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CARA BELAJAR 16 TENSES (VERBAL & NOMINAL SENTENCES) DAN CARA MEMBUAT KALIMAT PASSIVE

CARA BELAJAR 16 TENSES DENGAN CEPAT


CONTOH
KELOMPOK CONTOH KALIMAT
NO NAMA TENSES RUMUS KALIMAT KETERANGAN
TENSES VERBAL
NOMINAL
(+) S+V1+O+A. (+) I write a letter to her - I am a student of Kalimat Verbal memiliki
every month. SMAN 1 Pabuaran susunan kata kerja
(-) S + dont +V1+O+ A. Kalimat Nominal tidak
doesnt (-) I dont write a letter to memiliki susunan kata
Simple Present
1 her every month. kerja
Tense
(?) Do +S+V1+O+A? Dalam kalimat Positive,
Does khusus untuk : She, He,
Present
(?) Do you write a letter to It kata kerjanya
her every month? ditambah: s/es.
(+) S+ am + Ving +O+A. (+) I am writing a letter to - I am a student of Semua kata kerjanya
are her now. SMAN 1 Pabuaran ditambah: ing.
Present
2 is Artinya sedang.
Continuous Tense
Gunakan tobe present:
(-) S+am +not+ Ving+O+A. (-) I am not writing a letter I am, You are, They
are to her now. are, We are, He is, She
is is, It is.

(?)Am +S + Ving+O+A? (?) Are you writing a letter to


Are her now?
Is

(+) S+have+V3+O+A. (+) I have written a - I have been a Gunakan kata kerja Past
has letter to her since eight student of SMAN Participle/V3
oclock this morning. 1 Pabuaran since Artinya sudah
(-)S+have+not+V3+O+A. (-)I havent written a 2009 Gunakan: been sebagai
Present Perfect has letter to her since eight tobe perfect
3
Tense oclock this morning.
(?)Have you written a
Present
(?)Have+S+V3+O+A? letter to her since eight
Has oclock this morning?

(+) S+have+been+Ving+O+A. (+) I have been writing a - I have been a Gunakan kata kerja Ving
Present Perfect has letter to her since eight student of SMAN Artinya sudah
4
Continuous Tense oclock this morning. 1 Pabuaran since sedang/masih
(-)S+have+not+been+Ving+O+A.
(-)I havent been writing a 2009 berlangsung
has letter to her since eight Gunakan: been sebagai
oclock this morning. tobe perfect
(?)Have you been writing a
(?)Have+S+been+Ving+O+A? letter to her since eight
Has oclock this morning?

Untuk menempatkan V3/Past Participle pada Tenses Perfect, anda harus menghapal Irregular Verbs dan Regular Verbs.
Untuk mempermudah anda mengetahui Irregular Verbs dibagian akhir terdapat daftar Irregular Verbs yang sering kita gunakan sehari-hari.
Untuk memperlancar penggunaan Tenses diatas, buatlah kalimat yang menggambarkan Tenses diatas, baik Positive, Negative, atau Interrogative.
Konsultasikan dengan guru anda hasil kalimat yang sudah anda buat!

CONTOH
KELOMPOK CONTOH KALIMAT
NO NAMA TENSES RUMUS KALIMAT KETERANGAN
TENSES VERBAL
NOMINAL
(+) S + V2 + O + A. (+) I wrote a letter to her - I was a student of
Gunakan V2/kata kerja
last week. SMPN 1 Pabuaran past pada kalimat
last year. positive
5 Past Simple Past Tense Dalam kalimat negative
(-) S + didnt + V1 + O + A. dan interrogative,
gunakan V1
(-) I didnt write a letter to Sebagai modal gunakan:
her last week. Did untuk semua
(?) Did + S + V1 + O + A? subyek.
Dalam kalimat nominal
gunakan tobe Past
(?) Did you write a letter to Tense:
her last week? I was, She was, He
was, It was, You were,
They were, We were
(+) S + was + Ving + O + A. (+) I was writing a letter to- I was a student of
Semua kata kerjanya
were her when the bell rang SMPN 1 Pabuaran ditambah: ing.
yesterday. last year. Artinya sedang.
(-) S + was +not+ Ving + O + A.
(-) I am not writing a letter Gunakan tobe Past
Past Continuous were to her when the bell Tense
6
Tense rang yesterday.
(?) Were you writing a letter
(?) Was +S + Ving +O+A? to her when the bell
Were rang?

