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STANDARD

SPECIFICATIONS FOR
CONSTRUCTION WORKS
2008

Module 08 Painting and Decorating


Introduction
The Standard Specification is published in a series of 21 stand-alone modules each addressing single

distinct areas of the construction process. This stand-alone module 08 addresses the main aspects of

painting and decorating in general.

The purpose of the MoW STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION is to provide the

design professional with a guide for accepted construction practices for Ministry of Works projects. As

an aid to the designer, these Standard Specifications are provided for the inclusion in proposed

development projects for ease, efficiency and cost savings.

The Standard Specifications are not intended to limit the design responsibility of the design

professional. However, they establish a minimum acceptable criterion and/or quality for use within

Ministry of Works projects.

The design professional may increase the requirements of an item contained in the Standard

Specifications to meet job requirements, but when this is done, there should be no reference for that

item on the drawings to the Ministry of Works Standard Specifications and a new specification should

be included with the drawings or project contract documents.

The design professional must review all Standard Specifications to be sure that they are adequate for

the proposed project based on the job site conditions; the design professional is solely responsible for

the designs submitted under his seal.

In order to keep design standards current with changing regulations and improved construction

materials and practices this section will be updated and maintained by the concerned authorities of the

Ministry of Works. Prior to starting a new project, the design professional should contact the concerned

Directorate of the Ministry of Works to verify that he/she has the latest document revisions.

Page 1
Module List
Module
No Module Title
1 Guidance and General Specifications

2 Concrete

3 Earthworks

4 Glass and Glazing

5 Joinery and Carpentry

6 Ironmongery

7 Internal Finishes including Thermal Insulation

8 Painting and Decorating (Internal & External)

9 Metalwork

10 Roofing

11 Structural Steel (and Coatings)

12 Structural Timber

13 Masonry

14 Plumbing and Sanitary

15 Mechanical Installation in Buildings

16 Electrical Installation

17 Sewerage, Pipelines and Pipework

18 Sewerage M&E Works

19 Roadworks

20 Landscaping

21 Dredging, Reclamation and Shoreline Protection

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Table of Contents

CLAUSE DESCRIPTION PAGE

Introduction 1

Module Index 2

Table of Contents 3

Foreword 4

1. PART 1 GENERAL 5
1.1 Quality Control.. 5
1.2 Submittals..... 5
1.3 Product Delivery, Storage & Handling.. 5
1.4 Spare Materials.... 5

2. PART 2 MATERIAL & WORKMANSHIP 5


2.1 Materials Internal...... 5
2.2 Materials External... 10
2.3 Workmanship..... 12
2.4 Execution. 13

3. PART 3 SUMMARY 14
3.1 Protection 14
3.2 Cleaning...... 14
3.3 Tests............................................................................................................. 14
3.4 Maintenance and Safety............................................................................... 14
3.5 Reference Documents..................................................................................14

Abbreviations 18

Page 3
Foreword
This specification provides the basis for painting and decorating in building construction. It covers the

provision of all plant, labour and materials for performing all operations in connection with painting and

decorating.

This specification must be read in its entirety, as it is structured in order of work-flow, which means that

items or activities appear in several places in the specification corresponding to the progression of the

construction process.

For larger or more complex or specialist projects, a project-specific Particular Specification for painting

and decorating may also be provided.

Absence of clauses for materials and methods does not necessarily signify that they can not be used.

Proposals for use of innovative methods and materials are encouraged and are subject to review and

approval by the Client.

Where the word approved is used in this specification, this means that the Client or Engineer has been

consulted and has confirmed that the item or procedure is acceptable in the specific context for which

approval has been requested.

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1. PART 1 GENERAL

1.1 Quality Control

Block fillers, primers, and finish-coat materials shall be provided that are compatible with one
another and with the substrates indicated under conditions of service and application, as
demonstrated by manufacturers based on testing and field experience.

Chromates and lead are not permitted in any paints.

The Contractor shall ensure that he complies with the latest regulations issued by the
Government of Bahrain and that full consideration is given to the health and safety of
operatives when handling and installing the Works.

1.2 Submittals

The Contractor shall submit the following information on each product to be used, including:

Manufacturer's data sheets.


