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Crack width 10-May-07 Tayeb Kazemi Tayeb.kazemi@stskconsulting.co.uk
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first issue
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DOCUMENT No.(Project / Doc) SHEET No.

STSK Consulting Ltd Date


SUBJECT
PREPARED BY:

REF CALCULATIONS OUTPUT

BS 5400 pt 4 Crack width


C.L. 5.8.8.2 3 a cr m
w=
1+2( a cr c nom )/( hd c )
acr is distance from the point (crack) considered to the surface of the nearest bar
which controls the crack width;
Cnom is the required nominal cover
dc is the depth of the concrete in compression (if dc is 0 use BS5400 Pt 4 Eq. 26)
h is the overall depth
em is the calculated strain at the level where cracking is being considered, allowing
for the stiffening effect of the concrete in the tension zone;

3 . 8 bt h(a 'd c ) Mq
m= 1[ ][(1 )109 ]
s A s (hd c ) Mg
but shall not be greater than e1

e1 is the calculated strain at the level where cracking is being considered, ignoring
stiffening of the concrete in the tension zone;

bt is the width of the section at the level of the centroid of the tension steel;
a' is the distance from the compression face to the point at which the crack width is
being calculated;
Mg is the moment at the section considered due to permanent loads ;
Mq is the moment at the section considered due to live loads;
es is the calculated strain in the tension reinforcement, ignoring the stiffening effect
of the concrete in the tension zone;
As is the area of tension reinforcement b

Mg = 47.4 KNm
Mq = 164.6 KNm
Ec = 30.8 kN/mm Short term x
Ec = 27.36 KN/mm Intermediate value d
Es = 205 KN/mm
b 1000 mm
Bar spacing 150 mm
Bar dia. 25 mm
Cnom 45 mm
Cover 76 mm
Thickness 500 mm
a' 469 mm (equals h unless cover
is more than nominal)

acr =

m = Es / Ec
(
S 2
2
=
) +( C +
205 /
bar . dia 2 bar . dia
2
)
27.4 =
2
7.5
= 82 mm

Taking first moment of area about the neutral axis


2
bx
= A s m( d x )
2
As = 3272.49 mm
DOCUMENT No.(Project / Doc) SHEET No.

STSK Consulting Ltd Date


SUBJECT
PREPARED BY:

REF CALCULATIONS OUTPUT

x = 119.64 mm (dc)
-173.9 Not acceptable
My Mm(d x /3 )
Stress= =
I I
Second moment of area

I =I ' + I ''+ A 1 d
12

I = 3.13E+09 mm4

2.1E+08 x 7.5 x( 411.5 - 40 )


Stress(steel) = = 188.79 N/mm
3.1E+09

( a'x) 188.79 x( 469 - 119.64 )


1= = 205000 x( 411.5 - 119.64 )
= 0.0011
E s (dx)
em = 1.10E-03

w = 0.22703 mm

Allowable crack width = 0.25 mm

0.22703 < 0.25 O.K.


DOCUMENT No.(Project / Doc) SHEET No.

STSK Consulting Ltd Date


SUBJECT
PREPARED BY:

REF CALCULATIONS OUTPUT