(+) S + had + V3 + O + A. (+) I had written a letter to- I had been a Gunakan kata kerja Past
Past Perfect her before You came student of SMPN Participle/V3
7 Past
Tense here. 1 Pabuaran when Artinya sudah
(-)S + hadnt + V3 + O + A. you came into Gunakan: been sebagai
(-)I hadnt written a SMAN 1 tobe perfect
letter to her before you Pabuaran.
(?)Had+S+V3+O+A? came here.
(?)Had you written a
letter to her before he
came here?
(+) S+ had + been + Ving + O+A.
(+) I had been writing a - I had been a Gunakan kata kerja Ving
letter to her when you student of SMAN Gunakan: been sebagai
called me. 1 Pabuaran when tobe perfect
(-)S+ hadnt + been +Ving+O+A.
(-)I hadnt been writing a you were in
Past Perfect letter to her when you Jakarta.
8
Continuous Tense called me.
(?)Had + S + been + Ving + O+A?
(?)Had you been writing a
letter to her when he
called you?
The Simple Past digunakan untuk membicarakan kegiatan atau situasi yang mulai dan berakhir diwaktu lampau.
Gunakan keterangan waktu: yesterday, last night, two days ago, in 2005, last week, long ago, last year, etc.
Dalam Past Continuous Tense/Past Progressive Tense sering digunakan kata : While dan When.
While diikuti oleh Continuous/progressive sedangkan when diikuti oleh Past Tense.
Contoh: - While I was doing my home work, he came.
- I was doing my home work when he came.
The Past Perfect Tense digunakan untuk menerangkan aktivitas yang terjadi sebelum waktu tertentu di waktu lampau.
Dalam The Past perfect sering menggunakan kata Already contoh: I was not hungry at 08:00 p.m. I had already eaten.

CONTOH
KELOMPOK CONTOH KALIMAT
NO NAMA TENSES RUMUS KALIMAT KETERANGAN
TENSES VERBAL
NOMINAL
(+) S + will + V1 + O + A. (+) I will write a letter to - I will be a Will/Shall artinya akan
her tomorrow. student of SMAN Future Tense digunakan
1 Pabuaran next untuk menyatakan
year. kegiatan yang akan
terjadi.
9 Future Tense (-) S + wont + V1 + O + A. (-) I wont write a letter to Gunakan V1
her tomorrow.

Future

(?) Will + S + V1 + O + A? (?) Will you write a letter to


her tomorrow?
(+) S + will + be + Ving + O + A.(+) I will be writing a - I will be a Semua kata kerjanya
Future letter to her tomorrow. student of SMAN ditambah: ing.
10 Continuous 1 Pabuaran next Artinya akan sedang.
Tense month Gunakan tobe Future:
(-) I wont be writing a be
(-) S + wont + be + Ving+O+A. letter to her tomorrow.

(?) Will you be writing a


letter to her tomorrow?
(?) Will + S + be + Ving+ O + A?

(+) S + will + have + V3 +O+ A.(+) I will have written a - I will have been a Gunakan kata kerja Past
letter to her by six o student of SMAN Participle/V3
clock tomorrow. 1 Pabuaran by Artinya akan sudah
next month. Gunakan: been sebagai
tobe perfect

Future Perfect
11 (-) S + wont +have +V3+O+A.(-)I wont have written a
Tense
Future letter to her by six o
clock tomorrow.

(?) Will + S +have+ V3 + O + A?(?) Will you have written a


letter to her by six o
clock tomorrow?
Future Perfect (+) S+will+have+been+Ving+O+A
(+) I will have been writing a- I will have been a Gunakan kata kerja Ving
12
Continuous letter to her at this student of SMAN Gunakan: been sebagai
Tense time tomorrow. 1 Pabuaran by tobe perfect
(-)I wont have been writing next month.
(- a letter to her at this
)S+wont+have+been+Ving+O+A time tomorrow.

(?)Will you have been writing


a letter to her at this
(?) Will+S+have+been+Ving+O+A? time tomorrow?

Gunakan Future Tense untuk menerangkan kegiatan yang akan terjadi/akan dilaksanakan.
Biasanya digunakan untuk merencanakan kegiatan atau aktivitas yang akan dilaksanakan pada waktu yang akan datang.
Keterangan waktunya: tomorrow, tomorrow morning, next month, next year, etc.

