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CLASS – 06
CHAPTER – 08
Decimals
EXERCISE 8.1
Q.1) Write the following as numbers in the given table:

Sol.1) One block divided into 10 equal parts means each part is 1/10 (one-tenth) of a unit. It
can be written as 0.1 in decimal notation. One block divided into 100 equal parts means
each part is (1/100) one-hundredth of a unit.

m
a) We see that there are three towers made of 10 blocks representing 3 tens, one
block representing ones and two parts of a block representing 2 tenths.

co
This can be shown on the table as:
Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths
0 3 1 y.2
da
b) In this we see 1 hundreds, 1 ten’s and 4 tenths.
to

Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths


1 1 0 4
es

Q.2) Write the following decimals in the place value table.


(a) 19.4 (b) 0.3 (c) 10.6 (d) 205.9
di

Sol.2) Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths


tu

a) 0 1 9 4
.s

b) 0 0 0 3
c) 0 1 0 6
w

d) 2 0 5 9
w

Q.3) Write each of the following as decimals :


w

(a) Seven-tenths
(b) Two tens and nine-tenths
(c) Fourteen-point six
(d) One hundred and two ones
(e) Six hundred point eight
Sol.3) 7
a) Seven-tenths = 0.7
10

9
b) Two tens and nine tenths = 20 + = 20 + 0.9 = 20.9
10
c) Fourteen point six = 14.6
d) One hundred and two ones = 100 + 2 = 102
e) Six hundred point eight = 600.8
Q.4) Write each of the following as decimals:
5 7 1
a) b) 3 + c) 200 + 60 + 50 +
10 10 10
8 88 2
d) 70 + e) f) 4
10 10 10

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3 2 12
g) h) i)
2 5 5
3 1
j) 3 k) 4
5 2
Sol.4) 5
a) There are 5 tenths in the number, = 0.5
10
So, the decimal representation is 0.5

7
b) There are 3 ones and 7 tenths in the number, 3 + = 3 + 0.7 = 3.7
10
So, the decimal representation is 3.7

c) There are 2 hundred, 6 tens, 5 ones and 1 tenth in the number, 200 + 60 +
1
5 + = 265 + 0.1 = 265.1
10
So, the decimal representation is 265.1

8
d) There are 7 tens, 0 ones and 8 tenths in the number, 70 + = 70 + 0.8 =
10
70.8
So, the decimal representation is 70.8

m
co
88 80+8 80 8 8
e) = = + =8+ = 8.8
10 10 10 10 10
2 2
f) 4 = 4 + = 4.2
g)
10 10
y.
For writing in decimal notation, the denominator of the fraction should be 10.
da
3 3×5 15
So, we make an equivalent fraction as, = =
2 2×5 10
Now, writing this fraction in decimal form,
to

15 10 + 5 10 5 5
= = + =1+ = 0.5
es

10 10 10 10 10
2 2×2 4
h) = = = 0.4
5 5×2 10
di

12 12×2 24
i) = =
5 10 5×2
tu

24 10 + 10 + 4 10 10 4
= = + + = 1 + 1 + 0.4 = 2.4
10 10 10 10 10
.s

3 3×2 6
j) 3 =3+ = 3 + = 3.6
5 5×2 10
w

1 1×5 5
k) 4 =4+ =4+ = 4.5
2 2×5 10
w

Q.5) Write the following decimals as fractions. Reduce the fractions to lowest form.
w

(a) 0.6 (b) 2.5 (c) 1.0 (d) 3.8


(e) 13.7 (f) 21.2 (g) 6.4
Sol.5) 6 3 25 5 38
(a) 0.6 = = (b) 2.5 = = (c) 1.0 = 1 (d) 3.8 = =
10 5 10 2 10
19
5
137 212 106 64 32
(e) 13.7 = (f) 21.2 = = (g) 6.4 = =
10 10 5 10 5
Q.6) Express the following as cm using decimals.
(a) 2 mm (b) 30 mm (c) 116 mm (d) 4 cm 2 mm
(e) 162 mm (f) 83 mm
Sol.6) 2 30
a) 2𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 0.2 𝑐𝑚 b) 30𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 3𝑐𝑚
10 10
116 2
c) 116𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 11.6𝑐𝑚 d) 4𝑐𝑚2𝑚𝑚 = 4𝑐𝑚 + 10 𝑐𝑚 = 4𝑐𝑚 + 0.2𝑐𝑚 = 4.2𝑐𝑚
10
162 83
e) 162𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 16.2𝑐𝑚 f) 83𝑚𝑚 = 10 𝑐𝑚 = 8.3𝑐𝑚
10
Q.7) Between which two whole numbers on the number line are the given numbers lie?
Which of these whole numbers is nearer the number?
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Sol.7) 8
a) 0.8 = 0 +
10
So, it lies between 0 and 1 and is nearer to 1.

