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(c) Dolly sheep (d) None of these

10. Which is the wrong combination [AMU 2000]


(a) Landsteiner Blood group
(b) Chargaff and Davidson A = T; G = C
(c) Watson and Crick DNA structure
(d) None of the above

11. 'One gene one enzyme hyopthesis' was given by


[BHU 1995; MP PMT 1996; AMU 2000; DPMT 2001]
(a) Watson and Kornberg (b) Beadle and Tatum
(c) Khorana and Nirenberg (d) Jacob and Monod
12. Laws of inheritance were given by
(a) Lamarck (b) Khorana
(c) Mendel (d) Darwin
NEET (BIOLOGY) 13. Primitive conditions of earth were experimentally shown
by
Topics: Living World and [Kerala PMT 1997]
(a) Oparin (b) Urey
Protista. (c) Miller (d) Both (b) and (c)
[Total Marks: 360 Marks ] 14. The 'three kingdom system' of general classification was
proposed by [Assam CEE 2001]
(a) Copeland (b) Ernst Haeckel
(c) R.H. Whittaker (d) Carolus Linnaeus
1. Fossilization would occur when flora and fauna are 15. The art of growing short plants is called
buried by [DPMT 2004] [EAMCET 1995; AFMC 2002]
(a) Natural processes (b) Industrial processes (a) Bonsai (b) Horticulture

