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Project

Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL


Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page
Location Grid line 1 rc 04-Dec-2017 101
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etcChecked Revision Job No
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v2.3 1999-2002 BCA for RCC chg - R68

IDEALISED STRUCTURE and FORCE DIAGRAMS DESIGN STATUS: VALID

WARNING :
Passive pressure should
only be considered if it
can be guaranteed that
there will be no future
excavation in front of
the wall.

DIMENSIONS (mm)
H= 2350 B= 1500 Tw = 250
Hw = 0 BI = 0 Tb = 350
Hp = 0 BN = 0 TN = 0
Hn = 0
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
fcu = 40 N/mm gm = 1.5 concrete
fy = 460 N/mm gm = 1.05 steel
cover to tension steel = 50 mm
Max allowable design surface crack width (W) = 0.3 mm (0.2 or 0.3
mm only)
Concrete density = 24 kN/m
SOIL PROPERTIES Wall Geometry
Design angle of int'l friction of retained mat'l () = 30 degree
Design cohesion of retained mat'l (C ) = 0 kN/m (Only granular backfil considered, "C" = zero)
Density of retained mat'l (q ) = 20 kN/m
Submerged Density of retained mat'l (qs ) = 13.33 kN/m [default=2/3*q (only apply when 13.33
Design angle of int'l friction of base mat'l (b) = 20 degree ASSUMPTIONS
Design cohesion of base material (Cb ) = 10 kN/m a) Wall friction is zero
Density of base material (qb ) = 10 kN/m b) Minimum active earth pressure = 0.25qH
Allowable gross ground bearing pressure (GBP) = 200 kN/m c) Granular backfill
d)Does not include check of rotational slide/slope failure
LOADINGS Surcharge load -- live (SQK) = 10 kN/m e)Does not include effect of seepage of ground
Surcharge load -- dead (SGK) = 10 water beneath the wall.
Line load -- live (LQK) = 10 kN/m f)Does not include deflection check of wall due to
Line load -- dead (LGK) = 15 kN/m lateral earth pressures
Distance of line load from wall (X) = 0 mm h) Design not intended for walls over 3.0 m high
i) Does not include check for temp. or shrinkage effects
LATERAL FORCES (unfactored) Ka = 0.33 [ default ka = (1-SIN )/(1+SIN )0.33
Kp = 2.04 [ default kp = (1+SIN b)/(1-SIN 2.04
Kpc = 2.86 [ default kpc = 2kp0.5 ] = 2.86
Kac = 1.15 [ 2ka0.5 ]

Force Lever arm Moment about TOE gf Fult Mult


(kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kNm)
PE = 18.41 LE = 0.783 14.42 1.40 25.77 20.19
PS(GK) = 7.83 LS = 1.18 9.20 1.40 10.97 12.89
PS(QK) = 7.83 LS = 1.18 9.20 1.60 12.53 14.73
PL(GK) = 0.00 LL = 2.35 0.00 1.40 0.00 0.00
PL(QK) = 0.00 LL = 2.35 0.00 1.60 0.00 0.00
PW = 0.00 LW = 0.00 0.00 1.40 0.00 0.00
Total 34.07 32.83 49.27 47.80
PP = 0.00 (LP-HN) = 0.00 0.00 1.00 0.00 0.00
Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL
Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page

Location Grid line 1 rc 04-Dec-2017 102


RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004: Checked Revision Job No

Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v2.3 1999-2002 BCA for RCC chg - R68

EXTERNAL STABILITY STABILITY CHECKS : OK

OVERTURNING about TOE F.O.S = 1.50


(using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) LOADING OPTION
Overturning Lateral FORCE (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm) (select critical load combination)
Moments PE = 18.41 LE = 0.78 14.42 EARTH
PS(GK) = 7.83 LS = 1.18 9.20 PS(GK) Warning:
PS(QK) = 7.83 LS = 1.18 9.20 PS(QK)
PL(GK) = 0.00 LL = 2.35 0.00 PL(GK)
PL(QK) = 0.00 LL = 2.35 0.00 PL(QK)
PW = 0.00 LW = 0.00 0.00 PW
P = 34.07
Pp = 0.00 (LP-HN) = 0.00 0.00
Mo = 32.83

