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1. The thickness of paper is expressed in thousands of inch.

A. Measurement
B. Caliper
C. Buffer
D. Calibre
2. Chemical used to whiten paper pulp.
A. Bleach
B. Alum
C. Sufite
D. Pulp
3. A form of printing to produce a raised impression or pattern on the surface of a sheet of paper.
A. Lithograph printing
B. Embossing
C. Edge chains
D. Reprographing
4. The original inventor of Fourdrinier paper machine.
A. Fourdrinier Brothers
B. Bryan Donkin
C. Nicholas-Louis Robert
D. Milton Reynolds
5. Quality of a paper related to the amount of light that can be transmitted through its surface.
A. Thickness
B. Opacity
C. Translucent
D. Texture
6. Fundamentally, the grand mission and objective of document examiner is to determine and conclude with
scientific basis and technique who is the
A. Beneficiaries
B. Writer or signatory
C. Master mind
D. Conspirator
7. In questioned document, it is where all characteristics are grouped.
A. Class characteristics
B. Individual characteristics
C. Both A and B
D. Neither
8. Writing was written by one person when there is a sufficient number of identical writing habits and the absence of
divergent characteristics. This is in consonance with;
A. Identification
B. Non-identification
C. Either
D. Niether
9. Embellishment is an example of
A. Individual Characteristics
B. Class Characteristics
C. Both
D. Neither
10. Hiatus is a gap between strokes due to
A. Speed in writing
B. Defective writing instrument
C. Unevenness of writing materials
D. All of the choices
11. Among the following, which is not an element of movement?
A. Line Quality
B. Rhythm
C. Speed Freedom
D. emphasis
12. Writing, done rapidly, will exhibit no pen lift, except those at the
A. Middle of the words/strokes
B. End of the stroke
C. Beginning of strokes
D. B and C

13. The orientation of the writing instrument is referred to as


A. Pen position
B. Pen hold
C. Pen emphasis
D. Pen orientation
14. The relation between the tall and short letters is referred to as
A. Ratio
B. Proportion
C. Line quality
D. All
15. In questioned document examination, it is referred to as the flourishing succession of motion which are recorded
in a written record.
A. Line quality
B. Rhythm
C. Speed in writing
D. Movement
16. Slant is the angle or inclination of the axis of the letters relative to the
A. Baseline
B. Slope
C. Alignment
D. Staff
17. Uncommon and well fixed characteristic that serve as a fundamental point of identification.
A. Slant
B. Habit
C. Movement
D. All
18. Baseline is the ruled or imaginary line upon which the writing ______
A. Holds
B. Rests
C. Stays
D. Slants
19. Among the following, which is a common defect of forgery?

A. Patching
B. Retracing
C. A and B
D. None
20. Letters that extend a distance vertically above the linear letters.
A. Infra-linear
B. Supra-linear
C. Linear
D. None
21. The only question to tackle in this kind of signature forgery is the determination of the probable writer of the
forgery.
A. Simple forgery
B. Simulated forgery
C. Traced forgery
D. A and B
22. A kind of signature forgery where the resemblance of the questioned signature and genuine is apparent.
A. Fraudulent
B. Simulated
C. Simple
D. Traced
23. To identify whether simple forgery was committed, which of the following should be retrieved?
A. Standard signature from the forger
B. Standard of the genuine signature
C. Standard of the person who made the forgery
D. Identity of the forger
24. One of the following statements best describe what a collected standard is.
A. It has the advantage of easily finding it.
B. Attempt to disguise is removed.
C. The accused is aware that the specimen will be used against him.
D. None
25. Authenticity of private documents is not necessary when
A. It is 30 years old
B. More than 30 years old
C. Less than 30 years old
D. More or less 30 years old
26. During paper manufacture, the following are included except
A. Security fiber
B. Watermarks
C. Iridescent band
D. Serial number
27. Which of the following is not a crime called forgery?
A. Forging the seal of the government
B. Counterfeiting of coins
C. Mutilation of coins
D. Using forged signature or counterfeit seal or stamp
28. The imitation of a legal or genuine coin.
A. Counterfeit
B. Mutilation
C. Utter
D. Import
29. When a spurious coin is made, there is
A. Counterfeiting
B. Uttering
C. Mutilation
D. Importing
30. Mutilation of coins without the intent to defraud is
A. Not punishable under the revised penal code
B. Not punishable by any law
C. Punishable under the revised penal code
D. Punishable under Art. 164 of the RPC.
31. To make false instrument intended to be passed for the genuine one is a form of
A. Falsification
B. Forgery
C. Tracing
D. Fraud
32. Which of the following method should be used in order for the naked eye to see a charred document?
A. X-ray
B. Spectrograph
C. Ultra violet
D. Infra red
33. Which of the following security features of a paper bill does not react to ultra-violet light?
A. Serial Number
B. Watermark
C. Fluorescent printing
D. Invisible security fibers
34. Paper is for china while papyrus is for
A. Sumer
B. Turkey
C. Sumeria
D. Egypt
35. What is gustatory sensation?
A. Smell
B. Taste
C. Skin
D. Hearing
36. Positive result of photography is called
A. Picture
B. Photograph
C. Positive
D. Negative
37. Other term for lie detector is
A. GSR
B. Pneumograph
C. Cardiograph
D. Polygraph
38. In key classification, is it placed on the leftmost corner on the numerator?
A. Yes
B. Maybe
C. No
D. Sometimes
39. Flash bulb and electronic flash are two examples of light of short duration. Which among of these is popular
today?
A. Flash bulb
B. Electronic bulb
C. Lamp
D. Flash light
40. Can a strong acid destroy the fingerprint permanently?
A. Yes
B. No
C. Maybe
D. This time
41. In forensic ballistic, the firearm examiner examines the firearm usually involved in a crime or the case_____?
A. In court
B. In progress
C. Controversy
D. Handled
42. In polygraph, it is the process of detecting false statement or signs of -
A. Detection
B. Deception
C. Lie
D. Untrue statement
43. In typewriting examination which of the following first to be conducted?
A. Examination of the questioned specimen
B. Collecting of typewriting standards
C. Locate the type writer used
D. Examination of the exemplar
44. Aside from fingerprint, what is the other identification in securing NBI clearance?
A. Thumb mark
B. Pending case
C. Picture
D. Signature
45. Which of the following is a must to be considered in a sketch?
A. Compass direction
B. Name of placed
C. Time
D. Location
46. In addition to medicine, as prober, how can you preserve perishable evidence like injuries, contusions,
hematoma and the like?
A. Recording
B. Sketching
C. Photography
D. Note taking
47. In questioned document examination, it refers to a stroke which goes back to writing stroke.
A. Patching
B. Retouching
C. Retracing
D. Restroking
48. In photography probe, when murder occurred showing disarray of cabinets, photography is essential to show
defense of the -
A. Suspect
B. Witness
C. Victim
D. Kibitzers
49. In the story of crime, with the use of firearm, the energy coming from the muzzle point is called -
A. Armor-piercing
B. Velocity
C. Lead bullet
D. Muzzle energy
50. What are the two types of firearms according to the construction of the interior of the barrel?
A. Short and long barreled firearms
B. Small arms and artilleries
C. Lands and grooves
D. Smoothbore and rifled bore
51. What is the symbol of tented arch?
A. Dash
B. T
C. Te
D. A and/or B
52. It is the centermost part of the fingerprint pattern.
A. Inner terminus
B. Delta
C. Inner shoulder
D. Core
53. Fingerprint patterns like loop and whorl are found in the -
A. Pattern area
B. Delta
C. Core
D. Type lines
54. What is the test in examination of blood if belong to human or animal?
A. Takayama
B. Benzidine
C. Kestle Meyer
D. Precipitin
55. How many standards in questioned documents is needed to prove?
A. 5 standards
B. 10 signatures
C. Sufficient amount
D. 5 pages
56. In USA, what year photography was used for court presentation?
A. 1909
B. 1859
C. 1890
D. 1903
57. What is the official purpose of conducting post mortem examination?
A. To determine the duration of death
B. To determine the manner of death
C. To determine the deadly weapon
D. To determine the cause of death.
58. What part of the polygraph machine is responsible in detecting pulse rate and heart beat?
A. Kymograph
B. Pneumograph
C. Polygraph
D. Cardiograph
59. In Dactyloscopy, if we say a person with polydactyl, he or she has -
A. Extra fingerprint
B. Extra hand
C. Extra finger
D. Added finger
60. What year did the colored photography was accepted in US court?
A. 1956
B. 1978
C. 1946
D. 1960
61. Blood stays liquid for how many hours?
A. 6-8 hours
B. 9-10 hours
C. 8-12 hours
D. 3-6 hours
62. The one who creates his own systolic in polygraph examination?
A. James MacKenzie
B. Angelo Mosso
C. William Marston
D. John Larson
63. What is the color of blood in post mortem lividity?

A. Blue
B. Violet
C. Pink
D. Bright red
64. In crime laboratory concerning the study of types, model of firearm and its bullets is done by -
A. Ballistician
B. Ballistic engineer
C. Forensic engineer
D. Firearm prober
65. What is the type of document which is notarized by a RTC judge?
A. Public
B. Official
C. Private
D. None of these
66. Going back to a defective portion of a writing stroke is called -
A. Slicing
B. Embracing
C. Retouching
D. Patching
67. What is the part of firearm that extract cartridge from the chamber?
A. Breech
B. Firing pin
C. Extractor
D. Ejector
68. The caliber of the smoothbore firearm is measured by -
A. Gauge
B. Caliber
C. Caliper
D. Hundredth of an inch
69. In polygraph test, after the subject affirms that he is involved in a crime the examiner should report it to the -
A. Victim
B. Investigator
C. Object relative
D. Prosecutor
70. In fingerprint, which of the following is the pattern which refers to the rolled fingers onto the rolling impression
columns?
A. Rolled impression
B. Indexing impression
C. Palm impression
D. Little finger impression
71. A complete rotation of a fired bullet in the rifling of a gun is also termed as
A. Twist of rifling
B. Gyroscopic action
C. Rotating motion
D. Pitch of rifling
72. In photography, it is an exhibit shown in court for scrutiny by litigants and others.
A. Police photography
B. Photograph
C. Forensic photography
D. Crime scene photography
73. In what way to determine the date of a paper was made?
A. Wiremark
B. Trademark
C. Copyright
D. Watermark
74. Tripod has how many feet?
A. It depends
B. Two
C. Three
D. Four
75. In robbery case involving force upon things, which should be closely photographed?
A. Weapons used
B. Victims wounds
C. Entrance and exit
D. Things stolen
76. What is the advantage of other agencies with other agencies when it comes to authenticity?
A. Signature and photograph
B. Thumb mark and photograph
C. Thumb mark and signature
D. Signature only
77. What is the best test in determining the presence of blood?
A. Benzedine
B. Marquis
C. Takayama
D. Teichman
78. Is taking a tranquilizer and medicine for colds affects the result of polygraph examination?
A. Yes
B. No
C. Depends
D. Maybe
79. It is where handwriting rest?
A. Feet
B. Vase line
C. Baseline
D. Alignment
80. Medically speaking, it is the sudden stoppage of the heart that results to death.
A. Instantaneous rigor
B. Heart attack
C. Myocardial infarction
D. Death
81. In polygraph test, it indicates air in system, and is measured in millimeter by the -
A. Kymograph
B. Sphygmomanometer
C. Pneumograph
D. Galvanograph
82. In Dactyloscopy, the primary purpose and importance of fingerprint is for -
A. Indemnification
B. Comparison
C. Identification
D. Collection
83. Photography at the crime scene taken at the crime scene which will be used for court presentation is called -
A. Crime scene photography
B. Forensic photography
C. Crime photography
D. Police photography
84. The study of projectiles the moment the bullet leaves the muzzle of the gun is a kind of
A. Interior ballistics
B. Terminal ballistics
C. Forensic ballistics
D. Exterior ballistics
85. A magistrate and law professor in Austria who is known for introducing the word Criminalistics.
A. Hans Gross
B. Alphonse Bertillon
C. Prof. R.A. Riess
D. Edmond Locard
86. In dactyloscopy, is plain whorl always with two deltas?
a. No
b. Never
c. Yes
d. Maybe
87. A light proof box with a means of forming an image, with a means of holding sensitized material and with a
means of regulating the amount of light that enters the camera at a given time.
a. camera
b. light
c. film
d. lens
88. The location of the blood pressure in the chart paper
a. Side
b. Middle
c. Lower
d. Upper
89. What is the most common death caused by asphyxia?
a. strangulation
b. drowning
c. throttling
d. Hanging
90. What is being affected in intracranial hemorrhage?
a. brain
b. stomach
c. lung
91. A firearm which has a size of less than 1 inch
a. small firearm
b. handgun
c. revolver
d. shotgun
92. What is the measure of the rubber tube in the pneumograph?
a. 20 inches
b. 10 inches
c. 7 inches
d. 8 inches
93. An industrial complex must establish its first line of physical defense. It must have:
a. the building itself
b. communication barrier
c. perimeter barrier
d. window barrier
94. If the dead person is laying, where will the blood go during livor mortis?
A. Back
B. Neck
C. Head
D. Legs
95. If there are 6 grooves, is it also the same in lands?
A. Yes
B. No
C. Partly Yes
D. Partly No
96. What is the other term for dot?
A. Islet
B. Core
C. Delta
D. Bifurcation
97. In writing, what is being used?
A. Finger
B. Forearm
C. Hands
D. All of the choices
98. There are three types of fingerprint pattern; arch, whorl and _____.
A. Ulnar loop
B. Radial loop
C. Loop
D. Arch
99. Is your name Eric? What kind of question is this?
A. Irrelevant
B. Relevant
C. Control
D. Evidence
100. In polygraph examination, what is being detected?
A. Lying
B. Dying
C. Truth
D. Response
101. If you didnt clean the fingerprint slab, what will be the effect to the fingerprint?
A. Blurred
B. Sticky
C. Classified
D. Clear
102. What is found on the left white portion of the portrait?
A. Vignette
B. Watermark
C. Security fiber
D. Fiber
103. In Henry System how many clasifications of fingerprints are there?
A. 2
B. 3
C. 8
D. 7
104. Indication of tremor due to old age, illiteracy and sickness is what kind of signature?
A. Genuine
B. Spurious
C. Forged
D. Simulated
105. If in the CS, you found semen and blood, can you consider it as rape on minor?
A. Yes
B. No
C. Partly Yes
D. Partly No
106. In polarization film, how long is the developing?
A. 5 minutes
B. 7 min
C. 3 min
D. 8 minutes
107. What do you call the outer cover of the bullet?
A. Jacketed
B. Metallic
C. Silver
D. Ogive
108. In snake, the two snake venum is neorotoxic and _____.
A. Hemotoxic
B. Viral
C. Surgical
D. B or C