1
b) 5.1 = 5 +
10
So, it lies between 5 and 6 and is nearer to 5.

6
c) 2.6 = 2 +
10
So, it lies between 2 and 3 and is nearer to 3.

4
d) 6.4 = 6 +
10
So, it lies between 6 and 7 and is nearer to 6.

m
1
e) 9.1 = 9 +

co
10
So, it lies between 9 and 10 and is nearer to 9.

f) 4.9 = 4 +
9
10 y.
da
So, it lies between 4 and 5 and is nearer to 5.
to

Q.8) Show the following numbers on the number line:


(a) 0.2 (b) 1.9 (c) 1.1 (d) 2.5
es

Sol.8) a) 0.2 lies between 0 and 1. There are 2 tenths in it. Divide the unit length into 10
equal parts and 0.2 represents the 2nd part.
di
tu

b) 1.9 lies between 1 and 2. There are 9 tenths in it. 1.9 represents the ninth part
after 1.
.s
w

c) 1.1 lies between 1 and 2. There are 1 tenth in it. 1.1 represents the first part
after 1.
w
w

d) 2.5 lies between 2 and 3. There are 5 tenths in it. 2.5 represents the fifth part
after 2.

Q.9) Write the decimal number represented by the points A, B, C, D on the given number line.

Sol.9) A represents the 8th equal part between 0 and 1. So, A is 0.8.
B represents the 3rd equal part between 1 and 2. So, B is 1.3.
C represents the 2nd equal part between 2 and 3 and
hence is the number 2.2 and D is 2.9, the 9th equal part between 2 and 3.

Q.10) (a) The length of Ramesh’s notebook is 9 cm 5 mm. What will be its length in cm?

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(b) The length of a young gram plant is 65 mm. Express its length in cm.
Sol.10) a) The length of Ramesh’s notebook is 9 𝑐𝑚 5 𝑚𝑚.
5
9𝑐𝑚 5𝑚𝑚 = 9𝑐𝑚 + 𝑐𝑚 = 9.5𝑐𝑚(10 𝑚𝑚 = 1 𝑐𝑚)
10
b) The length of a young gram plant.
65
65𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 6.5 𝑐𝑚
10
Exercise 8.2
Q.1) Complete the table with the help of these boxes and use decimals to write the number.

m
Sol.1) a) There are two tenths and 6 hundredths. So, the decimal is 0.26
b) One whole or ones, 3 tenths and 8 hundredths. Decimal is 1.38

co
c) One whole or ones, two tenths and 8 hundredths. Decimal is 1.28

Ones Tenths Hundredthsy. Number


da
(a) 0 2 6 0.26
(b) 1 3 8 1.38
to

(c) 1 2 8 1.28
es

Q.2) Write the numbers given in the following place value table in decimal form.
di
tu
.s
w
w

Sol.2) 1 1 2 5
a) 3 × 1 + 2 × + 5 × =3+ + = 3 + 0.2 + 0.05 = 3.25
10 100 10 100
w

