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Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
1
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

COLUMN BASE PLATE DESIGN


In accordance with AISC 360-10
Tedds calculation version 2.0.16
HSS 16.000x0.500
47.0 kips Bolt diameter - 1.5"
3.5" Bolt embedment - 27.0"
3 5.0"

4389.0 kip_in
40.5 kips

2.83 ksi
3.5"
35" 148.9 kips
2"

2"

Plan on baseplate Elevation on baseplate

Design forces and moments


Axial force; Pu = -47.0 kips; (Tension)
Bending moment; Mu = 4389.0 kip_in
Shear force; Fv = 40.5 kips
Eccentricity; e = ABS(Mu / Pu) = 93.383 in
Anchor bolt to center of plate; f = N/2 - e1 = 17.500 in
Column details
Column section; HSS 16.000x0.500
Diameter; Do = 16.000 in
Thickness; t = 0.465 in
Baseplate details
Depth; N = 39.000 in
Breadth; B = 22.000 in
Thickness; tp = 3.000 in
Design strength; Fy = 36.0 ksi
Foundation geometry
Member thickness; ha = 72.000 in
Dist center of baseplate to left edge foundation; xce1 = 24.000 in
Dist center of baseplate to right edge foundation; xce2 = 24.000 in
Dist center of baseplate to bot edge foundation; yce1 = 15.000 in
Dist center of baseplate to top edge foundation; yce2 = 15.000 in
Holding down bolt and anchor plate details
Total number of bolts; Nbolt = 8
Bolt diameter; do = 1.500 in
Bolt spacing; sbolt = 5.000 in
Edge distance; e1 = 2.000 in
Minimum tensile strength, base plate; Fy = 36 ksi
Minimum tensile strength, column; FyCol = 35 ksi
Compressive strength of concrete; fc = 4 ksi
Strength reduction factors
Compression; c = 0.65
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
2
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

Flexure; b = 0.90
Weld shear; v = 0.75

Plate cantilever dimensions


Area of base plate; A1 = B N = 858.000 in2
Maximum area of supporting surface; A2 = (N + 2 lmin) (B + 2 lmin) = 1410.000 in2
Nominal strength of concrete under base plate; Pp = 0.85 f'c A1 min((A2 / A1), 2) = 3739.7 kips
Bending line cantilever distance m; m = (N - 0.80 Do) / 2 = 13.100 in
Bending line cantilever distance n; n = (B - 0.8 Do) / 2 = 4.600 in
Maximum bending line cantilever; l = max(m, n) = 13.100 in
Maximum bearing stress; fp,max = 0.85 f'c c min((A2 / A1), 2) = 2.83 ksi
Maximum bearing pressure; qmax = fp,max B = 62.33 kips/in
Bearing length - quadratic solution 1; Y1 = (f + N/2) + ((f + N/2)2 - (2 Pu (f - e))/qmax) = 72.420 in
Bearing length - quadratic solution 2; Y2 = (f + N/2) - ((f + N/2)2 - (2 Pu (f - e))/qmax) = 1.580 in
Bearing length; Y = min(Y1, Y2) = 1.580 in
Tension force in bolts; Tu = Mu / (N - 2 e1) - Pu / 2 = 148.9 kips
Max tensile force in single bolt; Trod = Tu / Nbolty = 37.2 kips
Base plate yielding limit at bearing interface
Required plate thickness; tp,req = ((4 fp,max Y (l - Y/2))/(b Fy)) = 2.608 in
PASS - Thickness of plate exceeds required thickness
Base plate yielding limit at tension interface
Distance from bolt CL to plate bending lines; x = abs((N - 0.80 Do) / 2 - e1) = 11.100 in
Plate thickness required; tp,req = 2.11 ((Tu x)/(B Fy)) = 3.048 in
FAIL - Required thickness of plate exceeds thickness
Combined tension and bending in anchor bolts
Gross cross sectional area of anchor; Abolt = da2 / 4 = 1.767 in2
Thickness of washer; twash = 0.188 in
Shear stress in anchor; fv = Fv / (NboltV Abolt) = 11.46 ksi
Lever arm; z = tp + twash / 2 = 3.094 in
Bending in anchor; Ml = Fv z / NboltV = 5.22 kips_ft
Elastic modulus of anchor; Zbolt = da3 / 6 = 0.562 in3
Stress in anchor due to bending; ftb = Ml / Zbolt = 111.4 ksi
Axial stress in anchor; fta = Trod / Abolt = 21.1 ksi
Tensile stress in anchor; ft = ftb + fta = 132.4 ksi
Nominal tensile stress of anchor (Table J3.2); Fnt = 0.75 futa = 43.5 ksi
Nominal shear stress of anchor (Table J3.2); Fnv = 0.45 futa = 26.1 ksi
Tensile stress of anchor; Fnt = Fnt = 32.6 ksi
Modified tensile stress (Eqn J3-3a); F'nt = min( (1.3 Fnt - (Fnt / ( Fnv)) fv), Fnt) = 23.3 ksi
FAIL - Tensile stress in rods exceed combined shear and bending resistance of rods

ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN


In accordance with ACI318-11
Tedds calculation version 2.0.16
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
3
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

Anchor bolt geometry


Type of anchor bolt; Cast-in hooked end bolt anchor
Diameter of anchor bolt; da = 1.5 in
Number of bolts in x direction; Nboltx = 2
Number of bolts in y direction; Nbolty = 4
Total number of bolts; ntotal = (Nboltx 2) + (Nbolty - 2) 2 = 8
Total number of bolts in tension; ntens = (NboltN 2) + (Nbolty - 2) = 4
Spacing of bolts in x direction; sboltx = 35 in
Spacing of bolts in y direction; sbolty = 5 in
Number of threads per inch; nt = 6
Effective cross-sectional area of anchor; Ase = / 4 (da - 0.9743 in / nt)2 = 1.405 in2
Embedded depth of each anchor bolt; hef = 27 in
Material details
Minimum yield strength of steel; fya = 36 ksi
Nominal tensile strength of steel; futa = 58 ksi
Compressive strength of concrete; fc = 4 ksi
Concrete modification factor; = 1.00
Modification factor for cast-in anchor concrete failure
a = 1.0 = 1.00
Strength reduction factors
Tension of steel element; t,s = 0.75
Shear of steel element; v,s = 0.70
Concrete tension; t,c = 0.65
Concrete shear; v,c = 0.70
Concrete tension for pullout; t,cB = 0.70
Concrete shear for pryout; v,cB = 0.70

Steel strength of anchor in tension (D.5.1)


Nominal strength of anchor in tension; Nsa = Ase futa = 81.50 kips
Steel strength of anchor in tension; Nsa = t,s Nsa = 61.13 kips
PASS - Steel strength of anchor exceeds max tension in single bolt
Check concrete breakout strength of anchor bolt in tension (D.5.2)
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
4
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

The spacing and embedded depth of the bolts/anchors are such that the projected area of all the anchors do not
overlap. The concrete breakout strength of the anchors will therefore be based on the most critical bolt group with its
associated axial force
148.9 kips

40.5 kips

2' 3"
6'
7.5"
3 5.0"
7.5"

6.5" 2' 11.0" 6.5" 4'

