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Pengertian Analytical Exposition Text

Analytical exposition text adalah jenis teks yang termasuk ke dalam jenis Argumentation
Text dimana teks tersebut berisi tentang pemikiran terperinci penulis tentang sebuah kejadian
atau peristiwa yang ada di sekitar.

B. Tujuan Komunikatif Analytical Exposition Text

Tujuan komunikatif dari analytical exposition text adalah untuk meyakinkan pembaca bahwa
topik yang dihadirkan adalah topik yang penting untuk dibahas atau mendapat perhatian
dengan cara pemberian argumen-argumen atau pendapat-pendapat yang mendukung ide
pokok atau topik tersebut.

C. Struktur Kebahasaan Analytical Exposition

Struktur kebahasaan analytical exposition text terdiri dari tiga bagian yaitu:

1. Thesis

Di bagian Thesis, penulis memperkenalkan topik atau ide pokok yang akan dibahas.
Thesis selalu berada di paragraf pertama dalam analytical exposition text.

2. Argument

Di bagian ini penulis menghadirkan argumen-argumen atau pendapat-pendapat yang

mendukung ide pokok penulis teks tersebut. Biasanya dalam sebuah analytical
exposition text terdapat lebih dari dua argumen. Semakin banyak argumen yang
ditampilkan, semakin membuat pembaca percaya bahwa topik yang dibahas oleh
penulis adalah topik yang sangat penting atau membutuhkan perhatian.

3. Reiteration

Bagian ini merupakan bagian penutup dari sebuah analytical exposition text yang
selalu terletak di akhir paragraf. Reiteration berisi penulisan kembali atau penempatan
kembali ide pokok yang terdapat di paragraf pertama. Reiteration juga biasa disebut
dengan conclusion atau kesimpulan.

D. Ciri Kebahasaan Analytical Exposition

Dalam sebuah analytical exposition text, terdapat beberapa ciri-ciri kebahasaan seperti di
bawah ini, yaitu:

menggunakan simple present

mengunakan reltional process
menggunakan internal conjunction
menggunakan casual conjuction
Cars Should Be Banned

Cars should be banned in the city. As we all know, cars create pollution, and cause a
lot of road deaths and other accidents.

(Argument 1)
Firstly, cars, as we all know, give contribution to the most of the pollution in the
world. Cars emit deadly gas that causes illness such as bronchitis, lung cancer, and
triggers off asthma. Some of these illnesses are so bad that people can die from

(Argument 2)
Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians wander everywhere and cars commonly
hit pedestrains in the city, which causes them to die. Cars today are our roads biggest

(Argument 3)
Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it hard to sleep at
night, or to concentrate on your homework, and especially when you talk to someone.

In conclusion, cars should be benned from the city for the reason listed.


Mobil harus dilarang di kota. Seperti yang kita ketahui, mobil membuat polisi
dan membuat banyak kematian di jalan dan kecelakaan.

Pertama, mobil, sebagai mana kita ketahui, menyumbang polusi terbanyak di

dunia. Mobil mengeluarkan gas mematikan yang menyebabkan penyakit
seperti bronchitis, kanker paru-paru, dan pemicu asthma. Beberapa penyakit
tersebut sangatlah buruk bagi manusia yang bisa menyebabkan kematian.

Yang kedua, kota sangatlah sibuk. Pejalan kaki berjalan ke mana-mana dan
mobil umumnya menabrak pejalan kaki di kota, yang menyebabkan kematian.
Mobil hari ini adalah pembunuh terbesar di jalan.

Yang ketiga, mobil sangatlah berisik. Jika kamu tinggal di kota, kamu
mungkin akan menjumpai sangat lah susah untuk tidur di malam hari atau
untuk berkonsentrasi pada pekerjaan rumah kalian, dan khususnya ketika
kamu berbicara kepada seseorang.

Kesimpulannya, mobil harus dilarang dari kota berdasarkan alasan tersebut.

