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Test (Levels 57)

Name _____________________________ Class ____________


1 A sherbet dip has three main ingredients. When
you put the sherbet in your mouth there is a
chemical reaction, and you feel a fizzing sensation.
a Carl tested each of the ingredients separately
with universal indicator.
Complete the table to show the results that
he found.

Ingredient Colour of universal indicator pH of solution Acid, alkali or neutral


citric acid 3 acid
sugar green
sodium hydrogencarbonate 9
colouring green

[5 marks]

b The fizzing is caused by the reaction of the citric acid with one of the other ingredients. A
gas is given off.
i Which ingredient reacts with the acid? _________________________________
ii What is the nema of the gas that is given off?
______________________________________
iii What is the name of the reaction between an acid and an alkali?
_________________________________________________________________
iv The reaction in sherbet forms a substance called sodium citrate.
What type of substance is sodium citrate? _______________________________
[4 marks]

c i Sodium hydrogencarbonate is a chemical compound. How can we tell this from


the name?
_________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________
ii Write the name of one metallic element, and two non-metallic elements that are in
sodium hydrogencarbonate.
Metal _______________ Non-metals _______________ and ______________

Adapted from Exploring Science QCA Copymaster File 9 Pearson Education Limited 2003
iii Write the name and chemical symbol for one of the elements that you gave in
part ii.
Element: __________________ Symbol: __________________
[4 marks]

[3 marks]
2 a Draw lines to match the rocks, rock type and description.

rock granite sandstone marble

rock type metamorphic igneous sedimentary

Fragments of rock These rocks are These rocks


get washed away formed when are formed
by water. These other rocks are when molten
description bits get deposited changed by heat rocks cool.
downstream or in and high pressure
the sea and then underground.
get compressed to
form rocks.
[3 marks]

b What is the name of the white sedimentary rock that reacts with hydrochloric acid to give
off carbon dioxide?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
3 Melanie carried out tests on four different gases.
Test 1: She added a little limewater to a tube of gas and shook it up.
Test 2: She put a burning splint into a second tube of each gas.
a Complete each box in the table to describe the results of the tests.
If there is no reaction for a test, write no reaction. Do not leave any box blank.
The first one has been done for you.

Effect of the gas on limewater Effect of adding a burning splint to the gas
Gas 1 no reaction flame goes out
Gas 2: hydrogen
Gas 3: carbon dioxide
Gas 4: oxygen

[6 marks]

b Suggest the name of a gas that could be gas number 1. ___________________________


[1 mark]

Adapted from Exploring Science QCA Copymaster File 9 Pearson Education Limited 2003
4 Some hot candle wax was left to cool down in a test tube. The graph shows how the
temperature of the wax changed.
U se Word 6.0 c or l ater to

view Maci ntosh picture.

a What is happening to the wax at stage B? ____________________________________


[1 mark]
b Why is there no further change in temperature after point D?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
c What is the melting point of the wax? _______________________________________
[1 mark]
d At which point on the graph will the wax molecules be moving most quickly?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
e How many minutes did it take for the wax to become completely solid?
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
f Below are six descriptions of the way the molecules in the wax could move:
i How do the molecules move at point A? Write A in the correct box.
[1 mark]
ii How do the molecules move at point C? Write C in the correct box.
[1 mark]
They move in straight lines at a high speed.
They vibrate around fixed points.
They can move past each other but collide quite often.
They cannot move at all.
They all move in the same direction.
They move in a totally random way and collide very occasionally.

Adapted from Exploring Science QCA Copymaster File 9 Pearson Education Limited 2003
5 An experiment was set Use Word 6.0c or later to

up as shown in the
diagram.
view Macintosh picture.

a What is the name of the substance with the formula H2SO4?


______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
b Give the names of the two products formed when the magnesium is lowered into the
liquid.
i _________________________________________________________________
ii _________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
c Name another metal that could be used safely in this experiment, which would react in a
similar way to magnesium.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
d Name a metal that does not react with dilute H2SO4.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
e Name a metal that is too dangerous to use in this experiment because of the risk of an
explosion.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
f The mass of the flask and the contents were measured, and the temperature was noted
before lowering the magnesium. The mass and temperature were recorded again after the
reaction had finished. The temperature of the solution had risen.
i What change, if any, would there have been in the mass of the flask and contents?
_______________________________________________________________

Adapted from Exploring Science QCA Copymaster File 9 Pearson Education Limited 2003
ii Explain your answer.
_______________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
g The experiment was repeated with a longer piece of magnesium ribbon.
Explain how this will affect the temperature rise.
______________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
6 This question is about the weathering of rocks. Weathering is one stage in the formation of
sedimentary rocks.
a Write the numbers 1, 2, 3 and 4 in the boxes to show the correct order of the four
processes involved when sedimentary rocks are formed.
weathering deposition transport cementation
[1 mark]
b Explain how the freezethaw process weathers rock when water is present.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
c Freezethaw is a physical weathering process. Describe and explain one other physical
process that can weather rocks.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[3 marks]
d Weathering of rock can also occur through chemical processes.
Describe and name a chemical process that causes weathering and explain how it affects
rocks and buildings.
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]

Adapted from Exploring Science QCA Copymaster File 9 Pearson Education Limited 2003
Iron and steel structures also weather or corrode in the atmosphere.
e i Write a word equation for the reaction of iron with oxygen.
_______________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
ii What is the formula for an oxygen molecule in the atmosphere?
_______________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

Adapted from Exploring Science QCA Copymaster File 9 Pearson Education Limited 2003