 RRC Connection Recongfiguration Message With the A2 Event for Opening
Inter-RAT measurement .....................................................................................................116
Figure 6-18 UE Sends the Measurement Report of A2 Event ..........................................117
Figure 6-19 Instructing the UE to Report the Strongest URAN Neighboring Cell ..............117
Figure 6-20 Measurement Report on the Strongest URAN Cell .......................................118
Figure 6-21 Instructing the UE to Perform CGI Measurement ..........................................119
Figure 6-22 CGI Information of the UTRAN Cell ..............................................................119
Figure 6-23 Inter-RAT (LTE to UTRAN) ANR Addition Test Result ..................................120
Figure 6-24 Inter-RAT (LTE to UTRAN) ANR Removal Test Result .................................121
Figure 6-25 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR Function Test Network .........................................122
Figure 6-26 RRC Connection Recongfiguration Message With the A2 Event for Opening
Inter-RAT measurement .....................................................................................................125
Figure 6-27 UE Sends the Measurement Report of A2 Event ..........................................125
Figure 6-28 Instructing the UE to Report the Strongest GSM Neighboring Cell ................126
Figure 6-29 Measurement Report on the Strongest GSM Cell .........................................127
Figure 6-30 Instructing the UE to Perform CGI Measurement ..........................................127
Figure 6-31 CGI Information of the GSM Cell ..................................................................128

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Figure 6-32 Inter-RAT (LTE to GSM) ANR Addition Test Result ......................................129
Figure 6-33 Inter-RAT (LTE to GSM) ANR Removal Test Result .....................................129
Figure 6-34 ECGI Measurement Report...........................................................................132
Figure 6-35 Handover Required Message .......................................................................132
Figure 6-36 ANR Adding Information ...............................................................................133
Figure 6-37 Cell2 Is Added as A Neighbor Cell of Cell1 in the E-UTRAN FDD Neighbor Cell
Table ..................................................................................................................................134
Figure 6-38 The Cell2s Old PCI Is 156 ............................................................................136
Figure 6-39 The PCI of Cell2 in the X2 Setup Request Message Is 156 ..........................136
Figure 6-40 Modify the Cell2 PCI to 166..........................................................................137
Figure 6-41 The New PCI Is Carried in the ENB Configuration Update Message.............137
Figure 6-42 The New PCI Is Carried in the X2 Setup Request Message..........................138
Figure 6-43 The PCI in the E-UTRAN FDD Neighbor Cell Is Modified to the New Value
Automatically ......................................................................................................................139

TABLES

Table 1-1 Related Feature List and License Control ..........................................................11


Table 1-2 Correlation with Other Feature ...........................................................................11
Table 4-1 Common Configuration Rule for ANR ................................................................34
Table 4-2 Intra-LTE ANR Configuration .............................................................................39
Table 4-3 Inter-RAT GERAN ANR Configuration ...............................................................50
Table 4-4 Inter-RAT UTRAN ANR Configuration ................................................................51
Table 4-5 Parameters of Previous Version (out of use) ......................................................52
Table 4-6 about the RSCP .................................................................................................59
Table 4-7 Related Counters ...............................................................................................59
Table 4-8 UE Capability Requirements ..............................................................................62
Table 4-9 FDD UEs Supporting ANR. ................................................................................63
Table 6-1 Intra-LTE ANR Test Devices ..............................................................................98

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Table 6-2 Intra-Frequency ANR Test .................................................................................99


Table 6-3 Inter-Frequency ANR Test ...............................................................................102
Table 6-4 Intra-Frequency Fast ANR test.........................................................................105
Table 6-5 Inter-Frequency Fast ANR test.........................................................................109
Table 6-6 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR Test Devices .........................................................113
Table 6-7 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR ..............................................................................114
Table 6-8 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR Test Devices ...........................................................122
Table 6-9 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR ................................................................................123
Table 6-10 Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Carrier Sharing ..................................................130
Table 6-11 Neighbor Cell Configuration Auto-update .......................................................134

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

1 Introduction
This document provides the introduction, technical descriptions, parameter configuration,
counters, alarms, and validation procedure of the LTE FDD Automatic Neighbor Relation
(ANR) feature.

The parameters, alarms and counters in this document are the same as those of the
latest software version when this document is released. To obtain the MO, parameters,
alarms, and KPIs of the existing software version, please refer to the product manuals of
the existing software version.

This document is applicable to LTE FDD mode. "LTE" and "eNodeB" mentioned in this
document respectively refer to "LTE FDD" and "LTE FDDbased eNodeB".

1.1 Feature Attribute

For FDD single-mode eNodeB V3.30.20.20 series:

EMS: V12.15. 30

OMMB: V12.15.30

For GUL multi-mode eNodeB V4.15.10.20 series:

EMS version: V12.15.30

OMMB version: V12.15.30

Note:

FDD single-mode V3.30.20.20 corresponds to GUL multi-mode V4.15.10.20, and


LTE technology description and operation requirements in the corresponding
versions are the same.

Involved NEs:
UE eNodeB MME S-GW BSC/RNC SGSN P-GW HSS

- - - - -

Note:

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UE eNodeB MME S-GW BSC/RNC SGSN P-GW HSS


*-: Not involved
*: involved

1.2 Related Feature List and License Control

Table 1-1 Related Feature List and License Control

No Feature List No. Feature List Name License Control


or not

1 ZLF33-01-022 Intra-Frequency ANR Yes

2 ZLF33-01-023 Inter-Frequency ANR Yes

3 ZLF33-01-024 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR Yes

4 ZLF33-01-026 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR Yes

5 ZLF33-01-027 Intra-Frequency Fast ANR Yes

6 ZLF33-01-028 Inter-Frequency Fast ANR Yes

8 Neighbor Cell Configuration Yes


ZLF33-01-030
Auto-update

9 Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Yes


ZLF31-12-019
Carrier Sharing

1.3 Correlation with Other Feature

Table 1-2 Correlation with Other Feature

Feature Feature Name Required Mutually Affected


ID Feature Exclusive Feature
Feature

ZLF31-07-003 None None


Intra-Frequency
ZLF33-01-022 Intra-LTE Intra
ANR
Frequency HO

ZLF31-07-012 None None


Inter-Frequency
ZLF33-01-023 Intra-LTE
ANR
Inter Frequency

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Feature Feature Name Required Mutually Affected


ID Feature Exclusive Feature
Feature
HO
Inter-RAT None None None
ZLF33-01-024
LTE-GSM ANR

Inter-RAT None None None


ZLF33-01-026
LTE-UMTS ANR

Intra-Frequency None None None


ZLF33-01-027
Fast ANR

Inter-Frequency None None None


ZLF33-01-028
Fast ANR

Neighbor Cell ZLF31-06-009X2 None None


ZLF33-01-030 Configuration Interface
Auto-update Management

Intra-LTE ANR Intra-LTE ANR None None


ZLF31-12-019 of Dedicated
Carrier Sharing

2 Function Description
Neighbor relation planning and optimization plays an important role in the radio network
planning and optimization, and its purpose is to ensure that the UEs in the cell edge can
be handed over to the neighbor cell with the best signal quality in time, to guarantee the
quality of connections and the performance of the entire network. Traditionally, the
neighbor relation planning is implemented based on the basic engineering parameters
that are determined before the planning, while the neighbor relation optimization is
implemented based on the large number of drive tests, which needs large manpower and
material resources. In addition, the neighbor cells can be configured by mistake due to
the input error of a parameter, and not all the neighbor cells can be discovered due to the
limitation of drive tests. The Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) adds and optimizes
neighbor cells with the help of the unknown neighbor relation reported by the UE. Thus, it
can completely replace the traditional manual neighbor relation planning and
optimization. The ANR helps to reduce the neighbor relation optimization costs, improve
the optimization efficiency, and resolve the problem that not all the neighbor cells can be

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

discovered. Therefore, the neighbor cells of the entire network can be added in time, the
network handover success rate can be increased, the call drop rate can be decreased
and the user experience can be improved accordingly.

The automatic neighbor relation depends on the UE with the ANR function.

The automatic neighbor cell relation includes automatic addition and deletion of neighbor
cells.

The ANR involves:

Intra-RAT intra-frequency ANR

Intra-RAT inter-frequency ANR

Inter-RAT ANR

3 Technical Description

3.1 ANR Function


ANR includes the following sub-functions.

1. Neighbor self-addition and self-deletion

a) LTE > LTE intra-RAT neighbor cell replacement

b) LTE > UTRAN (FDD/TDD) neighbor cell replacement

c) LTE > GSM neighbor cell replacement

2. Fast ANR

3. LTE->LTE Intra-RAT low handover success rate processing

4. Removal of neighbor cell relations for continuous handover failure

a) LTE Intra-RAT continuous handover failure neighbor self-removal

b) LTE > UTRAN (FDD/TDD) redundant neighbor self-removal

c) LTE > GSM redundant neighbor self-removal

5. Removal of neighbor cell relations that have no handover within a long period

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6. Redundant neighbor removal

a) LTE intra-RAT redundant external neighbor self-removal

b) LTE > UTRAN (FDD/TDD) redundant external neighbor self-removal

c) LTE > GSM redundant external neighbor self-removal

7. ANR timing processing

The neighbor detection function can automatically find all missing neighbor cells.

The neighbor removal function can automatically delete an existing neighbor cell with a
low priority.

The fast ANR function can accelerate the neighbor detection, and improve the success
rate of UEs performing the ANR flow.

The redundant neighbor removal function can automatically remove the redundant
neighbor configuration, and reduce the redundancy of neighbor configuration table.

The ANR timing processing function can add/delete batches of neighbor cells at
scheduled time, avoiding ANR failure due to limited processing capacity of the network
management system.

To effectively manage neighbor cells detected by UEs, the concept, temporary neighbor
cell, is introduced. After a UE finds a new neighbor relation and reports it to the eNodeB,
the eNodeB adds the new neighbor relation to the temporary data area (namely,
temporary neighbor cell). After the statistical period for the temporary neighbor cell ends,
the priority of the temporary neighbor cell is decided in accordance with the frequency at
which UEs are handed over to it. The temporary neighbor cell with a high priority is
added as a formal neighbor cell.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

3.2 ANR Procedure

Figure 3-1 Overall ANR Procedure

The overall procedure from ANR policy delivery to neighbor cell information reporting is
as follows:

1. The ANR policy template is created through the EMS client and delivered to the
eNodeB.

2. The eNodeB receives an unknown PCI (which means that the PCI contained in the
measurement report is not in any known neighbor cell) reported by a UE.

3. The eNodeB selects the UE and delivers the CGI measurement request.

4. The UE reads the cell system broadcast of the specified PCI.

5. The UE reports the CGI measurement result to the serving cell.

6. The eNodeB reports neighbor cell information to the EMS to request the EMS to
add the neighbor cells as formal neighbor cells.

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3.3 Technical Principle

Automatic Neighbor Relation (ANR) aims to reduce the workload of manual neighbor
relation configuration. The figure below shows the ANR function and the environment
where it operates.

Figure 3-2 Relationship Between the eNodeB and O&M

O&M

Add/Update Neighbour
NR report

Relations

Internal
Iinformation
Neighbour Relation Table
O&M controlled
Neighbour Relation
Neighbour Relation Attributes
NRremove Neighbour
NR TCI
No
No HO No X2 Removal
Remove
Function
NRupdate NRT
1 TCl#1
Managemnt
2
Function
TCI#1
NRadd Neighbour
3 TCI#1 Detection
Function

Mrmnt Mrmnt
requests reports
ANR function

RRC

eNB

The ANR function is located in the eNodeB. In the sense of management concept, the
Neighbor Relation Table (NRT) includes the neighbor detection function and neighbor
deletion function. The neighbor detection function finds a new neighbor relation and adds
it to the NRT. The neighbor removal function deletes a neighbor relation that meets the
deletion conditions from the NRT.

Temporary Neighbor cell: the neighbor cell exists in the eNodeB only, not in the O&M
configuration database.

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3.3.1 Intra-RAT ANR Principle


The intra-RAT ANR function depends on how the cell broadcasts its ECGI in the network.

Figure 3-3 Intra-RAT ANR Principle

Cell A Cell B
Phy-CID=3 Phy-CID=5
Global-CID =17 Global-CID =19

1) report(Phy-CID=5,
strong signal)

3) Report
Global-CID=19 2b) Read BCCH()

2) Report Global-CID
Request (Target Phy-
CID=5)

Description of the intra-RAT ANR principle:

1. A UE measures the intra-RAT neighbor cells in accordance with the measurement


configuration delivered by the eNodeB, and sends a measurement report to the
eNodeB. The measurement report includes the PCI of Cell B not ECGI.

2. The eNodeB commands the UE to use the found PCI to read the ECGI of the new
neighbor cell (for example Cell B), TAC, and all available PLMN IDs. To achieve this
goal, the eNodeB selects an appropriate UE to detect the ECGI.

3. After reading the ECGI of Cell B, the UE reports the detected ECGI, TAC, and
PLMN ID to the eNodeB.

The eNodeB adds Cell B as a temporary neighbor cell in accordance with the UE's
detection result (the neighbor cell exists in the eNodeB only, not in the O&M
configuration database) , and the numbers of measurements and successful handovers
will be collected in the statistical period. After the statistical period ends, if the number of
successful handovers is not zero, and the statistical results meet the algorithm

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

mentioned in chapter 3.3.3, the eNodeB requests the O&M to add the temporary
neighbor cell as a formal neighbor cell (the neighbor cell exists in the eNodeB and O&M).
The O&M adds the neighbor cell configuration, and delivers it to the eNodeB.