Plan on foundation Section A-A


Concrete breakout - tension

Critical group
Applied axial force; Ng = max(N1, N2) = 148.90 kips
Eccentricity; eN = 0 in
The anchors are located at less than 1.5hef from 3 edges. Therefore the effective embedded depth has to be limited to
5.00" in accordance with D.5.2.3
Limiting embedded depth; hef,lim = 5.00 in
Coeff for basic breakout strength in tension; kc = 24
Breakout strength for single anchor in tension; Nb = kc a (f'c 1 psi) hef,lim1.5 1 in0.5 = 16.97 kips
Projected area for groups of anchors; ANc = 420 in2
Projected area of a single anchor; ANco = 9 hef,lim2 = 225 in2
Min dist center of anchor to edge of concrete; ca,min = 6.5 in
Mod factor for groups loaded eccentrically; ec,N = min(1 / (1 + ((2 e'N) / (3 hef,lim))), 1) = 1.000
Modification factor for edge effects; ed,N = 0.7 + 0.3 (ca,min / (1.5 hef,lim)) = 0.960
Modification factor for no cracking at service loads; c,N = 1.250
Modification factor for uncracked concrete; cp,N = 1.000
Nominal concrete breakout strength; Ncbg = ANc / ANco ed,N c,N cp,N Nb = 38.01 kips
Concrete breakout strength; Ncbg = t,c Ncbg = 24.71 kips
FAIL - Tension in bolts exceed breakout strength
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
5
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

Pullout strength (D.5.3)


Net bearing area of the head of anchor; Abrg = 1 in2
Mod factor for no cracking at service loads; c,P = 1.400
Pullout strength for single anchor; Np = 0.9 f'c eh da = 32.40 kips
Nominal pullout strength of single anchor; Npn = c,P Np = 45.36 kips
Pullout strength of single anchor; Npn = t,cB Npn = 31.75 kips
FAIL - Maximum axial force in a single bolt exceeds pullout strength of single anchor
Side face blowout strength (D.5.4)
The sideface blowout will be checked in the x and y directions as the edge distances for the bolts in both directions
are less than hef / 2.5
Check x direction
Axial force in group of anchors; Nsfb = (N1) = 148.90 kips
Edge distance; ca1 = 6.50 in
ca2 = 7.50 in
Side face blowout strength for single anchor; Nsb = (160 ca1 (Abrg) a (f'c 1psi)) = 65.78 kips
Distance between outer anchors along the edge; s = (Nbolty-1) sbolty = 15 in
Nom side face blowout strength multiple anchors; Nsbg = (1 + s / (6 ca1)) Nsb = 91.07 kips
Side face blowout strength for multiple anchors; Nsbg = t,c Nsbg = 59.20 kips
FAIL - Tension in bolts exceeds sideface blowout strength
Check y direction
Axial force in single anchor; Nsfb = N1 / Nbolty = 37.22 kips
Nom side face blowout strength for single anchor; Nsb = ((1 + max(1, min((ca2 / ca1), 3))) / 4) (160 ca1 (Abrg) a (f'c
1psi)) = 37.95 kips
Side face blowout strength for multiple anchors; Nsb = t,c Nsb = 24.67 kips
FAIL - Tension in bolts exceeds sideface blowout strength
Steel strength of anchor in shear (D.6.1)
Built-up grout pads are used so nominal strength will be multiplied by 0.8 (D.6.1.3)
Effective number of anchors in shear; NboltV = 2
Nom strength of anchor in shear; Vsa = 0.8 NboltV 0.6 Ase futa = 78.24 kips
Steel strength of anchor in shear; Vsa = v,s Vsa = 54.77 kips
PASS - Steel strength of anchor exceeds shear in bolts
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
6
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

Concrete breakout strength in shear perpendicular to edge - Case 2. All shear resisted by rear bolts (D.6.2)
148.9 kips

40.5 kips

2' 3"
6'
7.5"
3 5.0"
7.5"

6.5" 2' 11.0" 6.5" 4'

