Anda di halaman 1dari 31

Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk (THW)

Training a key to a common approach


The national perspective of international civil
protection training

2nd European Civil Protection Forum


Presentation by Sabine Lackner,
Division Development of Competencies
19.12.2007 www.thw.de 1
Structure

The German civil protection system


Consequences for civil protection training
Strengths and challenges of the THW training
system
Experiences or lessons learnt

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 2
The German civil protection system
A decentralized
system Federal
Ministry of the Interior
Berlin

responsible for national civil defence &


protection of the population

supervising respective offices and agencies

16 federal states THW BBK


Federal Agency Federal Office of
(responsible for for Civil Protection and
disaster protection) Technical Relief Disaster Assistance

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 3
THWs legal mandate

Local and national


disaster prevention
on request of the
responsible authority
Civil protection (police, fire brigade)

International
operations
on behalf of
the Federal
Government

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 4
THW: Federal Agency for Technical Relief
founded THW-President
in 1950 Albrecht Broemme

headquarters
8 state associations
2 training centers
66 regional offices
1 logistic centre
800 paid staff

668 local sections with appr.


80.000 volunteers

99% voluntary
commitment

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 5
volunteers vs. paid staff (7 : 1)

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 6
THWs capacities...

...locates ...rescues ...vacates coordinates

...repairs ...pumps ...caters illuminates

...wires ...blasts ...builds ...purifies

but
...cleans not:
19.12.2007 www.thw.de 7
Volunteers in civil protection in Germany

Germany
Germany has
has aa long
long tradition
tradition of
of
voluntary
voluntary based
based civil
civil protection
R
F

protection
UE H
E

RWE

1,7
1,7 million
million volunteers
volunteers
majority
majority (1,3
(1,3 million)
million) in
in volunteer
volunteer
UT
SCH
fire
fire brigades
brigades
E

E
D

S
Z
RO

NNIT
T HA E
U

ES KRE
JO

R
-
E
UN

FA L
L L - HI

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 8
Structure

The German civil protection system


Consequences for civil protection training
Strengths and challenges of the THW training
system
Experiences or lessons learnt

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 9
Key elements to keep in mind

In Germany:
Civil protection = state (Lnder-) responsibility

THW = only federal organisation in this field,


but not as first responder
THW = volunteer-based civil protection work
THW = nationwide deployed,
same modular system everywhere

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 10
Consequences for civil protection training

In Germany:
Decentralized training
Each organization e.g. fire fighters, Order of
the Maltese, St. Johns Ambulance has own
training system and curricula

At THW:
90% of training on local level, standardized
10% of specialized training at the 2 THW
schools, e.g. international training
(EU-OPM etc.)
19.12.2007 www.thw.de 11
THW training center Hoya

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 12
THW training center Neuhausen

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 13
Step 1 - National Training
Basic Training Command level
Staff Org. Communication Coordination
Liaison Logistic
(operation
officer officer officer Head
controll)

Team leader (3-5 G)

Public relation Training Center

Team leader Training II Training Center

Team leader Training I Training Center


Group leader (8 P)

Team leader (basic) Training Center

Basic Training II Local Adm.


Team member

Basic Training I Local Adm.

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 14
Step 2 - National Training (technical)
Basic Training Specialist
Training Center

Machinist/ water purification/ electric generator


truck driver radio comm blasting dredger driver
youth leader breathing protection welding

Special Training I Local Adm.

Basic Training II Local Adm.

Basic Training I Local Adm.

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 15
Structure

The German civil protection system


Consequences for civil protection training
Strengths and challenges of the THW training
system
Experiences or lessons learnt

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 16
Strengths of the THW system

High standards re technical equipment


Training concept emphasizes practical
experience (local, regional, national
exercises)
Strong international network (EU, UN)

Basic modular intervention unit is


nationwide the same

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 17
The modular system

Local units

are deployed in all 668 local section


are the basis of the THW units
are standardized all over Germany

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 18
The modular system

Supra-local units,
Deployed in every of the 66 regional offices
Special units for special tasks (for instance Water
Hazards, Search and Rescue, Debris Clearance)

129

69

154

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 19
The modular system
Supra-regional units,
deployed on the level of the 8 state associations
for very special interventions, in particular international
missions
Water Supply and Treatment, Bridge Construction

24
3

14

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 20
Challenges for THW
Quantity:
Quantity:

dynamic
dynamic qualification
qualification of
of
appr.
appr. 80.000
80.000 volunteers
volunteers Hoya

Nationwide
Nationwide deployed
deployed

THW HQ,
Bonn

Neuhausen

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 21
Challenges for THW
Quality:

Highly specialized training goals

Very diverse target group (volunteers with


different professional backgrounds!)

Time restrictions, training in free time, weekends


or on holidays

Attractive training keeps


volunteers interested/
motivated

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 22
Structure

The German civil protection system


Consequences for civil protection training
Strengths and challenges of the THW training
system
Experiences or lessons learnt

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 23
Experiences or lessons learnt for THW

Training is the essential motivator for


volunteers

belonging to a cluster of excellence


As a volunteer: handling state of the art
equipment professionally
Through the international network:
participating in EU trainings and exercises

As a result: work is highly appreciated


19.12.2007 www.thw.de 24
Training = link between equipment + intervention

THW
The technical and logistical
Federal intervention agency

intervention equipment training

highly qualified, flexible Modular system


units modern, state of the Modern teaching
successful partner of EU art equipment methods (e-learning)
and UN

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 25
And this is what we train for...

We train for
efficient,
competent,
well organized and coordinated

interventions for the benefit of


people in need

examples
19.12.2007 www.thw.de 26
Relief response after Hurricane Kyrill

Germany, January 2007

7.489 THW volunteers in


total

Electricity supply,

clearance of streets and


railways,

illumination...

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 27
Relief response after ...

heavy floods 2002,


Elbe

desastrous snow
catastrophe 2005,
Mnster
19.12.2007 www.thw.de 28
EU assessment mission to Bolivia

March 2007

Worst floods in 25
years,
appr. 340.000
people affected

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 29
International missions

Hurricane Katrina,
USA, 2005

Floods in Arles
France 2003
19.12.2007 www.thw.de 30
Thank you very much for your attention!

Sabine.lackner@thw.de
www.thw.de
www.exchangeofexperts.eu

19.12.2007 www.thw.de 31