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MAKALAH

SISTEM UTILITAS TURBIN GAS

Disusun Oleh :

RYAN TITO
NIM 1507165761

PROGRAM STUDI S1 TEKNIK KIMIA


NON REGULER FAKULTAS TEKNIK
UNIVERSITAS RIAU
2017
KATA PENGANTAR

Alhamdulillah, penulis panjatkan puji dan syukur kehadirat Allah SWT,


atas limpahan rahmat dan hidayah-Nya sehingga penulis mampu menyelesaikan
makalah yang berjudul TURBIN GAS.
Makalah ini disusun sebagai salah satu syarat bagi penulis untuk
memenuhi nilai pada mata kuliah Sistem Utilitas Semester IV Jurusan Teknik
Kimia Non-Reguler Fakultas Teknik Universitas Riau.
Penulis menyadari bahwa dalam penyusunan makalah ini tak luput dari
kesalahan dan kekurangan. Karena itu, penulis mengharapkan kritik dan saran
yang membangun dari semua pihak.
Akhir kata penulis berharap semoga makalah ini dapat berguna bagi kita
semua, Aamiin.

Pekanbaru, Juni 2017

Penulis

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DAFTAR ISI

COVER
KATA PENGANTAR..............................................................................................ii
DAFTAR ISI...........................................................................................................iii
DAFTAR GAMBAR............................................................................................... v
DAFTAR TABEL................................................................................................... vi
BAB I PENDAHULUAN.........................................................................................i
1.1 Latar Belakang...............................................................................................1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah..........................................................................................1
1.3 Tujuan Penulisan............................................................................................2
BAB II TURBIN GAS.............................................................................................3
2.1 Sejarah Turbin Gas.........................................................................................3
2.2 Pengertian Turbin Gas....................................................................................5
2.3 Prinsip Kerja Turbin Gas............................................................................... 7
2.4 Klasifikasi Turbin Gas................................................................................... 9
2.5 Siklus-siklus Turbin Gas..............................................................................11
2.6 Modifikasi Turbin Gas.................................................................................12
2.7 Siklus Brayton dengan Intercooler, Reheater, dan Regenerator..................13
2.8 Komponen Turbin Gas.................................................................................13
2.9 Komponen Penunjang Sistem Turbin Gas...................................................18
2.10 Aplikasi Turbin Gas...................................................................................19
BAB III BAHAN BAKAR TURBIN GAS........................................................... 21
3.1 Bahan Bakar Turbin Gas..............................................................................21
3.2 Proses Pembakaran Turbin Gas................................................................... 22
BAB IV INTERCOOLER..................................................................................... 25
4.1 Intercooler....................................................................................................25
BAB V PERSAMAAN ENERGI YANG UMUM UNTUK PROSES ALIRAN
TUNAK DAN PENERAPANNYA PADA SISTEM TURBIN GAS.................... 29
5.1 Persamaan Energi yang Umum Untuk Proses Aliran Tunak.......................29
5.2 Penerapan Persamaan Energi Yang Umum Untuk Proses Aliran Tunak.....31
5.3 Turbin...........................................................................................................31

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BAB VI MAINTENANCE & TROBLESHOOTING...........................................33
6.1 Maintenance Turbin Gas..............................................................................33
6.2 Trobleshooting............................................................................................. 34
BAB VII PENUTUP..............................................................................................35
7.1 Kesimpulan.................................................................................................. 35
7.2 Saran............................................................................................................ 35
DAFTAR PUSTAKA

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 1.1 Hero engine..........................................................................................3


Gambar 2.2 Turbin gas.............................................................................................6
Gambar 2.3 Turbin gas sederhana dengan poros tunggal........................................6
Gambar 2.4 motor turbojet dan komponen utamanya (Turbomeca: Marbore)........7
Gambar 2.5 Tubin gas..............................................................................................8
Gambar 2.6 Turbin gas poros tunggal....................................................................10
Gambar 2.7 Turbin gas poros ganda...................................................................... 11
Gambar 2.8 Siklus Bryton......................................................................................12
Gambar 2.9 Diagram T-S Siklus Brayton dengan reheat regeneration dan
intercooling............................................................................................................ 13
Gambar 2.10 Modifikasi Siklus Brayton............................................................... 13
Gambar 2.11 Tipe turbin rotor assembly............................................................... 15
Gambar 2.12 Casing Kompresor............................................................................15
Gambar 2.13 Komponen turbin section.................................................................17
Gambar 2.14 Prinsip kerja unit pembangkit turbin gas......................................... 19
Gambar 3.1 Ruang bakar dan proses pembakaran turbin gas................................25
Gambar 4.1 Skema susunan intercooling pada turbin gas siklus tertutup.............22
Gambar 4.2 Diagram T-s untuk intercooling......................................................... 26
Gambar 4.2 Diagram p-v kompresor bertingkat dengan intercooler.....................28
Gambar 4.3 Intercooler.......................................................................................... 28
Gambar 5.1 Sistem dan batas sistem......................................................................29
Gambar 5.2 Diagram entropi versus entropi..........................................................31
Gambar 5.3 Diagram entalpi versus entropi sebuah turbin....................................32

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DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.1 Perbandingan turbin gas siklus tertutup dengan siklus terbuka...............9
Tabel 2.2 Data Manufaktur turbin gas poros tunggal............................................ 10

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