1 1 6 3
b) 1 × 100 + 0 × 10 + 2 × 1 + 6 × 10 + 3 × 100 = 100 + 2 + 0 + 10 + 100 = 102 + 0.6 + 0.03 = 102.63
1 1 1 2 5
c) 0 × 100 + 3 × 10 + 0 + 0 × + 2 × +5× = 0 + 30 + + = 30 +
10 100 1000 100 1000
0.02 + 0.005 = 30.025
1 1 1 9
d) 2 × 100 + 1 × 10 + 1 + 9 × + 0 × +2× = 200 + 10 + 1 + + 0 +
10 100 1000 10
2
= 211 + 0.9 + 0.002 = 211.902
1000
1 1 1 2 4 1
e) 0 × 100 + 1 × 10 + 2 + 2 × + 4 × +1× = 10 + 2 + + + =
10 100 1000 10 100 1000
12 + 0.2 + 0.04 + 0.001 = 12.241
Q.3) Write the following decimals in the place value table.
(a) 0.29 (b) 2.08 (c) 19.60 (d) 148.32
(e) 200.812
Sol.3) Let us write the decimals in expanded form.
2 9
a) 0.29 = 0.26 + 0.09 = +
10 100
8
b) 2.08 = 2 + 0.08 = 2 +
100

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6
c) 19.60 = 10 + 9 + 0.6 = 1 × 10 + 9 × 1 +
10
3 2
d) 148.32 = 100 + 40 + 8 + 0.3 + 0.02 = 100 + 4 × 10 + 8 × 1 + +
10 100
8 1 2
e) 200.812 = 200 + 0.8 + 0.01 + 0.02 = 2 × 100 + + +
10 100 1000
Now, let us complete the table.

Hundreds Tens Ones Tenths Hundredths Thousandths


a) 0 0 0 2 0 0
b) 0 0 2 0 8 0
c) 0 1 9 6 0 0
d) 1 4 8 3 2 0
e) 2 0 0 8 1 2
Q.4) Write each of the following as decimals.
4 1 5 7 6 4
a) 20 + 9 + + b) 137 + c) + +
10 100 100 10 100 1000
2 6 9
d) 23 + + e) 700 + 20 + 5 +
10 1000 100

m
Sol.4) 4 1
a) 20 + 9 + + = 29 + 0.4 + 0.01+= 29.41

co
10 100
5
b) 137 + = 137 + 0.05+= 137.05
100
c)
7
10
+
6
100
+
1000
4
= 0.7 + 0.06 + 0.004 = 0.764
y.
da
2 6
d) 23 + + = 23 + 0.2 + 0.006+= 23.206
10 1000
9
e) 700 + 20 + 5 + = 725 + 0.09 = 725.09
to

100
es

Q.5) Write each of the following decimals in words.


(a) 0.03 (b) 1.20 (c) 108.56 (d) 10.07 (e) 0.032 (f) 5.008
di

Sol.5) a) 0.03 = zero point zero three


tu

b) 1.20 = one point two zero


.s

c) 108.56 = one hundred eight point five six.


d) 10.07 = ten point zero seven.
w

e) 0.032 = zero point zero three two


w

f) 5.008 = five point zero eight


w

Q.6) Between which two numbers in tenths place on the number line does each of the given
number lie?
(a) 0.06 (b) 0.45 (c) 0.19 (d) 0.66 (e) 0.92 (f) 0.57

Sol.6) a) 0.06 lies between 0 and 0.1


b) 0.45 lies between 0.4 and 0.5
c) 0.19 lies between 0.1 and 0.2
d) 0.66 lies between 0.6 and 0.7
e) 0.92 lies between 0.9 and 1
f) 0.57 lies between 0.5 and 0.6
Q.7) Write as fractions in lowest terms.
(a) 0.60 (b) 0.05 (c) 0.75 (d) 0.18
(e) 0.25 (f) 0.125 (g) 0.066

Sol.7) 60 6 3
a) 0.60 = = =
100 10 5
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5 1
b) 0.05 = =
100 20
75 15 3
c) 0.75 = = =
100 20 4
18 9
d) 0.18 = =
100 50
25 5 1
e) 0.25 = = =
100 20 4
125 25 5 1
f) 0.125 = = = =
1000 200 40 8
66 33
g) 0.066 = =
1000 500
Exercise 8.3
Q.1) Which is greater?
(a) 0.3 or 0.4 (b) 0.07 or 0.02
(c) 3 or 0.8 (d) 0.5 or 0.05
(e) 1.23 or 1.2 (f) 0.099 or 0.19
(g) 1.5 or 1.50 (h) 1.431 or 1.490
(i) 3.3 or 3.300 (j) 5.64 or 5.603
Sol.1) 3 4
a) 0.3 = and 0.4 =

m
10 10
The whole number part is the same. It can be seen that the tenth part (3) of 0.3 is less

co
than the tenth part (4) of 0.4.
So, 0.4 is greater.

