Anda di halaman 1dari 44

ASIAN BAROMETER SURVEY OF DEMOCRACY, GOVERNANCE AND DEVELOPMENT

Note: (NEW): Added item (in ABS4) (REVISED) Revised item (in ABS4)GBS: Global Barometer Module
Interview No. ___________
INTRODUCTION: Good morning/afternoon/evening. I am ___ from [name of institution]. We are conducting a public opinion survey in your area today. We are
doing research on the views of citizens in [country] about how the country is governed and how the economy is managed. Every person over the age of 18 in our
country has an equal chance of being included in this study. Your household has been chosen by chance. We would like you to answer questions about your
personal views. The interview will take about 60 minutes. We will not record your name or any identifying information about you on the questionnaire. So no one
will know who gave which answers to our questions. There is no risk to you in participating in the survey. There is also no benefit to you in participating in the
survey. But if you answer our questions, you will help us understand how the public feels about issues facing the country today. Your participation in the survey is
voluntary. If there are any questions you don't want to answer you don't have to answer them. And you can stop participating in the survey at any time. If you
have any questions about the survey in the future, here is a card with the phone number of a person whom you can call at our organization's headquarters. He/she
can answer any questions that you might have. Your assistance will be very much appreciated. Are you willing to start answering our questions?

A. ECONOMIC EVALUATIONS

1. How would you rate the overall economic condition of our country Very good .............................................................. 1
today? Is it (SHOWCARD)?GBS Good ..................................................................... 2
So so (not good nor bad) ...................................... 3
Bad ........................................................................ 4
Very bad ................................................................ 5
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

2. How would you describe the change in the economic condition of Much better ........................................................... 1
our country over the last few years? Is it (SHOWCARD)?GBS A little better .......................................................... 2
About the same ..................................................... 3
A little worse .......................................................... 4
Much worse ........................................................... 5
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

3. What do you think will be the state of our countrys economic Much better ........................................................... 1
condition a few years from now? Will it be (SHOWCARD)? A little better .......................................................... 2
GBS About the same ..................................................... 3
A little worse .......................................................... 4
Much worse ........................................................... 5
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

4. As for your own family, how do you rate the economic situation of Very good .............................................................. 1
your family today? Is it (SHOWCARD)?GBS Good ..................................................................... 2
So so (not good nor bad) .................................... 3
Bad ........................................................................ 4
Very bad ................................................................ 5
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

5. How would you compare the current economic condition of your Much better now.................................................... 1
family with what it was a few years ago? Is it (SHOWCARD)? A little better now .................................................. 2
GBS About the same ..................................................... 3
A little worse now .................................................. 4
Much worse now ................................................... 5
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

6. What do you think the economic situation of your family will be a Much better ........................................................... 1
few years from now? Will it be (SHOWCARD)?GBS A little better .......................................................... 2
About the same ..................................................... 3
A little worse .......................................................... 4
Much worse ........................................................... 5
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9
1
B. TRUST IN INSTITUTIONS

7-19 Im going to name a number of institutions. For each one, please tell me how much trust do you have in them? Is it a great deal of trust,
quite a lot of trust, not very much trust not very much trust, or none at all? (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant
choose & Decline to answer)

(SHOWCARD) A Great Quite a Not Very None Do not Cant Decline


Deal Lot of Much At All understand choose to
of Trust Trust Trust the answer
question

The president (for presidential system) 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


7.
or Prime Minister (for parliamentary system)
GBS

8. The courtsGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

9. The national government [in capital city] 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


GBS

10. Political parties [not any specific party]GBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

11. ParliamentGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

12. Civil serviceGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

13. The military(or armed forces)GBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

14. The policeGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

15. Local governmentGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

16. NewspapersGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

17. TelevisionGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

18. The election commission [specify institution 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


by name] <Optional>
19. Non-governmental organizations or NGOs 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
<Optional>

2
C. SOCIAL CAPITAL

20-22. On the following card, we have listed various types of organizations that many people belong to. Could you identity the three most important
organizations or formal groups you belong to. You can also tell us the name the organizations that you belong to and we can identify the
appropriate categories for you.

20. First Organization: ___________________________ Code:___ (01~19)


21. Second Organization: ___________________________ Code:___ (01~19)
22. Third Organization: ___________________________ Code:___ (01~19)
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Political parties ......................................................................................................................... 01
Residential & community associations ..................................................................................... 02
Religious groups....................................................................................................................... 03
Sports/ recreational clubs ......................................................................................................... 04
Culture organizations ............................................................................................................... 05
Charities ................................................................................................................................... 06
Public interest groups ............................................................................................................... 07
Labor unions............................................................................................................................. 08
Farmer unions or agricultural associations............................................................................... 09
Professional organizations ....................................................................................................... 10
Business associations .............................................................................................................. 11
Parent-Teacher Associations or PTA ....................................................................................... 12
Producer cooperatives ............................................................................................................. 13
Consumer cooperatives ........................................................................................................... 14
Alumni associations.................................................................................................................. 15
Candidate support organizations.............................................................................................. 16
Other occupational organizations (etc.).................................................................................... 17
Other volunteer organizations .................................................................................................. 18
Student Associations (NEW ) ................................................................................................... 19
Not a member of any organization or group ............................................................................. 90
Decline to answer ..................................................................................................................... 99

23. General speaking, would you say that Most Most people can be trusted ................................................................................1
people can be trusted or that you must be You must be very careful in dealing with people ................................................2
very careful in dealing with people?GBS [Do not read] Do not understand the question .................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................9

24. General Speaking, would you say you strongly Strongly Agree ...................................................................................................1
agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, Somewhat Agree ...............................................................................................2
or strongly disagree with the statement that Somewhat disagree .........................................................................................3
most people are trustworthy? (REVISED) Strongly disagree ...............................................................................................4
[Moved from Q49 in ABS3] [Do not read] Do not understand the question .................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................9

25. Do you think most people would try to take Most people would try to take advantage of you if they got a chance ...............1
advantage of you if they got a chance, or Most people would try to be fair .........................................................................2
would they try to be fair? (REVISED) [Do not read] Do not understand the question .................................................7
(OPTIONAL) [Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................9

3
26-28. How much trust do you have in each of the following types of people? (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose &
Decline to answer)

(SHOWCARD) A great Quite a Not very None at Do not Cant Decline


deal lot of much all understand choose to answer
of Trust Trust Trust the
question
26. Your relativesGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
27. Your neighborsGBS 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
28. Other people you interact with 8
GBS
1 2 3 4 7 9

29. On average, about how many people do you have contact with in a 0-4 people ............................................................. 1
typical week day? We are interested in contact on a one-on-one 5-9 people ............................................................. 2
basis, including everyone with whom you chat, talk, or discuss 10-19 people ....................................................... 3
matters. This can be face to face, by telephone, by mail, or on the 20-49 people ......................................................... 4
internet. Please include only people you know. 50 or more people ............................................... 5
[Do not read] Not applicable ................................ 0
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

30. If you have a difficult problem to manage, are there people outside No, nobody ............................................................ 1
your household you can ask for help? Yes, a few ............................................................. 2
Yes, some ........................................................... 3
Yes, a lot ............................................................... 4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question..... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

31. When people outside your household have problems, do they come No, nobody ............................................................ 1
to you for help? Yes, a few ............................................................. 2
Yes, some ........................................................... 3
Yes, a lot ............................................................... 4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question..... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

32. If you had friends or co-workers whose opinions on politics differed Very hard. ............................................................. 1
from yours, would you have a hard time conversing with them? A bit hard. .............................................................. 2
[Note: If the respondent indicates that he/she does not have any Not too hard .......................................................... 3
friends or co-workers holding differing views, then explain: Not hard at all ........................................................ 4
Even if the person listed does not actually exist, please answer [Do not read] Do not understand the question..... 7
how you imagine you would feel.] [Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Dont respond ................................ 9

4
D. PARTICIPATION IN ELECTIONS

33. In talking to people about elections, we often find that a lot of people Yes ...................................................................... 1
were not able to vote because they were away from home, they were No ....................................................................... 2
sick or they just didnt have time. How about you? Did you vote in the [Do not read] Not applicable ................................ 0
election [the most recent national election, parliamentary or [Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
presidential] held in [year]?GBS [Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

34. Which parties (or candidates for president if it was presidential race) did you vote for? [country-specific response grid] GBS

____________________________________________________________________
[DO NOT READ. Instruction: In a parliamentary election, if the respondent cannot associate the candidate he or she voted for with a particular party,
the interviewer should take note and fill in the party for the respondent later.

34a. [DO NOT READ. Instruction: Based on the answer to Q34, please construct a new variable indicating if the respondent voted for the winning
camp or losing camp. 1: Voted for the winning camp; 2: voted for the losing camp; 0: not applicable]

35-37. Thinking about the national election in [year], did you

35. attend a campaign meeting or rally?GBS Yes ........................................................................ 1


No ......................................................................... 2
[Do not read] Not applicable ................................ 0
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

36. try to persuade others to vote for a certain candidate or party?GBS Yes ........................................................................ 1
No ......................................................................... 2
[Do not read] Not applicable ................................ 0
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

37. Did you do anything else to help out or work for a party or candidate Yes ........................................................................ 1
running in the election? No ......................................................................... 2
[Do not read] Not applicable ................................ 0
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

38. On the whole, how free and fair would you say the last national election Completely free and fair ........................................ 1
was? GBS Free and fair, but with minor problems.................. 2
Free and fair, with major problems........................ 3
Not free or fair ....................................................... 4
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

5
E. ACCESS TO PUBLIC SERVICE

39-42. Based on your experience, how easy or difficult is it to obtain the following services? Or have you never tried to get these services from
government? (Do not read: Cant choose & Decline to answer)
Very Never Cant Decline
Very Easy Easy Difficult Difficult Tried choose to answer
39. An identity document (such as a birth certificate or passport)GBS 4 3 2 1 5 8 9

40. A place in a public primary school for a childGBS 4 3 2 1 5 8 9


41. Medical treatment at a nearby clinicGBS 4 3 2 1 5 8 9
42. Help from the police when you need itGBS 4 3 2 1 5 8 9

43. Generally speaking, how safe is living in this city/ town/ village very Very safe ............................................................... 1
safe, safe, unsafe or very unsafe? Safe ....................................................................... 2
Unsafe ................................................................... 3
Very unsafe ........................................................... 4
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

F. PSYCHOLOGICAL INVOLVEMENT

44. How interested would you say you are in politics? Very interested ...................................................... 1
(SHOWCARD)GBS Somewhat interested ............................................ 2
Not very interested ................................................ 3
Not at all interested ............................................... 4
[Do not read]Cant choose ................................... 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

45. How often do you follow news about politics and government? Everyday ............................................................... 1
(SHOWCARD) GBS Several times a week ............................................ 2
Once or twice a week ............................................ 3
Not even once a week........................................... 4
Practically never .................................................... 5
[Do not read]Cant choose ................................... 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

46. When you get together with your family members or friends, how often Frequently ............................................................. 1
do you discuss political matters?GBS Occasionally.......................................................... 2
Never .................................................................... 3
[Do not read]Cant choose................................... 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

6
G. Internet and Social Media

47. Do you have Internet access at home? (NEW) Yes ..................................................................... .1


No ....................................................................... .2
[Do not read]Cant choose ................................ .8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ......................... .9

48. Do you have Internet access on a mobile phone? (NEW) I do not have a cell phone. ............................... .0
Yes ..................................................................... .1
No ....................................................................... .2
[Do not read]Cant choose ................................ .8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ......................... .9