CONTOH
KELOMPOK NAMA CONTOH KALIMAT
NO RUMUS KALIMAT KETERANGAN
TENSES TENSES VERBAL
NOMINAL
(+) S + would + V1 + O + A. (+) I would write a - I would be a Would artinya akan
letter to her student of SMAN Past Future Tense
Past Future tomorrow if she 1 Pabuaran next digunakan untuk
13 Past Future
Tense forgave me. year if I passed menyatakan kegiatan
the exam. yang akan terjadi
(-) S + wouldnt + V1 + O + A. (-) I wouldnt write a terjadi di waktu
letter to her if she lampau
forgave me. Gunakan V1
Biasanya digunakan
(?) Would + S + V1 + O + A? (?) Would you write a letter dalam pengandaian: If
to her if she forgave clause/ kalimat tak
me? langsung/indirect
statement
(+) S + would + be + Ving +O+ A. (+) I would be writing a - I would be a Semua kata kerjanya
letter to her student of SMAN ditambah: ing.
tomorrow if she 1 Pabuaran if I Artinya akan sedang.
forgave me. passed the Gunakan tobe Future:
(-) S +wouldnt +be +Ving +O+A. (-) I wouldnt be writing a exam. be
Past Future
letter to her if she
14 Continuous
forgave me.
Tense

(?) Would + S+be + Ving+ O + A? (?) Would you be writing a


letter to her if she
forgave me?

Past (+) S + would + have +V3 +O+ A. (+) I would have written a - I would have Gunakan kata kerja Past
15 Past Future Future Perfect letter to her. been a student Participle/V3
Tense of SMAN 1 Gunakan: been sebagai
(-) S +wouldnt+have +V3 +O+A. (-) I wouldnt have written Pabuaran by next tobe perfect
a letter to her . month.

(?) Would you have written


(?) Would +S+have+ V3 + O+ A? a letter to her ?

(+) S+would+have+been+Ving+O+A(+) I would have been - I would have Gunakan kata kerja Ving
writing a letter to her been a student Gunakan: been sebagai
. of SMAN 1 tobe perfect
(- (-)I wouldnt have been Pabuaran.
Past Future
)S+wouldnt+have+been+Ving+O+A writing a letter to her
Perfect
16 .
Continuous
Tense
(?)Would you have been
(?) Would+S+have+been+Ving+O+A? writing a letter to her
?

Berlatihlah membuat kalimat dalam berbagai Tenses.


Biasakan bercakap sesuai kaidah Tenses yang sudah anda pelajari.
Konsultasikan dengan guru anda dalam berlatih membuat contoh kalimat dalam berbagai Tenses.
Setelah anda berlatih membuat kalimat pendek, kemudian anda berlatih membuat Teks yang sedang dan telah anda pelajari dari guru anda. Contoh:
Narrative Texts; anda menggunakan Past Tense untuk membuat Narrative Texts.
Selamat belajar, good luck!

MERUBAH KALIMAT AKTIF MENJADI KALIMAT PASIF DALAM 16 TENSES


KELOMPOK
NO NAMA TENSES CONTOH KALIMAT AKTIF CONTOH KALIMAT PASIF TOBE KETERANGAN
TENSES
- I watch TV every day - TV is watched by me every day - Penggunaan to be
Simple Present
1 - She writes a story every month- A story is written by her every Am, is, are disesuaikan
Tense
month
Present
- I am watching TV now - TV is being watched by me now - Dalam continuous
Present
2 - The house is being painted by Being ditambahkan dengan
Continuous Tense
- Father is painting the house father tobe + being
- I have watched TV since 2 - TV has been watched by me - Semua perfect
hours ago since 2 hours ago menggunakan tobe
Present Perfect- Mother has cooked fried been
3 Been
Tense chicken since this morning - Fried chicken has been cooked - Penggunaan has dan
by mother since this morning have disesuaikan
Present
dengan subjects
- I have been watching TV since- TV has been being watched by - Semua perfect
Present Perfect you came here me since you came here continuous harus
4 Been being
Continuous Tense
- The doctors have been reading menggunakan been
- Those books have been being
those books since at 8 oclock being
a.m read by them since at 8
oclock a.m
Ingat perubahan kata kerja irregular verbs menggunakan verbs ke tiga/past participle semua.
Ingat regular verbs hanya tinggal menambahkan kata: ed/d semuanya.
Bila anda menghadapi continuous maka anda harus menggunakan kata: being setelah to be