1. Analytical Exposition Text The Importance of Library

Teks analitical exposition tentang pentingnya perpustakaan

I personally believe that libraries are among humanitys most important institutions for
several reasons.
Firstly, most of humanitys collective knowledge is stored in libraries. Secondly, libraries
protect and preserve this knowledge. They also classify or group the materials into logical
and easily available divisions.
Furthermore, libraries make the materials available to everyone and even provide librarians to
help us find what we need.
Finally, libraries are our link to the past and our gift to the future.
From the facts above, I conclude that libraries are important institutions for humanity.
2. Analytical Exposition Text Weather Related Problem

Teks analytical exposition tentang bahaya cuaca extrem

Every year thousands of people die, due to weather related problems. It can happen in both
winter and in summer. Lets examine the causes for a moment.
The year 2003 was a time of extreme cold in the winter. Extreme, that is by European
standards. In Britain alone, the number of people who died from cold-related illnesses was
described as shameful. Nearly twenty-five thousand people died from illnesses such as
strokes, heart attacks, bronchitis, flu and pneumonia.
In the summer of t he same year, around twenty-three thousand people died in Europe due to
the sizzling temperatures. France was particulary badly hit, with nearly fifteen thousand death
which were related to the sweltering heat. In Britain, the number of heat-related death was
much lower than the number of winter deaths.
It is important to note that government need to give some advices to people on how to protect
their health.
(Adapted from
2. Analytical Exposition Text Building Strong Relationship

Teks analytical exposition tentang pentingya hubungan antar bangsa

Since building Indonesian nation in 1945, Indonesia shared a positive and friendly
relationship with Australia.
In 1947 Australia supported Indonesias struggle for independence by placing embargos on
Dutch supplies, arms and troops. Australian dock workers went on strike and significant
numbers of Australians demonstrated in the streets in support of Indonesian independence.
The Dutch were unable to ship supplies through Australian ports during this period.
Much of the support Australians gave to Indonesians was based on the friendship that
developed between Australian soldiers and the Indonesia people at the end of the Second
World War. There was also a strong anti-imperialist mood among some sections of the
Australian population at that time.
It is significant for Indonesia and Asian neighbors to strengthen the relationship.
Social Media are Bad for Teenagers

Social media Web sites, such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and many others have become
nearly inescapable facets of modern life, particularly for teenagers. Social media is becoming
more than just a part of their world, its becoming their world. Teens are spending more and
more time online, usually on a social media platform like Facebook or Twitter. Most teens
now have smart phones where they are on social media networks all throughout the day. They
are constantly texting, tweeting, and posting pictures via Snapchat and Instagram. However,
hyper-connected to social media could be bad for them.

Today teens dont know how to disconnect. Social media has allowed them to take their life
online from the time they wake up till they back to sleep via their smart phone. One reason
this always connected activity is harmful is because of the alarming trend of cyberbullying.
Bullying has now moved from not only being in the school and on the bus, but online. What
does this mean? If a teen is getting bullied, they cannot get away from it! The people bullying
them simply continue their bullying via social media

A new study has found that teenagers who engage with social media during the night could
be damaging their sleep and increasing their risk of anxiety and depression. Teenagers spoke
about the pressure they felt to make themselves available 24/7, and the resulting anxiety if
they did not respond immediately to texts or posts. Teens are so emotionally invested in
social media that a fifth of secondary school pupils will wake up at night and log on, just to
make sure they dont miss out.

Another impact social media has had on teens is teens being more comfortable online doing
things that they should be more sensitive to doing. A separate study by the National Citizen
Service found that, rather than talking to their parents, girls seek comfort on social media
when they are worried. The survey also suggests that girls are likely to experience stress more
often than boys an average of twice a week.

Social media such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and many others are basically created to
connect everyone around the globe so they can interact and communicate each other.
However, too much exposure of social media can also be bad especially for teenagers. As it
mentioned above, social media could become media for bullying, risk them of anxiety and
depression, and risk their real-life social interaction. Therefore, social media are dangerous
for teenagers health both mentally and emotionally.
Medsos itu Buruk untuk Remaja

Situs-situ media sosial, seperti Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, dan banyak orang lain hamper
telah menjadi bagian dari kehidupan moderan yang tak terhindarkan, khususnya untuk
remaja. Media sosial menjadi lebih dari sekedar bagian dari dunia mereka, itu menjadi dunia
mereka. Remaja menghabiskan lebih banyak waktunya online, biasanya pada platform media
sosial seperti Facebook atau Twitter. Kebanyakan remaja sekarang memiliki ponsel pintar di
mana mereka berada di jaringan media sosial sepanjang hari. Mereka terus-menerus
mengirim SMS, tweeting, dan posting gambar melalui snapchat dan Instagram. Namun,
penggunaan media sosial berlebihan bisa berdampak buruk bagi mereka.

