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Urinary System:

The Urinary System is made up of a collection of organs that are responsible for maintaining

homeostasis and equal balance throughout the body by water, regulating ions, pH levels, and

blood pressure. The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, and urinary bladder. The

kidneys filter blood to remove wastes and produce urine. The urinary system is also known as

the renal system.>Health

Degeneration of the urinary system is evident and common in elderly individuals. There is a

slow steady decline in weight of the kidneys starting at the age of 30. The arteries that supply

the kidney with blood begin to narrow. Womens urethra shortens and mens prostates enlarge.

In addition, the maximum value of urine the bladder can hold decreases, which leads to the

decrease of ability to delay urination after sensing. In result, there are more frequent visits to the


The most common diseases that occur in the urinary system are urinary tract infections (UTIs),

kidney stones, chronic kidney disease, urinary incompetence and bladder cancer. The urinary

tract infection results in excess urination. Symptoms may be present such like pain when

urinating, pressure in the lower abdomen, and reddish discoloration in the urine. UTIs are fairly

common and consist of 8.1 million health care providers in a year. Kidney stones occur in 13%

of men and 7% in women. Kidney stones are crystalized mineral salt acids that stick together

and cause severe pain and blockage from the urine exiting the body. Kidney stones may be

diagnosed through ultrasounds. The individual may experience fevers and severe lower

abdominal pain. Chronic kidney disease is the inability of the kidney to filter blood properly

result in individuals with high blood pressure and diabetes; bodies inability to filter blood due to

presence of excess minerals. Urinary incompetence is seen most commonly in elderly. Urinary
incompetence is the loss of control of the bladder. The sphincter muscles are not able to clench

strong enough to hold in urine instead relax and release urine. This results in the frequent visits

to the restroom. The bladder does not completely relieve itself and some urine is left over which

may lead to a UTI. Lastly, bladder cancer, 2.4% of men and women will be diagnosed with

bladder cancer over their lifetime. Bladder cancer can be diagnosed through urine tests and signs

may be blood in the urine. https://

Ways in improving and individuals urinary system is by consuming a lot of water. The human

body is made up of 60% of water. It is very important to hydrate for the urinary system to carry

out its functions efficiently. In addition, eating less salt, decrease in consumption of caffeine

intake, decrease consumption of alcohol, no smoking, and being sanitary after using the

restroom. All these factors will not only help improve ones urinary system; however, in

addition will be active in helping prevent urinary system diseases. The urinary system is a very

important system in allowing to filter toxins from our bodies and should be taken care of to build

on creating a healthy body.