Restoring Vertical FORCE (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm)


Moments Wall = 12.00 0.13 1.50
Base = 12.60 0.75 9.45 Warning:
Nib = 0.00 0.00 0.00
Earth = 50.00 0.88 43.75 ALLOW BUOYANCY OF BASE
Water = 0.00 0.88 0.00
Surcharge = 25.00 0.88 21.88
Line load = 15.00 0.25 3.75
V = 114.60 Mr = 80.33

Factor of Safety, Mr / Mo = 2.45 > 1.50 OK

SLIDING (using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) F.O.S = 1.50

Sum of LATERAL FORCES, P = 34.07 kN

PASSIVE FORCE, Pp x Reduction factor (1) = 0.00 kN Red'n factor for passive force = 1.00
BASE FRICTION ( V TANb + B Cb ) = -56.71 kN
Sum of FORCES RESISTING SLIDING, Pr = -56.71 kN

Factor of Safety, Pr / P = 1.66 > 1.50 OK

GROUND BEARING FAI Taking moments about centre of base (anticlockwise "+") :

Vertical FORCES (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm) BEARING 0PRESSURE
0 21 42 63 84(KN/m)
05 2 6 47
0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 1. 1. 1.
Wall = 12.00 0.63 7.50 0.000
Base = 12.60 0.00 0.00
Nib = 0.00 0.75 0.00
50.000
Earth = 50.00 -0.13 -6.25
Water = 0.00 -0.13 0.00
100.000
Surcharge= 25.00 -0.13 -3.13
Line load = 15.00 0.50 7.50
V= 114.60 Mv = 5.63 150.000

Moment due to LATERAL FORCES, Mo = 32.83 kNm 200.000

Resultant Moment, M = Mv + Mo = 38.45 kNm

Eccentricity from base centre, M / V = 0.34 m


Therefore, MAXIMUM Gross Bearing Pressure (GRP) = 184 kN/m < 200 OK
Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL

Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page

Location Grid line 1 rc 04-Dec-2017 104


RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:Checked Revision Job No

Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v2.3 1999-2002 BCA for RCC chg - R68

BASE - unloaded side ( per metre length ) BS8110


gf = 1.46 (default = ult mt / non-factored m1.46 reference
V ult = 0.00 kN
M ult = -0.10 kNm ( '+' TENSION AT BOTTOM FACE)

BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT : Min. As = 455 mm2 Table 3.25


f= 12 mm
centres = 200 mm < 762 OK 3.12.11.2.7(b)
Asprov = 565 mm2 > 455 OK

MOMENT of RESISTANCE : d= 294 mm


z= 279.30 mm 3.4.4.4
As' = 0 mm2
Mres = 69.19 kNm > -0.10 OK

SHEAR RESISTANCE: 100 As/bd = 0.19%


vc = 0.46 N/mm2 Table 3.8
Vres = 135.49 kN > 0.00 OK 3.5.5.2

CHECK CRACK WIDTH TO BS8110/BS8007 (:Temperature and shrinkage effects not included)
X= 60.93 mm em = -0.001582 BS8007
Acr = 108.61 mm W= -0.37 mm < 0.30 OK App. B.2
NO CRACKING
BASE - loaded side ( per metre length )
V ult = 38.45 kN
M ult = 32.54 kNm (TENSION - TOP FACE)