Material List: An inclusive list of required coating materials; indicating each material and
cross-referencing specific coating, finish system, and application; and identifying each
material by manufacturer's catalogue number and general classification.
Preparation instructions and recommendations: Manufacturer's technical information,
including label analysis and instructions for handling, storing, and applying each coating
material; also a warranty letter for five years is to be submitted prior to the approval.
Selection Samples: For each finish product specified, two complete sets of colour chips
representing manufacturer's full range of available colours and patterns, and one sample
for testing.
Verification Samples: For each finish product specified, two samples, minimum size
1,000 mm2, representing actual product, colour and patterns.
Technical Data: As far as possible all paints should be from an ISO certified supplier and
of premium quality throughout.
Catalogue of all paints to be used with technical specifications relating to coverage, dry
and wet film thickness and method of application.

1.3 Product Delivery, Storage & Handling

All materials shall be stored in a clean, dry, undercover air conditioned area in accordance
with manufacturers recommendations until required for use.

1.4 Spare Materials

One container of each type of paint used in the project shall be provided for reference and re-
ordering, or 1 ltr of paint for each 50 ltr of paint used (but not less than 1 Gal or 3.8 ltr).

All paint colours/descriptions shall be included in the as built manuals.

2. PART 2 MATERIAL & WORKMANSHIP

2.1 Materials Internal

All materials shall be delivered to site in sound and sealed containers, clearly labelled with the
following information:

Type of material
Brand name

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Intended use
Manufacturers batch number
Toxic sign
Inflammable sign

All batch deliveries must be used in strict order of delivery. Only approved paint materials in
marked, undamaged containers shall be used. All materials whose pot life has expired shall
be rejected and removed from site.

All paints other than water-based and bituminous paints are to be delivered in containers of
5 ltr maximum size.

All paints used shall comply with BS 5439 or BS 6150.

2.1.1 Accessories

Accessories shall comply with the following standards:

White spirit: BS 245 Type A


Linseed oil putty: BS 544
Knotting fluid: BS 1336
Paint remover: BS 3761

2.1.2 Paint Systems

DFT = Dry film thickness (measured in microns): shall comply with BS EN ISO 12944.

DFT shall be measured and accepted under criteria in BS EN ISO 1513.

Systems shall comply with the following clauses:

2.1.2.1 Concrete and Masonry (other than concrete masonry units)

Lusterless (Flat) Latex Finish: 2 coats

o First coat: Interior Flat Latex Base paint (MPI 53)


o Interior Flat Odourless Alkyd Paint (MPI 49)

Semi-Gloss Enamel Finish: 3 coats with total dry film thickness not less than 85
microns

o First coat: Interior Flat Latex Base paint (MPI 53)


o Second Coat: Interior Enamels Undercoat (MPI 45)
o Third Coat: Odourless Interior semi-gloss alkyd enamel (MPI 47).

2.1.2.2 Concrete

Interior Polyester Epoxy in gloss or semi-gloss finish: 3 coats with total dry film
thickness not less than 100 microns.

o First Coat: Interior Latex Emulsion (MPI 52)


o Second & Third Coat: Polyester Epoxy (MPI 98)

Lusterless (Flat) Emulsion Finish: 2 finished coatings over filled surface

o Filler Coat: solvent-thinned block filler (MPI 116). Filler coat applied at a rate to
ensure complete coverage with pored filled.
o First and Second Finish Coats: Interior Latex Emulsion (MPI 52)

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Semi-Gloss Alkyd Enamel Finish: 2 coats over filled surface with total dry film
thickness of not less than 85 microns, excluding filler coat.

o Filler Coat: Solvent-thinned Block Filler (MPI 116). Filler coat applied at a rate to
ensure complete coverage with pored filled.
o First Coat: Enamel under-coated (MPI 43)
o Second Coat: Odourless Interior Alkyd Semi-Gloss Enamel (MPI 47)

2.1.2.3 Acrylic Co-Polymer Washable Emulsion (for gypsum board, plaster, ceilings, masonry
walls, and so on)

Smooth finish (matt, gloss, eggshell)

o PVA primer/sealer 1 coat (if required)


o Stucco filler 2 coats
o Undercoat 1 coat
o Topcoat 2 coats

Textured finish (heavy or light)

o PVA primer/sealer 1 coat


o Texture 2 coats

2.1.2.4 Alkyd Enamel Semi Gloss (To BS EN ISO 6744:1-4:2004.)

Humid areas & concrete block walls

o PVA primer/sealer 1 coat


o Stucco filler 1 coat
o Undercoat 1 coat
o Enamel (semi gloss) 2 coats

Skirting, joinery, doors, and so on

o Wood primer 1 coat


o Stucco 2 coats
o Undercoat (semi gloss) 1 coat
o Gloss enamel, 2 coats

2.1.2.5 Antistatic Paint

Epoxy oil-resistant antistatic: for interior walls of various oil storages (petrol, diesel,
and so on)

Application: by air spray, brush or roller or airless spray

Steel surface shall be rust removed, clean and dry. Ambient temperature during
application shall be > 10C and relative humidity 85% or less.

