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DIAGRAM ALIR PROSES

PABRIK GLISEROL MONOOLEAT DARI GLISEROL DENGAN PROSES GLISEROLISIS METIL ESTER
KAPASITAS 1.750 TON/TAHUN
Keterangan Peralatan
E-101 ME-Glycerol Preheater P-104A/B Pompa Distillation Tower 101 Reflux Keterangan Aliran
Keterangan Gambar : E-102 GMO Distillation Kondenser P-105A/B Pompa Distillation Tower 103 Reflux Aliran-1 Methyl Ester Aliran-6B Light Liquid hasil pemisahan
E-103 GMO Distillation Reboiler P-106A/B Pompa Distillation Tower 104 Reflux Aliran-2 Crude Glycerol Aliran-7 Campuran Umpan Tower Distilasi 102
lps : Low Pressure Steam E-104 Heavy Liquid Distillation Kondenser R-101 Reaktor Glycerolisis Aliran-2A Filtrat Macrofilter Aliran-8 Top Product Tower Distilasi 102
E-105 Heavy Liquid Distillation Reboiler T-101 Tower Distilasi Heavy Liquid Aliran-2B Residu Macrofilter Aliran-9 Glycerol yang di Recycle
hps : High Pressure Steam E-106 Low Quality GMO Kondenser T-102 Tower Distilasi GMO Mixture Aliran-2C Filtrat Ultrafilter Aliran-10 Top Product Tower Distilasi 101
cw : Cooling Water E-107 Low Quality GMO Reboiler T-103 Tower Distilasi Low Quality GMO Aliran-2D Residu Ultrafilter Aliran-11 Methyl Oleate yang di Recycle
: Temperature, oC E-108 High Quality GMO Preheater T-104 Tower Distilasi High Quality GMO Aliran-2E Filtrat Nanofilter Aliran-12 Campuran Umpan Tower Distilasi 103
: Pressure, bar E-109 High Quality GMO Kondenser V-101 Tangki Methyl Ester Aliran-2F Residu Nanofilter Aliran-13A/B Low Quality GMO (50%)
E-110 High Quality GMO Reboiler V-102 Tangki Glycerol Aliran-3A Mixed Feed Aliran-14A/B Campouran Umpan Tower Distilasi 104
E-111 High Quality GMO Product Cooler V-103 Separator 3-Fase Aliran-3B Pre-heated Mixed Feed Aliran-15A/B High Quality GMO (>96%)
: Flow name E-112 Recycle Stream Cooler V-104 Heavy Liquid Reflux Vessel Aliran-4 Keluaran Reaktor Aliran-16 Glycerol & Methyl Oleate yang di Recycle
E-113 Low Quality GMO Product Cooler V-105 GMO Mixture Reflux Vessel Aliran-5 Heavy Liquid hasil pemisahan Aliran-17A/B Campuran Recycle Glycerol & Methyl
P-101A/B Pompa Methyl Ester V-106 Low Quality GMO Reflux Vessel Aliran-6A Vapor hasil pemisahan Oleate
P-102A/B Pompa Glycerol V-107 High Quality GMO Reflux Vessel
P-103A/B Pompa Distillation Tower 102 Reflux MF/UF/NF Makrofilter / Ultrafilter / Nanofillter

cw
E-102 cw
130 130
1.3 1.3 E-109
V-105 LIC
4 6A 7
V-107 LIC
Hi-Quality
V-103 6B
8 cw GMO
R-101 E-111
15A 15B
20 130 T-102 72
Methyl Ester 1.3 0.8
1 5 14B T-104 200 20
130 FIC
1 P-103 A/B 0.8 1
1.3
130 130 FIC
3B 1.3 1.3 cw P-106 A/B
LIC V-101 hps
P-101 A/B FIC E-104
hps
130
1 260
343 E-103 1
E-110
1
lps 9 16
V-104 LIC cw
20 67.5
3A E-106
Glycerol 1 E-101
0.8
10
2 T-101
V-106 LIC
V-102 I-71
LIC P-104 A/B
FIC 17B cw
P-102 A/B
E-113 Low Quality GMO
20 71
1 hps 0.8
13A 13B
61 20
12 T-103
287 0.75 1
20 E-105
1
MF UF NF 1 FIC cw
11 P-105 A/B
E-112
2B 2D 2F E-108
cw hps
278.5 237
2A 2C 2E 1 1
E-107
17A 14A
Neraca Massa