3.3.2 Inter-RAT ANR Principle

The figure below shows the inter-RAT ANR principle.

Figure 3-4 Inter-RAT ANR Principle

Cell A Cell B
Type = LTE Type = UTRAN
Phy-CID= 3 Phy-CID=PSC=5
Global-CID =17 Global-CID =19

2) Report Neighbour
Response (Phy-CID,
Signal level) 1) Report Neighbour Request
(RAT, Frequency)

3b) Read BCCH ()

4) Report 3) Report Global-CID


Global-CID=19 Request (Target Phy-CID=5)

For the inter-RAT ANR function, the inter-RAT measurement frequency list is configured
on the eNodeB.

Description of the inter-RAT ANR principle:

1. Cell A in the eNodeB has the ANR function. In connection mode, the eNodeB
selects a UE (or multiple UEs) with measurement capability in Cell A to measure
inter-RAT neighbor cells.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

2. The UE reports the detected cell PCI in a target system or frequency to the eNodeB.
For a UTRAN cell, the PCI consists of a carrier frequency and Primary Scrambling
Code (PSC). For a GSM cell, the PCI consists of BCC, NCC, and BCCH ARFCN.

3. The eNodeB commands the UE to use the found PCI to read related information of
an inter-RAT neighbor cell. For a UTRAN cell, the UE needs to read CGI, LAC, and
RAC. For a GSM cell, the UE needs to read CGI and LAC.

4. After reading the related information of new neighbor cells, the UE sends the
detected CGI, LAC, and RAC (applicable to a UTRAN cell) to the eNodeB.

The eNodeB adds a new neighbor cell (for example Cell B) as a temporary neighbor cell
(the neighbor cell exists in the eNodeB only, not in the O&M configuration database) in
accordance with the UE's detection result, and the numbers of measurements and
successful handovers will be collected in the statistical period. After the statistical period
ends, if the statistical results meet the algorithm mentioned in chapter 3.3.3, the eNodeB
requests the O&M to add the temporary neighbor cell as a formal neighbor cell (the
neighbor cell exists in the eNodeB and O&M). The O&M adds the neighbor cell
configuration, and delivers it to the eNodeB.

3.3.3 Cell-Filtering Algorithm for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition and Deletion

ANR neighbor cells are added and deleted in sorting mode. The addition and deletion of
ANR neighbor cells are controlled by the maximum number of neighbor cells and the
handover success rate of neighbor cells.

Every time the ANR statistical period ends, the eNodeB filters the temporary neighbor
cells in the statistical range according to their handover success rates. The eNodeB
selects the temporary neighbor cells whose handover success rates are higher than or
equal to the handover success rate threshold of neighbor cells.

These selected temporary neighbor cells and formal neighbor cells are sorted according
to their numbers of successful handover. n (n is smaller than N_NBR, the maximum
number of neighbor cells) temporary neighbor cells and m (m indicates the number of
formal neighbor cells ranked after N_NBR formal neighbor cells) formal neighbor cells
are determined.

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The neighbor cell deletion process is originated for the m formal neighbor cells, and the
neighbor cell addition process is originated for the n temporary neighbor cells. The figure
below shows the deletion procedure.

Figure 3-5 Cell-Filtering Procedure for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition and Deletion

temporary neighbor temporary neighbor formal neighbor cell


cell 1 Filtered by cell 1 1
temporary neighbor handover temporary neighbor formal neighbor cell
cell 2 success rate cell 2 2
temporary neighbor temporary neighbor formal neighbor cell Sorted by
cell 3 cell 4 3 numbers of
temporary neighbor temporary neighbor successful
handover formal neighbor cell
cell 4 cell 6
1
formal neighbor cell
formal neighbor cell
N-4
2
formal neighbor cell
Sorted by N-3 formal neighbor cell
numbers of 3
temporary neighbor
successful
cell 2
formal neighbor cell handover
1 temporary neighbor
cell 1 formal neighbor cell
formal neighbor cell N-2
2 formal neighbor cell
N-2 formal neighbor cell
formal neighbor cell N-1
3 temporary neighbor
cell 6 The maximum formal neighbor cell
number of N
formal neighbor cell
neighbor cells N
N-1
formal neighbor cell
N-4 temporary neighbor
cell 4
formal neighbor cell
N-3
formal neighbor cell
N-2
formal neighbor cell
N-1

To prevent neighbor cell relations from being changed greatly within a period, the
number of neighbor cell relations that can be added or deleted within a period is limited.

For example, if the maximum number of formal neighbor cells that can be added or
deleted within a period is p, no more than p ANR neighbor cells can be added or deleted
within a period.

The following two figures show another two examples.

Example 1:

The maximum number of neighbor cells is 64. There are 64 formal neighbor cells (formal
neighbor cells 1 to 64), and there are four temporary neighbor cells (temporary neighbor
cells 1 to 4). In the temporary neighbor cells, only the handover success rate of
temporary neighbor cell 3 does not meet the handover success rate threshold. A
maximum of three formal neighbor cells can be added within a period.

Handover success rate threshold = 91%

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Handover success rate of temporary neighbor cell 1 = 99% > 91%

Handover success rate of temporary neighbor cell 2 = 91% = 91%

Handover success rate of temporary neighbor cell 4 = 98% > 91%

After the 64 formal neighbor cells and three temporary neighbor cells (temporary
neighbor cells 1, 2, and 4) whose handover success rates meet the handover success
rate threshold are sorted according to their numbers of successful handover from large to
th
small, there are two formal neighbor cells after the 64 neighbor cell. The deletion
process is originated for formal neighbor cells 63 and 64, and the addition process is
originated for temporary neighbor cells 1 and 2.

Figure 3-6 Cell-Filtering Algorithm for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition or Deletion (1)

formal neighbor cell 1

formal neighbor cell 2


temporary neighbor cell 1
formal neighbor cell 3
Sorted by temporary neighbor cell 2 Sorted by
numbers of numbers of
successful successful
temporary neighbor cell 3 handover
handover formal neighbor cell 60
temporary neighbor cell 4
formal neighbor cell 61

formal neighbor cell 62

formal neighbor cell 63

formal neighbor cell 64

Numbers of Successful
Neighbor Cell handover success rate%
Handover

temporary neighbor cell 1 150 99

temporary neighbor cell 2 120 91

temporary neighbor cell 3 30 89

temporary neighbor cell 4 10 98

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Numbers of Successful
Neighbor Cell handover success rate%
Handover

formal neighbor cell 1 500 99

formal neighbor cell 2 490 99

formal neighbor cell 60 200 99

formal neighbor cell 61 100 98

formal neighbor cell 62 80 99

formal neighbor cell 63 50 98

formal neighbor cell 64 20 99

formal neighbor cell 1 formal neighbor cell 1

formal neighbor cell 2 formal neighbor cell 2

formal neighbor cell 3 formal neighbor cell 3

Sorted by formal neighbor cell 60 temporary neighbor cell formal neighbor cell 60 Sorted by
numbers of 1 and 2 will be added numbers of
successful temporary neighbor cell 1 formal neighbor cell 61 successful
handover handover
temporary neighbor cell 2 formal neighbor cell 62

formal neighbor cell 61 formal neighbor cell 63

formal neighbor cell 62 formal neighbor cell 64

formal neighbor cell 63 The maximum


Formal neighbor cell 63 number of
and 64 will be deleted neighbor cells is 64
temporary neighbor cell 4

formal neighbor cell 64

Example 2:

The maximum number of neighbor cells is 64. There are 63 formal neighbor cells (formal
neighbor cells 1 to 63), and there are four temporary neighbor cells (temporary neighbor
cells 1 to 4). In the temporary neighbor cells, only the handover success rate of
temporary neighbor cell 4 does not meet the handover success rate threshold. A
maximum of two formal neighbor cells can be added within a period.

Handover success rate threshold = 91%

Handover success rate of temporary neighbor cell 1 = 99% > 91%

Handover success rate of temporary neighbor cell 2 = 95% > 91%

Handover success rate of temporary neighbor cell 3 = 98% > 91%

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After the 63 formal neighbor cells and three temporary neighbor cells (temporary
neighbor cells 1, 2, and 3) whose handover success rates meet the handover success
rate threshold are sorted according to their numbers of successful handover from large to
th
small, there are two formal neighbor cells after the 64 neighbor cell. Because a
maximum of two neighbor cell relations can be added or deleted within a period, the
addition process can be originated for only two temporary neighbor cells. As a result, the
deletion process is originated for only formal neighbor cell 63, and the addition process is
originated for temporary neighbor cells 1 and 2. Temporary neighbor cell 3 cannot be
added as a formal neighbor cell.

Figure 3-7 Cell-Filtering Algorithm for ANR Neighbor Cell Addition or Deletion (2)

formal neighbor cell 1

formal neighbor cell 2


temporary neighbor cell 1
formal neighbor cell 3
Sorted by temporary neighbor cell 2 Sorted by
numbers of numbers of
successful successful
temporary neighbor cell 3
handover formal neighbor cell 60 handover
temporary neighbor cell 4
formal neighbor cell 61

formal neighbor cell 62

formal neighbor cell 63

Numbers of Successful
Neighbor Cell handover success rate%
Handover

temporary neighbor cell 1 150 99

temporary neighbor cell 2 120 95

temporary neighbor cell 3 90 98

temporary neighbor cell 4 10 90

Numbers of Successful
Neighbor Cell handover success rate%
Handover

formal neighbor cell 1 500 99

formal neighbor cell 2 490 99

formal neighbor cell 60 200 99

formal neighbor cell 61 100 98

formal neighbor cell 62 80 99

formal neighbor cell 63 50 98

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formal neighbor cell 1 formal neighbor cell 1

formal neighbor cell 2 formal neighbor cell 2

formal neighbor cell 3 formal neighbor cell 3

formal neighbor cell 60 temporary neighbor cell formal neighbor cell 60


Sorted by 1 and 2 will be added Sorted by
numbers of numbers of
successful temporary neighbor cell 1 formal neighbor cell 61 successful
handover handover
temporary neighbor cell 2 formal neighbor cell 62

formal neighbor cell 61 formal neighbor cell 63

temporary neighbor cell 3 formal neighbor cell 64

formal neighbor cell 62 The maximum


number of
Formal neighbor cell 63
formal neighbor cell 63 neighbor cells is 64
will be deleted

temporary neighbor cell 4

The maximum number of neighbor cells may be changed. If the number of currently
configured formal neighbor cell relations is larger than the maximum number, the
algorithm needs to delete the redundant neighbor cell relations. These redundant
neighbor cell relations are not deleted all at once but deleted gradually according to the
statistical period. The number of formal neighbor cells deleted within a period cannot be
larger than the maximum number of neighbor cells that can be added within a period.
The redundant neighbor cell relations may be all deleted after multiple statistical periods.

The maximum number of configured neighbor cells can be set separately for different
types of neighbor cells, such as LTE intra-system co-frequency neighbor cells, LTE
intra-system inter-frequency neighbor cells, UTRAN neighbor cells, and GERAN
neighbor cells. For example, a maximum of 64 co-frequency neighbor cells and 128
inter-frequency neighbor cells can be configured.

The maximum number of neighbor cells can also be set separately for scenarios that
have different coverage density. For example, a maximum of 64 co-frequency neighbor
cells can be set in a dense urban area, 48 can be set in a suburb area, and 32 can be set
in a rural area.

The handover success rate for neighbor cell addition can be set in the ANR policy
according to the network handover KPI.

Note that the maximum number of configured neighbor cell relations mentioned above
only controls the maximum numbers of neighbor cells added or deleted through the ANR

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feature. This parameter does not control the number of neighbor cell relations manually
configured in the EMS. The maximum number of neighbor cells configured for a
database is limited by only the maximum space determined by the eNodeB version.

3.3.4 Neighbor Cells with Low Handover Success Rate

Because of coverage, PCI confusion, and faults, the handover success rates of the
temporary neighbor cells found and added through ANR and the formal neighbor cells of
the serving cell may be reduced. If no intervention is made for these neighbor cells,
the overall handover success rate of the serving cell will be reduced. Therefore,
the neighbor cells whose handover success rates are reduced should be identified in a
timely manner, preventive measures should be taken for them, and related information
should be reported to the EMS to require user intervention.

ANR Function needs to detect the handover results of all the neighbor cells periodically,
includes temporary neighbor cells. For neighbor cells with low handover success rates,
you can set the default processing policy (indicates whether handover is allowed). Once
a neighbor cell with a low handover success rate is detected, the following process will
be executed:

1. Measures ECGI to detect whether PCI confusion occurs in the neighbor cell.

2. Determines whether the neighbor cell is a temporary neighbor cell or a formal


neighbor cell. If it is a temporary neighbor cell, the NoHO property of the cell is set.
If it is a formal neighbor cell, the cell is deleted.

3. The eNodeB reports temporary neighbor cells with low handover success rates to
the list which can be queried in the EMS to require manual processing. The
temporary neighbor cells which have been added to the low handover success
rates list will be removed from list after a period of punishment, if the num of adding
to the list is lower than the Punish Times Threshold of Low Handover Success Rate
NBR.