b) 0.07 =
7
and 0.02 =
2
y.
da
100 100
The whole number part is the same. It can be seen that the hundredth part (7) of 0.07 is
greater than the hundredth part (2) of 0.02.
to

So, 0.07 is greater.


es

c) 3 or 0.8
8
di

0.8 =
100
tu

The whole part 3 is greater than the decimal 0.8


So, 3 is greater
.s
w

d) 0.5 or 0.05
5 5
0.5 = and 0.05 =
w

10 100
The whole part is the same. Tenth part of 0.5 is 5 and the tenth part of 0.05 is 0. So, we
w

see that the tenth part of 0.5 is greater than the tenth part of 0.05. So, 0.5 is greater.

e) 1.23 or 1.2
Whole part is 1 and is the same. The tenth part is also the same. The hundredth part of
1.23 is 3 and the hundredth part of 1.2 is 0. So, we see that 1.23 is greater.

f) 0.099 or 0.19
Whole number part is the same. The tenth part of 0.099 is 0 and that of 0.19 is 1. So, the
tenth part of 0.19 is greater than 0.099. Hence, 0.19 is greater.

g) 1.5 or 1.50
Whole number is the same. The tenth part is the same. So, the numbers are equal.

h) 1.431 or 1.490

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The whole number is same. The number in the tenth part is also the same. The
hundredth part of 1.431 is 3 and that of 1.491 is 9. We see that 3 < 9 and hence 1.431 is
lesser than 1.490.
Hence, 1.490 is greater.

i) 3.3 or 3.300
The whole number part and the tenth part are the same. When there are no digits in the
hundredths and the thousandths place of the number, we know that the digits are zero.
So, the numbers are the same.

j) 5.64 or 5.603
The whole number and the tenth place digits are the same. As 4 is greater than 0, we
know that 5.64 is greater than 5.603.
So, 5.64 is greater.

Q.2) Make five more examples and find the greater number from them.

m
a) 4.7 or 4.4
b) 7.34 or 7.304

co
c) 0.043 or 0.00985
d) 10.598 or 10.61
e) 3.23 or 3.25
y.
da
Sol.2) a) 4.7 or 4.4
Here, the whole part of both the numbers is same.
to

But the tenth part of 4.7 is greater than that of 4.4.


∴ 4.7 > 4.4
es

b) 3.23 or 3.25
di

Here, the whole parts as well as the tenth part of both the numbers are same.
But the hundredth part of 3.25 is greater than that of a 3.23.
tu

Therefore, 3.25 > 3.23.


.s

c) 7.34 or 7.304
w

Here, the whole parts and the tenth part of both the numbers are same.
w

But the hundredth part of 7.34 is greater than that of a 7.304.


Therefore, 7.34 > 7.304
w

d) 0.043 or 0.00985
Here, the whole parts and the tenth part of both the numbers are same.
But the hundredth part of 0.043 is greater than that of a 0.00985.
Therefore, 0.043 > 0.00985

e) 10.598 or 10.61
Here, the whole parts of both the numbers are same.
But the tenth part of 10.61 is greater than that of a 10.598.
Therefore, 10.61 > 10.598
Exercise 8.4
Q.1) Express as rupees using decimals.
(a) 5 paisa (b) 75 paisa (c) 20 paisa
(d) 50 rupees 90 paisa (e) 725 paisa
Sol.1) We know that 100 paisa = Rs.1
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1
Therefore, 1 paisa = 𝑅𝑠. = 𝑅𝑠. 0.01
100
a) 5 𝑝𝑎𝑖𝑠𝑎
5
⇒ 𝑅𝑠. = 𝑅𝑠. 0.05
100
b) 75 𝑝𝑎𝑖𝑠𝑎
75
⇒ 𝑅𝑠. = 𝑅𝑠. 0.75
100
c) 20 𝑝𝑎𝑖𝑠𝑎
20
⇒ 𝑅𝑠. = 𝑅𝑠. 0.20
100
d) 50 𝑟𝑢𝑝𝑒𝑒𝑠 90 𝑝𝑎𝑖𝑠𝑎
90
⇒ 𝑅𝑠. 50 + 𝑅𝑠.
100
⇒ 𝑅𝑠. 50 + 𝑅𝑠. 0.90 = 𝑅𝑠. 50.90
e) 725 𝑝𝑎𝑖𝑠𝑎
725
⇒ 𝑅𝑠. = 𝑅𝑠. 7.25
100
Q.2) Express as metres using decimals.
a)15 cm (b) 6 cm (c) 2 m 45 cm d) 9 m 7 cm
(e) 419 cm

