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Nama Sekolah : SMA NEGERI 2 MEDAN
Mata Pelajaran : Bahasa Inggris
Kelas / Semester : XII / Semester 1



Mengungkapkan makna teks fungsional pendek dan esei sederhana berbentuk
explanation dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-hari dan untuk mengakses ilmu

KOMPETENSI DASAR : Mengungkapkan makna dan langkah retorika dalam esei yang menggunakan
ragam bahasa tulis secara akurat, dan berterima dalam konteks kehidupan sehari-
hari dan untuk mengakses ilmu pengetahuan dalam teks berbentuk explanation

INDIKATOR : - Mengidentifikasi tujuan komunikasi dalam teks explanation.

- Menentukan generic structure dan linguistic features dalam sebuah teks
- Menentukan kalimat penjelasan dalam sebuah teks explanation
- Menghasilkan teks essei berbentuk explanation dengan topic Acid Rain


Explanation is to explain the processes involved in the formation or workings of natural or socio
cultural phenomena.
The Communicative Purpose
Its purpose is to explain how something works or state reasons for some phenomena. An explanation
text answers the questions how and why.
There are two basic types of explanation which focus on:
- How, for example: how does a pump work? How does a spider spin its web?
- Why, for example: Why do some things float or sink? Why does iron go rusty?

The Generic (Schematic) Structure:

- A general statement (to position the reader)
- A sequenced explanation (of why or how something occurs)

Significant Linguistic Features (Characteristics):

- Focus on generic, non human participants
- Use mainly of temporal and clausal Circumstances and Conjunctions (such as, then, as a
consequence, so, if, first, following, finally, etc.)
- Use of simple present tense
- Some use of passive voice to get theme right

- Siswa dapat mengidentifikasi tujuan komunikasi, generic structure dan linguistic features dari
sebuah teks explanation.
- Siswa dapat menentukan kalimat penjelasan dalam sebuah teks explanation.
- Siswa dapat menghasilkan teks explanation
EXERCISE 1 Read the following text, and identify the
communicative purpose, generic structures and
linguistic features.

How Bread is Made

Almost everyone eats bread daily, especially for

breakfast. Bread making is not a complicated task. You only
need flour, water, yeast, sugar, salt, oil, butter and an oven.

Choosing good flour is the first step in making bread.

There are two kinds of flour, soft and hard. Hard flour, made of
winter wheat, is a better choice for making bread because it
produces bread that has a better texture and taste.

Then, lukewarm water, yeast, sugar and salt are mixed

with the flour to make dough. Yeast is a microscopic organism
that is capable of producing carbon dioxide. It can make the
dough rise or expand. Both sugar and salt give flavor to the
bread so that it tastes nice. They, however, have different
effects on yeast. After that, oil (such as olive oil, corn oil, peanut
oil) and butter are added because they are essential to make
the bread tender. After mixing all the ingredients, the dough is
sent to the oven.
Workbook 1 :

Communicative Purpose
Generic Structure
General Statement
First step :
Sequenced Explanation