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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00

HSS9860 Feature Description


(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

Issue V 1.0
Date 2014-01-22

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2011. All rights reserved.
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Notice
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


Address: Huawei Industrial Base
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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

Contents

1 Basic Features ............................................................................................................................ 5


1.1 Common Features of the 2G/3G/LTE............................................................................... 5
1.1.1 WHFD-403000 O&M Functions ...................................................................................... 5
1.1.2 WHFD-404000 Message Tracing Management ............................................................. 13
1.1.3 WHFD-405000 Reliability Functions ............................................................................ 16
1.1.4 WHFD-405300 HLR Integrate with HSS ...................................................................... 28
1.2 Features of the 2G/3G .................................................................................................... 28
1.2.1 WHFD-200100 Teleservices .......................................................................................... 28
1.2.2 WHFD-200200 Supplementary Services ....................................................................... 32
1.2.3 WHFD-200300 ODB Services ....................................................................................... 47
1.2.4 WHFD-200400 Other Functions .................................................................................... 59
1.2.5 WHFD-200500 Mobility Management .......................................................................... 63
1.2.6 WHFD-200600 Call Processing Functions .................................................................... 73
1.2.7 WHFD-200700 Supplementary Service Management ................................................... 76
1.2.8 WHFD-200800 Protocols and Interfaces ....................................................................... 81
1.3 Features of the LTE ........................................................................................................ 83
1.3.1 WHFD-401000 LTE Mobility Management .................................................................. 83
1.3.2 WHFD-402000 Protocols and Interfaces ....................................................................... 90

2 Optional Features ................................................................................................................... 95


2.1 Common Features of the 2G/3G/LTE............................................................................. 95
2.1.1 WHFD-410100 Service-Specific Functions ................................................................... 95
2.1.2 WHFD-219000 Authentication Center Function(AUC) ................................................. 96
2.1.3 WHFD-210210 Seamless Geographic Redundancy Solution of the HSS9860 ............ 104
2.1.4 WHFD-210220 N+1 Compatibility Redundancy Solution .......................................... 106
2.1.5 WHFD-210230 Automatic FE Switchover ................................................................... 107
2.2 Features of the 2G/3G .................................................................................................. 107
2.2.1 WHFD-211000 CS Data Services ................................................................................ 107
2.2.2 WHFD-212000 GPRS Services ................................................................................... 109
2.2.3 WHFD-213000 Supplementary Services ..................................................................... 112
2.2.4 WHFD-214000 CAMEL Services ................................................................................ 118
2.2.5 WHFD-215000 Other Services and Functions ............................................................. 122
2.2.6 WHFD-216000 Mobility Services ............................................................................... 127

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2.2.7 WHFD-217000 Networking Functions ........................................................................ 129


2.2.8 WHFD-218000 Enhanced Functions ........................................................................... 135
2.2.9 WHFD-219000 Authentication Center Function(AUC) ............................................... 168
2.2.10 WHFD-220000 Machine to Machine communications(M2M) .................................... 170
2.3 Features of the LTE ...................................................................................................... 172
2.3.1 WHFD-410102 Wildcard APN..................................................................................... 172
2.3.2 WHFD-410103 IMSI Replacing .................................................................................. 172
2.3.3 WHFD-410104 Inter-working with HLR ..................................................................... 173
2.3.4 WHFD-410200 Roaming-Specific Functions .............................................................. 175
2.3.5 WHFD-410106 Auto-Provisioning for LTE ................................................................. 184
2.3.6 WHFD-410300 Supporting of VoLTE .......................................................................... 186
2.3.7 WHFD-410400 EPS domain-based Global Tracing Function ....... Error! Bookmark not
defined.
2.3.8 WHFD-410500 Authentication Center ............................Error! Bookmark not defined.
2.3.9 WHFD-410600 SCTP Multi-Homing .............................Error! Bookmark not defined.

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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

1 Basic Features

1.1 Common Features of the 2G/3G/LTE


1.1.1 WHFD-403000 O&M Functions
For the convenience of operation and maintenance, the SAE-HSS provides the following
operation and maintenance functions:
Security Management
Performance Management
Fault Management
Configuration Management
Equipment Management

1.1.1.1 WHFD-403010 Security Management


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The security management function allows you to assign operation rights to an operator or a
workstation to protect the system against unauthorized access or operations.
The SAE-HSS allows you to assign operation rights based on command groups. A command
group is comprised of a set of commands according to certain rules. The SAE-HSS supports
32 command groups. Command groups ranging from 10 to 31 are user-defined; the other
command groups are default groups and cannot be modified. You can assign operation rights
to an operator or a workstation by configuring command groups.
The SAE-HSS provides level-based management for operators and workstations. Different
operators and workstations are assigned different operation rights. This mechanism can
prevent unauthorized operations and improve system security.
In addition, the SAE-HSS provides O&M logs for recording the operations and maintenance
conducted by an operator. When problems occur, these logs can help to identify them.
Benefits

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For carriers
This function enables carriers to control access to the system by workstations and operators,
making routine operation and maintenance safer and more flexible.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

Linux security enhancement


Linux security is enhanced in terms of services, password configuration, and file
permissions. Therefore, the system is protected against viruses and service processing is
not adversely affected.
System authority control
Rights
Rights are defined as operations that an operator or workstation. They are assigned to an
operator or a workstation based on command groups.
Operator
An operator is the person who manages or operates the system. The operators are graded
according to the levels shown in the following table.

Level Rights

Administrator Querying data, maintaining the system,


configuring data, and managing users
Operator Querying data, maintaining the system, and
configuring data
User Querying data and maintaining the system
Guest Querying data
Custom Assigned by administrator-level operators
Command group
A command group is comprised of a set of commands according to certain rules.
There are 32 command groups in total in the system. The following table describes them
all:

Category Operation Right Modification


Allowed

G_ADMIN G_ADMIN contains all the The group name


commands of the system. Only the cannot be changed.
user Admin and administrator-level Commands cannot be
operators are assigned rights to added to or deleted
G_ADMIN. from the command
group.

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Category Operation Right Modification


Allowed
G_OPERA Only administrator-level and The group name
TOR operator-level operators are assigned cannot be changed.
the rights to G_OPERATOR. Commands cannot be
added to or deleted
from the command
group.
G_USER Only administrator-level, The group name
operator-level, and user-level cannot be changed.
operators are assigned the rights to Commands cannot be
G_USER. added to or deleted
from the command
group.
G_GUEST All operators are authorized rights to The group name
G_GUEST. The guest-level operators cannot be changed.
are assigned rights to G_GUEST. Commands cannot be
added to or deleted
from the command
group.
G_0 to Only Admin, administrator-level The group names
G_9 operators, and NMS operators are cannot be changed.
assigned rights to command groups Commands cannot be
G_0 to G_9. Custom-level operators added to or deleted
are assigned rights to a part of or all from these command
these command groups. groups.
G_10 to Only Admin, administrator-level The group names can
G_31 operators, and NMS operators are be changed.
assigned rights to command groups Commands can be
G_10 to G_31. Custom-level added to or deleted
operators are assigned rights to a part from these command
or all of these command groups. groups.

The following figure shows the relationship between different command groups.

G_ADMIN
G_OPERATOR

G_USER
G_GUEST

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Workstation
A workstation is a computer terminal that is installed with the OMU client and connected
to the OMU server. The SAE-HSS identifies different workstations by IP addresses.
Workstations rights, assigned based on command groups, are graded according to the
four levels shown in the following table.

Level Rights
G_Admin Querying data, maintaining the system,
configuring data, and managing users
G_Operator Querying data, maintaining the system, and
configuring data
G_User Querying data and maintaining the system
G_Guest Querying data
Rights of an operator on a workstation
The rights of an operator on a workstation are the intersection of the rights assigned to
the operator and the rights assigned to the workstation the operator is using. For example,
if an operator has the rights to command groups G_1 and G_2 and the workstation being
used has rights to command groups G_0 and G_1, then that operator can only run the
commands in G_1 on that workstation.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.1.2 WHFD-403020 Performance Management


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

Performance management involves various activities of measuring the performance of a


device and its network such as traffic measurement, system resource measurement, signaling
procedure measurement, and fault management. In the SAE-HSS, the performance
measurement involves system resource measurement and signaling procedure measurement.
In addition to the basic measurement entities, the performance measurement system of the
SAE-HSS allows you to define new measurement entities on the basis of the original
measurement entities. Thus, carriers can collect the required data conveniently and evaluate
the QoS of the network flexibly.
Benefits

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For carriers
This function helps carriers to learn about the running status of the system and take
measures to optimize the network.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

Table 1-1 lists the measurement units provided by the SAE-HSS.

Table 1-1 Measurement units provided by the SAE-HSS

Measurement Type Measurement Unit


CGP Global Measurement CPU Rate Measurement
IP Flow Measurement
Memory Occupancy Rate Measurement
Network Interface State Measurement
Service Measurement ULR and ULA Statistics
AIR and AIA Statistics
CLR and CLA Statistics
IDR and IDA Statistics
DSR and DSA Statistics
PUR and PUA Statistics
NOR and NOA Statistics
RSR and RSA Statistics
MAR and MAA Statistics
SAR and SAA Statistics
RTR and RTA Statistics
PPR and PPA Statistics
Diameter Protocol Message Statistics
S6a Message Statistics
SWx Message Statistics
Signaling and Interface SCTP Protocol Internal Message Statistics
Measurement
SCTP Protocol Global Message Statistics
SCTP Protocol Error Message Statistics

Enhancement
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None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.1.3 WHFD-403030 Fault Management


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The SAE-HSS provides alarm information output. It reports abnormality that occurs during
the system running. The alarms are output to the alarm maintenance terminal or the alarm
box.
Benefits

For carriers
This function enables carriers to identify the faults in the SAE-HSS and adopt preventive
measures accordingly.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The alarms generated on the SAE-HSS can be classified into fault alarms and event alarms.
Generally, the fault alarm is more severe than the event alarm. The fault alarm must be
cleared. The event alarm is generated due to an occasional event. It need not be cleared. Some
event alarms recur at a specified time.
The SAE-HSS enables carriers to implement the following alarm management operations:
Query alarm information at any time, and specify alarm severity, alarm type, and/or
generation time to query alarms.
Conveniently learn about each alarm based on explanatory information contained in the
alarm. Then, the carrier can take corresponding measures to clear the alarm.
Enable or disable alarm shielding manually.
The SAE-HSS provides an alarm box. When an alarm is reported, the alarm box generates
siren to alert the maintenance personnel.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.1.4 WHFD-403040 Configuration Management


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The configuration management function allows you to configure the system, boards, and
interfaces flexibly.
Benefits

For carriers
This function enables carriers to configure the SAE-HSS flexibly and meet various data
configuration requirements.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The configuration management function allows you to configure data online and offline. It
allows you to configure the data by using MML commands. This simplifies data configuration
because you need to only compile the data configuration scripts.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.1.5 WHFD-403050 Equipment Management


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The equipment management function allows you to manage the software and hardware of the
equipment conveniently.

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Benefits

For carriers
This function enables carriers to manage the SAE-HSS conveniently and meet the
requirements of routine operation.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

Hardware management involves the following:


Resetting a board
Switching over services between boards
Loading data to a board
Other related functions
Software management involves the following:
Loading a patch
Activating a patch
Deactivating a patch
Other related functions
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.1.6 WHFD-403060 Pool-Based Network Management


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

This function allows the NMS to manage the SAE-HSS-FE pools on the network in a
centralized way.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature enables carriers to query, manage, and maintain the system information
conveniently.

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For subscribers
N/A
Description

The pool-based O&M function is as follows:


The FEs and BEs are present in different pools on the topology view of the NMS.
The O&M MML commands of the same format are issued to all the FEs or BEs in a
pool.
The performance measurement tasks of all the FEs or BEs in a pool are managed in a
centralized way.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

Implementing this function requires the cooperation of Huawei NMS.

1.1.2 WHFD-404000 Message Tracing Management


Signaling tracing management involves interface signaling tracing and subscriber signaling
tracing.

1.1.2.1 WHFD-404010 Interface Signaling Tracing


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The interface signaling tracing function can be used to trace the signaling messages over
various interfaces such as SCTP and Diameter and save the tracing results into files.
Benefits

For carriers
This function enables carriers to trace all messages over an interface. It checks protocol
compliance of messages during the identification of an interconnection fault or interface fault.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The interface signaling tracing function can be used to trace the following messages:
Signaling Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP) message
Diameter message over the S6a and SWx interfaces
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Signaling Connection and Control Part (SCCP) message, Signaling Control


Transmission Protocol (SCTP) message, MTP3-User Adaptation Layer (M3UA)
message, and Message Transfer Part Layer 3 (MTP3) message
MAP/MAP+ signaling messages transmitted over the C, D, Gc, Gr, Lh, and J interfaces
After a tracing task is complete, you can view the file containing the traced messages. The
SAE-HSS provides explanations for the messages in line with standard protocols, allowing
you to understand the message code stream conveniently.
Enhancement

This feature has been enhanced since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31


Signaling Connection and Control Part (SCCP) message, Signaling Control
Transmission Protocol (SCTP) message, MTP3-User Adaptation Layer (M3UA)
message, and Message Transfer Part Layer 3 (MTP3) message
MAP/MAP+ signaling messages transmitted over the C, D, Gc, Gr, Lh, and J interfaces
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.2.2 WHFD-404020 Subscriber Signaling Tracing


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

This function enables you to create a task to trace the signaling messages of a specified
subscriber based on the IMSI or MSIDN over certain interfaces. The system provides online
explanations for the traced messages and saves them in a file.
Benefits

For carriers
This function helps carriers to identify the problems that interrupt the services of a subscriber.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

You can trace the signaling messages of a subscriber over the F or S6a/S6d /SWx C/D
Gc
GrLhJ interface.
After a tracing task is complete, you can view the file containing the traced messages. The
SAE-HSS provides explanations for the messages in line with standard protocols, allowing
you to understand the message code stream conveniently.

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Enhancement

This feature has been enhanced since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31


Trace the signaling messages of a subscriber over the F or S6a/S6d /SWx, C/D, Gc, Gr
Lh, J interface.
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.2.3 WHFD-404030 Equipment Information Management


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

This function enables the hardware and software information of the SAE-HSS to be queried
through the OMU or NMS.
Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to query, manage, and maintain the hardware and software
information of the SAE-HSS.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

Equipment information management enables the following information to be queried through


the NMS:
Basic information about the hardware equipment
Connection information, module information, and configuration information
Information about the peer equipment
Version information of the host
Information about the cabinet, subrack, and board, and the Flash E-label of the board
On receiving the command sent from the NMS for generating an equipment archive file, the
OMU server generates an .xml file. The OMU server uploads the generated file to the
specified directory on the NMS based on the command received.
Enhancement

This feature has been enhanced since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31


This function enables the hardware and software information of the logic HLR to be
queried through the OMU or NMS, not only SAE-HSS.
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Dependency

Implementing this function requires the cooperation of Huawei NMS.

1.1.2.4 WHFD-404050 Pool-Based Network Management


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification

None.
Summary

This function allows the NMS to manage the HSS9860-FE pools on the network in a
centralized way.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature enables carriers to query, manage, and maintain the system information
conveniently.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The pool-based O&M function is as follows:


The FEs and BEs are present in different pools on the topology view of the NMS.
The O&M MML commands of the same format are issued to all the FEs or BEs in a
pool.
The performance measurement tasks of all the FEs or BEs in a pool are managed in a
centralized way.
Dependency

The implementation of this function requires the cooperation of Huawei NMS.

1.1.3 WHFD-405000 Reliability Functions


Comprehensive protection measures are adopted in the hardware and software design of the
SAE-HSS to ensure high reliability.
The hardware reliability design of the SAE-HSS includes:
Redundancy and Backup Design (WHFD-405101)
Power Supply Reliability (WHFD-405102)
Distributed Structure of Boards (WHFD-405103)
Distributed Power Supply (WHFD-405104)
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IP-Based Dual-Plane Communication (WHFD-405105)


Automatic Adjustment of Fan Speed (WHFD-405106)
The software reliability design of the SAE-HSS includes:
Automatic Fault Detection and Self-Healing (WHFD-405201)
Automatic or Manual Switchover (WHFD-405202)
Overload Control (Flow Control) (WHFD-405203)
System Rollback upon Upgrade Failure (WHFD-405204)
Distributed Structure of Software Modules (WHFD-405205)
Automatic Load Balancing (WHFD-405206)

1.1.3.1 WHFD-405101 Redundancy and Backup Design


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The SAE-HSS adopts redundancy and backup design. It achieves redundancy for all the
components.
Benefits

For carriers
This feature enables carriers to enhance system reliability and ensure uninterrupted service
provisioning.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The faults in some components may lower the bearer capability of the system. To avoid such
adverse impact and enhance system reliability, the SAE-HSS adopts redundancy and backup
design. All the components of the same type work in load-sharing mode. If a component fails,
the other components automatically take over the services of the faulty component, thus
ensuring that the service provisioning of the SAE-HSS is not interrupted.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

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1.1.3.2 WHFD-405102 Power Supply Reliability


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

Faults in the power supply may result in a critical disaster. Thus, the SAE-HSS adopts
high-reliability design for the power supply system.
Benefits

For carriers
This feature enables carriers to enhance system reliability and ensure uninterrupted service
provisioning.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS adopts the following technologies to ensure high reliability of the power
supply system:
Checks the input voltage of the power system, and generates an alarm when the voltage
of the power system is outside of the allowable range.
Protects the system against voltage drop and lightning.
Provides power-off protection for programs and data.
Protects the system against over-voltage, over-current, and reverse polarity connection.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.3 WHFD-405103 Distributed Structure of Boards


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

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The distributed structure allows multiple functional entities that are identical in a system to
work in load-sharing mode to implement a certain function. The most distinguished feature of
the distributed structure is resource sharing in the system. When a functional entity fails, the
other functional entities automatically take over the load of the faulty entity, thus ensuring
uninterrupted service provisioning.
The SAE-HSS adopts the distributed design for the boards.
Benefits

For carriers
This feature enables carriers to enhance system reliability and ensure uninterrupted service
provisioning.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The boards of the SAE-HSS adopt the distributed structure and work in load-sharing mode.
When a board is faulty, the other board automatically takes over the services of the faulty
board, thus ensuring uninterrupted service processing.
The switchover of the boards has the following advantages:
When a board fails, the other board immediately takes over the services of the faulty
board.
The switchover is automatically implemented.
The switchover is completed within three seconds.
The services are not interrupted during the switchover.
After the switchover, the system automatically and evenly distributes the load among the
working boards.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.4 WHFD-405104 Distributed Power Supply


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The distributed structure allows multiple functional entities that are identical in a system to
work in load-sharing mode to implement a certain function. The most distinguished feature of
the distributed structure is resource sharing in the system. When a functional entity fails, the
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other functional entities automatically take over the load of the faulty entity, thus ensuring
uninterrupted service provisioning.
The SAE-HSS adopts the distributed design for the power supply system.
Benefits

For carriers
This feature enables carriers to enhance system reliability and ensure uninterrupted service
provisioning.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The power modules of the SAE-HSS adopt the distributed structure. When a power module is
faulty, the load is automatically distributed to the other power module, thus ensuring
uninterrupted power supply.
The components of a subrack are divided into two zones: S1 and S2. Two power modules
supply power to the two zones. Module 1 controls a power input (A1) of S1 and a power input
(B1) of S2; Module 2 controls a power input (A2) of S1 and a power input (B2) of S2, as
shown in the following figure.

Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.5 WHFD-405105 IP-Based Dual-plane Communication


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

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N/A
Summary

The SAE-HSS adopts dual planes for IP communications and dual dual-star architecture to
prevent single-point faults. The service plane and the management plane are independent of
each other, thus ensuring system reliability.
Benefits

For carriers
This feature enables carriers to enhance system reliability and ensure uninterrupted service
provisioning.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS is configured with two SWUs. Each SWU is connected to the service
processing boards in star mode. With the help of the dual-star structure, the service processing
of the system will not be adversely affected by single-point faults.
The service data and management signaling are independently exchanged over two planes.
The two planes are independent of each other, as shown in the following figure, thus ensuring
the reliability of the system.

Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

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1.1.3.6 WHFD-405106 Automatic Adjustment of Fan Speed


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The fan speed can be automatically adjusted based on the temperature of the SAE-HSS.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature lowers the power consumption, thus helping carriers to reduce the operation
cost.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS generates heat during the running. The fans dissipate the heat from the subrack,
thus ensuring a proper temperature of the SAE-HSS. The fans of higher speed can achieve
better heat dissipation, but also consume more power. The SAE-HSS can automatically adjust
the speed of fans based on the temperature of the system, thus creating a suitable environment
for the system running and effectively reducing power consumption.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.7 WHFD-405201 Automatic Fault Detection and Self-Healing


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The SAE-HSS adopts real-time fault detection and self-healing designs to ensure the
reliability of its software.
Benefits

For carriers
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This feature enables carriers to enhance system reliability and ensure uninterrupted service
provisioning.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS provides the following functions to implement real-time fault detection and
self-healing:
Detecting hardware/software faults automatically
Staring the fault-handling program automatically to rectify the hardware/software faults
on key components
Performing a switchover if a fault cannot be rectified. The system automatically switches
over services to the standby component, thus ensuring uninterrupted service processing.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.8 WHFD-405202 Automatic or Manual Switchover


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

For the components working in active/standby mode, services can be automatically or


manually switched over to the standby component when the active one is faulty.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature enables carriers to enhance system reliability and ensure uninterrupted
service provisioning.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

In the SAE-HSS, the key processing boards that lead in signaling work in active/standby
mode. When the active board is faulty, services are automatically switched over to the standby
board. Manual switchover is generally performed in special cases (such as system upgrade).
Enhancement

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None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.9 WHFD-405203 Overload Control (Flow Control)


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The flow control function prevents congestion when the traffic volume exceeds the upper
threshold of the processing capability of the SAE-HSS.
Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to enhance system reliability, avoid service interruption
resulting from surging traffics, and prevent the avalanche effect.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS provides flow control. When congestion occurs due to excessive messages, the
SAE-HSS discards certain messages to ensure normal service processing.
The SAE-HSS adopts the flow control mechanism, which enables the system to run properly
and provide optimal responding to messages even when the traffic is heavy.
Flow control is adopted on the SCCP layer of the service layer to implement smooth
traffic volume adjustment.
When flow control starts, the Diameter messages are processed based on priorities.
The load of processors and resource utilization are monitored and analyzed in real time
to implement adaptive flow control.
The system provides high-speed processing of the commands sent from the provisioning
system. When the traffic exceeds the maximum processing capability of the system, flow
control is adopted to ensure system security.
Flow control parameters can be set to implement forced flow control.
Independent flow control is adopted for subscriber data management and Diameter
operations. The Diameter operations take precedence over subscriber data management.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.10 WHFD-405204 System Rollback upon Upgrade Failure


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The rollback function allows the system to be rolled back when the system upgrade fails. This
function minimizes adverse effect of upgrade failures.
Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to roll back the system upon upgrade failure, thus
minimizing the adverse effect of upgrade failure.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS provides the rollback function, which allows the subscriber data and system
version to be restored to previous state when the system upgrade fails. This function
minimizes the adverse effect of upgrade failures.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.11 WHFD-405205 Distributed Structure of Software Modules


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The distributed structure allows multiple functional entities that are identical in a system to
work in load-sharing mode to accomplish a function. The most distinguished feature of the
distributed structure is resource sharing in the system. When a functional entity is faulty, the

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load is automatically switched over to other functional entities. Thus, the service provisioning
of the entire system is not adversely affected.
The software modules of the SAE-HSS adopt distributed structure.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature improves system reliability, ensures uninterrupted service processing, and
helps to improve customer satisfaction.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS adopts distributed structure. It consists of the following functional layers:
Signaling processing layer
Service processing layer
Data routing layer
Data storage layer
Each layer adopts distributed structure, as shown in Figure 1-2.

Figure 1-2 Distributed structure of functional modules


Signaling HSF cluster
processing HSF HSF
FE Service HCF cluster
processing HCF HCF ...

Data DRU cluster


routing DRU DRU ...
BE
Data DSU cluster
storage

DSU cluster DSU cluster

Extended storage
(optional)

Disk array

The signaling processing layer consists of the HSS signaling function (HSF). The HSF and
HSS control function (HCF) constitute the FE. The FE processes signaling and service logics.
The data service layer consists of the DRU and DSU.

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The data storage layer adopts high reliable commercialized database management system. It
also uses the disk array to provide permanent storage of subscriber data. The hard disks of the
disk array are configured with RAID and hot spare disks to ensure the security of subscriber
data.
The data service layer, subscriber data management layer, and data storage layer constitute the
BE. The BE stores and manages subscriber data, and also provides data service for the Front
End (FE).
The distributed software architecture protects the system against single-point faults and
improves system reliability.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.3.12 WHFD-405206 Automatic Load Balancing


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

The SAE-HSS automatically balances the load among different software modules.
Benefits

For carriers
This feature enables carriers to protect the system from being overloaded and thus prevent
system breakdown.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

During the running of the SAE-HSS, the load may be unbalanced among boards due to the
diversity of tasks, complexity of signaling processing, and number of processed messages.
The SAE-HSS adopts software technology to implement automatic load balancing among
modules of the same type. This improves system stability and reliability.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The SAE-HSS provides this feature independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

1.1.4 WHFD-405300 HLR Integrate with HSS


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31.


Specification

N/A
Summary

This function embeds HLR function into HSS, enable HSS provide both HLR and EPC-HSS
function.
Benefits

For carriers
This function simplifies the network architecture and reduces the OPEX and CAPEX. Provide
more effective interactivity between 2G/3G and LTE.
For subscribers
N/A

Description
HLR and EPC-HSS are deployed in a combined form.
1. HLR and EPC-HSS share the hardware, and improve the hardware usage more
efficiently.
2. The existing HLR (V900R006) can be upgraded to Integrated HSS smoothly.

1.2 Features of the 2G/3G


1.2.1 WHFD-200100 Teleservices
The HLR supports standard teleservices, which include voice services (WHFD-200110) and
short message services (WHFD-200120).
The voice services include the following services:
Telephony service, that is, TS11 (WHFD-200111)
Emergency call, that is TS12 (WHFD-200112)
The length of information sent in a short message is short. Specified by ETSI GSM 03.40 and
ETSI GSM 03.41 in ETSI GSM, a point to point (PTP) short message (SM) can have a
maximum of 140 bytes, that is, 160 ASCII characters or 70 Chinese characters. A broadcast
SM can have 82 bytes per page, that is, 92 ASCII characters or 41 Chinese characters. A
macro broadcast message can have a maximum of 15 pages that are sent consecutively.