109. Why is polygraphy in the Philippines not admissible?


A. Under experimental stage
B. Under analysis
C. Based on opinion
D. Unskill

110. Phos means light, graphia means _____.


A. Write
B. Study
C. Technology
D. Record
111. In major classification, the right thumb is the numerator while the left is the denominator?
A. Yes
B. No
C. It depends
112. If you are a patrol officer, what type of CS will you photograph even though there is no SOCO photographer?
A. Vehicular accident scene
B. Infanticide scene
C. Homicide scene
D. Parricide scene
113. What is the most common symptom of coma?
A. Unconsciousness
B. Blackening of lips
C. Dilated eyes
D. consciousness
114. The dead person is dehydrated. What is lacking?
A. H2O
B. Blood
C. Air
D. Anesthesia
115. In police laboratory, the one examined by biologist is not limited to ____.
A. Semen
B. Blood
C. Riverstone
D. None of these
116. These bullets when fired emit bright red flame from their base, thereby showing the gunner the path as well as
the striking point of the bullet.
a. Jacketed bullet
b. Armor-piercing
c. Semi-wed cutter bullet
d. Tracer bullet
117. The caliber of the firearms can be determined by the bore diameter measured from:
a. Land to firearm
b. Land to land
c. Land to groves
d. Groves to land
118. The breech end of the chamber of the firearm is sealed by a solid flat block of metal against which the barrel comes
into position when the weapon is closed for firing, which is termed as:
a. Extractor
b. Breechface
c. Head space
d. Breechblock
119. The firearms that propelled projectiles more than one inch in diameter is called.
a. Machine gun
b. Musket
c. Artillery
d. Single-shot firearm
120. A Smith & Wesson type of firearm has a class characteristics of:
a. Four lands, four grooves right twist
b. Six lands, six grooves left twist
c. Seven lands, seven grooves right twist
d. Five lands, five grooves right twist

121. To impact a motion of rotation to a bullet during its passage inside the barrel to insure gyroscopic stability in its
flight is called:
a. Range
b. Gauge
c. Rifling
d. Center-fire
122. Most commonly these marks are found on bullets fired from a Revolver due to a poor alignment of the cylinder with
the bore:
a. Shaving marks
b. Skid marks
c. Pivot marks
d. landmarks
123. That science dealing with the motion of projectile from the time the firer squeezes the trigger up to the time it
reaches the muzzle of the barrel is called:
a. Posterior ballistics
b. Interior ballistics
c. Exterior ballistics
d. Terminal ballistics
124. The marks left on a bullet by a gun barrel are different from those left by any other gun barrel. This fact is most
useful in directly identifying the:
a. Person who fired the particular gun
b. Direction form which a shot was fired
c. Gun from which a bullet was fired
d.Bullet which caused a fatal wound

125. A patrolman should fire his pistol:


a. At no time
b. Primarily to stop a quarrel
c. To impress upon citizen the need for respect
d. Only as a last resort
126. . Which of the following, the best method to use in firing a revolver is to keep:
a. Both eyes closed
b. Both eyes open
c. Only the right eye is open
d. Only the left eye is open
127. .Pistols with the same number of barrel grooves on the differentiated by the direction of the twist of the rifling which
may be either be to the left or to the right. Of the following statement the one which can most accurately be inferred
is that:
a. Most pistols have the same number of grooves
b. Same pistols have rifling twisted both left and right
c. The direction of the twist in any pistol can be either left or right
d. All of the above
128. The secret of good shooting form is:
a. Proper sighting of the target
b. Firing slowly and carefully
c. A relaxed and natural position
d. Speed at which the bullet leaves the revolver

129. The term muzzle velocity refers most accurately to the:


a. Acceleration of the projectile in flight
b. Average speed of the bullet in flight
c. Rate of expansion of the grooves in the muzzle
d. Speed at which the bullet leaves the revolver

130. Discharged bullet are initiated at:


a. On base or nose
b. Left side
c. Right side
d. The end of the bullet
131. Discharged shell are initiated at:
a. Inside or outside of a case near open end
b. Where firing pin strikes
c. On any part of the shell
d. None of the above
132. Rifling in the bore of small arms is designed to:
a. Increase the speed of the bullet
b. Decrease the amount of recoil
c. Mark the bullet for purposes of identification
d. Prevent the bullet from turning and over and in the air

133. The caliber of the gun is:


a. Its barrel length
b. The circumference of its barrel
c. The size of the ammunition used
d. Diameter of the bore
134. A homicide was committed by a shotgun, all parts of the exploded shell have been recovered by the investigator
of the crime. In order to identify the shell with the gun that fired, the laboratory should be given:
a. The cap, the weds and the pellets
b. The cap and the wads
c. The cap and the pellets
d. The shot shell only
135. Which of the following, the most accurate statement concerning the identification of an unknown firearm by means
of the ballistics is that:
a. Most pistol which have left dead have at least eight lands
b. The width of the grooves in pistol can be determined by the angle of lead
c. Pistols with the same number of land can be differentiated by the direction of the lead
d. The angle lead is the angle which the land from the width of the groove

136. The marks left on a bullet by a gun barrel are different from those left by any other gun barrel. This fact is most
useful in directly identifying the:
a. Person who fired the particular gun
b. Direction form which a shot was fired
c. Gun from which a bullet was fired
d. Bullet which caused a fatal wound
137. A patrolman should fire his pistol:
a. At no time
b. Primarily to stop a quarrel
c. To impress upon citizen the need for respect
d. Only as a last resort

138. Which of the following, the best method to use in firing a revolver is to keep:
a. Both eyes closed
b. Both eyes open
c. Only the right eye is open
d. Only the left eye is open
139. .Pistols with the same number of barrel grooves on the differentiated by the direction of the twist of the rifling which
may be either be to the left or to the right. Of the following statement the one which can most accurately be inferred
is that:
a. Most pistols have the same number of grooves
b. Same pistols have rifling twisted both left and right
c. The direction of the twist in any pistol can be either left or right
d. All of the above
140. The secret of good shooting form is:
a. Proper sighting of the target
b. Firing slowly and carefully
c. A relaxed and natural position
d. Speed at which the bullet leaves the revolver
141. The term muzzle velocity refers most accurately to the:
a. Acceleration of the projectile in flight
b. Average speed of the bullet in flight
c. Rate of expansion of the grooves in the muzzle
d. Speed at which the bullet leaves the revolver
142. Discharged bullet are initiated at:
a. On base or nose
b. Left side
c. Right side
d. The end of the bullet

143. Discharged shell are initiated at:


a. Inside or outside of a case near open end
b. Where firing pin strikes
c. On any part of the shell
d. None of the above
144. Rifling in the bore of small arms is designed to:
a. Increase the speed of the bullet
b. Decrease the amount of recoil
c. Mark the bullet for purposes of identification
d. Prevent the bullet from turning and over and in the air
145. The caliber of the gun is:
a. Its barrel length
b. The circumference of its barrel
c. The size of the ammunition used
d. Diameter of the bore
146. A homicide was committed by a shotgun, all parts of the exploded shell have been recovered by the investigator
of the crime. In order to identify the shell with the gun that fired, the laboratory should be given:
a. The cap, the weds and the pellets
b. The cap and the wads
c. The cap and the pellets
d. The shot shell only

147. Which of the following, the most accurate statement concerning the identification of an unknown firearm by means
of the ballistics is that:
a. Most pistol which have left dead have at least eight lands
b. The width of the grooves in pistol can be determined by the angle of lead
c. Pistols with the same number of land can be differentiated by the direction of the lead
d. The angle lead is the angle which the land from the width of the groove
148. Paraffin test is used to:
a. Detect whether a witness is telling the truth
b. Discover whether the deceased person was poisoned
c. Estimate the approximate time of death of the deceased
d. Determine whether a suspect has fired a gun recently

149. The term double action with reference to revolver means most nearly that:
a. The revolver has both safely and automatic firing action
b. Pressure upon the trigger both cocks and released the hammer
c. The revolver can fire with or without automatic shell ejection
d. The shell of a fired shot is ejected and fresh cartridge is pushed from the magazine at the same time
150. The pitch or rate of twist in the rifling of a Pistol or Rifle barrels is called:
a. Land
b. Groove
c. Lead
d. One complete revolution inside the bore
151. Identifying markings or imprint are not left on a shell by the:
a. Firing
b. Ejector
c. Extractor
d. Hammer
152. It is the part of the mechanism in a firearm that withdrawn the shell or cartridge from the chamber is called the:
a. Ejector
b. Primer
c. Striker
d. extractor

153. A revolver to be tested and used in evidence should be picked up by:


a. Inserting a pencil or ballpen in the barrel
b. Placing a piece of wire or string through the trigger guard
c. Grasping the handle with the handkerchief
d. Grasping the barrel with clean cloth
154. The part of a .45 caliber semi-automatic pistol found at the scene of the crime is normally not individual marked
for identification in the:
a. Trigger
b. Ejector
c. Slide
d. barrel
155. The type of bore found on sewed-off shotgun is usually a:
a. Rifled bore
b. Choke bore
c. Full choke bore
d. Smooth bore
156. The maximum distance form the muzzle at which a firearm discharge will usually produce detectable powder
pattern on a target is about:
a. 6 to 10 inches
b. 6 to 10 feet
c. 6 to 10 yards
d. 6 to 10 meters
157. When a shot is fired from an automatic pistol by a criminal:
a. The empty shell remain within the chamber
b. The empty in most cases will be found at the scene of firing
c. The shell is rarely found at the crime scene
d. The shell is usually disposed by the perpetrator
158. When the draws of the revolver is completed, the index finger should:
a. Grasp the stock
b. Be straight along the barrel
c. Touch the outside of the trigger guard
d. Be inside of the trigger guard
159. A member of the police force may properly used his pistol:
a. To disperse a disorder group of people
b. To subdue a maniac
c. To prevent the escape of a pelon
d. To stop a man suspected of having committed a crime
160. A policeman arriving at the scene of a crime found a revolver, in reference to this he should be most careful:
a. To see that it is not loaded
b. To put on the safety lock
c. Not to handle it unnecessarily
d. To mark it readily on the barrel

161. The term MAGNUM originated in:


a. United States
b. France
c. England
d. Italy
162. The chemical eating away of the bore of an arm due to rusting or the action of salts deposited from the cap or
gunpowder is:
a. Pressure
b. Extractor
c. Corrosion
d. Priming Composition
163. The mechanical wear and fear of the bore of an arm due to sliding friction when the bullet passes through is:
a. Ejector
b. Single action
c. Erosion
d. Potassium nitrate
164. When the mechanism is so arranged that it will fire continuously while the trigger is depressed is called:
a. Double action
b. Caliber
c. Automatic
d. Trigger
165. The distance that the rifling advances to make one complete turn inside the gun barrel is called:
a. Gauge
b. Breech End
c. Pitch of rifling
d. Velocity
166. Weapon in which pressure upon the trigger releases the hammer that must be manually cocked is called:
a. Automatic
b. Repeating arms
c. Single action
d. Ejector
167. Weapon in which pressure upon the trigger both cocks and releases the hammer:
a. Single action
b. Trigger
c. Hammer
d. Double action
168. When a barrel of a game guns are almost invariability bored with a slightly constriction near the muzzle end is
known as:
a. Shotgun
b. Choke
c. Gauge
d. Chamber
169. The only sure method of determining the velocity is by the use of:
a. Micrometer
b. Taper Gauge
c. Caliber
d. Chronograph
170. One of the most important single case in Firearms Identification History was that involving two men who were
supposed to have their employer and his housekeeper in upper New York State:
a. Castelo Case
b. Timbol Case
c. The Stielow Case
d. Castaneda case

171. During the seven years of radical agitation that followed the arrest of these men , It was apparently forgotten that
they had been seized on specific charge of murdering one Parameter, a paymaster and his guard Berrdelli.
Forensic Ballistics sprange into national prominence during this last phrase of:
a. Brownell Case
b. Sacco-Vanzetti Case
c. Mitchell Case
d. Weber Case
172. He is doctor of medicine in Medical corps in the First World War who had transferred to the ordinance corps and
considered the Father of modern Ballistics:
a. Lieutenant Van Amberg
b. Maj. Calvin Goddard
c. Capt. Edward C. Crossman
d. Philip O. Gravelle
173. The most important single process in barrel manufacture from the standpoint of the identification expert is:
a. Reaming operation
b. Rifling operation
c. Boring operation
d. Grinding or machining