The page of the list of neighbor cells with low handover success rates is created
independently in the EMS. This page is independent of the ANR feature monitoring page.
The list of neighbor cells with low handover success rates contains:

1. List of serving cells whose neighbor cell relations have low handover success rates

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2. List of neighbor cell relations with low handover success rates

The EMS obtains the first list according to the NEs selected by users. These NEs have
serving cells whose neighbor cell relations have low handover success rates. Based
on the first list, users can select specified serving cells for query. The queried neighbor
cell relations with low handover success rates are displayed in the second list. In the
second list, the neighbor cell relations with low handover success rates and the distances
between the serving cells and neighbor cells related to these neighbor cell relations are
displayed.

The NoHO property of the queried neighbor cell relations with low handover success
rates can be modified. Once a problem or a fault that causes a low handover success
rate is processed through manual intervention, the NoHO property of the neighbor cell
relationship can be modified to No in the EMS to observe whether the handover fault is
fixed. If the handover success rate related to the neighbor cell relationship is recovered,
the neighbor cell relationship is automatically removed from the list of neighbor cells with
low handover success rates.

3.3.5 Deletion of Neighbor Cell Relations That Have No Handover for Long
Period

In the neighbor cell relations of serving cells, some neighbor cell relations have few
handover. These neighbor cell relations are meaningless for the cell handover service. In
addition, if formal neighbor cells that have few handover exist, the number of messages
interaction through the X2 or air interface may be increased. Therefore, these redundant
formal neighbor cell relations need to be deleted periodically.

The ANR needs to detect all formal neighbor cell relations periodically. If the number of
times that handover is performed for a formal neighbor cell relation is lower than the
preconfigured threshold, the neighbor cell relation is considered to have no handover
within a long period and needs to be deleted.

3.3.6 Deletion of Neighbor Cell Relations for Continuous Handover Failure

For a formal neighbor cell or a temporary neighbor cell found or added by the ANR, if the
configuration modification happens, the serving cell may not be informed about the
modification in a timely manner. This may cause continuous handover failure between

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the serving cell and neighbor cell. Once the ANR detects the continuous handover failure
between the serving cell and neighbor cell, the neighbor cell relation is deleted.

Once the neighbor cell is re-detected by the UE during measurement, ECGI


measurement is re-performed for the PCI of the neighbor cell, and the neighbor cell is
re-added according to the measurement result. In this way, the UE can be prevented
from performing handover to the neighbor cell that has incorrect information, and the
impact on the cell handover success rate can be reduced.

The threshold of continuous handover failure times can be configured.

3.3.7 Redundant Neighbor Cell Removal

A redundant neighbor cell refers to an external neighbor record that is not configured as
a neighbor cell of any cell of the local eNodeB in the external neighbor configuration.

After the ANR function is enabled, the intra-RAT or inter-RAT neighbor relation is added
or removed automatically, or manually modified. These operations will cause changes in
neighbor relations and redundant neighbor cells may be generated. ANR neighbor
removal means neighbor relation is deleted instead of neighbor relation record.

For redundant neighbor cell removal function, the redundant neighbor cells of eNodeB
are detected periodically, and the statistics are performed separately in terms of the
system mode. For each detection period, the total number of redundant neighbor cells
removed of all the modes cannot be more than 128.

3.3.8 Mechanism for Improving ANR Addition Success Rate


When the eNodeB selects a UE to perform CGI measurement, it must deliver a
dedicated DRX parameter to the UE, which instructs the UE to read CGI information of
the unknown neighbor cell when it enters DRX Sleep state. However, when the UE
enters DRX Sleep state, its data service will be affected (because the UE does not
perform data service when it is in DRX Sleep state). Therefore, the impact on services
can be reduced if the ANR success rate is increased.

To improve the ANR success rate and reduce the impact on services, the UE selection
policy during the ANR detection process is design as follows:

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

1. The UE that reports unknown PCI is selected first to perform CGI measurement.

2. Only the edge UE is selected to perform CGI measurement.

eNodeB selects UE for CGI measurement according to the following conditions:

i. The UE which does not report Event A1

ii. The UE which report Event A2 (when UE report Event A2 measurement, Event
A1 measurement can be delivered. The UE reports A1 measurement result)

3. Only the UE with NGBR service is selected. The UE with GBR service is not
selected.

4. For non network sharing scenario, when performing CGI measurement, the UE
configured with si-requestforHO is selected. For network sharing scenario, or non
network sharing scenario, when UE does not support si-requestforHO, the
dedicated DRX configuration is dynamically adjusted when CGI measurement is
performed.

a) If the DRX configuration is not enabled, the dedicated DRX parameter for
re-configuration will be synchronized when the selected UE performs CGI
measurement.

When UE successfully detects CGI information, the dedicated DRX


configuration will be closed immediately;

When UE policy times out, after the timer expires, the dedicated DRX
configuration will be closed.

b) If the DRX configuration is enabled, the dedicated DRX parameter for


re-configuration will be also synchronized when the selected UE performs CGI
measurement.

If the UE measures CGI information successfully, the previous DRX


configuration will be restored immediately;

If UE policy times out, after the timer expires the DRX configuration is restored

5. Fast ANR function

, Refer to the following section.

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3.3.9 Intra-RAT Fast ANR

For intra-RAT fast ANR consists of intra-frequency fast ANR and inter-frequency ANR.

1. Fast ANR for intra-frequency neighbor cells: When a UE access or is handed over
to a cell, and the air interface measurement is re-configured for the first time, if the
fast ANR function is enabled, the ReportStrongestCells measurement will be also
delivered for measuring the PCI of the neighbor cell with strongest intra-frequency
RSRP.

2. Fast ANR for inter-frequency neighbor cells: After the A2 event is received from a
UE, if the fast ANR function is enabled, the ReportStrongestCells measurement will
be delivered for measuring the PCI of the neighbor cell with strongest
inter-frequency RSRP.

Compared with normal ANR, when fast ANR is enabled, the eNodeB delivers the
ReportStrongestCells measurement in advance so that the UE can detect the PCI of the
strongest neighbor cell before it arrives at the cell edge, and the neighbor detection
process is completed in advance.

For normal ANR, the eNodeB determines whether the PCI reported by the UE belongs to
an unknown neighbor cell only after receiving the A3/A5 (handover measurement report)
event, and then starts CGI measurement of the unknown neighbor cell.

3.3.10 Intra-RAT Mutual Neighbor Cell Configuration

The ANR flow can only detects one-way neighbor cell relations. To improve the neighbor
cell detection efficiency, the intra-RAT mutual neighbor cell configuration is used. For
inter-RAT mutual neighbor cell configuration, the unified network management is
required (the EMS needs to manage 4G, 3G, and 2G NEs), which is not described in this
document.

The mutual neighbor cell configuration can be performed from two levels:

1. Mutual neighbor cell configuration on the EMS level

2. Mutual neighbor cell configuration on the eNodeB level

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For the mutual neighbor cell configuration on the EMS level, after receiving a request for
adding a formal neighbor cell from an NE, the EMS determines whether to add a two-way
neighbor cell relation in accordance with the mutual neighbor cell configuration switch. If
the switch belong to neighbor cell is turned on, the EMS checks whether it is necessary
to perform mutual neighbor cell configuration. Otherwise, the EMS does not perform
mutual neighbor cell configuration.

For the mutual neighbor cell configuration on the eNodeB level, the eNodeB needs to
interact with the X2 interface. The local eNodeB obtains configuration information of all
serving cells and neighbor cells of an adjacent eNodeB by interacting with the X2
interface, so it knows whether the adjacent eNodeB configures it as a neighbor cell. If the
local eNodeB is configured as a neighbor cell of the adjacent eNodeB, but the local
eNodeB did not configure the adjacent cell as a neighbor cell, the local eNodeB performs
two-way cell addition process.

Note:

For the mutual neighbor cell configuration on the eNodeB level, this function is not
controlled by the mutual configuration switch to compensate the cross EMS scenario.
When eNodeB receives X2 interaction, the neighbor cells which meet the mutual
configuration condition will be added as temporary neighbor cell, and performs the
similar flow with that of ANR neighbor cell addition.

3.3.11 Termination of ANR Processing for Cell Measurement Frequency


Deletion

Inter-frequency or inter-RAT frequency is configured in the cell measurement


configuration to indicate the frequency used for ANR neighbor cell detection. Once a
measurement frequency used for ANR neighbor cell detection is deleted, the eNodeB
must immediately stop ANR neighbor cell detection on the deleted frequency during the
measurement frequency deletion procedure. In this way, the ANR can be prevented from
adding the neighbor cell of the deleted frequency.

Once the eNodeB receives a (intra-RAT or inter-RAT UTRAN) measurement


configuration deletion notification triggered by the database, the eNodeB checks all
temporary neighbor cells, and finds and deletes all the temporary neighbor cells of the
deleted frequency.

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In the inter-frequency or inter-RAT frequency measurement configuration, each


frequency has an ANR Frequency Switch. Once the Switch is 0 (close), the ANR feature
of the frequency needs to be disabled, and all the temporary neighbor cells of the
frequency need to be deleted.

3.3.12 Timing Neighbor Cell Detection/Removal

In the ANR process where neighbor cells are added or deleted, the addition or deletion
requests are processed in a preset time period, which can reduce the impact of ANR
Trap messages on the EMS, and reduce the number of times of database
synchronization. The time period can be set to night to avoid the peak time when the
EMS processes a lot of messages.

For "Report at appointed time", after the ANR feature is enabled, the ANR calculates the
specified point in time according to the eNodeB ID and the specified time configuration.
The statistical period timer is started from the specified point in time. Statistics is stopped
when the timer expires, no neighbor cells are added or deleted, and the timer of "Report
at appointed time" is started. Once the timer of "Report at appointed time" expires, the
algorithm for neighbor cells and the exchange process with the EMS are implemented.
Once the processing of "Report at appointed time" is finished, the next statistical period
timer is started immediately, and this is repeated on and on. Only one timer is applied
at each point in time.

Because algorithm processing needs time, the statistical period timer needs to be
stopped one minute earlier to reserve time for neighbor cell processing. The statistical
period cannot be an integer multiple of 24 hours. Otherwise, because neighbor cell
processing needs time, the specified point in time is missed after the statistical period is
finished, and the point in time has to be changed to the next day.

If the statistical period is shorter than 24 hours, neighbor cell statistics is stopped during
the interval between the time when the statistical period is finished and the specified time
of "Report at appointed time", and no ANR actively triggers the neighbor cell addition or
deletion process. The statistical period expires only once between the specified points
in time every day.

If the statistical period is an integer multiple of 24 hours, the timer of "Report at appointed
time" is started once the statistical period expires. The timer of "Report at appointed

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time" expires within a short time (one minute), and then the algorithm for neighbor cells
and the exchange process with the EMS are implemented. Once the processing is
finished, the next statistical period is started immediately.

If the statistical period is longer than 24 hours and is not an integer multiple of 24 hours,
neighbor cell statistics is stopped during the interval between the time when the statistical
period is finished and the specified time of "Report at appointed time", and no ANR
actively triggers the neighbor cell addition or deletion process. "Report at appointed time"
is not started within the 24 hours in the statistical period.

In the ANR statistical period or after the statistical period is finished and before the timer
of "Report at appointed time" expires, neighbor cell processing affects the algorithm
processing result. If a formal neighbor cell is deleted, the cell is deleted from the
statistical instances in the period. If a temporary neighbor cell is added as a formal
neighbor cell, the statistics on the neighbor cell is not cleared and the statistics is
continued.

At the point in time of "Report at appointed time", the ANR performs interleaved
processing for the neighbor cell relations of different serving cells according to their IDs.
For example, if neighbor cell relations of a serving cell are processed at the time of the
serving cell ID mod 36, the time when the neighbor cell relations of the last serving cell
are processed is the time of "Report at appointed time" plus 35 seconds. Because the
statistical period is started after the scheduled processing and expires one minute earlier,
the statistical period of neighbor cell relations can be completed before the next specified
point in time.

3.3.13 Auto-Update of Neighbor Cell Configuration

During ANR, if the neighbor cell information reported by UE measurement or obtained


from X2 interaction is not consistent with that configured on EMS, update the neighbor
cell configuration on EMS.

3.3.14 Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Carrier Sharing

This feature is used in LTE dedicated carrier sharing scenario, the network supports
detecting and adding missing neighboring cells through terminal measurements to
improve system handover performance.

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In 3GPP, PLMN information in Global eNB ID is defined the same as included in the
E-UTRAN Cell Global Identifier (ECGI). And ECGI is required the same as first PLMN in
SIB1. In LTE dedicated carrier sharing scenario, different cells in sharing eNodeB
correspond to different operator and different PLMN in SIB1, thus resulting in Global eNB
ID is not unique. Through ANR procedure detecting and adding missing neighboring cells
is not correct. This will result in wrong handover to target eNodeB/cell decision,
especially whether triggering intra-eNodeB or inter-eNodeB handover, and affect the
network performance.

, ZTE eNodeB support special solution for ANR problem in LTE dedicated carrier sharing
scenario. Through this special ANR solution, eNodeB can detect and add missing
neighboring cells correctly, to improve system handover performance.

eNodeB supports ANR in dedicated carrier sharing. In this scenario, if ANR is to be


enabled, to guarantee the ECGI information correct of unknown neighbor cell, operators
need to make sure that the Primary PLMNs of all the eNodeBs be the same and unique
in the dedicated carrier sharing areas. In addition, the mapping relationship between the
primary PLMN of each eNodeB and cell broadcast PLMN list is to be configured in the
dedicated carrier sharing areas.