Hari ini remaja tidak tahu bagaimana untuk tidak terhubung dengan meida sosial. Media
sosial telah telah mengambil hidup mereka secara online dari waktu mereka bangun sampai
mereka kembali tidur melalui ponsel pintar mereka. Salah satu alasan aktivitas "selalu
terhubung" ini beigut berbahaya karena tren yang mengkhawatirkan dari cyberbullying.
Bullying sekarang telah pindah dari tidak hanya berada di sekolah dan di bus, tapi sekarang
terjadi secara online. Apa artinya ini? Jika seorang remaja mendapatkan bullying, mereka
tidak bisa lepas dari itu! Orang-orang yang membully akan lanjut membully mereka melalui
media social.

Sebuah studi baru menemukan bahwa remaja yang terlibat dengan media sosial pada malam
hari bisa merusak tidur mereka dan meningkatkan risiko kecemasan dan depresi. Remaja
berbicara tentang depresi yang mereka rasakan ketika mereka harus ada 24 jam seminggu,
sedangkan kecemasan yang mereka rasakan jika mereka tidak segera merespon teks atau
tulisan. Remaja begitu emosional saat mereka menghabiskan waktu di media sosial dimana
seperlima dari siswa sekolah menengah akan bangun di malam hari dan membuka situs
media sosila mereka hanya untuk memastikan mereka tidak kehilangan berita atau status.

Dampak lain media sosial telah di remaja adalah remaja menjadi lebih nyaman melakukan
hal-hal sensitive tertentu secara online dengan melakukannya secara langsung. Sebuah studi
terpisah oleh National Citizen Service menemukan bahwa, remaja perempuan lebih nyaman
curhat pada media social ketika merka merasa khawatir daripada berbicara dengan orang tua
mereka. Survei tersebut juga menunjukkan bahwa perempuan cenderung mengalami stres
lebih sering daripada anak laki-laki - rata-rata dua kali seminggu.

Media sosial seperti Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, dan banyak yang lainnya pada dasarnya
dibuat untuk menghubungkan semua orang di seluruh dunia sehingga mereka dapat
berinteraksi dan berkomunikasi satu sama lain. Namun, terlalu banyak menggunakan media
sosial juga bisa berdampak buruk terutama bagi remaja. Seperti disebutkan di atas, media
sosial bisa menjadi media bullying, beresiko membuat remaja cemas dan depresi, dan
beresiko meninggalkan interaksi sosial kehidupan nyata mereka. Oleh karena itu, media
sosial berbahaya bagi kesehatan remaja secara mental dan emosional.
Pengertian dan Tujuan Analytical Exposition

Pengertian atau definisi analytical exposition text sebenarnya sangat mudah dipahami. Secara
bahasa, Analytical bermakna, examining or liking to examine things very carefully
(Cambridge). Artinya, (suka memeriksa / menguji sesuatu secara hati-hati). Sedangkan
makna exposition sendiri sudah pernah saya jelaskan pada tulisan tentang hortatory
exposition, yaitu a comprehensive description atau penjelasan secara luas.

Dengan demikian, pengertian Analytical Exposition bisa dipahami sebagai text yang
mencoba memberikan penjelasan secara komprehensif tentang suatu masalah dengan
menampilkan pendapat-pendapat pendukung secara hati-hati.

Sedangkan tujuan utama analytical exposition text ini adalah, to attempt to persuade the
reader to believe something by presenting one side of the argument. Artinya mencoba
meyakinkan pembaca agar mempercayai sesuatu dengan memberikan satu sisi pendapat

Mengacu pada tujuan analytical exposition ini, hal ini tidak bermakna bahwa dalam
analytical exposition berisi satu argumen saja, akan tetapi berisi berbagai argumen yang
memiliki tujuan sama.

