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# Analisis Kalimat

## Mari kita analisis kalimat berikut ini:

He showed me a book describing children's literature which he had taken from the library.

## Kalimat lengkapnya sebetulnya seperti ini:

He showed me a book which described children's literature which he had taken from the library.

## which he had taken from the library

Jika kalimat tersebut dibagi ke dalam klausa dan frasa, jadinya sebagai berikut:

## describing children's literature = frasa partisipial

Frasa ini hasil dari peringkasan klausa relatif, which described children's literature

Klausa independen, He /showed me/ a book bila dibagi ke dalam frasa, akan menjadi:

He = frasa nomina kata tunggal; kata ganti orang ketiga tunggal maskulin

## Frasa partisipial, describing children's literature dapat dijelaskan sebagai berikut:

Present participle, describing menerangkan frasa nomina a book dan a book sebagai antesedennya
describing children's literature.

## children's literature sebagai obyek langsung dari present participle describing

Klausa dependen which he had taken from the library jika dibagi ke dalam frasa akan menjadi sebagai
berikut:

he = frasa nomina kata tunggal; kata ganti orang ketiga tunggal maskulin

from = preposisi

## library = nomina dapat dihitung

which = pronomina relatif yang berfungsi sebagai obyek dari verba taken dan menggantikan frasa
nomina a book

which = a book

## Kalimat kompleks tersebut sebetulnya terdiri dari 3 kalimat (3 klausa independen):

1. He showed me a book.

2. A book described children's literature --> which described children's literature -->

## describing children's literature

3. He had taken a book from the library --> which he had taken from the library

## Tiga kalimat tersebut dijadikan satu kalimat kompleks:

He showed me a book which described children's literature which he had taken from the library.
[which pertama sebagai pronomina relatif pola subyek dan which yang kedua sebagai pronomina relatif
pola obyek.]

Selanjutnya klausa relatif which described children's literature mengalami peringkasan menjadi frasa
partisipial, describing children's literature dan terakhir kalimat akan menjadi:
"He showed me a book describing children's literature which he had taken from the library."

Jadi normalnya, frasa partisipial mendahului klausa relatif, sebagaimana contoh di atas.

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