(c) Both 'a' and 'b' (d) All of these (c) Topiary (d) Tissue culture
2. Tallest angiosperm is [AFMC 2004] 16. All the synthesis reactions in the body form a division of
(a) Eucalyptus (b) Red wood tree metabolism called
(a) Anabolism (b) Catabolism
(c) Oak tree (d) Pinus
(c) Chemical reaction (d) None of these
3. Study of behaviour of animals is called 17. A coconut high in a palm tree has........owing to its
[RPMT 1996; BHU 2004]
location
(a) Ethology (b) Parapsychology
(a) Free energy (b) Kinetic energy
(c) Euphenics (d) Etiology (c) Activation energy (d) Potential energy
4. Which German physicst invented the electron 18. The energy transformation in the nervous system is
microscope which won him 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics [AIIMS 2003] [Kerala PMT 2002]
(a) Van't Hoff (b) Ernst Ruska (a) Chemical to radiant (b) Chemical to electrical
(c) J.H.D Jensen (d) Eugene P. Wignes (c) Chemical to mechanical (d) Mechanical to radiant
5. Who wrote a memoir on the earthworm, Pheretima, to 19. The process in which excess energy is lost by light
describe its morphology and anatomy waves is called [JIPMER 2002]
[CPMT 1991; BHU 1997] (a) Photolysis (b) Fluorescence
(a) Baini Prasad (b) Bahl K.N. (c) Photo-oxidation (d) Photophosphorylation
(c) Thillayampalam E.M. (d) Das S.M. 20. Energy is utilized by cells for
6. Christian Gram belongs to which country [AMU 1999] (a) Reproduction (b) Growth
(a) Italy (b) Sweden (c) Biochemical activities (d) All of these
(c) Denmark (d) Germany 21. Lipids are generally
(a) A high energy source (b) Hydrophobic
7. The pioneers in the field of 'Organic evolution' are
(c) Composed of fatty acids (d) All of the above
[KCET 2001]
(a) Darwin, Hugo de Vries, Lamarck, Huxley
22. Which one of the following is an example of
(b) Darwin, Lamarck, Karl Landsteiner, Hugo de Vries glycoprotein
[AMU 2001]
(c) Lamarck, Karl Landsteiner, Malthus, Hugo de Vries
(a) Mucin (b) Lecithin
(d) Karl Landsteiner, Hugo de Vries, Malthus, Darwin (c) Casein (d) Haemoglobin
8. The term 'ecosystem' was proposed by 23. Atoms share electrons unequally in a/an......bond
[EAMCET 1996; MP PMT 2001] (a) Ionic (b) Hydrogen
(a) Goli (b) Odum (c) Nonpolar covalent (d) Polar covalent
(c) Tansley (d) Whittaker 24. Which of the following is a trace element required only
9. Recently cloned species is [CBSE PMT 2000] in small amounts by most living things
(a) Dolly goat (b) Molly sheep (a) Oxygen (b) Iron
The living world
(c) Nitrogen (d) Hydrogen 37. Which of the following is true for viruses [DPMT 1992]
25. Which of the following substances does not play a role in (a) They invariably contain DNA
normal human physiology (b) They multiply only in host cell
(a) Calcium (b) Silver
(c) They occur only inside bacteria
(c) Phosphorus (d) Sulphur
(d) Their genetic material is RNA
26. The smallest unit of an element that retains all the
properties of the element is 38. Which is the vestigial organ in man
(a) Atom (b) Molecule [DPMT 1985; ST 1972; CPMT 1981, 85, 86; MP PMT 1999]
(c) Electron (d) Compound (a) Vermiform appendix (b) Cervical vertebra
27. The highest level of organization among the following is (c) Atlas (d) None of the above
(a) Ecosystems (b) Iandscapes 39. Homologous organs are
(c) Populations (d) communities [DPMT 1992; CBSE PMT 1995; MP PMT 1997; Pb.
28. Which of the following is not concerned with viruses PMT 2000; CBSE PMT 2003]
[CPMT 1984] (a) Similar in origin (b) Similar in function
(a) Viruses are made up of nucleic acid and proteins (c) Similar in development (d) Similar in behaviour
(b) Viruses multiply only in living host cell 40. Fossils are dated now by
(c) Viruses can not use oxygen for respiration [CPMT 1975; AFMC 1980; MP PMT 1994, 2001]
(d) Viruses can be grown in sugary liquid (a) Stratigraphic position
(b) Amount of calcium residue
29. Interferons are produced in response to [BVP 2004]
(c) Association with other animals
(a) Virus (b) Bacteria
(c)Helminthes (d)Malarial parasites (d) Radioactive carbon (C 14 ) contents
30. Interferon is [MH CET 2003] 41. The splint bone of present day horse is a vestige of
[DPMT 1993]
(a) Bacteria (b) Anti-Viral
(a) Fourth toe
(c) Anti-algal (d) Anti-bacterial
(b) First toe
31. Tobacco mosaic Virus (TMV) has
[AIEEE Pharmacy 2004;MHCET 2001; BVP 2002]
(c) Second toe
(d) Second and fourth toes in limbs
(a) A single stranded RNA molecule
42. Which one of the following sets of structure includes
(b) A double stranded RNA molecule only analogous organs [DPMT 1985, 86; CPMT 1978]
(a) Wings of butterfly, housefly and bat
(c) A single stranded DNA molecule
(b) Hind legs of horse, grasshopper and bat
(d) A double stranded DNA molecule (c) Hands of man, monkey and kangaroo
32. Tailed bacteriophages are [CBSE PMT 1995] (d)Mandibles of cockroach, mosquito and honey bee
(a) Motile on surface of bacteria 43. Darwin gave the theory of evolution was based on
(b) Non-motile [CPMT 1984, 2003; J&K CET 2003]