174. That part of the mechanism in a firearm which causes empty shells or cartridge cases to be thrown from the gun
is called:
a. Extractor
b. Ejector
c. Hammer
d. trigger
175. This process of combustion results in the solid powder being converted into gases rapidly, and at a high
temperature, and it is the expansion of these gases which causes the explosive force which propels the bullet or
shot charge along the barrel. This force is known as:
a. Energy
b. Pressure
c. Velocity
d. High Intensity
176. A type of firearm having six lands, six grooves with the right hand twist is:
a. Smith & Wesson
b. Browning type
c. Colt type
d. Webley type
177. An instrument used for the propulsion of projectile by the expansive force of gases coming from burning powder
a:
a. Helixometer
b. Firearm
c. Stereoscopic
d. Comparison microscope
178. A knurled ring or serrated groove around the body of the bullet which contains lubricant in order to minimize friction
during the passage of the bullet inside the bore is:
a. Jacketed bullet
b. Wad cutter bullet
c. Cannelure
d. Plated bullet
179. The bouncing off or deflection of a bullet from its original trajectory is:
a. Range
b. Fouling
c. Key hole shot
d. ricochet
180. Occurs when a cartridge fails to explode on time or there is a delayed in explosion due to faulty functioning of the
primer or faulty ignition of the propellant is:
a. Misfire
b. Recoil
c. Hang-fire
d. velocity
181. type of bullet that contains a mixture, such as phosphorus or other material, that can set fire upon impact is called:
a. Boat tail bullet
b. Tracer bullet
c. Incendiary bullet
d. Ball type
182. A short barrel rifle, with its barrel not longer than 22.
a. Gatling guns
b. Pistolized shotgun
c. Carbine
d. muskets
183. A type of weapon designed to propel projectile by means of compressed air is:
a. Springfield armory
b. Marlin rifle
c. Carbine
d. Air rifle
184. The class characteristics of a 9 mm Browning Pistol is:
a. 5 lands, 5 grooves, right hand twist
b. 4 lands, 4 grooves, right hand twist
c. 6 lands, 6 grooves, right hand twist
d. 7 lands, 7 grooves, right hand twist
185. A caliber 6.35mm is equivalent to:
a. Caliber .32
b. Caliber .25
c. Caliber .45
d. Caliber .22
186. How many lead pellets dies a 12 gauge 00 bunch shot shotgun cartridges contains:
a. 12 gauge
b. 24 pellets
c. 6 pellets
d. 9 pellets
187. Here is a case, when two specimens are examined under the comparison microscopic and was erroneously drawn
a conclusion and actually no identity exist, this matching is called:
a. Photomicrograph
b. Pseudomatch
c. Microphotograph
d. striagraph
188. When the bullet enters the rifled bore from a stationary position and is forced abruptly into the rifling, its natural
tendency is to go straight forward before encountering the regular rifling twist is called:
a. Shaving marks
b. Skidmarks
c. Individual characteristics
d. Slippage marks
189. Those characteristics which are determinable only after the manufacture of the firearm. They are characteristics
whose existence is beyond the control of men and which have random distribution. Their existence in a firearm is
brought about through the failure of the tool in its normal operation through wear and tear, abuse, mutilation,
corrosion, erosion and other fortuitous causes:
a. Forensic ballistics
b. Class characteristics
c. Riflings
d. Individual characteristics
190. The steel block which closes the rear of the bore against the force of the charge is:
a. Breechface
b. Breechblock
c. Chamber
d. bore
191. Firearms which propel projectile of less than one inch in diameter are generally classified as:
a. Artillery
b. Small arms
c. Cannons
d. Recoilless rifle
192. It is the study of firearms Identification by means of the ammunition fired through them:
a. Ballistics
b. Forensic Ballistics
c. Terminal ballistics
d. Interior ballistics
193. The class characteristics of a Smith & Wesson, revolver caliber .38 is:
a. Six lands, six grooves, right hand twist
b. Five lands, five grooves, right hand twist
c. Six lands, six grooves, left hand twist
d. Four lands, four grooves, right hand twist
194. Velocity of the bullet is being measure in:
a. Foot pound
b. Lbs./sq. inch
c. Feet per second
d. millimeter
195. How many types of problem are there in Forensic Ballistics?
a. 8
b. 7
c. 6
d. 5
196. What is that part in a cartridge cases where in the flame coming from the priming composition passes?
a. Shell head
b. Vent
c. Primer pocket
d. anvil
197. What is the most powerful handgun in the world?
a. Magnum .357
b. Magnum .44
c. Magnum .50
d. Magnum .41
198. What is the equivalent of a caliber .25 in millimeter?
a. 7.65mm
b. 6.35 mm
c. 9 mm
d. 7.63 mm
199. When a cartridge fails to explode on time or delayed in explosion;
a. Misfired cartridge
b. Hang-fire
c. Tapered cartridge
d. Rebated cartridge
200. What is the equipment in measuring the velocity of the bullet?
a. Omoscope
b. Helixometer
c. Chronograph
d. micrometer
201. Riflings located inside the barrel of a gun is a combination of:
a. Pitch grifling
b. Twist
c. Lands & grooves
d. cannelures

202. The sound created at the muzzle of the firearm after explosion is called:
a. Suppressor
b. Muzzle blast
c. Compensation
d. choke
203. What are muzzle loading firearms?
a. Muskets
b. Shotgun
c. Single sot firearms
d. Rifled arms
204. In a caliber 7.62 mm x 51 cartridge. What do you mean by 51?
a. The diameter of the cartridge case
b. The shoulder of the cartridge case
c. The diameter of the cartridge
d. The length of the cartridge case
205. A caliber 7.62 mm x 51 is equivalent
a. Caliber .32
b. Caliber .30
c. Caliber .308
d. Caliber 30.06
206. How many pellets are there in a 00 buckshot shotgun cartridge 12 gauge?
a. 12 pellets
b. 9 pellets
c. 10 pellets
d. 16 pellets
207. . A firearm which features a movable firearm which is manually actuated in motion parallel to the barrel by the
shooter;
a. Slide action type
b. Lower action type
c. Bolt action type
d. Single shot firearm
208. A device primarily designed for another purposes that have a gun mechanism in corporated in them.
a. Gas gun
b. Liberator
c. Freakish device
d. Flare guns
209. The numerals, letters and symbols stamped into the head of the cartridge case to shotshell to identify the
manufacturer, caliber or gauge.
a. Headspace
b. Headstamp
c. Proof mark
d. ratchet
210. The distance from the face of the closed breech of a firearm to the surface in the chamber on which the cartridge
seats.
a. Keyhole
b. Headspace
c. Gas operator
d. Silencer
211. The most important single process in barrel manufacture from the standpoint of the identification expert.
a. Reaming operation
b. Rifling operation
c. Boring operation
d. Grinding operation
212. The tumbling of the bullet in flight and hitting the target sideways;
a. Ricochet
b. Hang-fire
c. Key hole shot
d. misfired
213. An obsolete barrel designed in which the major length of the barrel in smooth and the few inches are rifled.
a. Gas operated
b. Damascus barrel
c. Paradox gun
d. Cape gun
214. A notched wheel on the rear of a revolver cylinder to rotate when force is applied by a level called a hand.
a. Headspace
b. Ratchet
c. Trigger pull
d. Cylinder stop
215. A rigid loop which partially surrounds the trigger to prevent accident discharge or damage to it.
a. Trigger pull
b. Trigger guard
c. Trailing edge
d. Thumb rest
216. Pressure developed after explosion is measured in:
a. feet/second
b. Lbs./sq. inch
c. Foot pound
d. Millimetre

217. Used in cases such as for sending signals and enabling to see enemies in the dark.
a. Harpoon guns
b. Gas guns
c. Flare guns
d. Care guns
218. In a caliber .30-30. What do you mean by the second 30?
a. Refers to the caliber
b. Refers to the weight of gunpowder
c. Refers to the weight of the cartridge case
d. Refers to the weight of the bullet
219. In a caliber .250-3000.The 3000 refers to the.
a. Muzzle energy
b. Diameter of the cartridge
c. Muzzle velocity of the bullet
d. Pressure developed
220. In a caliber .45 pistol. What is defective when more than one bullets will come out of the barrel in one press of the
trigger?
a. Slide
b. Main spring
c. Disconnector
d. Magazine catch
221. The amount of force which must be applied to the trigger of a firearm to cause sear to be released.
a. Velocity
b. Muzzle energy
c. Trigger pull
d. Shocking power
222. Characteristic of photographic paper usually utilized in police photography?
a. Single, glossy, white
b. Single, matte, cream
c. Double, glossy, white
d. Double matte, cream
223. When a photograph was developed, the objects in open space casts a deep and uniform shadow, what was the
lighting condition when the shot was taken?
a. Bright
b. Dull
c. Hazy
d. Cloudy

224. Refers to the response of film to different wavelength of light source.


a. Spectral sensitivity
b. Color sensitivity
c. Light sensitivity
d. Film sensitivity
225. A film sensitive to ultra violet rays and blue color only.
a. Blue sensitive
b. Orthochromatic
c. Panchromatic
d. Infra red
226. Lighting condition when objects in open space casts no shadow.
a. Bright
b. Dull
c. Hazy
d. Cloudy

227. Lens corrected for astigmatism.


a. Aprochomat lens
b. Anastigmat lens
c. Achromatic lens
d. Rapid rectilinear lens
228. A camera used for surveillance must have a lens with focal length that is:
a. Wide angle lens
b. Normal lens
c. Telephoto lens
d. Narrow angle lens
229. When a material does not allow light to pass its medium it is said to be:
a. Transparent
b. Translucent
c. Opaque
d. All of the above
230. To separate colors, this homogenous medium absorbs and transmits light rays passing through it.
a. Filter
b. Stop bath
c. Developer
d. Fixer
231. In crime scene photography what is the sufficient lens type for interior photograph?
a. Wide angle lens
b. Normal lens
c. Telephoto lens
d. Narrow angle lens
232. It is used to allow light to enter through the lens for a predetermined time interval.
a. View finder
b. Shutter
c. Light tight box
d. Holder of sensitized material
233. Its primary use in photography is focus the light to the subject.
a. Light tight box
b. Shutter
c. Lens
d. View finder
234. It refers to the nearest distance at which a lens is focused with a given particular diaphragm opening.
a. Depth of field
b. Hyper-focal distance
c. Focal distance
d. Scale bed
235. It is the distance measured from the nearest to the farthest object.
a. Depth field
b. Hyper-focal distance
c. Scale bed
d. Focal distance
236. Which among the following is not a primary color?
a. Red
b. Blue
c. Yellow
d. Green
237. It is a microscopically small photograph.
a. Microphotograph
b. Photomicrograph
c. Photomacrograph
d. Macrophotograph
238. The normal developing time of a paper or film.
a. 1 to 1 minutes
b. 5 to 10 minutes
c. 20 to 30 minutes
d. 30 to 60 minutes
239. In enlarging a photograph what would be the ideal paper for printing?
a. Chloride paper
b. Bromide paper
c. Contact paper
d. Chloro-bromide paper
240. This refers to the absence of all colors.
a. White
b. Red
c. Blue
d. Black
241. A lighting condition wherein subject in open space casts a transparent shadow.
a. Hazy
b. Cloudy Dull
c. Cloudy bright
d. Bright
242. To view watermarks in disputed documents, what particular method of photography is utilized?
a. Bounce light
b. Side light
c. Transmitted light
d. Reflected light
243. Its primary function is to prevent the contamination of two chemical solution in chemical processing in photography.
a. Development
b. Stop-bath
c. Fixation
d. Bleaching
244. Which among the following comprises the essential parts of a camera?
a. Body, Lens, Shutter, Holder of sensitized material, View finder
b. Light tight box, Shutter, holder of sensitized material, View finder
c. Body, Lens, Range finder, holder of sensitized material, Shutter
d. Light tight box, Shutter, range finder, Lens, holder of sensitized material
245. A lens with a focal length of less than the diagonal of its negative material.
a. Wide angle lens
b. Normal lens
c. Long lens
d. Telephoto lens
246. Mechanism that is used to measure the angle of convergence of light coming from a subject as seen from two
apertures.
a. Focusing scale
b. Scale bed
c. View finder
d. Range finder

247. It is a magnified picture of a small object produced by connecting the lens of a camera with the ocular of a
compound microscope.
a. Microphotograph
b. Photomicrograph
c. Photomacrograph
d. Macrophotograph
248. Attributed as the person who first discovered first true photography.
a. William Henry Fox Talbot
b. Thomas Wedgewood
c. Louis Jacques Mande Dagurre
d. Joseph Nicephore Niepce
249. Basic film exposure with an ASA rating of 100 at bright sunlight with normal subject.
a. 1/30 f-8
b. 1/125 f-11
c. 1/60 f-4
d. 1/250 f 2-8
250. In police photography, to obtain a general view of the scene we use a camera at what particular level?
a. Elevated
b. Eye level
c. Birds eye view
d. Worms eye view
251. The wavelength of electromagnetic energy in reference to visible light is:
a. 001 to 100
b. 300 to 400
c. 400 to 700
d. 700 to 1000
252. Photography is defined as drawing with what particular element?
a. Light
b. Camera
c. Film
d. Developer
253. It refers to a lens that is characterized as by the thicker center and thinner sides.
a. Positive lens
b. Negative lens
c. Concave lens
d. Convex lens
254. It is the film with the widest range of sensitivity to the various energies of the electromagnetic spectrum.
a. Infra-red
b. X-ray
c. Orthochromatic
d. Panchromatic
255. The first use of photography in police work is in what particular field?
a. Crime prevention
b. Identification files
c. Surveillance work
d. Crime scene investigation
256. The chemical processing step wherein the latent image recorded on the paper or film becomes visible.
a. Fixer
b. Bleacher
c. Stop bath
d. Developer