Generic Structure Analytical Exposition Text

Perbedaan susunan antara hortatory exposition dengan analytical exposition hanyalah pada
struktur terakhirnya saja. Jika hortatory exposition diakhiri dengan recommendation,
analytical expostion diakhiri dengan conclusion. Untuk lebih jelasnya mari kita simak di
bawah ini:

Seperti pada jenis teks lainnya, thesis ini berisi pandangan penulis tentang suatu masalah
secara lebih sederhana. Untuk lebih jelasnya silahkan baca penjelasan mengenai thesis
statemen pada teks hortatory.

Series of Argument
Series of Argument berisi beberapa penjelasan lanjutan dari keterangan sederhana dalam
thesis statement. Ketika menulis argument ini, diusahakan agar lebih teliti lagi karena pada
bagian inilah sebuah tulisan bisa mempengaruhi pembaca. Jika perlu, sertakan pendapat
menurut para ahli.

Conclusion sering juga disebut dengan reiteration. Pada bagian ini, kita hanya dituntut untuk
menyimpulkan, atau lebih sederhananya kita mengungkapkan kembali apa yang dijelaskan
pada thesis statement.

Purpose of Analytical Exposition Text

To analyze a topic and to persuade the reader that this opinion is correct and supported by
To convince the reader that the topics presented was an important topic to be discussed or
gained attention by way of providing arguments or opinions that support the main idea or

Language Feature of Analytical exposition Text:

Using Simple Present Tense

ada beberapa agument yang diawali dengan, firstly, secondly, thirdly..
Ada frase berikut :
From the fact above
I personally believe .
Therefore, my conclusion is .
In conclusion

Contoh Analytical Expositon

Career in Translation

Functionally, translation is transferring the message or the meaning

and not the word. According to Nida, such translation is called dynamic equivalence
translation. It tries to bring the precise message in different language.

Many people like to watch Hollywood movie but many get trouble in understanding to the
actors dialogue. So the way they get the understanding about the movie is reading the
translating text running. If Hindi translation is provided, it will bring the better understanding
for Indian moviegoer. Hollywood movie spread over other Asia countries. Therefore, Arabic
translation, Indonesian translation and Farsi translation are widely needed and that is a big
chance for English master in that countries.

India is likely being an English speaking country. India translation will grow better and. It
seems Indonesia, Malaysia and Filipina will reach that mark too soon. Translation job will be
great in amount and that is good development for translating job seekers.


Karir di Menerjemahkan

Secara fungsional, menerjemahankan berarti mentransfer pesan atau makna dan bukan kata.
Menurut Nida, terjemahan tersebut disebut terjemahan ekuivalensi dinamis ketika akan
mencoba untuk membawa pesan yang tepat dalam bahasa yang berbeda.
Banyak orang suka menonton film Hollywood tetapi banyak mendapatkan kesulitan dalam
memahami dialog para aktor. Jadi cara mereka mendapatkan pemahaman tentang film adalah
membaca teks terjemahan yang berjalan. Jika terjemahan bahasa Hindi disediakan, itu akan
membawa pemahaman yang lebih baik untuk penonton bioskop India. Film-film Hollywood
menyebar di negara-negara Asia lainnya. Oleh karena itu, terjemahan bahasa Arab, bahasa
Indonesia dan terjemahan baasa Farsi secara luas diperlukan dan itu merupakan kesempatan
besar untuk orang yang mahir bahasa Inggris di negara-negara itu.

India kemungkinan menjadi negara berbahasa Inggris. Menerjemakan ke bahasa India akan
tumbuh lebih baik dan tampaknya Indonesia, Malaysia dan Filipina akan mencapai hal yang
sama kemudian. Pekerjaan menerjemahkan akan menjadi besar dalam jumlah dan itu
merupakan perkembangan yang baik untuk pencari kerja penerjemah.
Contoh Analytical Exposition Text Tentang Fast Food


Everyone should think twice before deciding to eat fast food. There are many health risks
when it comes to eating food thats made within a matter of seconds.


The food is not properly taken care of, which leads all the way back to where the food is
originally produced.


The health risks that come from eating so much fast food are life-threatening. Obesity can
come from eating fast food thats bought often.


However, fast food is one of the easiest and cheapest ways of eating. It saves a lot of time and
money, especially for people who are coming home from work. There are many health risks
when it comes to eating food, so think twice before eating fast food.