(c) Actively motile in water (a) Survival of the fittest


(d) Motile on surface of plant leaves (b) Natural selection
33. Which one of the following is the cause of yellow fever (c) Mutation
[AMU 1990] (d) Descent with modifications
(a) Virus (b) Bacteria 44. There is more competition for survival between
(c) Protozoa (d) None of these [AFMC 1983]
34. An extreme example of latency in which DNA of the (a) Same animals of same niche
phage is integrated with the DNA of host cell (b) Different animals of same niche
chromosome is (c) Same animals of different niche
[DPMT 1993]
(d) Different animals of different niche
(a) Lysis (b) Lysogeny
45. If mating is random, population is large and mutation
(c) Attenuated virus (d) Prophage
does not occur; then gene frequencies of population from
35. Coliphage T2 has [AFMC 1997]
generation to generation remain constant. This was put
(a) ssRNA (b) ssDNA forwarded by [AIIMS 1993]
(c) dsRNA (d) dsDNA (a) LederbergLederberg (b) Wallace
36. Which of the following was used by Hershey and Chase (c) Hardy Weinberg (d) Haeckel
to prove that DNA is the chemical basis of heredity
46. In Whittaker's five kingdom classification, unicellular
[BHU 1981; AIIMS 1993; BVP 2003] eukaryotes primarily aquatic and having various cell organelles
(a) TMV (b) Cauliflower mosaic constitute [Chd. CET 1997]
virus (a) Monera (b) Protista
(c) Dahlia mosaic virus (d) T2 bacteriophage (c) Animalia (d) Plantae
The living world
47. Planktons are organisms which [JIPMER 1993] (a) Cyst formation (b) Zygotic meiosis
(a) Float on water surface (b) Are free swimmers (c) Gametangial meiosis (d) Binary fission
(c) Are deep sea forms (d) Are burrowing forms 64. Diatom frustule/shell is made of [BHU 1998; Manipal 2001]
48. Phytoplankton consists of [AMU 1991] (a) Silica (b) Lime
(a) Non-vascular hydrophytes (c) Magnesium carbonate (d) Any of the above
(b) Aquatic algae and photosynthetic bacteria 65. Which is not the characteristic of phylum protozoa
(c) Micro-organisms functioning as decomposers [CPMT 1984]
(d) Plant consuming animals and their remains (a) Pseudopodia
49. The scientist who coined the term 'protista' to include both (b) Binary fission
plant and animal like unicellular organism was [BHU 1982] (c) Contractile vacuole
(a) Robert Koch (b) E.F. Haeckel (d) Cell membrane as body covering
(c) L. Pasteur (d) Joseph Lister 66. Which is not the locomotory organ of protozoa
50. The slime moulds are characterized by the presence of [AFMC 2003, 05; MP PMT 2003]
[MH-CET 2003; BHU 2004] (a) Cilia (b) Flagella
(a) Elaters (b) Pseudoelaters (c) Pseudopodia (d) Parapodia
(c) Capillitium (d) Capitulum 67. Which protozoan is unlikely to have a contractile vacuole
51. Auxospores and hormocysts are formed respectively by [BHU 2001; CBSE PMT 2001]
[CBSE PMT 2005] (a) Euglena (b) Paramecium
(a) Some cyanobacteria and many diatoms (c) Amoeba (d) Plasmodium
(b) Several cyanobacteria and several diatoms 68. Entamoeba histolytica is a human parasite usually found in
(c) Some diatoms and several cyanobacteria [KCET 1999; CPMT 1992]
(d) Several diatoms and a few cyanobacteria (a) Liver (b) Lung
52. Flagellum of Astasia/Euglena is [APMEE 2002] (c) Mouth (d) Intestine
(a) Pantonematic (b) Acronematic 69. The protozoan parasite which possesses a food vacuole is
(c) Pantachronematic (d) Stichonematic [EAMCET 1998]
53. Murein is not found in the cell wall of [KCET 2004] (a) Leptomonas (b) Plasmodium
(a) Nostoc (b) Eubacteria (c)Trypanosoma (d)Leishmania
(c) Cyanobacteria (d) Diatoms 70. Animals of class ciliata [RPMT 1995]
54. Ceratium is [APMEE 2002] (a) Have two nuclei (b) Are autotrophs
(a) Dinoflagellate (b) Diatom (c) Reproduce sexually (d) Possess cilia
(c) Slime mould (d) Sporozoan 71. Excretion in Amoeba occurs through [CPMT 1999]
55. Gametic meiosis occurs in protists which are (a) Nucleus (b) Parapodia
[Chd. CET 2002] (c) Plasmalemma (d) Contractile vacuole
(a) Diploid (b) Haploid
72. Who discovered malaria parasite [RPMT 1999]
(c) Tetraploid (d) Mesokaryotic (a) Sir Ronald Ross (b) Charles Laveran
56. Unicellularity is characteristic of [AFMC 1997] (c) Patrick Manson (d) Grassi
(a) Cyanobacteria (b) Monera 73. Sporogony of malarial parasite occurs in
(c) Protista (d) All of these [APMEE 1996; AIIMS 1999; BHU 1996, 2002; DPMT
57. Euglena is a [CPMT 1998] 2004]
(a) Ciliate (b) Sporozoan (a) Liver of man
(c) Flagellate (d) Sarcodine (b) RBCs of man
58. Protozoans are able to live efficiently due to their (c) Stomach wall of mosquito
[AMU 1999] (d) Salivary glands of mosquito
(a) Motility 74. Proterospongia is a connecting link between [CMPT 1975]
(b) Rapid reproduction (a) Protozoa and porifera (b) Porifera and coelenterata
(c) Ability to manufacture food (c) Protozoa and annelida (d) Porifera and annelida
(d) Specialised organelles 75. Kingdom protista includes [AMU 2005]
(a) Amoeba, Euglena, Chlamydomonas
59. Red oceanic tides can be due to [BHU 1986]
(b) Amoeba, Euglena, Escherichia
(a) Diatoms (b) Dinophyceae
(c) Amoeba, Euglena, Pseudomonas
(c) Red algae (d) Blue-green algae
(d) Amoeba, Euglena, Penicillium
60. Some protists possess structures for regulation of their water
76. Class sporozoa of phylum protozoa is characterised by
content. They are [Chd. CET 1991]
[CMC Vellore 1993]
(a) Nuclei (b) Contractile vacuoles (a) Flagella (b) Cilia
(c) Chromatophores (d) Membranes (c) Parasitism (d) None of these
61. Slime moulds belong to [Haryana PMT 1993] 77. Conjugation in protozoa is found in [RPMT 2001]
(a) Fungi (b) Protista (a) Sarcodina (b) Flagellata
(c) Monera (d) Plantae (c)Sporozoa (d) Ciliata
62. Which one of the following can photosynthesise its food 78. Which one of the following represents class Mastigophora
[AMU 1989; JIPMER 1997; KCET 1999] [MP PMT 2001]
(a) Hydra (b) Paramoecium (a) Monocystis (b) Paramecium
(c) Monocystis (d) Euglena (c) Trypanosoma (d) Amoeba
63. Sexual reproduction in protists with diploid chromosomes 79. In primary attack of Plasmodium, the infective stage is
involves [RPMT 1999; Chd. CET 2000]
The living world
[JIPMER 2002]
(a) Merozoite (b) Trophozoite
(c) Sporozoite (d) Schizozoite
80. The poisonous substance released as a result of ruputring of
schizont in R.B.C. of malarial patient is
[CPMT 1977; AFMC 1985]
(a) Haematin (b) Haemoglobin
(c) Haemozoin (d) Haem
81. Entamoeba differs from Amoeba is not having
[DPMT 1985; CPMT 1991; RPMT 1995;
AMU 2002; MP PMT 2004; BHU 2005]
(a) Nucleus (b) Pseudopodia
(c) Ectoplasm (d) Contractile vacuole
82. The causal organism for African sleeping sickness is