If the neighbor cell is dedicated carrier sharing cell, and intra-ANR measures the CGI of
unknown neighbor cell, UE reports the ECGI of new neighbor cell to eNB, If the PLMN in
the reported ECGI is in broadcast PLMN list of dedicated carrier sharing region, it will be
replaced with the first PLMN of dedicated carrier sharing region due to the mapping
relations. The replaced PLMN will be used to add neighbor cell. Note that broadcasted
PLMN list of neighbor cell configuration is not replaced when new neighbor cell will be
added. Broadcasted PLMN list of neighbor cell configuration still uses the PLMN list
which is composed by PLMN in the reported ECGI and PLMN-IdentityList2. eNodeB can
obtain the primary PLMN of neighbor eNodeB according to the broadcast PLMN and
uses the primary PLMN to add neighbor cell.

This function can be controlled by PLMN replacement switch in dedicated carrier sharing.

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Figure 3-8 Dedicated Carrier Sharing

Shared eNodeB
PLMN A

Operator A
Carrier 1
PLMN B

Operator B
Carrier 2

3.3.15 Scene of Ran Share

There has the multi-PLMN scene of serving cell and neighbor cell which is called network
sharing scenario in the current network.

For non-network sharing scenario, when performing CGI measurement, the UE


configured with si-requestforHO is selected. If UE does not support si-requestforHO, the
dedicated DRX configuration is dynamically adjusted.

For network sharing scenario, in order to get the PLMN list, the dedicated DRX
configuration should be selected when CGI measurement is performed.

The parameter EUtranCellMeasurement.sceneOfRanShare is provided for users to


choose the network sharing scenario.

4 Engineering Guide

4.1 Related parameters

Table 4-1 Common Configuration Rule for ANR

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

SonPolicyAnr.Son Template [0..9999 unsigne


1 RDN
PolicyAnrId ID 99999] d long

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Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

SonControl.sonFu Service
2 Service Type [0..255] long 46
ncId Type

0: {Free
Mode},1
SonPolicyAnr.son :
3 Run Mode Run Mode N/A 0
RunMode {Controll
ed
Mode}

SonPolicyAnr.son ANR Refer ANR Refer Point


4 N/A N/A N/A
ReferPointPolicy Point Policy Policy

When an
unknown
neighbor cell is
detected, eNodeB
will select some
ANR UEs to measure
SonPolicyAnr.son Measure the neighbor cell's
[1..6553
5 MeasObjChoiceC Object CGI. This N/A 9
5]
ounter Choice parameter
Counter indicates the
maximum number
of allowed
measurements for
each detected
neighbor cell.

Maximum
This parameter
Number of
indicates the
Ues
SonPolicyAnr.anr maximum number [1..10]
6 Execute 1
MeasUeCnt of UEs chosen in
ECGI
each ECGI
Measureme
measurement.
nt

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

The
The Cell-Filtering same
algorithm will be as
Timer
executed after the The
Length for
statistic timer is Grade
ANR
SonPolicyAnr.stati timeout. This of
7 Temporary [1..255] 24
sticTimer parameter ANR
Neighbor
indicates the Statist
Cell
statistic timer ic
Statistic
length, default Timer
unit: hour. Lengt
h

0:
The Grade This parameter is {Hour},1
of ANR used to set the :
SonPolicyAnr.stati
8 Statistic grade of ANR {Minute} N/A 0
cTimerGrade
Timer Statistic Timer ,2:
Length Length. {Second
}

This parameter
indicates whether
the ANR Report at
Switch of
appointed time
ANR 0:{Close
SonPolicyAnr.anr function is open or
9 Report at },1:{Ope N/A 1
AppointRptSwch not. If the value is
Appointed n}
'Open', the
Time
function is open,
otherwise, the
function is close.

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Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

The parameter is
the start time of
ANR Report at
Start Time appointed time
SonPolicyAnr.anr of ANR function
10 AppointRptStartTi Report at configured by [1..20] N/A 00:00
me Appointed operator. ANR
Time NBR Add and Del
Process will
execute after start
time.

11 The parameter is
the end time of
ANR Report at
appointed time
function
End Time
configured by
SonPolicyAnr.anr of ANR
operator. After
AppointRptEndTi Report at [1..20] N/A 06:00
end time arrives,
me Appointed
ANR Report at
Time
appointed time
function will
execute reset and
start next process
period.

12 The process of
the scene that the
The Switch
handover results
of 0:
SonPolicyAnr.han between adjacent
Continuous {Close},
doverFailDetectS cells are 0
Handover 1:
wch continuously
Failure {Open}
failed is
Detection
determined by this
switch.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

13 There has further


The
treatment when
Threshold
the continuously
SonPolicyAnr.han of
failed times of [1..6553
doverFailNumThr Continuous 20
handover is equal 5]
d Handover
or more than the
Failure
value of this
Times
parameter.

14 If the number of
neighbor
relationships
which meet
self-add condition
is more than this
parameter, those
neighbor
relationships with
the max handover
The
success number
Maximum
will be added; If
SonPolicyAnr.nbr Number of
the number of [1..64] 4
AddCnt Neighbor
neighbor
Cell Added
relationships
Once
which meet
self-delete
condition is more
than this
parameter, those
neighbor
relationships with
the less handover
success number
will be deleted.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

15 This parameter
indicates the
period of
Redundanc
redundancy
y Neighbor
neighbor cell
SonPolicyAnr.red Cell
deletion. It's used [1..255] day 15
NclDelPrd Deletion
to control the time
Period
interval between
(day)
redundancy
neighbor cell
deletions.

Table 4-2 Intra-LTE ANR Configuration

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value

This parameter
indicates
whether the
intra-LTE ANR
0:{Disable
SonPolicyAnr.sonE Intra-LTE addition function
1 },1:{Enabl N/A 0
nableANR ANR Switch is supported or
e}
not. Close: not
supported;
Open:
supported;

When the rsrp of


LTE unknown
PCI exceeds
this threshold,
SonPolicyAnr.ltePci ltePciRsrpTh [0..97] dBm
2 ANR perform 35
RsrpThrd rd
ECGI
measurement
for the unknown
PCI.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
When the ANR
temporary cell is
added,the
eNodeB will
start a statistic
timer to count
MR times and
HO success
Neighbor times. After the
SonPolicyAnr.sonNbr [0..65535]
3 Cell Report statistic timer 10
ReportThreshold
Threshold is timeout, if the
MR times less
than this value,
the temporary
neighbor cell
cannot be added
to the formal
neighbor cell list.
unit: times
When the ANR
temporary cell is
added,the
eNodeB will
start a statistic
timer to count
MR times and
HO success
times. After the
Handover
SonPolicyAnr.sonHo statistic timer is [0..65535]
4 Success 7
SuccThreshold timeout, if the
Threshold
HO success
times less than
this value, the
temporary
neighbor cell
cannot be added
to the formal
neighbor cell list.
unit: times

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value

This parameter
indicates
whether the
intra-LTE
Intra-LTE centralized
Centralize neighbor cell
Neighbor relation
SonPolicyAnr.centr 0:Close,
5 Cell Relation bidirectional N/A 0
alizeTwoWayFlg 1: Open
Bidirectional configuration
Configuration function is
Switch supported or
not. Close: not
supported;
Open:
supported;
The Number of
The Adjacent Cells
Maximum which is
number of Intra-Frequency
SonPolicyAnr.maxI Adjacent cannot exceed
6 [1..64] N/A 64
ntraFNbrNum Cell Which the value of this
are parameter when
Intra-Freque the Intra-LTE
ncy in ANR has
Intra-LTE opened.
The Number of
The Adjacent Cells
Maximum which is
number of Inter-Frequency
SonPolicyAnr.maxI Adjacent cannot exceed
7 [1..128] N/A 128
nterFNbrNum Cell Which the value of this
are parameter when
Inter-Freque the Intra-LTE
ncy in ANR has
Intra-LTE opened.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
This parameter
indicates
handover
success rate
threshold for
intra-frequency
neighbor cell
SonPolicyAnr.intraF
addition. Only [0..10000 0.01
8 reqHoSuccRateThr 9800
the neighbor cell ] step 1 %
d
Handover whose handover
Success success rate is
Rate higher than or
Threshold for equal to this
Intra-Freque threshold can be
ncy Neighbor added to formal
Cell Addition neighbor cell list.
This parameter
indicates
handover
success rate
threshold for
inter-frequency
neighbor cell
SonPolicyAnr.interF
addition. Only [0..10000 0.01
9 reqHoSuccRateThr 9800
the neighbor cell ] step 1 %
d
Handover whose handover
Success success rate is
Rate higher than or
Threshold for equal to this
Inter-Freque threshold can be
ncy Neighbor added to formal
Cell Addition neighbor cell list.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
The process of
the scene that
the success rate
SonPolicyAnr.lowH The Switch of of handover
0:{Close},
10 oSuccRateDetectS Low results between N/A 0
1:{Open}
wch Handover adjacent cells is
Success in low level is
Rate determined by
Detection this switch.
The
This parameter sam
is used to e as
control the time The
interval between Grad
SonPolicyAnr.lowH formal NBR low e of
11 oSuccRateDetectP The Period of handover [1..255] ANR 24
eriod Low success rate Stati
Handover detections. The stic
Success unit is due to Time
Rate Formal StatisticTimerGr r
NBR ade. Leng
Detection th

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
A formal NBR
will be detected
as low handover
success rate
NBR if the
handover times
is larger than or
equal to this
SonPolicyAnr.hoNu parameter and
[1..65535] 50
12 mThrdForLowHOR the handover
ate Handover success rate is
Times lower than or
Threshold of equal to the
Low "Handover
Handover Success Rate
Success Threshold of
Rate Formal Low Handover
NBR Success Rate
Detection NBR Detection".
This parameter
is used to
control the time
interval between
SonPolicyAnr.tmpLow The Period of temporary NBR
[1..255]
13 HoSuccRateDetPerio Low low handover 24
d Handover success rate
Success detections. The
Rate Temp unit is due to
NBR StatisticTimerGr
Detection ade.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
A temporary
NBR will be
detected as low
handover
success rate
NBR if the
handover times
is larger than or
equal to this
SonPolicyAnr.tmpHo
parameter and [1..65535]
14 NumThrdForLowHOR 200
the handover
ate
Handover success rate is
Times lower than or
Threshold of equal to the
Low "Handover
Handover Success Rate
Success Threshold of
Rate Temp Low Handover
NBR Success Rate
Detection NBR Detection".

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
The neighbor
cell will be
detected as low
handover
success rate
NBR if the
handover times
is larger than or
equal to
"Handover
SonPolicyAnr.lowHoS [0..10000 0.01
15 Times Threshold 8000
uccRateDetectThrd ] step 1 %
of Low
Handover Handover
Success Success Rate
Rate NBR Detection"
Threshold of and the
Low handover
Handover success rate is
Success lower than or
Rate NBR equal to this
Detection parameter.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
The low
handover
success rate
neighbor cell will
be recovered if
the
handover times
is larger than or
equal to
SonPolicyAnr.lowHoS "Handover [0..10000 0.01
16 9000
uccRateRecoverThrd Times Threshold ] step 1 %
Handover of Low
Success Handover
Rate Success Rate
Threshold of NBR Detection"
Low and the
Handover handover
Success success rate is
Rate NBR higher than this
Recovery parameter.
This parameter
indicates the
time length for
forbidding
handover on
SonPolicyAnr.noH [1..255]
17 Low Handover 24
oPunishTimer
Punish Timer Success Rate
of Low NBR. The unit is
Handover due to
Success StatisticTimerGr
Rate NBR ade.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
When the
number of one
NBR has been
detected as Low
Handover
Success Rate
NBR reaches
SonPolicyAnr.noHoP [1..255]
18 this threshold, 3
unishNumThrd
Punish the NBR can't
Times be automatically
Threshold of recovered from
Low the list of Low
Handover Handover
Success Success Rate
Rate NBR NBR.
The process of
the scene that
there is no
SonPolicyAnr.long handover
0:{Close},
19 PeriodHoDetectS between N/A 0
1:{Open}
wch The Switch of adjacent cells in
Long Period long period is
No Handover determined by
Detection this switch.
The
sam
e as
This parameter The
is used to Grad
SonPolicyAnr.long control the time e of
20 PeriodHoDetectPe interval between [1..255] ANR 72
riod long period no Stati
handover stic
The Period of deletion. Time
Long Period r
no handover Leng
Detection th

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter Parameter Range Default


SN Parameter name Unit
panel name explanation value value
This parameter
indicates the
handover
number
threshold of long
period no
handover
SonPolicyAnr.longPer detection. In the [1..65535
21 N/A 3
iodHoNumThrd detection period, ]
if the number of
handover is
The Number below this
Threshold of threshold, the
Long Period NBR will be
No Handover deleted from
Detection formal NBR list.
The process of
The Switch of the deletion of
SonPolicyAnr.lteRe the deletion redundancy 0:{Close},
22 N/A 0
dNrDelSwch of adjacent cells is 1:{Open}
Redundancy determined by
Adjacent Cell this switch.
23 The switch 0:{Close},
controls whether Allowed
intra-eNB NBR to Delete
can be deleted. Intra-
If the switch is eNB NBR
SonPolicyAnr.intra
close, intra-eNB 1:{Open} N/A 0
EnbNBRDelSwch
The Switch of NBR can be Not
Intra-eNB deleted; If the Allowed
Neighbor switch is open, to Delete
Cell delete intra-eNB NBR Intra-
Switch can't be deleted; eNB NBR
24 Control ANR Control ANR
SonPolicyAnr.enabl 0:No,
Switch by Switch by N/A 0
eShAnr 1:Yes
Self-healing Self-healing

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Table 4-3 Inter-RAT GERAN ANR Configuration