Plan on foundation Section A-A


Concrete breakout - shear

Applied shear; Vapp = V = 40.50 kips


Edge distance x for shear near corner; ca1 = 41.5 in
Edge distance y for shear near corner; ca2 = min(yce1, yce2) - (((Nbolty - 1)/2) sbolty) = 7.5 in
Load bearing length of anchor; le = min(hef, 8 da) = 12 in
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb1 = 7 (le / da)0.2 (da) a (f'c 1psi) (ca1)1.5 = 219.72 kips
Vb2 = 9 a (f'c 1psi 1 in) (ca1)1.5 = 152.18 kips
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb = Min(Vb1, Vb2) = 152.18 kips
Projected area of a single anchor; AVco = 4.5 ca12 = 7750.1 in2
Projected area of a group of anchors; AVc = 1867.5 in2
Mod factor for edge effect; ed.V = 0.7 + 0.3 ca2 / (1.5 ca1) = 0.736
Eccentricity of loading; eV = 0 in
Modification factor of eccentric loading; ec,V = min(1, 1 / (1 + ((2 e'V) / (3 ca1)))) = 1.000
Modification factor for cracking; c,V = 1.400
Modification factor for edge distance; h,V = 1.0 = 1.000
Nominal concrete break out strength in shear; Vcbg = AVc / AVco ec,V ed,V c,V h,V Vb = 37.79 kips
Concrete break out strength in shear; Vcbg = v,c Vcbg = 26.45 kips
FAIL - Shear in bolts exceeds shear breakout perpendicular to edge strength
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
7
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

Concrete breakout strength in shear - Case 1. Half of shear resisted by front bolts (D.6.2)
148.9 kips

40.5 kips

2' 3"
6'
7.5"
3 5.0"
7.5"

6.5" 2' 11.0" 6.5" 4'

Plan on foundation Section A-A


Concrete breakout - shear

Applied shear; Vapp = V / 2 = 20.25 kips


Edge distance x for shear near corner; ca1 = 6.5 in
Edge distance y for shear near corner; ca2 = min(yce1, yce2) - (((Nbolty - 1)/2) sbolty) = 7.5 in
Load bearing length of anchor; le = min(hef, 8 da) = 12 in
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb1 = 7 (le / da)0.2 (da) a (f'c 1psi) (ca1)1.5 = 13.62 kips
Vb2 = 9 a (f'c 1psi 1 in) (ca1)1.5 = 9.43 kips
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb = Min(Vb1, Vb2) = 9.43 kips
Projected area of a single anchor; AVco = 4.5 ca12 = 190.1 in2
Projected area of a group of anchors; AVc = 292.5 in2
Mod factor for edge effect; ed.V = 0.7 + 0.3 ca2 / (1.5 ca1) = 0.931
Eccentricity of loading; eV = 0 in
Modification factor of eccentric loading; ec,V = min(1, 1 / (1 + ((2 e'V) / (3 ca1)))) = 1.000
Modification factor for cracking; c,V = 1.400
Modification factor for edge distance; h,V = 1.0 = 1.000
Nominal concrete break out strength in shear; Vcbg = AVc / AVco ec,V ed,V c,V h,V Vb = 18.91 kips
Concrete break out strength in shear; Vcbg = v,c Vcbg = 13.24 kips
FAIL - Shear in bolts exceeds shear breakout perpendicular to edge strength
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
8
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

Concrete breakout strength in shear parallel to edge - Case 2. All shear resisted by rear bolts (D.6.2)
148.9 kips

40.5 kips

2' 3"
6'
7.5"
3 5.0"
7.5"

6.5" 2' 11.0" 6.5" 4'

