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ABSTRACT

The main objective of the research work aims to study on the heat

transfer characteristics of various heat exchangers namely Shell and Tube Heat

Exchanger, Cross Flow Plate Fin Heat Exchanger, Spiral Heat Exchanger and

Plate Type Heat Exchanger using both miscible and immiscible systems. The

systems considered for this study are Water-Water System, Kerosene-Water

System, Toluene-Water System, Acetic acid-Water System and Ethylene

Glycol-Water System. The various parameters employed in determining the

heat transfer characteristics include Reynolds number, Nusselt number, Overall

Heat Transfer Coefficient, Capacity Ratio, Number of Transfer Units (NTU),

Effectiveness and Efficiency.

Experiments are conducted on a 1-1 Shell and Tube Heat Exchanger,

Spiral Heat Exchanger and Plate Type Heat Exchanger for parallel and counter

current flow patterns with different cold side flow rates, and different

composition (9%, 10%, 20% and 25% on volume basis) of cold fluid. An

investigation on the performance of these heat exchangers is made. The

performance characteristics of Cross Flow Plate Fin Heat Exchanger are also

discussed in detail, wherein it is found that this type of heat exchanger is the

most efficient.
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A comparison between parallel flow and counter current flow heat

exchangers is made. The result is that, the counter current flow heat exchangers

have proved to be more effective.

The application of soft computing technologies like Artificial Neural


Networks (ANN) for the simulation of the models has served as an effective
tool in adjudging the accuracy of the experiments. The ANN is applied to

predict Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient (U0

S) and T) for
different heat exchangers.

In the present research work, efforts have been taken to develop

neural networks using General Regression Model, for different heat

exchangers, and to train and test it with a set of experimental data. The

experimental results are then compared with the simulated results which reveal

that both are very much close and coherent. The performance characteristics of

various heat exchangers are compared and a thorough analysis is done. Thus

among the various heat exchangers compared, the Cross Flow Plate Fin Heat

Exchanger has been found to be the most efficient and effective heat

exchanger.