49. How often do you use the internet? (REVISED: Scale Several hours a day ............................................ .1
Changed) About half an hour to an hour a day ................... .2
Skip to Q53 if Hardly ever or Never is chosen. At least once a day. ............................................ .3
At least once a week .......................................... .4
At least once a month ......................................... .5
A few times a year .............................................. .6
Hardly ever ......................................................... .7
Never .................................................................. .8
[Do not read]Cant choose ................................ .9
[Do not read]Decline to answer ......................... .0

50. Do you currently use any of the following social media Yes ..................................................................... .1
networks? (provide the three most popular examples in a given No ....................................................................... .2
country context) (NEW) [Do not read]Cant choose ................................ .8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ......................... .9

51. How often do you use the Internet including social media Everyday ............................................................... 1
networks to find information about politics and government? Several times a week............................................ 2
(provide the three most popular examples in a given country Once or twice a week ........................................... 3
context) (NEW) A few times a month ............................................. 4
A few times a year ................................................ 5
Practically never ................................................... 6
[Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

52. How often do you use the Internet including social media Everyday ...............................................................1
networks to express your opinion about politics and Several times a week ............................................2
government? (NEW) Once or twice a week ............................................3
A few times a month ..............................................4
A few times a year .................................................5
Practically never ....................................................6
[Do not read]Cant choose ...................................8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ...........................9

7
H. PARTISANSHIP

53. Among the political parties listed here, which party if Party A ................................................................ 01
any do you feel closest to? GBS Party B ................................................................ 02
(ONE ANSWER ONLY& SHOWCARD) Party C ............................................................... 03
etc. ..................................................................... 04
[Use two-digit code to cover all major parties in your country.] Dont feel close to any political party .................. 99
GO TO INTRO OF Q55

54. How close do you feel to (answer in Q53)? Is it very Very close ........................................................... 1
close, somewhat close, or just a little close? GBS Somewhat close ................................................. 2
Just a little close ................................................. 3
[Do not read] Cant choose ............................... 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer.......................... 9

I. TRADITIONALISM

55-68. Please tell me how you feel about the following statements. Would you say you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree,
or strongly disagree? (SHOWCARD) (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

SA SWA SWD SD DU CC DA
55. For the sake of the family, the individual should put his personal interests 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
second.

56. In a group, we should sacrifice our individual interest for the sake of the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
groups collective interest.

57. For the sake of national interest, individual interest could be sacrificed. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

58. When dealing with others, developing a long-term relationship is more 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


important than securing ones immediate interest.

59. When dealing with others, one should not only focus on immediate interest 1 2 3 4 9
7 8
but also plan for future.
60. Even if parents demands are unreasonable, children still should do what 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
they ask.

61. When a mother-in-law and a daughter-in-law come into conflict, even if the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
mother-in-law is in the wrong, the husband should still persuade his wife to
obey his mother.

62. Being a student, one should not question the authority of their teacher. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

63. In a group, we should avoid open quarrel to preserve the harmony of the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
group.

64. Even if there is some disagreement with others, one should avoid the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
conflict.

65. A person should not insist on his own opinion if his co-workers disagree with 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
him.

66. Wealth and poverty, success and failure are all determined by fate. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

67. If one could have only one child, it is more preferable to have a boy than a 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
girl.

68. When dealing with others, one should not be preoccupied with temporary 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
gains and losses.

8
J. POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

69-73. In the past three (3) years, have you never, once, or more than once done the following because of personal, family, or neighborhood
problems, or problems with government officials and policies? (REVISED) (Do not read: Cant choose & Decline to answer)

69. Contacted elected I have done this more than once .......................... 1
officials or legislative I have done this once ............................................ 2
representatives at any I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
level.(REVISED)GBS I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
(SHOWCARD)) [Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

70. Contacted officials at I have done this more than once .......................... 1
higher level. <Optional> I have done this once ............................................ 2
GBS(SHOWCARD) I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
(REVISED) I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
[Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

71. Contacted traditional I have done this more than once .......................... 1
leaders/community I have done this once ............................................ 2
leaders. <Optional> I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
(REVISED) GBS I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
(SHOWCARD) [Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

72. Contacted other I have done this more than once .......................... 1
influential people outside I have done this once ............................................ 2
the government. I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
(REVISED) I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
(SHOWCARD) [Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

73. Contacted news media. I have done this more than once .......................... 1
(REVISED)GBS I have done this once ............................................ 2
(SHOWCARD) I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
[Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

9
74-77. Here is a list of actions that people sometimes take as citizens. For each of these, please tell me whether you, personally, have never,
once, or more than once done any of these things during the past three years. (Do not read: Cant choose & Decline to answer)

74. Got together with others I have done this more than once .......................... 1
to try to resolve local I have done this once ............................................ 2
problems GBS I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
(REVISED) I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
(SHOWCARD) [Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

75. Got together with others I have done this more than once .......................... 1
to raise an issue or sign a I have done this once ............................................ 2
petition GBS I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
(REVISED) I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
(SHOWCARD) [Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

76. Attended a demonstration I have done this more than once .......................... 1
or protest march GBS I have done this once ............................................ 2
(REVISED) I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
(SHOWCARD) I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
[Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

77. Used force or violence for I have done this more than once .......................... 1
a political cause GBS I have done this once ............................................ 2
(REVISED) I have not done this, but I might do it if something important happens in the future3
(SHOWCARD) I have not done this and I would not do it regardless of the situation.4
[Do not read]Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer ........................... 9

78. Thinking of whether you voted or not ever since you became eligible Voted in every election............................................. ..1
for voting, how would you describe yourself have you voted in every Voted in most elections ............................................ ..2
election, voted in most elections, voted in some elections or hardly Voted in some elections ........................................... ..3
ever voted? (SHOWCARD) Hardly ever voted ..................................................... ..4
[Do not read] Not applicable (eligible only once) .... ..0
[Do not read] Cant choose..................................... ..8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ............................. ..9

10
K. REGIME PREFERENCE

79-82. Lets talk for a moment about the kind of government you would like to have in this country, which of the followings statements do you agree
with most? Choose the first or the second statement. [Interviewer: Probe whether respondent strongly agrees or just agrees the chosen statement]
(SHOWCARD) (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

79. Statement 1. Government leaders implement what voters want. GBS


Statement 2. Government leaders do what they think is best for the people.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)
79a. Do you strongly agree or just agree with the chosen statement?
1. Strongly agree 2. Agree

80. Statement 1. Government is our employee, the people should tell government what needs to be done. GBS
Statement 2. The government is like parent, it should decide what is good for us.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)
80a. Do you strongly agree or just agree with the chosen statement?
1. Strongly agree 2. Agree

81. Statement 1. The media should have the right to publish news and ideas without government control. GBS
Statement 2. The government should have the right to prevent the media from publishing things that might be politically destabilizing.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)
81a. Do you strongly agree or just agree with the chosen statement?
1. Strongly agree 2. Agree

82. Statement 1. Political leaders are chosen by the people through open and competitive elections.
Statement 2. Political leaders are chosen on the basis on their virtue and capability even without election.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)
82a. Do you strongly agree or just agree with the chosen statement?
1. Strongly agree 2. Agree

83-86. Now I'd like to ask you about the kind of government that we have in our country. These questions are not about the current leaders,
but about our overall system, the way the government is set up in general, even though leaders might come and go. (This way of setting
up the battery is designed to direct respondents' attention to the regime instead of the incumbents.) Agree or disagree.

SA A D SD DU CC DA
83. Over the long run, our system of government is capable of solving the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
problems our country faces.

84. Thinking in general, I am proud of our system of government. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

85. A system like ours, even if it runs into problems, deserves the people's 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
support.

86. I would rather live under our system of government than any other that 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
I can think of.

87. Compared with other systems in the world, would you say our system of government works fine as it is, needs minor change, needs
major change, or should be replaced?

It works fine, not need to change ......................................................................................................................... 1


Needs minor change............................................................................................................................................ 2
Needs major change............................................................................................................................................ 3
Should be replaced ............................................................................................................................................ 4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ................................................................................................... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................................................................................................................ 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ......................................................................................................................... 9

11
L. MEANING OF DEMOCRACYGBS used the original design

88-91. Many things may be desirable, but not all of them are essential characteristics of democracy. If you have to choose only one from each
four sets of statements that I am going to read, which one would you choose as the most essential characteristics of a democracy? (Please
read out options 1 to 4) (SHOWCARD) (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

88.
1. 1. Government narrows the gap between the rich and the poor. GBS
2. 2. People choose the government leaders in free and fair election.
3. 3. Government does not waste any public money.
4. 4. People are free to express their political views openly.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)
89.
1. The legislature has oversight over the government. GBS
2. Basic necessities, like food, clothes and shelter, are provided for all.
3. People are free to organize political groups.
4. Government provides people with quality public services.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)
90.
1. Government ensures law and order. GBS
2. Media is free to criticize the things government does.
3. Government ensures job opportunities for all.
4. Multiple parties compete fairly in the election.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)
91.
1. People have the freedom to take part in protests and demonstrations. GBS
2. Politics is clean and free of corruption.
3. The court protects the ordinary people from the abuse of government power.
4. People receive state aid if they are unemployed.
(Code 7: Do not understand the question, Code 8: Cant choose, Code 9: Decline to answer)

M. SATISFACTION WITH GOVERNMENT AND DEMOCRACY

92. On the whole, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the way Very satisfied ........................................................... 1
democracy works in [Country]. Are you ? (SHOWCARD)GBS Fairly satisfied .......................................................... 2
Not very satisfied ..................................................... 3
Not at all satisfied .................................................... 4
[Do not read]Cant choose ..................................... 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer .............................. 9

93. In your opinion how much of a democracy is [Country Name] ? A full democracy ...................................................... 1
(Read out options. Only one option to be chosen.) GBS A democracy, but with minor problems.................... 2
A democracy, with major problems.......................... 3
Not a democracy...................................................... 4
[Do not read]Dont understand question ................ 7
[Do not read]Cant choose ..................................... 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer .............................. 9

12
94-97. Here is a scale: 1 means completely undemocratic and 10 means completely democratic. (SHOWCARD)
(Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Do not understand the question=97


Cant choose=98
Decline to answer=99

94. Where would you place our country under the present government? GBS

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

95. Where would you place our country ten years ago? GBS

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

96. Where would you expect our country to be ten years from now? GBS(REVISED)

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

97. Here is a similar scale of 1 to 10 measuring the extent to which people think democracy is suitable for our country. If 1 means
that democracy is completely unsuitable for [name of country] today and 10 means that it is completely suitable, where would
you place our country today?

Democracy Democracy
is completely is perfectly
unsuitable suitable

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

98. How satisfied or dissatisfied are you with the [name of Very satisfied ......................................................... 1
president, etc. ruling current] government? Are you ? Somewhat satisfied ............................................... 2
(SHOWCARD) GBS Somewhat dissatisfied ........................................... 3
Very dissatisfied .................................................... 4
[Do not read]Cant choose ................................... 8
[Do not read]Decline to answer............................ 9

13
N. MOST IMPORTANT PROBLEMS

99. In your opinion, what are the most important problems facing this country that government should address? [Do not read options. Code
from responses. Accept up to one answer [Country team could collect more than one answer and add extra response categories to fit the
local context.] (REVISED. Add the second and third as optional) [Record Verbatim Answers and Then Use the Codes Below]
99. First Response: ____________________________ GBS
99a. Second Response: _________________________ GBS<Optional>
99b. Third Response: ____________________________ GBS<Optional>
Economics
Management of the economy 1
Wages, incomes and salaries 2
Unemployment 3
Poverty/destitution 4
Rates and Taxes 5
Loans / credit 6
Food / Agriculture
Farming/agriculture 7
Food shortage/famine 8
Drought 9
Land 10
Infrastructure
Transportation 11
Communications 12
Infrastructure / roads 13
Government Services
Education 14
Housing 15
Electricity 16
Water supply 17
Orphans/street children/homeless children 18
Services (other) 19
Health
Health 20
AIDS 21
Sickness / Disease 22
Governance
Crime and Security 23
Corruption 24
Political violence 25
Political instability/political divisions/ ethnic tensions 26
Discrimination/ inequality 27
Gender issues/womens rights 28
Democracy/political rights 29
War (international) 30
Civil war 31
Nothing/ no problems 0
Cant choose 998
Other, Specify_____________________________________________ (Post Code)

100. How likely is it that the government will solve the most important Very likely .............................................................1
problem you identified within the next five years? GBS[Read out Likely .....................................................................2
options] Not very likely .......................................................3
Not at all likely .......................................................4
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ..........................9

14
O. QUALITY OF GOVERNANCE

101- Now I am going to read to you a list of statements that describe how people often feel about the state of affairs in [country name]. Please
109. tell me whether you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or strongly disagree with each of these statements. (Do
not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer ) (SHOWCARD)

SA SWA SWD SD DU CC DA
101. People have the power to change a government they dont 7 8 9
1 2 3 4
like.
102. Political parties or candidates in our country have equal 7 8 9
1 2 3 4
access to the mass media during the election period.

