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Tugas Drainase dan Penanggulangan banjir

NAMA : MARSA MURBAWANGI HASRI


NPM : 1515011009
Soal : Tentukan debit dengan kala ulang 25, 50, dan 100 tahunan.

A. Perhitungan Parameter Statistik

1. Perhitungan Distribusi Non-Logaritmik

a. Rata-rata Data:

R
Curah hujan rata-rata ( R ) =
n
3801,47
=
45
= 84,47711111 m3/detik

Tabel Perhitungan Distribusi Non-Logaritmik

No R (terurut) (R R)2 (R R)3 (R R)4


1 63,64 434,185199 -9047,165244 188516,
2 66,41 5326,420503 -5897,475513 7874
106550,
3 66,41 9
326,420503 -5897,475513 3454
106550,
4 67,11 9
301,616548 -5238,208108 3454
90972,5
5 67,11 3301,616548 -5238,208108 4224
90972,5
6 67,11 3
301,616548 -5238,208108 4224
90972,5
7 67,11 3301,616548 -5238,208108 4224
90972,5
8 67,81 3277,792592 -4630,00001 4224
77168,7
9 68,52 8254,62939 -4063,149548 2461
64836,
10 68,52 5254,62939 -4063,149548 1288
64836,
11 69,23 5
232,474397 -3544,562965 1288
54044,3
12 69,23 2
232,474397 -3544,562965 4537
54044,3
13 69,23 2232,474397 -3544,562965 4537
54044,3
14 69,23 2
232,474397 -3544,562965 4537
54044,3
15 69,73 2217,477286 -3207,161703 4537
47296,3
16 69,94 1211,327599 -3072,092794 6998
44659,3
17 70,66 5
190,912559 -2637,860047 5429
36447,6
18 70,66 5190,912559 -2637,860047 0536
36447,6
19 70,66 5
190,912559 -2637,860047 0536
36447,6
20 72,11 5
152,945437 -1891,493216 0536
23392,3
21 73,57 2118,965072 -1297,565267 0677
14152,6
22 75,04 8
89,0590661 -840,4603025 8854
7931,51
23 75,04 2
89,0590661 -840,4603025 7259
7931,51
24 75,78 275,6397416 -657,8472378 7259
5721,37
8 0521
25 78,03 41,5652416 -267,9757315 1727,66
26 78,03 841,5652416 -267,9757315 9316
1727,66
27 78,03 8
41,5652416 -267,9757315 9316
1727,66
28 78,57 8
34,8939616 -206,1225087 9316
1217,58
29 84,16 80,10055945 -0,031888521 8562
0,01011
30 84,16 7
0,10055945 -0,031888521 2204
0,01011
31 85,73 71,56973056 1,966697987 2204
2,46405
32 88,11 8
13,1978816 47,94643771 4056
174,184
33 88,9 8
19,5619461 86,52031415 0808
382,669
34 89,71 227,3831261 143,2928564 7361
749,835
35 89,71 2
27,3831261 143,2928564 5963
749,835
36 90,51 2
36,3957483 219,5715058 5963
1324,65
37 94,59 5102,270521 1034,250422 0498
10459,
38 98,75 7
203,715357 2907,606659 2596
41499,9
39 103,83 2374,534308 7248,320854 4677
140275,
40 118,04 3
1126,46751 37807,50389 9481
1268929
41 119,88 1
1253,36454 44372,72561 ,052
1570922
42 123,58 21529,03591 59789,72167 ,674
2337950
43 127,34 9
1837,22724 78748,86722 ,843
3375403
44 150,97 4
4421,30427 293985,2938 ,946
1954793
45 180,98 39312,80756 898712,8336 1,47
8672838
Jumlah 3801,47 4
25983,6619 1335789,44 4,72
1,164805E
Rata-rata 84,47711111 2 +08+08

b). Simpangan baku :

(RR)2
=
n1

25983,6619
= = 24,3010
451

c). Perhitungan koefisien kemencengan (Cs) :

n, (RR )3
Cs =
(n1)(n2),3

45 x 1335789,44
=
44 x 43 x 24,3010 3

= 2,21392
d). Perhitungan koefisien kurtosis (Ck) :

(n2 2n+3)x (RR )4


Ck =
(n1)(n2)(n3),4

(452 2.45+3) x 1,164805E+08


=
(44)(43)(42).24,3010 4

= 8,1459

e). Koefisien variasi (Cv) :

s
Cv =
R

24,3010
=
84,47711111

= 0,2877

2. Perhitungan Distribusi Logaritmik

a. Rata-rata Data:

R
Curah hujan rata-rata ( R ) =
n

3801,47
=
45
= 84,47711111 m3/detik

Tabel Perhitungan Distribusi Logaritmik

No LN R (LN R - LN (LN R - LN (LN R - LN R')^3 (LN R - LN


1 4,153 R') -0,2520 R')^2
0,063498944 -0,016001097 R')^4
0,004032116
2 24
4,195 -0,2094 0,043841879 -0,009179811 0,00192211
3 85
4,195 -0,2094 0,043841879 -0,009179811 0,00192211
4 85
4,206 -0,1989 0,039560855 -0,007868619 0,001565061
5 33
4,206 -0,1989 0,039560855 -0,007868619 0,001565061
6 33
4,206 -0,1989 0,039560855 -0,007868619 0,001565061
7 33
4,206 -0,1989 0,039560855 -0,007868619 0,001565061
8 33
4,216 -0,1885 0,035540731 -0,006700227 0,001263144
9 71
4,227 -0,1781 0,031721924 -0,005649881 0,00100628
10 13
4,227 -0,1781 0,031721924 -0,005649881 0,00100628
13
11 4,237 -0,1678 0,028156127 -0,004724538 0,000792768
12 43
4,237 -0,1678 0,028156127 -0,004724538 0,000792768
13 43
4,237 -0,1678 0,028156127 -0,004724538 0,000792768
14 43
4,237 -0,1678 0,028156127 -0,004724538 0,000792768
15 43
4,244 -0,1606 0,025792851 -0,004142371 0,000665271
16 63
4,247 -0,1576 0,024836007 -0,003914017 0,000616827
17 64
4,257 -0,1474 0,021712768 -0,003199431 0,000471444
18 88
4,257 -0,1474 0,021712768 -0,003199431 0,000471444
19 88
4,257 -0,1474 0,021712768 -0,003199431 0,000471444
20 88
4,278 -0,1270 0,016139019 -0,002050292 0,000260468
21 19
4,298 -0,1070 0,011447895 -0,001224866 0,000131054
22 24
4,318 -0,0872 0,007605735 -0,000663303 5,78472E-05
23 02
4,318 -0,0872 0,007605735 -0,000663303 5,78472E-05
24 02
4,327 -0,0774 0,005990414 -0,000463645 3,58851E-05
25 83
4,357 -0,0481 0,002317344 -0,000111554 5,37008E-06
26 09
4,357 -0,0481 0,002317344 -0,000111554 5,37008E-06
27 09
4,357 -0,0481 0,002317344 -0,000111554 5,37008E-06
28 09
4,363 -0,0412 0,001700921 -7,01498E-05 2,89313E-06
29 99
4,432 0,0275 0,000755567 2,07687E-05 5,70881E-07
30 72
4,432 0,0275 0,000755567 2,07687E-05 5,70881E-07
31 72
4,45 0,0460 0,002113301 9,71498E-05 4,46604E-06
32 12
4,478 0,0734 0,005380789 0,000394702 2,89529E-05
33 59
4,487 0,0823 0,006769994 0,000557035 4,58328E-05
34 51
4,496 0,0914 0,008344836 0,000762301 6,96363E-05
35 58
4,496 0,0914 0,008344836 0,000762301 6,96363E-05
36 58
4,505 0,1002 0,010045686 0,001006861 0,000100916
37 46
4,549 0,1443 0,020828144 0,003005909 0,000433812
38 55
4,592 0,1874 0,035103482 0,006576961 0,001232254
39 59
4,642 0,2375 0,056417069 0,013400339 0,003182886
40 75
4,771 0,3658 0,133803333 0,048944106 0,017903332
41 02
4,786 0,3813 0,14535848 0,055419239 0,021129088
42 49
4,816 0,4117 0,169461114 0,069759777 0,028717069
43 89
4,846 0,4416 0,195035735 0,08613334 0,038038938
44 86
5,017 0,6118 0,374359163 0,229051269 0,140144783
45 08
5,198 0,7932 0,629093834 0,498968516 0,395759052
Jumlah 39
198,2 0,0000 9,66355E-28 3,00403E-41 9,33841E-55
35
4,4052
Rata-
rata
b). Simpangan baku :

=
(LN R LN R)^2
n1

9,66355E28
= = 0,0000
451
c). Perhitungan koefisien kemencengan (Cs) :

n, (LnRLnR )3
Cs =
(n1)(n2),3

45 x 3,00403E41
=
44 x 43 x 0,000 3

= 6,9418

d). Perhitungan koefisien kurtosis (Ck) :