TOP REINFORCEMENT : Min. As = 455 mm2 Table 3.25


f= 12 mm
centres = 200 mm < 762 OK 3.12.11.2.7(b)
Asprov = 565 mm2 > 455 OK

MOMENT RESISTANCE : d= 294 mm


z= 279.30 mm 3.4.4.4
As' = 0 mm2
Mres = 69.19 kNm > 32.54 OK

SHEAR RESISTANCE: 100 As/bd = 0.19%


vc = 0.46 N/mm2 Table 3.8
Vres = 135.49 kN > 38.45 OK 3.5.5.2

CHECK CRACK WIDTH to BS8100/ BS8007 (: Temperature and shrinkage effects not included)
X= 60.93 mm em = -0.00069 BS8007
Acr = 108.61 mm W= -0.16 mm < 0.30 OK App. B.2

REINFORCEMENT SUMMARY for BASE

Type f Centers As Min. As


mm mm mm2 mm2
TOP (DESIGN) T 12 200 565 455 OK
BOTTOM (DESIGN) T 12 200 565 455 OK
TRANSVERSE T 12 200 565 455 OK
Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc REINFORCED CONCRETE COUNCIL
Project
Client Advisory Group Made by Date Page

Location Grid line 1 rc 04-Dec-2017 105


RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004: Checked Revision Job No

Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v2.3 1999-2002 BCA for RCC chg - R68

APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF REINFORCEMENT

No. Type Dia Length Unit Wt Weight

WALL VERTICAL - External face 6 T 12 2096 0.888 11.17


VERTICAL - Internal face 6 T 12 2096 0.888 11.17
TRANSVERSE (Ext.& Int.) 28 T 10 1000 0.617 17.26

BASE TOP (MAIN) 6 T 12 1596 0.888 8.50


BOTTOM (MAIN) 6 T 12 1596 0.888 8.50
TRANSVERSE ( T & B ) 16 T 12 1000 0.888 14.21
WALL STARTERS (Ext.) 6 T 12 1155 0.888 6.15
WALL STARTERS (Int.) 6 T 12 1155 0.888 6.15

NIB (assume same reinforcement as wall)


INTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 6 T 12 96 0.888 0.51
EXTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 6 T 12 96 0.888 0.51
TRANSVERSE (EXT.+ INT.) 2 T 10 1000 0.617 1.23

SUMMARY Approx total reinforcement per metre length of wall (kg) 85.4
Diagrams

Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc


Location Grid line 1 DATA FOR DIAGRAMS I
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc. sheet 1 of 2 Made by rc Job No R
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v2.3 1999-2002 BCA for RCC

DESIGN STATUS: VALID

IF(ABS(ECCY)>B/1000/2,"BEARING FAIL",IF(ABS(ECCY)>(B/1000)/6,(2*VL)/(3*((B/1000)/2-ABS(ECCY))),(VL/(B/1000)*(1+(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000)))))

IF(ECCY>(B/1000)/6,IF(XX>(B/1000/2-ECCY)*3,0,(((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3-XX)/((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3))*BP),((VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))+(B/1000-XX)/(B/1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(
(6*ECCY)/(B/1000)))))
1.5

1 36.08
0 184.34 3
BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM
0.15 162.10 3
0.3 139.86 3
0.45 117.62 3
0.6 95.38 3 0 0.5 1 1.5 2
KN/M^2

0
0.75 73.15 3
0.9 50.91 3 50

1.05 28.67 3 100

1.2 6.43 3 150


1.35 0.00 3 200 M
1.5 0.00 3
1.5 0.00 0
IF(ECCY<0,B/1000-B/1000/50*B24,B/1000/50*B24)
36.08
0 0.00 184.337 0 184.337 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
1 0.03 179.889 BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM 1 179.889 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
2 0.06 175.442 2 175.442 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
3 0.09 170.994 3 170.994 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
4 0.12 166.546 .0 .2 .4 .6 .8 .0 .2 .4 4 166.546 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
5 0.15 162.099 5 162.099 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
KN/M^2

0.000

6 0.18 157.651 6 157.651 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000


