Anda di halaman 1dari 4

# Diketahui: m = 1 ton/m

## (0) = 4,0 mm = 0,004 m

(0) = 10,0 mm = 0,01 m/det 4m k1 k2 Kp
k1 = k2 = 200 kN/ m

Ditanya: 6m
a. HItung T dan f
b. HItung
c. Hitung x(t) saat t = 5 det. Plot grafiknya

Jawab:

= 1 6 = 6

= 1 + 2 = 2 200 = 400

400 /
= = = 8,165 /
6

2 2
= = = ,
8,165 /
1 1
= = = ,
0,769 /

(0) 2 0,01 / 2
= ( 2
) + (0) = ( ) + (0,004 )2 = 0,004183 = 4,183
8,165 /

## Persamaan (1) simpangan terhadap waktu:

() = (0) cos (. ) + (0) sin (. )

## Sehingga untuk t = 5 det, persamaan menjadi sebagai berikut:

( = 5) = (0) cos (. 5) + (0) sin (. 5)
( = 5) = 0,01 cos (8,165 . 5) + 0,004 sin (8,165 . 5) = ,

## Ambil t tertentu untuk menggambar grafik, misalnya sebagai berikut:

0,769
= =
10 10

No t (det) x(t) (m) No t (det) x(t) (m) No t (det) x(t) (m)
1 0 0.004 23 1.692966 0.002401 45 3.385932 -0.00252
2 0.076953 0.003956 24 1.769919 -7.1E-05 46 3.462885 -0.004
3 0.153906 0.002401 25 1.846872 -0.00252 47 3.539838 -0.00396
4 0.230859 -7.1E-05 26 1.923825 -0.004 48 3.616791 -0.0024
5 0.307812 -0.00252 27 2.000778 -0.00396 49 3.693744 7.13E-05
6 0.384765 -0.004 28 2.077731 -0.0024 50 3.770697 0.002516
7 0.461718 -0.00396 29 2.154684 7.13E-05 51 3.847649 0.004
8 0.538671 -0.0024 30 2.231637 0.002516 52 3.924602 0.003956
9 0.615624 7.13E-05 31 2.30859 0.004 53 4.001555 0.002401
10 0.692577 0.002516 32 2.385543 0.003956 54 4.078508 -7.1E-05
11 0.76953 0.004 33 2.462496 0.002401 55 4.155461 -0.00252
12 0.846483 0.003956 34 2.539449 -7.1E-05 56 4.232414 -0.004
13 0.923436 0.002401 35 2.616402 -0.00252 57 4.309367 -0.00396
14 1.000389 -7.1E-05 36 2.693355 -0.004 58 4.38632 -0.0024
15 1.077342 -0.00252 37 2.770308 -0.00396 59 4.463273 7.13E-05
16 1.154295 -0.004 38 2.847261 -0.0024 60 4.540226 0.002516
17 1.231248 -0.00396 39 2.924214 7.13E-05 61 4.617179 0.004
18 1.308201 -0.0024 40 3.001167 0.002516 62 4.694132 0.003956
19 1.385154 7.13E-05 41 3.07812 0.004 63 4.771085 0.002401
20 1.462107 0.002516 42 3.155073 0.003956 64 4.848038 -7.1E-05
21 1.53906 0.004 43 3.232026 0.002401 65 4.924991 -0.00252
22 1.616013 0.003956 44 3.308979 -7.1E-05 66 5 -0.00398
Data diatas kemudian diplot dalam grafik x(t) vs t sebagai berikut:

Grafik x(t) vs t
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
x(t) m

0.000
Grafik x(t) vs t
-0.001 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
-0.002
-0.003
-0.004
-0.005
t det

## Persamaan (2) simpangan terhadap waktu:

() = cos ( )

(0) 0,004
= tan1 ( ) = tan1 ( ) = 0,297
. (0)
8,165 . 0,004

## Ambil t tertentu untuk menggambar grafik, misalnya sebagai berikut:

0,769
= =
10 10

No t (det) x(t) (m) No t (det) x(t) (m) No t (det) x(t) (m)
1 0 0.004 23 1.692966 0.002401 45 3.385932 -0.00252
2 0.076953 0.003956 24 1.769919 -7.1E-05 46 3.462885 -0.004
3 0.153906 0.002401 25 1.846872 -0.00252 47 3.539838 -0.00396
4 0.230859 -7.1E-05 26 1.923825 -0.004 48 3.616791 -0.0024
5 0.307812 -0.00252 27 2.000778 -0.00396 49 3.693744 7.13E-05
6 0.384765 -0.004 28 2.077731 -0.0024 50 3.770697 0.002516
7 0.461718 -0.00396 29 2.154684 7.13E-05 51 3.847649 0.004
8 0.538671 -0.0024 30 2.231637 0.002516 52 3.924602 0.003956
9 0.615624 7.13E-05 31 2.30859 0.004 53 4.001555 0.002401
10 0.692577 0.002516 32 2.385543 0.003956 54 4.078508 -7.1E-05
11 0.76953 0.004 33 2.462496 0.002401 55 4.155461 -0.00252
12 0.846483 0.003956 34 2.539449 -7.1E-05 56 4.232414 -0.004
13 0.923436 0.002401 35 2.616402 -0.00252 57 4.309367 -0.00396
14 1.000389 -7.1E-05 36 2.693355 -0.004 58 4.38632 -0.0024
15 1.077342 -0.00252 37 2.770308 -0.00396 59 4.463273 7.13E-05
16 1.154295 -0.004 38 2.847261 -0.0024 60 4.540226 0.002516
17 1.231248 -0.00396 39 2.924214 7.13E-05 61 4.617179 0.004
18 1.308201 -0.0024 40 3.001167 0.002516 62 4.694132 0.003956
19 1.385154 7.13E-05 41 3.07812 0.004 63 4.771085 0.002401
20 1.462107 0.002516 42 3.155073 0.003956 64 4.848038 -7.1E-05
21 1.53906 0.004 43 3.232026 0.002401 65 4.924991 -0.00252
22 1.616013 0.003956 44 3.308979 -7.1E-05 66 5 -0.00398

Data diatas kemudian diplot dalam grafik x(t) vs t sebagai berikut: (sama dengan grafik dari Pers(1))

Grafik x(t) vs t
0.005
0.004
0.003
0.002
0.001
x(t) m

0.000
Grafik x(t) vs t
-0.001 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
-0.002
-0.003
-0.004
-0.005
t det