Plan on foundation Section A-A


Concrete breakout - side shear

Applied shear; Vapp = V = 40.50 kips


Edge distance x for shear near corner; ca1,p = 22.5 in
Edge distance y for shear near corner; ca2,p = min(xce1, xce2) - (((Nboltx - 1)/2) sboltx) = 6.5 in
Load bearing length of anchor; le = min(hef, 8 da) = 12 in
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb,p1 = 7 (le / da)0.2 (da) a (f'c 1psi) (ca1,p)1.5 = 87.71 kips
Vb,p2 = 9 a (f'c 1psi 1in) (ca1,p)1.5 = 60.75 kips
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb,p = Min(Vb,p1, Vb,p2) = 60.75 kips
Projected area of a single anchor; AVco,p = 4.5 ca1,p2 = 2278.1 in2
Projected area of a group of anchors; AVc,p = 1620 in2
Mod factor for edge effect; ed,V,p = 1.000
Eccentricity of loading; eV,p = 0 in
Modification factor of eccentric loading; ec,V,p = min(1, 1 / (1 + ((2 e'V,p) / (3 ca1,p)))) = 1.000
Modification factor for cracking; c,V = 1.400
Modification factor for edge distance; h,V,p = 1.0 = 1.000
Nominal concrete break out strength in shear; Vcbg,p = 2 AVc,p / AVco,p ec,V,p ed,V,p c,V h,V,p Vb,p = 120.96 kips
Concrete break out strength in shear; Vcbg,p = v,c Vcbg,p = 84.67 kips
PASS - Shear breakout strength parallel to edge exceeds shear in bolts
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
9
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

Concrete breakout strength in shear parallel to edge - Case 3. All shear resisted by front bolts (D.6.2)
148.9 kips

40.5 kips

2' 3"
6'
7.5"
3 5.0"
7.5"

6.5" 2' 11.0" 6.5" 4'

Plan on foundation Section A-A


Concrete breakout - side shear

Applied shear; Vapp = V = 40.50 kips


Edge distance x for shear near corner; ca1,p = 7.5 in
Edge distance y for shear near corner; ca2,p = min(xce1, xce2) - (((Nboltx - 1)/2) sboltx) = 6.5 in
Load bearing length of anchor; le = min(hef, 8 da) = 12 in
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb,p1 = 7 (le / da)0.2 (da) a (f'c 1psi) (ca1,p)1.5 = 16.88 kips
Vb,p2 = 9 a (f'c 1psi 1in) (ca1,p)1.5 = 11.69 kips
Basic concrete breakout strength; Vb,p = Min(Vb,p1, Vb,p2) = 11.69 kips
Projected area of a single anchor; AVco,p = 4.5 ca1,p2 = 253.1 in2
Projected area of a group of anchors; AVc,p = 399.4 in2
Mod factor for edge effect; ed,V,p = 1.000
Eccentricity of loading; eV,p = 0 in
Modification factor of eccentric loading; ec,V,p = min(1, 1 / (1 + ((2 e'V,p) / (3 ca1,p)))) = 1.000
Modification factor for cracking; c,V = 1.400
Modification factor for edge distance; h,V,p = 1.0 = 1.000
Nominal concrete break out strength in shear; Vcb,p = 2 AVc,p / AVco,p ed,V,p c,V h,V,p Vb,p = 51.65 kips
Concrete break out strength in shear; Vcb,p = v,c Vcb,p = 36.15 kips
FAIL - Shear in bolts exceeds shear breakout parallel to edge strength
Pryout strength of anchor in shear (D.6.3)
Coefficient of pryout strength; kcp = 2.0
Nominal pryout strength of anchor in shear; Vcpg = kcp Ncbg = 76.03 kips
Pryout strength of anchor in shear; Vcpg = v,cB Vcpg = 53.22 kips
Project Job Ref.

PCA
Section Sheet no./rev.
10
Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
B 12/7/2017

PASS - Pryout strength of anchor exceeds shear in bolts


Interaction of tensile and shear forces
Critical design strength in tension; Nn = Ncbg = 24.71 kips
Critical applied tensile force; Nua = NR = 148.90 kips
Nua / Nn = 6.026
Critical design strength in shear; Vn = Vcbg,r = 26.45 kips
Critical applied shear force; Vua = abs(V) = 40.50 kips
Vua / Vn = 1.531
Vua / Vn > 0.2 and Nua / Nn > 0.2,
Interaction check in accordance is with D.7.3 required
Interaction; Ib = Nua / Nn + Vua / Vn = 7.557
FAIL - interaction of forces is greater than 1.2