Epoxy Antistatic Finish: for Floors and Walls

Application: By airless spray, brush or roller or air spray

All cracks, joints, protrusions and hollow spots shall be filled and repaired correctly.

Surface shall be treated with sealer and paired with conductive copper film connecting
ground, or other conductive coating.

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2.1.2.6 Burn Barrier Coating

Surface Preparation: The surfaces (plywood, fibreboard) shall be coated with specified
paints before applying burn barrier coating.

2.1.2.7 Antibacterial Paints

Hygienic epoxy floor coating guarding against bacteria, shall be applied in accordance
with manufacturers instructions.

2.1.2.8 Acoustic Paints

Non toxic, fast drying and sound dampening characteristics


Application shall be by brush, roller or spray; 2 thin layers of primer of specified quality.

2.1.2.9 Acid Resistant Coatings

Chemical resistance surfaces shall be prepared in accordance with ASTM D 4259 or


ACI 503 R and the manufacturers recommendations.
Floor and wall coatings shall be applied in two coats minimum 6 mm-8 mm applied
thickness per coat.

2.1.2.10 Wood Stain

Alkyd/oil based

o Wood stain 2 to 3 coats


o Synthetic varnish 1 to 2 coats

Wood stain (water based): 2 to 3 coats

2.1.2.11 Varnish

(To BS EN ISO 2808, BS EN ISO 2811: Parts 1 to 4, BS EN ISO 3678, BS EN ISO 4623:
Parts 1 & 2, BS EN ISO 4628: Parts 1 to 10, BS EN ISO 4624 & BS EN ISO 1513)

Clear or gloss varnish 1 coat diluted


Clear or gloss varnish 1 to 2 coats

2.1.2.12 Polyurethane

Sanding sealer 2 to 3 coats


Clear polyurethane 2 coats

2.1.2.13 Lacquer

Sanding sealer 2 to 3 coats


Clear lacquer 2 coats

2.1.2.14 Structural Steel

Alkyd based paint system, for non-polluted areas

o Red Oxide Primer 2 x 35 microns


o Undercoat 2 x 35-40 microns
o Enamel gloss I or II 1 x 25-40 microns
o Total dft: 165-190 (5 coats)

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Alkyd based paint system, for polluted areas

o Red Oxide Primer 2 x 35 microns


o Undercoat 2 x 35-40 microns
o Enamel gloss I or II 2 x 25-40 microns
o Total dft: 190-230 (6 coats)

Epoxy based system

o Red Oxide Primer 1 x 50 microns


o Undercoat 2 x 100-125 microns
o Top coat 1 x 50 microns
o Total dft: 300-350 (4 coats)

2.1.2.15 Ferrous Metal

Lusterless (Flat) Finish: 2 finish coats with total dry film thickness not less than 65
microns

o Prime Coat: Red Lead Base Primer (MPI 107). Prime coat shall not be required on
items delivered shop primed.
o First and Second Finish Coats: Interior Flat Latex Base Paint (MPI 53)

Semi-Gloss Enamel Finish: 2 coats over primer with total dry film thickness not less
than 65 microns

o Prime Coat: Red Lead Base Primer (MPI 107). Prime coat shall not be required on
items delivered shop primed.
o First Coat: Interior Enamel Undercoat (MPI 45)
o Second Coat: Odourless Interior Semi-Gloss Enamel (MPI 47)

Full Gloss Enamel Finish: 2 coats over primer with total dry film thickness not less
than 65 microns

o Prime Coat: Red Lead Base Primer (MPI 107). Prime coat shall not be required on
items delivered shop primed.
o First Coat: Enamel Undercoater (MPI 45).
o Second Coat: Alkyd Gloss Enamel (MPI 48)