(n2 2n+3)x (LnRLnR )4


Ck =
(n1)(n2)(n3),4

(452 2.45+3) x 9,33841E55


=
(44)(43)(42).0,000 4

= 47,2159

Tabel Perbandingan Besaran Statistik Curah Hujan Maksimum Terhadap Syarat


Distribusi
No Jenis Syarat Hasil Kesimpulan
Distribusi Analisis

1 Normal ( ) = 68,27 % 2,21392 Tidak


( 2) = 95,44 %
Cs 0
Ck 3 8,1459 Tidak
2 Log = 3 + 3 6,9418 Tidak
Normal
= 8 + 66 + 154 + 162 + 3 47,2159 Tidak
3 Gumbel Cs = 1,14 2,21392 Tidak
Ck = 5,4 8,1459 Tidak
4 Log Selain dari nilai di atas Ok
Pearson III

Berdasarkan perhitungan koefisien kemencengan dan koefisien kurtosis, serta dari syarat tabel

diatas, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa metode yang paling mendekati adalah Log Pearson III.

B. Pengujian Distribusi
1. Uji Smirnov Kolmogrov

Tabel Uji Smirnov Kolmogrov


Y = LOG R P= (M/14)100% T= 1/P
1,8037 2,1739 0,4600
1,8222 4,3478 0,2300
1,8222 6,5217 0,1533
1,8268 8,6957 0,1150
1,8268 10,8696 0,0920
1,8268 13,0435 0,0767
1,8268 15,2174 0,0657
1,8313 17,3913 0,0575
1,8358 19,5652 0,0511
1,8358 21,7391 0,0460
1,8403 23,9130 0,0418
1,8403 26,0870 0,0383
1,8403 28,2609 0,0354
1,8403 30,4348 0,0329
1,8434 32,6087 0,0307
1,8447 34,7826 0,0288
1,8492 36,9565 0,0271
1,8492 39,1304 0,0256
1,8492 41,3043 0,0242
1,8580 43,4783 0,0230
1,8667 45,6522 0,0219
1,8753 47,8261 0,0209
1,8753 50,0000 0,0200
1,8796 52,1739 0,0192
1,8923 54,3478 0,0184
1,8923 56,5217 0,0177
1,8923 58,6957 0,0170
1,8953 60,8696 0,0164
1,9251 63,0435 0,0159
1,9251 65,2174 0,0153
1,9331 67,3913 0,0148
1,9450 69,5652 0,0144

2. Uji Chi Kuadrat


( E F O F ) 2
x2 xcr
2

EF

Dk = K- (P + 1)

Dimana:

x2 = Harga Chi Kuadrat terhitung

EF = Frekuensi yang diharapkan

OF = Frekuensi yang terbaca

xcr2 = Harga Chi Kuadrat kritis

Dk = Derajat Kebabasan

K = Banyaknya Kelas

P = Banyaknya keterikatan untuk uji chi kuadrat

3. Perhitungan Hujan Rancangan dengan Metode Log Pearson III

a). Rata rata Data :