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

This parameter
indicates whether
the inter-system
Inter-Syste
GSM ANR 0:{Close
SonPolicyAnr.son m GERAN
1 addition function },1:{Ope N/A 0
EnableGsmANR ANR
is supported or n}
Switch
not. Close: not
supported; Open:
supported;

When the rsrp of


GERAN unknown
GERAN
PCI exceeds this
SonPolicyAnr.ger Unknown [0..63] dBm
2 threshold, ANR 5
anPciRssiThrd PCI RSSI
perform ECGI
Threshold
measurement for
the unknown PCI.
The Number of
The Adjacent Cells
Maximum cannot exceed the
SonPolicyAnr.ma number of value of this
3 [1..64] N/A 64
xGsmNbrNum Adjacent parameter when
Cells in the Inter-System
Inter-Syste GERAN ANR has
m GERAN opened.
Handover
Success Handover
Rate Success Rate
SonPolicyAnr.ger [0..1000
Threshold Threshold for
4 anHoSuccRateTh 0] step 0.01% 9500
for GERAN GERAN Neighbor
rd 1
Neighbor Cell Addition
Cell
Addition

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

The Switch The process of


of the the deletion of
deletion of redundancy
Redundan adjacent cells in 0:{Clos
SonPolicyAnr.gs
5 cy Inter-system e},1:{Op N/A 0
mRedNrDelSwch
Adjacent GERAN is en}
Cell in determined by this
Inter-syste switch.
m GERAN

Table 4-4 Inter-RAT UTRAN ANR Configuration

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

This parameter
indicates whether
the inter-system
Inter-Syste
UTRA ANR 0:{Close
SonPolicyAnr.son m UTRAN
1 function is },1:{Ope N/A 0
EnableUtraANR ANR
supported or not. n}
Switch
Close: not
supported; Open:
supported;

When the rsrp of


UTRAN unknown
UTRAN
PCI exceeds this
SonPolicyAnr.utra Unknown dBm 15
2 threshold, ANR
nPciRscpThrd PCI RSCP
perform ECGI
Threshold
measurement for
the unknown PCI.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name
The Number of
The Adjacent Cells
Maximum cannot exceed the
SonPolicyAnr.ma number of value of this
3 [1..64] N/A 64
xUtranNbrNum Adjacent parameter when
Cells in the Inter-System
Inter-Syste UTRAN ANR has
m UTRAN opened.
This parameter
indicates
handover success
rate threshold for
UTRAN neighbor
cell addition. Only
[0..1000
SonPolicyAnr.utran Handover the neighbor cell
4 0] step 0.01% 9500
HoSuccRateThrd Success whose handover
1
Rate success rate is
Threshold higher than or
for UTRAN equal to this
Neighbor threshold can be
Cell added to formal
Addition neighbor cell list.
The Switch The process of
of the the deletion of
deletion of redundancy
0:{Clos
SonPolicyAnr.utra Redundanc adjacent cells in
5 e},1:{Op N/A 0
nRedNrDelSwch y Adjacent Inter-system
en}
Cell in UTRAN is
Inter-syste determined by this
m UTRAN switch.

Table 4-5 Parameters of Previous Version (out of use)

Parameter
Parameter Range Default
SN Parameter name panel Unit
explanation value value
name

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

Minimum DRX
cycle needed for
CGI
SonPolicyAnr.son ANR Min measurement, if [0..6553
1 N/A 150
MinDRXCycle DRX Cycle shorter than this 5]
value, UE may
have no enough
time to read CGI.

This parameter
indicates whether
the intra-LTE ANR
Intra-LTE
self-delete
SonPolicyAnr.son ANR 0:Close,
2 function is N/A 0
EnableNbrDel Self-Delete 1: Open
supported or not.
Switch
Close: not
supported; Open:
supported;

This parameter
indicates whether
the inter-system
Inter-Syste
GSM ANR
SonPolicyAnr.son m GERAN
self-delete 0:Close,
3 EnableGsmNbrDe ANR N/A 0
function is 1: Open
l Self-Delete
supported or not.
Switch
Close: not
supported; Open:
supported;

This parameter
indicates whether
the inter-system
Inter-Syste
UTRA ANR
m UTRAN
SonPolicyAnr.son self-delete 0:Close,
4 ANR N/A 0
EnableUtraNbrDel function is 1: Open
Self-Delete
supported or not.
Switch
Close: not
supported; Open:
supported;

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

This parameter
indicates whether
Intra-LTE the intra-LTE
Neighbor neighbor cell
Cell relation
SonPolicyAnr.twoW Relation bidirectional 0:Close,
5 N/A 0
ayFlg Bidirectiona configuration 1: Open
l function is
Configurati supported or not.
on Switch Close: not
supported;
Open: supported;

This parameter
HO Times indicates HO
Threshold times threshold
SonPolicyAnr.hoT [1..6553
6 to Modify that is used to N/A 50
imesThreshold 5]
NoHO modify the NoHO
Attribute attribute of
neighbor cell.

This parameter
HO Failure
indicates HO
Ratio
failure ratio
SonPolicyAnr.hoF Threshold
7 threshold that is [0..100] N/A 80
ailureRatio to Modify
used to modify the
NoHO
NoHO attribute of
Attribute(%)
neighbor cell

This parameter
indicates whether
the inter-system
Inter-Syste
CDMA ANR
SonPolicyAnr.ena m CDMA 0:Close,
8 function is N/A 0
bleCdmaANR ANR 1: Open
supported or not.
Switch
Close: not
supported; Open:
supported;

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

This parameter
indicates whether
the inter-system
Inter-Syste
CDMA ANR
m CDMA
SonPolicyAnr.ena self-delete 0:Close,
9 ANR N/A 0
bleCdmaNbrDel function is 1: Open
Self-Delete
supported or not.
Switch
Close: not
supported; Open:
supported;

The
This parameter
Number of
indicates the
Neighbor
SonPolicyAnr.self number of
Cell to
10 DeleteNbrCellThr neighbor cell that [1..32] N/A 30
Trigger
d is used to trigger
ANR
ANR self-delete
Self-Delete
function.
Function

When the
neighbor cell is
reach the ANR
Timer
self delete
Length for
threshold, the
ANR Self
SonPolicyAnr.self eNodeB will start
11 Delete [1..255] N/A 24
DelStatisticTimer a statistic timer to
Neighbor
count MR times.
Cell
This parameter
Statistic
indicates the
statistic timer
length, unit: hour.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

After ANR
self-delete
statistic timer is
timeout, only
The Total
when the total HO
HO
counter of the
Counter
neighbor
SonPolicyAnr.nbr Threshold [1..6553
12 relationship is less N/A 3
DelHoCntThrd for 5]
than this
Neighbor
threshold, the
Cell
corresponding
Deleted
neighbor
relationship is
allowed to be
deleted.

This parameter
indicates the
maximum number
of neighbor
relationships to be
deleted after ANR
self-delete
statistic timer is
The timeout. If the
Maximum number of
Number of neighbor
SonPolicyAnr.nbr
13 Neighbor relationships [1..8] N/A 4
DelCnt
Cell which meet
Deleted self-delete
Once condition is more
than this
parameter, those
neighbor
relationships
whose MR report
number is the
minimum will be
deleted.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

This parameter
indicates whether
Switch of open Nbr Cell
Nbr Cell Handover
SonPolicyAnr.ena Handover Success Rate 0:Close,
14 N/A 0
bleNoHoMod Success Detection function 1:Open
Rate or not. Close:
Detection close function;
Open: open
function;

When the Nbr Cell


Handover
Success Rate
Detection
Function is open,
the eNodeB will
start a statistic
timer to count the
total HO counter
and HO Failure
rate. If the total
Timer
HO counter and
Length for
HO failure rate
Nbr Cell
SonPolicyAnr.noH meet the low
15 Handover [1..255] N/A 24
oStatisticTimer handover success
Success
rate condition in
Rate
the statistic
Detection
period, the
eNodeB will notify
OMC this
detection result,
and deal with it.
This parameter
indicates the
statistic timer
length, and the
unit is up to
staticTimerGrade

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

This parameter
indicates whether
the ANR
self-Learn
SonPolicyAnr.self Self Learn function is open or 0:Close,
16 N/A 0
LearnSwch Switch not. If the value is 1:Open
'Open', the
function is open,
otherwise, the
function is close
This parameter
indicates the
Operation
operation could 0:{Modif
Adopt After
be choose when y
Nbr Cell
Nbr cell handover NoHo},1
SonPolicyAnr.ope Low
17 Success Rate :{Initiate N/A 0
rLowHoSuccRate Handover
become low, PCI
Success
which are modify Detectio
Rate
NoHO and initiate n on Uu}
Detected
PCI detection on
Uu.
The parameter
indicates the
switch of ANR for
PICO Neighbor
Switch of
Cell Relation. 0:{Close
ANR for
SonPolicyAnr.pico When the switch },1:{Ope
18 PICO 0
NbrANRSwch is open, The eNB n}
Neighbor
can handle pico
Cell
neighbor cell
relation self-add
and
self-organization.

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

The parameter
indicates the
statistic timer
PICO
length for deleting
Neighbor
the pico neighbor
SonPolicyAnr.picoD Cell Delete
19 cell relation added [1..255] 2
elStatTimerLen Statistic
by SON ANR. Its
Timer
unit is specified by
Length
the
staticTimerGrade
in SonPolicyAnr.

Table 4-6 about the RSCP

Parameter name Range Formula Unit Default Display


value value value

ltePciRsrpThrd [0..97] y=x-140,x=y+140 dBm 35 -105

UTRAN Unknown PCI [0..96] y=x-120,x=y+120 dBm 15 -105


RSCP Threshold

GERAN Unknown PCI [0..63] y=x-110,x=y+110 dBm 5 -105


RSSI Threshold

4.2 Related Counters, KPI and Alarms

4.2.1 Related Counters

Table 4-7 Related Counters

SN Counter Description

1 C373474920 Number of Different Detect Cell intra RAT

2 C373474921 Number of Report Detect Cell intra RAT

3 C373474922 Number of ReportCGI by UE intra RAT

4 C373474923 Number of ReportCGI by Period intra RAT

5 C373474924 Number of Successful ReportCGI by Period


intra RAT

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

SN Counter Description

6 C373474925 Number of Report Neighbor Relation


Addition to OMC intra RAT

7 C373474942 Number of Different Detect Cell between LTE


and UTRAN

8 C373474943 Number of Report Detect Cell between LTE


and UTRAN

9 C373474944 Number of ReportCGI by UE between LTE


and UTRAN

10 C373474945 Number of ReportCGI by Period between


LTE and UTRAN

11 C373474946 Number of Successful ReportCGI by Period


between LTE and UTRAN

12 C373474947 Number of Report Neighbor Relation


Addition to OMC between LTE and UTRAN

13 C373474954 Number of Different Detect Cell between LTE


and GSM

14 C373474955 Number of Report Detect Cell between LTE


and GSM

15 C373474956 Number of ReportCGI by UE between LTE


and GSM

16 C373474957 Number of ReportCGI by Period between


LTE and GSM

17 C373474958 Number of Successful ReportCGI by Period


between LTE and GSM

18 C373474959 Number of Report Neighbor Relation


Addition to OMC between LTE and GSM

19 C373474963 Number of Report Neighbor Relation


Deletion to OMC intra RAT

20 C373474968 Number of Report Neighbor Relation


Deletion to OMC between LTE and UTRAN

21 C373474978 Number of Report Neighbor Relation


Deletion to OMC between LTE and GSM

22 C373990492 The total number of request that removing


redundancy adjacent LTE cell.

23 C373990493 The total number of removing redundancy

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

SN Counter Description
adjacent LTE cell successfully.

24 C373990494 The total number of request that removing


redundancy adjacent UTRAN cell.

25 C373990495 The total number of removing redundancy


adjacent UTRAN cell successfully

26 C373990496 The total number of request that removing


redundancy adjacent GSM cell.

27 C373990497 The total number of removing redundancy


adjacent GSM cell successfully.

4.2.2 Related KPIs

None

4.2.3 Related Alarms

None

4.3 Application Scenarios (V3.30.20)

4.3.1 Hardware Requirements

No special requirements

4.3.2 EPC Requirements

EPC supporting UE can be attached, and no special requirements

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ZTE LTE FDD ANR Feature Guide

4.3.3 Frequency Band, Frequency and Bandwidth Requirements of


Frequency Carrier

UE can be attached, and UE can support three different inter-RAT or intra-RAT


inter-frequency. If three more frequencies are configured, the UE cannot measure some
CGI.

4.3.4 UE Requirement

UE capability requirements for ANR function are listed in the table below.

Table 4-8 UE Capability Requirements

ANR Type UE Capability Requirements


th
Intra-frequency ANR The fifth bit (support long DRX) and the 17 bit (support ANR
intra-frequency measurement report) of
featureGroupIndicators in the UE capability information are 1.
th
Inter-frequency ANR The fifth bit (support long DRX), the 18 bit (support ANR
th
inter-frequency measurement report), and the 25 bit (support
inter-frequency measurement report) of
featureGroupIndicators in the UE capability information are 1.
th
Inter-RAT UTRAN The fifth bit (support long DRX), the 19 bit (support ANR
nd
ANR inter-RAT measurement report), and the 22 bit (support
UTRAN B2 event measurement report) of
featureGroupIndicators in the UE capability information are 1.
If the unknown neighboring cell is a UTRA FDD cell, and the
UE capability information includes the fields:
UE-EUTRA-Capability > inter-RAT-Parameters > utraFDD,
and supports the frequency band where the cell with unknown
PCI is located. If the unknown neighboring cell is a UTRA
TDD cell, and the UE capability information includes the fields:
UE-EUTRA-Capability > interRAT-Parameters > utraTDD,
and supports the frequency band where the cell with unknown
PCI is located.
th
Inter-RAT GSM ANR The fifth bit (support long DRX), the 19 bit (support ANR
rd
inter-RAT measurement report), and the 23 bit (support
GERAN B2 event measurement report) of
featureGroupIndicators in the UE capability information are 1.