103. Between elections, the people have no way of holding the 7 8 9


1 2 3 4
government responsible for its actions.

104. When government leaders break the laws, there is nothing


the court can do. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

105. All citizens from different ethnic communities in [Country X] 7 8 9


1 2 3 4
are treated equally by the government.

106. Rich and poor people are treated equally by the government. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

107. People have basic necessities like food, clothes, and shelter. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

108. People are free to speak what they think without fear. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

109. People can join any organization they like without fear. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

110. Do officials who commit crimes go unpunished? (SHOWCARD) Always ..................................................................1


Most of the time ....................................................2
Sometimes ............................................................3
Rarely ...................................................................4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ......7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ..........................9

111. How often do government officials withhold important information Always ..................................................................1
from the public view? (SHOWCARD) Most of the time ....................................................2
Sometimes ............................................................3
Rarely ...................................................................4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ......7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ..........................9

112. How often do you think government leaders break the law or abuse Always ..................................................................1
their power? (SHOWCARD) Most of the time ....................................................2
Sometimes ............................................................3
Rarely ...................................................................4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ......7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ..........................9

113. How often do you think our elections offer the voters a real choice Always .................................................................. 1
between different parties/candidates? (SHOWCARD) Most of the time .................................................... 2
Sometimes ............................................................ 3
Rarely ................................................................... 4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ...... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

15
114. To what extent is the legislature capable of keeping government Very capable ......................................................... 1
leaders in check? (SHOWCARD) Capable ................................................................ 2
Not capable ........................................................... 3
Not at all capable .................................................. 4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ...... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

115. How well do you think the government responds to what people want? Very responsive .................................................... 1
(SHOWCARD) Largely responsive ................................................ 2
Not very responsive .............................................. 3
Not responsive at all ............................................. 4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ...... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

116. How much do you feel that having elections makes the government A good deal ........................................................... 1
pay attention to what the people think? (SHOWCARD) Quite a lot ............................................................. 2
Not much .............................................................. 3
Not at all ................................................................ 4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ...... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

117. How widespread do you think corruption and bribe-taking are in your Hardly anyone is involved ..................................... 1
local/municipal government? Would you say ? (SHOWCARD) Not a lot of officials are corrupt ............................. 2
GBS Most officials are corrupt ....................................... 3
Almost everyone is corrupt ................................... 4
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

118. How widespread do you think corruption and bribe-taking are in the Hardly anyone is involved ..................................... 1
national government [in capital city]? Would you say ? Not a lot of officials are corrupt ............................. 2
(SHOWCARD)GBS Most officials are corrupt ....................................... 3
Almost everyone is corrupt ................................. 4
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................... 9

119. In your opinion, is the government working to crack down on corruption and root out bribery?
It is doing its best ..........................................................................................................................................................1
It is doing something .....................................................................................................................................................2
It is not doing much.......................................................................................................................................................3
Doing nothing................................................................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ............................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose .........................................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ..................................................................................................................................9

120. Have you or anyone you know personally witnessed an act of corruption or bribe-taking by a politician or government official in the past
year? IF WITNESSED: Did you personally witness it or were you told about it by a family member or friend who personally witnessed?
GBS
Witnessed (ALLOW MULTIPLE RESPONSE) .............................................................................................................1
Personally witnessed ....................................................................................................................................................2
Told about it by a family member who personally witnessed........................................................................................3
Told about it by a friend who personally witnessed ......................................................................................................4
Personally never witnessed ..........................................................................................................................................5
No one I know has personally witnessed......................................................................................................................6
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ............................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose .........................................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ..................................................................................................................................9
NOTE: DO NOT ACCEPT BEING TOLD ABOUT IT BY SOMEONE WHO LEARNED ABOUT AN ACT OF CORRUPTION THROUGH OTHERS OR MASS MEDIA.

16
P. REGIME EVALUATION

121-124. Remember the scale that we used before: 1 means completely undemocratic and 10 means completely democratic.(SHOWCARD) (Do not
read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Do not understand the question=97
Cant choose=98
Decline to answer=99

121. Where would you place China today on this scale? GBS

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

122. Where would you place the United States today on this scale? GBS

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

123. Where would you place Japan today on this scale?

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

124. Where would you place India today on this scale?

Completely Completely
Undemocratic Democratic

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

17
Q. DEMOCRATIC LEGITIMACY AND PREFERENCE FOR DEMOCRACY

125. Which of the following statements comes closest to your own opinion? GBS(SHOWCARD)
Democracy is always preferable to any other kind of government ...................................................................... 1
Under some circumstances, an authoritarian government can be preferable to a democratic one..................... 2
For people like me, it does not matter whether we have a democratic or a nondemocratic regime .................... 3
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ................................................................................................... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................................................................................................................ 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ......................................................................................................................... 9

126. Which of the following statements comes closer to your own view? (SHOWCARD)
Democracy is capable of solving the problems of our society ............................................................................. 1
Democracy cannot solve our societys problems................................................................................................. 2
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ................................................................................................... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................................................................................................................ 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ......................................................................................................................... 9

127. If you had to choose between democracy and economic development, which would you say is more important? (SHOWCARD)
Economic development is definitely more important ........................................................................................... 1
Economic development is somewhat more important ......................................................................................... 2
Democracy is somewhat more important ............................................................................................................ 3
Democracy is definitely more important............................................................................................................... 4
[Do not read]They are both equally important ............................................................................................... 5
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ................................................................................................... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................................................................................................................ 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ......................................................................................................................... 9

128. If you had to choose between reducing economic inequality and protecting political freedom, which would you say is more
important? (SHOWCARD)
Reducing economic inequality is definitely more important ................................................................................. 1
Reducing economic inequality is somewhat more important ............................................................................... 2
Protecting political freedom is somewhat more important ................................................................................... 3
Protecting political freedom is definitely more important ..................................................................................... 4
[Do not read] They are both equally important ................................................................................................... 5
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ................................................................................................... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ................................................................................................................................ 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ......................................................................................................................... 9

129. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Democracy may have its problems, but it is still the best form of
government. (SHOWCARD)
Strongly agree ..................................................................................................................................................... 1
Agree ................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Disagree .............................................................................................................................................................. 3
Strongly disagree ............................................................................................................................................... 4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................................................................................................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................................................................... 9

18
R. AGREEMENT/DISAGREEMENT WITH SPECIFIC STATEMENTS

130- There are many ways to govern a country. Would you disapprove or approve of the following alternatives? For each statement, would
133. you say you strongly approve, approve, disapprove, or strongly disapprove? (SHOWCARD) (Do not read: Do not understand the
question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

DEMOCRATIC LEGITIMACY AND PREFERENCE FOR DEMOCRACY


SA SWA SWD SD DU CC DA
130. We should get rid of parliament and elections and have a 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
strong leader decide things.GBS
131. Only one political party should be allowed to stand for election 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
and hold office. GBS
132. The army (military) should come in to govern the country. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
GBS
133. We should get rid of elections and parliaments and have 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
experts make decisions on behalf of the people. GBS

134- I have here some statements. For each statement, would you say you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or
138. strongly disagree? (SHOWCARD) (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

CITIZEN EMPOWERMENT AND POLITICAL SUPPORT SA SWA SWD SD DU CC DA

134. I think I have the ability to participate in politics. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9

135. Sometimes politics and government seems so complicated 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


that a person like me cant really understand what is going on.
GBS

136. People like me dont have any influence over what the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
government does.

137. You can generally trust the people who run our government to 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
do what is right. GBS

138. A citizen should always remain loyal only to his country, no 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


matter how imperfect it is or what wrong it has done.

19
S. AGREEMENT/DISAGREEMENT WITH SPECIFIC STATEMENTS (contd)

139- I have here other statements. For each statement, would you say you strongly agree, somewhat agree, somewhat disagree, or
149. strongly disagree? (SHOWCARD) (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

AUTHORITARIAN/DEMOCRATIC VALUES SA SWA SWD SD DU CC DA

139. Women should not be involved in politics as much as men. 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


(REVISED: Change question order)

140. The government should consult religious authorities when 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


interpreting the laws. (REVISED: Change question order)

141. People with little or no education should have as much say in 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


politics as highly-educated people.

142. Government leaders are like the head of a family; we should all 1 2 3 4 7 8 9
follow their decisions.

143. The government should decide whether certain ideas should 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


be allowed to be discussed in society.

Harmony of the community will be disrupted if people organize 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


144.
lots of groups.

When judges decide important cases, they should accept the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


145.
view of the executive branch.

If the government is constantly checked [i.e. monitored and 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


146. supervised] by the legislature, it cannot possibly accomplish
great things.

If we have political leaders who are morally upright, we can let 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


147.
them decide everything.

If people have too many different ways of thinking, society will 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


148.
be chaotic.

149. When the country is facing a difficult situation, it is ok for the 1 2 3 4 7 8 9


government to disregard the law in order to deal with the
situation.

20
T. GLOBALIZATION

150. How closely do you follow major events in foreign countries / the world?
Very closely ........................................................................................................................................................1
Somewhat closely ...............................................................................................................................................2
Not too closely ....................................................................................................................................................3
Very little .............................................................................................................................................................4
Not at all .............................................................................................................................................................5
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

151. Our country should defend our way of life instead of becoming more and more like other countries.
Strongly agree ....................................................................................................................................................1
Somewhat agree ................................................................................................................................................2
Somewhat disagree ............................................................................................................................................3
Strongly disagree ................................................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ....................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose .............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

152. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: We should protect our farmers and workers by limiting the import of
foreign goods.
Strongly agree ....................................................................................................................................................1
Agree ..................................................................................................................................................................2
Disagree .............................................................................................................................................................3
Strongly disagree ................................................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

153. Do you think the government should increase or decrease the inflow of foreign immigrants into the country? (NEW) <OPTIONAL>
The government should increase the inflow of immigrants.................................................................................1
The government should maintain the current inflow of immigrants ....................................................................2
The government should reduce the inflow of immigrant .....................................................................................3
The government should not allow any more immigrants ....................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

154. There are two statements: (1) Protecting the environment should be given priority, even if it causes slower economic growth and some loss
of jobs; and (2) Creating jobs should be the top priority, even if the environment suffers to some extent. Which of these statements comes
closer to your view? (NEW)
Protecting the environment should be given priority, even if it causes slower economic growth and some loss of jobs.. 1
Economic growth and creating jobs should be the top priority, even if the environment suffers to some extent... 2
[Do not read] Do not understand the question..7
[Do not read] Cant choose..8
[Do not read] Decline to answer 9

21
U. REDISTRIBUTION

155. How fair do you think income distribution is in (country)? (NEW)


Very fair .............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Fair ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Unfair ................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Very unfair .......................................................................................................................................................... 4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question.................................................................................................. 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ............................................................................................................................... 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ....................................................................................................................... 9

156. Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: It is the responsibility of the government to reduce the differences between
people with high income and those with low incomes. (NEW)
Strongly agree.................................................................................................................................................... 1
Agree ................................................................................................................................................................. 2
Disagree............................................................................................................................................................. 3
Strongly disagree ............................................................................................................................................... 4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question.................................................................................................. 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ............................................................................................................................... 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ....................................................................................................................... 9

157. How concerned are you about the loss of your or your family's major source of income within the next 12 months? (NEW)
Not at all ............................................................................................................................................................. 1
A little bit ............................................................................................................................................................ 2
Quite a bit........................................................................................................................................................... 3
Very concerned .................................................................................................................................................. 4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question.................................................................................................. 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ............................................................................................................................... 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ....................................................................................................................... 9

158. The following is a hypothetical question: If you were unfortunate enough to lose your main source of income, how serious would it
be for you and your family? (NEW)
It would be serious, and we would have difficulty coping ................................................................................... 1
It would be serious, but we could deal with it ..................................................................................................... 2
We could manage just fine ................................................................................................................................. 3
[Do not read] Do not understand the question.................................................................................................. 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ............................................................................................................................... 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ....................................................................................................................... 9

159. Considering all the effort that you and your family members have made in the past, do you think the income that your family currently
receives is fair or not fair?(NEW)
Very fair .............................................................................................................................................................. 1
Fair ..................................................................................................................................................................... 2
Unfair ................................................................................................................................................................. 3
Very unfair .......................................................................................................................................................... 4
[Do not read] Hard to say ................................................................................................................................. 5
[Do not read] Do not understand the question.................................................................................................. 7
[Do not read] Cant choose ............................................................................................................................... 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ....................................................................................................................... 9

22
160. As compared to my parent's generation, my generation has more or fewer opportunities to improve one's standard of living or social
status? (SHOWCARD) (NEW)
Substantially more opportunities ........................................................................................................................ .1
More opportunities ............................................................................................................................................. .2
About the same .................................................................................................................................................. .3
Fewer opportunities ........................................................................................................................................... .4
Substantially fewer opportunities ....................................................................................................................... .5
[Do not read] Do not understand the question.................................................................................................. .7
[Do not read] Cant choose ............................................................................................................................... .8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ....................................................................................................................... .9

V. CITIZENSHIP

161. How proud are you to be a citizen of (COUNTRY)? Very proud ........................................................... 1
Are you?GBS Somewhat proud ................................................. 2
Not very proud ....................................................... 3
Not proud at all ...................................................... 4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ....... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer........................... 9

162. Given the chance, how willing would you be to go and live in another Very willing ............................................................ 1
country? Willing .................................................................... 2
Not willing .............................................................. 3
Not willing at all...................................................... 4
[Do not read] Dont understand the question ....... 7
[Do not read] Cant choose .................................. 8
[Do not read] Decline to answer........................... 9

23
W. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

163. Which country has the most influence in Asia?


China ..................................................................................................................................................................1
Japan .................................................................................................................................................................2
India ...................................................................................................................................................................3
United States ...................................................................................................................................................4
Other [please name] ........................................................................................................................................5
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................................................................9

164. Does the United States do more good or harm to the region? (NEW)
Much more good than harm ...............................................................................................................................1
Somewhat more good than harm .......................................................................................................................2
Somewhat more harm than good .......................................................................................................................3
Much more harm than good ...............................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................................................................9

165. Does China do more good or harm to the region? (NEW)


Much more good than harm ...............................................................................................................................1
Somewhat more good than harm .......................................................................................................................2
Somewhat more harm than good .......................................................................................................................3
Much more harm than good ...............................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................................................................9

166. In ten years, which country will have the most influence in Asia?
China ..................................................................................................................................................................1
Japan .................................................................................................................................................................2
India ...................................................................................................................................................................3
United States ...................................................................................................................................................4
Other [please name] ........................................................................................................................................5
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer .......................................................................................................................9

167. Which country should be a model for our own countrys future development?
United States ......................................................................................................................................................1
China ..................................................................................................................................................................2
India ....................................................................................................................................................................3
Japan ..................................................................................................................................................................4
Singapore ...........................................................................................................................................................5
Other [please name] ...........................................................................................................................................6
We should follow our countrys own model.........................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................0

168. How much influence does China have on our country?


A great deal of influence .....................................................................................................................................1
Some influence ...................................................................................................................................................2
Not much influence .............................................................................................................................................3
No influence at all ...............................................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

24
169 General speaking, the influence China has on our country is?
Very positive .......................................................................................................................................................1
Positive ...............................................................................................................................................................2
Somewhat positive .............................................................................................................................................3
Somewhat negative ............................................................................................................................................4
native ..................................................................................................................................................................5
Very negative ......................................................................................................................................................6
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

170. How much influence does the United States have on our country? (NEW)
A great deal of influence .....................................................................................................................................1
Some influence ...................................................................................................................................................2
Not much influence .............................................................................................................................................3
No influence at all ...............................................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

171. General speaking, the influence the United States has on our country is? (NEW)
Very positive .......................................................................................................................................................1
Positive ...............................................................................................................................................................2
Somewhat positive .............................................................................................................................................3
Somewhat negative ............................................................................................................................................4
Negative .............................................................................................................................................................5
Very negative ......................................................................................................................................................6
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

172. How close do you feel to ASEAN? (ASEAN countries only) (NEW)?
Very close ...........................................................................................................................................................1
Close ..................................................................................................................................................................2
Not very close .....................................................................................................................................................3
Not close at all ....................................................................................................................................................4
[Do not read] Do not understand the question ..................................................................................................7
[Do not read] Cant choose ...............................................................................................................................8
[Do not read] Decline to answer ........................................................................................................................9

THANK YOU VERY MUCH - GO TO SOCIO-ECONOMIC BACKGROUND SECTION

25
X. SOCIO-ECONOMIC BACKGROUND
VARIABLES

SE1 COUNTRY CODE SE5 EDUCATION


Japan 01 What is your highest level of education?
Hong Kong 02 No formal education 01
Taiwan 03 Incomplete primary/elementary 02
Korea 04 Complete primary/elementary 03
Thailand 05 Incomplete secondary/high school:
04
Philippines 06 technical/vocational type
Complete secondary/high school:
Mainland China 07 05
technical/vocational type
Mongolia 08 Incomplete secondary/high school 06
Indonesia 09 Complete secondary/high school 07
Singapore 10 Some university education 08
Vietnam 11 University education completed 09
Cambodia 12 Post-graduate degree 10
Malaysia 13
Myanmar (NEW) 14

SE2 GENDER
Male 1 SE5a How many years of formal education
you have received?
Female 2
(EXCLUDE Kindergarten)
(2-digit code)

SE3 BIRTH YEAR & ACTUAL AGE


Use Year of Birth. Then convert to actual age. SE6 RELIGION <country specific grid>
[Lower limit: the voting age. No upper limit.] What is your religion? ____ (open-ended, pre-coded) Country
teams can devise more refined two-digit codes for specific
denominations or country-specific religions under the generic
decimal code. For example, 71~73
Roman Catholic 10
SE4 MARITAL STATUS
Protestant 20
What is your marital status?
Jews 30
Single/Never married 1
Islam 40
Married 2
Shia 41
Living-in as married 3
Sunni 42
Widowed 4
Hindu 50
Separated/Married but separated/ not living
5 Buddhist 60
with legal spouse
Divorced 6 Other Asian religions 70
[Do not read]Decline to answer 9 Sikhism 71
Iglesia Ni Cristo 72
Aglipayan 73
Born Again 74
Other, specify _____________ ( )
NONE 99

26
SE7 RELIGIOSITY
About how often do you practice religious services or rituals these
days? (SHOWCARD)
Several times a day 01
Once a day 02
Several times a week 03
Once a week 04
Once a month 05
Only during festivals (or several times a year) 06
Less often 07
Practically never 08
[Do not read] Decline to answer 99
[Note: Focusing on voluntary religious activities.]

SE7a Would you describe yourself as very religious, moderately


religious, lightly religious, not religious at all?
[Ask this question regardless how one answers SE7.]

Very religious 1
Moderately religious 2
Lightly religious 3
Not religious at all 4
[Do not read] Decline to answer 9

SE8 SIZE OF HOUSEHOLD


SE8a How many people live in this household?
(Code EXACT no. of people)
SE8b How many generations of family members live in this
household?
One generation 1
Two generations 2
Three generations 3
Mote than three generations 4

ACTUAL COUNT
(INCLUDE servants, transients/boarders)
ACTUAL COUNT
(EXCLUDE servants, transients/boarders)

27
SE9. MAIN OCCUPATION (RESPONDENT)
Are you currently employed? 1.EmployedContinue to SE9a 2. Not employedSkip to SE9d

SE9a. Are you currently self-employed (including business owners), working in a family business, or working for an outside employer?
1. Self-employed or business owner 2. Working in family business Continue to SE9b
3. Working for an outside employer Skip to SE9c
SE9b. How many people does your business employ?
1.No employees 2. 1-9 employees 3. 10+ employees
SE9c. What is your job title and job description? (open-ended)(Interviewer please ask in detail)
__________________Please record according to the appendix A <The code number of ISCO>Skip to SE10

SE9d. Are you currently seeking employment?


1.Yes (Currently unemployed but seeking work) 2.No (Not currently employed and not seeking work)
3.Never employed
SE9e. What is your current status?
01. Homemaker 02. Student 03. Retired
04. Person with disabilities 05. Unemployed 06. Other _________

SE10. MAIN OCCUPATION (CHIEF WAGE EARNER) <Optional>


Are you the main earner in your household? 1.YesSkip to SE11 2. NoContinue to SE10_1

SE10_1. Is the main earner in your household currently employed?


1.EmployedContinue to SE10a 2. Not employedSkip to SE10d

SE10a. Is he or she currently self-employed (including business owners), working in a family business, or working for an outside employer?
1. Self-employed or business owner 2. Working in family business Continue to SE10b
3. Working for an outside employer Skip to SE10c
SE10b. How many people do his or her business employ?
1.No employees 2. 1-9 employees 3. 10+ employees
SE10c. What is his or her job title and job description? (open-ended)(Interviewer please ask in detail)
__________________Please record according to the appendix A <The code number of ISCO>Skip to SE11

SE10d. Is he or she currently seeking employment?


1.Yes (Currently unemployed but seeking work) 2.No (Not currently employed and not seeking work)
3.Never employed
SE10e. What is his or her current status?
01. Homemaker 02. Student 03. Retired
04. Person with disabilities 05. Unemployed 06. Other _________

28
SE11 LANGUAGE
What language do you speak the most in the home?
Only local language 1
Mostly local language 2
A mixture of local and official language 3
Mostly official language 4
Only official language 5

SE11a Racial or Ethnic Background (NEW)


What's your racial (ethnic) background? Response categories to
be designed by local teams (Note: If the respondent is born
to a mixed family, we ask the father's side.)