2.1.2.16 Galvanized/Non Ferrous Metals

Alkyd based paint system (general)

o Wash primer 1 x 10
o Alkyd based primer 1 x 50
o Undercoat 1 x 40-50
o Enamel gloss I or II 1 x 40
o Total dft: 140-150 (4 coats)

Galvanized metal decking, copper pipes & fittings, and so on

o Wash primer 1 x 10
o Alkyd based primer 1 x 40
o Reinforced undercoat 1 x 40
o Top coat (gloss) 1 x 40
o Total dft: 130

2.1.2.17 Epoxy Flooring

Epoxy (thin bed)

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o primer 1 coat
o epoxy topcoat 2 coats

Solvent free epoxy

o primer 1 coat
o epoxy topcoat 1 to 2 coats

High build epoxy

o primer 1 coat
o basecoat 1 to 2 coats
o epoxy topcoat 1 coat

2.1.2.18 Painted Woodwork and Hardboard

Semi-Gloss Enamel Finish: 3 coats

o First Coat: Interior Enamel Undercoat (MPI 45)


o Second and Third Coats: Odourless Interior Semi-Gloss Enamel (MPI 47)

Full Gloss Enamel: 3 coats

o First Coat: Enamel Undercoater (MPI 45).


o Second and Third Coats: Alkyd Gloss Enamel (MPI 48).

2.1.2.19 Stained Woodwork

Stained-Varnish Rubbed Finish: 3 finish coats over stain plus filler on open grain
wood

o Stain Coat: Interior Spirit-Based Stain


o First Coat: Bleached Shellac
o Filler Coat on Open Grain Wood: Paste Wood Fillers (MPI 91). Wipe before first
varnish coat
o Second and Third Coats: Oil Rubbing Varnish

Stained-Polyurethane Lacquered Finish: 3 finish coats over stain

o Stain Coat: Interior Spirit-Based Stain


o 3 coats polyurethane lacquer are to be cut down between coats 1 and 2, and 2 and 3,
with fine wire wool gloss finish

2.1.2.20 Cotton or Canvas Covering over Insulation

Flat Latex Emulsion "Size": 2 coats

o First and Second Coats: Interior Flat Latex Base Paint (MPI 53). Add fungicidal agent
to render fabric mildew-proof

2.2 Materials External

The following paint systems shall be provided for various substrates, as indicated.

Lusterless (Flat) Acrylic Finish: 2 coats with total dry film, thickness not less than 65
microns

o First and second coats: Acrylic Emulsion (MPI 10)

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Lusterless (Flat) Polyvinyl Acetate Finish: 2 coats with total dry film thickness not less
than 65 microns

o First and second coats: Polyvinyl Acetate Copolymer Emulsion (MPI 10)

Heavy Duty Textured Coating: One coat with total dry film, thickness less than 375
microns

o First Coat: Heavy duty, textured coating

2.2.1 Concrete Masonry Units

Lusterless (Flat) Acrylic Finish: 2 coats over filler with total dry film thickness not less
than 65 microns

o Filler Coat: Solvent trimmed block for process surfaces (MPI 116).
o First and second finish coats: Acrylic Emulsion (MPI 10)

Heavy Duty Texture Coatings: 2 coats with total dry film thickness not less than 65
microns.

o First and Second Coats: heavy duty, textured coating.

2.2.2 Liquid Ceramic Coating

Prime: Liquid Ceramic Sealer


Cementitious Primer
Fungicide: Fungus Spray
Concrete Filler: Liquid Ceramic
2 finish coats

2.2.3 Fluorescent Paints

Fluorescent Paints are to be applied on surfaces clean, dry and free from dust and
grease.
Prime coat: with a good quality and primer/sealer
Final coat: Fluorescent Paint 2 mil dry film.