50.000
7 0.21 153.203 7 153.203 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
8 0.24 148.756 100.000 8 148.756 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
9 0.27 144.308 9 144.308 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
150.000
10 0.30 139.860 10 139.860 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11 0.33 135.413 200.000 11 135.413 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
12 0.36 130.965 M 12 130.965 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
13 0.39 126.517 13 126.517 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
14 0.42 122.070 14 122.070 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
15 0.45 117.622 15 117.622 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
16 0.48 113.174 36.08 16 113.174 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
17 0.51 108.727 BP 0 184.34 17 108.727 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
18 0.54 104.279 BPE 0 184.34 18 104.279 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
19 0.57 99.831 BPI 0.25 147.27 19 99.831 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
20 0.60 95.384 BPZ 1.5 0 20 95.384 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
21 0.63 90.936 21 90.936 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
22 0.66 86.488 22 86.488 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
23 0.69 82.041 23 82.041 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
24 0.72 77.593 24 77.593 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
25 0.75 73.145 25 73.145 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
26 0.78 68.698 26 68.698 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
27 0.81 64.250 27 64.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
28 0.84 59.802 28 59.802 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
29 0.87 55.355 29 55.355 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
30 0.90 50.907 30 50.907 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
31 0.93 46.459 31 46.459 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
32 0.96 42.012 32 42.012 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
33 0.99 37.564 33 37.564 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
34 1.02 33.116 34 33.116 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
35 1.05 28.669 35 28.669 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
36 1.08 24.221 36 24.221 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
37 1.11 19.773 37 19.773 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
38 1.14 15.326 38 15.326 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
39 1.17 10.878 39 10.878 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
40 1.20 6.430 40 6.430 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
41 1.23 1.983 41 1.983 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
42 1.26 0.000 42 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
43 1.29 0.000 43 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
44 1.32 0.000 44 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
45 1.35 0.000 45 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
46 1.38 0.000 46 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
47 1.41 0.000 47 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
48 1.44 0.000 48 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
49 1.47 0.000 49 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
50 1.50 0 50 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
0.000 0.000 0.000

Page 5
Diagrams

Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc


Location Grid line 1 DATA FOR DIAGRAMS II
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc. sheet 1 of 2 Made by rc Job No R
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v2.3 1999-2002 BCA for RCC

YY= 2 MTE= 8.89


MTLG= 0.00
MTLQ= 0.00
MTSG= 6.6666
MTSQ= 6.67
MTW= 0.00

UTM= 32.44
32.44
0 0.00 0 0.00
1 0.04 0.0117 0.04 0 5MOMENT
10 15DIAGRAM
20 25 30 35
2 0.08 0.0469 0.08
3 0.12 0.1056 0.12

00
0.
4 0.16 0.1877 0.16
5 0.20 0.2933 0.20

20
0.
6 0.24 0.4224 0.24
7 0.28 0.5749 0.28

40
0.
8 0.32 0.7509 0.32
9 0.36 0.9504 0.36 60
WALL (M)
0.

10 0.40 1.1733 0.40


11 0.44 1.4197 0.44
80
0.

12 0.48 1.6896 0.48


13 0.52 1.9829 0.52
00
1.

14 0.56 2.2997 0.56


15 0.60 2.64 0.60
20
1.

16 0.64 3.0037 0.64


17 0.68 3.3909 0.68
40
1.

18 0.72 3.8016 0.72


19 0.76 4.2357 0.76
60
1.

20 0.80 4.6933 0.80


21 0.84 5.1744 0.84
80
1.

22 0.88 5.6789 0.88


23 0.92 6.2069 0.92 ULT. MT (KNM)
00
2.

24 0.96 6.7584 0.96


25 1.00 7.3333 1.00
26 1.04 7.9317 1.04
27 1.08 8.5536 1.08
28 1.12 9.1989 1.12
29 1.16 9.8677 1.16
30 1.20 10.56 1.20
31 1.24 11.276 1.24
32 1.28 12.015 1.28
33 1.32 12.778 1.32
34 1.36 13.564 1.36
35 1.40 14.373 1.40
36 1.44 15.206 1.44
37 1.48 16.063 1.48
38 1.52 17.015 1.52
39 1.56 18.073 1.56
40 1.60 19.172 1.60
41 1.64 20.309 1.64
42 1.68 21.488 1.68
43 1.72 22.707 1.72
44 1.76 23.968 1.76
45 1.80 25.272 1.80
46 1.84 26.618 1.84
47 1.88 28.008 1.88
48 1.92 29.442 1.92
49 1.96 30.921 1.96
50 2.00 32.444 2.00