SE12 SUBJECTIVE SOCIAL STATUS


People sometimes think of the social status of their families in terms of being high or low.
Imagine a ladder with 10 steps. At step one stand the lowest status and step 10 stand the highest. Where would you place your family on the
following scale? (SHOWCARD)
Highest status 10
Lowest status 01
[Do not read] Cant choose 98
[Do not read] Decline to answer 99

Lowest Highest

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Do not understand the question=97


Cant choose=98
Decline to answer=99

29
SE13 SOCIAL MOBILITY

SE13a-SE13c. Imagine a staircase with 10 steps where the poorest people are on the first step and the richest on the tenth step. (SHOWCARD)
(NEW) (Do not read: Do not understand the question, Cant choose & Decline to answer)

SE13a Where would you put yourself on this staircase? (NEW)


Poorest Richest

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Do not understand the question=97


Cant choose=98
Decline to answer=99

SE13b Where would you put your parents on this staircase? (NEW)

Poorest Richest

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Do not understand the question=97


Cant choose=98
Decline to answer=99

SE13c Where do you think your children will be on this staircase? (NEW)

Poorest Richest

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Do not understand the question=97


Cant choose=98
Decline to answer=99

30
SE14 ANNUAL OR MONTHLY HOUSEHOLD INCOME [REVISED, using quintiles]
Here is a scale of household [fill in annual or monthly] incomes. We would like to know in what group your household on average is, counting all
wages, salaries, pensions, dividends and other incomes that come in before taxes and other deduction. Just give the letter of the group your
household falls into. (SHOWCARD)
[Country teams are required to use quintiles based on official household income statistics. If country team wants to get exact figures from
respondents, it should convert them back to quintiles in the end.]
The Fifth Quintile, i.e, Lowest 20% (Less than P 5,500) 1
The Fourth Quintile 20% (P 5,501 to P 10,000) 2
The Third Quintile (P 10,001 to P 20,000) 3
The Second Quintile (P 20,001 to P 40,000) 4
The First Quintile, i.e.,Top 20% (P 40,001 and above) 5
[Do not read] Decline to answer 9

SE14a Does the total income of your household allow you to satisfactorily cover your needs? I will read out few statements about your income.
Please tell me, which of the following statement is closest to your situation?
Our income covers the needs well, we can save. 1
Our income covers the needs all right, without much difficulty. 2
Our income does not cover the needs, there are difficulties. 3
Our income does not cover the needs, there are great difficulties. 4
[Do not read] Not applicable 0
[Do not read] Do not understand the question 7
[Do not read] Decline to answer 9

SE15 Do you or your family own the following? <OPTIONAL> Yes No


a. Car/Jeep/Van (record exact number) ___ 1 2
b. Tractor 1 2
c. Color or B/W Television 1 2
d. Cable Television 1 2
e. Scooter/ Motorcycle / Moped 1 2
f. Telephone 1 2
g. Mobile Telephone 1 2
h. Electric fan/cooler 1 2
i. Bicycle 1 2
j. Radio/transistor 1 2
k. Pumping set 1 2
l. Fridge 1 2
m. Camera 1 2
n. Goats/Sheep (Record exact number) ___ 1 2
o. Cows/Buffalo (Record exact number) ___ 1 2

31
Interview Record
[To be filled in by interviewers only.]

IR1. Interviewers number |___|___|___| (a three-digit code)

IR2. Is this the first questionnaire you have completed? Yes ...................................... 1
No ........................................ 2

IR2a. Interviewers gender Male .................................... 1


Female ................................ 2

IR2b. Interviewers Age |___|___|

IR2c. What kind of language do you normally use at home? Bicolano.................................................................01


[Country-specific] Cebuano ..............................................................02
English ................................................................03
Ilocano .................................................................04
Ilonggo ................................................................05
Tagalog ................................................................06
Others, specify ________________________ .....( )

IR3. In the interview, other than the respondent, were others Yes ...................................... 1 GO TO IR3a
present? No ........................................ 2 GO TO IR4

IR3a. Who were they? (Multiple answers allowed) Respondents spouse ..........................................01
Children ...............................................................02
Parents or parents-in-law ....................................03
Neighbors/Passers by 04
Party/Government Official ....05
Others, specify _________________________ ...( )

IR4. Has the respondent ever refused to be interviewed during Yes. Right at the beginning of the interview. .......1
the whole process? Yes. In the middle of the interview. ......................2
Yes. Towards the end of the interview. ................3
Never ...................................................................4

IR5. Has the respondent ever felt impatient during the Never ...................................................................1
interview? Occasionally ........................................................2
Sometimes ..........................................................3
Always .................................................................4

IR6. How cooperative was the respondent during the interview?


Highly cooperative ...............................................1
Fairly cooperative ................................................2
Not very cooperative ...........................................3

IR7. How sincere was the respondent when answering sensitive Highly sincerely..1
questions? Fairly sincere..2
Not very sincere.....3

IR8. What proportion of the questions do you feel the respondent All.1
had difficulty answering? Most.2
Some...3
Few.....4
None...0

IR9. Date of Interview: 2 0 1


Month Date Year

IR10. Language in which interview was conducted :

Native language or dialect (mother tongue) of the respondent.... 1


The main language of the country but not the native language or dialect (mother tongue) of the respondent..2
The main language of the region/localities but not the native language or dialect (mother tongue) of the respondent...3

IR10a. Was the interview conducted with the assistance of an Yes ...................................... 1
interpreter? No ........................................ 2

32
IR11. Based on your observation, (or inquiry if necessary )

IR11a. What is the condition of the road leading to interviewees residence?

Wide enough for car and paved with asphalt, cement or man-made materials ......................... 1
Not wide enough for car, but paved with asphalt, cement or man-made materials ................... 2
Paved with stone ........................................................................................................................ 3
Unpaved/dirt road ...................................................................................................................... 4
Muddy ........................................................................................................................................ 5

IR11b. Please identify the main source of drinking water in the household?

Tap water inside the house .. 1


Shared tap water in the public place . 2
Handbump for groundwater . 3
Shared handbump for groundwater .4
From river, pound or lake ..5

IR11c. Is electricity the main source of lighting in the house?

Yes ................1
No ..................2

IR11d. Is this neighborhood covered by mobile phone network (signals)? [NEW]

Yes ................1
No ..................2
Dont Know ....3

IR11e. In terms of walking distance, how far is it between the nearest public transportation stop (bus, train, ferry, tram, etc.) and the
respondents house?

Less than 10 minutes by walking 1


Less than 20 minutes 2
Less than 40 minutes 3
Less than an hour ..4
Less than two hours ..5
Less than three hours 6
Less than four hours ..7
More than fours hours 8

IR12. Were the following services present within the neighborhood (i.e., within walking or easy driving distance)
IR12a. Estimate the distance of these services by :
Walking.1
Easy driving.2

Yes No Can't determine


A. Post-office 1 0 9
B. School 1 0 9
C. Police station 1 0 9
D. Sewerage system that most houses could access 1 0 9
E. Health clinic 1 0 9
F. Signal for cellular phone 1 0 9
G. Recreational facilities, e.g., a sports field 1 0 9
H. Any churches, mosques, temples or other public places of worship 1 0 9
I. Any town halls or community buildings that can be used for meetings 1 0 9
K. Market stalls (selling groceries and/or clothing) 1 0 9

IR13. GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION


Which of the following levels within the country the respondent live?
Capital or Megacity (1 million population plus)..1
Regional center or Other major cities (100,000 plus)...2
Small city or town (less than 100,000 people)3
Village or countryside.4