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The broadcast SMS allows subscribers to receive public information periodically and
selectively. The PTP SMS allows subscribers to send or receive SMs at any time. The
point-to-point SMSs can be classified into the following types:
Short Message MT/PP, that is, TS21 (WHFD-200121)
Short Message MO/PP, that is, TS22 (WHFD-200122)

1.2.1.1 WHFD-200111 Telephony Service (TS11)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22003
Summary

This service allows subscribers in the PLMN, PSTN, and ISDN to communicate with each
other through telephones.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to provide services to mobile subscribers, thus increasing the
revenue.
For subscribers
Subscriber can enjoy basic voice service.
Description

This service can be provided to or withdrawn from subscribers on the HLR. When this service
is provided to a subscriber or when a subscriber initiates a location update, the HLR delivers
the service subscription data to the VLR. When this service is withdrawn from a subscriber,
the HLR sends a message to the VLR, instructing the VLR to delete the subscriber data.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.1.2 WHFD-200112 Emergency Call (TS12)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22003
Summary
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The service allows subscribers to make calls for requesting emergency assistance (for
example, 112 and 119) without being registered with the network.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide emergency call service to subscribers.
For subscribers
Subscribers can request emergency assistance as required.
Description

This service is provided to subscribers by default when subscribers are defined in the HLR.
During the location update procedure, the HLR delivers the service subscription data to the
VLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.1.3 WHFD-200121 Short Message MT/PP (TS21)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP23039
3GPP23040
3GPP23041
3GPP24011
3GPP24012
Summary

The short message MT/PP service allows mobile subscribers to receive short messages.
Benefits
For carriers
This service helps to increase the average revenue per user (ARPU).
For subscribers
This service enriches the means of communication. It allows subscribers to communicate
with each other through short messages instead of speech.
Description

The HLR supports the short message MT/PP service. When a short message is sent to a
subscriber who is being called, the short message center (SMC) sends a Sending Rout
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Information (SRI) message to the HLR. On receiving an SRI message, the HLR returns a
message based on the subscription information and status of the subscriber.
Feature Enhancement

To increase the success rate in short message reception, the HLR9820 allows the short
message delivery path to be specified for the subscribers who can access the network in both
the CS and PS domain (that is, the subscribers whose network access mode (NAM) is MSC
or SGSN. If NAM is SGSN, the HLR sends the SMC an SRI response carrying the SGSN
address. If NAM is MSC, the HLR sends the SMC an SRI response carrying the MSC
address.
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the SMC.

1.2.1.4 WHFD-200122 Short Message MO/PP (TS22)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP23039
3GPP23040
3GPP23041
3GPP24011
3GPP24012
Summary

The short message MO/PP service allows mobile subscribers to send short messages.
Benefits
For carriers
This service helps to increase the average revenue per user (ARPU).
For subscribers
This service enriches the means of communication. It allows subscribers to communicate
with each other through short messages instead of speech.
Description

The HLR supports the short message MO/PP service. In the location update procedure, the
HLR delivers the service subscription data to the VLR. When a subscriber sends a short
message, the VLR proceeds according to the service subscription information of the
subscriber.
Enhancement

None
Dependency
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The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the SMC.

1.2.2 WHFD-200200 Supplementary Services


The HLR9820 provides standard supplementary services, including:
Call forwarding services (WHFD-200210)
Call barring services (WHFD-200220)
Number presentation services (WHFD-200230)
The HLR9820 also provides optional supplementary services, which include Call Waiting
(CW), Call Hold (CH), Multi-Party (MPTY), Unstructured Supplementary Service Data
(USSD), Closed User Group (CUG), and PLMN Specific Supplementary Services
(PLMNSS).
The HLR9820 provides the following call forwarding services:
CFU (WHFD-200211)
CFB (WHFD-200212)
CFNRy (WHFD-200213)
CFNRc (WHFD-200214)
The call barring services can be classified into barring of incoming calls and barring of
outgoing calls. The HLR9820 provides the following call barring services:
BAOC (WHFD-200221)
BOIC (WHFD-200222)
BOIC-exHC (WHFD-200223)
BAIC (WHFD-200224)
BIC-Roam (WHFD-200225)
The HLR9820 provides the following number presentation services:
CLIP (WHFD-200231)
CLIR (WHFD-200232)
COLP (WHFD-200233)
COLR (WHFD-200234)
OVER-CLIR (WHFD-200235)
OVER-COLR WHFD-200236)

1.2.2.1 WHFD-200211 Call ForwardingUnconditional (CFU)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22082
3GPP23082
3GPP24082
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Summary

The Call ForwardingUnconditional (CFU) service allows the incoming calls addressed to a
subscriber to be forwarded to another number or a voice mailbox. The forwarded-to number
(FTN) can be the number of a PLMN subscriber, PSTN subscriber, or ISDN subscriber.
Benefits
For carriers
This service helps to increase the call completion rate, which in turn increases the
revenue.
For subscribers
Incoming calls can be forwarded to another number when the called MS/UE is not
available. This service provides more choices for subscribers.
Description

This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the
HLR.
The HLR stores the FTN and returns the FTN in an SRI response message to the GMSC.
Subscribers can activate the service by using MSs/UEs or in the Customer Service Center.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.2 WHFD-200212 Call ForwardingBusy (CFB)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22082
3GPP23082
3GPP24082
Summary

The Call ForwardingBusy (CFB) service allows the incoming calls addressed to a subscriber
to be forwarded to another number or a voice mailbox when the subscriber is engaged in a
call or service. The FTN can be the number of a PLMN subscriber, PSTN subscriber, or ISDN
subscriber.
The CFB service can be further classified into network-determined CFB and user-determined
CFB.
Benefits

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For carriers
This service helps to increase the call completion rate, which in turn increases the
revenue.
For subscribers
Incoming calls can be forwarded to another number when the called MS/UE is not
available. This service provides more choices for subscribers.
Description

This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the
HLR.
The HLR stores the FTNs. In the location update procedure of a subscriber, the HLR delivers
the FTN to the VLR. When a call is originated to the subscriber and the subscriber is engaged
in another call or service, the VLR sends an SRI message to the HLR serving the
forwarded-to party based on the FTN.
Subscribers can activate the service by using MSs/UEs or in the Customer Service Center.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.3 WHFD-200213 Call Forwarding on No Reply (CFNRy)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22082
3GPP23082
3GPP24082
Summary

The Call Forwarding on No Reply (CFNRy) service allows the incoming calls addressed to a
subscriber to be forwarded to another number or a voice mailbox when the subscriber fails to
answer or is inaccessible. The FTN can be the number of a PLMN subscriber, PSTN
subscriber, or ISDN subscriber.
Benefits
For carriers
This service helps to increase the call completion rate, which in turn increases the
revenue.
For subscribers
Incoming calls can be forwarded to another number when the called MS/UE is not
available. This service provides more choices for subscribers.

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Description

This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the
HLR.
The HLR stores the FTNs. In the location update procedure of a subscriber, the HLR delivers
the FTN and the no-reply time to the VLR. When a call is originated to the subscriber, the
MSC serving the subscriber sends an SRI message to the HLR serving the forwarded-to party
based on the FTN if the subscriber does not answer the call within the specified time.
Subscribers can activate the service by using MSs/UEs or in the Customer Service Center.
Enhancement

Huawei HSS9860 allows you to set the no reply time of the CFNRy service.
Usually, the no reply time is set to the default time (30s) for the subscriber. When a subscriber
does not answer a call within the specified time, the system triggers the CFNRy service. The
HLR provides an MML command for modifying the default time. The no reply time can be 5s,
10s, 15s, 20s, 25s, or 30s.
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.4 WHFD-200214 Call Forwarding on mobile subscriber Not Reachable


(CFNRc)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22082
3GPP23082
3GPP24082
Summary

The Call Forwarding on mobile subscriber Not Reachable (CFNRc) service allows the
incoming calls addressed to a subscriber to be forwarded to another number or a voice
mailbox when the subscriber is unreachable. The FTN can be the number of a PLMN
subscriber, PSTN subscriber, or ISDN subscriber.
Benefits
For carriers
This service helps to increase the call completion rate, which in turn increases the
revenue.
For subscribers
Incoming calls can be forwarded to another number when the called MS/UE is switched
off or is not in the service area. This service provides more choices for subscribers.
Description

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This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the HLR.
This service can be activated only after it is provided. Subscribers can activate this service by
using MSs/UEs or in the Customer Service Center.
The CFNRc is implemented in any of the following cases:
A subscriber is reported as inactive for a long time, and the HLR sets the flag, indicating
that the subscriber is not reachable.
In this case, the HLR knows the status of the subscriber. When receiving an SRI message
from the originating MSC, the HLR returns the FTN in an SRI response message. Then,
the originating MSC sends an SRI message to the HLR serving the forwarded-to party
based on the received FTN.
A subscriber switches off its MS/UE or the MS/UE does not respond to paging
In this case, the HLR does not know the subscriber status. When receiving an SRI
message from the originating MSC, the HLR does not return the FTN. The originating
MSC delivers the call to the MSC serving the callee. Then, the MSC serving the callee
sends an SRI message to the HLR serving the forwarded-to party.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.5 WHFD-200215 FTN Analysis and Normalization


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

This function allows the FTN of the correct format to be generated when a call forwarding
service is registered.
Benefits
For carriers
This function allows carriers to configure call forwarding policies flexibly.
For subscribers
This function allows subscribers to set the FTNs flexibly.
Description

The request for registering a call forwarding service received by the HLR contains the FTN.
The FTN can be in any of the following formats:
Unknown format (or domestic format): 81 + FTN dialed by the subscriber:
81 + PSTN subscriber number
81 + 0 + area code + PSTN subscriber number
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81 + PLMN subscriber number


International format
91 + country code (CC)+ area code (AC)+ PSTN subscriber number
91 + PLMN subscriber number
At present, the FTNs registered through MSs/UEs are in unknown format. The FTNs stored in
the HLR and the FTNS delivered to the VLR are in international format. Therefore, the HLR
must normalize the received FTNs. The HLR can determine the attributes of the FTNs only
after the FTNs in unknown format are converted into the FTNs in international format.
The FTN analysis and normalized is implemented based on the data configured on the HLR.
Feature Enhancement

The following data must be configured on the HLR:


Local office information
This data table has only one record, which contains the country code of the HLR and the
HLR number. When a country code is required for an FTN, the HLR adds the country
code contained in this table to the FTN.
Mapping between the IMSIs and the area codes
This data table has multiple records. It records the mapping between the prefixes of
IMSIs and the area codes. For example, the IMSI prefix 46000755 maps area code 755.
When an area code is required for an FTN, the HLR adds the area code corresponding to
the IMSI prefix to the FTN.
Called number analysis data
The data table has multiple records. Each record has four fields: prefix of the FTN,
attribute of the FTN, information station flag, and entertainment station flag.
There are four options for the FTN attribute: local number, domestic toll call number,
international toll call number, and PLMN number. For example, 139 indicates a PLMN
number; 0 indicates a domestic toll call number; 00 indicates an international toll call
number; 1 to 9 indicate local numbers.
In the FTN normalization process, the HLR searches for a record in the
CALLEDNUM_ANALYSIS table based on the prefix of an FTN according to the
maximum matching principle.
Area code data
This data table has multiple records. Each record contains the name and cord of an area.
For example, the area code of Shenzhen is 755.
Mapping between the MSISDNs and the area codes
This data table has multiple records. It records the mapping between the prefixes of
MSISDNs and the area codes. When analyzing a PLMN FTN, the HLR queries the table
to check whether the FTN exceeds area limitation imposed on the call forwarding.
Country code data
This data table has multiple records. Each record contains the name and code of a
country. For example, the country code of China is 86. When analyzing an FTN of
international format, the HLR queries the table to check whether the FTN is a domestic
number.
Forbidden FTNs

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This data table has multiple records. It records the numbers to which calls cannot be
forwarded, for example, 110. When determining that an FTN is a local number, the HLR
queries this table to verify whether calls can be forwarded to this FTN.
Dependency

The HLR9820 implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for
other NEs.

1.2.2.6 WHFD-200221 Barring of All Outgoing Calls (BAOC)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22088
3GPP23088
3GPP24088
Summary

The Barring of All Outgoing Calls (BAOC) service prevents a subscriber from originating all
the calls except emergency calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can control call flexibly.
Description

The HLR stores the code and status of the BAOC service and delivers this information to the
VLR. The MSC implements the barring of outgoing calls of a subscriber.
This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the HLR.
Subscribers can query and modify the service status by using MSs/UEs. Whether the BAOC
service is controlled a subscribers or carrier can be set on the HLR. If the BAOC service is
controlled by a subscriber, the subscriber can activate or deactivate this service by using the
MS/UE. Before activating or deactivating this service on the MS/UE, the subscriber must be
provided with the BAOC service and enter the password. The password can be changed either
on the MS/UE or HLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

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1.2.2.7 WHFD-200222 Barring of Outgoing International Calls (BOIC)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22088
3GPP23088
3GPP24088
Summary

The Barring of Outgoing International Calls (BOIC) service prevents the subscribers roaming
in the home PLMN from originating international calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can control call flexibly.
Description

The HLR stores the code and status of the BOIC service and delivers this information to the
MSC serving the subscriber. The MSC implements the barring of outgoing international calls
of the subscriber.
This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the HLR.
Subscribers can query and modify the service status by using MSs/UEs.
Whether the BOIC service is controlled a subscribers or carrier can be set on the HLR. If the
BOIC service is controlled by a subscriber, the subscriber can activate or deactivate this
service by using the MS/UE. Before activating or deactivating this service on the MS/UE, the
subscriber must be provided with the BOIC service and enter the password. The password can
be changed either on the MS/UE or HLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.8 WHFD-200223 Barring of Outgoing International Calls Except Those


Directed to the Home PLMN Country (BOIC-exHC)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
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3GPP29002
3GPP22088
3GPP23088
3GPP24088
Summary

The Barring of Outgoing International Calls Except Those Directed to the Home PLMN
Country (BOIC-exHC) service prevents a subscriber from originating international calls
except the calls to the home PLMN.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can control call flexibly.
Description

The HLR stores the code and status of the BOIC-exHC service and delivers this information
to the MSC serving the subscriber. The MSC implements the barring of outgoing international
calls of the subscriber. The BOIC-exHC service is implemented based on the basic service
groups, which include teleservices and bearer services.
This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the HLR.
Subscribers can query and modify the service status by using MSs/UEs.
Whether the BOIC-exHC service is controlled a subscribers or carrier can be set on the HLR.
If the BOIC-exHC service is controlled by a subscriber, the subscriber can activate or
deactivate this service by using the MS/UE. Before activating or deactivating this service on
the MS/UE, the subscriber must be provided with the BOIC-exHC service and enter the
password. The password can be changed either on the MS/UE or HLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.9 WHFD-200224 Barring of All Incoming Calls (BAIC)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22088
3GPP23088
3GPP24088

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Summary

The Barring of All Incoming Calls (BAIC) prevents a subscriber from receiving calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can control call flexibly.
Description

The BAIC service can be activated through different basic service groups.
The HLR stores the code of BAIC, information about the basic service groups, and status of
the BAIC service. On receiving an SRI message, the HLR checks whether the subscriber
activates the BAIC service. If the BAIC service is activated, the HLR returns the GMSC a
message, which indicates the all the incoming calls to the subscriber are barred.
This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the HLR.
Subscribers can query and modify the service status by using MSs/UEs.
Whether the BAIC service is controlled a subscribers or carrier can be set on the HLR. If the
BAIC service is controlled by a subscriber, the subscriber can activate or deactivate this
service by using the MS/UE. Before activating or deactivating this service on the MS/UE, the
subscriber must be provided with the BAIC service and enter the password. The password can
be changed either on the MS/UE or HLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.10 WHFD-200225 Barring of Incoming Calls when Roaming Outside the Home
PLMN Country (BIC-ROAM)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22088
3GPP23088
3GPP24088
Summary

The Barring of Incoming Calls when Roaming Outside the Home PLMN Country
(BIC-ROAM) service prevents the subscriber who is roaming outside the home PLMN
country from receiving calls.
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Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
The service helps to boost the MS/UE lease business.
Description

The BIC-ROAM service can be activated through different basic service groups.
The HLR stores the code and status of BIC-ROAM and the information about the basic
service groups. On receiving an SRI message, the HLR checks whether the subscriber
activates the BIC-ROAM service. If the BIC-ROAM service is activated, the HLR returns the
GMSC a message, which indicates the all the incoming calls to the subscriber are barred.
This service can be provided, withdrawn, activated, or deactivated for subscribers on the HLR.
Subscribers can query and modify the service status by using MSs/UEs.
Whether the BIC-ROAM service is controlled a subscribers or carrier can be set on the HLR.
If the BIC-ROAM service is controlled by a subscriber, the subscriber can activate or
deactivate this service by using the MS/UE. Before activating or deactivating this service on
the MS/UE, the subscriber must be provided with the BIC-ROAM service and enter the
password. The password can be changed either on the MS/UE or HLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.11 WHFD-200231 Calling Line Identification Presentation (CLIP)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22081
3GPP23081
3GPP24081
Summary

The Calling Line Identification Presentation (CLIP) service allows the calling number to be
presented to the callee.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
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For subscribers
This service allows a subscriber to know the calling number and determine whether to
answer the incoming call. This service is useful in the following scenarios:
The callee is busy and does not want to answer incoming calls
The callee wants to reject the calls from specified callers
The callee wants to call back later
The callee wants to distinguish business calls from personal calls
Description

The HLR stores the CLIP subscription data. The HLR delivers the CLIP subscription data to
the VLR in the location update procedure or if the CLIP subscription data is modified.
Assume that subscribe B subscribes to the CLIP service. When A calls B, the number of A is
presented to B.
Enhancement

The enhanced CLIP service is implemented based on service groups; that is, the HLR allows
a subscriber to determine whether to display his or her number in a voice call or video call.
The setting of the enhanced CLIP service can be different for voice calls and video calls.
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.12 WHFD-200232 Calling Line Identification Restriction (CLIR)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22081
3GPP23081
3GPP24081
Summary

The Calling Line Identification Restriction (CLIR) service prevents the subscriber number
from being displayed to the callee.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
This service helps to protect the privacy of subscribers.
Description

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The HLR stores the CLIR subscription data. When this service is provided to a subscriber,
one of the following modes can be specified:
Permanent restriction: The CLIR service is activated for all outgoing calls, that is, the
number of the subscriber is not presented to the callee in all outgoing calls.
Temporary permission: The CLIR service is activated only when the mobile subscriber
dials #31#called number.
Temporary restriction: The CLIR service is activated automatically unless the mobile
subscriber dials #31#called number.
If a CLIR service subscriber performs a location update or if the CLIR subscription data is
modified, the HLR delivers the CLIR subscription data to the VLR. When the subscriber
originates a call, the network determines whether to display the calling number to the callee
based on the restriction mode.
Assume that subscriber A subscribes to the CLIR service with the restriction mode set to
permanent restriction and subscriber B subscribes to the CLIP service. When A calls B, the
number of A is not presented to B.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.13 WHFD-200233 Connected Line Identification Presentation (COLP)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22081
3GPP23081
3GPP24081
Summary

The Connected Line Identification Presentation (COLP) service allows the FTN to be
presented to the caller when the call addressed to the callee is forwarded.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
This service helps to caller to learn about the number to be connected.
Description

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The HLR stores the COLP subscription data. If a COLP service subscriber performs a
location update or if the CLOR subscription data is modified, the HLR delivers the CLOR
subscription data to the VLR.
Assume that subscriber A subscribes to the COLP service and subscriber B subscribes to a call
forwarding service with the forwarded-to party of C. When A originates a call to B, the
number of C is presented to A.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.14 WHFD-200234 Connected Line Identification Restriction (COLR)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22081
3GPP23081
3GPP24081
Summary

The Connected Line Identification Restriction (COLR) service prevents the number of a
subscriber, who serving as the forwarded-to party, from being presented to the caller.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
This service helps to protect the privacy of subscribers.
Description

The HLR stores the COLR subscription data. If a COLR service subscriber performs a
location update or if the COLR subscription data is modified, the HLR delivers the CLOR
subscription data to the VLR.
Assume that subscriber C subscribes to the COLR service and subscriber B subscribes to a
call forwarding service with the forwarded-to party of C. When the call addressed to B is
forwarded to C, the number of C is not presented to the caller.
Enhancement

None
Dependency
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The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.15 WHFD-200235 Override Calling Line Identification Restriction


(OVER-CLIR)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22081
3GPP23081
3GPP24081
Summary

The Override Calling Line Identification Restriction (OVER-CLIR) service allows the calling
number to be presented to the callee even if the callee has the CLIR active.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
This service is applicable to the subscribers who require the information about the caller
before answering calls. It helps to identify the callers who initiate calls for malicious
purposes.
Description

The OVER-CLIR service is an attribute of the CLIP service. When subscribing to the CLIP
service, the subscriber can determine whether to have OVER-CLIR active.
The CLIP service and the CLIR service are mutually exclusive, and CLIR takes precedence
over CLIP. If the caller has CLIR active and the callee has CLIP active, the calling number is
not presented to the callee. The OVER-CLIR service takes precedence over the CLIR service.
If the callee has OVER-CLIR active, the calling number is presented to the callee.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.2.16 WHFD-200236 Override Connected Line Identification Restriction


(OVER-COLR)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
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3GPP29002
3GPP22081
3GPP23081
3GPP24081
Summary

The Override Connected Line Identification Restriction (OVER-COLR) service allow the
connected number to be present to the caller even if the callee has the COLR active.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and
revenue.
For subscribers
This service is applicable to the subscribers who require the information about the callee
to be connected. It can effectively present calls from being forwarded for malicious
purposes.
Description

The OVER-COLR service is an attribute of the COLP service. When subscribing to the COLP
service, the subscriber can determine whether to have OVER-COLR active.
The COLP service and the COL service are mutually exclusive, and COLR takes precedence
over COLP. If the caller has COLP active and the forwarded-to party has COLR active, the
FTN is not presented to the caller. The OVER-COLR service takes precedence over the
COLR service. If the caller has OVER-COLR active, the FTN is presented to the caller.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3 WHFD-200300 ODB Services


The Operator-Determined Barring (ODB) services allow carriers to control the incoming and
outgoing calls of subscribers.
The ODB is applicable to all terminal services and bearer services except emergency calls.
The ODB services take precedence over other supplementary service. That is, when an ODB
service conflicts with a supplementary service, the ODB service is implemented.
The difference between the call barring services and the ODB services is as follows:
The status of the ODB services can be controlled only by carriers. The status of call
barring services can be controlled by either carriers or subscribers.
The ODB services are activated automatically upon provisioning. The call barring
services must be activated by either carriers or subscribers.
The ODB services provided by the GU HLR can be classified into the following types:
Call-based ODB (WHFD-200310)
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ODB supplementary service management (WHFD-200321)


Roaming-based ODB (WHFD-200330)
The call-based ODB services include the following:
ODB-BAOC (WHFD-200311)
ODB-BOIC (WHFD-200312)
ODB-exHC (WHFD-200313)
ODB-OBCROAM (WHFD-200314)
ODBPB1 (WHFD-200315)
ODB-BAIC (WHFD-200316)
ODB-BICROAM (WHFD-200317)
ODB-Barring of Outgoing Premium Rate Calls (Information) (WHFD-200318)
ODB-Barring of Outgoing Premium Rate Calls (Entertainment) (WHFD-200319)
The GU HLR also provides ODB supplementary service management (WHFD-200321).
The roaming-based ODB services include the following:
ODB-BROHPLMN (WHFD-200331)
ODB-BROHPLMNC (WHFD-200332)

1.2.3.1 WHFD-200311 ODB-Barring of All Outgoing Calls (ODB-BAOC)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-Barring of All Outgoing Calls (ODB-BAOC) prevents a subscriber from


originating calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.
Enhancement

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None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.2 WHFD-200312 ODB-Barring of Outgoing International Calls (ODB-BOIC)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-Barring of Outgoing International Calls (ODB-BOIC) service prevents the


subscribers roaming in the home PLMN from originating international calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.3 WHFD-200313 ODB-Barring of Outgoing Calls when Roaming Outside the


Home PLMN Country (ODB-exHC)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
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Summary

The ODB-Barring of Outgoing Calls when Roaming Outside the Home PLMN Country
(ODB-exHC) service prevents a subscriber from originating international calls except the
calls to the home PLMN.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.4 WHFD-200314 ODB-Barring of Outgoing Calls when Roaming Outside the


Home PLMN Country (ODB-BOCROAM)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-Barring of Outgoing Calls when Roaming Outside the Home PLMN Country
(ODB-BOCROAM) service prevents the subscriber who is roaming outside the home PLMN
country from originating calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers

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Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.5 WHFD-200315 ODB-PLMN Baring Type 1 (ODBPB1)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-PLMN Baring Type 1 (ODBPB1) prevents the domestic toll calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The GU HLR provides four types of customized ODB services, namely, ODBPB1, ODBPB2,
ODBPB3, and ODBPB4. The ODBPB1 service restricts domestic toll calls. The other three
types of services can be customized by carriers. The implementation of this service requires
the cooperation of the MSC.
The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified.
Enhancement

None
Dependency
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The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.6 WHFD-200316 ODB-Barring of Incoming Calls (ODB-BAIC)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-Barring of Incoming Calls (ODB-BAIC) service prevents a subscriber from


receiving calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data but does not deliver the subscription data to the
VLR.
On receiving an SRI message from the GMSC, the HLR queries whether the subscriber
subscribes to this service. If yes, the HLR returns the GMSC a message, which indicates that
the incoming calls of the subscriber are restricted.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.7 WHFD-200317 ODB-Barring of Incoming Calls when Roaming Outside the


Home PLMN Country (ODB-BICROAM)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary
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The ODB-Barring of Incoming Calls when Roaming Outside the Home PLMN Country
(ODB-BICROAM) prevents the subscriber who is roaming outside the home PLMN country
from receiving calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data but does not deliver the subscription data to the
VLR.
On receiving an SRI message from the GMSC, the HLR queries whether the subscriber
subscribes to this service. If the subscriber subscribes to this service and is roaming outside
the HPLMN country, the HLR returns the GMSC a message, which indicates that the
incoming calls of the subscriber are restricted.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.8 WHFD-200318 ODB-Barring of Outgoing Premium Rate Calls (Information)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-Barring of Outgoing Premium Rate Calls (Information) service can prevent a
subscriber from originating premium rate calls for information.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers

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Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.9 WHFD-200319 ODB-Barring of Outgoing Premium Rate Calls


(Entertainment)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-Barring of Outgoing Premium Rate Calls (Entertainment) service prevents a


subscriber from originating premium rate calls for entertainment.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

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1.2.3.10 WHFD-200321 ODB Supplementary Service Management


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The GU HLR allows ODB services to be provided or withdrawn for subscribers.


Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The ODB services are activated automatically once they are provided through the HLR. The
HLR delivers the subscription information to the VLR when a service subscriber performs a
location update or when the subscription information is modified. The MSC implements the
barring of calls.
Subscribers cannot perform the operations such as activating, deactivating, registering, or
deregistering the ODB service through MSs/UEs.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently.

1.2.3.11 WHFD-200331 ODB-Barring of Roaming Outside the Home PLMN


(ODB-BROHPLMN)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

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The ODB-Barring of Roaming Outside the Home PLMN (ODB-BROHPLMN) service


prevents the subscriber who is roaming outside the home PLMN from receiving and
originating calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified.
If an ODB-BROHPLMN service subscriber roams outside the home PLMN, the location
update of the subscriber fails.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.12 WHFD-200332 ODB-Barring of Roaming Outside the Home PLMN Country


(ODB-BROHPLMNC)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-Barring of Roaming Outside the Home PLMN Country (ODB-BROHPLMNC)


service prevents the subscriber who is roaming outside the home PLMN country from
receiving and originating calls.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers

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Subscribers can flexibly select the required services, thus avoiding unnecessary call
charge.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.
If a BROHPLMNC service subscriber roams outside the home PLMN country, the location
update of the subscriber fails.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.13 WHFD-200340 ODB-barring of registration of call forwarded-to number


(ODB-RCF)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22041
Summary

The ODB-barring of registration of call forwarded-to number (ODB-RCF) service prevents


the FTNs from being registered.
Carriers can prevent any of the following types of FTNs to be registered:
All the FTNs
International FTNs
All international FTNs except those belonging to the HPLMN country
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
This service can prevent the call forwarding caused by operations performed by mistake.
Description

The HLR stores the service subscription data and delivers the subscription information to the
VLR when a service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is
modified. The MSC implements the barring of calls.

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For example, if a subscriber subscribes to this service with the registration of all FTNs being
restricted, the subscriber cannot register any FTN on the MS/UE.
Feature Enhancement

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The HLR sends the
subscription data to the related NE, and the MSC implements the barring of calls.
The restrictions on the FTNs can also be set on the HLR. For example, whether calls can be
forwarded to the same area, whether calls can be forwarded to an international number, and
whether the FTNs can contain the country code can be set through data configuration or by
using templates on the HLR.
This service allows carriers to provide different forwarding policies for different subscriber
groups.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.3.14 WHFD-200350 ODB-Barring of Explicit Call Transfer (ODB-ECT)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP22041
3GPP29002
Summary

The ODB-Barring of Explicit Call Transfer (ODB-ECT) service prevents a subscriber from
using the ECT service.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can flexibly control the services provided for subscribers, especially for the
liable subscribers, thus protecting the interests of carriers. In addition, carriers can
provide more value-added services to increase the subscriber base and revenue.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR stores the subscription data and delivers the subscription data to the VLR when a
service subscriber performs a location update or when the subscription data is modified. The
MSC implements the barring of calls.
The MSC can implement the following types of barring:
Barring all explicit call transfers
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Barring explicit call transfer when the served subscriber pays for either or both of the
incoming and outgoing calls
Barring explicit call transfer when the served subscriber roaming abroad pays for either
or both of the incoming and outgoing calls
Barring of explicit call transfer when the served subscriber roaming in another zone pays
for either or both of the incoming and outgoing calls
Barring of explicit call transfer when the served subscriber pays for both of the incoming
and outgoing calls
Barring explicit call transfer when there is an ongoing transferred call for the served
subscriber and at the same time, another subscriber originates a call to this subscriber in
the same MSC/VLR
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.4 WHFD-200400 Other Functions


The GU HLR provides the following services:
Lock of liable subscribers (WHFD-200401)
Subscriber-applied suspension (WHFD-200402)
Subscriber category setting (Subscriber Category) (WHFD-200403)
Multi-NDC (WHFD-200404)
Alternative Processing for Unsupported Services(WHFD-200405)

1.2.4.1 WHFD-200401 Lock of Liable Subscribers


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

This function allows carriers to suspend services for liable subscribers.


Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can suspend the telephone service, short message service, and GPRS service for
liable subscribers in time to prevent loss of profit.
For subscribers
This function can prevent bill shock, which is caused when subscribers use services
without being aware of the balance.
Description

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The GU HLR provides lock management, which allows carriers to suspend services for liable
subscribers and provide services for subscribers who repay the service fees.
The lock management allows carriers to perform one of the following operations:
Restrict or allow the incoming calls of a subscriber
Restrict or allow the outgoing calls of a subscriber
Restrict or allow the GPRS services for a subscriber
Through the above control mechanisms, carriers can restrict the subscriber's services flexibly.
This function facilitates service management.
Feature Enhancement

The GU HLR also provides lock management in the MSC and lock management in the PS
domain. The lock management is performed based on the network access mode (NAM) of
subscribers. If the NAM is MSC and SGSN, the locked subscriber can only access the CS
domain and cannot originate or receive calls or perform USSD operations or GPRS operations.
If the NAM is SGSN, the locked subscriber cannot access the PS domain.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR9820 implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for
other NEs.

1.2.4.2 WHFD-200402 Subscriber-Applied Suspension


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

This function allows carriers to suspend services based on the application of subscribers.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can suspend services for subscribers as required.
For subscribers
Subscribers can select required services, thus avoiding unnecessary charges.
Description

The service suspension is implemented through call barring services. When applying for
service suspension or service provisioning, subscribers must go to the Customer Service
Center.

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Feature Enhancement

The difference between the service suspension through lock management and the
subscriber-applied suspension is as follows:
Lock management is a carrier-oriented function, whereas subscriber-applied suspension
is a subscriber-oriented function.
Lock management is implemented through ODB services, whereas subscriber-applied
suspension is implemented through call barring supplementary services.
Dependency

The HLR9820 implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for
other NEs.

1.2.4.3 WHFD-200403 Subscriber Category Setting


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP23008
Summary

This function allows carriers to divide subscribers into different categories.


Benefits
For carriers
This function facilitates subscriber management and service management.
For subscribers
None.
Description

Each IMSI is allocated a subscriber category. The GU HLR supports the following subscriber
categories:
UNKNOWN
FRENCH
ENGLISH
GERMAN
RUSSIAN
SPANISH
SPECIAL
RESERVE
COMMON
SUPERIOR
DATACALL

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TESTCALL
SPARE
PAYPHONE
COIN
The HLR delivers the information about the subscriber category to the VLR for call
processing or charging.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.4.4 WHFD-200404 Multi-NDC


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The multi-NDC function allows a network to be configured with multiple National


Destination Code (NDCs).
Benefits
For carriers
This function facilitates network planning and data configuration.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The MSISDN consists of the CC, NDC, and SN. The NDC, also called the network number,
identifies the carrier who provides services for a subscriber. An NDC is 1 to 3 digits long.
The GU HLR supports multiple NDCs, that is, it can provide non-differentiated services for
subscribers with different NDCs.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR9820 implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for
other NEs.

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1.2.4.5 WHFD-200405 Alternative Processing for Unsupported Services


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The GU HLR provides alternative functions if the NEs on the network do not support certain
services, such as the ODB, AoCC, and CUG.
Benefits
For carriers
The function helps to improve network compatibility and configurability and service
processing capability. It provides multiple choices for data configuration.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The ISD response message sent from the MSC/VLR to the HLR contains the information
about the services or functions that are not supported by the MSC/VLR. On receiving an ISD
response message, the HLR triggers the alternative procedure according to the data
configuration.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR9820 implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for
other NEs.

1.2.5 WHFD-200500 Mobility Management


The GU HLR provides protocol-compliant mobility management, which involves the
following:
Location management (WHFD-200510)
Authentication management (WHFD-200520)
Subscriber management (WHFD-200530)
Fault recovery (WHFD-200540)
The GU HLR provides the following location management functions:
Location update (WHFD-200511)
Location cancellation (WHFD-200512)
Purge MS (WHFD-200513)

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Authentication, as an important function in the mobile communication system, can prevent


unauthorized MS from accessing the wireless network. During the authentication process, the
MS and network perform calculations by using the shared parameters (generated by the
network), same algorithm, and keys stored in the MS and network respectively. If the same
results are produced, the MS is allowed to access the network.
The GU HLR provides the following authentication management functions:
Providing the authentication information
Providing the authentication failure report
The GU HLR provides the following subscriber management functions:
Insert subscriber data (WHFD-200531)
Delete subscriber data (WHFD-200532)
The GU HLR provides the following fault recovery functions:
Reset (WHFD-200541)
Restore (WHFD-200542)
Check SS indication (WHFD-200543)

1.2.5.1 WHFD-200511 Location Update


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Location update is initiated by the MS to maintain subscriber data consistency between the
VLR and the HLR.
Benefits
For carriers
None.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR stores the information about the service subscription, location, and status of
subscribers. In the location update procedure of an MS, the HLR delivers the subscription
information of the subscriber to the VLR.
Feature Enhancement

The location update procedure is initiated by the MS. In the GSM system, the HLR, VLR, and
MS (or the SIM card) store the subscriber location information. The location information
stored in the HLR, VLR, and MS must be consistent.

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On detecting better signal strength in a location area, the MS sends an access request to the
MSC/VLR (generally, the MSC and VLR are physically integrated) in the target location area.
If the source location area and the target location area are served by the same MSC/VLR, only
the location information of the subscriber in the VLR needs to be updated. If the source
location area and the target location area are not served by the same MSC/VLR, the
MSC/VLR in the target location area sends a message to the HLR to query the information
about the MS. The HLR sends the required information to the MSC/VLR in the target
location area and informs the MSC/VLR in the source location to delete the subscriber
information. After the MS accesses the target location area, the HLR updates the MSC/VLR
number of the subscriber.
The network determines whether the source and target location areas are served by the same
MSC by querying the MS information from the MSC/VLR in the target location area. If the
MSC/VLR in the target location area stores the IMSI of the MS, the source and target location
areas are served by the same MSC. The network can obtain the IMSI of an MS from the
PVLR (the VLR in the source location area) or from the MS.
Location update can be classified into the following types:
Normal location update.
Periodic location update
IMSI attached/detached
A location update request is sent to the HLR in any of the following cases:
An MS initiates a location update procedure.
An MS initiates a service operation as the HLR status is set to Faulty.
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.5.2 WHFD-200512 Location Cancellation


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Location cancellation is initiated by the HLR to delete subscriber data from the VLR.
Benefits
For carriers
None.
For subscribers
None.
Description

To ensure that the subscriber data existing on the network is unique and up-to-date, the HLR
initiates the location cancellation procedure in any of the following cases:
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When a subscriber roams from one VLR to another VLR, the HLR sends a location
cancellation message to the previous VLR, requesting the VLR to delete the subscriber
data.
When a subscriber is deleted from the HLR or a new SIM card is provided for a
subscriber, the HLR sends a location cancellation message to the serving VLR,
requesting the VLR to delete the original subscriber data.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.5.3 WHFD-200513 Purge MS


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

If a subscriber is not registered with the network for a long time, the VLR sends a Purge MS
message to the HLR. The HLR then sets the subscriber status to unreachable.
Benefits
For carriers
This function minimizes unnecessary traffic over the network.
For subscribers
None.
Description

When a subscriber is not registered with the network for a certain period (the time can be
controlled by the VLR), the VLR initiates the Purge MS procedure by sending a message to
the HLR. On receiving the message, the HLR sets the Purge flag to a value that indicates that
the subscriber is unreachable currently.
Feature Enhancement

In certain service processing procedures, the HLR is required to provide the status of a
subscriber. The HLR can obtain the subscriber status from the VLR, for example, the HLR
sends a Provide_Subscriber_Info (PSI) message to the VLR. In addition, the VLR can inform
the HLR of the status of a subscriber when the subscriber status changes. The Purge MS
procedure is initiated by the VLR to inform the HLR that an MS is not registered with the
network for a long time. On receiving the message, the HLR records the subscriber status.
When the subscriber status is required in other service processing procedures, the HLR need
not query the subscriber status from the VLR, thus reducing unnecessary traffic over the
network and increasing service processing efficiency.
Dependency
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The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.5.4 WHFD-200521 Provide Authentication Information


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR provides the authentication set on receiving a request from the VLR.
Benefits
For carriers
This function prevents unauthorized MSs/UEs from accessing telecommunication
networks and protects the interests of carriers.
For subscribers
This function can prevent fraudulent use of an MS/UE, thus protecting the interests of
subscribers. In addition, the GU HLR on 3G networks supports the authentication of
networks, thus minimizing the adverse effect of network fraudulence on subscribers.
Description

The HLR9820 supports authentication of 2G and 3G subscribers, and supports authentication


triplet for 2G subscribers and authentication quintuple for 3G subscribers.
The HLR9820 supports the following authentication algorithms:
Authentication algorithms for subscribers using SIM cards: XOR, COMP128_1,
COMP128_2, COMP128_3, and MILENAGE
Authentication algorithm for subscribers using USIM cards: MILENAGE
The HLR9820 adopts active and standby subscriber authentication data reuse counters. Each
authentication set (five authentication triplets) can be reused for a maximum of three times.
If the active counter is not 0, the HLR sends the authentication set corresponding to the active
counter in a message to the VLR and reduces the value of the active counter by 1.
If the active counter is 0 and the standby counter is not 0, the HLR sends the authentication
set corresponding to the standby counter in a message to the VLR and reduces the value of the
standby counter by 1.
If the active and standby counters are 0, the HLR calculates the authentication set by using the
function which is used to calculate the AUC), sets the counters to the maximum value, and
then sends the calculated authentication set in a message to the VLR.
Feature Enhancement

The HLR9820 supports the authentication of both 2G and 3G subscribers. In the


authentication of 2G subscribers, the HLR9820 delivers the authentication triplets (SRES, KC,
and RAND). In the authentication of 3G subscribers, the HLR9820 delivers authentication
quintuplets (MAC, XRES, CK, IK, and AK). In addition, the authentication of 3G subscribers
supports the authentication of the network.
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The authentication f a 2G subscriber is implemented as follows:


On receiving a registration request from an MS/UE, the VLR/SGSN sends the HLR/AuC an
authentication request carrying the IMSI of the subscriber.
The HLR/AuC generates the RAND, calculates the authentication vectors (SRES, KC, and
RAND), and sends the authentication vectors to the VLR/SGSN.
The MSC/VLR sends an authentication command (containing the RAND) to the MS/UE. The
MS/UE calculates the SRESms based on the RAND and the KI stored in the MS/UE, and
sends the SRESms in a response message to the MSC/VLR.
If SRESms is equal to SRESauc, the subscriber is allowed to access the network.
Otherwise, the subscriber is not allowed to access the network.
The authentication f a 3G subscriber is implemented as follows:
On receiving a registration request from an MS/UE, the VLR/SGSN sends the HLR/AuC an
authentication request carrying the IMSI of the subscriber.
The HLR/AuC generates the SQN and RAND, calculates the authentication vectors (MAC,
XRES, CK, IK, and AK), and sends the authentication vectors to the VLR/SGSN.
The functions of authentication vectors are as follows:
The MS/UE uses the MAC to verify the validity of the network.
The network uses the XRES to verify the validity of the MS/UE.
The CK and IK are used for data encryption and data integrity verification over the
air interface.
The AK is used to encrypt the SQN.
The SQN is used to ensure the uniqueness of the authentication vector between the MS
and the VLR/SGSN. Different authentication vectors are used for the authentication, thus
ensuring that the CK and IK used in each call are calculated based on different RANDs.
In addition, the MAC used in each authentication is produced by using the SQN, which
is a variable that is increased by 1. Thus, the key used in each authentication is unique. It
can effectively prevent data security.
The AMF is another parameter used to calculate the authentication vectors. The default
value of the AMF varies according to the equipment vendor. The AMF of Huawei HLR
is set to 0x762C by default.
On receiving the authentication vectors, the VLR/SGSN sends RAND||AUTN to the MS/UE,
requesting the MS/UE to generate authentication data and verify SQN.
On receiving the authentication request, the MS/UE calculates the XMAC, and then compares
the XMAC with the MAC of the AUTN. If the XMAC is different from the MAC, the MS/UE
sends a message to the VLR to reject the authentication request. Meanwhile, the MS/UE
verifies whether the received SQN is within the valid range. If the SQN is invalid, the MS/UE
sends a synchronization failure message to the VLR. If the previous two verifications are
successful, the MS/UE calculates the RES and sends the RES to the VLR/SGSN.
On receiving the RES, the VLR/SGSN compares the RES with the XRES. If the RES is equal
to the XRES, the authentication is successful. Otherwise, the authentication fails.
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

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1.2.5.5 WHFD-200522 Authentication Failure Report


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR supports the procedure initiated by the VLR to inform the VLR of the
authentication failure of subscribers.
Benefits
For carriers
This function helps carriers to identify authentication fails and make statistics.
For subscribers
None.
Description

When an authentication fails, the VLR sends the HLR a message carrying the cause of the
authentication failure. The cause of authentication failure can be subscriber response error or
network signature error.
On receiving the message, the HLR returns a response message.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.5.6 WHFD-200531 Insert Subscriber Data


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

When the subscriber data stored in the HLR is modified, the HLR sends the VLR an Insert
Subscriber Data message, instructing the VLR to update the subscriber data.
This function can ensure data consistency between the VLR and the HLR when the data
stored in the HLR is modified.
Benefits

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For carriers
This function ensures data consistency between the VLR and the HLR.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR inserts (delivers) subscriber data to the VLR in any of the following procedures:
In the location update procedure, the HLR delivers all the subscription data of a
subscriber to the VLR.
When the subscriber data stored in the HLR is modified, the HLR delivers the updated
subscriber data to the VLR.
When the VLR initiates a data restoration procedure, the HLR delivers the subscriber
data to the VLR to ensure data consistency between the VLR and the HLR.
Feature Enhancement

If the VLR does not support the related service after receiving the Insert Subscriber Data
message from the HLR, the HLR can continue the service processing according to the data
configuration.
For example, if the Insert Subscriber Data message delivered to the VLR carries the data of
the ODB-BAOC service which is not supported by the VLR, the HLR can reject the location
update request of the subscriber or delivers the BAOC service data to the VLR according to
the data configuration.
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.5.7 WHFD-200532 Delete Subscriber Data


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

When the data of a subscriber is deleted from the HLR, the HLR sends the VLR a Delete
Subscriber Data message, instructing the VLR to delete the subscriber data. This function can
ensure data consistency between the HLR and the VLR when the data stored in the HLR is
deleted.
Benefits
For carriers
This function improves the fault recovery capability of the network and ensures data
consistency between the VLR and the HLR.
For subscribers
None.

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Description

When a service is withdrawn from a subscriber, the HLR sends a Delete Subscriber Data
message to the VLR, instructing the VLR to delete the subscriber data.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.5.8 WHFD-200541 Reset


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

When the HLR is restored, it sends the VLR a Reset message, instructing the VLR to retrieve
data from the HLR. This function can ensure data consistency between the HLR and the VLR
when a fault occurs on the HLR.
Benefits
For carriers
This function ensures data consistency between the VLR and the HLR.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The GU HLR supports standard reset procedure. To prevent data inconsistency between the
HLR and the VLR when the HLR restarts because of a fault, the HLR sends a Reset message
to the VLR, instructing the VLR to retrieve data from the HLR. On receiving a Reset message,
the VLR updates all the subscriber data associated with the HLR.
The Reset procedure can be initiated automatically or manually. During the migration of the
HLR, the Reset procedure needs to be manually initiated to ensure data consistency between
the HLR and the VLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

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1.2.5.9 WHFD-200542 Restore


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

When the VLR is restored, the VLR sends the HLR a Restore message, requesting the
subscriber data from the HLR. This function can ensure data consistency between the HLR
and the VLR when the VLR is faulty.
Benefits
For carriers
This function improves the fault recovery capability of the network and ensures data
consistency between the VLR and the HLR.
For subscribers
None.
Description

On receiving the Restore message from the VLR, the HLR delivers subscriber data to the
VLR, thus ensuring data consistency between the VLR and HLR.
When the data of a subscriber in the VLR is labeled "untrustworthy" or when the VLR fails to
identify the MSRN based on the Send Roaming Message sent from the HLR, the VLR sends a
Restore message to the HLR. The VLR can send a Restore message to update the data of a
subscriber.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.5.10 WHFD-200543 Check SS Indication


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

When the supplementary service data stored in the HLR9820 is changed, the HLR9820 can
inform the subscriber of the data change.

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Benefits
For carriers
This function helps to improve the ARPU.
For subscribers
Subscribers can learn about the service subscription conveniently.
Description

After the HLR restarts, the HLR sends a MAP_FORWARD_CHECK_SS_INDICATION


message to the VLR. The VLR then forwards the message to the MSC. The MSC informs the
subscriber of the service data change.
This procedure is incorporated in the location update procedure as a subscriber initiates a
location update after the HLR restarts. This procedure is bidirectional.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.6 WHFD-200600 Call Processing Functions


Call processing is the basic service provided by mobile networks. When a call is originated,
the MSC serving the caller is required to obtain the routing information of the called. On the
mobile network, the mobile station roaming number (MSRN) is provided as the routing
information of the callee. Based on the MSRN, the MSC serving the caller directs the call to
the MSC serving the callee for connection.
After a call is originated, the GMSC sends a MAP_SEND_ROUTING_INFORMATION
message to the HLR, requesting the routing information. On receiving the message, the HLR
sends a MAP_PROVIDE_ROAMING_NUMBER message to the MSC/VLR serving the
callee, requesting the MSRN. The MSC/VLR serving the callee sends the MSRN in a
MAP_PROVIDE_ROAMING_NUMBER ACK message to the HLR. The HLR then sends
the MSRN in a MAP_SEND_ROUTING_INFORMATION ACK message to the GMSC.
Figure 1-3 shows the basic call processing procedure.

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Figure 1-3 Call processing procedure

GMSC HLR VLR

MAP_SEND_ROUTING_INFORMATION

MAP_PROVIDE_ROAMING_NUMBER

MAP_PROVIDE_ROAMING_NUMBER ACK

MAP_SEND_ROUTING_INFORMATION ACK

The HLR provides the following call processing functions:


Send routing information(WHFD-200601)
Provide roaming number (WHFD-200602)

1.2.6.1 WHFD-200601 Send Routing Information


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

On receiving a Send Routing Information (SRI) message from the GMSC, the HLR delivers
the MSRN in a SRI response message to the GMSC.
Benefits
For carriers
None.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The SRI message is initiated by the GMSC. On receiving an SRI message, the HLR checks
the subscription data of the subscriber and then determine whether to obtain the MSRN or
return an error code or an FTN to the GMSC.
If the subscriber has the CFU service active, the HLR returns the FTN in an SRI
response message to the GMSC.

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If the callee is a roaming subscriber, the HLR obtains the MSRN from the MSC serving
the callee and sends the MSRN in a SRI response message to the GMSC.
The error code can be unknown subscriber, call barring, forwarding restriction, or absent
subscriber.
Feature Enhancement

The HLR9820 can process calls based on the configured bearer capability
If the received SRI message carries the ISDN-BC (bearer capability), the HLR first converts
ISDN-BC into the GSM-BC, and then translates it into the basic service code. If the
subscriber subscribes to the basic service, the HLR sends a PRN message to the VLR.
If the received SRI message does not carry the ISDN-BC, the HLR initiates a PRN message
according to the default basic service of the subscriber.
The HLR9820 supports multiple MSISDNs. If a call is originated to an auxiliary MSISDN,
the HLR obtains the basic service code based on the auxiliary MSISDN and sends a PRN
message to the VLR.
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.6.2 WHFD-200602 Provide Roaming Number


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR sends a Provide Roaming Number (PRN) message to the VLR. After obtaining the
MSRN, the HLR sends the MSRN in an SRI response message to the GMSC.
Benefits
For carriers
None.
For subscribers
None.
Description

On receiving an SRI message, the HLR sends a PRN message to the MSC/VLR serving the
callee, requesting the MSRN. The MSC/VLR serving the callee sends the MSRN in a PRN
response message to the HLR. The HLR then sends the MSRN in a SRI response message to
the GMSC.
Enhancement

None
Dependency
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The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.7 WHFD-200700 Supplementary Service Management


The GU HLR provides supplementary service management, which involves the following
operations:
SS registration (WHFD-200701)
SS withdrawal (WHFD-200702)
SS activation (WHFD-200703)
SS deactivation (WHFD-200704)
SS query (WHFD-200705)
SS password registration (WHFD-200706)
SS password verification (WHFD-200707)

1.2.7.1 WHFD-200701 SS Registration


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Subscribers can register supplementary services by using MSs/UEs.


Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide subscriber-oriented service procedures.
For subscribers
Subscribers can register supplementary services by using MSs/UEs without going to the
Customer Service Center.
Description

A subscriber can register a call forwarding service by using the MS/UE as long as the call
forwarding service is provided for subscriber on the provisioning system. The service
registration is implemented based on the basic service group. For example, either voice-based
call forwarding service or data-based call forwarding service can be registered.
During the registration, the subscriber enters the FTN on the MS/UE. On receiving a
RegisterSS message, the HLR stores the FTN registered by the subscriber and sets the service
status to Activated. Then, the HLR delivers the call forwarding service data to the VLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.


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1.2.7.2 WHFD-200702 SS Withdrawal


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Subscribers can withdraw supplementary services by using MSs/UEs.


Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide subscriber-oriented service procedures.
For subscribers
Subscribers can withdraw supplementary services by using MSs/UEs without going to
the Customer Service Center.
Description

A subscriber can withdraw a call forwarding service by using the MS/UE. The service
withdrawal is implemented based on the basic service group. For example, either voice-based
call forwarding service or data-based call forwarding service can be withdrawn.
On receiving an Erase SS message, the HLR deletes the FTN from the HLR and sets the
service status to Provided but Inactive. Then, the HLR delivers the call forwarding service
data to the VLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.7.3 WHFD-200703 SS Activation


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Subscribers can activate supplementary services by using MSs/UEs.


Benefits
For carriers

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Carriers can provide subscriber-oriented service procedures.


For subscribers
Subscribers can activate supplementary services by using MSs/UEs without going to the
Customer Service Center.
Description

A subscriber can activate a call barring service by using the MS/UE as long as the call barring
service is provided for subscriber on the provisioning system. The service activation is
implemented based on the basic service group. For example, either voice-based call barring
service or data-based call barring service can be activated.
On receiving an Activate SS message, the HLR sets the service status to Activated. Then, the
HLR delivers the call barring service data to the VLR.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.7.4 WHFD-200704 SS Deactivation


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Subscribers can deactivate supplementary services by using MSs/UEs.


Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide subscriber-oriented service procedures.
For subscribers
Subscribers can deactivate supplementary services by using MSs/UEs without going to
the Customer Service Center.
Description

A subscriber can deactivate a call barring service by using the MS/UE. The service
deactivation is implemented based on the basic service group. For example, either
voice-based call barring service or data-based call barring service can be deactivated.
On receiving a Deactivate SS message, the HLR sets the service status to Deactivated. Then,
the HLR delivers the call barring service data to the VLR.
Enhancement

None
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Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.7.5 WHFD-200705 SS Query


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Subscribers can query the status of supplementary services by using MSs/UEs.


Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide subscriber-oriented service procedures.
For subscribers
Subscribers can conveniently learn about the service information.
Description

A subscriber can query the status of the call forwarding service and call barring service by
using the MS/UE. On receiving an Interrogate SS message, the HLR delivers the service
status to the MSC. The query result is displayed on the MS/UE.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.7.6 WHFD-200706 SS Password Registration


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22004
Summary

Subscribers can change the password, which is used for activating a supplementary service,
by using MSs/UEs.
Benefits
For carriers
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Carriers can provide the basic service security verification for subscribers.
For subscribers
This function ensures service operation security.
Description

The initial password is required when a subscriber sets the password for a supplementary
service on the MS/UE. The default password is 0000.
Then, the subscriber is required to enter the new password. The new password must be
entered two times for confirmation. When activating a supplementary service on the MS/UE,
the subscriber is required to enter the password.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.7.7 WHFD-200707 SS Password Verification


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22004
Summary

When activating a supplementary service using the MS/UE, subscribers are required to enter
the password. If incorrect password is entered, the service activation cannot be performed
successfully.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide the basic service security verification for subscribers.
For subscribers
This function ensures service operation security.
Description

The password is required before a subscriber activates a supplementary service or modifies


the password of a supplementary service using the MS/UE. The HLR interacts with the MSC
to verify the validity of the subscriber.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.8 WHFD-200800 Protocols and Interfaces


The GU HLR supports MAP protocols and standard interfaces such as C, D, J, Gc, Gr, and Lh
interfaces.

1.2.8.1 WHFD-200801 Supporting MAP Protocols


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The GU HLR supports the following MAP protocols:


MAP Phase 1
MAP Phase 2
Benefits
For carriers
The GU HLR supports diversified services and smooth network evolution.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The GU HLR supports MAP Phase 1 and MAP Phase 2. It supports forward compatibility,
which allows smooth evolution towards later versions.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR provides this feature in compliance with standard protocols.

1.2.8.2 WHFD-200802 Supporting C, D, J, Gc, Gr, and Lh Interfaces


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The GU HLR supports the following interfaces:


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C interface (HLRMSC interface)


D interface (HLRVLR interface)
J interface (HLRgsmSCF) interface)
Gc interface (HLRGGSN interface)
Gr interface (HLRSGSN interface)
Lh interface (HLRGMLC interface)
The GU HLR supports the following bearer modes:
MTP2
MTP3
SCCP
TCAP
MAP
Benefits
For carriers
The GU HLR supports standard interfaces, thus facilitating interconnection between
NEs.
For subscribers
None.
Description

Figure 1-4 shows the interfaces supported by the GU HLR.

Figure 1-4 Interfaces supported by the GU HLR

BS

GSM/PSTN
ISUP
BS MSC
BSC C/D J
BS SCP Lc
Lg
Lh
Iu
GMLC
BS HLR Lg

Iu Gr CAP Gc

BS Gn Gi IP Network
RNC

SGSN GGSN
BS

Enhancement

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None
Dependency

The HLR provides this feature in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3 Features of the LTE


1.3.1 WHFD-401000 LTE Mobility Management
The SAE-HSS provides protocol-compliant mobility management, which involves the
following:
Location management (WHFD-401100)
Authentication management (WHFD-401200)
Subscriber management (WHFD-401300)
Fault recovery (WHFD-401400)
The SAE-HSS provides the following location management functions:
Location update (WHFD-401101)
Location cancellation (WHFD-401102)
Purge UE (WHFD-401103)
Authentication, as an important function in the mobile communication system, can prevent
unauthorized UEs from accessing the network. During the authentication process, the UE and
network perform calculations by using the shared parameters (generated by the network),
same algorithm, and keys stored in the UE and network respectively. If the same results are
produced, the UE is allowed to access the network.
The SAE-HSS provides standard authentication management, that is, authentication
information retrieval (WHFD-401201).
The SAE-HSS provides the following subscriber management functions:
Insert subscriber data (WHFD-401301)
Delete subscriber data (WHFD-401302)
The SAE-HSS provides standard fault recovery functions, that is, reset (WHFD-401401).
The SAE-HSS provides the notification request function (WHFD-401500)

1.3.1.1 WHFD-401101 Location Update


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

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The Update Location Request (ULR) is initiated by the UE to maintain subscriber data
consistency between the Mobility Management Entity (MME) and the SAE-HSS.
Benefits
For carriers
N/A
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS stores the information about the service subscription, location, and status of
subscribers. In the location update procedure of a UE, the SAE-HSS delivers the subscription
information of the subscriber to the MME.
Feature Enhancement

The location update procedure is initiated by the UE. In the LTE or SAE system, the
SAE-HSS, MME, and UE (or the USIM card) store the subscriber location information. The
location information stored in the SAE-HSS, MME, and UE must be consistent.
On detecting better signal strength in a location area, the UE sends an access request to the
MME in the target location area. If the source location area and the target location area are
served by the same MME, only the subscriber location information in the MME needs to be
updated. If the source location area and the target location area are not served by the same
MME, the MME in the target location area sends a message to the SAE-HSS to query the
information about the UE. The SAE-HSS sends the required information to the MME in the
target location area and informs the MME in the source location to delete the subscriber
information. After the UE accesses the target location area, the SAE-HSS updates the MME
number of the subscriber.
The network determines whether the source and target location areas are served by the same
MME by querying the UE information from the MME in the target location area. If the MME
in the target location area stores the IMSI of the UE, the source and target location areas are
served by the same MME. The network can obtain the IMSI of a UE from the previous MME
or from the UE.
Location update can be classified into the following types:
Normal location update.
Periodic location update
IMSI attached/detached
An Update Location Request (ULR) is sent to the SAE-HSS in any of the following cases:
A UE initiates a location update procedure.
A UE initiates a service operation as the HLR status is set to Faulty.
If HSS send a Reset to MME and/or SGSN, The MME or SGSN may include dynamic APN
and PGW ID data in the list of Active-APN AVPs, in order to restore this information in the
HSS after a Reset procedure. the HSS will delete all the stored dynamic PDN GW
information, if there are any, and then replace them by the PDN GW information received in
the list of Active-APN AVPs.
Dependency

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The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.1.2 WHFD-401102 Location Cancellation


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

Location cancellation is initiated by the SAE-HSS to delete subscriber data from the MME.
Benefits
For carriers
N/A
For subscribers
N/A
Description

To ensure that the subscriber data existing on the network is unique and up-to-date, the SAE
initiates the location cancellation procedure in any of the following cases:
When a subscriber roams from one MME to another MME, the HLR sends a Cancel
Location Request (CLR) to the previous MME, requesting the MME to delete the
subscriber data.
When a subscriber is deleted from the SAE-HSS or a new USIM card is provided for a
subscriber, the HLR sends a CLR to the serving MME, requesting the MME to delete the
original subscriber data.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.1.3 WHFD-401103 Purge UE


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

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If a subscriber is not registered with the network for a long time, the MME sends a Purge UE
Request (PUR) to the SAE-HSS. The SAE-HSS then sets the subscriber status to unreachable.
Benefits
For carriers
This function minimizes unnecessary traffic over the network.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

When a subscriber is not registered with the network for a certain period (the time can be
controlled by the MME), the MME initiates a Purge UE procedure by sending a PUR to the
SAE-HSSR. On receiving a PUR, the HLR sets the Purge flag to a value that indicates that
the subscriber is unreachable currently.
Feature Enhancement

In certain service processing procedures, the SAE-HSS is required to provide the status of a
subscriber. The SAE-HSS can obtain the subscriber status from the MME, or the MME can
inform the SAE-HSS of the subscriber status. The Purge UE procedure is initiated by the
MME to inform the SAE-HSS that a UE is not registered with the network for a long time. On
receiving a PUR, the SAE-HSS records the subscriber status. When the subscriber status is
required in other service processing procedures, the SAE-HSS need not query the subscriber
status from the MME, thus reducing unnecessary traffic over the network and increasing
service processing efficiency.
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.1.4 WHFD-401201 Authentication Information Retrieval


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

The SAE-HSS provides the authentication set on receiving an Authentication Information


Retrieval (AIR) request from the MME.
Benefits
For carriers
This function prevents unauthorized MSs/UEs from accessing telecommunication
networks and protects the interests of carriers.
For subscribers

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This function prevents fraudulent use of MS/UE, thus protecting the interests of
subscribers. In addition, the SAE-HSS supports authentication of networks, thus
minimizing the adverse effect of network fraudulence on subscribers.
Description

The SAE-HSS supports 3GPP EPS-AKA authentication, authentication quadruple (RAND,


XRES, AUTH, and KASME) used for authentication of LTE/SAE subscribers, and KDF
algorithm.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.1.5 WHFD-401301 Insert Subscriber Data


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

When the subscriber data stored in the SAE-HSS is modified, the HLR sends the MME an
Insert subscriber Data Request (IDR), instructing the MME to update the subscriber data.
This function can ensure data consistency between the MME and the SAE-HSS when the data
stored in the SAE-HSS is modified.
Benefits
For carriers
This function ensures data consistency between the MME and the SAE-HSS.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS inserts (delivers) subscriber data to the MME in any of the following
procedures:
In the location update procedure, the SAE-HSS delivers all the subscription data of a
subscriber to the MME.
When the subscriber data stored in the SAE-HSS is modified, the SAE-HSS delivers the
updated subscriber data to the MME.
When the MME initiates a data restoration procedure, the SAE-HSS delivers the
subscriber data to the MME to ensure data consistency between the MME and the
SAE-HSS.
Feature Enhancement
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If the MME does not support the related service after receiving an IDR from the SAE-HSS,
the HLR can deliver the data of the alternative service according to the data configuration.
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.1.6 WHFD-401302 Delete Subscriber Data


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

When the data of a subscriber is deleted from the SAE-HSS, the SAE-HSS sends the MME a
Delete Subscriber data Request (DSR), instructing the MME to delete the subscriber data.
This function can ensure data consistency between the SAE-HSS and the MME when the data
stored in the SAE-HSS is deleted.
Benefits
For carriers
This function ensures data consistency between the SAE-HSS and the MME when the
data stored in the SAE-HSS is deleted.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

When a service is withdrawn from a subscriber, the SAE-HSS sends a DSR to the MME,
instructing the MME to delete the subscriber data.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.1.7 WHFD-401401 Fault Recovery


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary
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When the SAE-HSS is restored from a failure, it sends the MME a Reset message, instructing
the MME to retrieve data from the SAE-HSS. This function can ensure data consistency
between the SAE-HSS and the MME when a fault occurs on the SAE-HSS.
Benefits
For carriers
This function ensures data consistency between the SAE-HSS and the MME and
improves fault recovery capability of the network.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS supports standard reset procedure. To prevent data inconsistency between the
SAE-HSS and the MME when the SAE-HSS restarts because of a fault, the SAE-HSS sends a
Reset message to the MME, instructing the MME to retrieve data from the SAE-HSS. On
receiving a Reset message, the MME updates all the subscriber data associated with the
SAE-HSS.
The Reset procedure can be initiated automatically or manually. During the migration of the
SAE-HSS, the Reset procedure needs to be manually initiated to ensure data consistency
between the SAE-HSS and the MME.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.1.8 WHFD-401402 Notification Request


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

The MME sends the SAE-HSS a Notification Request (NOR) in any of the following cases:
The UE information is updated without performing a location update
The PDN-GW allocated by an APN for a UE is reallocated, updated, or deleted.
Benefits
For carriers
This function ensures data consistency between the SAE-HSS and the MME and
improves fault recovery capability of the network.
For subscribers
N/A
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Description

The MME sends the SAE-HSS a Notification Request (NOR) in any of the following cases:
The UE information is updated without performing a location update
The PDN-GW allocated by an APN for a UE is reallocated, updated, or deleted.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.2 WHFD-402000 Protocols and Interfaces


The SAE-HSS supports the Diameter protocol and interfaces (including the S6a and SWx
interfaces) and the interface to the provisioning system.

1.3.2.1 WHFD-402010 Supporting the Diameter Protocol


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

RFC 3588
Summary

The SAE-HSS supports the Diameter protocol.


Benefits
For carriers
This feature helps carriers to provide more services and realize network evolution.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS supports the Diameter protocol on the service layer.


Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.2.2 WHFD-402020 Supporting the S6a/S6d Interface


Availability

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This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

The SAE-HSS interacts with the MME through the S6a interface.
The SAE-HSS supports IP, SCTP, and Diameter.
Benefits
For carriers
N/A
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS interacts with the MME through the S6a interface.

Enhancement

This feature has been enhanced since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31


Support interacts with the S4-SGSN through the S6d interface.
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.2.3 WHFD-402030 Supporting the SWx Interface (Non-3GPP)


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23401
3GPP TS 29272
Summary
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The SAE-HSS interacts with the AAA through the SWx interface.
The SAE-HSS supports IP, SCTP, and Diameter.
Benefits
For carriers
N/A
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The SAE-HSS interacts with the AAA through the SWx interface.

Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.2.4 WHFD-402040 Supporting connect DRA(Diemeter Router Agent)


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31.


Specification
RFC 3588
3GPP TS 29272
Summary

When HSS send a Diameter message, it relay the message to DRA(Diameter Routing Agent).
The DRA will routes and forwards the message to destination.

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Benefits
For carriers
Simplify and reduce the network connections.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

HSS can create multiple links with DRA and the links are work in load share mode. when one
link failed, other links will take over it.
HSS can connect with multiple DRAs, when one DRA failed, the HSS will send the Diameter
message to others. The selection of DRAs can be load share mode or primary-secondary
mode.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature in compliance with standard protocols.

1.3.2.5 WHFD-402060 Supporting the SLh Interface


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP TS 23271
3GPP TS 29173
Summary

The SAE-HSS interacts with the GMLC through the SLh interface.
The SAE-HSS supports IP, SCTP, and Diameter.
Benefits
For carriers
N/A
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The function of SLh interface is same as Lh interface. However, Lh is map based protocol and
SLh is diameter based protocol.
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Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS provides this feature in compliance with standard protocols.

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2 Optional Features

2.1 Common Features of the 2G/3G/LTE


2.1.1 WHFD-410100 Service-Specific Functions
2.1.1.1 WHFD-410101 Access Restriction Data (ARD)
Availability

This service has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C03.


Specification

3GPP29002, 3GPP 23401, 3GPP 23402, 3GPP 29272, 3GPP 29273.


Summary

The Access Restriction Data (ARD) service allows carriers to control the GSM subscribers'
access to the UMTS network.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to control 2G subscribers' access to the UMTS network, and
reasonably arrange and open the network resources for the subscribers.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to access the radio network according to the actual
requirement.
Description

The HLR is added with the access restriction flag. The access restriction flag is transmitted
between the HLR and the VLR or SGSN through the extended MAP Inserted Subscriber Data
(ISD). After receiving the ISD, the VLR or SGSN determines whether to allow the subscriber
access based on the access restriction flag carried in the ISD and the radio access system that
serves the subscriber. If the subscriber access is denied, the VLR or SGSN returns a message
carrying the cause value. The cause value can be flexibly configured by carriers. Assume that
a subscriber has subscribed to the ARD service whose data is
GREANAllowed/UTRANNOTAllowed and that the local MSOFTX3000 supports ARD 3G
restriction. When the subscriber attempts to access the local network from the 3G UTRAN,
the location update fails because of access restriction. Consequently, 2G subscriber's access to
the 3G network is under control.

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The SAE-HSS supports multiple types of access, such as GERAN, UTRAN, E-UTRAN, and
non-3GPP IP. Access restriction allows the SAE-HSS to control the access of UEs, thus
facilitating the network operation and maintenance.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.1.2 WHFD-219000 Authentication Center Function(AUC)


The authentication function is defined according to a protocol and is implemented by the
Authentication Center (AuC). Incorporating the AuC function, the HLR supports 3GPP
standard authentication procedures and the relevant authentication encryption algorithms.
The HLR supports the KI encryption (WHFD-219200) function. To ensure the security, the KI
data is encrypted during its transfer from the card manufacturer to the carrier. The HLR
supports the loading of the encrypted KI data and stores the encrypted KI data in the database.
Meanwhile, the key is also encrypted to ensure the security of the KI data.
The HLR uses K4 as the key, and encrypts and decrypts KI data by using the DES or AES
algorithm. The subscriber can select different K4s for encrypting the KI.

2.1.2.1 WHFD-219201 DES Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The Data Encryption Standard (DES) is a symmetric-key algorithm invented by IBM in 70s
of last century. Currently, it has been widely used in every field.
Benefits
For carriers
The DES algorithm provides high security. Without the key, it is difficult to decrypt the
KI data. Therefore, the DES algorithm can effectively protect the KI data and ensure the
security of the subscriber's authentication data.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The key of the DES algorithm is 56 bits long (or 64 bits long if the parity check bits are
considered). The DES is a block cipher encryption algorithm that takes 64 bits as a block.
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The HLR uses K4 as the key, and encrypts and decrypts KI data by using the DES algorithm.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.1.2.2 WHFD-219202 AES Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

None.
Summary

The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is the next generation encryption standard. It is the
most advanced encryption technology in the world and features fast speed and high security.
Benefits
For carriers
The AES algorithm provides high security. It can effectively protect the KI data and
ensure the security of the subscriber's authentication data.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The AES is a cryptographic algorithm announced by the National Institute of Standards and
Technology (NIST) on November 15th, 2002, as a replacement for the DES. The AES series
consist of various algorithms and testing standards of modules, including the Advanced
Encryption Standard (AES) in Federal Information Processing Standards Publication (FIPS
PUB) 197 and the Advanced Encryption Standard Algorithm Validation Suite (AESAVS)
designed by the NIST.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.1.2.3 WHFD-410530 COMP128-1 Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


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Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR supports the COMP128-1 algorithm.


Benefits
For carriers
This feature provides basic authentication algorithm to meet network authentication
requirements.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The COMP128-1 is a standard algorithm that realizes the A3 algorithm and the A8 algorithm.
The A3 algorithm is also referred to as the authentication algorithm. It calculates the SRES
based on the RAND generated by the HLR/AuC and the authentication key KI of the SIM
card. The SRES is used to identify a mobile subscriber.
The A8 algorithm is also referred to as the encryption key generator. It calculates the
encryption key Kc based on the RAND and KI. The A5 algorithm uses Kc as the key to
encrypt the signaling data and subscriber data transmitted over encrypted channels.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.1.2.4 WHFD-410540 COMP128-2 Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR supports the COMP128-2 algorithm.


Benefits
For carriers
The COMP128-1 is widely used in the GSM network. Therefore, the security of the
GSM network is not well protected. In comparison, the COMP128-2 algorithm is more
competitive and can protect the authentication security better.
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For subscribers
None.
Description

The COMP128-2 is a standard algorithm that realizes the A3 algorithm and the A8 algorithm.
The A3 algorithm is also referred to as the authentication algorithm. It calculates the SRES
based on the RAND generated by the HLR/AuC and the authentication key KI of the SIM
card. The SRES is used to identify a mobile subscriber.
The A8 algorithm is also referred to as the encryption key generator. It calculates the
encryption key Kc based on the RAND and KI. The A5 algorithm uses Kc as the key to
encrypt the signaling data and subscriber data transmitted over encrypted channels.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.1.2.5 WHFD-410550 COMP128-3 Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR supports the COMP128-3 algorithm.


Benefits
For carriers
Compared with the COMP128-2, the COMP128-3 algorithm can protect the
authentication security better.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The COMP128-3 is a standard algorithm that realizes the A3 algorithm and the A8 algorithm.
The A3 algorithm is also referred to as the authentication algorithm. It calculates the SRES
based on the RAND generated by the HLR/AuC and the authentication key KI of the SIM
card. The SRES is used to identify a mobile subscriber.
The A8 algorithm is also referred to as the encryption key generator. It calculates the
encryption key Kc based on the RAND and KI. The A5 algorithm uses Kc as the key to
encrypt the signaling data and subscriber data transmitted over encrypted channels.

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Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.1.2.6 WHFD-410560 Milenage Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP35205
3GPP35206
Summary

The HLR supports the 3G Milenage authentication algorithm.


Benefits
For carriers
This feature can satisfy the requirements of 3G UE and network for authentication
algorithms.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The Milenage authentication algorithm is an authentication algorithm adopted in the 3G


network. The USIM card supports the Milenage authentication algorithm only.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.1.2.7 WHFD-219700 G-Milenage Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
3GPP35205
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3GPP35206
Summary

The HLR supports the G-Milenage authentication algorithm. The G-Milenage algorithm is the
Milenage algorithm adopted in the GSM network.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature can satisfy the requirements of 2G MS and network for authentication
algorithms. It supports multiple authentication algorithms.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The G-Milenage authentication algorithm is an authentication algorithm adopted in the GSM


network. The SIM card supports the G-Milenage authentication algorithm. The G-Milenage
algorithm differs from the Milenage algorithm in the calculation result. To be specific, the
result calculated by using the Milenage algorithm is a quintuple, and the result calculated by
using the G-Milenage algorithm is a triplet; that is, the G-Milenage algorithm converts the
quintuple into triplet.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.1.2.8 WHFD-219800 XOR Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the XOR authentication algorithm.


Benefits
For carriers
This feature can satisfy the requirements of 2G MS and network for authentication
algorithms. It supports multiple authentication algorithms.
For subscribers
None.
Description

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The XOR authentication algorithm is an authentication algorithm adopted in the GSM


network. The XOR algorithm calculates the SRES and Kc based on the RAND generated by
the HLR/AuC and the authentication key KI of the SIM card. The SRES is used to identify a
mobile subscriber. The A5 algorithm uses Kc as the key to encrypt the signaling data and
subscriber data transmitted over encrypted channels.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The implementation of the XOR algorithm requires the cooperation of the MSC/VLR and
MSC.

2.1.2.9 WHFD-219900 CAVE38 Algorithm


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the CAVE38 authentication algorithm (CAVE38: the private authentication
algorithm used in MOTO iDEN system, and it is used for GSM authentication).
Benefits
For carriers
This feature can satisfy the requirements of iDEN system MS and network for
authentication algorithms. It supports multiple authentication algorithms.
For subscribers
None.
Description

MOTOROLA company iDEN system is integrated Digital Enhanced Network, it is used for
Centrex network of company. iDEN system adopts CAVE38 private authentication algorithm,
and the parameter of algorithm is the same as the GSM authentication parameters, but the KI
is 64 bit.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The implementation of the CAVE38 algorithm requires the cooperation of the MSC/VLR and
MSC.

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2.1.2.10 WHFD-410510 Support of SIM-AKA Authentication


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.


Specification

N/A
Summary

This function enables the SAE-HSS to calculate the triplet used for SIM-AKA authentication
and send it to the MME when a SIM-card subscriber attempts to access the LTE/SAE
network.
Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to provide the LTE/SAE services to 2G subscribers. This
helps to enhance carriers' competitive edge.
For subscribers
This function enables 2G subscribers to subscribe to the LTE/SAE services without
changing SIM cards.
Description

The SAE-HSS supports the SIM-AKA authentication, which allows an SIM-card subscriber
to be defined in or provided with the services on the LTE/SAE network without changing SIM
cards.
When a SIM-card subscriber sends an authentication request, the SAE-HSS can calculate and
generate RAND, SRES, and Kc, and then send them to the MME. After the authentication is
complete, the subscriber can access to the LTE/SAE network.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently, provided that the MME supports it.

2.1.2.11 WHFD-219901 Authentication Parameter Configurability Function


Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS V900R006C03.


Specification

None.
Summary

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The authentication parameter configurability function enables the SAE-HSS to configure


non-standard values for the authentication parameters C1 to C5 and R1 to R5.
Benefits
For carriers
The USIM cards configured with non-standard C1 to C5 or R1 to R5 parameters can be
authenticated successfully

For subscribers
None.
Description

C1 to C5 and R1 to R5 parameters are customized to improve the security of authentication


algorithms shows the algorithm process.
Figure 1 MILENAGE algorithm process

Enhancement

None
Dependency

None.

2.1.3 WHFD-210210 Seamless Geographic Redundancy Solution


of the HSS9860
Availability

This feature has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.

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Specification

N/A
Summary

The HSS supports the seamless geographic redundancy solution, which allows the active and
redundancy HSSs to be deployed in different places and the FE and BE to be independently
deployed. When the subscriber data in the active HSS is modified, the updated data is sent to
the redundancy HSS in real time. Thus, data synchronization between the active and
redundancy HSSs is ensured. In addition, the periodic data check function is enabled to
ensure data consistency between the active and redundancy HSSs.
Benefits

For carriers
This function enables carriers to ensure higher reliability and security of the HSS. This
reduces the CAPEX and OPEX of carriers and enhances their competitive edge.
For subscribers
N/A
Description

The HSS supports three types of seamless geographic redundancy solution:


1+1 active/standby redundancy solution
The FE and the BE are integrated. Data synchronization between the two HSSs is
implemented over the data layer. In normal conditions, the active HSS provides all the
services, and the redundancy HSS does not provide services.
1+1 load-sharing redundancy solution
The FE and the BE are integrated. Data synchronization between the two HSSs is
implemented over the data layer. In this solution, both HSSs provide services and each
HSS backs up the data of the other one.
Redundancy solution for separated deployment of the FE and BE
The FE and the BE are separately deployed. The FEs and BEs of the two HSSs work in
active/standby or load-sharing mode.
The seamless geographic redundancy solutions supported by the HSS have the following
features:
Use dedicated IP channels to automatically synchronize dynamic and static data between
the active and redundancy HSSs in real time, and provide the data consistency check
function to ensure subscriber data consistency between the two HSSs.
Support automatic switchover between the HSSs to ensure uninterrupted service
processing.
Allow the FE and BE to be deployed in different places, which facilitates network
planning of carriers.
Enhancement

HSS9860V900R009C20 Enhancement:

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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

The redundancy HSS can accept and process the Diamter Request Message with
destination-host set to Hostname of active HSS. Also, when sending a Diamter Request
Message to peer device, such as MME, the redundancy HSS can set the destination-host as
the hostname of active HSS. That is, the redundancy HSS can act as if it is active HSS.
Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this function independently. There are no special requirements for
other NEs.

2.1.4 WHFD-210220 N+1 Compatibility Redundancy Solution


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the N+1 compatibility redundancy solution.