257. Refers to the process of taking pictures with the use of microscope.
a. Microphotography
b. Photomicrography
c. Macrophotography
d. Photomacrography
258. The primary controlling factor of the sharpness of image refers to:
a. Hyper-focal distance
b. Focal distance
c. Focusing
d. Focal length
259. Infrared radiation is also referred to as:
a. Laser light
b. Coherent light
c. Black light
d. Heat rays
260. The emulsion speed rating of films expressed in logarithmic values refers to:
a. ISO rating
b. ASA rating
c. DIN rating
d. BSI rating
261. Commonly used hardening agent in an acid fixing solution.
a. Hypo or silver halide
b. Potassium Alum
c. Sodium Sulfate
d. Acetic Acid
262. Chemical used as an accelerator in a developer solution.
a. Hydroquinone
b. Sodium sulfite
c. Sodium carbonate
d. Potassium bromide
263. Refers to the product of illumination and time.
a. Exposure
b. Development
c. Sensitized material
d. Photograph
264. Chemical used in developing to prevent fogging.
a. Potassium Bromide
b. Sodium Sulfite
c. Sodium Carbonate
d. Boric Acid
265. A homogenous mixture which absorbs and transmits differentially light rays passing through it.
a. Stop bath
b. Fixer
c. Filter
d. Dektol
266. Papillary or friction ridges may be located at:
a. Fingers
b. Palms
c. Soles of the feet
d. All of the choices
267. The fingerprint classification which is used in the US and other English speaking country.
a. Henry System
b. Batley System
c. Bertillion System
d. Galton System
268. Which among the following is considered as a basic type of ridge characteristics?
a. Ridge endings
b. Bifurcation
c. Dots
d. All of the choices
269. Study of the characteristics formed by the sides of papillary ridges as means of identification.
a. Edgeoscopy
b. Poroscopy
c. Podoscopy
d. Chiroscopy
270. In taking fingerprints the absolute control of the subjects hand is:
a. Necessary
b. Unnecessary
c. Optional
d. Excessive
271. Usually occupational damage to ridge formation is:
a. Temporary
b. Permanent
c. Lasting
d. Stable
272. An inking pad which requires no ink or roller.
a. Porelon
b. Special pad
c. Inkless pad
d. None of the foregoing
273. If the same digits of both hands are missing, the impression are arbitrarily classified as.
a. Plain whorl with meeting tracing
b. Loops with ridge count
c. Arches
d. Dependent on ridge tracings
274. Referred to as outer terminus:
a. Delta
b. Dots
c. Bifurcation
d. None of the foregoing
275. Failure to clean the slab after using it produces:
a. Impression of false markings
b. Accentuation of patterns
c. Pattern reversals
d. Difficulty in photographing
276. In taking fingerprints ______ are rolled away from the body of the subject.
a. All fingers
b. All fingers except the thumbs
c. Both thumbs
d. Both little fingers
277. Impressions which are taken simultaneously on the fingerprint card are referred to as:
a. Rolled impressions
b. Plain impressions
c. Fragmentary impressions
d. Visible impressions
278. Known for his rule which states that No two individuals in the world are exactly the same size and that human
skeleton does not change after 20 years.
a. Darwin
b. Mendel
c. Galton
d. Bertillon
279. The easiest means of discovering latent fingerprint, is to view the area:
a. Obliquely
b. About half an inch distance
c. Directly
d. About one inch distance
280. Fingerprint pattern in which two or different type of pattern are represented:
a. Accidental Whorl
b. Central pocket loop
c. Double loop
d. Whorl
281. A distinct fingerprint pattern with two separate loops, with its respective shoulder and deltas.
a. Double loop
b. Accidental loop
c. Central pocket loop
d. Whorl
282. A fingerprint pattern with a single loop but it has two deltas.
a. Accidental loop
b. Double loop
c. Whorl
d. Central pocket loop
283. What pattern bears a downward slant of ridge from the thumb toward the little finger?
a. Tented Arch
b. Radial loop
c. Ulnar loop
d. Loop
284. A fingerprint pattern which one or more ridges enter on either side of the impression by a recurve, and terminate
on the same side where the ridge has entered.
a. Tented arch
b. Radial loop
c. Ulnar loop
d. Loop
285. It is a triangular shaped and formed by the bifurcation of a ridge at the outer portion of the pattern.
a. Latent prints
b. Ridge
c. Core
d. Delta

286. The three basic types of ridge characteristics are:


a. Enclosure, long ridges and upthrusts
b. Criss-crossing ridges, incipient ridges and spurs
c. Ridge endings, dots and bifurcations
d. Type lines, converging ridges and recurving ridges
287. A single ridge that bifurcates and meets again to form a single ridge is called:
a. Enclosure ridge
b. Dot ridges
c. Short ridges
d. Resembling a loop

288. Which part of the human body has no papillary ridges.


a. Soles of the foot
b. Palm
c. Finger
d. Elbow
289. Points often missed in rolling impression.
a. Bifurcation
b. Core
c. Delta
d. Ridge
290. Fingerprints left at the crime scene which may be an impression or imprint.
a. Latent print
b. Pattern
c. Loop
d. Arch
291. Which among the following is not considered as a basic fingerprint pattern?
a. Loop
b. Arch
c. Whorl
d. Accidental
292. A fingerprint pattern in which the ridges form a sequence of spirals around core axes.
a. Whorl
b. Central pocket loop
c. Double loop
d. Accidental
293. Refers to the study of sweat gland openings found on papillary ridges as a means of identification.
a. Poroscopy
b. Edgeoscopy
c. Podoscopy
d. Dactyloscopy
294. A ridge which forks out into two ridges.
a. Delta
b. Bifurcation
c. Core
d. Pores
295. Fingerprints pattern in which the downward slant or ridges from the little finger toward the thumb.
a. Ulnar loop
b. Radial loop
c. Arch
d. Whorl
296. Basis of fingerprint identification.
a. Pores
b. Ridges
c. Friction ridges
d. Latent print
297. Fingerprinting is universally used as a valuable method of identification due to following reason; except:
a. Fingerprints are not changeable
b. There are no two identical fingerprints
c. Wounded or burned out patterns will re-appear
d. It is formed in the ninth month of pregnancy

298. Period of a persons life wherein papillary ridges are formed and developed?
a. 3rd month of fetus life
b. 6th month of infancy
c. At birth
d. 3 months after birth
299. Nucleus of the fingerprint pattern which may resemble a loop, spiral or rod.
a. Delta
b. Core
c. Ridge
d. Whorl
300. Minimum identical characteristic detail to justify the identity between two points.
a. Nine
b. Twelve
c. Fifteen
d. Eighteen
301. Study which deals of poisons, their origin, physical and chemical properties, physiological action, treatment and
method of detection.
a. Forensic Chemistry
b. Toxicology
c. Posology
d. Forensic Medicine
302. A substance which when introduced into the body is absorbed in the blood stream and acting chemically is capable
of producing noxious effect.
a. Drugs
b. Dangerous drugs
c. Poison
d. Antidotes
303. Refers to poisons which produces inflammation of the mucus membrane and characterized by vomiting, pain in
the abdomen and purging.
a. Corrosives
b. Irritants
c. Narcotics
d. Tetanics
304. When a substance acts directly upon the spinal cord producing immobility or stiffness to the parts to which they
are attached, it is classified as:
a. Corrosives
b. Irritants
c. Narcotics
d. Tetanics
305. In criminal investigation metallurgy plays an important application in:
a. Counterfeit coins
b. Theft and Robbery
c. Bombs and Explosives
d. Restoration of tampered serial numbers
306. Agents which depress or retard the physiological action of an organ.
a. Corrosives
b. Sedatives
c. Tetanics
d. Narcotics

307. According to the methods of isolation, what poison is isolated by means of distillation.
a. Volatile poisons
b. Non volatile poisons
c. Metallic poisons
d. Tetanic poisons
308. When the effect of a poison is marked by disturbance of function or death within a short time, the poisoning is
classified as:
a. Acute poisoning
b. Sub-acute poisoning
c. Chronic poisoning
d. Suicidal poisoning
309. When the action of the poison is marked by disturbance produced in distant part from the site of application, it is
classified as:
a. Local
b. Remote
c. Combined
d. Acute

310. Referred to as the circulating tissue of the body.


a. Semen
b. Blood
c. Cells
d. Muscles
311. A man of average built would normally have how many quarts of blood?
a. 6 quarts
b. 7 quarts
c. 8 quarts
d. 9 quarts
312. It is a stray yellow colored liquid, and comprises about 65% of the blood.
a. Platelets
b. Fibrin
c. Leucocytes
d. Plasma
313. It is the oxygen carrier of the blood.
a. Plasma
b. Hemoglobin
c. Erythrocytes
d. Fibrin
314. Reliable and easy way to test blood even when it is decomposed and stained with contamination.
a. Benzidine test
b. Van Deens Test
c. Phenolphthalein test
d. Precipitin test
315. Stage of blood examination wherein the actual proof that subject is definitely blood.
a. Preliminary test
b. Confirmatory test
c. Precipitin test
d. Blood typing and grouping
316. Test to determine whether blood is of human origin or not.
a. Preliminary test
b. Confirmatory test
c. Precipitin test
d. Blood typing and grouping

317. Positive result in the preliminary examination for semen in Barberios test.
a. Picric acid
b. Spermine picrate
c. Napthol diazonium
d. Anthraquinous chloride
318. Animal fiber may be best described by:
a. It is composed of protein
b. Gives yellow fluorescence under ultra violet light
c. It burns fast
d. It has acid like odor when burned
319. When gunpowder explodes, this would determine the approximate time of firing the gun?
a. Soot
b. Nitrates and nitrites
c. Gases
d. Metallic fragments
320. In determining whether the hair is of human or animal origin what should the chemist examine under the
microscope?
a. Parts of the shaft
b. Parts of the tip
c. Parts of the hair
d. Parts of the root
321. A fiber which burns rapidly and the fumes turns blue litmus to red, it is:
a. Cotton
b. Silk
c. Fiber glass
d. Steel wool
322. It is the part of the hair which is referred to as a race determinant?
a. Cortex
b. Cuticle
c. Medulla
d. Shaft
323. A test for fiber used in determining whether it is of human or animal origin
a. Ignition test or burning
b. Fluorescence analysis
c. Chemical analysis
d. Microscopic analysis
324. Kind of ink is wherein the use of chemical bleaches is ineffective.
a. Carbon
b. Logwood
c. Nigrosine
d. Gallotanic
325. Refers to any agent which neutralizes poison and its effects.
a. Emetics
b. Antidotes
c. Alkaloids
d. Tetanics
326. Which among the following exhibits bluish fluorescence when exposed to u.v. light?
a. Blood
b. Semen
c. Saliva
d. Urine
327. Oldest known explosive.
a. Black powder
b. Smoke powder
c. Dynalite
d. TNT
328. Deals with the study and identification by means of body fluids.
a. Immunology
b. Serology
c. Posology
d. Pharmacology
329. The process in reproducing physical evidence by plaster moulds.
a. Casting
b. Cementing
c. Moulage
d. Pickling
330. Major component of a glass.
a. Lime
b. Silica
c. Soda
d. Lime
331. Highly irritant poison which causes local destruction of tissues and causes nausea.
a. Corrosives
b. Irritants
c. Tetanics
d. Asthenics

332. A super cooled liquid which possess high viscosity and rigidity.
a. Lime
b. Soda
c. Glass
d. Gel
333. An organic bacterial poison.
a. Strychnine
b. Ptomaine
c. Brucine
d. Chloroform
334. This test is used to detect the presence of semen particularly in stained clothing.
a. Microscopic test
b. Barberios test
c. Florence test
d. Ultraviolet test
335. The best method in comparative soil analysis.
a. Chemical examination
b. Density gradient test
c. Ultra-violet light examination
d. Microscopic test
336. To know whether a paper is not easily torn, what test is utilized?
a. Accelerated aging test
b. Bursting strength test
c. Opacity examination
d. Microscopic examination
337. A gas with a rotten egg odor usually made by decaying body.
a. Chloride
b. Ammonia
c. Carbon dioxide
d. Hydrogen sulfide
338. The application of chemical principles in the examination of evidence.
a. Forensics
b. Criminalistics
c. Instrumentation
d. Forensic Chemistry
339. To positively determine the presence of blood in stained material, what test is used?
a. Takayama Test
b. Phenolphtalien test
c. Baberios test
d. Florence test
340. According to the method of isolation, volatile poisons may be isolated by means of what process?
a. Extraction
b. Dilution
c. Distillation
d. Dialysis
341. Which of the following is not an accurate test for the presence of alcohol in the human body?
a. Saliva test
b. Harger breath test
c. Fecal test
d. Drug test
342. A disturbance produced by poison on that part with which the poison came into contact.
a. Acute
b. Local
c. Remote
d. Combined
343. A material which is used to which is used to improve the quality of the paper.
a. Sizing material
b. Rosin
c. Gelatin
d. Starch
344. By adding Millons reagent, a pink color would be formed if it is pesent.
a. Rosin
b. Starch
c. Casein
d. Gelatin
345. Oldest ink material known to man.
a. Logwood
b. Nigrosine
c. Carbon
d. Gallotanic
346. Only type of ink wherein age may be determined.
a. Logwood
b. Nigrosine
c. Carbon
d. Gallotanic
347. It refers to the obscuring of writing by superimposing ink, pencil or other marking material.
a. Erasure
b. Obliterated writing
c. Indented writing
d. Contact writing
348. Female pelvis diameter is _______ compared with male pelvis.
a. Greater
b. Equal
c. Lesser
d. Less significant

349. How many minutes is necessary persistent cessation in respiration, circulation and brain function is sufficient to
declare a person clinically dead?
a. 10-15 minutes
b. 15-30 minutes
c. 30-45 minutes
d. 45-60 minutes

350. A simple test used to determine cessation of respiration by placing water or mercury in a container on top of the
chest of a person and no visible movement is noticed.
a. Winslov test
b. Florence test
c. Barberio test
d. Castle Meyer test
351. A muscular change characterized by the softness of the muscles and in which it no longer responds to mechanical
or electrical stimulus due to the dissolution of proteins.
a. Stage of primary flaccidity
b. Stage of secondary flaccidity
c. Rigor mortis
d. Livor mortis
352. In tropical countries, hair and nails are detached from a dead body in how many days?
a. 7
b. 14
c. 21
d. 28
353. Maggots are seen in dead bodies particularly in warm countries within how many days from death?
a. 1
b. 2
c. 3
d. 4
354. Refers to a fracture where there is a break in the bone, loss of alignment of the affected bones and separation of
fragment bones.
a. Simple fracture
b. Compound fracture
c. Comminuted fracture
d. None of the foregoing
355. Bleeding usually in the cavity or organs in the body.
a. Internal hemorrhage
b. Hematoma
c. Contusion
d. Internal wound
356. Abrasion due to contact with a rough, hard object.
a. Imprint abrasion
b. Pressure abrasion
c. Friction abrasion
d. Graze
357. Refers to an abrasion due to pressure applied and with accompanying movement over the skin.
a. Pressure abrasion
b. Imprint abrasion
c. Impact abrasion
d. Graze
358. A nervous disease marked by seizures with convulsion and loss of consciousness.
a. Epilepsy
b. Apoplexy
c. Catalepsy
d. Uremia
359. Refers to the accumulation in the blood ordinarily eliminated in the urine; specifically a toxic condition seen in
urinary suppression, marked by nausea, vertigo, vomiting, coma and convulsion.