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ANR Type UE Capability Requirements


The UE capability information includes the fields:
UE-EUTRA-Capability > interRAT-Parameters > geran, and
supports the frequency band where the cell with unknown PCI
is located.

Table 4-9 FDD UEs Supporting ANR.

UE Model Support for ANR

MF880+ The MF880+ of version 4.0 or later supports intra-RAT ANR and
inter-RAT UTRAN ANR.

FFA8960 The FFA8960 of version 4.0 or later supports intra-RAT ANR and
inter-RAT UTRAN ANR.

4.3.5 Transmission Bandwidth Requirements

No special requirements

4.4 Parameter Configuration Procedure

In the SON Policy Template Policy Tree, there is a list of TDD/FDD product policy
configuration interface menu. For FDD mode, double-click the [LTE FDD] different menu
and enter the relevant FDD product SON parameter configuration interfaces.

Note:

The configurations for TDD and FDD are the same, and the document introduces the
SON policy configuration of FDD product.

4.4.1 Enabling the Feature

4.4.1.1 Configuring the ANR Enable Switch

In the main window of the EMS, click Configuration ->SON Management, see Figure
4-1. The SON Management Tree dialog box is displayed, see Figure 4-2.

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Figure 4-1 SON Management

Figure 4-2 SON Management Tree

In SON Management Tree window, double-click SON Policy Set, The SON Policy
Template is displayed.

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Figure 4-3 SON Policy Set

In the Policy Tree, double click FDD SON Control, the FDD SON Control window is
displayed as shown in figure below.

Figure 4-4 SON Control

In the FDD SON Control, click ,pop-up the FDD SON Control interface, set Service
Type as ANR, Service Switch as Open as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 4-5 Create the SON ANR Control

Click the new SON control, and then click (Set) on the toolbar, see Figure 4-6. The

Set page is displayed. Set the eNodeB on which the SON control is to take effect and
click OK, see Figure 4-7. After the ANR enable switch is sent to the eNodeB successfully,
Succeed is displayed in the Result column, see Figure 4-8.

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Figure 4-6 Select ANR Enable Record

Figure 4-7 Relating ANR with the eNodeB

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Figure 4-8 ANR Enable Switch Sent Successfully

4.4.1.2 Configuring the ANR Policy

In SON Policy Set, double-click FDD ANR Policy. The FDD ANR Policy tab is displayed
in the right pane, see the figure below

Figure 4-9 ANR Policy

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Click (Create Policy Template) on the toolbar. The FDD ANR Policy dialog box is

displayed, see the figure below. Set the required parameters, and click OK.

Figure 4-10 ANR Policy

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Figure 4-11 SON Refer Point Attribute Table

Figure 4-12 SON ANR Policy is created

Click the new ANR policy, and then click (Set) on the toolbar. The Set dialog box is

displayed. If the ANR policy parameter template needs to be associated to the eNodeB
which the ANR policy is to take effect, select the eNodeB to be associated, see Figure
4-13. If the ANR policy parameter template needs to be associated to the cell which the
ANR policy is to take effect, select the cell to be associated, see Figure 4-14; Then click

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OK, After the ANR policy is successfully configured, Success is displayed in the Result
column, see Figure4-15 . When there are eNodeB policy and Cell policy, Cell policy is
effect (Note: redundant Neighbor Cell self-delete function only supports eNodeB policy).

Figure 4-13 Relating the ANR Policy to the eNodeBs

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Figure 4-14 Relating the ANR Policy to Cells

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Figure 4-15 ANR Policy Sent Successfully

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4.4.1.3 Configuring Intra-LTE Neighbor Cell Relation Bidirectional

Figure 4-16 Configuring Intra-LTE Neighbor Cell Relation Bidirectional

4.4.1.4 Configuring Low Handover Success Rate

The configuration of Low Handover Success Rate involves many parameters as shown
in the picture below.

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Figure 4-17 Configuring Low Handover Success Rate

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4.4.1.5 Configuring Long Period No Handover Detection

Figure 4-18 Configuring Long Period No Handover Detection

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4.4.1.6 Configuring of Continuous Handover Failure Detection

Figure 4-19 Configuring of Continuous Handover Failure Detection

4.4.1.7 Configuring of Redundancy Neighbor Cell Deletion

Redundancy Neighbor Cell Deletion needs two steps. One is to set the period, and the
other is set the switch

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Figure 4-20 Configuring of Redundancy Neighbor Cell Deletion Period

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Figure 4-21 Configuring of Redundancy Neighbor Cell Deletion Switch

4.4.2 Other Related Parameter Configuration

4.4.2.1 Configure Measurement Parameter

In the NE Management tab, double-click E-UTRAN FDD Cell->Measurement


Parameter, enter Measurement Parameter tab.

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Figure 4-22 Measurement Parameter

If the intra-LTE ANR function is enabled and the inter-frequency ANR addition function
needs to be performed, then you need to configure the Inter-Frequency Number
parameter on the page, which indicates the number of inter-frequency frequencies. Then
click after the inter-Frequency Measurement Configuration parameter. In the
displayed Inter-Frequency Measurement Configuration dialog box, configure the
inter-frequency ANR frequencies to be measured. Otherwise, you do not need to
configure the inter-frequency ANR frequencies.

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Figure 4-23 Inter-Frequency Measurement Configuration

If the Inter-System GSM ANR Switch is Open, you need to configure the GSM
frequencies to be measured. Configure the GERAN-Frequency Number parameter on
the page, which indicates the number of GSM frequencies, and then click after the
GERAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration parameter. In the displayed
GERAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration dialog box, configure GSM frequency
information on the GERAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration page and make sure
the GERAN Frequency ANR Indicator is Enable[1].

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Figure 4-24 GERAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration

If Inter-System UTRAN ANR Switch is Open, you need to configure the UTRAN ANR
frequencies to be measured. Configure the UTRAN-Frequency Number parameter on
the page, which indicates the number of UTRAN frequencies, and then click after
the UTRAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration parameter. In the displayed
UTRAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration dialog box, configure UTRAN frequency
information on the UTRAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration page and make sure
the UTRAN Frequency ANR Indicator is Enable[1].

Figure 4-25 UTRAN-Frequency Measurement Configuration

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4.4.3 Disabling the ANR Function

Select an ANR policy on the FDD SON Control page and click to display a new
FDD SON Control page; Then set Service Switch as Close. Send the new ANR policy to
the eNodeB which need to disable ANR function.

Or click on the FDD ANR Policy page to display a new FDD ANR Policy dialog
box. Then set the ANR Enable parameter to Disable, and send the new ANR policy to
eNodeB or cell which needs to disable the ANR function.

4.4.4 Configuring Fast ANR Feature

Fast ANR feature switch is used to control the open for fast ANR feature of the eNodeB.
The feature switch is configured as shown in Figure 4-26. Periodic ANR switch are the
same as intra-frequency and inter-frequency ANR switch.

Figure 4-26 Fast ANR Feature Switch

4.4.5 Low Handover Success Rate Neighbor Cell Management

If a neighbor relation configuration is not appropriate, or the neighbor cell parameters


(like PCI) are not reasonable. When such a neighbor cell is regarded as the target cell, it
will lead to the increase of handover failure rate, which affects the KPI index of the

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system. In order to solve the problem, this function is added. Figure4-27 shows how to
enable this function. Figure4-28 and Figure4-29 is a specific example.

Figure 4-27 Low Handover Success Rate

Figure 4-28 Example of Low Handover Success Rate (1)

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Figure 4-29 Example of Low Handover Success Rate (2)

4.4.6 Master model operation

1. Open Parameter Default Value Management

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Figure 4-30 Operation of Parameter Default Value Management

2. The interface of Parameter Default Value Management as Figure 4-31

Figure 4-31 Interface of Parameter Default Value Management

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3. Download master file, click customize parameter default value then click browse,
to select file T1-Master-Default-MOC.xml. As Figure 4-32.

Figure 4-32 Customize Parameter Default Value

4. Click import to import the file. If this operation is success, please close the
interface, and open Parameter Default Value Management.

5. Select a specific NE, click to back up data before restoring parameter default value.
Then you can choose a record to compare the different between default parameter
and current parameter.

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Figure 4-33 Backup Data before Restoring Parameter Default Value

Figure 4-34 Result of Backup

Click restore parameter default value forcedly. This operation has two steps. One step
is to backup, another step is to restore parameter default value.

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Figure 4-35 restore parameter default value forcedly

Figure 4-36 The result

4.4.7 Configuring Dedicated Carrier Mode

Serving Cell A, Radio Parameter->LTE TDD/FDD, select PLMN List for RAN Share
Area In Dedicated Carrier Mode, configure the Broadcat PLMN and Primary PLMN.

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Then Global Switch->Ran Sharing Switch,select RAN Dedicated Carrier Mode.


Global Switch->Switch for Replacing PLMN in RAN Share Area In Dedicated
Carrier Mode,selectopen.

Neighbor Cell B, Global Switch->Ran Sharing Switch,select RAN Dedicated Carrier


Mode.

Figure 4-37 select PLMN List for RAN Share Area In Dedicated Carrier Mode

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Figure 4-38 configure the Broadcat PLMN and Primary PLMN

Figure 4-39 Ran Sharing Switch

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Figure 4-40 Switch for Replacing PLMN in RAN Share Area In Dedicated Carrier Mode

4.4.8 Configuring Scene of Ran Share

This configuration only adapts to SON function. The different scenarios have different
choices of ran share as described as follows:

0: {Single-PLMN Intra-LTE RAN and Single-PLMN Inter-RAT RAN},

Scenario: there are no Ran sharing in living network

Impact: the measurement report only contains the main PLMN

1: {Multi-PLMN Intra-LTE RAN and Single-PLMN Inter-RAT RAN},

Scenario the Ran sharing only used in the intra-LTE system and the inter-RAT no
Ran sharing

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Impact: the measurement report contains the PLMN list in the intra-LTE and the
measurement report only contains main PLMN in the inter-system

2: {Single-PLMN Intra-LTE RAN and Multi-PLMN Inter-RAT RAN}

Scenario: the Ran sharing only used in inter-RAT and the intra-LTE no Ran sharing

Impact: the measurement report only contains main PLMN in the intra-LTE and the
measurement report contains the PLMN list in the inter-system

3: {Multi-PLMN Intra-LTE RAN and Multi-PLMN Inter-RAT RAN}

Scenario the Ran sharing is used in the inter-RAT and the intra-LTE

Impact: the measurement report contains PLMN list in the intra-LTE & inter-RAT

The operation is as follows:

Select Measurement Parameter->Select a row, and then double-click this row, select
Scene Of Ran Share to modify the configuration. See the figure below.

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Figure 4-41 Scene of Ran Share

Figure 4-42 Scene of Ran Share Choice

4.4.9 Configuring Project Parameter

The Project Parameter is important for some functions, such as PCI, Low Handover
Success Rate. For example, The Project Parameters include eNodeB Longitude Value

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range and eNodeB Latitude Value range. The two parameters could calculate the
distance between source cell and target cell of Low Handover Success Rate.

The operation is as follows:

1. Select Project Parameter Management;

2. Export Empty Template;

3. Input information in Empty Template;

4. Import Project Parameter.

Figure 4-43 Select Project Parameter Management

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Figure 4-44 Export Empty Template

Figure 4-45 Empty Template Display

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Figure 4-46 Import Project Parameter

5 Impact on Network
Impact on Equipment Performance

None

Impact on Network KPIs

Advantages of this feature:

After enabling ANR, the missing neighbor cell can be detected and added, which could
improve handover success rate and reduce user drop call rate. In addition, neighbor cell
configuration can be optimized according to neighbor cell handover performance, which
can save human resource investment.

Disadvantages of this feature:

None

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6 Feature Validation

6.1 Intra-Frequency ANR

6.1.1 Topology

The figure below shows the test environment.

Figure 6-1 Test Environment for Intra-LTE ANR

E-UTRAN Backhaul EPC Service Application

VoD VoIP Mobile TV


FDD RRU

Antenna xPON
AAA DHCP DNS
eNodeB Operator provides
FDD RRU services
MPLS

PSTN
Antenna

eNodeB PDH/SDH HSS


Terminal Firewall
FDD RRU
Enterprise
Metro Ethernet VPN
Antenna
eNodeB
Microwave

NetNumen M31
Internet

The table below shows the devices needed for the test.

Table 6-1 Intra-LTE ANR Test Devices

No. Device Remarks


Name

1 eNodeB Three.

2 UE One. The UE should support the ANR function, namely, the


fifth bit (support long DRX) of featureGroupIndicators in the
UE capability information is 1. If intra-LTE intra-frequency
th
ANR is also tested, the 17 bit (support ANR intra-frequency
measurement report) of featureGroupIndicators should be 1.

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No. Device Remarks


Name
th
If intra-LTE inter-frequency ANR is also tested, the 18 bit
(support ANR inter-frequency measurement report), and the
th
25 bit (support inter-frequency measurement report) should
be 1.