Benefits

For carriers
This feature enables carriers to provide redundancy for the HLRs provided by other
vendors. When an active HLR fails, the redundancy HLR immediately takes over the
services. This improves the reliability of the network.
For subscribers
None.
Description

In this solution, multiple active HLRs (the number of active HLRs is indicated by N) are
provided by other vendors, and the redundancy HLR is provided by Huawei. In normal
conditions, the active HLRs provide services, and the redundancy HLR is ready to take over
the services of the active HLRs. If multiple active HLRs fail, the redundancy HLR takes over
the services of the faulty active HLRs at the same time, provided that the total number of
subscribers in the active HLRs is smaller than the number of dynamic subscribers that the
redundancy HLR supports.
Enhancement

The enhancement of the N+1 compatibility redundancy solution enables the redundancy HLR
to synchronize the data from the active HLRs in real time. If an active HLR fails, the
redundancy HLR will immediately and automatically take over the services of the faulty
active HLR, thus ensuring that the service processing is not interrupted.
Dependency

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The implementation of this feature requires data configuration on the STP or MSC to set up
link connection to the redundancy HLR.

2.1.5 WHFD-210230 Automatic FE Switchover


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

None.
Summary

This feature enables the FE of the redundancy HLR to automatically take over the services
from the FE of the active HLR when the BE of the active HLR is faulty. In this case, the FE
of the redundancy HLR communicates with the local BE (that is, the BE of the redundancy
HLR), consuming less bandwidth in comparison to the situation when the FE of the faulty
active HLR communicates with the BE of the redundancy HLR over the bearer network.
Benefits

For carriers
This feature helps carriers to lower the bandwidth requirements and reduce the cost for
redundancy solutions.
For subscribers
None.
Description

In the seamless geographic redundancy solution, if the BE of the active HLR becomes faulty,
the FE of the active HLR accesses the BE of the redundancy HLR over the bearer network.
The communication between the FE and BE over the bearer network, however, requires high
bandwidth. To lower the requirement for bandwidth, the HLR provides the automatic FE
switchover feature, which allows the FE of the redundancy HLR to take over the services
from the FE of the active HLR when the BE of the active HLR becomes faulty. In this case,
the FE of the redundancy HLR communicates with the local BE, which consumes less
bandwidth
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2 Features of the 2G/3G


2.2.1 WHFD-211000 CS Data Services
Availability
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These services are provided by the HLR9820 from V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR supports all standard circuit switch (CS) data services, including the facsimile
service, data CDA service, data CDS service, PAD access CA service, data PDS service, voice
and data alternative service, and telephony followed by data service.
Benefits
For carriers
These services enable carriers to provide diversified data services, thus satisfying the
requirements of telecommunication markets and enhancing their competitive edge.
For subscribers
Subscribers can obtain the most recent information resources anywhere at any time.
Description

The CS data services include the following services:


Facsimile service
Alternate Speech and Facsimile Group 3 (TS 61)
Automatic Facsimile Group 3 (TS 62)
Data CDA service
Asynchronous duplex circuit data service working at 300 bit/s (BS21), 1200 bit/s
(BS22), 1200/75 bit/s (BS23), 2400 bit/s (BS24), 4800 bit/s (BS25), and 9600 bit/s
(BS26)
Transparent/Non-transparent 3.1 kHz audio VF/UDI data service
Data CDS service
Packet access, synchronous non-transparent 3.1K audio /UDI working at 1200 bits/s
(BS31), 2400 bits/s (BS32), 4800 bits/s (BS33), and 9600 bits/s (BS34)
PAD access CA service
PAD access, circuit asynchronous, transparent/non-transparent 3.1k audio/UDI working
at 300 bits/s (BS41), 1200 bits/s (BS42), 1200/75 bits/s (BS43), 2400 bits/s (BS44),
4800 bits/s (BS45), and 9600 bits/s (BS46)
Data PDS service
Packet access, synchronous, UDI, non-transparent PDS service working at 2.4 kbits/s
(BS51), 4.8 kbits/s (BS52), and 9.6 kbits/s (BS53)
Voice and data alternative service (BS61)
Telephony followed by data service (BS81)
UMTS bearer service
Asynchronous bearer service (BS20)
Synchronous bearer service (BS30)
Enhancement

None
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Dependency

The HLR implements these services in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of these services requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.2 WHFD-212000 GPRS Services


The General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is developed on the basis of the existing GSM
system. The GPRS adopts packet switching functional entities in the GSM network to
implement transmission of packet data. It features real-time online, volume-based charging,
quick login, high transmission, and flexible switchover. The GPRS system, the expansion of
the GSM circuit switching system, enables mobile subscribers to access the Internet or other
packet data networks from the packet data mobile terminal.
The HLR supports the following GPRS functions:
2.5G GPRS (WHFD-212001)
3G GPRS (WHFD-212002)
Enhanced HSPA (WHFD-212003)
Support GPRS charging character (WHFD-212004)

2.2.2.1 WHFD-212001 2.5G GPRS


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22060
3GPP23060
3GPP29061
Summary

The packet data functions are implemented by using functional entities added in the GSM
network. The added functional entities comprise the GSM-GPRS network, provide bypass for
the data, and implement the GPRS service. The original GSM network implements the voice
function. In this way, the GPRS service is implemented without too many changes to the
GSM network. The added network functional entities include GGSN and SGSN. The GGSN
functions in a similar way as the GMSC, and the SGSN functions in a similar way as the
MSC/VLR.
The GPRS is mainly applied to E-mail service, Internet browsing, WAP service, e-commerce,
information query, and remote monitor.
Benefits
For carriers
This service enables carriers to manage the GSM and GPRS networks through one HLR,
thus saving the investment of carriers.
For subscribers
This service enables subscribers to access the Internet, send E-mails, browse the Internet,
enjoy e-commerce, and conduct remote monitoring anywhere at any time. Since the
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service charge is based on traffic volume, the subscribers can remain online all the time
without worrying about being charged based on time.
Description

The HLR provides the Gc/Gr interfaces, and supports GPRS attachment, obtaining routing
information, performing authentication, generating authentication failure reports, short
messages function, and tracing and querying messages over interfaces.
The HLR supports 2G and 2.5G GRRS services. It allows the subscriber to access GSM or
GPRS network, or both of them.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the GGSN and SGSN.

2.2.2.2 WHFD-212002 3G GPRS


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22060
3GPP23060
3GPP29061
Summary

Compared with the GSM network, the UMTS network greatly accelerates the data
transmission, thus providing high-speed and more reliable GPRS services.
Benefits
For carriers
This service enables carriers to manage the GPRS and UMTS networks through one
HLR, thus saving the investment of carriers.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to enjoy high-speed GPRS services in the 3G network.
Description

The HLR provides the Gc/Gr interfaces, and supports GPRS attachment, obtaining routing
information, performing authentication, generating authentication failure reports, short
messages function, and tracing and querying messages over interfaces.
The HLR supports the 3G GPRS service. Compared with the GSM GPRS service, the UMTS
GPRS service supports the extended QoS and the PDP charging characteristic, and provides
more powerful and excellent network services.

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Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the GGSN and SGSN.

2.2.2.3 WHFD-212003 Enhanced HSPA


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP24008
Summary

The High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) implements the high-speed downlink data
services in the UMTS network. At present, it is favored by carriers to develop high-traffic
mobile media services.
The High Speed Uplink Packet Access (HSUPA) aims to optimize the capacity and data
throughput in the uplink direction and minimize the delay in dedicated channels. The
enhanced HSPA specified in 3GPP defines a new transport channel to provide high-speed
uplink data services.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to provide HSPA-based high-speed data services.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to enjoy high-speed uplink and downlink broadband
services.
Description

The HLR manages the subscription data of the HSDPA and HSUPA services, and sends the
subscription data to the SGSN when subscribers originate GPRS location update requests.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires that the network supports the HSDPA and HSUPA services.

2.2.2.4 WHFD-212004 Support GPRS Charging Character


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


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Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP23060
3GPP 32215
3GPP 32015
Summary

The GPRS charging characteristics refer to the charging type adopted by a subscriber. The
method of generating CDRs varies according to the charging type.
Benefits
For carriers
This function allows carriers to specify different CDR generation methods for different
subscribers.
For subscribers
This function allows subscribers to choose a suitable charging service.
Description

The HLR9 supports the subscription of different charging characteristics and sends the
subscription data to the SGSN/GGSN. The charging characteristics supported by the HLR are
as follows:
NONE: no charging feature
HOT: hot charging, real-time charging
FLAT: flat charging
PREPAID: prepaid
NORMAL: ordinary charging
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the GGSN and SGSN.

2.2.3 WHFD-213000 Supplementary Services


The optional supplementary services include:
Call Waiting (CW)/Call Hold (CH)( WHFD-213001)
Multi-Party (MPTY)( WHFD-213002)
Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD)( WHFD-213003)
Closed User Group (CUG)( WHFD-213004)
PLMN Specific Supplementary Services (PLMNSS)( WHFD-213005)
Calling name presentation (CNAP)( WHFD-213006)

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2.2.3.1 WHFD-213001 Call Waiting (CW)/Call Hold (CH)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22083
3GPP23083
3GPP24083
Summary

The Call Waiting (CW) service allows the called party to receive a notification that another
party is trying to reach its number while the called party is engaged in an active call. The Call
Hold (CH) service allows a subscriber to place an existing active call on hold and answer
another incoming call.
Benefits
For carriers
This service can enhance the service provisioning capability of carriers and increase their
subscriber base. In addition, this service can improve call completion rate and improve
traffic volume.
For subscribers
This service can establish a call connection even when the called subscriber is busy. It
helps improve the call connection rate and thus enhances the subscriber satisfaction,
especially that of high-end subscribers and business subscribers.
Description

In the case of CW, the network informs the subscriber of another incoming call and requests
the subscriber to answer the call. The subscriber can determine whether to answer the call.
In the case of CH, the subscriber can establish a call connection to the second call and
alternate between the first call and the second call. The first call is placed on hold.
Generally, the CW and CH functions are used together. Therefore, the subscriber must
subscribe to the CW and CH services on the HLR. After the connection to a new call is
established, the subscriber needs to place the first call on hold so that the subscriber can
alternate between the first call and the second call.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.3.2 WHFD-213002 Multi Party SS(MPTY)


Availability

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This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22084
3GPP23084
3GPP24084
Summary

The Multi-Party (MPTY) service allows a subscriber to make a conference call with multiple
subscribers. The participants of the conference call can talk with each other. The MPTY
service allows a maximum of six subscribers to talk with each other simultaneously. The
controlling subscriber of the conference call can add, disconnect, and isolate a remote
subscriber. The remote subscriber can communicate with the controlling subscriber but cannot
talk with other participants of the conference call.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to provide a conference call solution to business subscribers,
which helps increase their subscriber base.
For subscribers
This service allows multiple subscribers to talk with each other in a simple conference
call.
Description

The MPTY service allows a subscriber to make a multi-connection call. That is, three or more
subscribers (participants) can communicate with each other at the same time. Huawei MSC
allows a maximum of six subscribers to participate in a conference call.
When an MPTY subscriber who is in conversation state answers a held call, the subscriber
can combine the two calls into an MPTY call through the MPTY service, and then talk with
the two callers at the same time.
The MPTY subscriber can perform the following operations:
Place the MPTY call on hold and resume it later.
Originate a new call, and place the MPTY call on hold.
In the case of an MPTY call and a single call, alternate between the two calls or add the
single call to the MPTY call.
Establish a private call connection with a remote subscriber. The call connection is
separate from the conference call.
Disconnect a remote subscriber.
Release an MPTY call.
Feature Enhancement

Before subscribing to the MPTY service, the subscriber must have subscribed to the CH
service.
Dependency

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The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.3.3 WHFD-213003 Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP24090
Summary

The Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) service allows a subscriber to send a
service request to the network by typing a non-standard supplementary service operation
command in USSD format on the MS/UE. The USSD service also allows the network to send
USSD commands to the MS/UE to implement a service.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to provide many value-added services, such as those
providing information related to stocks, lottery, weather forecast, and airline schedules.
Thus, it helps to enhance the service provisioning capability of carriers and increase their
subscriber base.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to obtain useful information related to stocks, lottery,
weather forecast, and airline schedules.
Description

Compared with the short message service, the USSD service can implement real-time short
message exchange. It is suitable for stock information query.
The HLR supports the USSD services of version 1 and version 2. It also sends the specified
USSD code to other NEs for further processing.
HLR support USSD code query of system level and subscriber level, we also support the
query according to the number range, that is, users of the same number range can use one
USSD code. HLR will map to different USSD center according to the USSD code and
number range.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the VMSC and SCP or USSD center.

2.2.3.4 WHFD-213004 Closed User Group (CUG)


Availability

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This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP22085
3GPP23085
3GPP24085
Summary

The Closed User Group (CUG) service allows one or more subscribers with the same
attributes to form a user group. The subscribers in the same group have the same calling
attributes. The CUG can be a small group consisting of few members or a large-sized
enterprise consisting of thousands of employees.
Benefits
For carriers
This service can enhance the service provisioning capability of carriers and attract
enterprise subscribers.
For subscribers
The subscribers within the CGU can enjoy flexible call rates.
Description

The CUG service enables subscribers, connected to a PLMN and other networks, to form
CUGs to and from which access is restricted. A subscriber can be a member of one or more
CUGs. The members of a CUG can communicate with each other but not, in general, with
users outside the group.
The attributes of the CUG are as follows:
CUG index: An ID assigned by the network to identify a CUG and used by the MS/UE.
CUG Interlock Code (IC): A code used by the network (not by the MS/UE) to identify
CUG membership.
Preferential CUG: When the CUG index is unavailable, the preferential CUG is used as
the default CUG index.
Inter-group incoming call allowed: The subscribers in the CUG with this attribute are
allowed to receive calls from the subscribers outside the CGU.
Inter-group outgoing call allowed: The subscribers in the CUG with this attribute are
allowed to originate calls to the subscribers outside the CGU.
Intra-group incoming call prohibited: The subscribers in the CUG with this attribute can
only originate calls to other subscribers in the CGU.
Intra-group outgoing call prohibited: The subscribers in the CUG with this attribute can
only receive calls from other subscribers in the CGU.
CUG call: A call originated in the same CUG or between CUGs.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.3.5 WHFD-213005 PLMN Specific Supplementary Services (PLMNSS)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The PLMN Specific Supplementary Services (PLMNSS) allow a subscriber to use the
supplementary services customized by carriers, such as Customized Ring Back Tone (CRBT)
and hot billing services.
Benefits
For carriers
This service facilitates the deployment of new services and reduces the service
development cost.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR supports the subscription of the PLMNSS. The value of the PLMNSS code ranges
from 241 to 245. During the location update, the HLR sends the PLMNSS subscription data
to the MSC/VLR through standard information element (IE). If carriers plan to introduce a
new service, they only need to define the PLMNSS code of the new service, and then develop
the service on the MSC/VLR.
Feature Enhancement

The HLR allows you to flexibly configure the delivery mode of the PLMNSS code; that is,
the HLR supports the following modes:
Delivering the PLMN-SS code in the ISD procedure
Delivering the PLMN-SS code with the MSRN in the SRI procedure
Delivering the PLMN-SS code with the MSRN/FTN in the SRI procedure
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.3.6 WHFD-213006 Calling Name Presentation (CNAP)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

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3GPP29002
Summary

The service displays the callers contact information to the callee.


Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide value-added services to subscribers. The CNAP service helps to
improve customer satisfaction.
For subscribers
Callees can obtain the detailed information about callers..
Description

The Calling Name Presentation (CNAP) service is a supplementary service provided to the
callee. It is similar to the Calling Line Identification Presentation (CLIP) service. When the
subscriber, who has the CNAP service active, is called, the MSC serving the callee obtains the
contact information of the caller from the contact information database and displays the
contact information to the callee.
The contact information database stores the contact information of subscribers, such as the
subscriber name.
Feature Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.4 WHFD-214000 CAMEL Services


The Customized Applications for Mobile Network Enhanced Logic (CAMEL) is a set of
intelligent network (IN) solution designed to work on a GSM or WCDMA network.
CAMEL allows the WCDMA network to provide services that are independent of the existing
network. It allows carriers to provide new services over the existing network infrastructure.
The CAMEL is considered as a new network feature rather than a new supplementary service.
In a CAMEL mobile network, the carrier can provide customized services for subscribers
even if the subscribers roam out of the home network.
The CAMEL development consists of four phases, that is, CAMEL phase 1, CAMEL phase 2,
CAMEL phase 3, and CAMEL phase 4.
The four CAMEL phases support different applications:
CAMEL phase 1: It is applicable to the services related to MO/MT calls.
CAMEL phase 2: It is applicable to the services related to the supplementary service
invocation.
CAMEL phase 3: It is applicable to the SMS MO service, GPRS sessions, PDP context,
HLR subscriber data control, and network signaling load.
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CAMEL phase 4: It is applicable to the SMS MT service.


The CAMEL service of higher version encompasses the subscription data of lower version.
The HLR supports the four CAMEL versions.

2.2.4.1 WHFD-214100 CAMEL Phase 2


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP23078
Summary

The CAMEL is a network feature and is incorporated into the GSM and IN network entities.
When a CAMEL subscriber roams or serves as the called party, the CAMEL data is
transmitted between the HPLMN and the VPLMN to trigger the IN services of the subscriber.
Benefits
For carriers
The HLR supporting the CAMEL allows the subscriber to subscribe to the IN service
immediately and makes IN service configuration more flexible. The CAMEL enables
carriers to add new services and new features more flexibly and conveniently. In addition,
carriers can use the features provided by the existing IN network, such as the familiarity
number service, pre-paid service, and message station service. This feature also reduces
the subsequent investment in equipment.
For subscribers
This feature allows subscribers to enjoy various IN services provided by the HLR, such
as familiarity number, message station service, and advice of charge.
Description

The HLR supports the following CAMEL-related functions:


Provides the MAP interface to connect to the gsmSCF.
Supports CAMEL phase 1 and CAMEL phase 2.
Supports the subscription of O-CSI, T-CSI, SS-CSI, and TIF-CSI data.
Enables the CAMEL subscriber who has subscribed to the U-CSI or UG-CSI data to
interact with the HLR in USSD mode.
Provides subscription items that specify actions to be taken by the HLR if the NEs do not
support the CAMEL.
The implementation of the CAMEL feature requires the support from the network entities in
the IN network, including SSP, SCP, and SCF.
The intelligent subscription items of CAMEL phase 2 include:
Originating CAMEL Subscription Information (O-CSI) (WHFD-214101)
Terminating CAMEL Subscription Information (T-CSI) (WHFD-214102)
Supplementary Service Invocation Notification CAMEL Subscription Information
(SS-CSI) (WHFD-214103)
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Translation Information Flag CAMEL Subscription Information (TIF-CSI)


(WHFD-214104)
USSD CAMEL Subscription Information (U-CSI) (WHFD-214105)
USSD General CAMEL Subscription Information (UG-CSI) (WHFD-214106)
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.4.2 WHFD-214200 CAMEL Phase 3


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP23078
Summary

The HLR supports the services of CAMEL phase 3.


Benefits
For carriers
The HLR supporting the CAMEL allows the subscriber to subscribe to the IN service
immediately and makes IN service configuration more flexible. The CAMEL enables
carriers to add new services and new features more flexibly and conveniently. In addition,
carriers can use the features provided by the existing IN network, such as the familiarity
number service, pre-paid service, and message station service. This feature also reduces
the subsequent investment in equipment.
For subscribers
This feature allows subscribers to enjoy various IN services provided by the HLR, such
as familiarity number, message station service, and advice of charge.
Description

On the basis of CAMEL phase 2, CAMEL phase 3 supports the following services:
O-CSI (WHFD-214201)
T-CSI (WHFD-214202)
SS-CSI (WHFD-214203)
TIF-CSI (WHFD-214204)
U-CSI (WHFD-214205)
UG-CSI (WHFD-214206)
GPRS CAMEL Subscription Information (GPRS-CSI) (WHFD-214207)
Short Message Service CAMEL Subscription Information (SMS-CSI) (WHFD-214208)
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Dialed Service CAMEL Subscription Information (D-CSI) (WHFD-214209)


Mobility Management CAMEL Subscription Information (M-CSI) (WHFD-214210)
VMSC Terminating CAMEL Subscription Information (VT-CSI) (WHFD-214211)
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.4.3 WHFD-214300 CAMEL Phase 4


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP29078
Summary

The HLR supports the services of CAMEL phase 4.


Benefits
For carriers
The HLR supporting the CAMEL allows the subscriber to subscribe to the IN service
immediately and makes IN service configuration more flexible. The CAMEL enables
carriers to add new services and new features more flexibly and conveniently. In addition,
carriers can use the features provided by the existing IN network, such as the familiarity
number service, pre-paid service, and message station service. This feature also reduces
the subsequent investment in equipment.
For subscribers
This feature allows subscribers to enjoy various IN services provided by the HLR, such
as familiarity number, message station service, and advice of charge.
Description

In addition to the services of CAMLE phase 3, CAMEL phase 4 supports the following
services:
Mobile-Originated Short Message Service CAMEL Subscription Information
(MO-SMS-CSI) (WHFD-214301)
Mobile-Terminated Short Message Service CAMEL Subscription Information
(MT-SMS-CSI) (WHFD-214302)
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.5 WHFD-215000 Other Services and Functions


Other services and functions are:
Call Forwarding Default (CFD) (WHFD-215001)
Automatic Device Detection (ADD) (WHFD-215003)
Location Service (LCS) (WHFD-215004)
SMS Call Forwarding (WHFD-215005)

2.2.5.1 WHFD-215001 Call Forwarding Default (CFD)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The Call Forwarding Default (CFD) service is a special service provided by the HLR. The
implementation of the CFD service does not require the cooperation with the MSC/VLR.
Benefits
For carriers
After a subscriber has the CFD service activated, almost all the calls to the subscriber
can be connected. At least, the calls can be connected to the FTN (such as the voice
mailbox) specified by the CFD service. In this way, the call completion rate of the
overall network can be improved substantially. In addition, the CFD service has greatly
simplified the configuration of call forwarding services. If a subscriber wants to forward
all the calls to the same number, you can specify an FTN during the provisioning of the
CFD service. Thus, you do not have to configure the FTN for every conditional call
forwarding service separately.
The CFD service allows carriers to provide powerful and flexible call forwarding
function for subscribers. It also helps carriers to enhance their competitive edge.
For subscribers
If a subscriber has registered the CFD service, almost all the calls to the subscriber can
be connected. At least, the calls can be connected to the FTN (such as the voice mailbox)
specified by the CFD service. This ensures smooth communication for subscribers.
Description

The CFD is supplementary to the conditional call forwarding services CFB, CFNRy, and
CFNRc. As it is a non-standard supplementary service, it does not have any allocated
supplementary service code. Therefore, the registration and deregistration of the CFD service
can be performed only by carriers.
If a subscriber has activated the CFD service based on a basic service but does not have the
conditional call forwarding service activated based on the same basic service, the calls to the

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subscriber are forwarded to the FTN specified by the CFD service. This can ensure that every
call to the subscriber is connected.
A conditional call forwarding service is not activated in the following cases:
The subscriber has not subscribed to subscribe to the conditional call forwarding service.
The subscriber has not registered the conditional call forwarding service.
The subscriber has not activated the conditional call forwarding service.
Assume that subscriber A has registered and activated the CFD service; the registered FTN is
N1, which is the number of a voice mailbox, and subscriber A has not registered the CFB
service. When subscriber B makes a call to subscriber A, who is engaged in another call, the
call is forwarded to N1, that is, subscriber A's voice mailbox.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The CFD service is a special service provided by the HLR. The interface involved in the CFD
service complies with standard protocols. There is no special requirement for the MSC/VLR.

2.2.5.2 WHFD-215003 Automatic Device Detection (ADD)


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR provides the Automatic Device Detection (ADD) function provided that the ADD
server is deployed in the network. The ADD server stores the type and configuration of user
equipment (UE). If the HLR detects the change of the IMEISV, IMSI, or subscription data, it
sends the subscriber information and MS/UE information to the ADD server, which then
automatically sends the configuration data to the MS/UE.
Benefits
For carriers
This function simplifies the operations of the subscribers who use the data services, and
thus increases the customer satisfaction.
For subscribers
This function facilitates subscribers to use new services. Instead of conducting the
complex network setting, subscribers can use services directly after they change their
SIM or USIM cards or MSs/UEs. For example, the ADD function allows the GPRS
service data to be automatically set on the MS/UE before a subscriber uses the GPRS
service. As a result, subscribers are more willing to use new data services.
Description

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During the location update of a subscriber, the MSC sends the IMEISV of the subscriber
through the location update request to the HLR. The HLR checks whether the IMEISV of the
subscriber changes. If the IMEISV changes, the HLR sends a message to the ADD server. The
ADD server then sends the relevant configuration data to the MS/UE based on the type of the
MS/UE. (The ADD server stores and manages the configuration data of various types of
MS/UE, such as the configuration of the MMS and GPRS. It also allows the configuration
data to be automatically sent to the MS/UE.)
When detecting the change of the IMSI, MSISDN, IMEISV, or subscription data such as the
subscriber identity (pre-paid service subscriber or post-paid service subscriber), the HLR
sends the relevant modification information to the ADD server. The ADD server then updates
the configuration data of the MS/UE through the network.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR works with the ADD server to implement the ADD function. In addition, a
proprietary interface, namely, the SOAP interface, is required between the HLR and the ADD
server.

2.2.5.3 WHFD-215004 Location Service (LCS)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP22071
3GPP23171
3GPP24030
3GPP25305
3GPP25923
3GPP29002
Summary

The Location Service (LCS) is a service that complies with the GSM standards. It functions
independently from any basic service.
Benefits
For carriers
With the development of the telecommunication market, the provisioning of the LCS
service is inevitable. Carriers should provide the LCS service as soon as possible to meet
the requirements of the market and enhance their service competitiveness.
For subscribers
The LCS allows subscribers to learn about their current location, and thus brings about
great convenience to the daily life.
Description

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The LCS service can identify the specific location of a subscriber based on the channel ID
(CID) or latitude and longitude. The SMLC is a network entity that implements the LCS
service. Different from the GPS, the LCS service capitalizes on the existing GSM network.
Carriers can provide the LCS service by deploying several LCS functional entities, without
many changes to the network.
The HLR supports the subscription of the LCS service in Universal, Call related, Non-call
related, or PLMN operator mode. The HLR also supports the Lh interface used for connecting
to the GMLC and provides routing function of the LCS service.
If the LCS service can be implemented in the whole network, the LCS subscriber can query
the location information through the mobile IN network or the Internet that supports the LCS
service. If the third-party application of the LCS is very mature, the subscriber can learn of
the current location at any time, or whether a supermarket or cinema is available in the nearby
and how to get there. The subscriber can also specify other subscribers so that they can locate
the subscriber and learn of the whereabouts.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the GMLC, SMLC, MSC, and SGSN.

