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Miranda Garcia

Enc 1101


November 26, 2017

"A dog's life; 'Puppy mills'." The Economist, 13 Nov. 2010, p. 39(US). Academic OneFile,


%7CA241882098&asid=264f4050e4d2659453c7fd70781b26ae. Accessed 26 Nov. 2017.

The article explains how Missouri is home to almost 1,500 licensed commercial dog

breeders, (puppy mills), that produce around 1million per year and 40% of American pet

store dogs come from them as well as explains new steps into fixing the problem. Most

live in horrible conditions that include piled up feces, matted coats, no room to move, and

so on. "Whenever you are engaging in an industry that uses live animals and is seeking to

make as much profit as possible, less money is put into the business, meaning less care is

provided for the animals,". To sum it up, if they dont make money from it then it doesnt

matter. They dont benefit from the dogs being clean so it doesnt matter. The well-being

and health of the dog, doesnt matter. Laws are vague. Fortunately, a new amendment has

come in and will have clearer, more specific standards. No more than 50 breeding dogs,

breeders with more than ten will need to provide food and clean water, vet care, exercise

and enough rest between breeding cycles. Unfortunately, only penalty of up to 15 days in

jail and a fine of up to $300, but its a work in progress. This article can help show that

while work is being done, its not enough for such a cruel act.

Burger, Kailey A. Solving the Problem of Puppy Mills: Why the Animal Welfare Movement's
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Bark Is Stronger than Its Bite. Washington University Journal of Law & Policy, vol. 43,




A358426598&asid=3566e7496444bcd032a0ae69c2a0c46c. Accessed 2017.

This note speaks out on puppy mills and the animal welfare movement using the Missouri

ballot initiative Proposition B as the focus. The article mentions how the AWM can lessen

the opposition, it analyzes the puppy mill history, the movements strategies, their effort,

political role, etc. It argues ways to achieve their goals with more common-sense

strategies and gain more success and political influence. It begins by dissecting the

history of puppy mills; What they are, what they do, how its run, etc. Theres the

political aspect, the animal welfare movements role and their opposition. While the

welfare movement is doing good, they have to work harder and gain more public support.

This article shows an in-depth analysis on what the AWM is doing right and wrong and

how they could do better.







%7CA239408390&asid=fe323a3cdc8f2a0f6aabb10f2276c3e7. Accessed 24 Nov. 2017.

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Statistic on how Missouri is the puppy capital mill of the United States and The Humane

Society of the United States made a report exposing their extensive flow of dogs to

California. California masses support Missouri breeders without understanding their true

nature. Most get swayed by the cute appearance from a picture online and fail to see their

background or their origins. When issues like these arise, it only causes more problems

for shelters or humane organizations that house hundreds of dogs in need of homes. A

study showed that two-thirds of dogs in 2009 that came from Missouri were sent to pet

stores in California. Missouri bred dogs can be sent to every county and 79 stores in 17

counties. Over 79 percent to Southern California, 28 in Orange County, 2,105 in LA and

1,011 in San Diego. Most popular types are smaller breeds like Yorkshire terriers. Theres

a large demand for specific and pure breeds. Appearance is very misleading and isnt

important, such a large number of cities get shipped dogs that were raised in horrible


Etter, Lauren. "How Much is that Puppy in the Window?" ABA Journal, vol. 100, no. 8, 08,

2014, pp. 11-12, Criminal Justice Database, rl=http


This article explains that while cities are taking action against cruel animal sources, there

are still those that dont want to give up due to financial gain. Forty-five cities, give or

take, have begun setting up bans against pet stores buying from large commercial scale

pet breeders. Laws are being passed that are aimed at these breeders because of the

inhumane living conditions these hundreds upon thousands of dogs live through as well

as the puppies that are sent to pet stores. Places like Chicago now mandate pet stores to

get their dogs from shelters or non-profit organizations, more humane sources. Its on on-
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going legal battle, animal welfare advocates are doing well but are not winning 100% of

the time. In some cases, pet store owners sue the city claiming that only using shelters or

non-profits can cause a fall in their business. Cases like these can be granted a

preliminary injunction for possible irreparable harm. This article shows that while the

government has been trying to regulate the sale of pets, due to lack of budget, the U.S.

cant always enforce the act.

