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Marine Park Design Principles

To ensure that South Australias network of multiple-use marine parks meets both

community and environmental needs, 14 design principles have been devised.

These principles will guide the design of the marine parks network, which is

due to be released for public comment in late 2008.

The Governments Scientific Working Group and Marine Advisory Committee worked

with the Department for Environment and Heritage to develop the design principles,

which are based on national guidelines and are designed

to meet the objectives of the Marine Parks Act 2007.

The 14 design principles are:

1. The Precautionary Approach: plan, anticipate and 11. Respect indigenous interests and culture:
take action early to safeguard against possible impacts. eg significant sites and Native Title.
2. Comprehensiveness: cover the full range of habitats 12. Give consideration to cultural heritage:
and species. eg World Heritage sites and historic shipwrecks.
3. Adequacy: be certain protection is effective. 13. Ensure ease of identification, compliance and
4. Representativeness: the system must reflect the enforcement: eg align boundaries with visible features
variety of our marine life. on the shoreline and consider boundary shape and
methods for defining them.
5. Connectivity and Linkages: provide for sharing of
plants, animals and materials between sites. 14. Provide for education, appreciation and recreation:
eg ensure marine parks are accessible and suitable for
6. Resilience and Vulnerability: protect features that are community use.
more sensitive to change.
The process of designing a network of multiple-
7. Ecological importance: include important and unique use marine parks is complex and involves careful
features. consideration of each of the design principles.
8. Seek synergies with existing protected areas: The successful application of these design principles is
establish links between land and sea, eg align an important step towards the common goal of a healthy,
marine parks and national parks. protected marine environment that supports community
9. Seek to complement existing land and marine use and enjoyment into the future.
management practices: eg international conventions
and current management under fisheries, aquaculture
and natural resources management plans.
10. Give consideration to the full diversity of marine
uses: eg commercial and recreational fishing.

For more information visit:
or call 1800 006 120