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National Institute of Technology Rourkela

Department of Mathematics
Mid-Sem Exam 2016-17
Course: Functional Analysis (MA501) Full marks: 30
Date: 23/09/2016 Time: 8.30 A.M.-10.30 A.M.
Instructions: All parts of a question should be answered at one place.

1. Let 1 p < r < . If m(E) < . Then prove that Lr (E) Lp (E). Also
prove with example that m(E) < is required. [3]

2. Define an infinite dimensional vector space. Also define Hamel and Schauder
basis on the normed linear spaces. Prove that a Banach space can not have
denumerable Hamel basis. [3]

3. State Riesz lemma. Let X be normed linear space. If every closed and bounded
subsets of X is compact, then prove that X is finite dimensional. Also prove
or disprove that the closed unit ball in l2 is compact. [3]
P x(j)
4. Let X = c00 , define f0 (x) = x(1) + x(2) . . . and f1 (x) = j=1 j
for all
x X. Then check the continuity of f0 and f1 with the norm l1 , l2 and l .[3]

5. State Hahn-Banach extension theorem. Consider the subspace G = {(x, y)


R2 |2x y = 0} of R2 and liner functional f : G R by f (x, y) = x on G.
Find all the Hahn-Banach extension of f to R2 . [3]

6. Let Y be closed subspace of a Banach space X. If x0


/ Y ,Then prove that
there exists f X such that kf k = 1 and f (x0 ) = 0 for all x Y and

f (x0 ) = dist(x0 , Y ). [3]

7. Consider X = (c00 , kk ). For x = (x(1), x(2), . . . ) in X, define F (x)(j) =


jx(j), j = 1, 2, 3 . . . . Then prove that F 1 is a closed map but not an open
map. [3]

8. State Banach-Steinhaus theorem. Let (an )nN be a sequence of scalars with


property that for all (xn )nN c0 it follows that (an xn )nN c0 . Prove that
(an )nN l . [3]

9. Define spectrum, eigen spectrum and approximate eigen spectrum in Banach


spaces. Let X = lp and define A : X X as A(x) = (x(1), x(2)/2, x(3)/3, . . . ).
Find spectrum, eigen spectrum and approximate eigen spectrum for A. [3]

10. State and prove Gelfand-Mazur theorem. [3]

END