2.2.5.4 WHFD-215005 SMS Call Forwarding


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP23039
3GPP23040
3GPP23041
3GPP24011
3GPP24012
Summary

Short messages are forwarded to a third party according to the requirements of the carriers,
network, or subscribers. This service is called Short Message Service Call Forwarding
(SMSCF).
Benefits
For carriers
The SMSCF service is a value-added and helps increase the receiving success rate of
short messages
For subscribers
After the system provides the SMSCF service to subscribers, subscribers can activate or
deactivate the service based on actual requirements. Therefore, subscribers can flexibly

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control the implementation of SMSCF and select the terminal and the place to receive
short messages. This improves the quality of short message receiving.
Description

HLRb serving the subscriber who has subscribed to the SMSCF service checks whether this
subscriber can receive and send short messages and whether the current short message should
be forwarded. If yes, HLRb simulates the SMSC to send an SMS route request to the HLRc
that serves the forwarded-to party. (If both the forwarded-to party and the forwarding party
belong to HLRb, this flow is implemented within HLRb.) After HLRc sends the location
information and IMSI of subscriber C to HLRb, HLRb sends a message to the SMSC. This
message contains the location information of subscriber C, instead of the location information
of subscriber B.
The SMSC sends the short message to subscriber C based on the IMSI and location
information of subscriber C in the message.
Forwarding short messages to a subscriber of other HLR

The message flow is as follows:


1. The SMSC sends the SendRoutingInfoForSm message to the HLR.
2. After HLRb receives the SendRoutingInfoForSm message, it checks the subscription
information of subscriber B.
If subscriber B has subscribed to, registered, and activated the SMSCF service but the
forwarded-to party is not a local HLR subscriber, HLRb sends the SendRoutingInfoForSm
message to HLRc serving the forwarded-to party. In this message, MSISDN is the
forwarded-to number.
3. HLRc sends the SendRoutingInfoForSMAck message to HLRb.
4. HLRb sends the SendRoutingInfoForSMAck message to the SMSC.

Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the SMSC.

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2.2.6 WHFD-216000 Mobility Services


The mobility services include Subscriber Information Services (WHFD-216100).
The Subscriber Information Services consist of:
Any Time Interrogation (WHFD-216101)
Provide Subscriber Information (WHFD-216102)
Any Time Modification (ATM) (WHFD-216103)

2.2.6.1 WHFD-216101 Any Time Interrogation (ATI)


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The Any Time Interrogation (ATI) is a standard protocol-compliant subscriber information


service.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to adopt the call charge rate based on the location to which a
subscriber roams. It also helps carriers to enhance their competitive edge.
For subscribers
Subscribers can benefit from the area-specific call charges.
Description

This function enables the SCP to interrogate the HLR for the location and status information
of subscribers.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the MSC, VLR, and SCP.

2.2.6.2 WHFD-216102 Provide Subscriber Information (PSI)


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

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3GPP29002
Summary

The Provide Subscriber Information (PSI) is a standard protocol-compliant subscriber


information service.
Benefits
For carriers
This function allows carriers to obtain detailed location and status information of
subscribers to provide more powerful functions. For example, carriers can adopt the call
charge rates based on the cell to which a subscriber roams. Thus, this function helps
carriers to enhance their competitive edge.
For subscribers
Subscribers can benefit greatly from the area-specific call charges or enjoy better
network service.
Description

The HLR obtains the information about the current cell and the status information of the
subscriber from the VLR to which the subscriber roams. The HLR then sends the queried
information to the GMSC through the SRI response or sends the queried information to the
SCP through the ATI response.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.6.3 WHFD-216103 Any Time Modification(ATM)


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The Any Time Modification (ATI) is a standard protocol-compliant subscriber information


service. SCP send ATM message to modify the subscription data.
Benefits
For carriers
This function make carriers adopt the new service more quickly.
For subscribers
NA
Description
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This function enables the SCP to modify the following subscription data in HLR.
Activate or deactivate the BAOC and BAIC service.
Activate or deactivate the O-CSI, T-CSI and M-CSI service.
Activate or deactivate the ODBOC and ODBIC service.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the SCP.

2.2.7 WHFD-217000 Networking Functions


The networking functions include:
Multi-SP (WHFD-217001)
TDM 2M Signaling Link (WHFD-217002)
MAP phase2+ (WHFD-217003)
SIGTRAN (WHFD-217004)
SCTP multi-homing (WHFD-217005)
Supporting FNR(Flexible Number Route) (WHFD-217006)
Supporting the IPv6 Protocol (WHFD-217007)

2.2.7.1 WHFD-217001 Multiple Signaling Points


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

This function enables a physical HLR to be configured with multiple signaling points. It can
increase the number of link connections between the HLR and the neighboring NEs and
expand the capacity of the links between the HLR and the neighboring NEs.
Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to break through the link limitation and improve its
signaling processing capability of the HLR, without imposing additional requirements on
the neighboring NEs.
For subscribers
None.
Description
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Due to the limitations imposed by the MTP layer protocol, only a maximum of 16 signaling
links can be configured between two neighboring signaling points. When the number of
subscribers exceeds the limit, the 16 links between the HLR and a signaling point cannot meet
the requirements of signaling data transmission, thus causing link congestion.
The Multiple Signaling Points function allows you to configure a maximum of 16 signaling
points on an HLR. Consequently, the HLR can establish a maximum of 16 16 links with a
neighboring signaling point without imposing additional requirements on the peer entity, thus
meeting the requirements of signaling data transmission.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.7.2 WHFD-217002 TDM 2M Signaling Link


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

Huawei HLR supports TDM 2 Mbit/s links.


Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to reduce cost and simplify networking. In addition, if the
EIR does not support the multi-SP function, it is subject to the limitation of sixteen 64
kbit/s links. If the sixteen 64 kbit/s links cannot meet the traffic requirements, the 2
Mbit/s links are preferred.
For subscribers
None.
Description

With the increase in the capacity and processing capability of the HLR, the processing
capacity of a signaling link decreases due to congestion. The processing speed of a 2 Mbit/s
signaling link is 31 times that of a traditional No.7 signaling link. Therefore, the 2 Mbit/s
signaling link can address the challenges posed by heavy load on the HLR more effectively.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.7.3 WHFD-217003 MAP Phase2+


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

Huawei HLR supports MAP phase2+.


Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to provide the services that are based on MAP phase2+,
thus making more profits.
For subscribers
This function allows subscribers to enjoy the services that are based on MAP phase2+.
Description

MAP phase2+ is supplementary to the MAP protocol. It is intended to help carriers to develop
more GSM supplementary services and telecommunication services.
MAP phase2+ supports CSI-triggered IN services (including CAMEL phase 1 and CAMEL
phase 2), regardless of voice service or data service.
In addition, MAP phase2+ can help carriers to implement the LCS service.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.7.4 WHFD-217004 SIGTRAN


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

Huawei HLR supports SIGTRAN, namely, IP networking. The HLR meets diversified
networking requirements. The signaling bearer between the HLR and other NEs can be TDM
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and IP. In addition, the signaling type is not subject to the limitation of the physical bearer
type, and thus can be selected flexibly.
Benefits
For carriers
This function enables carriers to reduce cost in the SG construction.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR provides the M3UA adaptation function to implement the conversion between
MTP3/MTP2-based TDM bearer and SCTP/IP-based IP bearer for the MAP signaling. M3UA
is the adaptation layer of MTP3. It adapts MTP3 subscriber messages to the SCTP layer for
transmission over IP bearer. The M3UA layer must support MTP3 signaling point
management and MTP routing management. Therefore, to implement the SG function over
M3UA, the SG entity must be configured with the MTP signaling point code.

The SIGTRAN function does not include the M2UA function.


Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs. If the peer end adopts TDM for bearing No. 7 signaling, an SG must be adopted for
signaling conversion.

2.2.7.5 WHFD-217005 SCTP Multi-Homing


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

RFC2960
Summary

In IP networking, the HLR provides the SCTP multi-homing function, which improves the
reliability of the IP network.
Benefits
For carriers
This function can improve the reliability of the IP network.
For subscribers
None.
Description

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In IP networking, the HLR/HSS provides the SCTP multi-homing function, which allows
multiple source addresses and destination addresses to be configured for an IP link. The
source addresses can be configured on the same board or on different boards. Thus, multiple
logical links and physical paths are established. The source addresses and destination
addresses are assigned different connection priorities and located in different network
segments, and different network equipment can be connected to an SCTP association. Thus,
single-point failure is eliminated from the IP links through the SCTP associations, and the
reliability of the IP network is improved.
Enhancement

HSS9860 provide SCTP multi-homing function for both HLR and SAE-HSS
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.
The SAE-HSS implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function. Implementing it, however, requires the cooperation of the
MME.

2.2.7.6 WHFD-217006 FNR(Flexible Number Route)


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31.


Specification

RFC2960
Summary

The Flexible Number Routing (FNR) feature enables the Home Subscriber Server (HSS) to
forward CS-domain Mobile Application Part (MAP) messages to the Home Location Register
(HLR), allowing carriers to provide long term evolution (LTE) services for 2G and 3G
subscribers without upgrading their HLRs.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature enables carriers to provide LTE services for 2G and 3G subscribers without
upgrading their HLRs. This maximizes carriers' return on investment..
For subscribers
This feature enables 2G and 3G subscribers to use LTE services without changing their
mobile station international ISDN numbers (MSISDNs) or international mobile
subscriber identities (IMSIs). This improves subscriber experience.
Description

All MAP messages to HLR should be forwarded to HSS firstly by STP, and then HSS will
forward the message to HLR based on its configuration or subscription.
HSS can forward MAP messages to the HLR based on IMSI prefix, MSISDN prefix or
individual subscriber.

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HSS can be configured to forward CS-domain messages only, PS-domain messages only,
or BOTH.

HSS can be configured to calculate the AVs authentication vectors for all domain
(CS/PS/EPS), or only EPS domain. If HSS is configured to calculate EPS domain AVs only,
HSS will forward MAP authentication message to HLR.

Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the HLR.

2.2.7.7 WHFD-217007 Supporting IPv6

Availability

This function has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C20.

Specification

3GPP TS 29.272

Summary

This feature enables the HSS9860 to support the IPv6 address type.

Benefits
For carriers
The IPv6 address type is required when the IPv4 address resources is insufficient. HSS9860
support IPv6-based applications, which meet the demand of carriers to expand network
deployment.
For subscribers
None.

Description

The HSS9860 supports PDP-Type of IPv6 and IPv4v6.


The HSS9860 supports PDN-Type of IPv6 and IPv4v6.
The HSS9860 can process the messages that contain the IPv4 or IPv6 address type at the
Diameter signaling layer.

Enhancement

N/A

Dependency

None.

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2.2.8 WHFD-218000 Enhanced Functions


The enhanced functions include certain special services, such as the multi-MSISDN, hot
billing, voice ring back tone, and voice broadcast services.

2.2.8.1 WHFD-218001 VLR Regional Roaming Restriction Services


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The VLR Regional Roaming Restriction service is based on VLR/SGSN roaming list. Every
subscriber is configured with a VLR/SGSN roaming list.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to provide the local communication service for the
subscribers or provide roaming restriction services for the subscribers individually, thus
enhancing their competitive edge.
For subscribers
The subscriber who has subscribed to this service can enjoy relatively low charge rate. If
carriers provide the roaming restriction service for subscribers individually, the
subscribers can specify their roaming areas.
Description

The VLR Regional Roaming Restriction service allows carriers to provide various roaming
restriction services flexibly. Without deploying any extra network equipment, carriers can
restrict the subscriber's roaming to certain specified VLRs or prevent the subscriber from
roaming to certain specified VLRs through the subscriber roaming restriction template in the
HLR.
The VLR Regional Roaming Restriction service supports template-based configuration. On
the HLR, carriers can specify certain VLR numbers, and define a roaming restriction template
containing these VLR numbers. When subscribing to the VLR Regional Roaming Restriction
service, the subscriber only needs to reference the template. This feature can greatly improve
the working efficiency of carriers.
The VLR Regional Roaming Restriction service is widely used for the local communication.
Carriers can define a roaming template that contains all the VLR numbers of the local
network. The subscriber who subscribes to the roaming template can roam only to the local
network (such as a city, a province, or an area).
To provide the VLR Regional Roaming Restriction service to a subscriber, carriers must
configure a VLR/SGSN roaming list for the subscriber. The list describes the roaming rules
(for example, whether roaming is allowed) and the default roaming rule.
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When a subscriber performs location update in the CS or PS domain, the VLR/SGSN initiates
a location update request to the HLR. The HLR then checks the subscriber's VLR/SGSN
roaming list. If the number of the VLR/SGSN matches a record in the VLR/SGSN roaming
list, the HLR determines whether the subscriber is allowed to roam to the area according to
the specified roaming rule. If the number of the VLR/SGSN cannot match any record in the
VLR/SGSN roaming list, the HLR uses the default roaming rule to determine whether the
subscriber is allowed to roam to the area.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.2 WHFD-218002 CAMEL Restriction Function


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The CAMEL Restriction service is a special service provided by the HLR. Sometimes, when
the HLR sends CAMEL data to the MSC/SGSN, the MSC/SGSN does not support the
CAMEL data due to its poor compatibility. Consequently, the location update procedure or the
SRI procedure fails, and the subscriber cannot access the network or serve as the called party.
To improve the network compatibility of the HLR, the CAMEL Restriction service allows
you to configure a switch. When the switch is turned on, it can prevent the HLR from sending
certain specified CAMEL data to the MSC/SGSN. This helps prevent the problems described
here.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to configure the subscriber-based CAMEL processing
capability on the HLR. Thus, carriers can provide more customized CAMEL services for
subscribers. This service helps carriers to enhance their competitive edge.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR supports the CAMEL Restriction service. Carriers can configure the service on the
HLR to control whether it should send CAMEL data in a procedure.
The HLR provides the following CAMEL restriction solutions:
Selective Bypass

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This is a CAMEL-based selective bypass solution. When the called party passes the
selective bypass authentication, the HLR does not include the T-CSI information of the
subscriber's PPS service into the SRI response message.
SMS-CSI delivery restriction
The HLR determines whether to deliver the SMS-CSI based on the VLR or SGSN to
which a PPS subscriber roams. For example, if the subscriber roams to the country that
has not signed the CAMEL roaming agreement, the HLR does not send the SMS-CSI to
the subscriber, and the subscriber can send short messages.
VLR-based outgoing call restriction
The HLR determines whether to deliver the outgoing call restriction data based on the
VLR to which the PPS subscriber roams. For example, if the subscriber roams to the
country that has not signed the CAMEL roaming agreement, the subscriber is not
allowed to originate calls.
Subscriber-oriented CAMEL service customization
When a subscriber roams outside the local network, the HLR determines whether to
deliver the O-CSI and T-CSI data based on the network compatibility and the CAMEL
agreement signed between carriers. For example, according to the basic service keys,
carriers can specify that:
The CAMEL logic is triggered only when the subscriber roams to the specified areas.
Whether the subscriber is allowed to access the network after the subscriber roams to
the areas where the CAMEL is not supported.
Whether a call is allowed when the network serving the calling party does not support
the CAMEL.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.3 WHFD-218003 TCSI Suppression Enhancement


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the enhanced TCSI suppression function. Carriers can configure the
service to determine whether the HLR should send the T-CSI data.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to configure the subscriber-based CAMEL processing
capability on the HLR. Thus, carriers can provide more customized CAMEL services for
subscribers and enhance their competitive edge.
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For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR supports the T-CSI suppression function. When a subscriber serves as the called
party, the HLR checks whether the subscriber roams to the local VLR. If yes, the SRI
response message does not contain the T-CSI flag. If no, the SRI response message contains
the T-CSI flag.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.4 WHFD-218004 Supporting Multiple OP


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The operator variant algorithm configuration field (OP) is a parameter introduced for
authentication calculation when the MILENAGE algorithm is used. All the subscribers of a
carrier use the same OP to distinguish themselves from the subscribers of other carriers. At
present, the HLR allows a carrier to set multiple OPs.
Benefits
For carriers
This function allows different USIM cards to use different OPs, thus greatly enhancing
the security of the system.
For subscribers
Every subscriber can have his/her own OP. Consequently, the security of the USIM card
is further improved.
Description

OP is a parameter used in the UMTS authentication. Carriers can configure UMTIS


authentication algorithms by setting the OP. The OP is stored in the HLR/AuC and the USIM
card. The HLR supports multiple OPs. Different USIM cards in an HLR can use different
OPs.
Enhancement

None
Dependency
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The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.5 WHFD-218005 Hot Billing


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the Hot Billing service, which is a customized supplementary service.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to provide real-time billing services, such as the telephone
lease service.
For subscribers
Subscribers can obtain the call bill in real time and enjoy real-time billing services.
Description

If the subscriber has subscribed to the Hot Billing service, the MSC sends the original CDR
generated during the call to the iGWB. The iGWB then allocates a separate channel for the
final CDR and sends the final CDR to the billing center in real time for charging.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

This service is a non-standard service. The implementation of this service requires the
cooperation of Huawei MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.6 WHFD-218006 Alternative Line Service (ALS)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The Alternative Line Service (ALS) allows a subscriber to have two different MSISDNs with
one MS/UE and one SIM/USIM card. The two MSISDNs are charged separately.
Benefits

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For carriers
This service helps carriers to increase their subscriber base and enhance their
competitive edge.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to apply for two numbers to make business calls and
private calls separately, without having to prepare two SIM cards.
Description

This service allows subscribers to make both business calls and private calls by using one
MS/UE and one SIM/USIM card. Therefore, the charging for the business calls and private
calls is performed separately.
The implementation of the ALS service requires the support from the MSC/VLR. In addition,
the MS/UE must support the configuration of line 1 and line 2.
The two MSISDNs of the ALS service have the following features:
The two MSISDNs map to line 1 and line 2 respectively. When a subscriber originates a
call, the MSISDN for the line through which the call is set up is displayed to the called
party.
The ALS service supports the activation of supplementary services for line 2 separately,
including call barring, call forwarding, and CW services.
The MSISDN of line 2 can only receive short messages. It cannot be used to send short
messages or perform USSD operations.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

This service is a non-standard service. The implementation of this service requires the
cooperation of Huawei MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.7 WHFD-218007 HLR-Specific Roaming Restriction


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR-specific roaming restriction function is based on the VLR/SGSN roaming list. Once
being configured, the VLR/SGSN roaming list is effective for all the subscribers served by an
HLR.
Benefits
For carriers
This function is a system function provided by the HLR and is effective for all the
subscribers in the HLR. It allows carriers to configure roaming restriction more flexibly.

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For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR-specific roaming restriction function configures a VLR/SGSN roaming list for the
HLR. In addition, the list contains a roaming rule (whether roaming is allowed) and a default
roaming rule.
When the VLR/SGSN initiates a location update request, the HLR queries the VLR/SGSN
roaming list and checks whether the VLR/SGSN number matches a record in the VLR/SGSN
roaming list. If yes, the HLR uses the roaming rule to determine whether the subscriber is
allowed to roam. If no, the HLR uses the default rule to determine whether the subscriber is
allowed to roam. The roaming restriction rule in the VLR/SGSN roaming list is valid to all the
subscribers served by the HLR.
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.8 WHFD-218008 SMC Address Filtering


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the filtering of messages from short message centers (SMCs) according to
an address list.
Benefits
For carriers
This function can prevent malicious attacks through short messages and reduce the load
of the HLR and the network.
For subscribers
None.
Description

You can configure an SMC address list on the HLR. The HLR can shield short messages from
the short message centers contained in the address list. This can prevent malicious attacks and
reduce the load of the HLR and the network.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

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The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.9 WHFD-218009 SCP Address Filtering


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the SCP address filtering function.


Benefits
For carriers
This function can prevent malicious attacks through short messages and reduce the load
of the HLR and the network.
For subscribers
None.
Description

You can configure an SCP address list on the HLR. The HLR can shield short messages from
the SCPs contained in the address list. This can prevent malicious attacks and reduce the load
of the HLR and the network.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.10 WHFD-218010 CF-specific Black and White Lists


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The CF-specific black/white list function provided by the HLR allows you to control the CF
service registration of subscribers. This function is effective for all the subscribers served by
the HLR. You can configure call forwarding rules for the specified FTNs on the HLR. Based
on the configuration, the HLR controls whether a subscriber can register these FTNs.

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Benefits
For carriers
This function allows carriers to manage the CF registration of subscribers more flexibly
and prevent the registration of unauthorized numbers.
For subscribers
This function prevents subscribers from incurring financial loss resulting from
registration of unauthorized FTNs.
Description

The CF-specific black/white list function is effective for all the subscribers. Carriers can
specify FTN segments (including the start FTN and the end FTN) according to the actual
condition, and configure the call forwarding rule and the default call forwarding rule based on
the number segments. If the FTNs registered by a subscriber are within the number segments,
the HLR adopts the call forwarding rule. If not, the HLR uses the default call forwarding rule.
If the call forwarding rule or the default call forwarding rule prohibits the registration of the
FTNs, the registration fails.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.11 WHFD-218011 Network Capability Configuration (NCC)


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The Network Capability Configuration (NCC) feature allows you to configure the capability
sets for the services and MAP operations supported by the VLR, so that the HLR can process
services and MAP procedures according to the capability sets, thus improving the network
compatibility.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature can improve the HLR's compatibility with the surrounding NEs, increase the
HLR's MAP operation success rate and efficiency, meet carriers' customized network
compatibility requirements, and facilitate the network deployment.
For subscribers
None.
Description

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The NCC feature is implemented based on the NCC template and the VLR/SGSN type; that is,
it is implemented by loading NCC templates to the VLR/SGSN Type table. A VLR/SGSN
number prefix corresponds to an NCC template. In the HLR, the handling of the following
situations varies according to the services supported by the VLR/SGSN and the MAP
operation capabilities:
Special services
Certain special services such as MPTY and PLMNSS are supported only by certain
VLRs. If the HLR intends to send the data of these special services to the VLR in the
location update procedure and subscriber data insertion procedure, the HLR queries the
VLR Type table according to the VLR number to obtain the corresponding NCC
template. Then, the HLR processes the services according to configuration data in the
template.
Matching between the VLR number and the VLR Type table
In the CS domain, the HLR and the VLR may support different MAP phases. When
performing MAP operations such as location update and subscriber data insertion, the
HLR queries the VLR Type table according to the VLR number to obtain the NCC
template and the MAP phase supported by the VLR. Then, the HLR processes data as
follows:
If the HLR receives the MAP message initiated by the VLR and the MAP phase in
the message is higher than that configured in the NCC template, the HLR performs
version negotiation.
If the HLR initiates the MAP message, the HLR performs the MAP operation
according to the MAP phase supported by the VLR, which is defined in the NCC
template. This prevents version negotiation and saves link resources.
Matching between the SGSN number and the SGSN Type table
In the PS domain, the HLR and the SGSN may support different MAP phases. When
performing MAP operations such as location update and subscriber data insertion, the
HLR queries the SGSN Type table according to the SGSN number to obtain the NCC
template and the MAP phase supported by the SGSN. Then, the HLR processes data as
follows:
If the HLR receives the MAP message initiated by the SGSN and the MAP phase in
the message is higher than that configured in the NCC template, the HLR performs
version negotiation.
If the HLR initiates the MAP message, the HLR performs the MAP operation
according to the MAP phase supported by the SGSN, which is defined in the NCC
template. This prevents version negotiation and saves link resources.
Mismatching between the VLR number and the VLR Type table
In the CS domain, not all the VLR numbers are configured in the VLR Type table.
Sometimes, the HLR may fail to match the VLR Type table by using the VLR number.
In this case, a network compatibility failure occurs. Therefore, the HLR needs to provide
the default NCC template of the VLR. When the HLR fails to obtain the NCC template
because no matching record is found in the VLR Type table, the HLR processes the
services and MAP procedures according to the default NCC template.
Mismatching between the SGSN number and the SGSN Type table
In the PS domain, not all the SGSN numbers are configured in the SGSN Type table.
Sometimes, the HLR may fail to match the SGSN Type table by using the SGSN number.
In this case, a network compatibility failure occurs. Therefore, the HLR needs to provide
the default NCC template of the SGSN. When the HLR fails to obtain the NCC template
because no matching record is found in the SGSN Type table, the HLR processes the
services and MAP procedures according to the default NCC template.
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Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.12 WHFD-218012 Ring Back Tone Service


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The Ring Back Tone (RBT) service allows subscribers to customize RBT to replace the
traditional RBT. When the RBT subscriber is called, the calling party hears the RBT
customized by the called party. The RBT can be the customized music or recorded voice.
Benefits
For carriers
This service can provide extra revenue for carriers and improve the subscriber
satisfaction.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to change the RBT flexibly and enables the calling party
to enjoy brilliant music or customized RBT.
Description

The RBT service is a service provided to the called party. It can play a piece of music or a
greeting subscribed by the called party to the calling party, instead of a common RBT.
After a subscriber subscribes to the RBT service, the subscriber can customize the RBT by
accessing a WWW or WAP site, or by dialing an access code. When an idle RBT subscriber is
called, the HLR plays a piece of music, DIY announcement, or video according to the calling
number, home area of the called party, and the time specified by the called party, instead of
the common RBT to the calling party.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

This service is a non-standard service. The implementation of this service requires the
cooperation of MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.13 WHFD-218013 Local Mobile Station Identity (LMSI)


Availability
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This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the Local Mobile Station Identity (LMSI) function, which is designed
especially for certain special areas. Certain services are provisioned in cooperation with the
satellite mobile telecommunication system. The HLR provides the LMSI function to facilitate
the provisioning of these services.
Benefits
For carriers
This function allows carriers to provide services in special areas under the help of the
satellite mobile telecommunication system. It also helps carriers to expand the service
coverage and enhance their competitive edge.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The basic process of the LMSI function is as follows:


The VLR sends the Location Area Code (LAC) of the subscriber to the HLR in the location
update procedure.
The HLR stores the received LMSI cells without any processing.
The HLR sends the LMSI cells to the VLR when initiating the PRN request.
With the LMSI function provided by the HLR, carriers can provide services in some special
areas under the help of the satellite mobile telecommunication system.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The implementation of this function requires the cooperation of MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.14 WHFD-218014 Zone Code


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The HLR supports the Zone Code Roaming Restriction service, through which the
MSC/SGSN can narrow the roaming areas of a subscriber to cells.
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Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to provide the local communication service for the
subscribers or provide roaming restriction services for the subscribers individually. It
also helps carriers to enhance their competitive edge.
For subscribers
The subscriber who has subscribed to this service can enjoy relatively low charge rate
and save the expense. If carriers provide the roaming restriction service for subscribers
individually, the subscribers can specify their roaming areas.
Description

The Zone Code Roaming Restriction service allows carriers to provide various roaming
restriction services flexibly. Compared with the VLR Regional Roaming Restriction service,
the Zone Code Roaming Restriction service allows carriers to narrow the roaming areas of a
subscriber to cells specified by the zone codes. A zone code identifies the areas planned for
implementing the roaming restriction service. A roaming area can be defined with a maximum
of 10 zone codes.
When a subscriber subscribes to the zone code, if the CC and NDC of the VLR/SGSN that
serves the subscriber are included in the subscription data, the HLR delivers the zone code list
to the VLR/SGSN. After the VLR/SGSN receives the zone code list, it restricts the roaming
according to the zone codes of the areas to which the subscriber roams. Roaming is restricted
if the zone code of the area to which the subscriber roams is not included in the zone code list.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC, VLR, and SGSN.