Contoh Analytical Exposition Text About Smoking should Be Banned In Public Area


Have you ever come home with the stench of smoke clinging to your clothes? Or inhaled a
cloud of smoke as a group of smokers passed, causing you to cough and choke? Neither
experience is pleasant, and this is why smoking should be banned in public areas.


Many countries today have laws that prohibit smoking in public places. It is because smoking
affects not only the person who smoke but also non smokers as well.


Secondhand smoke is the third leading cause of preventable death (after active smoking and
alcohol), according to the Manitoba Medical Association. They also say that the smoke
contains over 4,000 chemicals, 50 of which are known to be cancer-related.


Secondhand smoke has been linked to heart and respiratory disease; lung, breast, cervical,
and nasal sinus cancers; strokes and miscarriages.

In children, dangers include sudden infant death syndrome, fetal growth impairment,
bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma and middle-ear disease.


Smoking is a dangerous habit that not only affects the smoker, but those around him or her.
Banning the smoking in public will keep non-smokers safer. People who smoke subject
themselves to deadly diseases by choice. Why should non-smokers be forced to be around it

Contoh Analytical Exposition Text Tentang Internet Dan Pendidikan


The impact of internet in education has been far reaching and still developing. It has created
instant access to a wide variety of research information to help students learn.


Nowadays, internet access has created the potential for students to learn new material easily.
The time students have at class is limited, so the teacher sometimes cannot give all the
explanation needed. In this case, internet can help students to get more explanation.


Internet has become now way of life. In the future, on students working life, they will have
to use internet. So it is wise for the teacher to give assignment which related to it. For
example, teacher can ask students to give the assignment via e-mail.


Internet has big impact on education. There are many positive things students and teacher can
get from it.

Analytical exposition text is a text that elaborates the writers idea about the phenomenon



To persuade the reader or listener that there is something that, certainly, needs to get
To analyze a topic and to persuade the reader that this opinion is correct and
supported by arguments

Examples: argumentative essay, exploratory essay

Generic Structure:

1. Thesis : Introduces the topic and shows speaker or writers position; Outlines of the
arguments to be presented.
2. Arguments : It consists about Point and Elaboration Point, states the main argument.
Elaboration: develops and supports each point of argument
3. Conclusion : Reiteration (restatement), restates speaker or writers position

Language Features:

Focus on generic human and non human participants.

Use mental processes. It is used to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels
about something, for example: realize, feel, etc.
Need material processes. It is used to state what happens, for example: has polluted,
Use of simple present tense.
Use of relational processes.
Use of internal conjunction to state argument.
Reasoning through casual conjunction or nominalization.

Cars should be banned in the city

Thesis Cars should be banned in the city. As we all know, cars create pollution,
and cause a lot of road deaths and other accidents.

Arguments Firstly, cars, as we all know, contribute to most of the pollution in the
world.Cars emit a deadly gas that causes illnesses such as bronchitis, lung
cancer, and triggers off asthma. Some of these illnesses are so bad that
people can die from them.Secondly, the city is very busy. Pedestrians
wander everywhere and cars commonly hit pedestrians in the city, which
causes them to die. Cars today are our roads biggest killers.

Thirdly, cars are very noisy. If you live in the city, you may find it hard to
sleep at night, or concentrate on your homework, and especially talk to
Reiteration In conclusion, cars should be banned from the city for the reasons listed.

Laptop as Students Friend

Conventionally, students need book, pen, eraser, drawing book, ruler and such other stuff.
Additionally, in this multimedia era, students need more to reach their progressive
development. Students need mobile keyboards to record every presented subject easily. Of
course it will need more cost but it will deserve for its function.

First, modern schools tend to apply fast transferring knowledge because the school needs to
catch the target of curriculum. Every subject will tend to be given in demonstrative method.
Consequently students need extra media cover the subject. Since there is a laptop on every
students desk, this method will help student to get better understanding.

Secondly, finding an appropriate laptop is not difficult as it was. Recently there is an online
shop which provides comprehensive information. The best is that the shop has service of
online shopping. The students just need to brows that online shop, decide which computer or
laptop they need, and then complete the transaction. After that the laptop will be delivered to
the students houses. That is really easy and save time and money.

From all of that, having mobile computer is absolutely useful for students who want to catch
the best result for their study. Buying laptop online is advisable because it will cut the price.
This online way is recommended since online shop also provides several laptop types.
Students just need to decide which type they really need.

