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English for Nursing Vocabulary

word
meaning example sentence
part of speech
tidak normal; tidak khas atau This amount of weight loss is
abnormal
biasa atau sesuai dengan abnormal for women your
adj
norma age.
ache sakit I can't sleep because my knees
noun/verb merasakan sakit fisik ache in the night.
We knew the baby was
sangat tajam atau intens
acute coming right away because
mengalami onset yang cepat
adj the woman's labour pains
dan pendek tapi parah.
were acute.
reaksi hipersensitivitas
terhadap alergen tertentu;
allergynoun gejala dapat sangat bervariasi Your son is extremely
allergicadj dalam intensitas allergic to peanuts.
ditandai dengan atau
disebabkan oleh alergi
ambulance kendaraan yang membawa We called the ambulance
noun orang ke dan dari rumah sakit when Josh stopped breathing.
amnesia hilangnya sebagian atau total I can't remember the accident
noun memori because I had amnesia.
sebuah operasi pengangkatan
We had to amputate his leg
amputationnoun semua atau sebagian dari
because the infection spread
amputateverb anggota tubuh
so quickly.
pengangkatan/ pelepasan
kekurangan sel darah merah
anaemianoun I have low energy because I
berkaitan dengan anemia
anaemicadj am anaemic.
menderita anemia
zat kimia diturunkan dari
bakteri yang dapat membunuh My throat infection went
antibiotics
mikroorganisme dan away after I started the
noun
menyembuhkan infeksi antibiotics.
bakteri
salah satu dari kelas obat
yang digunakan untuk The anti-depressants helped
anti-depressant
mengobati depresi; sering me get on with life after Lucy
noun
memiliki efek samping yang died.
tidak diinginkan
I've made you an
appointment
pertemuan diatur di muka appointment with a specialist
noun
in three week's time.
My grandmother can't knit
arthritis
peradangan sendi atau sendi anymore because the arthritis
noun
in her hands is so bad.
gangguan pernapasan ditandai
asthma (attack) I carry an inhaler when I run
dengan mengi; biasanya
noun because I have asthma.
disebabkan alergi
(Mikrobiologi) bersel tunggal
atau nonseluler yang
To prevent the spread of
bacteria bereproduksi dengan
bacteria it is important that
noun pembelahan; sebagai patogen
nurses wash their hands often.
dan untuk properti biokimia;
taksonomi sulit;
ulkus kronis pada kulit yang
disebabkan oleh tekanan If you don't get up and take a
bedsore
berkepanjangan di atasnya walk, you will develop
noun
(seperti pada pasien terbaring painful bedsores.
di tempat tidur)
tidak berbahaya untuk
We're hoping that the tests
benign kesehatan; tidak berulang atau
will show that the lump in
adj progresif (terutama dari
your breast is benign.
tumor)
pemeriksaan jaringan atau
cairan dari tubuh makhluk
biopsy The biopsy ruled out a
hidup untuk menentukan
noun number of illnesses.
keberadaan atau penyebab
penyakit
You will be happy to know
blood count jumlah sel darah merah dan
that your blood count is
noun putih dalam sampel darah
almost back to normal.
seseorang yang memberikan Blood donors have to answer
blood donor
darah yang akan digunakan questions about their medical
noun
untuk transfusi history.
tekanan darah beredar
terhadap dinding pembuluh
darah; Hasil dari sistol High blood pressure puts you
blood pressure
ventrikel kiri jantung; at risk of having a heart
noun
kadang-kadang diukur untuk attack.
evaluasi cepat kesehatan
seseorang
dukungan yang memantapkan You will probably always
brace
atau memperkuat sesuatu have to wear a brace on your
noun
yang lain ankle when you jog.
We thought it was going to be
breech
sungsang a breech birth, but the baby
adj
turned himself around.
broken secara fisik dan secara paksa We thought it was just a
adj dipisahkan menjadi potongan- sprain, but it turned out his
potongan atau retak atau leg was broken.
perpecahan

