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Chapter 3

METHODS AND PROCEDURES

This Chapter presents the methods and procedures,

sampling technique, the measuring instrument, the data

gathering procedure and the statistical tools that were

used in this study.

Research Design

The study will make use of the descriptive method

since its purpose is to assess the perception of fourth

year Criminology students in the implementation of OPLAN

Tokhang. Descriptive studies are purposive processes of

gathering, analyzing, classifying and tabulating data about

prevailing conditions, practices, processes, trends and

cause-effect relationships and then making adequate and

accurate interpretation about such data with or without the

aid of statistical tool.

Respondents of the Study

The respondents of the study will be randomly selected

from fourth year BS Criminology students enrolled for 1st

Semester, SY 2017-2018 at FLVC comprising 100 respondents.


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Table 1

Distribution of the Respondents

Respondents Population
BS Crim 4-Block A 20
BS Crim 4-Block B 20
BS Crim 4-Block C 20
BS Crim 4-Block D 20
BS Crim 4-Block E 20
Total 100

Data Gathering Tool

The data gathering tool to be used in the study will

be a survey questionnaire checklist to gather the needed

data on the perception of fourth year Criminology students

in the implementation of OPLAN Tokhang.

Part 1 contains the perception on OPLAN Tokhang

relative to program implementation, its effects to the

community and crime prevention;

Part 2 contains the identified gaps in the

implementation of OPLAN Tokhang relative to program

implementation, its effects to the community and crime

prevention; and

Last part contains the measures to be recommended to

cover the identified gaps in the implementation of OPLAN

Tokhang relative to program implementation, its effects to

the community and crime prevention. A Likert Scale will be


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used in all sections of the questionnaire to determine the

degree of responses of the respondents.

Data Gathering Procedure

The following procedures will be undertaken in

gathering data after the validation of the instrument:

The respondents will submit letter request to the

President of FLVC to be noted by the Dean for the conduct

of the study;

Upon approval, the respondents will hand over

questionnaires to respondents personally;

Collect the answered instrument, sort and tally the

responses;and

Analyze and interpret the data.

Statistical Tool

The data of the questionnaire checklist that deals

with the perception on OPLAN Tokhang, the identified gaps

in the implementation of OPLAN Tokhang and the measures to

be recommended to cover the identified gaps in the

implementation of OPLAN Tokhang relative to program

implementation, its effects to the community and crime

prevention will be analyzed using weighted mean.

Furthermore, t-Test will be used to test the degree of

difference between the assessments of the respondents by


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year level and as a whole on perception on OPLAN Tokhang

relative to program implementation, its effects to the

community and crime prevention.