1. Is Smoking Good for Us?

Before we are going to smoke, it is better to look at the fact. About 50 thousands people die
every year in Britain as direct result of smoking. This is seven times as many as die in road
accidents. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases caused by smoking.

Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. If we smoke five cigarettes a day, we
are six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non smoker. If we smoke twenty
cigarettes a day, the risk is nineteen greater. Ninety five percent of people who suffer of
bronchitis are people who are smoking. Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of
heart disease than non smokers.

Additionally, children of smoker are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. In one
hour in smoky room, non smoker breathes as much as substance causing cancer as if he had
smoked fifteen cigarettes.

Smoking is really good for tobacco companies because they do make much money from
smoking habit. Smoking however is not good for every body else.

Notes on the generic structure:

From the generic structure, what make big different is that analytical exposition ends with
paragraph to strengthen the thesis while hortatory makes a recommendation for readers.

Thesis: This pre-conclusive paragraph states the writers point of view about the topic
discussed. Writer has show himself in clear position of the discussed topic. Paragraph 1 is the
thesis of this analytical exposition text. It states the fact of the very fatal impact of the
smoking habit. Clearly the writer wants to say that smoking is not a good habit.

Arguments: Presenting arguments in analytical exposition text is as important as giving

conflict plot in narrative text. The series of argument will strengthen the thesis stated before.
In this example of analytical exposition text, paragraph 2 and 3 are the detail arguments
presented in a reporting fact to support that smoking is not good even for smokers
themselves. Furthermore, people who do not smoke but they are in smoky area have the bad
effect too from the smoking habit.

Reiteration: This end paragraph actually is restating the thesis. It is something like
conclusive paragraph from the previous arguments. The last paragraph of this example of
analytical exposition points again that smoking is not good for smokers and people around
smokers. However smoking is very good for Cigarette Companies
Read the following text to answer questions number 1 to 3.
The government should Provide rehabilitation Program for Drug Users

Drug users are actually ill people who need help. Rehabilitation is one of the main things they
should get. Instead of punishing drug users in prisons, the government should provide
rehabilitation for them.

Most users are actually victims of persuasive peddlers and they suffer from consuming the
drugs. Therefore, by rehabilitating them, we are actually helping them out from traps, which
they might accidentally step on.

If we only arrest drug users and send them to jail, this doesn't solve the problem as drug users
will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to them. Providing rehabilitation
programs for drug users and forcing them to participate in the programs is better than only
arresting them and doing nothing to their illness. Only drug dealers, traffickers, and
wholesalers should be imprisoned.
1. Most drug users get drugs from ....

A. Jails
B. Peddlers
C. Traffickers
D. Wholesalers
E. Rehabilitation center

2. Sending the drug users to prison is not a good solution because ....

A. They can't consume harmful drugs

B. They are treated normally
C. They may still be infected with harmful drugs
D. They can be freed as soon as possible
E. They are given the whole recovery program

3. "...drug users will still be addicted unless proper rehabilitation is imposed to them."
(Paragraph 3) The underlined word is closest in meaning to ....

A. Influenced
B. Treated
C. Forced
D. Burdened
E. Implemented

Read the following text to answer questions number 4 to 6.

Everybody should change their way of life to reduce global warming. There are several
things that we can do. One of them is by buying and consuming fresh local groceries as much
as possible. It of course includes local vegetables, fruits, bread, etc.

Local groceries dont need much transportation to get it into the market. It of course means,
the amount of carbon dioxide produced is less than the groceries from other region.
Therefore, by buying local groceries we are helping reduce the amount of carbon dioxide

Consuming fresh groceries instead of frozen ones are healthier for us. Furthermore, fresh
food or groceries means no requirements for it to be freeze up. It means that no electricity is
needed and saving energy means reducing carbon dioxide and money.

So, from now on we should consume fresh local groceries to reduce global warming.
4. The text gives us information about .

A. The ways to minimize global warning

B. The ways to increase global warning
C. The effects of global warning
D. The importance of consuming local groceries
E. The importance of knowing global warning

5. To reduce the global warming we should .

A. Buy import product

B. Buy expensive clothes
C. Consume frozen foods
D. Consume fresh foods
E. Not use electricity efficiently

6. We are helping reduce the amount of global warming (Paragraph 2) The underlined word
can be replaced by .

A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Improve
D. Add
E. Maximize

Read the following text to answer questions number 7 to 10.