a. Epilepsy
b. Apoplexy
c. Catalepsy
d. Uremia
360. Livor mortis or post mortem lividity is completed in how many hours when the blood has already clotted or diffused
to different parts of the body wherein the discoloration is permanent and darker in color?
a. 12 hours
b. 24 hours
c. 36 hours
d. 48 hours
361. In blood grouping, should there be no agglutination with either group A or B what would be the particular blood
group of the sample.
a. Group A
b. Group B
c. Group AB
d. Group O
362. Period of time wherein human bones will not exhibit changes.
a. 10 years
b. 20 years
c. 30 years
d. 40 years
363. It is the formation of a soft, friable and brownish white greasy substance in the soft fatty tissue after death.
a. Saponification
b. Rigor mortis
c. Mummification
d. Maceration
364. A discoloration of the body after death when the blood tends to pool in the blood vessels of the most dependent
portions of the body and starts 20 to 30 minutes after death and is completed by 12 hours.
a. Rigor mortis
b. Primary flaccidity
c. Maceration
d. Livor mortis
365. Average time for the stomach to empty its contents after meals.
a. 2 to 3 hours
b. 3 to 4 hours
c. 4 to 5 hours
d. 5 to 6 hours
366. Rate of growth of human hair.
a. 0.4 to 0.5 mm. / day
b. 0.5 to 0.6 mm. / day
c. 0.6 to 0.7 mm. / day
d. 0.7 to 0.8 mm. / day
367. A person is considered dead if the rate of fall of body temperature is about:
a. 10 to 15 deg. F
b. 15 to 20 deg. F
c. 20 to 25 deg. F
d. 25 to 30 deg. F
368. A break or solution in the continuity of the skin.
a. Wound
b. Trauma
c. Bruise
d. Scratch
369. A wound which inflicted in the body which is so serious that it will endanger ones life.
a. Non-mortal wound
b. Mortal wound
c. Trauma
d. Coup injury
370. A collection of blood underneath the skin.
a. Contusion
b. Bruise
c. Petechiae
d. Hematoma
371. Straining or tearing of tendons, ligaments and muscles causing skin discoloration and extreme pain.
a. Sprain
b. Contusion
c. Fracture
d. Dislocation
372. It is fracture wherein a break of the skin and bone is evident.
a. Simple
b. Compound
c. Comminuted
d. Dislocation
373. A displacement of the articular surface of the bone without external wounds.
a. Sprain
b. Fracture
c. Hematoma
d. Dislocation
374. In gunshot wounds, when there is evident burning of tissue and blackening of the skin, it may be ascertained that
it is a near contact fire meaning that the distance of the body to the gun is approximately.
a. 6 inches
b. 12 inches
c. 18 inches
d. 24 inches
375. A physical injury which is found at the site and also the opposite site of the application of force.
a. Extensive injury
b. Coup injury
c. Contre coup injury
d. Coup and contre coup injury
376. A physical injury found at the site of the application of force.
a. Extensive injury
b. Coup injury
c. Contre coup injury
d. Coup and contre coup injury

377. A wound produced by a blunt instrument such as log and stone.


a. Punctured wound
b. Hack wound
c. Lacerated wound
d. Incised wound

378. When the person was stabbed by an ice pick, what wound would be exhibited?
a. Punctured wound
b. Hack wound
c. Lacerated wound
d. Incised wound
379. Wound produced by a butchers knife.
a. Punctured wound
b. Hack wound
c. Lacerated wound
d. Incised wound
380. The basic building blocks of DNA are as follows ACGT, A stands for what?
a. Adenine
b. Adenide
c. Adenum
d. Adenoid
381. In crimes which took place twenty years ago, what sample should be obtained for DNA testing?
a. Fingerprints
b. Hair
c. Skeleton
d. Teeth
382. It is inherited from the mother found in the mitochondria which is in the cell body
a. Nuclear DNA
b. Helix
c. Mitochondrial DNA
d. DNA nucleus
383. Period of time wherein human bones will not exhibit changes.
a. 10 years
b. 20 years
c. 30 years
d. 40 years
384. A complete, continuous, persistent cessation of respiration, circulation and almost all brain function of an organism.
a. Somatic death
b. Cellular death
c. Molecular death
d. Apparent death
385. Manner of walking of a person which may be natural
a. Mannerism
b. Tic
c. Gait
d. Body language
386. This muscular change upon death lasts about 20 to 30 minutes and is characterized by the relaxation of the
muscles and loss of their natural tone.
a. Stage of primary flaccidity
b. Post mortem rigidity
c. Cadaveric spasm
d. Secondary flaccidity
387. Approximate time for the completion of one case for DNA testing.
a. Minimum of 2 weeks
b. Minimum of 4 weeks
c. Minimum of six weeks
d. Minimum of eight weeks

388. Period of time wherein there body would be skeletonized, under normal conditions in tropical countries.
a. 1 month
b. 3 months
c. 6 months
d. 12 months
389. In cases of suicide, what would be the noticeable muscular change.
a. Cold stiffening
b. Heat stiffening
c. Instantaneous rigor
d. Putrefaction
390. Fixed discoloration of the blood clothed inside the blood vessels or has diffused to different parts of the body.
a. Diffusion lividity
b. Clotting of the blood
c. Rigor mortis
d. Hypostatic lividity
391. Approximate average amount of semen per ejaculation under normal conditions.
a. 2 to 2.5 cc
b. 2.5 to 5 cc
c. 5 to 10 cc
d. 1.5 to 3.5 cc
392. DNA is found in all nucleated cells of the body, it is regarded as the fingerprint of life. What does it stands for?
a. Deonatural acid
b. Dynamic natural anti-body
c. Deoxyribonucleic acid
d. Deoxyribunucliec acid
393. A powerful tool in identification which points to the source of biological evidence by matching it with samples from
the victims, suspects and their relatives.
a. DNA profiling
b. Serology
c. Instrumentation
d. Forensics
394. Body fluids routinely tested because they are good sources of cells.
a. Saliva and tears
b. Semen and saliva
c. Urine and semen
d. Semen and blood
395. Human beings tissue attached to the body which may undergo DNA testing.
a. Hair
b. Bone
c. Skin
d. Fingernails
396. It is the dissolution of the tissues by the digestive action of its bacteria and enzyme.
a. Primary flaccidity
b. Post mortem rigidity
c. Cadaveric spasm
d. Putrefaction
397. Conclusive evidence that subject person is a female.
a. Possession of vagina
b. Possession of ovaries
c. Possession of estrogen
d. Possession of progesterone

398. A person with big face and prominent cheek bones.


a. Hippocratic facie
b. Mongolian facie
c. Myxedema facie
d. Facies lionine
399. Conclusive evidence that a person is a male.
a. Presence of testis
b. Presence of androsterone
c. Possession of penis
d. Possession of testosterone
400. A whitish foam at the mouth and nostrils due to mucous secretion of the respiratory track after death.
a. Cutis anserina
b. Washerwoman
c. Champignon d ocume
d. Cadaveric spasm
401. It is a death that occurs due to illness of the body.
a. Natural death
b. Molecular death
c. Somatic death
d. Apparent death
402. A type of burn produced as a result of the body coming into contact with a moving object.
a. Thermal burn
b. Friction burn
c. Radiation burn
d. Electrical burn
403. A condition of a woman who have had one or more sexual experience but not had conceived a child.
a. Moral virginity
b. Demi-virginity
c. Physical virginity
d. Virgo intact
404. Refers to the action of a bacteria to a dead body.
a. Flaccidity
b. Rigidity
c. Lividity
d. Putrefaction
405. A condition of exposure to cold temperature of certain parts of the body which produces mechanical disruption of
cell structure characterized by cold stiffening and diminished body temperature.
a. Gangrene
b. Frostbite
c. Trench foot
d. Immersion foot
406. Failure of adequate heat elimination related to the breakdown of sweating mechanism.
a. Heat cramp
b. Heat exhaustion
c. Heat stroke
d. Burning
407. In determining the sex by analyzing the skeleton, which part is not used?
a. Skull
b. Pelvis
c. Sternum
d. Tibia
408. A serious burn involving skin nerves, muscles and bones, considered as the most severe burn causing death due
to loss of fluids and electrolytes in the body and massive infection.
a. Sunburn
b. 1st degree burn
c. 2nd degree burn
d. 3rd degree burn
409. A person who is devoid of oxygen for around 3 to 5 minutes would die, the case of death would be?
a. Stupor
b. Stroke
c. Asphyxia
d. Exhaustion
410. Most effective method in determining sex of an individual.
a. Gonodal test
b. Social test
c. Genital test
d. Chromosomal test
411. Its medical-legal importance is to approximate the time of death.
a. Cadaveric spasm
b. Putrefaction
c. Mascular contraction
d. Rigor mortis
412. Defloration is the laceration of the hymen due to:
a. Masturbation
b. Fingering
c. Sodomy
d. Sexual intercourse
413. In cellular or molecular death, death of individual cell occurs in:
a. 20 to 30 minutes
b. 3 to 6 hours
c. 12 to 24 hours
d. 24 to 36 hours
414. Most noticeable sign of death.
a. Cessation of respiration
b. Progressive fall of body temperature
c. Insensibility of body and loss of power to move
d. Cessation of heart action and circulation
415. Most common and scientific method of detecting deception.
a. Polygraphy
b. Polygraph
c. Truth serum
d. Interrogation
416. Devised an instrument capable of continuously recording pulse rate, respiration and blood pressure.
a. William Marston
b. Angelo Mosso
c. John Larson
d. Sticker

417. Psychological response to any demand.


a. Reaction
b. Stress
c. Pressure
d. All of the above
418. For male subjects, what is the amount of air pressure is to be utilized in the system of cardio or vent.
a. 30 mm
b. 60 mm
c. 90 mm
d. 120 mm
419. A subject must have at least how many hours of sleep considered fit for polygraph examination.
a. 5
b. 6
c. 7
d. 8

420. Type of question related to the facts of the case and is answerable by NO.
a. Relevant question
b. Irrelevant question
c. General question
d. Immaterial question
421. Question known to the subject and is answerable by YES.
a. Relevant question
b. Irrelevant question
c. General question
d. Immaterial question
422. An act of discovery, indicative of the fact that something is hidden or obscure.
a. Fear
b. Deception
c. Detection
d. Reaction
423. An inhibition of a previous activity of an effector organ or organism as a result of stimulation.
a. Response
b. Deception
c. Detection
d. Reaction
424. Refers to an emotional response to a specific danger, which appears to go beyond a persons defensive power.
a. Response
b. Reaction
c. Stimuli
d. Fear
425. This component drives the chart paper under the recording pen simultaneously at the rate of 6 to 12 inches per
minute.
a. Cardiosphygmograph
b. Kymograph
c. Galvanograph
d. Pneumograph
426. Part of the galvanograph attached to the left fingers of the subject.
a. Finger electrode plate
b. Diacritic notch
c. Rubber convoluted tube
d. Kymograph
427. This component record changes of the subject blood pressure and pulse rate.
a. Cardiosphygmograph
b. Sphygmomanometer
c. Galvanograph
d. Pneumograph
428. It records the subjects skin resistance to a small amount of electricity.
a. Cardisphygmograph
b. Sphygmomanometer
c. Galvanograph
d. Pneumograph
429. This component records the changes in the breathing of the subject.
a. Cardisphygmograph
b. Sphygmomanometer
c. Galvanograph
d. Pneumograph
430. Kind of lie wherein a person assumes another identity to deceive others.
a. Black lie
b. White lie
c. Red lie
d. Yellow lie
431. Deviation from normal tracing of the subject in the relevant question.
a. Reaction
b. Normal response
c. Specific response
d. Positive response
432. Chart tracing of subject when irrelevant questions were answered.
a. Reaction
b. Normal response
c. Specific response
d. Positive response
433. Normal time interval for pre-test interview.
a. 20 to 30 minutes
b. 30 to 60 minutes
c. 60 to 90 minutes
d. 90 to 120 minutes
434. The primary objective of post test interview.
a. To thank the subject
b. To obtain confession
c. To make the subject calm
d. To explain polygraph test procedures

435. The purpose of pretest interview.


a. To prepare subject for polygraph test
b. To obtain confession
c. To make the subject calm
d. To explain polygraph test procedures
436. Refers to questions to ascertain the subjects normal pattern of response.
a. Relevant questions
b. Irrelevant questions
c. Supplementary questions
d. Control questions
437. The number of basic tracings in the modern polygraph.
a. 3
b. 4
c. 5
d. 6
438. Developed the systolic blood pressure method for detecting deception.
a. William Marston
b. Harold Burtt
c. John Larson
d. Leonarde Keeler