33
Appendix A

Original coding Coded by EGP


International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
1000 LEGISLATORS, SENIOR OFFICIALS & MANAGERS 1 I
1100 LEGISLATORS & SENIOR OFFICIALS 1 I
1110 LEGISLATORS [incl. Member of Parliament, Member of Local Council] 1 I
1120 SENIOR [NATIONAL] GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS [incl. Minister, Ambassador] 1 I
1130 [SENIOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS] [incl. Local Government Senior Officials, Mayor] 2 II
1140 SENIOR OFFICIALS SPECIAL-INTEREST ORGANIZATIONS 2 II
1141 Senior officials political-party organizations [incl. Politician] 2 II
1142 Senior officials economic-interest organizations [incl. Union Leader, Director Employers Organization] 2 II
1143 Senior officials special-interest organizations [incl. Lodge Official, Official Red Cross] 2 II
1200 CORPORATE MANAGERS [LARGE ENTERPRISES] 1 I
1210 [LARGE ENTERPRISES] DIRECTORS & CHIEF EXECUTIVES [incl. CEO, Large Business Owner 251 employees] 1 I
1220 [LARGE ENTERPRISE OPERATION] DEPARTMENT MANAGERS [incl. Manager in establishment with 251 employees] 1 I
1221 Production department managers agriculture & shing 11 VIII
1222 Production department managers manufacturing [incl. Factory Manager nfs] 1 I
1223 Production department managers construction 1 I
1224 Production department managers wholesale & retail trade [incl. Floor Manager] 1 I
1225 Production department managers restaurants & hotels 1 I
1226 Production department managers transportation, storage & communications [incl. Postmaster, Stationmaster] 1 I
1227 Production department managers business services [incl. Banker, Bank Manager] 1 I
1228 Production department managers personal care, cleaning, etc. 1 I
1229 Production department managers nec [incl. Impresario, Film Producer, College Dean, School Principal] 1 I
1230 [LARGE ENTERPRISES] OTHER DEPARTMENT MANAGERS 1 I
1231 Finance & administration department managers [incl. Company Secretary] 1 I
1232 Personnel & industrial relations department managers 1 I
1233 Sales & marketing department managers 1 I
1234 Advertising & public relations department managers 1 I
1235 Supply & distribution department managers 1 I
1236 Computing services department managers 1 I
1237 Research & development department managers 1 I
1239 Other department managers nec 1 I
1240 OFFICE MANAGERS [incl. Clerical Supervisor] 2 II
1250 MILITARY OFFICERS 1 I
1251 Higher military officers [Captain and above] 1 I
1252 Lower-grade commissioned officers [incl. Army Lieutenant] 2 II
1300 [SMALL ENTERPRISE] GENERAL MANAGERS 2 II
1310 [SMALL ENTERPRISE] GENERAL MANAGERS [incl. Businessman, Trader, Manager nfs] 2 II
[Small enterprise] General managers agriculture, forestry & shing [incl. Farm Manager, Self-employed Farmer with
1311 11 VIII
personnel]
1312 [Small enterprise] General managers manufacturing 2 II
1313 [Small enterprise] General managers construction [incl. Building Contractor] 2 II
[Small enterprise] General managers wholesale & retail trade [incl. Shop Owner/Manager, Retail Owner/Manager,
1314 2 II
Merchant]
[Small enterprise] General managers restaurants & hotels [incl. Manager Camping Site, Bar Owner/Manager,
1315 2 II
Restaurateur]
1316 [Small enterprise] General managers transp., storage & communications [incl. Owner Small Transport Company] 2 II
1317 [Small enterprise] General managers business services [incl. Manager Insurance Agency] 2 II
1318 [Small enterprise] General managers personal care, cleaning, etc.services [incl. Owner Laundry] 2 II
1319 [Small enterprise] General managers nec 2 II
2000 PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2100 PHYSICAL, MATHEMATICAL & ENGINEERING SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS 1 I
34
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
2110 PHYSICISTS, CHEMISTS & RELATED PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2111 Physicists & astronomers 1 I
2112 Meteorologists 1 I
2113 Chemists 1 I
2114 Geologists & geophysicists [incl. Geodesist] 1 I
2120 MATHEMATICIANS, STATISTICIANS, ETC. PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2121 Mathematicians, etc. professionals 1 I
2122 Statisticians [incl. Actuary] 1 I
2130 COMPUTING PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2131 Computer systems designers & analysts [incl. Software Engineer] 1 I
2132 Computer programmers 2 II
2139 Computing professionals nec 2 II
2140 ARCHITECTS, ENGINEERS, ETC. PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2141 Architects town & traffic planners [incl. Landscape Architect] 1 I
2142 Civil engineers [incl. Construction Engineer] 1 I
2143 Electrical engineers 1 I
2144 Electronics & telecommunications engineers 1 I
2145 Mechanical engineers 1 I
2146 Chemical engineers 1 I
2147 Mining engineers, metallurgists, etc. professionals 1 I
2148 Cartographers & surveyors 2 II
2149 Architects, engineers, etc. professionals nec [incl. Consultant] 1 I
2200 LIFE SCIENCE & HEALTH PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2210 LIFE SCIENCE PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2211 Biologists, botanists, zoologists, etc. professionals 1 I
2212 Pharmacologists, pathologists, etc. professionals [incl. Biochemist] 1 I
2213 Agronomists, etc. professionals 1 I
2220 HEALTH PROFESSIONALS (EXCEPT NURSING) 1 I
2221 Medical doctors 1 I
2222 Dentists 1 I
2223 Veterinarians 1 I
2224 Pharmacists 1 I
2229 Health professionals except nursing nec 1 I
2230 NURSING & MIDWIFERY PROFESSIONALS [incl. Registered Nurses, Registered Midwives, Nurse nfs] 2 II
2300 TEACHING PROFESSIONALS 2 II
2310 HIGHER EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS [incl. University Professor] 1 I
2320 SECONDARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS 2 II
2321 [Secondary teachers, academic track] [incl. Middle-School Teacher] 2 II
2322 [Secondary teachers, vocational track] [incl. Vocational Instructor] 2 II
2330 PRIMARY & PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS 2 II
2331 Primary education teaching professionals 2 II
2332 Pre-primary education teaching professionals [incl. Kindergarten Teacher] 2 II
2340 SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHING PROFESSIONALS [incl. Remedial Teacher, Teacher of the Blind] 2 II
2350 OTHER TEACHING PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2351 Education methods specialists [incl. Curricula Developer] 1 I
2352 School inspectors 1 I
2359 Other teaching professionals nec 2 II
2400 OTHER PROFESSIONALS [incl. Professional nfs, Administrative Professional] 1 I
2410 BUSINESS PROFESSIONALS 2 II
2411 Accountants [incl. Auditor] 1 I
2412 Personnel & careers professionals [incl. Job Analyst, Student Counselor] 2 II
2419 Business professionals nec [incl. Publicity Agent, Patent Agent, Home Economist, Market Researcher] 2 II
35
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
2420 LEGAL PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2421 Lawyers 1 I
2422 Judges 1 I
2429 Legal professionals nec [incl. Notary, Notary Public] 1 I
2430 ARCHIVISTS, LIBRARIANS, ETC. INFORMATION PROFESSIONALS 2 II
2431 Archivists & curators 2 II
2432 Librarians, etc. information professionals [incl. Documentalist, Health Records Technician] 2 II
2440 SOCIAL SCIENCE, ETC. PROFESSIONALS 1 I
2441 Economists 1 I
2442 Sociologists, anthropologists, etc. professionals 1 I
2443 Philosophers, historians & political scientists 1 I
2444 Philologists, translators & interpreters 2 II
2445 Psychologists 1 I
2446 Social work professionals [incl. Welfare Worker] 2 II
2450 WRITERS & CREATIVE OR PERFORMING ARTISTS 2 II
2451 Authors, journalists & other writers [incl. Editor, Technical Writer] 2 II
2452 Sculptors, painters, etc. artists 2 II
2453 Composers, musicians & singers 2 II
2454 Choreographers & dancers 2 II
2455 Film, stage, etc. actors & directors 2 II
2460 RELIGIOUS PROFESSIONALS [incl. Priest, Chaplain, Theologian, Professional Nun] 2 II
3000 TECHNICIANS AND ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 2 II
3100 PHYSICAL & ENGINEERING SCIENCE ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 2 II
3110 PHYSICAL & ENGINEERING SCIENCE TECHNICIANS 2 II
3111 Chemical & physical science technicians 2 II
3112 Civil engineering technicians 2 II
3113 Electrical engineering technicians 2 II
3114 Electronics & telecommunications engineering technicians 2 II
3115 Mechanical engineering technicians 2 II
3116 Chemical engineering technicians 2 II
3117 Mining & metallurgical technicians 2 II
3118 Draftspersons [incl. Technical Illustrator] 2 II
3119 Physical & engineering science technicians nec [incl. Quantity Surveyor] 2 II
3120 COMPUTER ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 2 II
3121 Computer assistants [incl. Assistant Users Services] 2 II
3122 Computer equipment operators[incl. Computer Printer Equipment Operator] 2 II
3123 Industrial robot controllers 2 II
3130 OPTICAL & ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT OPERATORS 2 II
3131 Photographers & electronic equipment operators [incl. Cameraman, Sound Mixer] 2 II
3132 Broadcasting & telecommunications equipment operators 2 II
3133 Medical equipment operators [incl. X-ray Technician] 2 II
3139 Optical & electronic equipment operators nec [incl. Cinema Projectionist, Telegrapher] 2 II
3140 SHIP & AIRCRAFT CONTROLLERS & TECHNICIANS 2 II
3141 Ships engineers 2 II
3142 Ships deck officers & pilots [incl. River Boat Captain] 2 II
3143 Aircraft pilots, etc. associate professionals 1 I
3144 Air traffic controllers 1 I
3145 Air traffic safety technicians 2 II
3150 SAFETY & QUALITY INSPECTORS 2 II
3151 Building & re inspectors 2 II
3152 Safety, health & quality inspectors [incl. Occupational Safety Inspector, Inspector nfs] 2 II
3200 LIFE SCIENCE & HEALTH ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 2 II
36
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
3210 LIFE SCIENCE TECHNICIANS, ETC. ASSOCIATE PROFES SIONALS 2 II
Life science technicians [incl. Medical Laboratory Assistant, Medical Technician nfs, Physicaland Life Science Technician,
3211 2 II
Technician nfs, Taxidermist]
3212 Agronomy & forestry technicians 2 II
3213 Farming & forestry advisers 2 II
3220 MODERN HEALTH ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS EXCEPT NURSING 2 II
3221 Medical assistants 2 II
3222 Sanitarians 2 II
3223 Dieticians & nutritionists 2 II
3224 Optometrists & opticians [incl. Dispensing Optician] 2 II
3225 Dental assistants [incl. Oral Hygienist] 2 II
3226 Physiotherapsits, etc. associate professionals [incl. Chiropractor, Masseur, Osteopath] 2 II
3227 Veterinary assistants [incl. Veterinarian Vaccinator] 2 II
3228 Pharmaceutical assistants 2 II
3229 Modern health associate professionals except nursing nec [incl. Homeopath, Speech Therapist, Occupational Therapist] 2 II
3230 NURSING & MIDWIFERY ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 3 III
3231 Nursing associate professionals [incl. Trainee Nurses] 3 III
3232 Midwifery associate professionals [incl. Trainee Midwife] 3 III
3240 TRADITIONAL MEDICINE PRACTITIONERS & FAITH HEALERS 2 II
3241 Traditional medicine practitioners [incl. Herbalist] 2 II
3242 Faith healers 2 II
3300 TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 3 III
3310 PRIMARY EDUCATION TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS [incl. Teachers Aid] 3 III
3320 PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS [incl. Kindergarten Teachers Aid] 3 III
3330 SPECIAL EDUCATION TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 3 III
3340 OTHER TEACHING ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 3 III
3400 OTHER ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 2 II
3410 FINANCE & SALES ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 2 II