The use of formalin and other dangerous preservatives in food has been serious problem for
three reasons. Firstly, formalin is not for human beings, but it is for biological specimens and
experiments. Formalin in Biology is a 10% solution of formaldehyde in water which is
usually used as a disinfectant or to preserve biological specimens. Thus, it is not for food
preservatives. Of course when it is used for food preservative, it will be very dangerous to
humans body.

The second reason is that there is no tight control from the government. This condition makes
the peoples health is really in a threat. When the control is weak and the use formalin was
spread wide all over the Indonesian regions, and these days it has really happened, the
citizen's bodies will be badly contaminated with the poisons. Fish or food traders still sell
their products which contain formalin and dangerous preservatives. Can you imagine that our
digestive system absorbs the substance that should be for the human and animal corpses?

Considering the reasons, we can make a conclusion that the use of formalin and other
preservatives is really a serious problem if it is not resolved immediately.
7. Why is formalin dangerous for human`s body?

A. It is not food preservatives

B. It is a disinfectant for human beings
C. It is used to preserve biological specimens
D. It is 10% solution of formaldehyde in water
E. It is controlled flighty from the government

8. The main idea of paragraph two is ....

A. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin

B. The government has not controlled the use of formalin firmly
C. The weak control of using formalin is not threatening the human
D. The human`s bodies will be harmful after consuming the formalin
E. The use of formalin is known all over the regions

9. Based on the facts above, the writer suggest that ... .

A. People have to avoid consuming formalin in their food

B. The use of formal dehyde is necessary to control the food
C. People should add 100% solution of formaldehyde in water
D. The food preservative is required to make the food delicious
E. Food seller is supposed to pour formalin for vegetables and food products

10. What is the generic structure of the text?

A. Arguments-Recommendation-Thesis
B. Thesis-Argument-Recommendation
C. Thesis-Argument-Reiteration
D. Thesis-Supporting Points-Contrasting Points-Reiteration
E. Reiteration-Arguments-Thesis

School Uniform, Another Good Lesson

School uniform is special clothes worn by all students of a particular school. The
uniform of a school may differ from others. Why should schools use uniforms? Below are
some reasons.
First of all, Notre Dames Department of Sociology produced a study in 1998
concerning school uniforms. Their findings using 10th grade students showed that uniforms
have no direct effect on substance abuse, behavioral problems or
attendance. It also claimed a negative effect on student achievements for those students
considered pro-school.
Secondly, uniform helps to create a strong sense school ethos and a sense of
belonging to a particular community. As such it promotes discipline and helps to drive up
academic standards, which is why a uniform is often adopted by schools which are being
reopened with a fresh start after being classified as failing.
Finally, uniform acts as a social leveler, under which all students are equal in the eyes
of the school and of each other. In institutions without uniform students are often competitive
and worry endlessly about their appearance and the clothes they should wear. Pupils without
expensive designer clothes and trainers may be singled out as social outcasts, or stigmatized
as being from poor backgrounds. For these reasons many parents prefer uniforms as they save
them money on buying clothes for school wear. Considering the findings, schools should
implement the uniform as their identity. The government should also publish some kind of
rule which makes uniform compulsory for schools.

9. What is the text about?

a. The school rules (d.) The importance of school uniform
b. The school identity e. The equally among students
c. What we should wear at school
10. In institutions without uniform students, one will be regarded poor because he/she
a. does not wear a school uniform d. posses a bad academic record
b. cannot afford to buy a school uniform e. has a bad attitude at school
(c.) wears no expensive designer clothes
11. As such it promotes discipline and helps to drive up academic standards ..
(Paragraph 3).
What does the underlined word refer?
a. Community c. Research finding (e.) Uniform
b. School ethos d. A study
12. The last paragraph is about .
(a.) The writers suggestion d. The writers general statement
b. The writers arguments e. The writers thesis
c. The writers reasons
13. . Substance abuse, behavioral problems or attendance. (Paragraph 2)
The antonym of the underlined word is ..
a. arrival c. appearance e. absence
b. come up (d.) Presence