2.2.8.15 WHFD-218016 CS Allocation/Retention Priority (CARP)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The CS Allocation/Retention Priority (CARP) service allows carriers to set the priority for
subscribers during network congestion. It is valid to the subscribers only in the CS domain.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to allocate different priorities to different subscribers and
thus provide voice services of different QoS for the subscribers accordingly. This service
also allows carriers to provide QoS solutions for the subscribers flexibly. When the

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network is congested, carriers can provide excellent voice service with short call
connection time, high voice quality, and high call completion rate for the high-end
subscribers. The line allocated to the low-end subscribers may be occupied or the voice
encoding rate of the line is decreased for attracting more high-end subscribers.
For subscribers
This service ensures that the high-end subscribers enjoy better voice and data services.
Description

The CARP service allows carriers to set the following priorities:


High priority (for subscribers of level 1)
Common priority (for subscribers of level 2)
Low priority (for subscribers of level 3)
Carriers can set subscriber priority for the access process and the service hold process
separately.
The HLR manages the CARP data of subscribers. The HLR sends the CARP data to the VLR
that serves the subscribers. Upon call setup, the VLR sends the CARP data to the RNC. The
RNC then provides differentiated services to the subscribers based on the CARP priorities.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.16 WHFD-218017 PS Allocation/Retention Priority (ARP)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
Summary

The PS Allocation/Retention Priority (ARP) service allows carriers to set the priority for
subscribers during GPRS network congestion. It is valid to the subscribers only in the PS
domain.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to allocate different priorities to different subscribers and
thus provide voice services of different QoS for the subscribers accordingly. This service
also allows carriers to provide QoS solutions for the subscribers flexibly. When the
network is congested, carriers can provide excellent voice service with short call
connection time, high voice quality, and high call completion rate for the high-end
subscribers. The line allocated to the low-end subscribers may be occupied or the voice
encoding rate of the line is decreased for attracting more high-end subscribers.
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For subscribers
This service ensures that the high-end subscribers enjoy better voice and data services.
Description

The ARP service allows carriers to set the following priorities:


High priority (for subscribers of level 1)
Common priority (for subscribers of level 2)
Low priority (for subscribers of level 3)
Carriers can set subscriber priority for the access process and the service hold process
separately.
The HLR manages the ARP data of subscribers. The HLR sends the ARP data to the SGSN
that serves the subscribers. Upon call setup, the SGSN sends the ARP data to the RNC. The
RNC then provides differentiated services to the subscribers based on the ARP priorities.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the GGSN and SGSN.

2.2.8.17 WHFD-218018 Global Tracing Function


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

3GPP29002
3GPP TS 32.422
Summary

To rectify a fault in the increasingly-complex telecommunication network, you need to


identify the root cause of the fault, analyze the root cause, and then rectify the fault
accordingly. The global network tracing function allows you to trace and collect information
about the specified subscriber at minimum consumption of system resources. With this
function, the maintenance personnel can pinpoint a fault to a specific NE, analyze the cause of
the fault, and then rectify the fault.
Benefits
For carriers
This function enables the maintenance personnel to pinpoint a fault in a network to a
specific NE, and then rectify the fault. It helps carriers to improve the fault handling
efficiency.
For subscribers
None.

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Description

The global network tracing function enables the network to trace the network entities in the
case of certain special events and obtain the call-related information. This function complies
with the GSM 12.08 protocol.
The HLR supports the global network tracing function. As a part of the end-to-end tracing
solution, the HLR supports the CS domain-based tracing function. The HLR instructs the
MSC/VLR that serves a subscriber to trace the subscriber. The MSC records the information
about the actions of the traced subscriber (such as location update, MS power-on/off, call
origination/termination, and short message origination/termination) in a tracing file, and
stores the file in the BAM. Thus, the maintenance personnel can locate failures by reading the
tracing file.
Enhancement

HSS9860 also support EPS domain-based global tracing function


Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.18 WHFD-218019 Video Fallback


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP23172
3GPP23018
Summary

The HLR supports the video fallback function.


Benefits
For carriers
This function can automatically convert a video call into a common call when the
conditions of a video call cannot be met. It can improve the call completion rate between
3G subscribers and the subscriber satisfaction.
For subscribers
This service can automatically convert a video call into a common call when the
conditions of a video call cannot be met, thus simplifying the subscribers' multimedia
service operations.
Description

The HLR complies with the 3GPP 23.172 and 23.018 protocols. The HLR also supports the
multimedia service fallback function. When a subscriber originates a multimedia call, the
network automatically converts the call into a common call in the following cases:

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The MS/UE of the called party does not support VP calls.


The called party refuses to answer the call in VP mode.
The called party has not subscribed to the VP service.
The called party roams to a GSM network.
During the VP call, the calling or called party switches to a GSM network.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.19 WHFD-218021 USSD Barring


Availability

This function has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the barring of the USSD operations.


Benefits
For carriers
This function enhances carriers' control over the USSD operations performed by
subscribers and ensures the interests of carriers.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR allows you to determine whether to bar the subscriber's USSD operations by
configuring the global data. Assume that a subscriber has subscribed to a customized
supplementary service with the service code of PLMN-SS-1. If you want to bar the USSD
operations of the PLMN-SS-1 service, set the USSD_BAR (PLMN-SS barring) parameter to
PLMN-SS-1 during the global data configuration. Currently, the HLR supports the barring of
the USSD operations for 15 customized supplementary services, ranging from PLMN-SS-1 to
PLMN-SS-F.
Feature Enhancement

USSD stands for Unstructured Supplementary Service Data. For example, carriers provide the
RBT service to a subscriber and allow the subscriber to activate the RBT service through the
MS/UE. The subscriber's activation of the RBT service on the MS/UE is called a USSD
operation.
Dependency

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The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.20 WHFD-218022 2G/3G QoS Mapping


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the 2G/3G QoS mapping feature.


Benefits
For carriers
This feature enhances the network's compatibility.
For subscribers
None.
Description

In the GPRS location update procedure, if the SGSN carries the GPRS enhancement flag in
its message, it indicates that the SGSN supports the 3G QoS service. In this case, the HLR
sends the GPRS QoS data to the SGSN directly. If the SGSN does not carry the GPRS
enhancement flag in its message, the HLR maps the GPRS QoS data into 2G data and then
sends the 2G data to the SGSN.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.21 WHFD-218023 Dialing Identification Code (DIC)


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the Dialing Identification Code (DIC) service.


Benefits

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For carriers
This service helps carriers to increase their subscriber base and enhance their
competitive edge.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to learn about the charge of the calls destined for a
certain subscriber category.
Description

The DIC service allows a subscriber to query the charge of the calls destined for a certain
subscriber category, such as family, colleague, and classmate.
A DIC subscriber originates a call by dialing called number + # + dialing identification
code. Here, dialing identification code can be any number specified by the subscriber. The
charge of the calls to a subscriber category can be obtained according to the dialing
identification code in the Call Detail Record (CDR).
Enhancement

None
Dependency

This service is a non-standard service. The implementation of this service requires the
cooperation of Huawei MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.22 WHFD-218024 Multimedia RBT


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the multimedia RBT service.


Benefits
For carriers
This service helps carriers to increase their subscriber base and enhance their
competitive edge.
For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to change their multimedia RBT flexibly, so that the
calling parties can enjoy customized video/audio services.
Description

The 3G network supports the high-speed video services. The multimedia RBT service is
developed based on the traditional RBT service. The multimedia RBT service allows
subscribers to customize the video or audio chips according to their favorites or requirements
to replace the traditional RBT. When these subscribers are called, the calling parties can view
the customized video or listen to the customized RBT.
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Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.23 WHFD-218027 Enhanced Multi-Level Precedence and Pre-Emption


(eMLPP)
Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP 22067
3GPP 23067
3GPP 24067
Summary

The enhanced Multi-Level Precedence and Preemption (eMLPP) service allows the network
to adopt different network resources allocation policies (the queuing policy and preemption
policy) based on subscriber priorities when the network resources are insufficient. In addition,
the service also enables the network to adopt different call connection setup flows and
resource allocation flows to meet the requirements for delay of calls with different priorities.
When network resources are sufficient, the eMLPP service plays a weak role because its
preemption capability cannot be fully used. When network resources are insufficient, the
eMLPP service plays an important role because it can help carriers to maximize benefits.
Benefits
For carriers
This service allows carriers to segment the subscriber base and differentiate service
offering to meet expectation from different subscriber groups. When network resources
are insufficient, the eMLPP service can help carriers to maximize benefits.
For subscribers
This service enables subscribers of different eMLPP priorities to enjoy differentiated
services.
Description

The eMLPP service is a supplementary service that complies with GSM 02.67, GSM 03.67,
and GSM 04.67 protocols. This service allows high-priority subscribers to enjoy faster call
setup. When the call resources are insufficient, high-priority calls can seize the resources
(A-interface circuits or trunk circuits) of low-priority calls. Thus, the high-priority calls can
be connected in precedence. This service helps carriers to provide differentiated services to
subscribers.

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The eMLPP service provides seven priorities: A, B, 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4. The two highest
priorities (A and B) are reserved for network internal use, for example, for emergency calls or
for specific Voice Broadcast Service (VBS) or Voice Group Call Services (VGCS). These two
priorities may only be used in the domain of one MSC/VLR. Priorities A and B are mapped to
level 0 for priority treatment outside the MSC area where they are applied. The other five
priorities are offered for subscribers and can be applied globally. If supported by all related
network elements, they can also be used for interworking with ISDN networks providing the
Multi-Level Precedence and Preemption (MLPP) service. A subscriber can be assigned a
highest priority and a default priority. The default priority cannot override the highest priority.
If the MS/UE supports the modification of the eMLPP priority, A subscriber can modify the
default priority through the MS/UE. During a location update procedure, the HLR inserts the
highest priority and default priority to the VLR.
A subscriber can be assigned one or more priorities. The subscriber can select a priority for
each call within the authorized priorities. The network allocates resources to each call
according to the priority. In addition, the subscriber can select different call connection setup
modes for calls with different priorities.
The eMLPP service involves fast call connection setup and queuing & preemption.
Fast call connection setup
Whether to use fast call setup can be configured for a call of a certain priority.
Queuing & preemption
When the network resources (such as trunk circuits, signaling channels, and service
channels) are limited, the network holds calls of high priority and offers preferential
treatment for these calls in queuing, and even allows these calls to seize the resources of
low-priority calls.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC, VLR, BSC, RNC, and MS/UE.

2.2.8.24 WHFD-218028 Multi IMSI Multi MSISDN (MIMM)


This service consists of the following services:
WHFD-218034 Multiple MSISDN Service
WHFD-218035 Multiple IMSI service

2.2.8.24.1 WHFD-218034 Multiple MSISDN Service


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

None.

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Summary

The HLR supports the Multiple MSISDN solution.


Benefits
For carriers
This service enables carriers to increase their subscriber base and enhance their
competitive edge. Carriers can make flexible charging policies to attract subscribers, thus
making more profits.
For subscribers
This service enables subscribers to use one card and multiple MSISDNs according to
their requirement. By using different MSISDNs in different regions, subscribers can
enjoy the local charging policy while roaming.
Description

The HLR9820 supports the Multiple MSISDN solution that allows a subscriber to be
provided with an IMSI and 32 MSISDNs. It is applicable to subscribers who need to use
different MSISDNs on one MS/UE. For example, a subscriber can use one MSISDN at work
and another MSISDN at home, or different MSISDNs in different countries (local numbers in
several locations, so that callers can save long-distance charges.):

Multiple MSISDN numbers (one master, others slave), all MSISDNs can receive call and
SMS, but only master MSISDN can make originated call and originated SMS.
Subscribers can use USSD command to switch master MSISDN and slave MSISDN.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The implementation of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.24.2 WHFD-218035 Multiple IMSI Service


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V900R003 and HLR9820 V900R006C06.
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Specificationy

None.
Summary

The Multiple IMSI service enables a subscriber to use different SIM cards that are associated
with the same MSISDN.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide flexible charging policies to attract more subscribers, increase revenue,
and enhance their competitive edge.
For subscribers
Subscribers can benefit as follows:
Use the same MSISDN to make calls on different terminals, such as mobile stations
(MSs), vehicle-mounted stations, and wireless fixed stations.
Use the same MSISDN to request both the circuit switched (CS) and packet switched
(PS) services on different MSs. For example, use one MS to make voice calls and the
other to surf on the Internet.
Use the same MSISDN to access services on both the 2G and 3G networks.
Share the same MSISDN among their family members.
Provide a uniform Enterprise access number for customers.
Description

The HLR supports the Multiple IMSI service by allowing a subscriber to use the same
MSISDN associated with a maximum of nine SIM cards. Each card is configured with its
own authentication data and dynamic data, and can be used to initiate calls, receive calls, or
only receive short messages. The SIM card connection sequence can be modified using the
unstructured supplementary service data (USSD) function.
The Multiple IMSI service is categorized into the one live service, main/auxiliary card service,
simultaneous ringing service, and sequential ringing service.
One live service: Among the SIM cards that are associated with the same MSISDN, only
one SIM card is allowed to request services each time. When a subscriber performs a
location update using a SIM card, the HLR updates the subscriber location and sends a
CANCEL LOCATION message to all the other SIM cards that have accessed the
network.
Main/auxiliary card service: When a call is placed to a Multiple IMSI subscriber, the call
is connected to only the SIM card that has the highest call connection priority among all
the other SIM cards that are associated with the same MSISDN.
Simultaneous ringing service: When a call is placed to a Multiple IMSI subscriber, the
call is connected to all the MSs with the registered SIM cards. All the MSs ring
simultaneously until the subscriber answers the call on an MS.
Sequential ringing service: When a call is placed to a Multiple IMSI subscriber, the call
is connected to the MSs with the registered SIM cards based on the configured
connection sequence. The MSs ring in sequence until the subscriber answers the call on
an MS or the connection to all the MSs fails.

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Dependency

The implementation of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR. The
simultaneous ringing service and sequential ringing service require support from Huawei
MSC and Huawei VLR.

2.2.8.25 WHFD-218030 CCBS Service


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the Completion of Calls to Busy Subscriber (CCBS) service.
Benefits
For carriers
This service enables carriers to increase their subscriber base, enhance their competitive
edge, and make more profits.
For subscribers
This service enables subscribers to enjoy more call services.
Description

If subscriber A, who has the CCBS service active, calls subscriber B who is in the
network-determined busy state, the network automatically connects the call to B after B is
available. Therefore, A can communicate with B without dialing the number of B again.
The HLR adopts the SSAP protocol to implement the CCBS service. The following figure
shows the typical networking of the related NEs.

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HLR b

SS
AP
AP
SS
AP

MA
M

P
ISUP/BICC ISUP/BICC

MSC/VLR a G MSC b MSC/VLR b

MS a MS b

The CCBS service procedure is as follows:


When subscriber A originates a call to subscriber B, GMSC b initiates an SRI procedure to
HLR b.
HLR b obtains the MSRN of subscriber B from MSC/VLR b and sends the MSRN of
subscriber B to GMSC b.
During the setup of the call, it is found that subscriber B is busy. GMSC b sends MSC/VLR a
a message, indicating that subscriber B is busy.
MSC/VLR a sends a message to subscriber A, asking whether to activate the CCBS service.
If subscriber A activates the CCBS service, MSC/VLR a informs MSC/VLR b of the service
activation through HLR b by using the SSAP protocol.
When subscriber B becomes available, MSC/VLR b sends MSC/VLR a a message, which
indicates that subscriber B is available, through HLR b by using the SSAP protocol.
The network has a call automatically originated to subscribers A and B.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

This service is a private service provided by Huawei. The implementation of this service
requires the cooperation of Huawei MSC/VLR. There is no special requirement for the
MS/UE.

2.2.8.26 WHFD-218031 ACR Service


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.

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Specification

None.
Summary

The Anonymous Call Rejection (ACR) service allows subscribers provided with the CLIP
service to reject the calls from subscribers provided with the Calling Line Identification
Restriction (CLIR) service.
Benefits
For carriers
This service enables carriers to increase their subscriber base, enhance their competitive
edge, and make more profits.
For subscribers
The subscriber can reject the anonymous calls automatically. Fraud or annoy caused by
anonymous calls can be avoided.
Description

The HLR provides the following ACR-related functions:


Configuration of the ACR SS code
Provisioning, withdrawal, and query of the ACR service
Mobile subscribers can activate, deactivate, and query the ACR service through USSD
operations on their MSs/UEs.
Before subscribing to the ACR service, the subscriber must have subscribed to the CLIP
service. When a subscriber provided with the ACR service receives a call originated from a
CLIR subscriber, the HLR returns an SRI response containing the ACR SS code to the GMSC.
Based on the ACR SS code contained in the SRI response, the GMSC rejects the call.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this service in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this service requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.27 WHFD-218032 Subscriber-Level Service Control Function


Availability

This service has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification

None.
Summary

The HLR supports the subscriber-level service control function. It allows service control of
subscribers based on location areas.
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Benefits
For carriers
This function helps carriers to improve network security and also meets the customized
requirements of carriers.
For subscribers
None.
Description

The HLR provides the subscriber-level service control function.


On the HLR, carriers can set whether to allow a subscriber to originate calls, send short
messages, receive messages, access networks through the GPRS in each VLR/SGSN. When a
subscriber is roaming, the HLR delivers the mapping service capability set based on the
roaming area of the subscriber.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this function in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this function requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.28 WHFD-218033 SMS Rerouting


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification

3GPP 23.840
Summary

The Short Message Service (SMS) Rerouting service enables short messages to be routed to
the SMS Router located on the HPLMN and then delivered to subscribers. The SMS-Router
rejects junk short messages and delivers only valid short messages to subscribers.
Before providing the SMS Rerouting service for subscribers, enable the HLR to support this
service. The HLR determines whether to enable this service based on the system
configuration, service subscription, and GT of the short message service center (SMSC) that
interworks with the HLR.
Benefits
For carriers
Short messages that may have risks on national security are rejected.
For subscribers
None.
Description

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SMS Router HLR SMS_GMSC

MAP_SRI_FOR_SM req
MAP_SRI_FOR_SM req

MAP_SRI_FOR_SM req

MAP_SRI_FOR_SM rsp

MAP_SRI_FOR_SM rsp

MAP_SRI_FOR_SM rsp

Message flow of the SMS Rerouting service


1. Upon receiving a MAP_SRI_FOR_SM req message from the SMSC, the HLR forwards the
message to the SMS Router.
2.The SMS Router sends a MAP_SRI_FOR_SM req message to the HLR, and the HLR returns
a MAP_SRI_FOR_SM rsp message to the SMS Router. The response message contains the
MSC number or the SGSN number.
3.The SMS Router sends a MAP_SRI_FOR_SM rsp message to the SMSC. The SMSC delivers
short messages to the SMS Router, and the SMS Router then delivers the short messages to
subscribers.
Dependency

The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the HLR and the SMS Router.

2.2.8.29 WHFD-218036 Monitor of Call Forwarding Registration


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification

None
Summary

HLR count the Call Forwaring Registration of each user,.If the counted times in the
configured periods exceed the configured times, HLR will record a alarm file.
Benefits
For carriers
Monitor the user behavior of Call Forwaring Registration, prevent the network is used
for fraud.
For subscribers
None.
Description

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HLR count the Call Forwaring Registration of each user, If the forward-to-number is a
international number, the RegistrationTimes will plus one. If the Registration Times in the
configured periods exceed the configured times, HLR will record a alarm file.
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

2.2.8.30 WHFD-218037 Multi-Call


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification
3GPP 24135
3GPP 29002
Summary

When both the MS of a subscriber and the network support the Multi-Call (MC) service, the
subscriber can set up multiple ongoing calls in the Circuit Switched (CS) domain. The
number of calls is jointly determined by the parameters set on the MS, mobile network and
the parameters set by the carrier and the subscriber. A maximum of seven calls can be set up.
Each call has its own bearer, but the conversation can be held only on one bearer at a time.
The MC service is applicable to all bearer services. The MC service is provisioned by the
carrier and subscribers can activate or deactivate this service by using the MSs.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide the MC service as a value-added supplementary service for
subscribers.
For subscribers
When both the MS of a subscriber and the network support the MC service, the
subscriber can set up multiple ongoing calls in the CS domain. The number of calls is
jointly determined by the parameters set on the MS, mobile network and the parameters
set by the carrier and the subscriber. A maximum of seven calls can be set up.
Description

The HLR provides the MC service to subscribers. On the HLR, Maximum MC attempts
allowed and User determined maximum MC attempts must be set to specify the number of
calls that the subscriber can establish at the same time. The value of User determined
maximum MC attempts can be determined by subscribers on MSs through the
supplementary service registration flow. The value of User determined maximum MC
attempts cannot be greater than the value of Maximum MC attempts allowed.
The HLR sends the MC service data to the VLR upon location update, data restoration, and
modification of the MC service.
Dependency

The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC.


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2.2.8.31 WHFD-218038 Preferred Roaming


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R003.


Specification
3GPP 29002
Summary

The preferred roaming service enables a roaming subscriber to access the preferred PLMN
when multiple PLMNs are available at the same time.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide value-added services for subscribers and enhance the competitive
edge.
For subscribers
Subscribers can access preferred PLMNs, thus reducing call charge.

Description

On the HLR, you can set the preferred access mode for PLMNs and the service processing
rules for different IMSI prefixes. The PLMN is identified by the VLR/SGSN number prefix.
When a subscriber roams out of the home PLMN, the HLR identifies the PLMN to which the
subscriber is roaming based on the VLR/SGSN number prefix contained in the location
update request. The HLR then checks whether the subscriber is allowed to roam to this PLMN
based on the preferred access mode configured for the PLMN and the service processing rules
configured for the IMSI prefix.
The processing of the location update request varies according to the preferred access mode
configured for the PLMN and the service processing rules configured for the IMSI prefix.
If the preferred access mode is RESTRICTED, the HLR rejects the location update
request.
If the preferred access mode is PREFERRED and an IMSI prefix matching the
subscriber's IMSI prefix can be found, the HLR processes the service based on the rules
configured for the IMSI prefix. If a matching IMSI prefix cannot be found, the HLR
processes the service based on the default rules configured for the PLMN.
If the preferred access mode is ALLOWED, the HLR rejects the location update request
first and records the number of rejection times. When the subscriber attempts to access
the PLMN again, the HLR checks whether the number of rejection times reaches the
specified value.
Dependency

The HLR implements this function independently. There is no special requirement for other
NEs.

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2.2.8.32 WHFD-218039 Welcome Message Service


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP 29002
Summary

The welcome message service allows a short message to be sent to roaming subscribers. The
short message may contain greetings, a brief introduction to the visited area, and other
information about the weather or hotels in the visited area.
Benefits
For carriers
The welcome message service helps to improve subscriber experience and customer
satisfaction.
For subscribers
Personalization services help to improve subscriber experience.
Description

When the location update request received by the HLR indicates that the serving VLR or
SGSN of the subscriber changes, the HLR sends a USSD message to the specified AS. The
location update requests include the GPRS location update requests. The USSD message
carries the IMSI and MSISDN of the subscriber, the original VLR or SGSN number, the
current VLR or SGSN number, and the HLR flag.
The AS determines whether to send a short message. It also determines the contents of the
message, for example, welcome greetings, farewell greetings, and information about the
weather, hotel information or scenery of the visited area. If a short message needs to be sent,
the AS constructs the short message based on the USSD message and then sends a message to
the short message center.
Dependency

The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the AS.

2.2.8.33 WHFD-218040 Mobile Terminating Roaming Retry Call


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP 23018
3GPP 29002
Summary

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The definition of this feature is when the mobile terminating subscriber having roamed from
the VMSC1 to an adjacent VMSC2 before the call connected successfully, the network
reroute the call to the VMSC2 again. The details read as follows: when the mobile subscriber
A is in the edge-crossing area of two or more VMSCs, the mobile station, subject to the radio
environment and so on, is prone to frequently initiate the inter-VLR location update procedure,
and if the mobile subscriber is called then, such a phenomenon may occur, e.g., the mobile
subscriber A is at the VMSC1 during an SRI procedure but after the VMSC1 having allocated
the MSRN and before the receipt of the paging response (including before and after paging),
the mobile subscriber A roams to the VMSC2 adjacent to the VMSC1, so the MT call toward
subscriber A under VMSC1 would fail, the VMSC1 will then notify the GMSC to initiate the
SRI procedure once again, and the call will be rerouted to the VMSC2 by the network, thus
the call completion rate will be improved.
Benefits
For carriers
This feature will improve the call completion rate in the edge-crossing areas of the
VMSCs, and thus improve the customer satisfaction.
For subscribers
This feature will improve the call completion rate in the edge-crossing areas of the
VMSCs, and thus improve the user perception.
Description

when the mobile subscriber A is in the edge-crossing area of two or more VMSCs, the mobile
station, subject to the radio environment and so on, is prone to frequently initiate the
inter-VLR location update procedure, and if the mobile subscriber is called then, such a
phenomenon may occur, e.g., the mobile subscriber A is at the VMSC1 during an SRI
procedure but after the VMSC1 having allocated the MSRN and before the receipt of the
paging response (including before and after paging), the mobile subscriber A roams to the
VMSC2 adjacent to the VMSC1.
At this moment, the VMSC2 initiates a Location Update procedure to HLR, and HLR send a
Cancel Location to VMSC1, the VMSC1 then notify the GMSC to initiate the SRI procedure
to HLR once again. HLR will delay the 2nd SRI procedure until the Update Location
procedure finish.
Dependency

The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the GMSC and VMSC.

2.2.8.34 WHFD-218041 Location Update Billing


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V900R006.