3 MME One

4 PDN server One

6.1.2 Test Specification

The table shows the test specification for intra-frequency ANR feature

Table 6-2 Intra-Frequency ANR Test

Test item Intra-Frequency ANR Test

Feature ID ZLF33-01-022

Purpose Verify that the Intra-Frequency ANR function is normal.

1. The cell1 belongs to eNodeB, cell2 belongs to eNodeB2, and cell3


belongs to eNodeB3 are established successfully and work normally.
Cell1 and cell2 are not configured as neighbor cells. Cell1 and cell3
are configured as neighbor cells.
Prerequisite
2.The center frequency of cell1, cell2 and cell3 are same.
3. The log tools of the eNodeBs and UE are opened and operate
properly.
4. The UE supports the intra-frequency ANR function.

Step Expected step result

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Configure the parameters such


as ANR switch and policy and
then synchronize the data to
test eNodeBs.
Note:
Configure the Intra-LTE ANR
Switch and Intra-LTE ANR
Self-Delete Switch to Open. The ANR switch and policy are configured
1 Configure the parameter The successfully and delivered to eNodeB1,
Number of Neighbor Cell to eNodeB2 and eNodeB3.
Trigger ANR Self-Delete
Function to 1.
Configure the parameter The
Maximum number of Adjacent
Cells which are Intra-Frequency
in Intra-LTE to 1.

Place the UE in Cell1, and


2 The UE accesses Cell1 successfully.
attach it to Cell1.

Check the ANR flow in the SON Monitor.


1. Cell2 is added as a neighboring cell of
cell1.
Move the UE between Cell1 2. The formal neighbor cell cell3 is deleted
3
and Cell2. successfully.
3. UE is handover between cell1 to cell2
successfully.

In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of


temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR adding conditions, the
neighbor cell is added to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
Expected statistical period end.
Result In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of
temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR deleting conditions, the
neighbor cell is deleted to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
statistical period end.

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6.1.3 Test Result

Check the ANR addition test result by SON Monitor, as shown in the figure below. The
cell with cell ID 74 is added as formal neighbor cell. The number of handover success is
1, and the number of measurement report is 1.

Figure 6-2 The Intra-Frequency ANR Addition Test Result

Check the ANR removal test result by SON Monitor, as shown in the figure below. The
cell with cell ID 126 is deleted successfully. The number of handover success is 0, and
the number of measurement report is 0.

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Figure 6-3 Intra-Frequency ANR Removal Test Result

6.2 Inter-Frequency ANR

6.2.1 Topology

Refer to Section 6.1.1 Topology.

6.2.2 Test Specification

The table shows the test specification for inter-frequency ANR feature

Table 6-3 Inter-Frequency ANR Test

Test item Inter-Frequency ANR

Feature ID ZLF33-01-023

Purpose Verify that the Inter-Frequency ANR function is normal.

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1. The cell1 belongs to eNodeB, cell2 belongs to eNodeB2, and cell3


belongs to eNodeB3 are established successfully and work normally.
Cell1 and cell2 are not configured as neighbor cells. Cell1 and cell3
are configured as neighbor cells.
Prerequisite
2.The center frequency of cell1, cell2 and cell3 are different.
3. The log tools of the eNodeBs and UE are opened and operate
properly.
4. The UE supports the inter-frequency ANR function.

Step Expected step result

Configure the parameters such


as ANR switch and policy and
then synchronize the data to
test eNodeBs.
Note:
Configure the Intra-LTE ANR
Switch and Intra-LTE ANR
The ANR switch and policy are configured
Self-Delete Switch to Open.
1 successfully and delivered to eNodeB1,
Configure the parameter The
eNodeB2 and eNodeB3.
Number of Neighbor Cell to
Trigger ANR Self-Delete
Function to 1.
Configure the parameter The
Maximum number of Adjacent
Cells which are Inter-Frequency
in Intra-LTE to 1.

Place the UE in Cell1, and


2 The UE accesses Cell1 successfully.
attach it to Cell1.

Check the ANR flow in the SON Monitor.


1. Cell2 is added as a neighboring cell of
cell1.
Move the UE between Cell1 2. The formal neighbor cell cell3 is deleted
3
and Cell2. successfully.
3. UE is handover between cell1 to cell2
successfully.

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In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of


temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR adding conditions, the
neighbor cell is added to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
Expected statistical period end.
Result In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of
temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR deleting conditions, the
neighbor cell is deleted to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
statistical period end.

6.2.3 Test Result

Check the ANR addition test result by SON Monitor, as shown in the figure below. The
cell with cell ID 74 is added as formal neighbor cell. The number of handover success is
1, and the number of measurement report is 1.

Figure 6-4 Inter-Frequency ANR Addition Test Result

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Check the ANR removal test result by SON Monitor, as shown in the figure below. The
cell with cell ID 126 is deleted successfully. The number of handover success is 0, and
the number of measurement report is 0.

Figure 6-5 Inter-Frequency ANR Removal Test Result

6.3 Intra-Frequency Fast ANR

6.3.1 Topology

Refer to Section 6.1.1 Topology.

6.3.2 Test Specification

Intra-Frequency Fast ANR test specification is shown in the below table.

Table 6-4 Intra-Frequency Fast ANR test

Test item Intra-Frequency Fast ANR test

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Feature ID ZLF33-01-027

Verify that the LTE system supports fast detecting and adding
Purpose
intra-frequency neighbor cells.

1. The environment is normal.


2. Cell1 in eNodeB1 and Cell2 in eNodeB2 are established and
operate properly. Cell1 and Cell2 are not configured as neighbor
cells. The center frequency of cell1 and cell2 are same.
Prerequisite
3. The log tools of the eNodeBs and UE are opened and operate
properly.
4. The UE supports the intra-frequency ANR function.
5. The parameter of Switch of Periodic ANR is configured to Open.

Step Expected step result

Configure the parameters such


as ANR switch and policy and
then synchronize the data to The ANR switch and policy are configured
1 test eNodeBs. successfully and delivered to eNodeB1 and
Note: eNodeB2.
Configure the Intra-LTE ANR
Switch to Open.

The UE accesses Cell1 successfully.


The IE repportStrongestCells can be shown
Place the UE in Cell1, and
2 in the RRC Connection Reconfiguration
attach it to Cell1.
message, which notifies the UE to report the
strongest neighbor cells information.

Move the UE from Cell1 to Cell2 is added as a neighboring cell of Cell1.


3
Cell2. The UE is handed over from Cell1 to Cell2.

Move the UE from Cell2 to Cell1 is added as a neighboring cell of Cell2.


4
Cell1. The UE is handed over from Cell2 to Cell1.

Neighboring cells are added automatically.


Expected
The UE is handed over between two cells that are not configured as
result
neighboring cells.

Test result Passed

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6.3.3 Test Result

The IE repportStrongestCells can be shown in RRCConnectionReconfiguration message.


See the figure below:

Figure 6-6 The IE repportStrongestCells Can be Shown in RRC Connection


Reconfiguration Message

UE sends the Measurement Report message which carried the strong neighbor cell
information. See the figure below:

Figure 6-7 UE Reports the PCI of Measured Neighbor Cell

UE reports the CGI information of neighbor cell. See the figure below:

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Figure 6-8 UE Reports the CGI Information of Neighbor Cell

Move the UE from cell1 to cell2, the random access procedure is triggered when the
handover threshold is satisfied. The reason of random access is HO. See the figure
below:

Figure 6-9 The Reason of Random Access is HO

ANR neighbor cell is added automatically completely, and the ANR procedure can be
shown in SON ANR monitor which is same with Section 6.1.3 Test Result.

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6.4 Inter-Frequency Fast ANR

6.4.1 Topology

Refer to Section 6.1.1 Topology.

6.4.2 Test Specification

Inter-Frequency Fast ANR test specification is shown in the below table:

Table 6-5 Inter-Frequency Fast ANR test

Test item Inter-Frequency Fast ANR test

Feature ID ZLF33-01-028

Verify that the LTE system supports fast detecting and adding
Purpose
inter-frequency neighbor cells.

1. The environment is normal.


2. Cell1 in eNodeB1 and Cell2 in eNodeB2 are established and
operate properly. Cell1 and Cell2 are not configured as neighboring
cells. The center frequency of cell1 and cell2 are different.
Prerequisite
3. The log tools of the eNodeBs and UE are opened and operate
properly.
4. The UE supports the inter-frequency ANR function.
5. The parameter of Switch of Periodic ANR is configured to Open.

Step Expected step result

Configure the parameters such


as fast ANR switch and policy. The ANR switch and policy are configured
1 Note: successfully and delivered to eNodeB1 and
Configure the Intra-LTE ANR eNodeB2.
Switch to Open.

The UE accesses Cell1 successfully.


Place the UE in Cell1, and The inter-frequency measurement
2
attach it to Cell1. configuration of Event A2 is shown in the
RRC Connection Reconfiguration message.

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UE reports inter-frequency measurement


report of Event A2;
The eNodeB sends the RRC Connection
Reconfiguration message which carried IE
Move the UE from Cell1 to
3 repportStrongestCells, notifying the UE to
Cell2.
report the strongest neighbor cells
information.
Cell2 is added as a neighboring cell of Cell1.
The UE is handed over from Cell1 to Cell2.

UE reports inter-frequency measurement


report of Event A2;
The eNodeB sends the RRC Connection
Reconfiguration message which carried IE
Move the UE from Cell2 to
4 repportStrongestCells, notifying the UE to
Cell1.
report the strongest neighbor cells
information.
Cell1 is added as a neighboring cell of Cell2.
The UE is handed over from Cell2 to Cell1.

Neighboring cells are added automatically.


The UE is handed over between two cells that are not configured as
neighboring cells.
Expected
UE reports inter-frequency measurement report of Event A2 and the
result
IE reportStrongestCells is shown in RRCConnectionReconfiguration
message.
PCI and ECGI reports procedure that can be seen.

Test result Passed

6.4.3 Test Result

UE report inter-frequency measurement report of event A2. See the figure below:

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Figure 6-10 eNodeB Sends Measurement Event A2

Figure 6-11 UE Report Inter-Frequency Measurement Report of Event A2

The IE reportStrongestCells is included in RRC Connection Reconfiguration message.


See the figure below:

Figure 6-12 The IE reportStrongestCells is included in RRC Connection


Reconfiguration message

UE reports the PCI of neighbor cell. See the figure below:

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Figure 6-13 UE Reports the PCI of Neighbor Cell

UE report the CGI of neighbor cell. See the figure below:

Figure 6-14 UE Report the CGI of Neighbor Cell

Move the UE from cell1 to cell2, the random access procedure is triggered when the
handover threshold is satisfied. The reason of random access is HO. See the figure
below:

Figure 6-15 Check the Reason of Random Access Procedure

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ANR neighbor cell is added automatically completely, and the procedure can be shown in
SON ANR monitor.

6.5 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR

6.5.1 Topology

The figure below shows the inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR function test network.

Figure 6-16 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR Function Test Network

E-UTRAN Backhaul EPC Service Application

RRU
VoD VoIP Mobile TV
SAE-GW

Antenna
xPON
AAA DHCP DNS
eNodeB
Terminal HSS Operator provides
services
MPLS

MME
RRU PSTN
PDH/SDH
Firewall
SGSN
Antenna

eNodeB
Enterprise
Terminal Metro Ethernet VPN
GGSN

Microwave
RNC
NetNumen M31
Internet

The table below shows the devices needed for the test.

Table 6-6 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR Test Devices

No. Device Name Remarks


1 eNodeB One

2 UE One. The UE should support the inter-RAT (LTE to UMTS)


ANR function, namely, the fifth bit (support long DRX), the

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No. Device Name Remarks


th
19 bit (support ANR inter-RAT measurement report), and
nd
the 22 bit (support UTRAN B2 event measurement
report) of featureGroupIndicators in the UE capability
information are 1.
The UE should also support the frequency of a cell in the
UMTS system.

3 MME One

4 PDN server One

5 UMTS system One

6.5.2 Test Specification

The table below shows the test specification of LTE to UMTS ANR function.

Table 6-7 Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR

Test item Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR

Feature ID ZLF33-01-026

Purpose Verify that the Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR function is normal.

1. The environment is normal.


2. Cell1 in the eNodeB and cell2 and cell3 in the UMTS system are
established and operate properly. Cell1 and Cell2 are not configured
Prerequisite as neighboring cells. Cell1 and cell3 are configured as neighbor cells.
3. The log tools of the eNodeB, NodeB, and UE are opened and
operate properly.
4. The UE supports the Inter-RAT LTE-UMTS ANR function.

Step Expected step result

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Configure the parameters such


as ANR switch and policy
Note:
Configure the parameter
Inter-System UTRAN ANR
Switch and Inter-System
UTRAN ANR Self-Delete
Switch to Open.
Configure the parameter The
Number of Neighbor Cell to
The ANR switch and policy are configured
1 Trigger ANR Self-Delete
successfully and delivered to the eNodeB.
Function to 1.
Configure the parameter
Handover Success Rate
Threshold for UTRAN Neighbor
Cell Addition to 0.
Configure the parameter The
Maximum number of Adjacent
Cells in Inter-System UTRAN to
1.

Place the UE in Cell1, and


2 The UE accesses Cell1 successfully.
attach it to Cell1.

After the timer for temporary neighboring


cells expires, check the ANR procedure in
SON Monitor.
Move the UE from Cell1 to
3 Cell2 is added as a neighboring cell of Cell1.
Cell2.
The UE is handed over from Cell1 to Cell2.
The formal neighbor cell3 is deleted
successfully.

