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DAFTAR ISI

JUDUL ......................................................................................................
PERNYATAAN KEASLIAN SKRIPSI ..................................................... i
PENGESAHAN ......................................................................................... ii
KATA PENGANTAR ................................................................................ iii-v
DAFTAR ISI ............................................................................................... vi-vii
DAFTAR TABEL ....................................................................................... viii
DAFTAR GAMBAR . ................................................................................ ix
DAFTAR GRAFIK .................................................................................... x
ABSTRAK ................................................................................................. xi
ABSTRACT ............................................................................................... xii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN .......................................................................... 1-8

A. Latar Belakang ............................................................. 1


B. Rumusan Masalah ........................................................ 5
C. Ruang Lingkup Penelitian ............................................ 5
D. Kajian Pustaka/Penelitian Terdahulu ........................... 5-8
E. Tujuan Penelitian ......................................................... 8
F. Manfaat Penelitian ...................................................... 9

BAB II TINJAUAN TEORITIS ................................................................ 10

A. Ayat yang relevan ........................................................ 10


B. Tinjauan Umum Lingkungan ........................................ 12
C. Tinjauan Umum Logam Berat ...................................... 15
D. Tinjauan Umum Logam Berat Tembaga (Cu) ............. 17
E. Tinjauan Umum Bakteri .............................................. 18
F. Perbedaan Susunan Gram Positif dan Negatif .............. 19
G. Karakeristik Bakteri ...................................................... 19
H. Morfologi Bakteri.......................................................... 21
I. Habitat Bakteri .............................................................. 21
J. Struktur Bakteri ............................................................. 21
K. Sifat Bakteri .................................................................. 22
L. Fase Pertumbuhan Bakteri ............................................ 22
M. Bakteri Pengakumulasi Logam Berat ........................... 23
N. Kerangka Berfikir.......................................................... 30

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BAB III METODOLOGI PENELITIAN.................................................... 31

A. Jenis dan Lokasi Penelitian .......................................... 31


B. Pendekatan Penelitian ................................................... 31
C. Variabel Penelitian ....................................................... 31
D. Definisi Operasional Penelitian .................................... 31
E. Metode Penelitian ............... 32
F. Instrumen Penelitian (Alat dan Bahan) ......................... 33
G. Prosedur Kerja .............................................................. 33
H. Analisis Data ................................................................ 36

BAB IV HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN ................................................... 37

A. Hasil Penelitian ........................................................... 37


B. Pembahasan .................................................................. 44

BAB V PENUTUP . 47

A. Kesimpulan ................................................................... 47
B. Saran .............................................................................. 48

KEPUSTAKAAN ....................................................................................... 49-51

LAMPIRAN-LAMPIRAN.......................................................................... 52-68
DAFTAR RIWAYAT HIDUP

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