439. He noted that respiratory and systolic blood pressure changes were signs of deception.
a. William Marston
b. Harold Burtt
c. Leonard Keeler
d. John Larson
440. Italian scientist who used hydrosphygmograph procedure for accused persons.
a. Angelo Mosso
b. Veraguth
c. Lombroso
d. Vittorio Benussi
441. Pioneer who first used the term psychogalvanic skin reflex.
a. Angelo Mosso
b. Veraguth
c. Lombroso
d. Vittorio Benussi
442. Who first incorporated the galvanograph with measurement, respiration component and blood pressure.
a. Harold Burtt
b. Hans Gross
c. Leonarde Keeler
d. John Larson
443. Refers to any specimen or writing executed normally without any attempt to change or control its identifying
habits and its usual quality of execution.
a. Natural writing
b. Disguised writing
c. Cursive writing
d. System of writing
444. Jose Pidal in trying to fake his own signature to hide his identity is using:
a. Natural writing
b. Disguised writing
c. Cursive writing
d. System of writing
445. Writing in which are for most part joined together.
a. Natural writing
b. Disguised writing
c. Cursive writing
d. System of writing
446. Usual deviations found between repeated specimen of any individual handwriting or in the product of any
typewriter.
a. Normal variation
b. Natural variation
c. Tremor
d. Wrong hand writing

447. A person executing a signature while his arm is steadied and assisted produces a:
a. Guided signature
b. Normal signature
c. Scribble
d. Handwriting signature
448. A preliminary embellished initial common to capital letters.
a. Embellishment
b. Beard
c. Buckle knot
d. Diacritic
449. A minute curve which occurs at the end of terminal strokes.
a. Hook
b. Spur
c. Loop
d. Staff
450. An oblong curve found in small letters f,g,h and l.
a. Hook
b. Spur
c. Loop
d. Staff
451. The introductory backward stroke added to the staff of many capital letters and which can also be seen
occasionally in introductory strokes of small letters.
a. Embellishment
b. Beard
c. Buckle knot
d. Hitch
452. A loop made as a flourish which is added to a letter.
a. Embellishment
b. Beard
c. Buckle knot
d. Diacritic
453. Additional unnecessary stroke for ornamental purposes.
a. Embellishment
b. Hump
c. Diacritic
d. Knot
454. Balance quality of movement of the harmonious recurrence of stress of impulse.
a. Line quality
b. Rhythm
c. Baseline
d. Writing pressure
455. Refers to the periodic increase in pressure or intermittently forcing the pen against the paper surface with
increase pressure.
a. Writing pressure
b. Shading
c. Pen emphasis
d. Natural variation
456. An imaginary line upon which the writing rests.
a. Line quality
b. Baseline
c. Foot
d. Hitch
457. A signature written by the forger in his own style of handwriting without attempting to copy to form of the genuine
signature.
a. Traced forgery
b. Disguised forgery
c. Simulated forgery
d. Simple forgery
458. A freehand imitation and regarded as the most skillful type of forgery.
a. Traced forgery
b. Disguised forgery
c. Simulated forgery
d. Simple forgery

459. Which among the following is an indication of genuineness of handwriting?


a. Continuity
b. Smoothness
c. Skillful writing
d. Tremor

460. Document which is completely written and signed by the testator.


a. Genuine document
b. Disputed document
c. Holographic document
d. Authentic document
461. A document which contains some changes either as an addition or deletion.
a. Altered documents
b. Disputed document
c. Obliterated document
d. Inserted document
462. It refers to the smearing over a writing to make the original undecipherable.
a. Decipherment
b. Restoration
c. Obliteration
d. Interlineation
463. A class of signature for routine document or day to day correspondence.
a. Formal
b. Complete
c. Cursory
d. Careless scribble
464. Refers to a class of signature to acknowledge important documents.
a. Complete
b. Cursory
c. Informal
d. Careless scribble
465. A process by which a canal like outline is produced on a fraudulent document underneath the genuine and
tracing it with the use of pointed instrument.
a. Carbon process
b. Indention process
c. Projection process
d. Transmitted light process
466. A type face defect wherein one side is printed heavier than the rest of its outline.
a. Off its feet
b. Twisted letter
c. Clogged type face
d. Rebound

467. It is the visible effect of bodily movement which is almost unconscious expression of fixed muscular habits
reacting from fixed mental impressions.
a. Handwriting
b. Writing
c. Typewriting
d. Writing movement
468. A writing instrument that makes detection of hesitation and pen-lifts difficult.
a. Ball point pen
b. Fountain pen
c. Iron nutgall ink
d. Markers
469. Disconnection between letters or letter combination due to lack of movement control.
a. Pen lift
b. Retouching
c. Patching
d. Retracing
470. A distinctive design which is translucent impressed on the paper during manufacture.
a. Water marks
b. Fiber marks
c. Paper design
d. Wire marks
471. In utilizing a stereo-graphic photomicrograph, what particular condition is manifested?
a. Grainy image
b. Two image
c. Overlapping image
d. Three dimensional image
472. An element which is added to complete another letter.
a. Spur
b. Slant
c. Diacritics
d. Arc
473. It is a signature signed at a particular time and place, purpose and normal writing conditions.
a. Complete signature
b. Standard signature
c. Evidential signature
d. Model signature
474. Periodic increase in pressure, characterized by widening of the ink stroke.
a. Shading
b. Pen emphasis
c. Pen lift
d. Pen pressure
475. The most reliable criterion in judging the authenticity of paper money.
a. Quality of the engraving
b. Color of the seal
c. Wet strength of the paper
d. Watermarks
476. A coin given the appearance of a legal tender but made inferior or superior intrinsic value to that of the genuine
coin.
a. Priceless coin
b. Mutilated coin
c. False coin
d. All of the choices
477. It is a deviation showing free connecting and terminal strokes made by the momentum of the hand.
a. Tremor
b. Tremors of fraud
c. Genuine tremor
d. Deterioration
478. Any arcade formed in the body of the letters.
a. Staff
b. Slant
c. Diacritics
d. Humps

479. A type face ordinarily spaced 10 characters to the horizontal inch.


a. Pica
b. Elite
c. Proportional spacing machine
d. Adding machine
480. Developed the system of handwriting classification utilized by most police departments.
a. Lee and Abbey
b. Rolando Wilson
c. Levine
d. Landsteiner
481. A kind of document executed by a person in authority and by private parties but notarized by competent officials.
a. Official document
b. Public document
c. Commercial document
d. Private document
482. An act of diminishing the metal value of a genuine coin.
a. False coin
b. Counterfeit coin
c. Priceless coin
d. Mutilation of coin
483. It refers to the printing surface of a type block.
a. Character
b. Design
c. Pitch
d. Type face
484. Refers to a ruled or imaginary line upon which the writing rests.
a. Base
b. Baseline
c. Foot
d. Staff
485. It is the process of making out what is illegible or what has been effaced.
a. Decipherment
b. Collation
c. Obliteration
d. Comparison
486. An act of setting two or more items to weigh their identifying characteristics.
a. Comparison
b. Collation
c. Conclusion
d. Examination

487. An examination of documents wherein it is viewed with the source of illumination behind it and the light passing
through the paper.
a. Transmitted light examination
b. Oblique photography examination
c. Infrared examination
d. Ultraviolet examination
488. The art of attempting to interpret the personality of a person from his handwriting.
a. Questioned Document Examination
b. Polygraphy
c. Graphology
d. Psychology
489. Any metallic body referred to as a bullet.
a. Projectile
b. Ball
c. Shell
d. Missile
490. The science of dealing with the motion of projectiles at the same time it leaves the muzzle of the firearm to the
time it hits the target.
a. Interior ballistics
b. Exterior ballistics
c. Terminal ballistics
d. Posterior ballistics
491. The science which deals with the effect of the impact of the projectile on the target.
a. Interior ballistics
b. Exterior ballistics
c. Terminal ballistics
d. Posterior ballistics
492. Part of the firearm which strikes the firing pin.
a. Trigger
b. Hammer
c. Sear
d. Main spring

493. Applied to a shotgun which indicates bore diameter is equal to the diameter of the lead ball whose weight in pound
equal to reciprocal gauge index.
a. Caliber
b. Gauge
c. Shot
d. Charge
494. An ancient smooth bore weapon designed to shoot a single round lead ball.
a. Shotgun
b. Rifle
c. Musket
d. Pistol
495. A smooth bore weapon designed to shoot a number of lead pellets in one charge.
a. Shotgun
b. Rile
c. Musket
d. Pistol
496. Part of the firearm which closes the rear of the bore against the force of the charge.
a. Breechblock
b. Breechface
c. Ejector
d. Extractor
497. Firearm mechanism which causes empty shell to be withdrawn from the chamber.
a. Breechblock
b. Breechface
c. Ejector
d. Extractor
498. Channels cut in the interior surface of the barrel.
a. Rifling
b. Land
c. Groove
d. Cannelure
499. Rearward movement of a firearm from firing.
a. Recoil
b. Force
c. Backfire
d. Shot force
500. Refers to the mechanical wear and tear of the bore due to sliding friction when the bullet passes through it.
a. Erosion
b. Rusting
c. Corrosion
d. Decomposition
501. Distance that the rifling advances to make one compete turn.
a. Pitch of rifling
b. Choke
c. Trajectory
d. Recoil
502. Needed for a cartridge to be considered as a complete unfired unit
a. Bullet
b. Primer
c. Gunpowder
d. All of the choices
503. Most common individual characteristic that are visible on the base portion of then fired cartridge.
a. Firing pin impression
b. Ejector marks
c. Extractor marks
d. Chamber marks
504. Failure of cartridge to discharge.
a. Misfire
b. Hang fire
c. Ricochet
d. Key hole shot
505. Invented the gunpowder.
a. Chinese
b. James Forsythe
c. Van Amberg
d. Berthold Schwartz
506. Refers to a complete unfired unit of ammunition placed into gun chamber.
a. Cartridge
b. Primer
c. Bullet
d. Shell
507. The measurement of the bore diameter from land to land.
a. Gauge
b. Mean diameter
c. Caliber
d. Riflings
508. This part of the firearm strikes the primer causing the firing of the cartridge.
a. Hammer
b. Ejector
c. Trigger
d. Firing pin
509. Term used in referring to the tip of a bullet.
a. Breech
b. Ogive
c. Rim
d. Pitch
510. A smooth bore military firearm which has no riflings.
a. Shotgun
b. Rifle
c. Pistol
d. Revolver
511. A bullet covered with a thick coating of copper alloy to prevent leading.
a. Jacketed bullet
b. Metal cased bullet
c. Metal point bullet
d. Plated bullet
512. The tumbling of the bullet in its trajectory and hitting the target sideways.
a. Key hole shot
b. Ricochet
c. Hang fire
d. Misfire
513. A part of ballistics dealing with firearm identification.
a. Interior
b. Exterior
c. Terminal
d. Forensic
514. Minimum requirement for conclusive conclusions in forensic ballistics.
a. 3 test bullets/shell
b. 4 test bullets
c. 5 test bullets/shell
d. 6 test bullets/shell
515. It refers to the placement of the right and left specimen in side by side position.
a. Drag marks
b. Positively matched
c. Juxtaposition
d. Pseudomatch
516. Pattern or curved path of the bullet in flight.
a. Range
b. Trajectory
c. Velocity
d. Yaw
517. Bullets containing nitrate compounds which is set on fire when it is projected.
a. Incendiary bullet
b. Ball bullet
c. Tracer bullet
d. Explosive bullet
518. Caliber in the firearm is measured in the barrel from what particular part?
a. From land to land
b. From land to groove
c. From groove to groove
d. From groove to land

519. Revolver is distinguished from pistol by:


a. Frame
b. Barrel
c. Slide assembly
d. Rotating cylinder
520. The term double action in a firearm means.
a. Cocks and releases the hammer simultaneously
b. Manually cocks the hammer
c. Autoloads before firing
d. Double pressing of trigger
521. Regarded as the father of ballistics,
a. Albert Osborne
b. Col. Calvin H. Goddard
c. Hans Gross
d. Charles Waite
522. Raised portion between the groove found inside the barrel.
a. Land
b. Caliber
c. Gauge
d. Rifling
523. The unstable rotating motion of the bullet.
a. Yaw
b. Trajectory
c. Velocity
d. Gyroscopic action
524. A lead type bullet is usually fired from what particular firearm?
a. Rifle
b. Revolver
c. Pistol
d. Sub-machine gun
525. It refers to the helical grooves cut in the interior surface of the bore.
a. Rifling
b. Breaching
c. Ogive
d. Swaging
526. A primer with two vents or flash holes.
a. Bordan primer
b. Berdan primer
c. Boxer primer
d. Battery primer
527. Danao made firearms or homemade weapons are usually classified as:
a. Flare guns
b. Zip guns
c. Matchlock
d. Freakish device
528. The most reliable of all individual characteristics, when fired cartridges are concerned.
a. Extractor marks
b. Ejector marks
c. Chamber marks
d. Breech face marks
529. It literally means delay in discharge or the cartridges failure to explode on time.
a. Misfire
b. Hang fire
c. Ricochet
d. Key hole shot
530. A bullet fired from a firearm with an oversized or oily barrel or its lands have been worn down would produce what
kind of markings?
a. Slippage marks
b. Skid marks
c. Rifling marks
d. Shearing marks
531. Measuring device used to measure the velocity of projectiles.
a. Caliper
b. Chronograph
c. Test bullet
d. Bullet recovery box
532. Refers to the means of recognizing the characteristics of persons so as to differentiate him from others
a. Dactyloscopy
c. Identification
b. Personal
d. Comparison
533. Considered to be first scientific method of Identification in person done by measuring various bony structure of
the human body.
a. Portrait-Parle
b. Photography
c. Antropometry
d. Anthropometry
534. 547. The following are principles in personal Identification, except.
a. Law of individuality
c. Law of multiplicity of evidence
b. Law of infallibility d. Law of constancy
535. Which of the following personal Identification is not easy to change?
a. Hair b. Speech
c. Dress
d. personal pharapernalia
536. Considered to be one of the most infallible means of Identification.
a. DNA fingerprinting
b. Dactyloscopy
c. Fingerprint Identification
d. Photography
537. Identification of person can be done either by Comparison or by____?
a. Exclusion
b. Examination
c. Experimentation
d. Inclusion
538. The person credited for the discovery of the two main layers of the friction skin.
a. Alphonse Bertillion
b. Marcelo Malpighe
c. Herman Welcker
d. J.C.A. Mayer
539. The first Chinese Ruler who devised a seal carved from white jade containing the name and the thumb print of
the owner.
a. Tien Chi
b. Tein Chi
c. Tein Shi
d. Tien Shi
540. He is known to be the father of personal Identification having devised the first scientific method of personal
Identification.
a. John Dellinger
b. Cesare Lombroso
c. John F. W. Herschel
d. Alphonse Bertillion
541. He took prints of his own palm twice with the lapse of forty-one years just to prove that prints do not change,
except for some scratches due to old age.
a. Herman Welcker
b. Marcelo Malpighi
c. J.C.A. Mayer
d. Johnnes E. Purkenji
542. The person who used fingerprints in replacement for signature to avoid impersonation among Indian native.
a. William Herschel
b. Dr. Henry Faulds
c. Dr. Francis Galton
d. Sir Edward Henry
543. Is person considered to be the father of modern fingerprint. His system of classification was accepted in almost
all English speaking country.
a. Sir Edward Richard Henry
b. Juan Vucetich
c. Alphonse Bertillion
d. Dr. Hans Gross
544. Makes a publication of a report describing the ridges and pores of the hand and feet which was read before the
Royal Society of London.
a. Nehemiah Grew
b. G. Bidloo
c. Hintze
d. Albinus
545. A system of Identification best used in case of burned body.
a. Fingerprint
b. Skeletal Identification
c. Odontology
d. Photography