logR
Curah Hujan Rata Rata (log R ) = n

= 86,0926
45

= 1,9132

Tabel Perhitungan Metode Log Pearson III

LOG R LOG R - LOG (LOG R - (LOG R - LOG


NO TERURUT R' LOG R')^2 R')^3
1 1,8037 -0,1094 0,0120 -0,001310698
2 1,82223348 -0,0909 0,0083 -0,000751946
3 1,82223348 -0,0909 0,0083 -0,000751946
4 1,826787239 -0,0864 0,0075 -0,000644542
5 1,826787239 -0,0864 0,0075 -0,000644542
6 1,826787239 -0,0864 0,0075 -0,000644542
7 1,826787239 -0,0864 0,0075 -0,000644542
8 1,831293744 -0,0819 0,0067 -0,000548836
9 1,835817354 -0,0774 0,0060 -0,000462799
10 1,835817354 -0,0774 0,0060 -0,000462799
11 1,840294332 -0,0729 0,0053 -0,000387001
12 1,840294332 -0,0729 0,0053 -0,000387001
13 1,840294332 -0,0729 0,0053 -0,000387001
14 1,840294332 -0,0729 0,0053 -0,000387001
15 1,843419665 -0,0697 0,0049 -0,000339314
16 1,844725628 -0,0684 0,0047 -0,000320609
17 1,849173633 -0,0640 0,0041 -0,000262075
18 1,849173633 -0,0640 0,0041 -0,000262075
19 1,849173633 -0,0640 0,0041 -0,000262075
20 1,857995496 -0,0552 0,0030 -0,000167946
21 1,866700756 -0,0465 0,0022 -0,000100332
22 1,875292825 -0,0379 0,0014 -5,43331E-05
23 1,875292825 -0,0379 0,0014 -5,43331E-05
24 1,879554601 -0,0336 0,0011 -3,79785E-05
25 1,892261607 -0,0209 0,0004 -9,13774E-06
26 1,892261607 -0,0209 0,0004 -9,13774E-06
27 1,892261607 -0,0209 0,0004 -9,13774E-06
28 1,895256753 -0,0179 0,0003 -5,74618E-06
29 1,925105727 0,0119 0,0001 1,70123E-06
30 1,925105727 0,0119 0,0001 1,70123E-06
31 1,933132824 0,0200 0,0004 7,95783E-06
32 1,945025201 0,0319 0,0010 3,23312E-05
33 1,948901761 0,0357 0,0013 4,56284E-05
34 1,952840857 0,0397 0,0016 6,24424E-05
35 1,952840857 0,0397 0,0016 6,24424E-05
36 1,956696565 0,0435 0,0019 8,2475E-05
37 1,975845225 0,0627 0,0039 0,000246223
38 1,994537104 0,0814 0,0066 0,000538739
39 2,016322854 0,1032 0,0106 0,001097662
40 2,072029201 0,1589 0,0252 0,004009159
41 2,078746734 0,1656 0,0274 0,004539557
42 2,091948191 0,1788 0,0320 0,005714234
43 2,104964846 0,1918 0,0368 0,007055442
44 2,178890655 0,2657 0,0706 0,018762281
45 2,257630584 0,3445 0,1187 0,040872018
JUMLAH 86,0926 1,711011131 0,338174305 0,083088304

b). Standar deviasi data :


)2
(logRlogR
std (log R) =
n1

0,338174305
=
451

= 0,0877

c). Koefisien skweness data :

n. (logRlogR )3
Cs =
(n1)(n2).(std (log R))3

45 (0,083088304)
=
44 43 0,08773

= 2,9329

C. Hujan Rancangan (RT) :

Log t = log R+ std(log(R)).Gs

RT = 10 log t

Dari Tabel, didapat:

Untuk T = 25 dan, Cs = 2,21392 maka G = 2,240

Untuk T = 50 dan, Cs = 2,21392 maka G = 2,970

Untuk T = 100 dan, Cs = 2,21392 maka G = 3,705

a. Hujan rancangan 25 tahunan

Log t = 86,0926+ 0,0877. 2,240

= 86,2890

R25 = 10 86,2890 = 1,9453 x 1086

b. Hujan rancangan 50 tahunan


Log t = 86,0926+ 0,0877. 2,970

= 86,3531

R50 = 10 86,3531

= 2,2547 x 1086

c. Hujan rancangan 100 tahunan

Log t = 86,0926+ 0,0877. 3,705

= 86,4175

R100 = 1086,4175

= 2,6151 x 1086

D. Menghitung Debit Rancangan

IT = RT x 90 % x 40 %

c x IT x A
QT =
3,6

dimana : c = Koefisien pengaliran

IT = Intensitas curah hujan (mm/jam)

A = Luas DAS (km2)

RT = Hujan harian dengan kala ulang tertentu (mm)

daerah : A = 25 % daerah padat penduduk (C1 = 0.5)

B = 15 % daerah industry (C2 = 0.75)

C = 35 % daerah perkotaan (C3 = 0.85)

D = 15 % taman dan kebun (C4 = 0.23)

E = 10 % perbukitan (C5 = 0.73)

c = (C1 x %) + (C2x %)+(C3x %)+(C4x %) +(C5x %)


= (0.5 x 0.25) + (0.75 x 0.15) + (0.85 x 0.35) + (0.23 x 0.15) + (0.73 x 0.1)

= 0.6425

A = 61,09446 km2

a. Debit 25 tahunan

I25 = R25 x 90 % x 40 %

= 1,9453 x 1086 x 0,9 x 0,4

= 7,00308x1085 m3/s

Q25 = c x I25 x A

= 0,6425 x 7,00308x1085 x 610944,6


= 2,7489 x 1091 m3/s

b. Debit 50 tahunan

I50 = R50 x 90 % x 40 %

= 2,2547 x 1086 x 0,9 x 0,4

= 8,11692x1085 m3/s

Q50 = c x I50 x A
= 0,6425 x 8,11692x1085 x 610944,6
= 3,1861 x 1091 m3/s

c. Debit 100 tahunan

I100 = R100 x 90 % x 40 %

= 2,6151 x 1086 x 0,9 x 0,4

= 9,4143x1085 m3/s

Q100 = c x I25 x A
= 0,6425 x 9,4143x1085 x 610944,6
= 3,6954 x 1091 m3/s