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STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

CE 309
Instructor: Dr. Sameer Kumar
MODULE 1: REVISION OF BEAM THEORY, DETERMINATE AND
INDETERMINATE STRUCTURES, MOMENT AREA METHOD AND
EXAMPLES
LECTURE 1
Course Outline
Beam theory and Moment area method
Matrix analysis of structures beams, frames and trusses
Influence lines for moving loads
Slope deflection and Moment distribution methods for indeterminate structures
Energy methods for analysing beams and frames
Evaluation
30% - 2 Mid terms (15% each)
50% - End term
10% - 4 Assignments (2.5% each)
10% - Attendance and Quizzes
REFERENCE TEXT BOOKS
Structural Analysis by R. C Hibbeler or Basic Structural Analysis by C S Reddy
Structural Analysis
What is a structure?

Why as engineers should we analyse a structure?

What should be analysed in a structure?


Structural Analysis
Structures are classified into determinate and indeterminate
structures.
Equations of equilibrium
F = 0 , X:Y:Z
M = 0. X:Y:Z

Six equations.
Unknowns > Equations Indeterminate
2 D structures : 3 equations.
Determinate Structures
20 kN 30 kN

2m 4m 3m

Fx = 0
Fy = 0 What is the magnitude of reactions?
Mz = 0 How does the Bending moment diagram look ?
Indeterminate Structures
20 kN

3m 4m

Fx = 0 What is the magnitude of reactions?


Fy = 0 How does the Bending moment diagram look ?
Mz = 0
Methods for analysing indeterminate structures
will be discussed in future lectures
Beam theory
Assumptions
Elastic limit
Loads act in the plane perpendicular to longitudinal axis of
beam
Deflections are due to bending only
Deflections are small
Beam theory

1 M

R EI
M
d
R R

dx
EI
Beam theory
Mx B
M
d dx AB x dx
EI A
EI
Mohrs Theorem 1 / Moment Area Theorem 1:
The change in slope between the tangents any two points on the elastic
deflected curve equals to the area of M/EI diagram between those points
Mohrs Theorem 2/ Moment Area Theorem 2:
The vertical deviation of a point (C) on the elastic curve from the tangent
at another point on the curve is equal to moment of area under M/EI
diagram computed about vertical line at (C)