546. The following are characteristics of man which can easily be changed EXCEPT?
a. Hair Growth
b. Body Ornamentation
c. Speech
d. Clothing
547. The first conviction in the Philippine Case which gives recognition to the science of fingerprint?
a. People vs. Medina
b. US vs. Jennings
c. Miranda vs. Arizona
d. West Case
548. Anew Mexico Geologist who adopted the first individual use of fingerprints in August 8, 1882, by using his own
thumb mark as a protection to prevent tampering with the pay order he issued.
a. Sgt John Kenneth Ferrier
b. Gilbert Thompson
c. Capt James Parke
d. Dr. Henry P. De Fores
549. The Filipino who top the first comprehensive examination in fingerprint which was initiated by New York Police
Dept. and FBI.
a. Generoso Reyes
b. Isabela Bernales
c. Patricio Agustin
d. Marcelo Bonifacio
550. Father of fingerprint patterns who said that is there is possibility for two prints to be the same it is
1:63,000,000,000.
a. Francis Bacon
b. Francis Galton
c. J.C.A. Mayer
d. Herman Welker
551. The person who used the system of identification which was accepted by Spanish countries.
a. Juan Vucetich
b. Henry Faulds
c. Sir Edward Richard Henry
d. William Herschel
552. Is the law which states that the greater the number of the similarity or differences the more probability for the
conclusion to be correct.
a. Law of Infallability
b. Law of Multiplicity of evidence
c. Law of Permenancy
d. Law of Barcelinity
553. The word Dactyloscopy was derived from what word?
a. Greek word
b. French word
c. Latin word
d. English word
554. If screw driver is for mechanic. What is used by a photographer?
A. Filter
B. Camera
C. Firearm
D. Handcuff
555. Can exptert in Ballistics testify witout photograph or demonstration?.
a. Yes
b. Partly Yes
c. No
d. Partly No
556. Burned document or charred document is best examined by.
a. Infrared Photography
b. Ultraviolet Photography
c. Macro Photography
d. Micro Photography
557. The average age of menopausal period of women to take place.
a. 50 yrs old
b. 45 yrs old
c. 35 yrs old
d. 42 yrs old
558. Mustache and beard begin to appear in male at the age of.
a. 14-16
b. 13-15
c. 16 to 18
d. 12-14
559. Menstruation usually commences at the age of?
a. 14
b. 13
c. 16
d. 12
560. In a robbery case, close up photographs must be taken to show:
a. Entrance
b. Entrance and Exit
c. Exit
d. Either a or b
561. The development of breast in female commences at the age of.
a. 13 to 14
b. 12 to 13
c. 10-11
d. 11 to 12

562. In photography, when we say tripod, how many stands are there?
a. 2
b. 3.5
c. 4
d. 5

563. The first police surgeon or forensic pathologist who performed the autopsy of Julius Cesar.
a. Landsteinir
b. Zacchias
c. Antistus
d. Hippocrates
564. Used to see stains on clothes that are invisible to a normal light.
a. Ultra Violet Photography
b. Infra red photograhpy
c. Macro Photography
d. Micro photography
565. It is an adjustable mechanism that regulates the amount of light reaching the film by varying the length of time,
and it is considered as the door of the camera.
a. Shutter
b. lens
c. obscura
d. view finder
566. It covers the surface of the dermis with blunt peg-like formation.
a. dermis
b. Dermal papillae
c. papillae
d. dermal
567. The morphological constituents of human hair are cuticle, cortex and medulla, is the statement correct?
a. Partly Yes
b. Partly No
c. Yes
d. No
568. It is the sensitized material that has the primary function of recording the image that is focused upon it by the
lens of the camera.
E. Filter
F. Film
G. Firearm
H. Handcuff
569. Considered to be first scientific method of Identification in person done by measuring various bony structure of
the human body.
a. Portrait-Parle
b. Photography
c. Antropometry
d. Anthropometry
570. The person credited for the discovery of the two main layers of the friction skin.
a. Alphonse Bertillion
b. Marcelo Malpighe
c. Herman Welcker
d. J.C.A. Mayer

571. The first Chinese Ruler who devised a seal carved from white jade containing the name and the thumb print of
the owner.
a. Tien Chi
b. Tein Chi
c. Tein Shi
d. Tien Shi
572. He is known to be the father of personal Identification having devised the first scientific method of personal
Identification.
a. John Dellinger
b. Cesare Lombroso
c. John F. W. Herschel
d. Alphonse Bertillion
573. He took prints of his own palm twice with the lapse of forty-one years just to prove that prints do not change,
except for some scratches due to old age.
a. Herman Welcker
b. Marcelo Malpighi
c. J.C.A. Mayer
d. Johnnes E. Purkenji
574. The person who used fingerprints in replacement for signature to avoid impersonation among Indian native.
a. William Herschel
b. Dr. Henry Faulds
c. Dr. Francis Galton
d. Sir Edward Henry
575. He is considered to be the father of modern fingerprint. His system of classification was accepted in almost all
English speaking country.
a. Sir Edward Richard Henry
b. Juan Vucetich
c. Alphonse Bertillion
d. Dr. Hans Gross
576. Makes a publication of a report describing the ridges and pores of the hand and feet which was read before the
Royal Society of London.
a. Nehemiah Grew
b. G. Bidloo
c. Hintze
d. Albinus
577. A system of Identification best used in case of burned body.
a. Fingerprint
b. Skeletal Identification
c. Odontology
d. Photography
578. Anew Mexico Geologist who adopted the first individual use of fingerprints in August 8, 1882, by using his own
thumb mark as a protection to prevent tampering with the pay order he issued.
a. Sgt John Kenneth Ferrier
b. Gilbert Thompson
c. Capt James Parke
d. Dr. Henry P. De Fores
579. The Filipino who top the first comprehensive examination in fingerprint which was initiated by New York Police
Dept. and FBI.
a. Generoso Reyes
b. Isabela Bernales
c. Patricio Agustin
d. Marcelo Bonifacio
580. Father of fingerprint patterns who said that is there is possibility for two prints to be the same it is
1:63,000,000,000.
a. Francis Bacon
b. Francis Galton
c. J.C.A. Mayer
d. Herman Welker
581. The person who used the system of identification which was accepted by Spanish countries.
a. Juan Vucetich
b. Henry Faulds
c. Sir Edward Richard Henry
d. William Herschel
582. The word Dactyloscopy was derived from what word?
a. Greek word
b. French word
c. Latin word
d. English word
583. Is the science of fingerprint study, which deals with the interpretation of ones personality?
a. Dactyloscopy
b. Dactylomancy
c. Dactylography
d. Dactylo-analysis
584. Is an impression designed by the ridges on the inside of the last joint of the fingers and thumb on some smooth
surface with the aid of sweet or ink?
a. Dactyloscopy
b. Dactyloanalysis
c. Latent Print
d. Fingerprint
585. Which of the following serves the importance of Poroscopy?
a. For determination of whether the prints belong to a young or adult person.
b. For Identification of person
c. For determination of whether the prints was taken during the lifetime or after death of a person
d. B and C only
586. Is that parts of the friction skin which if damage will constitute a permanent scar.
a. Epidermis
b. Stratum corneum
c. Dermis
d. Stratum mucosum
587. He is considered as the Father of Poroscopy.
a. Francis Galton
b. Marcelo Malpighe
c. John Herschel
d. Edmond Locard

588. Is the scientific study of the tiny opening across the ridges.
a. Podoscopy
b. Poroscopy
c. Chiroscopy
d. Edgeoscopy
589. Up to what deep a cut or injury will constitute a permanent scar in a normal friction skin?
a. less than 1cm
b. less than 1 mm
c. more than 1cm
d. more than 1mm
590. Considered to be one of the most notorious criminal in U.S who attempt to destroy his friction skin with the use of
corrosive acid.
a. John Derenger
b. John Dillenger
c. Robert James Pitts
d. Robert Joworski
591. Are the strips of skin without coloring pigment and without hair found on the palm of the hand and soles of the
feet?
a. Epidermal skin
b. Papillary skin
c. Friction
d. All of the choices
592. Is the outer layer of the Epidermis layer which covers the skin?
a. Epidermis
b. Stratum corneum
c. Stratum Sangum
d. Stratum musocum
593. Is the scientific study of the prints of the palm of the hands?
a. Podoscopy
b. Chiroscopy
c. Poroscopy
d. Chairoscopy
594. Is that appears as tiny black line with white dots (called pores) in an inked finger impression?
a. sweat pores
b. furrows
c. ridges
d. sweat duct
595. What are the depressed portions or canal structure of the friction skin (found between ridges).
a. Pores
b. indentions
c. furrows
d. duct
596. What is the tiny openings on the skin from where sweat is excreted?
a. duct
b. furrows
c. pores
d. sweat glands
597. That part of the friction skin between the epidermis and dermis layer which responsible for the ridge formation
a. Generating layer
b. Dermal papillae
c. Sweat glands
d. Dermis Papillary
598. Is the principle in the study of fingerprint which states that fingerprint is a reliable and positive means of
Identification?
a. Principle of Individuality
b. Principle of Infallibility
c. Principle of Constancy
d. Principle of Permanency
599. What pattern type has the ridges that enter on one side of the pattern and flow to the other side with a rise or
wave in the center?
a. Loop
b. tented arch
c. plain arch
d. exceptional arch
600. In order for a pattern to be considered as loop it should have _______ridge count.
a. 1
b. 2
c. at least 1
d. 3
601. What type of a pattern possesses an angle, an uptrust, or two of the three basic characteristics of the loop?
a. Plain arch
b. central pocket loop
c. tented arch
d. accidental whorl
602. What is the type of a pattern in which the looping or slanting ridges flows towards the little finger?
a. loop
b. radial loop
c. ulnar loop
d. tented arc

603. A type of a pattern consisting of a core, delta, recurving ridge and a ridge count of at least one.
a. radial loop
b. ulnar loop
c. loop
d. tented arch
604. What type of a pattern consisting of two ore more deltas, one or more ridge forming a complete circuitry and
when an imaginary line is drawn from left delta to right delta it touches or cross the circuiting ridge/s considered
as the most common type of whorl.
a. plain whorl
b. central pocket loop whorl
c. double loop whorl
d. accidental whorl
605. In an accidental whorl type of pattern, what pattern is excluded in the combination?
a. ulnar loop
b. plain whorl
c. tented arch
d. plain arch
606. The core and delta are also termed as _____?
a. inner terminus
b. outer terminus
c. focal point
d. pattern area
607. A point on a ridge formation, in front or near the center of the diverging typelines.
a. Core
b. island ridge
c. delta
d. convergence
608. What is the rule where there are two or more possible bifurcation deltas which conform to the definition of delta?
a. the one nearest the core should be chosen
b. the one away from the core should be counted
c. the one which does not open towards the core is counted
d. the one towards the core should be counted
609. What is that spreading of two ridges that previously running side by side?
a. Bifurcation
b. convergence
c. divergence
d. enclosure
610. What kind of a ridge resembles a dot, fragment or a period?
a. Lake
b. ending ridge
c. island ridge
d. incipient ridge
611. What ridge divides itself into or more branches that meets to form the original figure?
a. bifurcation
b. island ridge
c. lake ridge
d. convergence
612. What type of a ridge is that which curves back to the direction from which it started?
a. diverging ridge
b. recurving ridge
c. converging ridge
d. bifurcation
613. Is a point along the recurving ridge in which the ridge curves inward?
a. sufficient recurve
b. appendage
c. obstruction ridge
d. shoulder of loop
614. Is a short horizontal ridge found inside a recurving ridge which has spoiled the inner line of flow from the inner
delta to the center of the pattern. This is also found in the second type of central pocket loop.
a. bar
b. appendage
c. uptrust
d. obstruction
615. Is the type of pattern in which the course is traced the line flow above the right delta and there are three
intervening ridges.
a. meeting whorl
b. outer whorl
c. inner whorl
d. central pocket loop whorl
616. A ridge that is so thin or fine compare to other regular ridge which is not included as a ridge count even if it has
been cross by the imaginary line.
a. ending ridge
b. incipient ridge
c. intervening ridge
d. enclosure
617. What is that ridge that divides into two ridges and which resembles a fork structure
a. divergence
b. convergence
c. bifurcation
d. enclosure
618. Ridge forms in the persons fingers and feet during its infants stage which usually starts:
a. 3rd to 4th months of the fetus life
b. 4th to 5th months of the fetus life
c. 5th to 6th months of the fetus life
d. 5th to 6th months before birth
619. Is the symbol used to represent a plain arch.
a. T
b. A
c. P
d. W

