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Definisi Discussion Text

Disebutkan dalam Learner Merriam-Webster Dictionary, bahwa kata Discussion memiliki dua
makna. Pertama, the act of talking about something with another person or a group of people : a
conversation about something (Tindakan berbicara tentang suatu hal kepada orang lain atau
sekumpulan orang). Kedua, a speech or piece of writing that gives information, ideas, opinions,
etc., about something (Ucapan atau tulisan yang memberikan informasi, ide, opini, dll tentang
suatu hal).
Dari kedua pengertian discussion di atas, makna nomor dua lebih cocok dengan makna
discussion text. Jika disimpulkan, discussion text bermakna sebuah teks baik terucap atau tertulis
yang memberikan informasi, ide, pendapat, tentang suatu hal.

Generic Structure of Discusssion Text

Secara sederhana, susunan umum dalam discussion text ini terbagi menjadi 3 bagian.

1. Issue (masalah)
2. Arguments (Pendapat)
a. Supporting Points (Pendapat Yang Mendukung)
b. Contrasting Points (Pendapat Yang Bertentangan)
3. Conclusion / Recommendation (Kesimpulan / Saran)

Issue (Masalah Utama)

Issue ini berisikan masalah yang akan didiskusikan lebih lanjut. Jika anda ingin menulis sebuah
teks diskusi ini, ada baiknya pilihlah topik permasalahan yang kontroversial sehingga nanti anda
memiliki banyak argumen, baik argumen yang mendukung ataupun argumen yang bertentangan.
Misalnya saja, topik masalah Siswa Tidak Boleh Membawa Handphone agar tidak mengganggu
kegiatan belajar mengajar di sekolah .

Supporting Points (Pendapat Yang Mendukung)

Pada bagian supporting points ini, kita dituntut untuk menjabarkan lebih lanjut mengenai
penjelasan tentang masalah yang sedang kita bahas. Jika dalam Issue berisikan masalah seperti
pada contoh issue di atas, maka anda harus menjelaskan lebih rinci tentang HP yang bisa
mengganggu kegiatan belajar mengajar di sekolah.
Contrasting Points (Pendapat Yang Bertentangan)

Pada bagian contrasting points ini, alangkah baiknya kita memberikan pendapat yang lebih
berbeda dengan supporting points. Jika HP dianggap memberikan efek negatif terhadap siswa,
maka pada bagian ini kita harus memberikan pendapat mengenai manfaat HP untuk siswa.
Misalnya saja, dengan memberikan argumen bahwa HP bisa memudahkan siswa dalam mencari
informasi di internet tentang mata pelajaran yang sedang dibahas.

Recommendation / Conclusion (Saran / Kesimpulan)

Pada bagian ini, usahakan kita mengambil jalan tengah mengenai masalah yang sedang dibahas
agar kesimpulan yang kita ambil tidak lagi mendatangkan masalah baru. Misalnya saja dalam
masalah HP di atas, kita bisa memberikan saran / kesimpulan dengan menuliskan Sekolah
memperbolehkan siswa membawa HP asal tidak diaktifkan ketika kegiatan belajar mengajar
sedang berlangsung.
Nah, begitulah kiranya Argumentative Essay yang bisa anda pelajari. Untuk memperjelasnya,
mari kita lihat contoh di bawah ini :

Contoh Discussion Text

The Ban on Smoking in Public Places (Larangan Merokok di Tempat Umum)

Smoking ban in public places has been a hot issue these last months not only in Malta but also in
various countries who are discussing the effects a ban would have. There have been several
debates on smoking ban. Even though the harmful effects of smoking, both active and passive,
are well known and undeniable smoking is far from being in decline; it is spreading among
young people in particular quickly.

Most controversial debate is going on public smoking ban. The reason is simple, smoking ban
affects directly all people rapidly and we can see its effects in a short-term period. There have
been a lot of arguments brought up both in favour and against a public smoking ban. Some of the
arguments in favour are the following. Smoking ban is one of the controversial ways for
reducing smoking and recognizing non-smokers right to health protection. The health risks of
smoking are clear. Passive smoking does carry risks. Many leading medical and scientific
organizations recognize second hand smoke as a cause of a range of life-threatening conditions.
The health situation could be drastically improved if one of the risk factors - tobacco - was
eliminated. People have a right to protect themselves from smoke inhalation. People shouldnt
have to inhale the ill-effects of other peoples smoking. The creation of smoke-free public places
also improves air quality.
Those opposing a smoking ban say that freedom of choice would be affected by such legislation.
Some people against a ban say that smoking bans damage business. A smoking ban could lead to
a significant fall in earnings from bars, restaurants and casinos. Another argument is that the
smoker has a basic human right to smoke in public places, and the ban is a limitation for
smokers rights. Businesses, smokers, publicans, tobacco industries, stars, and some of the non-
smokers oppose public smoking ban. Smokers light a cigarette because they need to smoke, not
because they want it, because nicotine is physically addictive. Therefore, some smokers think
that the public smoking ban is oppressiveness. They see the ban as a treatment to smokers as
second-class citizens. Smokers agree that the smoking ban benefits the world, but cannot support
the ban, because effects of nicotine obstruct them.

Public smoking ban needs to be measured and understood better. Smokers should not be made to
look like outcasts, but smokers should respect non-smokers when sharing places. I agree that
completely smoke-free places are the ideal, and some businesses have taken the decision to go
completely smoke-free. However, everyone agrees that, it is a matter of rights - the right of
smokers to smoke versus non-smokers to protect from passive smoking and to breathe clean air.
Referensi

"The Ban on Smoking in Public Places."