KELOMPOK
NO NAMA TENSES CONTOH KALIMAT AKTIF CONTOH KALIMAT PASIF TOBE KETERANGAN
TENSES
- I watched TV yesterday - TV was watched by - Gunakan to be was
me yesterday atau were
5 Simple Past Tense Was, were
- She wrote a story last month - A story was written by
her last month
Past
- I was watching TV yesterday - TV was being watched by me - Gunakan being setelah
Past Continuous yesterday Was, were + tobe was atau were
6
Tense - She was writing a story when -I A story was being written by being
called her when I called
- I had written a letter to her - A letter had been written by - Gunakan been
before You came here me to her before You came
Past Perfect
7 Past here Been
Tense
- Nila had bought an apple when- An apple had been bought by
you bought this pen her when you bought this pen
- I had been writing a letter to- A letter had been being written - Gunakan been being
her before You came here by me to her before You
Past Perfect - Nila had been buying an apple came here
8 Been being
Continuous Tense when you bought this pen - An apple had been being
bought by her when you
bought this pen

KELOMPOK
NO NAMA TENSES CONTOH KALIMAT AKTIF CONTOH KALIMAT PASIF TOBE KETERANGAN
TENSES
- They will play foot ball - Foot ball will be played by - Gunakan will be untuk
tomorrow them tomorrow future
9 Future Tense Be
- He will invite me at his birthday- I will be invited by him at his
party next week birthday party next week
Future - They will be playing foot ball - Foot ball will be being played - Gunakan be being
Future tomorrow by them tomorrow
10 Continuous - He will be inviting me at his - I will be being invited by him Be being
Tense birthday party next week at his birthday party next
week
- We will have drunk this coffee - This coffee will have been - Gunakan will have
Future Perfect by seven oclock tomorrow drunk by us by seven oclock been
11 Future Been
Tense - I will have written a letter to tomorrow
her by six o clock tomorrow. - A letter will have been
written by me to her by six
o clock tomorrow.
- We will have been drinking this - This coffee will have been - Gunakan will have
coffee by seven oclock being drunk by us by seven been being
Future Perfect
tomorrow oclock tomorrow
12 Continuous Been being
- I will have been writing a - A letter will have been being
Tense
letter to her by six o clock written by me to her by six o
tomorrow. clock tomorrow.

KELOMPOK NAMA
NO CONTOH KALIMAT AKTIF CONTOH KALIMAT PASIF TOBE KETERANGAN
TENSES TENSES
- Agnes would sing this song if I - This song would be sung by - Gunakan be
came here Agnes if I came here
Past Future
13 - I would write a letter to her - A letter would be written by Be
Tense
tomorrow if she forgave me. me to her tomorrow if she
Past Future
forgave me.
Past Future - Agnes would be singing this song if- This song would be being sung - Gunakan would be
14 Continuous I came here by Agnes if I came here Be being being
Tense - A letter would be being
- I would be writing a letter to her written by me to her
tomorrow if she forgave me. tomorrow if she forgave me.
- Agnes would have sung this song if
- This song would have been - Gunakan would have
Past I came here sung by Agnes if I came here been
15 Future Perfect - A letter would have been Been
Tense - I would have written a letter to written by me to her
her tomorrow if she forgave me. tomorrow if she forgave me.
Past Future - Agnes would have been singing - This song would have been - Gunakan would have
Past Future this song if I came here being sung by Agnes if I came been being
Perfect - I would have been writing a here
16 Been being
Continuous letter to her tomorrow if she - A letter would have been
Tense forgave me. being written by me to her
tomorrow if she forgave me.
Berlatihlah membuat kalimat dalam berbagai Tenses.
Biasakan bercakap sesuai kaidah Tenses yang sudah anda pelajari.
Konsultasikan dengan guru anda dalam berlatih membuat contoh kalimat dalam berbagai Tenses.
Setelah anda berlatih membuat kalimat pendek, kemudian anda berlatih membuat Teks yang sedang dan telah anda pelajari dari guru anda. Contoh:
Narrative Texts; anda menggunakan Past Tense untuk membuat Narrative Texts.
Selamat belajar, good luck!