cedera yang tidak merusak


The woman was badly
bruisenoun kulit tetapi menghasilkan
bruised when she came into
bruisedadj beberapa perubahan warna
the emergency room.
memar
pengeluaran janin dengan The baby was so large that we
Caesarean section, C-section
sayatan bedah melalui had to perform a Caesarean
noun
dinding perut dan rahim section.
setiap pertumbuhan ganas
atau tumor disebabkan oleh
pembelahan sel yang
There are many different
cancer abnormal dan tidak
options when it comes to
noun terkendali; mungkin
treating cancer.
menyebar ke bagian lain dari
tubuh melalui sistem limfatik
atau aliran darah
osedur darurat yang terdiri
dari pijat jantung luar dan
pernafasan buatan;
pengobatan pertama untuk
cardiopulmonary orang yang telah runtuh dan
You saved your brother's life
resuscitation (CPR) tidak memiliki pulsa dan telah
by performing CPR.
noun berhenti bernapas; mencoba
untuk mengembalikan
sirkulasi darah dan mencegah
kematian atau kerusakan otak
akibat kekurangan oksigen
cast My leg was in a cast for
Pembalut gips
noun graduation.
If you want a place to pray,
chapel, chapeline Tempat ibadah yang memiliki
the chapel is on the third
noun altar sendiri
floor.
penggunaan bahan kimia
My mother has already had
chemotherapy untuk mengobati atau
three rounds of
noun penyakit control (atau
chemotherapy.
penyakit mental)
penyakit menular akut yang
disebabkan oleh virus herpes It is best to get chickenpox as
chickenpox
zoster varicella; menyebabkan a child so that you don't get it
noun
ruam vesikel pada wajah dan worse as an adult.
tubuh
seorang pejabat publik yang
coroner menyelidiki oleh pemeriksaan We only call the coroner if
noun setiap kematian bukan karena we think a death is suspicious.
sebab alami
sebuah standar yang kondisi
critical condition You can't see her right now;
lain dapat dibandingkan
noun she's in critical condition.
dalam percobaan ilmiah
staf kayu atau logam yang
cocok di bawah ketiak dan
crutches I'd rather hop on one foot than
mencapai ke tanah; digunakan
noun use crutches.
oleh orang cacat sambil
berjalan
kecil kantung anatomi normal
We're going to remove the
cyst atau struktur bladderlike
cysts just to be on the safe
noun (terutama satu cairan yang
side.
mengandung)
kurang atau kehilangan arti
deaf The accident left the patient
pendengaran seluruhnya atau
adj both deaf and blind.
sebagian
deficiency kurangnya kuantitas atau The tests show that you have
noun jumlah yang memadai an iron deficiency.
It is easy for the elderly to
dehydrated menderita kerugian air yang
become dehydrated in this
adj berlebihan dari tubuh
heat.
dementia kemunduran mental asal It is hard to watch a loved one
noun organik atau fungsional suffering with dementia.
penyakit yang ditandai
dengan sekresi dan ekskresi
People with diabetes have to
diabetes urine dalam jumlah yang
constantly check their blood
noun banyak, terutama diabetes
sugar levels.
melitus; penyakit kencing
manis; penyakit gula
penentuan jenis penyakit
berdasarkan tanda dan gejala The doctor would prefer to
diagnosis
dng menggunakan cara dan share the diagnosis with the
noun
alat spt laboratorium, foto, patient himself.
dan klinik
This pain medication should
discomfort kegelisahan, keadaan tak
relieve some of your
noun senang, ketidaksenangan.
discomfort.
disease I understand that this disease
penyakit
noun runs in your family.
You will have to wear a sling
dislocated terlepas dari sambungan
because of your dislocated
adj
shoulder.
It is important that children
emergency
Keadaan darurat know which number to dial in
noun
case of an emergency.
ER (emergency room) Area rumah sakit, peralatan The child was rushed into the
noun dan petugas untuk pengobatan ER after he had a severe
yang tepat dari penyakit akut, allergic reaction to a bee
trauma, atau darurat medis sting.
lainnya
This cream is for external use
external
Luar only. Do not get it near your
adj
ears, eyes, or mouth.
false negative We had two false negative
noun pregnancy tests, so we didn't
adj know we were having a baby.
The doctor was concerned
family history
Riwayat keluarga about my family history of
noun
skin cancer.
The doctor made a fatal error
fatal Yang dapat menimbulkan
when he wrote the wrong
adj kematian, berbahaya/ fatal
prescription.
Demam, suhu tubuh
abnormal/ tinggi, biasanya
disertai dengan menggigil,
He is very feverish, and his
fevernoun sakit kepala, dan dalam kasus
temperature is near danger
feverishadj yang parah, delirium.
point.
Panas, memiliki atau
menunjukkan gejala demam

