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Chapter 1

Oil Seals
Lubricant selection: lubrication oil,
grease, dry lubricants
The purpose of lubrication in bearing
applications
Minimize friction at points of contact within
the bearings
Protect the highly finished bearing surfaces
from corrosion
Dissipate heat generated within the bearings
Remove foreign matter or prevent its entry
into the bearings
Choice of a lubricant
Depends primarily on the operating conditions, such
as the temperature range, speeds, and surrounding
influences.

Example
The lubricant in a bearing arrangement gradually
loses its lubricating properties over time as a result
of mechanical work, aging, and the buildup of
contamination.
Necessary for grease to be replenished or renewed
and for oil to be filtered and changed at regular
intervals to help promote maximum bearing
service life.
To achieve all this effectively an
appropriate lubricant needs to be used.
Example
The cleanliness and the storage
conditions of the bearing need to be
taken care of. Lubricants also prevent
dust and water etc from entering the
arrangement.
Two most common types of lubrications
used in the bearings are grease and oil.
Oil lubricant Grease lubricant
Advantage Disadvantage Advantage Disadvantage
Liquid-can Liquid-harder to Easily confined in Restricted to
lubricate all retain the housing lower-speed
surfaces applications
Oil- better Higher losses Improves Only within
lubricant for high efficiency of operating-
speeds or high mechanical seals temperature limits
temperature to give better of the grease
protection to the
bearing

Oil- easier to keep Bearing enclosure


clean for re- and seal design is
circulating simplified
systems
Dry lubricant
Dry lubricants are solid chemical compounds, usually in the form
of either a powder or film coating, that are used to reduce friction
between moving parts.

Types of compounds
1. graphite
2. molybdenum disulfide
3. polytetrafluoroethylene
4. boron nitride
5. tungsten disulfide

Advantages
Ability to withstand significantly higher temperature (up to 662)
Operation principles and servicing of
bearing, oil seals mechanical drives
and pumps
Bearing
Anti friction (rolling-element) bearings are used
whenever the reduction of friction are required at the
interface of dynamic and static of components in
machinery

Function
Reduce friction
To support force
To control position of moving element