(a) Trypanosoma cruzi (b) T. rhodesiense


(c) T. tangela (d) T. gambiense
83. Malaria fever coincides with liberation of
[CBSE PMT 1989; AFMC 2001; RPMT 2002]
(a) Cryptomerozoites (b) Metacryptomerozoites
(c) Merozoites (d) Trophozoites
84. Malignant tertian malaria is due to
(a) Plasmodium falciparum (b) P. vivax
(c) P. ovale (d) P. malariae
85. Infective stage of Entamoeba histolytica is
[CPMT 1997; Manipal 1999; Pb. PMT 1999; BHU 2002]
(a) Trophozoite (b) Pre-cyst
(c) Uninucleate cyst (d) Tetranucleate cyst
86. Leishmania tropica produces [AMU 1998]
(a) Sleeping sickness (b) Kala-azar
(c) Dysentery (d) Oriental sores
87. Relapsing malaria is due to [RPMT 1998]
(a) Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax
(b) Plasmodium ovale and P. vivax
(c) Plasmodium falciparum and P. ovale
(d) P. falciparum only
88. Incubation period of Plasmodium vivax is [DPMT 1999]
(a) 14 days (b) 20 days
(c) 30 days (d) 45 days
89. The stage of Entamoeba histolytica that causes intestinal
ulceration is [RPMT 2000]
(a) Trophozoite (b) Metacystic trophozoite
(c) Binucleate stage (d) Tetranucleate stage
90. Man in the life cycle of Plasmodium is [AFMC 2005]
(a) Primary host (b) Secondary host
(c) Intermediate host (d) None of these

The living world