People who have the flu


flu (influenza) penyakit virus, demam akut
should not visit hospital
noun yang sangat menular
patients.
Patah, yang retak atau pecah
dari bahan atau benda keras.
fracturenoun Your wrist is fractured and
(tulang atau tulang rawan)
fracturedadj needs a cast.
rusak atau robek, dibagi atau
dipecah menjadi bagian
Flowers are not allowed in the
germ Kuman, benih, bibit, basil
ward to avoid the risk of
noun
germs being brought in.
genetic Yang berhubungan dengan The disease is part genetic
adj kerurunan and part environmental.
growth That growth on your shoulder
Pertumbuhan, perkembangan
noun is starting to worry me.
People who smoke are at
heart attack Serangan jantung
greater risk of having a heart
noun
attack.
Human Immunodeficiency
Virus. Sebuah retrovirus dari
HIV HIV can be passed down
genus Lentivirus yang
noun from the mother to her fetus.
menyebabkan AIDS dengan
menginfeksi sel T helper dari
sistem kekebalan tubuh
hives gatal-gatal I broke out in hives after I ate
noun that potato casserole.
illnessnoun Kesakitan, keadaan sakit Her illness went away when
illadj Sakit, tidak enak badan, buruk she started eating better.
You can't have visitors
immune system sistem kekebalan
because your immune system
noun
is low.
Imunisasi, pengebalan
Mengebalkan, membuat
immunizationnoun Babies are immunized three
(orang atau binatang) kebal
immunizeverb times in their first year.
terhadap infeksi, biasanya
dengan inokulasi.
incision Irisan, torehan (terutama I had to have stitches to close
noun dalam operasi medis) the incision.
We have to do more x-rays
inconclusive
Yang tak meyakinkan because the first ones were
adj
inconclusive.
infant The nurse will demonstrate
Bayi, batita
noun how to bathe an infant.
Infeksi, proses menginfeksi The wound should be covered
infectionnoun
atau keadaan yang terinfeksi. when you swim to prevent it
infectedadj
Terinfeksi, tertular, terjangkit from becoming infected.
My right ankle was so
inflamed
Meradang, menjadi radang inflamed it was twice the size
adj
of my left one.
injury Her injuries were minor; just
Cedera, luka, kerusakan
noun a few cuts and bruises.
ruang perawatan intensif
dengan peralatan khusus dan
She will remain in the ICU
intensive care unit (ICU) staf khusus untuk
until she can breathe on her
noun menanggulangi pasien gawat
own.
karena penyakit, trauma atau
komplikasi lain.
The doctors will be
internal
Intern atau terletak di dalam. monitoring her for any
adj
internal bleeding.
If you are allergic to this
itchy Gatal, gelisah
medication your skin will get
adj
red and itchy.
The toddler was so
IV
dehydrated that the doctor
noun
decided to get him on an IV.
lab results Hasil lab The lab results have come in
noun and you are free to go home.
lab (laboratory) I'll take these samples down to
Lab (laboratorium)
noun the lab on my way out.
Mendukung kehidupan,
pemeliharaan fungsi
The woman has severe brain
life support penting dari orang yang
damage and is currently on life
noun sakit kritis atau koma atau
support.
orang yang menjalani
operasi.
Mengancam jiwa, serius, The victim was shot in two
life-threatening
berbahaya, parah, places but the bullet wounds are
adj
menyedihkan not life-threatening.
light-headed pusing dan sedikit menjadi If you are feeling light-headed
adj lemah. again, lie down and call me.
Ganas, berbahaya, parah,
malignant I'm afraid at least one of the
sangat membahayakan
adj tumours is malignant.

After eight years of medical


medical school (med. school)
Sekolah kedokteran school I can finally practice
noun
medicine.
newborn Belum lama ini lahir You have to support her neck
noun (anak) because she is still a newborn.
numb mati rasa, kebas, kaku The needle will make your
adj lower body feel numb.
OR (operating room) You must wear a face mask and
Ruang operasi
noun gloves while you are in the OR.
operationnoun Operasi The operation lasted seven
operate onverb Melakukan operasi hours, but it was successful.
rasa sakit, sakit, kesakitan,
We gave your husband some
pain rasa nyeri, penderitaan,
medicine to relieve some of the
noun kepedihan, perasaan sakit
pain.