3411 Securities & nance dealers & brokers 2 II
3412 Insurance representative [incl. Insurance Agent, Underwriter] 2 II
3413 [Real] estate agents [incl. Real Estate Broker] 2 II
3414 Travel consultants & organizers 2 II
3415 Technical & commercial sales representatives [incl. Traveling Salesman, Technical Salesman] 2 II
3416 Buyers 2 II
3417 Appraisers, valuers & auctioneers [incl. Claims Adjuster] 2 II
3419 Finance & sales associate professionals nec 2 II
3420 BUSINESS SERVICES AGENTS AND TRADE BROKERS 2 II
3421 Trade brokers 2 II
3422 Clearing & forwarding agents 2 II
3423 Employment agents & labor contractors 2 II
3429 Business services agents & trade brokers nec [incl. Literary Agent, Sports Promoter, Salesman Advertisements] 2 II
3430 ADMINISTRATIVE ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 3 III
3431 Administrative secretaries, etc. associate professionals 2 II
3432 Legal, etc. business associate professionals [incl. Bailiff, Law Clerk] 2 II
3433 Bookkeepers 3 III
3434 Statistical, mathematical, etc. associate professionals 2 II
3439 Administrative associate professionals nec [incl. Management Assistant] 3 III
CUSTOMS, TAX, ETC. GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS[incl. Administrative Associate Professional,
3440 2 II
Executive Civil Servantsnfs, Public Administrator]
3441 Customs & border inspectors 2 II
3442 Government tax & excise officials 2 II
3443 Government social benets officials 2 II
37
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
3449 Government licensing officials 2 II
Customs tax, etc. government associate professionals nec [incl. Price Inspector, Electoral Official, Middle-Rank Civil
3449 2 II
Servant]
3450 POLICE INSPECTORS & DETECTIVES/[ARMY] 2 II
3451 Police inspectors & detectives [incl. Police Investigator, Private Detective] 2 II
3452 [Armed forces non commissioned officers] [incl. Sergeant] 7 V
3460 SOCIAL WORK ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 3 III
3470 ARTISTIC, ENTERTAINMENT & SPORTS ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS 2 II
Decorators & commercial designers [incl. Window Dresser, Interior Decorator, Furniture Designer, BookIllustrator,
3471 2 II
Tattooist]
3472 Radio, television & other announcers 2 II
3473 Street nightclub, etc. musicians, singers & dancers [incl. Band Leader, Chorus Dancer, Nightclub Singer] 2 II
3474 Clowns, magicians, acrobats, etc. associate professionals [incl. Striptease Artist, Juggler] 2 II
3475 Athletes, sports persons, etc. associate professionals[incl. Trainer, Umpire] 2 II
3480 RELIGIOUS ASSOCIATE PROFESSIONALS [incl. Evangelist, Lay Preacher, Salvationist] 3 III
4000 CLERKS 3 III
4100 OFFICE CLERKS [incl. Clerk nfs, Government Office Clerk nfs] 3 III
4110 SECRETARIES & KEYBOARD-OPERATING CLERKS 3 III
4111 Stenographers & typists 3 III
4112 Word-processor, etc. operators [incl. Teletypist] 3 III
4113 Data-entry operators [incl. Key Puncher] 3 III
4114 Calculating-machine operators [incl. Bookkeeping Machine Operator] 3 III
4115 Secretaries 3 III
4120 NUMERICAL CLERKS 3 III
4121 Accounting & bookkeeping clerks [incl. Payroll Clerk] 3 III
4122 Statistical & nance clerks [incl. Credit Clerk] 3 III
4130 MATERIAL-RECORDING & TRANSPORT CLERKS 3 III
4131 Stock clerks [incl. Weighing Clerk, Storehouse Clerk] 3 III
4132 Production clerks [incl. Planning Clerks] 3 III
4133 Transport clerks [incl. Dispatcher, Expeditor] 3 III
4140 LIBRARY, MAIL, ETC. CLERKS 3 III
4141 Library & ling clerks 3 III
4142 Mail carriers & sorting clerks 9 VIIa
4143 Coding proofreading, etc. clerks 3 III
4144 Scribes, etc. workers [incl. Form Filling Assistance Clerk] 3 III
4190 OTHER OFFICE CLERKS [incl. Address Clerk, Timekeeper, Office Boy, Photocopy Machine Operator] 3 III
4200 CUSTOMER SERVICES CLERKS [incl. Customer Service Clerk nfs] 3 III
4210 CASHIERS, TELLERS, ETC. CLERKS 3 III
4211 Cashiers & ticket clerks [incl. Bank Cashier, Store Cashier, Toll Collector] 3 III
4212 Tellers & other counter clerks [incl. Bank Teller, Post Office Clerk] 3 III
4213 Bookmakers & croupiers 3 III
4214 Pawnbrokers & money-lenders 3 III
4215 Debt-collectors, etc. workers 3 III
4220 CLIENT INFORMATION CLERKS 3 III
4221 Travel agency, etc. clerks 3 III
4222 Receptionists & information clerks [incl. Medical Receptionist] 3 III
4223 Telephone switchboard operators [incl. Telephone Operator] 3 III
5000 SERVICE WORKERS & SHOP & MARKET SALES WORKERS 3 III
5100 PERSONAL & PROTECTIVE SERVICES WORKERS 3 III
5110 TRAVEL ATTENDANTS, ETC. 3 III
5111 Travel attendants & travel stewards [incl. Airplane Steward, Airplane Purser] 3 III
5112 Transport conductors [incl. Train Conductor] 3 III
38
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
5113 Travel, museum guides 3 III
5120 HOUSEKEEPING & RESTAURANT SERVICES WORKERS 3 III
Housekeepers, etc. workers [incl. Butler, Matron, Dormitory Warden, Estate Manager, Property Manager, Building
5121 2 II
Superintendent, Apartment Manager]
5122 Cooks 8 VI
5123 Waiters, waitresses & bartenders 9 VIIa
5130 PERSONAL CARE, ETC. WORK 9 VIIa
5131 Child-care workers [incl. Nursemaid, Governess] 3 III
5132 Institution-based personal care workers [incl. Ambulance Man, Hospital Orderly] 9 VIIa
5133 Home-based personal care workers [incl. Attendant] 3 III
5139 [Other] care, etc. workers nec [incl. Animal Feeder] 9 VIIa
5140 OTHER PERSONAL SERVICES WORKERS 8 VI
5141 Hairdressers, barbers, beauticians, etc. workers 8 VI
5142 Companions & valets [incl. Personal Maid] 9 VIIa
5143 Undertakers & embalmers [incl. Funeral Director] 8 VI
5149 Other personal services workers nec [incl. Escort, Dancing Partner, Prostitute] 9 VIIa
5150 ASTROLOGERS, FORTUNE-TELLERS, ETC. WORKERS 2 II
5151 Astrologers, etc. workers 2 II
5152 Fortune-tellers, palmists, etc. workers 2 II
5160 PROTECTIVE SERVICES WORKERS 9 VIIa
5161 Fireghters 8 VI
5162 Police officers [incl. Policeman, Constable, Marshal] 8 VI
5163 Prison guards 9 VIIa
5164 [Armed forces, soldiers] [incl. Enlisted Man] 8 VI
5169 Protective services workers nec [incl. Night Guard, Bodyguard, Coast Guard] 9 VIIa
5200 [SALESPERSONS, MODELS & DEMONSTRATORS] 3 III
5210 FASHION & OTHER MODELS [incl. Mannequin, Artists Model] 3 III
5220 SHOP SALESPERSONS & DEMONSTRATORS [incl. Shop Assistant, Gas Station Attendant, Retail Assistant] 3 III
5230 STALL & MARKET SALESPERSONS 3 III
6000 SKILLED AGRICULTURAL & FISHERY WORKERS 10 VIIb
MARKET-ORIENTED SKILLED AGRICULTURAL & FISHERY WORKERS [This category includes skilled farm workers
6100 10 VIIb
and self-employed small farmers who have no employees.]
6110 MARKET GARDENERS & CROP GROWERS 10 VIIb
6111 Field crop & vegetable growers [incl. Specialized Crop Farmers, Specialized Crop Farm Workers] 10 VIIb
6112 Tree & shrub crop growers [incl. Skilled Rubber Worker, Coffee Farmer, Tea Grower, Fruit Tree Pruner] 10 VIIb
6113 Gardeners, horticultural & nursery growers [incl. Bulb Grower, Market Gardener] 10 VIIb
6114 Mixed-crop growers [incl. Share Cropper] 10 VIIb
6120 MARKET-ORIENTED ANIMAL PRODUCERS, ETC. WORKERS 10 VIIb
6121 Dairy & livestock producers [incl. Cattle Breeder, Dairy Farmer, Grazier, Shepherd] 10 VIIb
6122 Poultry producers [incl. Chicken Farmer, Skilled Hatchery Worker] 10 VIIb
6123 Apiarists & sericulturists [incl. Beekeeper, Silkworm Raiser] 10 VIIb
6124 Mixed-animal producers 10 VIIb
Market-oriented animal producers, etc. workers nec [incl. Bird Breeder, Gamekeeper, Kennel Keeper, Dog Trainer, Animal
6129 10 VIIb
Caretaker]
6130 MARKET-ORIENTED CROP & ANIMAL PRODUCERS 10 VIIb
6131 [Mixed farmers] 11 VIII
6132 [Farm foremen/supervisor] 11 VIII
6133 [Farmers nfs] 11 VIII
6134 [Skilled farm workers nfs] 10 VIIb
6140 FORESTRY, ETC. WORKERS 10 VIIb
6141 Forestry workers & loggers [incl. Forestery, Rafter, Timber Cruiser] 10 VIIb
6142 Charcoal burners, etc. workers 10 VIIb
39
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
6150 FISHERY WORKERS, HUNTERS & TRAPPERS 10 VIIb
6151 Aquatic-life cultivation workers [incl. Oyster Farmer, Pearl Cultivator, Fish Hatcher] 10 VIIb
6152 Inland & coastal waters shery workers [incl. Sponge Diver, Fisherman] 10 VIIb
6153 Deep-sea shery workers [incl. Fisherman nfs, Trawler Crewman] 10 VIIb
6154 Hunters & trappers [incl. Whaler] 10 VIIb
6200 SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURAL & FISHERY WORKERS 11 VIII
6210 SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURAL & FISHERY WORKERS 11 VIII
7000 CRAFT, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7100 EXTRACTION & BUILDING TRADES WORKERS 9 VIIa
7110 MINERS, SHOTFIRERS, STONE CUTTERS & CARVERS 9 VIIa
7111 Miners & quarry workers [incl. Miner nfs] 9 VIIa
7112 Shotrers & blasters 9 VIIa
7113 Stone splitters, cutters & carvers [incl. Tombstone Carver] 9 VIIa
7120 BUILDING FRAME, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7121 Builders traditional materials 9 VIIa
7122 Bricklayers & stonemasons [incl. Pavior] 9 VIIa
7123 Concrete placers, concrete nishers, etc. workers [incl. Terrazzo Worker] 9 VIIa
7124 Carpenters & joiners 8 VI
7129 Building frame, etc. trades workers nec [incl. Construction Worker nfs, Billboard Erector, Demolition Worker,Scaffolder] 8 VI
7130 BUILDING FINISHERS, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7131 Roofers 9 VIIa
7132 Floor layers & tile setters [incl. Parquetry Worker] 8 VI
7133 Plasterers [incl. Stucco Mason] 8 VI
7134 Insulation workers 8 VI
7135 Glaziers 9 VIIa
7136 Plumbers & pipe tters [incl. Well Digger] 8 VI
7137 Building, etc. electricians 8 VI
7140 PAINTERS, BUILDING STRUCTURE CLEANERS, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7141 Painters, etc. workers [incl. Construction Painter, Paperhanger] 8 VI
7142 Varnishers, etc. painters [incl. Automobile Painter] 9 VIIa
7143 Building structure cleaners [incl. Chimney Sweep, Sandblaster, Boiler Engine Cleaner] 9 VIIa
7200 METAL, MACHINERY, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7210 METAL MOLDERS, WELDERS, SHEETMETAL WORKERS STRUCTURAL METAL 8 VI
7211 Metal molders & coremakers 8 VI
7212 Welders & amecutters [incl. Brazier, Solderer] 8 VI
7213 Sheet-metal workers [incl. Panel Beater, Coppersmith, Tinsmith] 8 VI
7214 Structural-metal preparers & erectors [incl. Ship Plater, Riveter, Shipwright] 8 VI
7215 Riggers & cable splicers 8 VI
7216 Underwater workers [incl. Frogman] 8 VI
7220 BLACKSMITHS, TOOL-MAKERS, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7221 Blacksmiths, hammer-smiths & forging press workers [incl. Toolsmith] 8 VI
7222 Tool-makers, etc. workers [incl. Locksmith] 8 VI
7223 Machine-tool setters & setter-operators [incl. Metal driller, Turner] 8 VI
7224 Metal wheel-grinders, polishers & tool sharpeners 8 VI
7230 MACHINERY MECHANICS & FITTERS 8 VI
7231 Motor vehicle mechanics & tters [incl. Bicycle Repairman] 8 VI
7232 Aircraft engine mechanics & tters 8 VI
7233 [Industrial & agricultural] machinery mechanics & tters [incl. Mechanic Heavy Equipment, Millwright] 8 VI
7234 [Unskilled garage worker] [incl. Oiler-Greaser] 9 VIIa
7240 ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT MECHANICS & FIT-TERS 8 VI
7241 Electrical mechanics & tters [incl. Office Machine Repairman] 8 VI
7242 Electronics tters 8 VI
40
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
7243 Electronics mechanics & servicers 8 VI
7244 Telegraph & telephone installers & servicers 8 VI
7245 Electrical line installers, repairers & cable jointers 8 VI
7300 PRECISION, HANDICRAFT, PRINTING, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7310 PRECISION WORKERS IN METAL, ETC. MATERIALS 8 VI
7311 Precision-instrument makers & repairers [incl. Dental Mechanic, Watch Maker] 8 VI
7312 Musical-instrument makers & tuners 8 VI
7313 Jewelry & precious-metal workers [incl. Diamond Cutter, Goldsmith] 8 VI
