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CARAGA STATE UNIVERSITY

CABADBARANCAMPUS
T.Curato St.,Cabadbaran City, Philippines
Tel. Nos. (085)3431020 / 281-2032
csucc.carsu.edu.ph

COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

MALASAGA, JONATHAN P. Statics of Rigid Bodies


BSEE III - 8 Comprehensive Examination

Part 1:
1. Mechanics
2. Statics
3. Particle
4. Rigid bodies
5. Concentrated force
6. Scalar
7. Vector
8. Free Body Diagram

Part 2:
1. Three Laws of Motion
First Law An object at rest stays at rest and an object in motion stays in motion with
the same speed and in the same direction unless there is an unbalance force acted
upon on it
Second Law The acceleration of an object as produced by a net force is directly
proportional to the magnitude of the net force, in the same direction as the net force, and
inversely proportional to the mass of the object.
Third Law in every interaction, there is a pair of forces acting on the two interacting
objects. The size of the forces on the first object equals the size of the force on the
second object. The direction of the force on the first object is opposite to the direction of
the force on the second object. Forces always come in pairs - equal and opposite action-
reaction force pairs.

2. Equilibrium
- State of stable conditions in which all significant factors remain more or less constant
over a period, and there is little or no inherent tendency for change. For example, a
market is said to be in equilibrium if the amount of goods that buyers wish to buy at the
current price is matched by the amount the sellers want to sell at that price. Also called
steady state.
Part 3:
1.) Determine the magnitude of the resultant force and its direction measured
counterclockwise from the positive x axis. (10 point)

Using triangle method:


= 180 - 60 - 45
= 75

FR = 4002 + 2502 -2(400)(250)(cos75)


FR = 413.20 N
sin sin75
=
400 413.20
sin(413.20) = sin75(400)
= 35.760
= 60 - 35.76
= 24.24
2.) Determine the mass of each of the two cylinders if they cause a sag of s = 0.5
m when suspended from the rings at A and B. Note that s = 0 when the cylinders
are removed. (15 points)

S1 = 22 + 1.52
S1 = 2.5 m

S2 = 22 + 22
S2 = 22 m

F = sk
= (22 - 2.5)(100)
F = 32.84 N

= tan (22)
= 450

Fy = 0
Let:
W = weight of a cylinder
2(32.84)(sin45) - 2W = 0
W = 23.22 N

The mass of a cylinder (M)


23.22 N
M= =
9.81 m/s2

M= 2.37 kg
3.) Determine the maximum mass of the crate so that the tension developed in
any cable does not exceeded 3 kN. (15 points)

FAB = FAB i
FAC = -FAC j

FAD = FAD ( (20)i +(20)j +(10)k


(2 0)2 + (2 0)2 + (1 0)2
)
2 2 1
FAD = - 3 FADi + 3FADj + + 3FADk

W = [-m(9.81)k]
Since,
F = 0
FAB + FAC + FAD - W = 0
2 2 1
FABi + (-FACj) + (- 3 FADi + 3FADj + + 3FADk) + [-m(9.81)k]
2 2 1
(FAB - 3FAD)i + (-FAC + 3FAD) + (3FAD - 9.81m)k

By i, j and k components:
2
FAB - 3FAD = 0
2
FAC + 3FAD = 0
1
FAD - 9.81m = 0
3

Since the FAD = 0, then the mass of the crate is:


1
(3000) - 9.81m = 0
3
m = 101.94 kg
4.) Determine the force in each member of the truss and state if the members are
in tension or compression. Set P1 = 2 kN and P2 = 1.5 kN. Use method of joints.

Joint C:
+Fy = 0
sin30(FCB) - 1.5 = 0
FCB = 3 kN (T)
+Fx = 0
FCD + 3(cos30) = 0
FCD = -2.6
FCD = 2.6 kN (C)

Joint D:
+Fx = 0
FDE 2 = 0
FDE = 2 kN (T)

+Fy = 0
FDB + 2.6 = 0
FDB = -2.6
FDB = 2.6 kN (C)

Joint B:
+Fy = 0
FBE(cos30) + 2(cos30) = 0
FBE = -2
FBE = 2 kN (C)

+Fx = 0
(2+2)(sin30) + 3 FBA
FDB = 5 kN (T)
5.) Determine the force in members GE, GC, and BC of the truss shown in Fig. 2.
Indicate whether the members are in tension or compression. Use the method of
sections.

+Fx = 0
400 Ax = 0
Ax = 400 N

MC = 0
1200(8) + 400(3) Dy(12) = 0
Dy = 900 N

+Fy = 0
Ay -1200 +900 = 0
Ay = 300 N
At point G:
MG = 0
-300(4) 400(3) FBC(3) = 0
FBC = 800 (T)

At point C:
MC = 0
300(8) +FGE(3) = 0
FGE = -800 N
FGE = 800 N (C)

+Fy = 0
3
300 ( )FGC = 0
5
FGC 500 N (T)
6.) Determine the horizontal and vertical components of reaction that pins A and
B exert on the two-member frame. Set F = 500 N.

At member AC:
MA = 0
-Cx(1.5sin60) + Cy(1.5cos60) + 600(0.75) = 0

At member CB:
MB = 0
-500(1) + Cx(1) + Cy(1) = 0
Therefore:
Cx = 402.63 N
Cy = 97.37 N

At member AC:
+Fx = 0
-Ax + 600(sin60) 402.63 = 0
Ax = 117 N
+Fy = 0
Ay 600(cos60) 97.37 = 0
Ay = 397.37 N

At member CB:
+Fx = 0
402.63 500 + Bx = 0
Bx = 97.37 N
+Fy = 0
-By +97.37 = 0
By = 97.37 N
7.) The wall crane supports a load of 700 lb. Determine the horizontal and vertical
components of reaction at the pins A and D. Also, what is the force in the cable at
the winch W?

Fy = 2T - 700 = 0
T = 350 lb
Member ABC:
MA = 0
By(4) - 700(8) - 100(4) - (350sin60)(4) = 0
By = 1803.11 lb
Fy = 0
-Ay - 350sin60 -100 -700 + 1803.11 = 0
Ay = 700 lb
Fx = 0
Ax - 350cos60 - Bx + 350 - 350 = 0
Ax - Bx = 350cos60-350+350
Ax Bx= 175lbs.

Member DB:
MD = 0
-40(2) - 1803.11(4) + Bx = 0
Bx = 1823.11 lb
Fx = 0
-Dx + 1823.11 = 0
Dx + 1823.11 lb
FY = 0
Dy - 40 1803.11 = 0
Dy = 1843.11 lb
Since, Ax - Bx = 175
Ax = 175 + 1823.11
Ax = 1998.11 lb
8.) Determine the horizontal and vertical components of force at pins A and C of
the two-member frame.

Fx = fd
= (3)(600)
Fx = 1800 N

Fy = fd
= (500N/m+400N/m)(3)
= 900(3)
Fy = 2700 N

Prepared by: Checked by:


JAYSON C. LORETO, REE, ECE BLONDIE
SANCHEZ, MoE

Instructor 1 Department Chairperson