620. It is the process of counting the ridges which intervene between the delta and core of a loop?
a. ridge tracing
b. ridge counting
c. ridge tracking
d. ridge summing
621. Is an instrument used for the spreading of the fingerprint ink to the slab?
a. Fingerprint brush
b. Fingerprint lifting tapes
c. Fingerprint roller
d. fingerprint card
622. The fingerprint card used in recording the subject print has a size of:
a. 8 1/2 x 8
b. 8 x 8
c. 9 x 9
d. 8 x 10
623. The fingerprint card used in court exhibit the card has a size of:
a. 8 1/2 x 8
b. 8 x 8
c. 9 x 9
d. 8 x 10
624. Is a piece of plane glass or metal where the fingerprint ink is distributed for fingerprinting?
a. Card Holder
b. Fingerprint roller
c. Fingerprint transfer card
d. ink slab
625. A chemical compound used in conventional developing of latent prints being one of the best methods that can be
utilized by a fingerprint technician.
a. Fingerprint powder
b. Fingerprint Brush
c. Fingerprint Fuming Device
d. Inkless Inking Device
626. Is an instrument used for clipping the fingerprint card to avoid movement of the card during printing?
a. Card Holder
b. Forceps
c. Carrying Case
d. Fingerprint card clip
627. Is a card used in recording and preserving developed latent print?
a. Fingerprint lifting tapes
b. Fingerprint transfer card
c. Evidence Identification tags
d. Post-mortem fingerprint Equipment
628. Is the type of an impression made or printed on the card by individually rolling the ten fingers of the subject.
a. Latent Prints
b. Rolled Impression
c. Plain Impression
d. Molded Impression
629. Is the type of impression taken simultaneously and serves as a guide in checking the proper rolling of the finger
in the card?
a. Rolled Impression
b. Plain Impression
c. Contaminated with colored substance
d. Molded Prints

630. In taking prints of the subject the technician always instruct the subject to:
a. Stand straight
b. Cooperate
c. Relax
d. Help the technician rolling
631. One of the cardinal rule in taking of fingerprints of the subject is that fingers must be:
a. Healthy
b. Dry
c. Moisten
d. Oily
632. In taking prints of the subject what fingers are rolled away from the body of the subjects
a. Both thumbs
b. All eight fingers
c. All fingers including thumbs
d. All fingers except the thumbs
633. An instrument used to hold or secure fingerprint cards in taking fingerprint of a dead person
a. Card holder
b. Spatula
c. Strip holder
d. Forceps
634. When taking fingers for the purpose of taking rolled impression the fingers must be inked from______ to base of
the first joint.
a. a. Base
b. Tip
c. second joint
d. third joint
635. Occupational problems such as acid works, plasters, cement mixer usually causes weak friction skin and such is
known as:
a. Permanent Disabilities
b. Temporary Deformities
c. Permanent Destructions
d. Deformities
636. Is the term applied to a person whose fingers are more than the usual number in both hands?
a. Polyfinger
b. Deformities
c. Polydactyl
d. Bidactyl
637. Is the process of placing under each pattern the letter symbols as a result of the interpretation?
a. Checking
b. Identification
c. Classification
d. Blocking
638. Three blocks after finger number 4 is what finger.
a. left thumb
b. index finger
c. left index
d. left middle
639. It is the division in the fingerprint classification which is always represented by a numerical value depending upon
a whorl pattern appearing on each finger.
a. key division
b. major division
c. primary division
d. final division
640. In getting the Secondary Division of a given fingerprint from what finger does the Capital letter is derived.
a. thumb
b. index
c. little finger
d. middle finger
641. The purpose of adding 1/1 to the sum of the numerator and the denominator in the primary division is ____.
a. so that there will be an equal value
b. to complete the primary div.
c. to have a complete 32 numerical value
d. for formality
642. What patterns are included in the small letter classification under the secondary division.
a. Radial loop, plain arch and Tented arch
b. Rdial loop, Unar loop and Arch
c. Radial loop, Plain Arch and Ulnar loop
d. Radial Loop, Arch, and Tented Arch

643. In ridge counting a loop on the middle finger what is the classification of 14 ridge count.
a. Inner Loop
b. Outer Loop
c. Medium
d. Small
644. What patterns are almost always represented by a dash in the classification formula except in the secondary
division.
a. Ulnar loop and Plain Arch
b. Whorl and Arch
c. Plain and Tented Arch
d. Ulnar and Whorl
645. It is a type of a whorl pattern in which when the tracing ridge flows below the right delta and there are five
intervening ridges.
a. Outer Whorl
b. Meeting Whorl
c. Inner Whorl
d. Accidental Whorl
646. In the course of tracing a whorl pattern, once the tracing splits into two branches the tracing will proceed on the:
a. next ridge counting below the bifurcation ridge
b. upper line of the bifurcation
c. Lower limb
d. next ridge just below
647. It refers to the number of ridges that appears between the tracing ridge and the right delta of a whorl pattern.
a. Ridge Count
b. Intervening Ridge
c. Incipient ridge
d. Ridge tracing
648. A Loop with ridge count of 16 in the right is interpreted as ____, if the left thumb has 17 ridge count.
a. Small
b. Medium
c. Large
d. Exceptional
649. A ridge count of 17 in the left thumb is interpreted as ____ when the right thumb reaches 17.
a. Small
b. Large
c. Medium
d. Exceptional
650. What do you call a loop in the left thumb having a ridge count of 17 or more.
a. Small
b. Medium
c. Large
d. Exceptional
651. What division in the fingerprint classification is derived by ridge counting a loop and tracing a whorl on the thumb.
a. Key Division
b. Final Division
c. Major Division
d. Secondary Division
652. What division in the classification is place at extreme right of the fingerprint card represented by a numerical
value.
a. key
b. final
c. Major
d. Primary
653. Final Division is derived by getting the ridge count of a loop or a whorl appearing on the;
a. Little Finger
b. Thumb Finger
c. Index Finger
d. Middle Finger
654. The key Division is derived by getting the ridge count of the
a. ulnar Loop
b. Radial Loop
c. First Loop
d. First Radial Loop
655. What Fingers are not included in looking for a loop in the key division?
a. Both Index
b. Both little
c. Both thumb
d. Both middle
656. In the case of a missing one digit in the fingerprint card of a subject, said missing finger will be interpreted as.
a. Amputated finger
b. Same as the corresponding digit of the other hand
c. Meeting whorl
d. Outer loop
657. If in case that there were no loop on all fingers, how will the key be obtained.
a. Ridge count of the first plain whorl
b. Ridge count of the first whorl
c. No key division to derived
d. Just indicate Dash
658. In the event that same fingers of both hand is missing what will be the pattern interpretation of the two missing
fingers.
a. Plain Whorl
b. Plain Whorl With Meeting Tracing
c. Dash
d. Same as the pattern of the next fingers

659. It is the term applied to cases of missing or cut finger?


a. Mutilated finger
b. Amputated finger
c. Fragmentary finger
d. Deformities
660. What will be the primary Division if all fingers are amputated.
a. 1/1
b. 31/31
c. 32/32
d. 16/16
661. What division will be left blank in the classification formula if all fingers are missing?
a. Major and Final Division
b. Key and Major Division
c. Major and sub-secondary
d. key and final Division
662. Menstruation usually commences at the age of?
a. 14
b. 13
c. 16
d. 12
663. What type of a pattern possesses an angle, an uptrust, or two of the three basic characteristics of the loop?
a. Plain arch
b. tented arch
c. central pocket loop
d. accidental whorl
664. Is the process of counting the ridges which intervene between the delta and core of a loop?
a. ridge tracing
b. ridge counting
c. ridge tracking
d. ridge summing
665. In assigning the numerical value of whorl pattern, what finger should be given a value of 4 when a whorl pattern
appears therein:
a. left little finger and right thumb
b. right thumb and left little finger
c. right little finger and left thumb
d. left thumb and right
666. If all the fingers in the right hand are whorls and all the fingers of the left hand are loops, what will be the primary
division?
a. 25/29
c. 24/28
b. 29/25
d. 28/24
667. What would be the secondary division if all the fingers at right hand are plain arches while all the left hand fingers
are tented arches?

a. aA3a/tT3T
c. A2a/tT2t
b. aT3a/aA3t
d. tT3t/aA3a
668. What division in the formula classification is left blank if all fingers are amputated?
a. Major and key
b. key and final
c. Key and primary
d. final and major
669. The word Photography was coined by _____?
a. John F. W. Herschel
b. Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre
c. Henry Fox Talbot
d. Leonardo Da Venci

670. Which of the following are NOT considered as the primary colors, EXCEPT.
a. yellow
b. Blue
c. Green
d. Red
671. The act of attempting to interpret the character or personality of an individual from his handwriting.
a. paleography
b. collation
c. graphology
d. cacography
672. In Q.D it is the term used by some document examiners and attorneys to characterize known material.
a. exemplar
b. evidence
c. questioned
d. disputed
673. In Q.D it is the term used when a person having the ability to write with both left and right.
a. cacography
b. calligraphy
c. calcography
d. ambidextrous
674. Which of the following are NOT considered as the secondary colors, EXCEPT.
a. yellow
b. Blue
c. Green
d. Red
675. An interruption in a stroke caused by removing the writing instrument from the paper is called..
a. pen emphasis
b. pen pressure
c. pen jump
d. pen lift
676. The term document came from latin word documentum, which means.
a. write
b. to teach
c. lesson
d. paper

677. It is the extra deposit of ink in the initial and terminal stroke due to the slow withdrawal of the pen from the
paper ( usually applicable to the fountain pen). a. whirl
b. knob
c. sour
d. loop

678. The portrait printed in the 20 peso-bill is


a. Manuel Quezon
b. Emilio Aguinaldo
c. Segio Osmena
d. Apolinario Mabini

679. The only security features that the BSP was portrait in the new 500 and 1,000 peso bill is.
a. optically variable ink
b. optical device
c. optical ink
d. optically variable device

680. It is Embossed 1000 denominated value at the lower right corner of the face of the note changes color from
green to blue when viewed at different angles
a. optically variable ink
b. optical device
c. optical ink
d. optically variable device
681. What changes of color of the parrot in 500 peso bill and the clam in 1000 peso when the note is rotated at 90
degrees?
a. blue to green
b. green to blue
c. red to green
d. green to red
682. The new banknote of the BSP is made of what kind of paper.
a. abaca-cotton
b. plastic-polymer
c. abaca
d. cotton
683. The portrait printed in the 200 peso-bill is
a. Diosdado P Macapagal
b. Emilio Aguinaldo
c. Segio Osmena
d. Apolinario Mabini
684. How many security features are there in the new 500 peso bill?
a. 8
b. 9
c. 7
d. 6
685. How many security features are there in the new 1000 peso bill?
a. 8
b. 9
c. 7
d. 6
686. The equipment is Forensic Ballistics that measures the pitch of rifling is:
a. Chronograph
b. Helixometer
c. Micrometer
d. Taper gauge
687. A magnified photograph of a small object produced by connecting a camera with the ocular of a compound
microscope is:
a. Photomacrograph
b. Microphotograph
c. Photomicrograph
d. Photography
688. A center-fire cartridge case whose rim diameter is smaller than the diameter of the body of the case:
a. Rimmed cartridge
b. Rebated cartridge
c. Tapered cartridge
d. Rimless cartridge
689. . If a bullet is fired through a weapon in which the lands have been worn down or through a bore is slightly oversize
or oily, the marks are called:
a. Skid marks
b. Slippage marks
c. Rifling marks
d. Shearing marks
690. When two specimens are compared under the comparison microscope at the same direction, the same level, the
same magnification and the same image, they are called:
a. Positively match
b. Pseudo match
c. Juxtaposition
d. Drag marks
691. In the United States, crimes are committed by juveniles using home-made weapons generally referred to as:
a. Freakish device
b. Zip guns
c. Matchlock
d. Flare guns
692. A copper jacketed fired bullet is usually fired from:
a. Revolver
b. Pistol
c. Rifle
d. Pistol & Revolver
693. . A 12 gauge shotgun has an equivalent diameter of:
a. 730
b. 728
c. 729
d. 724
694. A complete unfired unit ammunition is inserted into the chamber of firearm for firing is referred to as:
a. Bullet
b. Shell
c. Primer
d. Cartridge
695. Rifling located inside the barrel of a gun is a combination of:
a. Pitch
b. Twist
c. Lands & grooves
d. Cannelures
696. Class characteristics are determinable even:
a. During
b. After
c. Before
d. Never the manufactures of the firearm
697. The caliber is determined with the aid of:
a. Combined microscope
b. Micrometer
c. Macrometer
d. Manufacturer of the firearm
698. An investigator who recovered a fired bullet from the crime scene will request the ballistician to determine:
a. Owner of the firearm
b. Model of the firearm
c. Caliber and types of the firearm
d. Manufacture
699. . That science which deals with the motion of the projectiles at the time it leaves the muzzle of the gun to the time
it hits the target is known as:
a. Terminal ballistics
b. Interior ballistics
c. Exterior ballistics
d. Forensic ballistics
700. That science dealing with the effect of the impact of the projectile on target is called:
a. Exterior ballistics
b. Interior ballistics
c. Anterior ballistics
d. Terminal ballistics
701. The Bible (Genesis 1:3-5) God created the earth and there should be light and darkness which is daylight and
night. Among these, what is the basic component of photography?
A. All of these
B. Film
C. Camera
D. Light
702. In pubic hair, what is the best examination to be conducted in the crime laboratory?
A. DNA
B. Microscope examination
C. Chemical examination
D. Serology examination
703. The inventor of gunpowder is credited to:
a. James Forsythe
b. Philip O. Gravelle
c. Van Amberg
d. Berthold Scwartz
704. What color will produced if r RED and BLUE colors are combined each other?
a. magenta
c. yellow
b. cyan
d. Green