7320 POTTERS, GLASS-MAKERS, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 9 VIIa
7321 Abrasive wheel formers, potters, etc. workers 9 VIIa
7322 Glass-makers, cutters, grinders & nishers 9 VIIa
7323 Glass engravers & etchers 8 VI
7324 Glass ceramics, etc. decorative painters [incl. Decorative Painter, Signpainter] 8 VI
7330 HANDICRAFT WORKERS IN WOOD, TEXTILE, LEATHER, ETC. 9 VIIa
7331 Handicraft workers in wood, etc. materials [incl. Candle Maker, Straw-Hat Maker] 9 VIIa
7332 Handicraft workers in textile, leather, etc. materials [incl. Carpet Weaver] 9 VIIa
7340 PRINTING, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7341 Compositors, typesetters, etc. workers 8 VI
7342 Stereotypers & electrotypers 8 VI
7343 Printing engravers & etchers 8 VI
7344 Photographic, etc. workers [incl. Darkroom worker] 8 VI
7345 Bookbinders, etc. workers 8 VI
7346 Silkscreen, block & textile printers 8 VI
7400 OTHER CRAFT, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7410 FOOD PROCESSING, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7411 Butchers, shmongers, etc. food preparers 8 VI
7412 Bakers, pastry-cooks & confectionery makers 8 VI
7413 Dairy-products makers 8 VI
7414 Fruit, vegetable, etc. preservers 8 VI
7415 Food & beverage tasters & graders 8 VI
7416 Tobacco preparers & tobacco products makers 8 VI
7420 WOOD TREATERS, CABINET-MAKERS, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7421 Wood treaters [incl. Wood Grader, Wood Impregnator] 9 VIIa
7422 Cabinet-makers, etc. workers [incl. Cartwright, Cooper] 8 VI
7423 Woodworking-machine setters & setter-operators [incl. Wood-Turner] 8 VI
7424 Basketry weavers, brush makers, etc. workers [incl. Broom Maker] 9 VIIa
7430 TEXTILE, GARMENT, ETC. TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7431 Fiber preparers 9 VIIa
7432 Weavers, knitters, etc. workers 9 VIIa
7433 Tailors, dressmakers & hatters [incl. Milliner] 8 VI
7434 Furriers, etc. workers 8 VI
7435 Textile, leather, etc. pattern-makers & cutters 8 VI
7436 Sewers, embroiderers, etc. workers 8 VI
7437 Upholsterers, etc. workers 8 VI
7440 PELT, LEATHER & SHOEMAKING TRADES WORKERS 8 VI
7441 Pelt dressers, tanners & fellmongers 8 VI
7442 Shoe-makers, etc. workers 8 VI
7500 [SKILLED WORKERS NFS] 8 VI
7510 [MANUAL FOREMEN NFSNON-FARM] 7 V
7520 [SKILLED WORKERS NFS] [incl. Craftsman, Artisan, Tradesman] 8 VI
7530 [APPRENTICE SKILLED WORK NFS] 9 VIIa
8000 PLANT & MACHINE OPERATORS & ASSEMBLERS 9 VIIa
41
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
8100 STATIONARY-PLANT, ETC. OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8110 MINING- & MINERAL-PROCESSING PLANT OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8111 Mining-plant operators 9 VIIa
8112 Mineral-ore- & stone-processing plant operators 9 VIIa
8113 Well-drillers & borers, etc. workers 9 VIIa
8120 METAL-PROCESSING PLANT OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8121 Ore & metal furnace operators 9 VIIa
8122 Metal melters, casters & rolling-mill operators 9 VIIa
8123 Metal heat-treating plant operators 9 VIIa
8124 Metal drawers & extruders 9 VIIa
8130 GLASS, CERAMICS, ETC. PLANT OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8131 Glass & ceramics kiln, etc. machine operators 9 VIIa
8139 Glass, ceramics, etc. plant operators nec 9 VIIa
8140 WOOD-PROCESSING & PAPERMAKING PLANT OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8141 Wood-processing plant operators [incl. Sawyer] 9 VIIa
8142 Paper-pulp plant operators 9 VIIa
8143 Papermaking plant operators 9 VIIa
8150 CHEMICAL-PROCESSING PLANT OPERATORS 8 VI
8151 Crushing grinding & chemical-mixing machinery operators 8 VI
8152 Chemical heat-treating plant operators 8 VI
8153 Chemical-ltering & separating-equipment operators 8 VI
8154 Chemical-still & reactor operators 8 VI
8155 Petroleum & natural-gas rening plant operators 8 VI
8159 Chemical-processing plant operators nec 8 VI
8160 POWER-PRODUCTION, ETC. PLANT OPERATORS 8 VI
8161 Power-production plant operators 8 VI
8162 Steam-engine & boiler operators [incl. Stoker, Ship Engine Room Ratings] 8 VI
8163 Incinerator water-treatment, etc. plant operators [incl. Sewage Plant Operator] 8 VI
8170 AUTOMATED ASSEMBLY-LINE & INDUSTRIAL-ROBOT OPER-TORS 8 VI
8171 Automated assembly-line operators 8 VI
8172 Industrial-robot operators 8 VI
8200 MACHINE OPERATORS & ASSEMBLERS 9 VIIa
8210 METAL- & MINERAL-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8211 Machine-tool operators [incl. Machine Operator nfs] 9 VIIa
8212 Cement & other mineral products machine operators 9 VIIa
8220 CHEMICAL-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8221 Pharmaceutical & toiletry products machine operators 9 VIIa
8222 Ammunition & explosive-products machine operators 9 VIIa
8223 Metal-nishing, -plating, & -coating machine operators [incl. Electroplater, Fettler] 9 VIIa
8224 Photographic-products machine operators 9 VIIa
8229 Chemical-products machine operators nec 9 VIIa
8230 RUBBER- & PLASTIC-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8231 Rubber-products machine operators 9 VIIa
8232 Plastic-products machine operators 9 VIIa
8240 WOOD-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8250 PRINTING, BINDING & PAPER-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERA-TORS 9 VIIa
8251 Printing-machine operators 9 VIIa
8252 Bookbinding-machine operators 9 VIIa
8253 Paper-products machine operators 9 VIIa
8260 TEXTILE, FUR & LEATHER-PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8261 Fiber-preparing, spinning & winding machine operators 9 VIIa
8262 Weaving- & knitting-machine operators 9 VIIa
42
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
8263 Sewing-machine operators 9 VIIa
8264 Bleaching-, dyeing- & cleaning-machine operators [incl. Launderer] 9 VIIa
8265 Fur- & leather-preparing-maching operators 9 VIIa
8266 Shoemaking-, etc. machine operators 9 VIIa
8269 Textile, fur & leather-products machine operators nec 9 VIIa
8270 FOOD, ETC. PRODUCTS MACHINE OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8271 Meat- & sh-processing machine operators 9 VIIa
8272 Dairy-products machine operators 9 VIIa
8273 Grain- & spice-milling machine operators 9 VIIa
8274 Baked-goods cereal & chocolate products machine operators 9 VIIa
8275 Fruit-, vegetable- & nut-processing machine operators 9 VIIa
8276 Sugar-production machine operators 9 VIIa
8277 Tea-, coffee- & cocoa-processing machine operators 9 VIIa
8278 Brewers-, wine & other beverage machine operators 9 VIIa
8279 Tobacco-production machine operators 9 VIIa
8280 ASSEMBLERS 9 VIIa
8281 Mechanical-machinery assemblers [incl. Car Assembly-Line Worker] 9 VIIa
8282 Electrical-equipment assemblers 9 VIIa
8283 Electronic-equipment assemblers 9 VIIa
8284 Metal, rubber & plastic products assemblers 9 VIIa
8285 Wood, etc. products assemblers 9 VIIa
8286 Paperboard, textile, etc. products assemblers 9 VIIa
8290 OTHER MACHINE OPERATORS & ASSEMBLERS 9 VIIa
8300 DRIVERS & MOBILE-PLANT OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8310 LOCOMOTIVE-ENGINE DRIVERS, ETC. WORKERS 9 VIIa
8311 Locomotive-engine drivers 8 VI
8312 Railway brakers signalers & shunters 9 VIIa
8320 MOTOR-VEHICLE DRIVERS [incl. Driver nfs] 9 VIIa
8321 Motorcycle drivers 9 VIIa
8322 Car, taxi & van drivers [incl. Taxi Owner nfs] 9 VIIa
8323 Bus & tram drivers 9 VIIa
8324 Heavy truck & lorry drivers 9 VIIa
8330 AGRICULTURAL & OTHER MOBILE PLANT OPERATORS 9 VIIa
8331 Motorized farm & forestry plant operators [incl. Tractor Driver, Combine Harvester Operator] 10 VIIb
8332 Earth-moving, etc. plant operators [incl. Bulldozer Driver, Dredge Operator, Road-Roller Driver] 8 VI
8333 Crane, hoist, etc. plant operators 8 VI
8334 Lifting-truck operators 9 VIIa
8340 SHIPS DECK CREWS, ETC. WORKERS [incl. Boatman, Deck Hand, Sailor, Ship Deck Ratings] 9 VIIa
8400 SEMISKILLED WORKERS NFS [incl. Production Process Worker nfs, Factory Worker nfs] 9 VIIa
9000 ELEMENTARY OCCUPATIONS 9 VIIa
9100 SALES & SERVICES ELEMENTARY OCCUPATIONS 3 III
9110 STREET VENDORS, ETC. WORKERS 3 III
9111 Street food vendors 3 III
9112 Street vendors nonfood products [incl. Hawker, Peddler, Newsvendor, Rag Picker, Scavenger] 3 III
9113 Door-to-door & telephone salespersons [incl. Solicitor, Canvasser] 3 III
9120 STREET SERVICES ELEMENTARY OCCUPATIONS [incl. Billposter, Shoeshiner, Car Window Washer] 9 VIIa
9130 DOMESTIC, ETC. HELPERS, CLEANERS & LAUNDERERS 9 VIIa
9131 Domestic helpers & cleaners [incl. Housemaid, Housekeeper nfs] 9 VIIa
9132 Helpers & cleaners in establishments [Kitchen Hand, Chambermaid] 9 VIIa
9133 Hand-launderers & pressers 9 VIIa
9140 BUILDING CARETAKERS, WINDOW, ETC. CLEANERS 9 VIIa
9141 Building caretakers [incl. Janitor, Sexton, Verger] 9 VIIa
43
Original coding Coded by EGP
International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO) Goldthorpe Scale
value Description value Description
9142 Vehicle, window, etc. cleaners 9 VIIa
9150 MESSENGERS, PORTERS, DOORKEEPERS, ETC. WORKERS 9 VIIa
9151 Messengers, package & luggage porters & deliverers [incl. Elevator Attendant, Bellboy, Messenger] 9 VIIa
Doorkeepers, watchpersons, etc. workers [incl. Amusement Park Attendant, Ticket Collector, Usher, Watchman nfs, Park
9152 9 VIIa
Attendant]
9153 Vending-maching money collectors, meter readers, etc. workers 9 VIIa
9160 GARBAGE COLLECTORS, ETC. LABORERS 9 VIIa
9161 Garbage collectors [incl. Dustman] 9 VIIa
9162 Sweepers, etc. laborers [incl. Odd-Job Worker] 9 VIIa
9200 AGRICULTURAL, FISHERY, ETC. LABORERS 9 VIIa
9210 AGRICULTURAL, FISHERY, ETC. LABORERS 10 VIIb
9211 Farm-hands & laborers [incl. Cow Herd, Farm Helper, Fruit Picker] 10 VIIb
9212 Forestry laborers 10 VIIb
9213 Fishery, hunting & trapping laborers 10 VIIb
9300 LABORERS IN MINING, CONSTRUCTION, MANUFACTURING & TRANSPORT [incl. Unskilled Worker nfs] 9 VIIa
9310 MINING & CONSTRUCTION LABORERS 9 VIIa
9311 Mining & quarrying laborers 9 VIIa
9312 Construction & maintenance laborers: roads, dams, etc. [incl. Navvy, Shoveller, Railway Trackworker] 9 VIIa
9313 Building construction laborers [incl. Handyman, Hod Carrier] 9 VIIa
9320 MANUFACTURING LABORERS 9 VIIa
9321 Assembling laborers [incl. Sorter, Bottle Sorter, Winder, Checker nfs, Grader nfs] 9 VIIa
9322 Handpackers & other manufacturing laborers [incl. Crater, Labeler] 9 VIIa
9330 TRANSPORT LABORERS & FREIGHT HANDLERS 9 VIIa
9331 Hand or pedal vehicle drivers [incl. Rickshaw Driver] 9 VIIa
9332 Drivers of animal-drawn vehicles & machinery 9 VIIa
9333 Freight handlers [incl. Docker, Loader, Longshoreman, Remover, Stevedore] 9 VIIa

The EGP Class Categories


Erikson and Goldthorpe classification (occ-gold) Extended application
Code Class name Description Elite vs. Mass White vs. Blue collar
1 I Higher service Includes mostly professionals, large
enterprise employers and higher
managers(>10 subordinates) 1
1 elite
2 II Lower service Includes mostly associate professionals, Non-manual
lower managers (110 subordinates), White collar workers
higher sales
3 III Routine clerical /sales Includes routine clerical and sales workers
4 IVa Small employers Includes small entrepreneurs (110
subordinates)
5 IVb Independent Own account workers, no employee s
7 V Manual foremen Manual workers with supervisory status
(>1 subordinate)
8 VI Skilled manual Mostly craft workers, some skilled service,
2
and skilled machine operators 2 mass
Manual
9 VIIa Semi-Unskilled manual Mostly machine operators, elementary
Blue collar workers
laborers, elementary sales and services
10 VIIb Farm workers Employed farm workers, irrespective of
skill level; also family farm workers
11 IVc Farmers/Farm Self-employed and supervisory farm
managers workers, irrespective of skill level
12 VIII Not working
Note: Roman numerals refer to Erikson and Goldthorpe (1992, pp. 2839).

44