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# Manning's formula

## V = 1/n * R 2/3 * S 1/2

S = (V * n * R -2/3)2

## A = cross sectional area of flow (m2)

R = hydraulic radius A/P (m)
P = wetted perimeter (m)

## S = slope of pipe (m/m)

Q= A * 1/n * R 2/3 * S 1/2 V = 1/n * R 2/3 * S 1/2

Calculation

INPUTS OUTPUT

## Pipe Diameter (inch) 4

Percent of (or ratio to) full depth (100 if
flowing full) = (0:100) 50 Q (m3/s) 0.0000
n 0.011
V (ft/s) 0.00
slope (%) 0

A (m2) 0.0041

P (m) 0.1596

R (m) 0.0254
S = (V * n * R -2/3)2

Calculation

INPUTS OUTPUT

## Pipe Diameter (inch) 8 S (%) 0.000

Percent of (or ratio to) full depth (100 if
flowing full) = (0:100) 70
n 0.011

velocity (ft/s) 0

A (m2) 0.0242

P (m) 0.4028

R (m) 0.0602
D = (6.42 *Qn /S 1/2)3/8 In case of half flow

Calculation

INPUTS OUTPUT

## n 0.011 D (in) #DIV/0!

Q(m3/s) 0.0000
V (ft/s) #DIV/0!
slope (%) 0

A (m2) 0.0242

P (m) 0.4028

R (m) 0.0602
Hydraulic Radius of Partially Filled Circular Conduits (Pipes)

## Percent filling of pipe = 70 %

Pipe Inside Diameter, d = 203.2 mm

Calculations
Pipe Radius, r = 0.1016 m
Flow Depth, h = 0.06096
Central Angle, = 2.319
Circular Segment Area, k = 0.0082 m2
Arc Length, s = 0.2356 m
Flow Area, A = 0.0242 m2
Wetted Perimeter, PW = 0.4028 m
Hydraulic Radius, RH = 0.060195 m

## Inputs to calculate Q&V

Percent filling of pipe = 50 %
Pipe Inside Diameter, d = 101.6 mm

Calculations
Pipe Radius, r = 0.0508 m
Flow Depth, h = 0.0508
Central Angle, = 3.142
Circular Segment Area, k = 0.0041 m2
Arc Length, s = 0.1596 m
Flow Area, A = 0.0041 m2
Wetted Perimeter, PW = 0.1596 m
Hydraulic Radius, RH = 0.0254 m
Hydraulic Radius of Partially Filled Circular Conduits (Pipes)

k h

q k
r r
q
q
k
h
s
s

## =2 arccos ( rhr ) =2 arccos ( rhr )

Circular Segment Area Circular Segment Area

2 2
r ( Sin ) r ( Sin )
k= k=
2 2
Arc Length Arc Length

s=r s=r

## Flow Area Flow Area

A =k A =r 2 k
Wetted Perimeter Wetted Perimeter

PW =s PW =2 r s

A A
RH= RH=
Pw Pw
Manning's Roughness
Surface Material Coefficient
-n-
Asbestos cement 0.011
Asphalt 0.016
Brass 0.011
Brick 0.015
Canvas 0.012
Cast-iron, new 0.012
Clay tile 0.014
Concrete - steel forms 0.011
Concrete (Cement) - finished 0.012
Concrete - wooden forms 0.015
Concrete - centrifugally spun 0.013
Copper 0.011
Corrugated metal 0.022
Earth, smooth 0.018
Earth channel - clean 0.022
Earth channel - gravelly 0.025
Earth channel - weedy 0.03
Earth channel - stony, cobbles 0.035
Floodplains - pasture, farmland 0.035
Floodplains - light brush 0.05
Floodplains - heavy brush 0.075
Floodplains - trees 0.15
Galvanized iron 0.016
Glass 0.01
Gravel, firm 0.023
Masonry 0.025
Metal - corrugated 0.022
Natural streams - clean and straight 0.03
Natural streams - major rivers 0.035
Natural streams - sluggish with deep
0.04
pools
Natural channels, very poor condition 0.06
Plastic 0.009
Polyethylene PE - Corrugated with
0.009 - 0.015
smooth inner walls
Polyethylene PE - Corrugated with
0.018 - 0.025
corrugated inner walls
Polyvinyl Chloride PVC - with smooth
0.009 - 0.011
inner walls
Rubble Masonry 0.017
Steel - Coal-tar enamel 0.01
Steel - smooth 0.012
Steel - New unlined 0.011
Steel - Riveted 0.019
Vitrified Sewer 0.013 - 0.015
Wood - planed 0.012
Wood - unplaned 0.013
Wood stove pipe, small diameter 0.011 - 0.012
Wood stove pipe, large diameter 0.012 - 0.013