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1. In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of


temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR adding conditions, the
neighbor cell is added to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
statistical period end.
2. In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of
temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
Expected
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR deleting conditions, the
result
neighbor cell is deleted to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
statistical period end.
3. UE is handed over between two cells that are not configured as
neighboring cells.
4.eNodeB sends the RRC Connection Reconfiguration message
which carried UMTS frequency, notifying UE to report the strongest
UTRAN cell information.

6.5.3 Test Result

The UE accesses the LTE system, and the eNodeB sends the RRC Connection
Reconfiguration message that carries the A2 event for opening inter-RAT measurement,
see the figure below.

Figure 6-17 RRC Connection Recongfiguration Message With the A2 Event for
Opening Inter-RAT measurement

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UE sends the Measurement Report of A2 event, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 6-18 UE Sends the Measurement Report of A2 Event

eNodeB sends the RRC Connection Reconfiguration message which carried UTRAN
measurement frequencies to UE, notifying UE to report the strongest UTRAN cell. See
the figure below.

Figure 6-19 Instructing the UE to Report the Strongest URAN Neighboring Cell

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UE sends the Measurement Report message which carried the UTRAN cell information
after measurement, see the figure below.

Figure 6-20 Measurement Report on the Strongest URAN Cell

The eNodeB sends the RRC Connection Reconfiguration message for CGI
measurement to the selected UE, instructing the UE to perform CGI measurement, see
the figure below.

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Figure 6-21 Instructing the UE to Perform CGI Measurement

UE sends the Measurement Report message which carried the CGI information of
UTRAN cell. See the figure below.

Figure 6-22 CGI Information of the UTRAN Cell

Check the inter-RAT ANR addition test result by SON Monitor. See the figure below.

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Figure 6-23 Inter-RAT (LTE to UTRAN) ANR Addition Test Result

Check the inter-RAT ANR removal test result by SON Monitor. See the figure below.

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Figure 6-24 Inter-RAT (LTE to UTRAN) ANR Removal Test Result

6.6 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR

6.6.1 Topology

The figure below shows the inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR function test network.

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Figure 6-25 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR Function Test Network

Radio Network Backhaul EPC Service Application

LTE RRU
VoD VoIP Mobile TV

SAE-GW
eNodeB
Antenna HSS
xPON
AAA DHCP DNS
MME Operator provides
UMTS RRU services
Terminal MPLS
NodeB
Antenna
PSTN

GSM RRU PDH/SDH


Firewall

MSC
RNC
Enterprise
Metro Ethernet
MGW VPN
Terminal Antenna
BTS
Microwave

NetNumen M31 Internet


BSC

The table below shows the devices needed for the test.

Table 6-8 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR Test Devices

No. Device Name Remarks


1 eNodeB One

2 UE One. The UE should support the inter-RAT (LTE to GSM)


th
ANR function, namely, the fifth bit (support long DRX), the 19
rd
bit (support ANR inter-RAT measurement report), and the 23
bit (support GERAN B2 event measurement report) of
featureGroupIndicators in the UE capability information are
1.

3 MME One

4 PDN server One

5 UMTS system One

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6.6.2 Test Specification

The table below shows the test specification of LTE to GSM ANR function.

Table 6-9 Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR

Test item Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR

Feature ID ZLF33-01-024

Purpose Verify that the Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR function is normal.

1. The environment is normal.


2. Cell1 in the eNodeB and cell2 and cell3 in the GSM system are
established and operate properly. Cell1 and Cell2 are not configured
Prerequisite as neighboring cells. Cell1 and cell3 are configured as neighbor cells.
3. The log tools of the eNodeB, BTS, and UE are opened and operate
properly.
4. The UE supports the Inter-RAT LTE-GSM ANR function.

Step Expected step result

Configure the parameters such


as ANR switch and policy
Note:
Configure the parameter
Inter-System GERAN ANR
Switch and Inter-System
GERAN ANR Self-Delete
Switch to Open.
Configure the parameter The
Number of Neighbor Cell to
The ANR switch and policy are configured
1 Trigger ANR Self-Delete
successfully and delivered to the eNodeB.
Function to 1.
Configure the parameter
Handover Success Rate
Threshold for GERAN Neighbor
Cell Addition to 0.
Configure the parameter The
Maximum number of Adjacent
Cells in Inter-System GERAN to
1.

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Place the UE in Cell1, and


2 The UE accesses Cell1 successfully.
attach it to Cell1.

After the timer for temporary neighboring


cells expires, check the ANR procedure in
SON Monitor.
Move the UE from Cell1 to
3 Cell2 is added as a neighboring cell of Cell1.
Cell2.
The UE is handed over from Cell1 to Cell2.
The formal neighbor cell3 is deleted
successfully.

1. In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of


temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR adding conditions, the
neighbor cell is added to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
statistical period end.
2. In the ANR statistical period, if the handover success rates of
temporary neighbor cell and the numbers of successful handover of
Expected
temporary neighbor cell is satisfied the ANR deleting conditions, the
Result
neighbor cell is deleted to be a formal neighbor cell after the ANR
statistical period end.
3. UE is handed over between two cells that are not configured as
neighboring cells.
4.eNodeB sends the RRC Connection Reconfiguration message
which carried GSM frequency, notifying UE to report the strongest
GSM cell information.

6.6.3 Test Result

The UE accesses the LTE system, and the eNodeB sends the RRC Connection
Reconfiguration message that carries the A2 event for opening inter-RAT measurement,
see the figure below.

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Figure 6-26 RRC Connection Recongfiguration Message With the A2 Event for
Opening Inter-RAT measurement

UE sends the Measurement Report of A2 event, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 6-27 UE Sends the Measurement Report of A2 Event

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eNodeB sends the RRC Connection Reconfiguration message which carried GSM
measurement frequencies to UE, notifying UE to report the strongest GSM cell. See the
figure below.

Figure 6-28 Instructing the UE to Report the Strongest GSM Neighboring Cell

UE sends the Measurement Report message which carried the GSM cell information
after measurement, see the figure below.

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Figure 6-29 Measurement Report on the Strongest GSM Cell

The eNodeB sends the RRC Connection Reconfiguration message for CGI
measurement to the selected UE, instructing the UE to perform CGI measurement, see
the figure below.

Figure 6-30 Instructing the UE to Perform CGI Measurement

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UE sends the Measurement Report message which carried the CGI information of GSM
cell. See the figure below.

Figure 6-31 CGI Information of the GSM Cell

Check the inter-RAT ANR addition test result by SON Monitor. See the figure below.

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Figure 6-32 Inter-RAT (LTE to GSM) ANR Addition Test Result

Check the inter-RAT ANR removal test result by SON Monitor. See the figure below.

Figure 6-33 Inter-RAT (LTE to GSM) ANR Removal Test Result

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6.7 Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Carrier Sharing

6.7.1 Topology

Refer to section 6.1.1 Topology.

6.7.2 Test Specification

The test specification for intra-LTE ANR of dedicated carrier sharing function is shown in
the table below.

Table 6-10 Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Carrier Sharing

Test item Intra-LTE ANR of Dedicated Carrier Sharing

Feature ID ZLF31-12-019

Verify that LTE system supports ANR function in the LTE dedicated
Purpose
carrier sharing scenario.

1. The cell1 in the eNodeB1 and cell2 in the eNodeB2 are established
successfully. Cell1 and cell2 have the different center carrier frequency.
LTE system works normally.
2. The parameter Ran Sharing Switch in Global Switch table is configured to RAN
Dedicated Carrier Mode.

3.The PLMN in the LTE FDD table of eNodeB1 and eNodeB2 are configured
toPLMN1. The cell1s PLMN is PLMN1 and cell2s PLMN is PLMN2.
4. The parameter Switch for Replacing PLMN in RAN Share Area In Dedicated
Prerequisite
Carrier Mode in Global Switch table is configured to Open.
5.The Primary PLMN List for RAN Share Area In Dedicated Carrier Mode in the
LTE FDD table is configured to PLMN1 and Broadcast PLMN List for RAN Share
Area In Dedicated Carrier Mode is configured to PLMN2.
6.The ANR control and policy in SON Management is configured and delivered to
the eNodeB1 and eNodeB2. The ANR function is open.

7. The log tools of the eNodeBs and UE are opened and operate
properly.

Step Expected step result

Place UE in the center of cell1


1 UE accesses to cell1 successfully.
and initiate attach operation.

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Move the UE from cell1 to cell2 UE reports ECGI measurement report.


2 and make sure the UE report The measurement report that carries the cell2s
ECGI measurement. PLMN is PLMN2.

UE is handover from cell1 to cell2 successfully.


Keep move the UE from cell1 to The PLMN in the global eNBID IE in the
3 cell2 and make sure the UE is Handover Required message is PLMN1.
handover to cell2. The PLMN in the selectedTAI IE in the
Handover Required message is PLMN2.

The ANR flow can be shown in the SON


Monitoring and the neighbor cell is added
successfully.
Check the neighbor cell adding
4 The cell2 is added as a neighbor cell in
result.
E-UTRAN FDD Neighbor Cell table.
The PLMN of cell2 is PLMN1 and the PLMN list
is PLMN2.

The neighbor PLMN is replaced to the main PLMN of eNodeB which


neighbor cell established in, and the PLMN list is the PLMN of neighbor
Expected cell in the intra-LTE ANR of dedicated carrier sharing scenario.
Result The procedure of neighbor cell adding is correct and the UE can be
handover between the un-added neighbor cells if the ANR function is
open.

6.7.3 Test Result

UE reports ECGI measurement report, and the PLMN in the measurement report is
PLMN2, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 6-34 ECGI Measurement Report

UE is handover from cell1 to cell2. The PLMN in the global eNBID IE in the
Handover Required message is PLMN1 and the PLMN in the selectedTAI IE in the
Handover Required message is PLMN2, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 6-35 Handover Required Message

The ANR detail is shown in the SON Management and the neighbor cell is added
successfully, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 6-36 ANR Adding Information

The cell2 is added as a neighbor cell of cell1 in the E-UTRAN FDD Neighbor Cell table.
The PLMN of cell2 is PLMN1 and the PLMN list is PLMN2, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 6-37 Cell2 Is Added as A Neighbor Cell of Cell1 in the E-UTRAN FDD Neighbor
Cell Table

6.8 Neighbor Cell Configuration Auto-update

6.8.1 Topology

Refer to section 6.1.1 Topology.

6.8.2 Test Specification

The test specification for neighbor cell configuration auto-update function is shown in the
table below.

Table 6-11 Neighbor Cell Configuration Auto-update

Test item Neighbor Cell Configuration Auto-update

Feature ID ZLF33-01-030

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Verify that LTE system supports updating the neighbor cell


Purpose configuration on the OMC by exchanging configuration data over the
X2 interface.

1. The cell1 in the eNodeB1 and cell2 in the eNodeB2 are established
successfully and work normally. Cell1 and cell2 are configured as
Prerequisite neighbor cells.
2. The log tools of the eNodeBs and UE are opened and operate
properly.

Step Expected step result

Place UE in the center of cell1


1 UE accesses to cell1 successfully.
and initiate attach operation.

eNodeB2 sends the ENB Configuration


Update to eNodeB1 to indicate the new PCI
Modify the cell2s PCI in the
of cell2.
2 EMS, and synchronize the
The PCI in the E-UTRAN FDD Neighbor Cell
configuration to the eNodeB2.
table of eNodeb1 is auto-updated to the new
PCI of cell2.

Through X2 interface, the eNodeB can update the configuration data


of the corresponding cell and its neighbor cells during the X2
Expected
interface setup procedure and when the eNodeB configuration is
Result
updated. After the configuration update, the eNodeB initiates the
configuration data update to the OMC.

6.8.3 Test Result

The cell2s old PCI is 156, as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 6-38 The Cell2s Old PCI Is 156

The PCI of cell2 in the X2 Setup Request message is 156, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 6-39 The PCI of Cell2 in the X2 Setup Request Message Is 156

Modify the cell2 PCI to 166 in the EMS, and synchronize the configuration to eNodeB2,
as shown in the figure below.

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Figure 6-40 Modify the Cell2 PCI to 166

The new PCI is carried in the ENB Configuration Update message through X2 interface,
as shown in the figure below.

Figure 6-41 The New PCI Is Carried in the ENB Configuration Update Message

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Because of the PCI changed, the new PCI of cell2 is carried in the X2 Setup Request
message, as shown in the figure below.

Figure 6-42 The New PCI Is Carried in the X2 Setup Request Message

Then the neighbor cells PCI is modified to new value 166 in the OMC automatically, as
shown in the figure below.

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Figure 6-43 The PCI in the E-UTRAN FDD Neighbor Cell Is Modified to the New Value
Automatically

7 Precautions

7.1 Inter-Frequency ANR and Redirection

When the redirection function is enabled, a UE that reports an unknown PCI will enter the
redirection flow. If only this UE exists in the cell, it will be redirected after it reports the
unknown PCI, so there is no other UE that can perform ECGI measurement in the cell.
The eNodeB cannot receive the CGI measurement report, and cannot complete the ANR
flow. If there are multiple UEs in the cell, after a UE reports an unknown PCI and is
redirected, the eNodeB can select another UE to perform ECGI measurement, so the
ANR flow can be completed.

For more details about redirection configuration, please refer to ZTE LTE FDD Intra-RAT
Connected Mobility Feature Guide.

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8 Abbreviations
For the acronyms and abbreviations, see LTE Glossary.

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