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# DISEO DE UNA ZAPATA AISLADA

## CARGA MUERTA Pd= 24.615 tn

CARGA VIVA Pl= 5.04 tn
S/C piso = 500 Kg/m2 0.5 tn/m2
F'c = 210 Kg/cm2
Fy = 4200 Kg/cm2
Densidad promedio g = 2.1 t/m3
st = 3.07 Kg/cm2
Esfuerzo neto del terreno
st - g prom x hf - S/C = 25.16 tn/m2
sn =
hf = 2.4 m
Df = 1.5 m
rea de zapata Az = P = 29.655 = 1.2 m2
sn 25.16

Dimensin de la columna

Ancho T2= 0.25 m

Teniendo :
sn = 25.16 tn/m2
Az = 1.2 m2

## S = (Az)^(1/2) - (t1 -t2)/2 = 1.06 m

T S
Usar 1.2 y 1.15 Entonces 1.2 *1.15 m2

= 0.45 CONFORME

0.30 + d

1.15
0.25 + d

1.2

## Vu/ = 1/x (Pu - Wux(t1+d)x(t2+d)) 1 = 0.85

=1/G61 * ((1.4*C4+1.7*C5) - D43*(B20+d)*(B21+d))

## c = Dmayor/ Dmenor = 1.2 2 CONFORME

Vc = 0.27*(2+4/)*(Fc)^0.5 *bo*d 1.06*(Fc)^0.5 *bo*d

Entonces: Vc = 1.06x(Fc)^0.5 x bo x d 2
bo = 2m + 2n (permetros de los planos de falla)
bo = 2*(0.30+d)+2*(0.25+d) = 1.1 + 4d

Donde: 1 = 2

= ((1.4*B17+1.7*B18) - C56*(A33+d)*(A34+d))

## Resolviendo tenemos que d = 0.15 m 15 cm

Usar: h= 60 cm = 1.91
R= 7.5 cm

## d prom = 50.59 cm 3/4"

Verificacin de cortante

## Vdu = (Wu*S)*(Lv-d) = 10.76 t = 0.85

Vn = Vdu/ = 12.66 t

## Mu= (Wu*S)*(Lv^2 )/2 = 3.63 = 0.9

As = Mu = 2.11 cm2
*Fy*(d-a/2)

a= As * Fy = 0.432 cm
0.85*Fc*b

Verificando

As = Mu = 1.907 cm2
*Fy*(d-a/2)

a= As * Fy = 0.390 cm
0.85*Fc*b

As = Mu = 1.906 cm2
*Fy*(d-a/2)

a= As * Fy = 0.390 cm
0.85*Fc*b

Verificacin de As mn:

n-1

## Usar: 4 3/4" @ 0.33 m

En direccin transversal

## Ast = As*T/S = 10.93 cm2

Entonces: n= 3.83 = 4

s= 0.33 m

Ldisp = 0.375 m

## N 11 entonces Ld= 0.06*(Ab*Fy/(F'c)^0.5) 0.0057*db*fy

30 cm

Como el espaciamiento es s = 33 cm 15 cm

## Ld = 49.56 cm > 45.73 cm CONFORME

> 30 cm
Lde = 39.65 cm > Ldisp = 37.5 cm ERROR

## a) Resistencia al aplastamiento sobre la columna

Se tiene:
F'c = 210 Kg/cm2
Pu = 43.03 t

Pn = Pu/ = 61.47 t

## Resistencia al aplastamiento, Pnb.

Pbn = 0.85*f'c*Ac = 133.88 t
Pn < Pnb CONFORME

## B) Resistencia al aplastamiento en el concreto de la cimentacin

Pn = 43.03 t
Pnb = 0.85*f'c*Ao
Ao = ((A2/A19)^0.5)*Ao1 <= 2Ao1
Xo /1.2 = 0.25/0.30 Entonces: Xo = 1.0 m
A2 = 1.2*Xo = 1.2 m2

## Pr tanto: Usar Ao = 2*Ac1 ; Pnb = 0.85*f'c*Ao

Pnb= 267.75 t > 43.03 t CONFORME

## Usar Dewells entre Columna y Cimentacin

Si Pn <= Pnb entonces Asmin = 0.005 Ao Con 4 como mnimo