2.2.4 Alkyd Enamel Exposed wood (to BS EN 927-1)

Alkyd based wood primer 1 coat


Undercoat semi gloss 1 coat
Enamel gloss 2 coats

2.2.5 Alkyd Enamel Primed ferrous metal

Alkyd based primer 1 touch up coat


Alkyd based primer 1 full coat 40 microns
Reinforced undercoat 1 x 40
Glossy top coat 1 x 40

2.2.6 Alkyd Enamel Galvanized / zinc coated

Wash primer 2 pack 1 coat


Alkyd based primer 1 x 40
reinforced undercoat 1 x 40
glossy top coat 1 x 40
Total dft: 120 min

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2.2.7 Polyurethane Exposed In-situ Concrete Finishes

Epoxy clear varnish 20% diluted. Mixed 4:1


Clear polyurethane Mix ratio 9:1
Mix Ratio: mixing of varnish: polyurethane 4:1or 9:1

2.2.8 Glass Reinforced Concrete (GRC) Orange Peel Effect

Epoxy varnish1 coat (20% diluted) Ratio 4:1


Hi build 2 pack epoxy 1 coat. Mix ratio 4:1
Epoxy filler As required. Mix ratio 2:1
Hi build 2 pack epoxy 1 coat (orange peel)
2 pack polyurethane 2 coats. Mix ratio 2:1
Mix Ratio: mixing of varnish: high build 2 pack epoxy 4:1or 2:1

2.2.9 Glass Reinforced Plastic (GRP)

2 pack epoxy hi build 1 x 125


2 part polyurethane 2 x 50
Total dft: 225

2.2.10 Kerb Stones

2 coats acrylic based road marking paint

2.2.11 Concrete Planters (interior of)

Epoxy varnish1 coat (20% diluted) Ratio 4:1


Coal tar epoxy 2 x 125. Ratio 4:1
Mix ratio: mixing of varnish: coal tar epoxy 4:1

2.2.12 Proprietary/Decorative Finishes

Application to manufacturers recommendations.

2.3 Workmanship

2.3.1 Preparation

Ironmongery and accessories, plates, machined surfaces, lighting fixtures, and similar items
already installed that are not to be painted shall be removed. If removal is impractical or
impossible because of size or weight of the item, surface-applied protection shall be provided
before surface preparation and painting. After completing painting operations in each space
or area, items removed shall be reinstalled using workers skilled in the trades involved.

2.3.2 Concrete, Plaster and Masonry Substrates

Prepare concrete, brick, concrete masonry block, and cement plaster surfaces to be coated
shall be prepared by removing efflorescence, chalk, dust, dirt, grease, oils, and release
agents, followed by roughening as required to remove glaze. If hardeners or sealers have
been used to improve curing, mechanical methods shall be used to prepare surfaces.

Abrasive blast-cleaning methods shall be used if recommended by coating manufacturer,


such as high pressure water cleaning (minimum 2,200 psi). Blast cleaning shall be in
accordance with BS EN ISO 8501: Part 1, BS 7079, BS EN ISO 8503: Parts 1 to 4.
Alkalinity and moisture content of surfaces shall be determined by performing appropriate
tests. If surfaces are sufficiently alkaline to cause the finish paint to blister and burn, this

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condition shall be corrected before application. Surfaces shall not be coated if moisture
content exceeds that permitted in manufacturer's written instructions.

2.3.3 Wood Substrates

Surfaces shall be cleaned of dirt, oil, and other foreign substances with scrapers, mineral
spirits, and sandpaper, as required. Surfaces exposed to view shall be sanded smooth and
dusted off.

Small, dry, seasoned knots shall be scraped and cleaned and a thin coat of white shellac or
other recommended knot sealer shall be applied before applying primer.

Edges, ends, faces, undersides, and backsides of wood to be coated, shall be primed
immediately on delivery.

After priming, holes and imperfections in the finish surfaces shall be filled with putty or plastic
wood filler, and sanded smooth when dried.

Moisture content of surfaces shall be determined by performing a moisture test. Coating


shall not proceed if moisture content exceeds 15%.

2.3.4 Ferrous Metal Substrates

Clean ungalvanized ferrous-metal surfaces that have not been shop coated shall be cleaned
by removing oil, grease, dirt, loose mill scale, and other foreign substances. Solvent or
mechanical cleaning methods that comply with SIS recommendations shall be used. Finishes
shall comply with BS EN ISO 12944: Parts 1 to 8.

Bare and sandblasted or pickled clean metal shall be treated with a metal treatment
wash coat before priming.
Touch up bare areas and shop-applied prime coats that have been damaged shall be
touched up, by wire brushing, solvent cleaning, and touching up with the same primer
as the shop coat.

2.3.5 Galvanized or Aluminium Substrates

Nonferrous and galvanized surfaces shall be cleaned according to manufacturer's written


instructions for the type of service, metal substrate, and application required. Pretreatment
shall be removed from galvanized sheet metal fabricated from coil stock, by mechanical
methods.