Michels, Holly K. "Bill to License Pet Breeders Intended to Curtail Puppy Mills."Missoulian,

Mar 09, 2017, US Newsstream,

The news article explains how Montana has very relaxed state regulations towards

breeding dogs and cats, and as a result, many puppy mill farmers congregate towards

the area. Unfortunately, it costs counties hundreds to thousands to confiscate maltreated

cats and dogs. When seizing, breeders affect not only the animals involved but also affect

the financial status of local taxpayers. Legislation would need any commercial breeder

that own over eight female breeding animals to be licensed by the BVM and pay a fee

with inspections every year to determine if they meet health/humane standards that places

fines from $100 to $1,000. Other attempts to regulate commercial breeders have flopped,

arguments claim that it could be compared to livestock. Its an ongoing legal topic that

has many views on the issue.

Moffett, Samantha ."US should follow California's lead in banning puppy mills."UWIRE Text, 29

Oct. 2017, p. 1. AcademicOneFile,db16.

%7CA512137071&asid=62ce73e9e72e177a9c05a8aec625ca09. Accessed 26 Nov. 2017.

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The article states that California has now banned pet store from selling animals that are

not from shelters and how the rest of the country should follow their example. The state

of California has passed a bill that makes it illegal for pet stores to sell puppies, kittens or

rabbits from animal breeders or puppy mills in order to reduce animal cruelty. Those two

animal sources are well known for being cruel towards their animals. The law requires

stores to get their animals from shelters or rescue centers only. This is to be taken in

effect on January 2019. Research done by the Los Angeles Times states that around 80

percent of breeding farms are unlicensed and dont get inspected by the U.S.

Department of Agriculture. Even those that are licensed and do get inspected have shown

horrible living conditions and breeder dogs that get bred over and over until death. There

is such an overpopulation of dogs in shelters already, the fact that there could be over

10,000 puppy mills with 167,388 breeder dogs. 1.2 million dog are euthanized in shelters

each year. Bills like the one passed in California can cut that number down tremendously,

it forces people to adopt rather than shop. The act can also reduce the amount of strays in

both shelters and the streets decreasing stray born animals.

Puppy Mills. ASPCA, ASPCA, 2011, mills?



The ASPCA stands for the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

The puppy mill section of the website gives fact about the majority of major commercial

dog breeding facilities. Profit is a priority. Accurate descriptions about the living

environments almost all dogs that live in puppy mills live in. Overcrowding, no

veterinary care, food, water, space. Female breeding dogs are bred until they die or get
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killed. Most mill dogs have never set paw on the ground, bound to their wire cages for

the rest of their life. Majority to all mill dogs are sick with various diseases and parasites

as well as genetic issues due to lack of careful breeding. The ASPCA estimates that there

could be around 10,000 -maybe more maybe less- puppy mills in the United States. This

organization is dedicated to helping animals and push people to do the same so I can use

their high stature as a reference.

Taylor, Judy Sutton. "Pet shop pain: anti-puppy mill legislation across the country is dogging pet




%7CA437222845&asid=88c727cb8ae5f3ec8a66e90fbed085b8. Accessed 26 Nov. 2017.

The amount of laws passed by places across the U.S. that ban pet stores from selling

animals from commercial breeders is increasing. Around 88 areas around the country

have banned the sale of dogs, cats, and sometimes rabbits as well as other small animals

that come from breeding facilities. Places like Los Angeles, Miami Beach and Cook

County in Illinois including Chicago. There is an example how in Phoenix the ban was

challenged by a pet store owner and how it was the first city to have been challenged.

Laws allow few small humane breeders and shelter dogs to be adopted in pet stores. The

Humane Society has had a pet store conversion program for two years that ensures

animals are available in stores for pet shops that want them, and more than 4,500 animals

have been adopted as a result. If pet stores are worried about profit, then maybe a friendly

relation and environment with the community could benefit them more.
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