pain killer, pain reliever obat penghilang rasa sakit, You can take two pain killers
noun pereda nyeri every four hours.
We thought her legs were
paralyzed Lumpuh, layuh, tidak
paralyzed for life, but she is
adj berdaya
learning how to walk.
patient Pasien, penderita, orang The patients in Room 4 are not
noun sakit getting along.
Ask the pharmacist if there is a
pharmacist
Apoteker, ahli obat generic brand of this
noun
medication.
pharmacy, drugstore You should be able to buy a
Apotek, toko obat
noun bandage at the pharmacy.
physician Dokter, pengobat Ask your family physician to
noun refer you to a specialist.
Racun, zat yang mampu
menyebabkan penyakit
atau kematian dari
organisme hidup saat
dimasukkan atau diserap.
poisonnoun The child was bitten by a
Beracun, berbisa, (Dari
poisonousadj poisonous snake.
bahan atau tanaman)
menyebabkan atau dapat
menyebabkan kematian
atau penyakit jika dibawa
ke dalam tubuh.
sebelum kelahiran; selama The woman was well prepared
prenatal
atau berhubungan dengan for labour because she took the
adj
kehamilan prenatal classes.
Resep, resep obat,
instruksi ditulis oleh
seorang praktisi medis
yang memberi wewenang
pasien yang akan
diberikan obat atau You will need to visit your
prescriptionnoun
perawatan. doctor to get another
prescribeverb
Memberi resep, prescription.
menuliskan resep, (Dari
seorang praktisi medis)
saran dan memberi izin
penggunaan (obat atau
perawatan) bagi seseorang
Pribadi, rahasia, kebebasan You will have to pay for a
privacynoun
pribadi private hospital room if you
privateadj
Pribadi, tersendiri don't want a room-mate.
If the radiation doesn't kill all
radiation
Radiasi, penyinaran. of the abnormal cells, the cancer
noun
will come back.
posisi dokter yang
residency menerima pelatihan
John is a resident under Dr
resident khusus di rumah sakit
Brown.
noun (biasanya setelah
menyelesaikan magang)
routine check-up I'd like to see you a year from
Pemeriksaan rutin
noun now for a routine check-up.
scrubs I have some extra scrubs in my
Sikat, penggosokan
noun locker.
Menggosok, menggosok
scrub up sesuatu sehingga untuk I have to scrub up and get ready
verb membersihkan mereka, for surgery.
biasanya dengan sikat dan
air.
I went to another doctor to get a
second opinion
Saran/ pilihan kedua second opinion about these
noun
headaches.
seizure kejadian tiba-tiba (atau People who suffer from epilepsy
noun kekambuhan) penyakit are prone to seizures.
Syok,kejut,goncangan,
shock kekagetan, kegoncangan, The woman was in shock after
noun kekejutan being pulled from the river.

One of the side effects of


side effects
Efek samping antidepressants is a loss of
noun
appetite.
sore I have a sore throat and a runny
Terluka, terganggu
adj nose.
Kekejangan, serangan, Ever since I injured my leg I've
spasm
kejang urat been having muscle spasms in
noun
my upper thigh.
specialist My family doctor is sending me
Spesialis/ ahli
noun to a specialist.
sprain I sprained my knee playing
Keseleo/ terpelecok
noun/verb soccer.
stable condition kondisi yang stabil You can see your husband now;
noun he is in a stable condition.
sting It may sting when I insert the
Kepedihan/ merasa pedih
noun/verb needle.
Tekanan, tegangan,
ketegangan
Menderita stres, You need to take some time off
stressnoun
mengalami tekanan atau work and relieve some of your
stressedadj
ketegangan stress.

swellingnoun Pembengkakan, bengkak I knew my ankle was sprained


swollenadj Bengkak, benjol because it was so swollen.
symptoms You have all of the symptoms
Tanda, gejala (penyakit)
noun of a diabetic.
We brought Jesse to emergency
temperature
Temperatur/ suhu because he was running a (high)
noun
temperature.
tender Lembut, empuk, sakit, The incision was tender after
adj rapuh the surgery.
test results Hasil tes The test results came back
noun negative. You aren't pregnant.
I was able to go back to work a
therapy
Terapi/ perawatan few weeks after starting the
noun
therapy.
transplant Pencangkokan/ The heart transplant saved your
noun transplantasi life.
menggunakan refleksi dari
gelombang suara frekuensi
tinggi untuk membangun
sebuah gambar dari organ
ultrasound The ultrasound shows that we
tubuh (sonogram);
noun are expecting a baby boy.
biasanya digunakan untuk
mengamati pertumbuhan
janin atau belajar organ
tubuh
I had an emergency C-section
umbilical cord Tali pusar
because the umbilical cord was
noun
wrapped around the baby's neck.
bawah sadar, pingsan, I hit my head on the steering
unconscious
semaput, tidak sadar wheel and was still unconscious
adj
when the ambulance arrived.
urine sample Sampel urin The urine sample tells us how
noun much alcohol is in your blood.
Pembuluh darah, urat
vein I'm just looking for the best vein
darah halus/ vena
noun in which to insert the needle.

The virus is contractable


virus
Virus through the exchange of bodily
noun
fluids.
Jam kunjungan, jam
visiting hours I'm afraid you'll have to come
bertamu
noun back during visiting hours.

Muntahan/
vomit The pregnant woman can't stop
Memuntahkan, meluahkan
noun/verb vomiting.

ward I should warn you that we're


Ruangan rumah sakit
noun entering the mental health ward.
wheelchair If you get in the wheelchair I'll
Kursi roda
noun take you down to see the garden.
Luka (badan/ perasaan)
woundnoun The wounded soldiers are being
Terluka (tembakan/
woundedadj airlifted to the hospital.
perasaan)
Sinar X,sinar rontgen The technician took x-rays of
x-ray
Menyinari dgn sinar X, my shoulder to make sure it
noun/verb
memotret dgn sinar X wasn't broken.

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