2.4 Execution

Surfaces to be painted shall be cleaned and prepared according to manufacturer's written


instructions for each particular substrate condition and as specified. All coatings shall be
applied under suitable site conditions of temperature and humidity as given in the
manufacturer's instructions.

Barrier coats shall be provided over incompatible primers or these shall be removed and
substrates re-primed.

Coatings shall be applied by brush, roller, spray, or other applicators according to


manufacturer's written instructions. All application tools shall be cleaned and undamaged.
Where the material appears to be defective the Contractor shall contact the manufacturer
immediately.

The number of coats and film thickness required is the same regardless of
application method.
Completed work shall match approved samples for colour, texture, and coverage.

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Work that does not comply with specified requirements shall be removed, refinished
or recoated.

3. PART 3 SUMMARY

3.1 Protection

Work of other trades shall be protected, whether being painted or not, against damage from
painting, by use of dust sheets or polythene sheeting. Damage shall be corrected by cleaning,
repairing or replacing, and repainting, as approved by Engineer.

"Wet Paint" signs shall be provided to protect newly painted finishes. After completing
painting operations, temporary protective wrappings provided by others to protect their work,
shall be removed.

After work of other trades is complete, damaged or defaced painted surfaces shall be
touched up and restored.

3.2 Cleaning

Before applying paint or other surface treatments, substrates of substances that could impair
bond of the various coatings shall be cleaned, after removing oil and grease.

Cleaning and painting shall be scheduled so dust and other contaminants from the cleaning
process will not fall on wet, newly painted surfaces.

After completing painting, glass and paint-spattered surfaces shall be cleaned. Spattered
paint shall be removed by washing and scraping without scratching or damaging adjacent
finished surfaces.

3.3 Tests

DFT (dry film thickness) shall be checked on externally painted steelwork as requested by the
Engineer for verification.

Chemical analysis of painting materials may be required at discretion of Engineer.

Substrate humidity check & alkali content may be required at discretion of Engineer.

3.4 Maintenance and Safety

All precautions are to be taken when using paints with solvents in confined areas.

Arrangements for natural or forced ventilation must be made.

Suitable arrangement and access to enable painting at high levels shall be made by
scaffolding or mobile platforms.

3.5 Reference Documents

3.5.1 Standards

Reference Title

ASTM D4259 Standard practice for abrading concrete


BS 245 Specification for mineral solvents (white spirit and related
hydrocarbon solvents) for paints and other purposes

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BS 544 Specification for linseed oil putty for use in wooden frames
BS 1336 Specification for knotting
BS 3761 Specification for solvent-based paint remover
BS 7079 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products
BS EN 927: Part 1 Paints and varnishes. Coating materials and coating systems
for exterior wood. Classification and selection
BS EN ISO 1513 Paints and varnishes. Examination and preparation of samples
for testing
BS EN ISO 2808 Paints and varnishes. Determination of film thickness
BS EN ISO 2811: Part 1 Paints and varnishes. Determination of density. Pyknometer
method
BS EN ISO 2811: Part 2 Paints and varnishes. Determination of density. Immersed body
(plummet) method
BS EN ISO 2811: Part 3 Paints and varnishes. Determination of density. Oscillation
method
BS EN ISO 2811: Part 4 Paints and varnishes. Determination of density. Pressure cup
method
BS EN ISO 3678 Paints and varnishes. Print free test
BS EN ISO 4623: Part 1 Paints and varnishes. Determination of resistance to filiform
corrosion. Steel substrates
BS EN ISO 4623: Part 2 Paints and varnishes. Determination of resistance to filiform
corrosion. Aluminium substrates
BS EN ISO 4624 Paints and varnishes. Pull-off test for adhesion
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 1 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. General introduction and
designation system
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 2 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
blistering
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 3 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
rusting
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 4 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
cracking
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 5 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
flaking
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 6 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
chalking by tape method
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 7 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
chalking by velvet method
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 8 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
delamination and corrosion around a scribe
BS EN ISO 4628: Part 10 Paints and varnishes. Evaluation of degradation of coatings.
Designation of quantity and size of defects, and of intensity of
uniform changes in appearance. Assessment of degree of
filiform corrosion

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BS EN ISO 6744: Part 1 Binders for paints and varnishes. Alkyd resins. General
methods
BS EN ISO 6744: Part 2 Binders for paints and varnishes. Alkyd resins. Determination of
phthalic anhydride content
BS EN ISO 6744: Part 3 Binders for paints and varnishes. Alkyd resins. Determination of
unsaponifiable matter content
BS EN ISO 6744: Part 4 Binders for paints and varnishes. Alkyd resins. Determination of
fatty acid content
BS EN ISO 8501: Part 1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products. Visual assessment of surface cleanliness.
Rust grades and preparation grades of uncoated steel
substrates and of steel substrates after overall removal of
previous coatings
BS EN ISO 8503: Part 1 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products. Surface roughness characteristics of blast
-cleaned steel substrates. Specifications and definitions for ISO
surface profile comparators for the assessment of abrasive
blast-cleaned surfaces
BS EN ISO 8503: Part 2 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products. Surface roughness characteristics of
blast-cleaned steel substrates. Method for the grading of
surface profile of abrasive blast-cleaned steel. Comparator
procedure
BS EN ISO 8503: Part 3 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products. Surface roughness characteristics of
blast-cleaned steel substrates. Method for the calibration of ISO
surface profile comparators and for the determination of surface
profile. Focusing microscope procedure
BS EN ISO 8503: Part 4 Preparation of steel substrates before application of paints and
related products. Surface roughness characteristics of
blast-cleaned steel substrates. Method for the calibration of ISO
surface profile comparators and for the determination of surface
profile. Stylus instrument procedure
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 1 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. General introduction
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 2 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. Classification of environments
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 3 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. Design considerations
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 4 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. Types of surface and surface
preparation
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 5 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. Protective paint systems
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 6 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. Laboratory performance test methods
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 7 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. Execution and supervision of
paintwork
BS EN ISO 12944: Part 8 Paints and varnishes. Corrosion protection of steel structures by
protective paint systems. Development of specifications for new
work and maintenance

3.5.2 Codes of Practice

Reference Title

BS 5493 Code of practice for protective coating of iron and steel


structures against corrosion

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BS 6150 Painting of buildings. Code of practice

3.5.3 Publications

ACI 503R Use of epoxy compounds with concrete


MPI 10 Latex, Exterior Flat (MPI Gloss Level 1)
MPI 45 Primer Sealer, Alkyd, Interior
MPI 47 Alkyd, Interior, Semi-Gloss (MPI Gloss Level 5)
MPI 48 Alkyd, Interior, Gloss (MPI Gloss Level 6)
MPI 49 Alkyd, Interior, Flat (MPI Gloss Level 1)
MPI 52 Latex, Interior, (MPI Gloss Level 3)
MPI 53 Latex, Interior, Flat (MPI Gloss Level 1)
MPI 98 Epoxy, High Build, Gloss
MPI 107 Primer, Rust-Inhibitive, Water Based
MPI 116 Block Filler, Epoxy