Specification
3GPP 29002
Summary

The Location Update Billing service enables the Home Location Register (HLR) to send a
Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) notification to a third-party device when a
subscriber's Visitor Location Register (VLR) changes because the subscriber roams outside
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the home public land mobile network (HPLMN) country and updates location in the circuit
switched (CS) domain. The notification contains the subscriber's international mobile
subscriber identity (IMSI), mobile station international ISDN number (MSISDN), the original
VLR number (the number of the VLR serving the subscriber before the location update), and
the new VLR number (the number of the VLR serving the subscriber after the location
update). The subscriber then can be informed of the charging information in the roaming
network through short messages.
Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can send the current charging information to subscribers when subscribers roam
outside their HPLMN countries.
For subscribers
Subscribers who roam outside their HPLMN countries can receive in-time charging
information from carriers.
Description

The following processes are added to the Location Update procedure: When a subscriber
roams outside the HPLMN country and successfully updates location in the CS domain, the
HLR checks whether the VLR number in the Update Location request is the same as that in
the HLR's dynamic database. If the VLR numbers are different, the HLR sends the
subscriber's IMSI, MSISDN, the original VLR number, and the new VLR number to the
provisioning gateway (PGW) through the MCI interface. The PGW then sends the SOAP
notification to a third-party device.
Dependency

The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

2.2.8.35 WHFD-218042 Mobile terminating roaming forwarding (MTRF)


Availability

This feature has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C01.


Specification
3GPP TS 23.018
Summary

Mobile terminating roaming forwarding (MTRF) prevents paging failures caused by roaming
between two MSCs or fallback from an LTE network to a circuit-switched (CS) network..
Benefits
For carriers
MTRF increases the paging success rate and ultimately the call completion rate.
MTRF has a lower connection delay than mobile terminating roaming retry
(MTRR).

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For subscribers
MTRF improves subscriber experience by providing more reliable voice services.
Description

MTRF takes precedence over Super-Charger. To be specific, if the HLR is required to


send a cancel location message in MTRF but is not required to send a cancel location
message in Super-Charger, the HLR sends a cancel location.
MTRF applies to the scenarios where the UE detects that the MSC/VLR that sent the paging
message is not the serving MSC/VLR and initiates a location update to the serving MSC/VLR
when:
The called party is moving between MSCs while being paged.
The called party drops its LTE connection and falls back to a 2G or 3G network while
being paged.
Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this function in compliance with the standard protocol.The
implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of GMSC and VMSC.

2.2.9 WHFD-219000 Authentication Center Function(AUC)


The authentication function is defined according to a protocol and is implemented by the
Authentication Center (AuC). Incorporating the AuC function, the HLR supports 3GPP
standard authentication procedures and the relevant authentication encryption algorithms.
The HLR supports the KI encryption (WHFD-219200) function. To ensure the security, the KI
data is encrypted during its transfer from the card manufacturer to the carrier. The HLR
supports the loading of the encrypted KI data and stores the encrypted KI data in the database.
Meanwhile, the key is also encrypted to ensure the security of the KI data.
The HLR uses K4 as the key, and encrypts and decrypts KI data by using the DES or AES
algorithm. The subscriber can select different K4s for encrypting the KI.

2.2.9.1 WHFD-219100 Quintuplet-to-Triplet Conversion


Availability

This feature has been available since HLR9820 V600.


Specification
3GPP29002
3GPP33102
Summary

When a subscriber holding the USIM card roams to a GSM network, the HLR converts the
calculated authentication quintuplets into authentication triplets, and sends the triplets to the
VLR/SGSN.

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Benefits
For carriers
This feature solves the problem that a 3G subscriber cannot pass the authentication of a
2G network due to different authentication algorithms adopted by the 3G network and
the 2G network. Therefore, the service not only protects the network security but also
allows a 3G subscriber to roam to a 2G network, protecting the investment of carriers in
the 2G network.
For subscribers
This feature allows a 3G subscriber to roam to a 2G network and ensures smooth and
safe voice conversation.
Description

In the GSM network, the MSC/VLR performs subscriber authentication based on


authentication triplets. When a subscriber holding the USIM card roams to the GSM network,
the MSC/VLR sends an authentication request to the HLR/AuC. The HLR generates
authentication quintuplets according to the information stored in the USIM card and sends the
quintuplets to the MSC/VLR. If the MSC/VLR cannot process the quintuplets, the
authentication fails. After adding with the quintuplet-to-triplet conversion function, the
HLR/AuC converts the authentication quintuplets into authentication triplets and sends the
triplets to the MSC/VLR. In this way, the 3G subscriber can pass the authentication and roam
to the 2G network successfully.
Enhancement

None
Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The implementation
of this feature requires the cooperation of the MSC and VLR.

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2.2.10 WHFD-220000 Machine to Machine


communications(M2M)
2.2.10.1 WHFD-220001 M2M Terminal Information Sharing

Availability

This feature has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C00.

Specification
None

Summary

M2M management platform query the location and status of M2M Terminal
from HLR, and HLR can also report the location and status of M2M Terminal
to M2M management platform in realtime.

Benefits
For carriers
M2M management platform monitor the location and status of
M2M Terminals in real time, and ensure the M2M terminals are
working well in the specified areas.
For subscribers
Real-time monitoring of the status and security of the M2M
terminal.

Description

When the registration status of M2M terminal changed, HLR report the new
status to M2M management platform immediately in any of the following
cases:
The SGSN number on which M2M terminal is attached is changed.
The M2M terminal is detached from SGSN.
The M2M terminal is not allowed roaming in current areas.

M2M management platform query the location and status from HLR, then
HLR send MAP-PROVIDE-SUBSCRIBER-INFO to MSC to get the status
and location information.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

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The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the M2M
management platform.

2.2.10.2 WHFD-220002 M2M SIM Card Theft Protection

Availability

This feature has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C00.

Specification
None

Summary

This service only allows that the M2M SIM card is used on specific M2M
terminal. If M2M SIM card is used on an illegal terminal, HLR will refuse
any activity of this SIM card.

Benefits
For carriers
M2M management platform monitor the validity of terminal M2M
SIM card using, prevent M2M SIM card from theft and illegal
usage.
For subscribers
Real-time monitoring of the status and security of the M2M
terminal.

Description

HLR check the IMEI validity of terminal M2M SIM card using. If the IMEI is
deferent from the preset IMEI, HLR will refuse any activity of this SIM card
and report a alarm to M2M management platform.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The HLR implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols. The
implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the M2M
management platform.

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2.3 Features of the LTE

2.3.1 WHFD-410102 Wildcard APN


Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C01.

Specification
3GPP 23401
3GPP 29272.

Summary

The SAE-HSS supports the wildcard Access Point Name (APN).

Benefits
For carriers
The wildcard APN function can be used to implement APN resolution. It
allows the subscriber to be identified by the PDN-GW and the intended
PDP context activation to be blocked.
For subscribers
This function simplifies the configuration on the UE. Only a wildcard (*),
rather than a specific APN, needs to be configured.

Description

During service provisioning, a wildcard (*) rather than an actual APN is


provided for a subscriber. When the UE attempts to access the MME, the
predefined APN is used for connection.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special


requirements for other NEs.

2.3.2 WHFD-410103 IMSI Replacing


Availability

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This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C01.

Specification
None

Summary

The old SIM can work well until the new SIM card is active (means using)
after one person reissuing his SIM card. When the new SIM card is active ,
the old SIM card will be deleted in database.

Benefits
For carriers
The old SIM can work well until the new SIM card is active (means
using) .
For subscribers
None.

Description

The old SIM can work well until the new SIM card is active (means using)
after one person reissuing his SIM card. When the new SIM card is active ,
the old SIM card will be deleted in database.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special


requirements for other NEs.

2.3.3 WHFD-410104 Inter-working with HLR


Availability

This function has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C01.

Specification
3GPP 29002
3GPP 29272.

Summary

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HSS Inter-work with HLR/AuC, and process the Mobility between E-UTRAN
and 2G/3G Accesses.

Benefits
For carriers
No need to re-provision to HSS USIM authentication information
already existing in HLR/AuC.
No need to upgrade the HLR for Mobility between E-UTRAN and
2G/3G Accesses.
For subscribers
None.

Description

HSS can retrieve authentication vectors from HLR/AUC by means of sending


MAP-SEND-AUTHENTICATION-INFO operation to HLR. If HLR does
not support the calculation of LTE authentication vectors, HLR will convert
those vectors to LTE authentication vectors.
When UE attaches to E-UTRAN, HSS send
MAP-UPDATE-GPRS-LOCATION and MAP-PURGE-MS operations to
HLR. The HLR check whether the user was previously attached on a SGSN,
and in that case HLR sends a MAP-CANCEL-LOCATION to the
corresponding SGSN and Purge the UE.

Enhancement

None

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Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols.


The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the HLR.

2.3.4 WHFD-410200 Roaming-Specific Functions


2.3.4.1 WHFD-410201 Roaming Area Restriction

Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.

Specification
3GPP 23401
3GPP 23402
3GPP 29272
3GPP 29273.

Summary

The HSS supports the restriction on roaming areas. The Evolved Packet
System (EPS) Regional Roaming Restriction service allows carriers to restrict
the roaming of subscribers based on the setting of regional roaming templates.

Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can restrict subscribers' roaming areas without adding any
equipment on the network. This capability helps carriers manage
subscriber mobility flexibly and effectively.

For subscribers
This service allows subscribers to choose areas where they can or cannot
roam.

Description

Zone codes identify the areas planned for implementing the EPS Regional
Roaming Restriction service. A maximum of 10 zone codes can be defined in
a regional roaming template. The zone codes are planned by carriers.
The HSS sends the subscriber's zone code list to the MME serving the
subscriber. Then the MME acts based on the contents of the zone code list. If
the zone code list does not contain the zone code mapping to the destination

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area of the subscriber, the MME prohibits the subscriber from roaming in that
area.

Enhancement

HSS9860 V900R008C20 enhancement:


When a subscriber provided with the dynamic Regional Roaming Restriction
service accesses an LTE network for the first time, the HSS obtains the
subscriber's tracking area and its neighboring tracking areas and generates a
Regional-Subscription-Zone-Code list and sends the list to the MME serving
the subscriber. Then the MME prohibits the subscriber from roaming in a
specific area based on the contents of the Regional-Subscription-Zone-Code
list and roaming restriction strategies.
During the processing of the dynamic Regional Roaming Restriction service,
the HSS performs the following operations:

When the dynamic Regional Roaming Restriction service is provided for


an offline subscriber and the subscriber accesses the LTE network for the
first time, the HSS generates the Regional-Subscription-Zone-Code list
and sends the list to the MME.
When the dynamic Regional Roaming Restriction service is provided for
an online subscriber and the subscriber wants to change the allowed
roaming areas, the HSS deletes the old Regional-Subscription-Zone-Code
list upon receiving a RESET BINDEDTAI command and generates a new
Regional-Subscription-Zone-Code list when the subscriber accesses an
LTE network again.
When the dynamic Regional Roaming Restriction service is withdrawn
from an online subscriber, the HSS sends an Insert Subscriber Data
message to the MME. Next time when the subscriber attempts to access an
LTE network, the MME sends a Notify Request message to the HSS. The
HSS sends an Insert Subscriber Data message containing the
newly-generated Regional-Subscription-Zone-Code list to the MME.

Figure Dynamic Regional Roaming Restriction service flow for an offline


subscriber that accesses an LTE network for the first time

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1. A UE sends an Initial Attach Request message to the MME.


2. The MME authenticates the UE.
3. If the authentication succeeds, the MME sends an Update Location
message to the HSS.
4. The HSS determines that the UE accesses the LTE network for the first
time and sends an Update Location ACK message to the MME.
5. The MME sends an Initial Attach ACK message to the UE.
6. The HSS obtains the subscriber's tracking area and its neighboring tracking
areas and saves a tracking area list and a mapping list between the tracking
area and the zone code. Besides, the HSS incorporates these two lists into
a Regional-Subscription-Zone-Code list and contains the list in an Insert
Subscriber Data message sent to the MME.
7. The MME sends an Insert Subscriber Data ACK message to the HSS.

Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols.


The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the MME.

2.3.4.2 WHFD-410202 Local Breakout

Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006.

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Specification
3GPP 23401
3GPP 23402
3GPP 29272
3GPP 29273.

Summary

The SAE-HSS supports the Local Breakout function.

Benefits
For carriers
This function allows carriers to provide IP services for the subscribers in
the visited PLMN (VPLMN) by using the PDN-GW on the VPLMN. It
helps to enhance the competitive edge of carriers.
For subscribers
This function enables subscribers to enjoy the IP services provided in the
VPLMN.

Description

Local breakout is a roaming mode that is different from the home routed
mode.
In the case of home routed mode, the PDN-GW in the home network provides
IP services for the subscribers roaming to a VPLMN.
The local breakout function allows the PDN-GW on the VPLMN to provide
IP services for roaming subscribers.Figure 1-5 shows the local breakout
procedure.

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Figure 1-5 Local breakout procedure

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special


requirements for other NEs.

2.3.4.3 WHFD-410203 Diameter Node-Specific Roaming Restriction


Service

Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C03.

Specification
3GPP 23401
3GPP 23402
3GPP 29272
3GPP 29273.

Summary

The Diameter Node-Specific Roaming Restriction service allows carriers to


manage the mobility of subscribers by configuring diameter node-covered
service areas in which subscribers can roam. A diameter node can be the
Mobile Management Entity (MME), Authentication, Authorization, and
Accounting (AAA) server, or S4-Serving GPRS Support Node (S4-SGSN).

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The allowed or restricted roaming area can be a city or a region

Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can allow or restrict subscriber roaming in the areas covered by
the MME, S4-SGSN, or AAA server without adding any devices on the
network. The ability to configure diameter node-covered roaming areas
helps carriers to manage subscriber mobility flexibly and effectively.

For subscribers
Subscribers can subscribe to the allowed or restricted roaming areas at
will.

Description

The Diameter Node-Specific Roaming Restriction service is implemented


based on diameter node templates configured with roaming restriction rules.
The roaming scope of a subscriber is determined by the diameter
node-specific roaming restriction template to which the subscriber subscribes.
The host name or domain name of a single or multiple Diameter nodes can be
defined, or blacklisted and whitelisted Diameter nodes can be configured in
the template.
In an S6a location update or an S6d location update, the HSS or the HLR
determines whether to allow a subscriber to roam in the area covered by the
MME or S4-SGSN based on the Diameter node-specific roaming restriction
template to which the subscriber subscribes. If the subscriber is not allowed to
roam in the specified area, the HSS or the HLR rejects the location update. If
the subscriber is allowed to roam in the area, the HSS or the HLR continues
processing the location update.
In an SWx authentication procedure, the HSS or the HLR determines whether
to allow a subscriber to roam in the area covered by the AAA server based on
the Diameter node-specific roaming restriction template to which the
subscriber subscribes. If the subscriber is not allowed to roam in the specified
area, the HSS or the HLR rejects the authentication request. If the subscriber
is allowed to roam in the area, the HSS or the HLR continues processing the
authentication request.

Roaming restricted

shows a failed location update during which a subscriber's roaming is


restricted.

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Figure 1

1. The MME or S4-SGSN sends an Update Location REQ message to the


HSS.
2. The HSS detects that the subscriber cannot roam in the area covered by the
MME or S4-SGSN based on the IMSI and host name or domain name of
the MME or S4-SGSN carried in the Update Location REQ message and
sends an Update Location ERR message indicating a location update
failure to the MME or S4-SGSN.

Roaming allowed

NOTE:
Assume that a subscriber has passed the HLR-specific roaming restriction
check, Customized Applications for Mobile Enhanced Logic (CAMEL)
roaming restriction check, and operator determined barring (ODB)-ROAM
check.
shows a successful location update during which a subscriber's roaming is
allowed.
Figure 2

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1. The MME or S4-SGSN sends an Update Location REQ message to the


HSS.
2. The HSS detects that the subscriber is allowed to roam in the area covered
by the MME or S4-SGSN based on the IMSI and host name or domain
name of the MME or S4-SGSN carried in the Update Location REQ
message and sends an Update Location RSP message indicating a
successful location update to the MME or S4-SGSN.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

None.

2.3.4.4 WHFD-410204 Multi-HPLMN Function

Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C03.

Specification
3GPP 23401
3GPP 23402
3GPP 29272
3GPP 29273.

Summary

This function is applicable only when multiple HPLMNs are used.

Benefits
For carriers
This function allows carriers to provide multiple PLMN id in the home
PLMN (HPLMN). It helps to enhance the competitive edge of carriers.
For subscribers
None.

Description

allows carriers to provide multiple PLMN id in the home PLMN (HPLMN)

Enhancement

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None

Dependency

The SAE-HSS implements this function independently. There are no special


requirements for other NEs.

2.3.4.5 WHFD-410205 PLMN-Specific Roaming Restriction Service

Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C03.

Specification
3GPP 23401
3GPP 23402
3GPP 29272
3GPP 29273.

Summary

The PLMN-Specific Roaming Restriction service allows carriers to manage


the mobility of subscribers by configuring Public Land Mobile Networks
(PLMNs) in which the subscribers can roam.
The allowed or restricted PLMNs are signed roaming agreements with the
local PLMN.

Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can allow or restrict subscriber roaming in PLMNs without
adding any devices on the network. The ability to configure PLMN
access for roaming subscribers helps carriers to manage subscriber
mobility flexibly and effectively.

For subscribers
Subscribers can subscribe to the allowed or restricted roaming areas at
will.

Description

The PLMN-Specific Roaming Restriction service is implemented based on


PLMN templates configured with roaming restriction rules. The roaming
scope of a subscriber is determined by the PLMN-specific roaming restriction
template to which the subscriber subscribes. In the template, a PLMN or

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multiple PLMNs can be defined, or blacklisted and whitelisted PLMNs can be


configured.
In an S6a location update or an S6d location update, the HSS/HLR determines
whether to allow a subscriber to access the requested PLMN based on the
PLMN-specific roaming restriction template to which the subscriber
subscribes. If the requested PLMN is blacklisted, the HSS/HLR rejects the
location update request. If the requested PLMN is not blacklisted, the
HSS/HLR continues processing the location update.
In an SWx authentication procedure, the HSS/HLR determines whether to
allow a subscriber to access the requested PLMN based on the PLMN-specific
roaming restriction template to which the subscriber subscribes. If the
requested PLMN is blacklisted, the HSS/HLR rejects the authentication
request. If the requested PLMN is not blacklisted, the HSS/HLR continues
processing the authentication request.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols.


The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the MME,
AAA server and S4-SGSN.

2.3.5 WHFD-410106 Auto-Provisioning for LTE


Availability

This function has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C20.

Specification
3GPP TS 29.272, 29.002

Summary

The Auto Provision of LTE Service allows carriers to provide long term
evolution (LTE) services for a subscriber that has not been defined in the HSS
without changing its USIM cards and MSISDN numbers.

Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide LTE services for a subscriber that has not been
defined in the HSS without changing its MSISDN number and USIM
card.
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Eliminate the need to purchase LTE licenses and reduce investment.


For subscribers
Subscribers can use LTE services without subscription.

Description

HSS and HLR is deployed separately

BSS

CS/PS data EPS data User A:Mapping


User A: 2G/3G GPRS data
2G/3G data into EPS data

Gr
SAE-HSS
HLR
C/D Gr S6a

MSC SGSN MME

2G/3G LTE

When UE attach to the LTE network for the first time, the HSS obtain the
GPRS subscription data from the HLR and converts it to LTE subscription
data.

HSS and HLR are combined

BSS

CS/PS/EPS data

User B:
2G/3G data, no
EPS data
SAE-HSS

C/D S6a
Gr

MSC SGSN MME

2G/3G LTE

When UE attach to the LTE network or GPRS subscription is changed, the


HSS converts the GPRS subscription data to LTE subscription data and sent to
MME.

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Enhancement

None

Dependency

The HSS implements this function independently. There are no special


requirements for other NEs.

2.3.6 WHFD-410300 Supporting of VoLTE


2.3.6.1 WHFD-410301 Supporting of CS Fallback

Availability

This function has been available since SAE-HSS9820 V900R006C31.

Specification
3GPP 23272
3GPP 23401
3GPP 29272.

Summary

The Circuit Switched Fallback in Evolved Packet System (CS Fallback)


feature enables carriers to reuse the circuit switched (CS) infrastructure to:
Provide voice services for the subscribers who are attached to both the
evolved packet system (EPS) and the CS domain.
Provide short message service (SMS) at the initial phase of long term
evolution (LTE) deployment

Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide voice services and SMS service at the initial phase
of LTE deployment without building the IP multimedia subsystem (IMS).
Carriers can reuse the GSM/EDGE radio access network (GERAN) and
UMTS terrestrial radio access network (UTRAN) while shifting to the
future-proof long term evolution (LTE) network. By doing so, carriers
can maximize the return on CS investments.

For subscribers
Subscribers can use the high-speed data services of the LTE, as well as
CS Fallback voice services and SMS service by using the same terminal.

Description

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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

The LTE network at the initial phase usually covers only hot spots and is
limited in continuous coverage. As LTE deployment progresses, tracking areas
(TAs) should be well planned to allow all the 2G/3G location areas in a TA to
be served by the same MSC server. This ensures that when the UE initiates a
combined TA/LA update, the MME always redirects the UE to the MSC
server that is serving the 2G GERAN or 3G UTRAN. If the MME selects the
wrong MSC server, roaming retry may take place. The MME is able to select
the appropriate MSC server because it derives a VLR number from the
tracking area identity (TAI) of the current cell based on the configuration data.
An MME covers multiple hot spots and maintains IP connectivity with
multiple MSC servers.
In actual usage, the Mapping relations between TA and LA may lead the
combined EPS/IMSI attach to a wrong VLR. In that case, it triggers the
Roaming Retry function.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols.


The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the MME,
GMSC and MSC/VLR.

2.3.6.2 WHFD-410302 Supporting of SRVCC

Availability

This function has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C00.

Specification
3GPP 23216
3GPP 23401
3GPP 29272

Summary

The Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC) feature allows subscribers
to continue an ongoing call when roaming from an evolved universal
terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN) to a UMTS terrestrial radio
access network (UTRAN) or GSM/EDGE radio access network (GERAN).
This is achieved by using the handover function of user equipment (UE) and
network equipment.
The enhanced SRVCC (eSRVCC) feature is introduced to shorten the duration
of voice interruption caused by SRVCC handover. In the eSRVCC network
architecture, the access transfer control function (ATCF)/access transfer
gateway (ATGW) is added between the proxy-call session control function
(P-CSCF) and the interrogating-CSCF (I-CSCF)/serving-CSCF (S-CSCF). If
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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

an SRVCC handover might occur in a call, the media session is anchored to


the ATGW. When an SRVCC handover does occur, only media information on
the ATGW needs to be updated. Media information on the UE does not need
to be updated.

Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can provide voice services and SMS service at the initial phase
of LTE deployment without building the IP multimedia subsystem (IMS).
Carriers can reuse the GSM/EDGE radio access network (GERAN) and
UMTS terrestrial radio access network (UTRAN) while shifting to the
future-proof long term evolution (LTE) network. By doing so, carriers
can maximize the return on CS investments.

For subscribers
Subscribers can use the high-speed data services of the LTE, as well as
CS Fallback voice services and SMS service by using the same terminal.

Description

Logical architecture of the eSRVCC feature

The general procedure for an eSRVCC handover is as follows:

1. When LTE co-exists with GSM or UMTS, E-UTRAN decides to initiate an eSRVCC
handover to GERAN or UTRAN based on the measurement reports sent from a UE.
If an eSRVCC handover is required, E-UTRAN sends a handover request to the
MME.

2. When the MME receives the handover request, it splits voice bearers from
non-voice bearers based on QoS Class Identifier (QCI) 1 associated with voice
bearers and the SRVCC handover (HO) indication in the message. Meanwhile, the
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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

MME selects an SRVCC IWF based on the Target ID indicated in the message and
initiates the PS-CS voice handover procedure towards the selected SRVCC IWF.

3. When the SRVCC IWF receives the handover request message, it identifies the
target MSC by the Target ID indicated in the message. Then, the SRVCC IWF
initiates a handover procedure towards the target MSC to redirect the UE from
E-UTRAN to GERAN or UTRAN. It also routes the UE's call to IMS.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols.


The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the MME, SCC
AS.

2.3.6.3 WHFD-410303 Optimized Routing Based on Selective


Anchoring

Availability

This function has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C00.

Specification
3GPP 23228
3GPP 29272
3GPP 29328
3GPP 29329
3GPP 29002

Summary

HSS anchor voice calls to IMS domain based on the subscription and
IMS-domain register status.

Benefits
For carriers
Carriers can anchor calls to IMS to provide diversified services for LTE
subscribers. This helps carriers improve subscriber satisfaction and
expand their IMS subscriber base.
HSS anchor calls to IMS based on the subscription and IMS-domain
register status, avoid to anchor all subscribers call to IMS and save the
network resource.
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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

For subscribers
S VoLTE subscribers can use diversified IMS services even when they
are in the CS domain.

Description

After the HSS receives a Send Routing Information (SRI) message, the
HSS checks whether MT anchoring is required. If the called VoLTE
subscriber has the convergent services and registered in IMS domain, the
HSS considers that MT anchoring is required. The HSS sends an
extension PRN message to the Anchor AS, requesting that the Anchor AS
allocate an IMRN. After the HSS obtains the IMRN from the Anchor AS, the
HSS sends the IMRN to the gateway MSC (GMSC) server. Based on the
IMRN, the GMSC server routes the call to IMS.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this feature in a extended protocols. The


implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the GMSC.MGCF,
IMS-HSS, AS.

2.3.6.4 WHFD-410304 IP SMS Interworking

Availability

This function has been available since HSS9860 V900R008C00.

Specification
3GPP TS 23.040
3GPP TS 29.002
3GPP TS 23.204
3GPP TS 24.247
3GPP TS 24.341

Summary

The IP SMS Interworking service enables short message delivery between IP


multimedia subsystem (IMS) domains and circuit switched (CS) domains.

Benefits
For carriers

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Huawei SinlgeSDB V100R006C00 HSS9860 Feature Description(HLR and EPC-HSS FE part)

Carriers can continue to provide the traditional SMS service when


migrating their CS networks towards LTE networks. This increases their
return on investment (ROI) and improves their competitive edge.

For subscribers
Subscribers can choose either IMS or CS domains to send and receive
short messages.

Description

Voice over LTE (VoLTE) is an IMS-based voice solution defined by 3rd


Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). The IP-SM-GW in the VoLTE
solution enables IP-based LTE terminals to exchange short messages with
CS terminals. The SMSC stores and forwards short messages. The SMSC
also generates and sends delivery reports.

The Short Message Service (SMS), which is a basic CS teleservice, allows


subscribers to send and receive text messages through a short message
service center (SMSC). IMS domains support IP short messages, while CS
domains support CS short messages. When an LTE terminal in an IMS
domain attempts to send an IP short message to a CS terminal, the
IP-SM-GW converts the IP short message into a CS short message and
sends it to the SMSC. If the CS terminal is powered on, the SMSC forwards
the CS short message to the CS terminal. If the CS terminal is powered off,
the SMSC stores the CS short message until the CS terminal is powered
on or the maximum storage time is reached.

Enhancement

None

Dependency

The HSS9860 implements this feature in compliance with standard protocols.


The implementation of this feature requires the cooperation of the S-CSCF,
SMSC.

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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd