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B2_Redox Tuesday, 12 December 2017

Redox Reactions

1. Assign oxidation number to the underline elements in each of the following species:
(a) NaH2PO4 (b) CrO2Cl2 (c) H4P2O7 (d) K2MnO4
(e) CaO2 (f) H2S2O7 (g) KAl(SO4)2.12H2O (h) NaBH4
(i) NH2OH (j) (CH3)2SO (k) [Cr(NH3)6]Cl3 (l) K3[Fe(CN)6]
(m) KIO3 (n) RuO4 (o) K2TaF7 (p) C in diamond

2. Identify the oxidizing and reducing agents for each of the following reactions:

(a) 2AgBr (s) + C6H6O2 (aq) 2HBr (aq) + C6H4O2(aq)

(b) HCHO(l) + 2[Ag(NH3)2]+ (aq) + 3OH (aq) 2Ag(s) + HCOO(aq) + 4NH3(aq) + 2H2O(l)
(c) N2H4(l) + 2H2O2(l) N2(g) + 4H2O(l)
(d) Pb(s) + PbO2(s) + 2H2SO4(aq) 2PbSO4(s) + 2H2O(l)
(e) Sn2+ + 2Hg2+
Hg 22 + + Sn4+

(f) 2Cu2+ + 4I
2CuI + I2
(g) 2Cu2O(s) + Cu2 S(s)
6Cu(s) + SO2 (g)

(h) NaOH + Cl2

NaCl + NaClO + H2O

3. How many moles of electrons are involved in balancing the following redox processes?
(a) H2S + NO3 S + NO

(b) Mn(OH)2 + H2O2 MnO2 + 2H2O

(c) Cr2O7 + Fe2+ + C2O42- Cr3+ + Fe3+ + CO2 + H2O

(d) Br2 + OH BrO3 + Br

4. Match the following

ListI [Compound] ListII [Oxidation state of N]

I. KNO3 (A) 1/3

II. HNO2 (B) 3

III. NH4Cl (C) 0

IV. NaN3 (D) +3

(E) +5

5. One of the following oxides does not react with molecular oxygen: NO, N2O, SO2, SO3 and P4O6. Based on oxidation
numbers, which one is it? Explain. [No. of valence e: N=5, P=5, O=6, S=6]

6. Nitric acid is a strong oxidizing agent. When nitric acid reacts with a strong reducing agent such as zinc metal, which of
the following species is least likely to be produced: N2O, NO, NO2, N2O4, N2O5, NH4 . Explain why.

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