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Abbreviations
ACB Air Circuit Breakers EMC Electromagnetic Compatibility
ACOP Approved Code of Practice EPDM Ethylene-propylene-diene-monomer
ACRIB Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Industry copolymer
Board FA Fresh Air
ADCM Acoustic Doppler Current Meters FBA Factory Built Assembly
AFMA Australian Fisheries Management Authority FRP Fibre Reinforced Polymer
AGMA American Gear Manufacturers Association FSC Forest Stewardship Council
AISI American Iron and Steel Institute GANA Glass Association of North America
AS Acceptance Strength GGBS Ground Granulated Blast-furnace Slag
ASTA Association of Short-circuit Testing GMS Galvanized Mild Steel
Authorities GRC Glass Reinforced Cement/Glass Reinforced
ASTM American Society for Testing Materials Concrete
ATS Automatic Transfer Switch GRP Glass Reinforced Plastics
AWS American Welding Society HCFC Hydrofluorocarbons
BASEC British Approval Service for Electric Cables HDPE High Density Polyethylene
BOCA Building Officials and Code Administrators HEPA High Efficiency Particulate Air
BRE Building Research Establishment Ltd. HFC HydroFluoroCarbon
BS British Standards HPL High Pressure Laminate
BSRIA Building Service Research and Information HPPE Higher Performance Polyethylene
Association HRC High Rupturing Capacity
CBR California Bearing Ratio HSE Health and Safety Executive
CCTV Close Circuit Television HSFG High Strength Friction Grip
CECOMAF Comit Europen des Constructeurs de HV High Voltage
Matriel Frigorifique HVCA Heating and Ventilating Contractors
CENELEC Comit Europen de Normalisation Association
Electrotechnique ICBO International Conference of Building Officials
CFC Chlorofluorocarbons IGCC Insulating Glass Certification Council
CIBSE Chartered Institution of Building Services IGE/UP Institution of Gas Engineers Utilization
Engineers Procedures
CHW Chilled Water IP Ingress Protection
CI Cast Iron ISAT Initial Surface Absorption Test
CLW Cooling Water ISO International Standard Organization
CM Current Margin / Communication cable ITP Inspection Testing Plan
CMP Communication cable (Plenum) KD Kiln Dried
CP Code of Practice kVA Kilovolt Ampere
CPC Circuit Protection Conductor LCD Liquid Crystal Display
CPT Cone Penetration Testing LED Light Emitting Diode
CRS Categorised Required Strength LPG Liquid Petroleum Gas
CRT Cathode Ray Tube LS0H Low Smoke Zero Halogen
CRZ Capillary Rise Zone LSF Low Smoke and Fume
CT Current Transformer LV Low Voltage
c(UL) Underwriters Laboratories Incorporated MCB Miniature Circuit Breaker
(Canada) MCC Motor Control Centre
DEO Defence Estate Organisation MCCB Moulded Case Circuit Breakers
DFT Dry Film Thickness MDF Medium Density Fireboard
DI Ductile Iron MDD Maximum Dry Density
DIN Deutsches Institut fr Normung MDPE Medium Density Polyethylene
DPC Damp Proof Course MEP Mechanical Electrical Plumbing
DPDT Differential Pressure, Differential MICC Mineral Insulated Copper Covered Cable
Temperature MIO Micaceous Iron Oxide
DS Durability Strength MMI Man Machine Interface
DVR Digital Video Recorder MOD Ministry of Defence
DW Ductwork Specification MS Micro-silica
EA Exhaust Air MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet
ECMA European Computer Manufacturers MSRPC Moderate Sulphate Resistance Portland
Association Cement
EA Exhaust Air N Nitrogen
ECMA European Computer Manufacturers NDFT Nominal Dry Film Thickness
Association NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association
ECR Extra Chemical Resistant NFPA National Fire Protection Association
EIA Environmental Impact Assessment/ NRC Noise Reduction Coefficient
Electronic Industries Alliance NS Norwegian Standard

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O/D Outside Diameter
ODP Ozone Depletion Potential
OFS Oil Fired (Appliance/Equipment) Standard
OFTEC Oil Firing Technical Association
O&M Operation and Maintenance
OPC Ordinary Portland Cement
PD Published Documents
PE Polyethylene
PFA Pulverised Fuel Ash
PFC Power Factor Correction
PM Project Manager
PTFE Polytetrafluoroethylene
PVC Polyvinylchloride
PVC-u Unplasticised Polyvinylchloride
PWTAG Pool Water Treatment Advisory Group
QA/QC Quality Assurance/Quality Control
RA Return/Recycled Air
RCCD Residual Current Circuit Breaker
RCD Residual Current Device
R&D Research and Development
REFCOM Register of Companies Competent to handle
refrigerants
RPM Reinforced Plastic Mortar
RPZ Reduced Pressure Zone
RTD Resistant Temperature Detector
RTR Reinforced Thermosetting Resin
SA Supply Air
SBCCI Southern Building Code Congress
International (Incorporated)
SDR Standard Dimension Ratio
SIS Swedish Institute of Standards
SP Super-plasticizing
SPDT Single Pole Double Throw
SRPC Sulphate Resistance Portland Cement
SS Structural Strength
SSPC Steel Structures Painting Council
TIA Telecommunication Industry Association
TRA Trussed Rafter Association
UL Underwriters Laboratories Incorporated
ULPA Ultra Low Penetration Air
UP Unsaturated Polyester Resin
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair
UV Ultra Violet
VC Vitrified Clay
VR Video Recorder
WBP Weather and Boil Proof
W/C Water Cement Ratio
WIS Water Industry Specification
WP Water Proofing
WRAS Water Regulations Advisory Scheme
XLPE Cross Linked Polyethylene

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