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ecoBiz

Queensland

Conversions and units


Tables
ecoBiz Queensland

Conversions
and units

Units Multiple unit prefixes

Quantity Unit Symbol Unit Symbol Multiple


Length metre m giga G 109
Mass kilogram kg mega M 106
Mass tonne t kilo k 103
Temperature degree Celsius C centi c 10-2
Electrical current ampere A milli m 10-3
Light output lumen lm micro 10-6
Illuminance lux lx nano n 10-9
Volume litre L
Pressure pascal Pa
Energy joule J
Energy kilowatt hour kWh
Power watt W
Conversion factor tables

Energy

Quantity To convert from To Multiply by


Energy Btu British thermal units kJ kilojoules 1.055
Power hp horsepower kW kilowatts 0.746
Length ft feet m metres 0.3048
Length in inches cm centimetres 2.54
Temperature (T) F degrees Fahrenheit C degrees Celsius T(C)=[T(F) 32] : 1.8
Pressure psi pounds per square inch kPa kilopascals 6.89
Mass lb pounds kg kilograms 0.454
Volume ft3 cubic feet m 3
cubic metres 0.0283
Volume ft3 cubic feet L litres 28.3
Volume m3 cubic metres L litres 1000
Velocity fps or f/s feet per second m/s metres per second 0.3048
Flow rate cfm cubic feet per minute m /s 3
cubic metres per second 0.000472
Flow rate cfm cubic feet per minute L/s litres per second 0.472

To convert energy consumption units to megajoules


multiply by
Energy Source To convert energy from the units below To megajoules multiply by
electricity kWh 3.6
natural gas MJ 1
LPG, butane, propane t 49,300
coal (Qld black coal) GJ 1000
fuel oil L 40.8
diesel L 38.4
solar heating kWh 3.6
solar power (photovoltaic) kWh 3.6
biofuels methane generation (from landfill and m 3
37.7
waste water methane only)
windpower kWh 3.6
solar power kWh 3.6
petrol unleaded L 34.2
Energy continued

To convert energy consumption units to greenhouse gas produced (kg CO2-e)

Energy Source To convert from the To greenhouse gas produced


units below (kg CO2-e) multiply by
electricity kWh 1.046
natural gas MJ 0.069
LPG (non-transport) t 3333
LPG (transport) L 1.8
coal (Qld black coal) GJ 93.1
fuel oil L 3.3
diesel L 3.0
solar heating kWh nil
biofuels methane generation m 3
0.189
windpower kWh nil
solar power (photovoltic) kWh nil
petrol unleaded L 2.6

To convert energy consumption in megajoules to greenhouse gas produced (kg CO2-e)

Energy Source To convert from the To greenhouse gas produced


units below (kg CO2-e) multiply by
electricity MJ 0.291
natural gas MJ 0.069
LPG (non-transport) MJ 0.068
LPG (transport) MJ 0.069
coal (Qld black coal) MJ 0.094
fuel oil MJ 0.082
diesel MJ 0.078
solar heating MJ 0
biofuels methane generation MJ 0.005
windpower MJ 0
solar power (photovoltic) MJ 0
petrol unleaded MJ 0.077

Energy conversion figures provided by the Australian Greenhouse Office "AGO Factors and Methods Workbook December 2006"
www. greenhouse.gov.au/workbook
Waste

Quantity To convert from To Multiply by


Length ft feet m metres 0.3048
Length in inches cm centimetres 2.54
Temperature (T) F degrees Fahrenheit C degrees Celsius T(C)=[T(F) 32] : 1.8
Pressure psi pounds per square inch kPa kilopascals 6.89
Mass lb pounds kg kilograms 0.454
Mass kg kilograms t tonnes 0.001
Mass tn long ton (imperial) t tonnes 1.016
Mass tn short ton (US) t tonnes 0.907
Volume ft 3
cubic feet m 3
cubic metres 0.0283
Volume L litres m 3
cubic metres 0.001

Water

Quantity To convert from To Multiply by


Length ft feet m metres 0.3048
Length in inches cm centimetres 2.54
Temperature (T) F degrees Fahrenheit C degrees Celsius T(C)=[T(F) 32] : 1.8
Pressure psi pounds per square inch kPa kilopascals 6.89
Mass lb pounds kg kilograms 0.454
Volume gal(imp.) imperial gallons L litres 4.55
Volume gal(US) US gallons L litres 3.79
Volume ft
3
cubic feet L litres 28.3
Volume m 3
cubic metres L litres 1000
Flow rate gal(imp.)/min imperial gallons per minute L/s litres per second 0.0758
Flow rate gal(US)/min US gallons per minute L/s litres per second 0.0631
Flow rate cfm cubic feet per minute L/s litres per second 0.472

For more information


> visit www.epa.qld.gov.au/ecobiz
> email ecobiz@epa.qld.gov.au
> call (07) 3225 1999 000328-0607_Ver.3_May07