Unit 1 2 2A 2B 2C 2D 2E 2F 3A 3B 4 5 6A 6B 7 8 9 10 11 12 13A 13B 14A 14B 15A 15B 16 17A 17B


o
Temperature C 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 130 130 130 130 130 130 72 343 68 287 71 61 20 236,5 130 200 20 260 278,5 20

Pressure bar 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 1,3 0,8 1 0,8 1 0,8 0,75 1 1 1 0,8 1 1 1 1

Mass Flow :

GMO kg/h 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6,21 6,21 205,98 11,72 72,56 121,71 194,26 193,76 0,50 11,71 0 205,47 46,88 46,88 158,59 158,59 152,89 152,89 5,70 6,21 6,21

GDO kg/h 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2,54 2,54 6,87 0,08 1,48 5,31 6,79 4,51 2,28 0,076 0 4,59 2,75 2,75 1,83 1,83 1,57 1,57 0,27 2,55 2,55

Gliserol kg/h 28,85 28,94 0,29 28,65 0,57 28,08 0,56 27,51 185,61 185,61 133,37 125,13 0,11 8,13 8,24 8,24 0,00 2,861 122,27 11,10 0 0 11,10 11,10 4,14 4,14 6,97 129,34 129,34

Air kg/h 0,55 3,88 0,04 3,84 0,19 3,65 0,37 3,29 3,84 3,84 3,84 2,38 1,31 0,15 1,46 1,46 0,00 2,383 0 3,84 3,84 3,84 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Metanol kg/h 22,20 0,28 0,0028 0,28 0,01 0,27 0,01 0,27 22,46 22,46 40,86 8,72 28,53 3,62 32,15 32,15 0,00 8,715 0 40,86 40,86 40,86 0,0014 0,0014 0,0014 0,0014 0 0 0

Metil Oleat kg/h 170,355 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 298,79 298,79 128,54 2,04 0,05 126,45 126,50 6,50 119,99 2,040 0 8,54 0 0 8,54 8,54 0,10 0,10 8,44 128,44 128,44

Abu kg/h 0 2,12 2,12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Asam Lemak kg/h 0 0,07 0,0007 0,07 0,02 0,05 0,05 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Total kg/h 221,96 35,29 2,45 32,84 0,79 32,05 0,98 31,07 519,46 519,46 519,46 150,06 104,04 265,36 369,40 246,62 122,78 27,79 122,27 274,41 94,34 94,34 180,07 180,07 158,69 158,69 21,38 266,43 266,43

Neraca Energi

Nama Alat Deskripsi Heat Flow (kJ/h)


E-101 ME-Glycerol Preheater 1,431 x 105
E-102 GMO Distillation Condenser 4,911 x 105
E-103 GMO Distillation Reboiler 4,973 x 105
E-104 Heavy Liquid Distillation Condenser 1,017 x 105
E-105 Heavy Liquid Distillation Reboiler 1,553 x 105
E-106 Low Quality GMO Condenser 4,206 x 105
E-107 Low Quality GMO Reboiler 4,688 x 105
E-108 High Quality GMO Preheater 3,482 x 104
E-109 High Quality GMO Condenser 1,089 x 105
E-110 High Quality GMO Reboiler 1,343 x 105
E-111 High Quality GMO Product Cooler 4,146 x 104
E-112 Recycle Stream Cooler 2,055 x 105
E-113 Low Quality GMO Product Cooler 9,056 x 103
V-103 Separator 3 Fase 3.03 x 109
R-101 Reaktor Gliserolisis Metil Ester 2.8 x 105