0 0
0 350 WALL GEOMETRY
0 350 4000
WALL (mm)

0 2350
3500
250 2350
3000
250 350
1500 350 2500

1500 0 2000
0 0 1500
0 0
1000
0 0
500
0 0
0 0 0
0

1000

2000

4000
3000

2350 1500 BASE ( mm)

Page 6
Diagrams

ade by rc Job No R68


Date 4-Dec-17

000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(1-

0.03 5.530
0.03 5.397
0.03 5.263
0.03 5.130
0.03 4.996
0.03 4.863
0.03 4.730
0.03 4.596
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
40.505

Page 7
Diagrams

ade by rc Job No R68


Date 4-Dec-17

Page 8
Project Spreadsheets to BS 8110etc
Location Grid line 1 CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. BS 8004:1986 etc. Made by rc Job No R68
Originated from 'RCC62.xls' v2.3 1999-2002 BCA for RCC Date 4-Dec-17

WALL
MR= 14.08 MIN SPACING= 594 ASreq = 401.83 fs = 217.92Asprov%= 0.2915
As/bd= 0.003 MSBB= 762 ASBBreq 0.01 fs = 0.0054Asprov%= 0.1923
X= 48.19 MSBT= 762 ASBTreq 265.94 fs = 144.22Asprov%= 0.1923
Ic= 206624543
STS= 0.0011
ST1= 0.0015
ST2= 0.0012348
Acr= 108.61239
W= 0.06
em= 0.0003

MR= 14.08 MR= 14.08


AsBB/bd= 0.0019 AsBB/bd= 0.0019
X= 60.93 X= 60.93
Ic= 508022641 Ic= 508022641
STS= 0.0000 STS= 0.0007
ST1= 0.0000 ST1= 0.0009
ST2= 0.001585 ST2= 0.001585
Acr= 108.61239 Acr= 108.61239
W= -0.37 W= -0.1599
em= -0.0016 em= -0.0007

Page 9
Notes

Disclaimer
All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or Reinforced Concrete
Council is intended for those who will evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents
and take responsibility for its use and application. No liability (including that for negligence)
for any loss resulting from such advice or information is accepted by the BCA, RCC or their
subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all BCA software and
publications are subject to revision from time to time and should therefore ensure that they
are in possession of the latest version.

This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication

Status of spreadsh This spreadsheet is shareware. It may be distributed freely, but may
Public release version not be used for commercial purposes until the user has registered
with the RCC.
Revision history RCC62 Retaining Wall.xls

Date Version Action


Names of sides of base on DESIGN sheet changed from
21-Oct-04RCC62 v2.3
"outside" and " inside" to "unloaded" and "loaded".
### RCC62 v2.2 Correction when distance X to line load 0.
22-Jan-03 RCC62 v2.1 DETR logo replaced by DTI.
11-Oct-02RCC62 v2.0 Version 2 enhancements
### RCC62 v1.4 Data! Main graphic changed to jpeg
16-Jun-01 RCC62 v1.3 Crack width calculation to outer base amended
Buoyance option + notes added. Passive pressure reduction
15-Apr-01 RCC62 v1.2
factor rectified
Crack width w for top of inner base amended. Notes re crack
24-Mar-00RCC62 v1.1
widths and cracking added in DATA!
First public release.
6-Aug-99 RCC62 v1.0
Includes b version comments

Page 10
Notes

einforced Concrete
tions of its contents
hat for negligence)
e BCA, RCC or their
BCA software and
re ensure that they

anying publication

ed freely, but may


er has registered

Size (kB)
580

565
563
583
365
365
398

398

398

Page 11