m
Sol.2) 𝟏
𝟏 𝒄𝒎 = 𝒎 or 𝟎. 𝟎𝟏 𝒎

co
𝟏𝟎𝟎
a) 15𝑐𝑚
15
⇒ 𝑚 = 0.15 𝑚
100
b) 6𝑐𝑚 y.
da
6
⇒ 𝑚 = 0.06 𝑚
100
c) 2𝑚 45𝑐𝑚
to

45
⇒ 2m + 𝑚
100
es

⇒ 2m + 0.45m = 2.45 m
d) 9𝑚 7𝑐𝑚
di

7
⇒ 9m + 𝑚
100
tu

⇒ 9m + 0.07m = 9.07m
e) 419 𝑐𝑚
.s

419
⇒ 𝑚 = 4.19 𝑚
100
w

Q3) Express as cm using decimals.


(a) 5 mm
w

(b) 60 mm (c) 164 mm (d) 9 cm 8 mm


(e) 93 mm
w

Sol.3) We know that


𝟏
𝟏 𝒄𝒎 = 𝒎𝒎 𝒐𝒓 𝟎. 𝟏 𝒎𝒎.
𝟏𝟎
5
a) 5𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 0.5𝑐𝑚
10
60
b) 60𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 6𝑐𝑚
10
164
c) 164 𝑚𝑚 = 𝑐𝑚 = 16.4𝑐𝑚
10
d) 9𝑐𝑚 8𝑚𝑚
8
⇒ 9𝑐𝑚 + 𝑐𝑚
10
⇒ 9 + 0.8cm = 9.8cm
e) 93𝑚𝑚
93
⇒ 𝑐𝑚 = 9.3 𝑐𝑚
10
Q.4) Express as km using decimals.
(a) 8 m (b) 88 m (c) 8888 m (d) 70 km 5 m

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Sol.4) 𝟏
𝟏𝒎 = 𝒌𝒎 𝒐𝒓 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟏 𝒌𝒎
𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎
a) 8𝑚
8
⇒ 𝑘𝑚 = 0.008 𝑘𝑚
1000
b) 88 𝑚
88
⇒ 𝑘𝑚 = 0.088 𝑘𝑚
1000
c) 8888 𝑚
8888
⇒ 𝑘𝑚 = 8.888 𝑘𝑚
1000
d) 70 𝑘𝑚 5𝑐𝑚
5
⇒ 70 km + 𝑘𝑚
1000
⇒ 70 + 0.005 km = 70.005 km
Q.5) Express as kg using decimals.
(a) 2 g (b) 100 g (c) 3750 g (d) 5 kg 8 g
(e) 26 kg 50 g
Sol.5) 𝟏

m
𝟏𝒈 = 𝒌𝒈 = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟏 𝒌𝒈
𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎
a) 2 𝑔

co
2
⇒ 𝑘𝑔 = 0.002 𝑘𝑔
1000
b) 100 𝑔
100 y.
da
⇒ 𝑘𝑔 = 0.1 𝑘𝑔
1000
c) 3750 𝑔
to

3750
⇒ 𝑘𝑔 = 3.750 𝑘𝑔
es

1000
d) 5 𝑘𝑔 8 𝑔
8
⇒ 5 𝑘𝑔 + 𝑘𝑔
di

1000
⇒ 5 + 0.008 𝑘𝑔 = 5.008𝑘𝑔
tu

e) 26 𝑘𝑔 50 𝑔
50
.s

⇒ 26 𝑘𝑔 + 𝑘𝑔
1000
⇒ 26 + 0.05 kg = 26.05 kg
w

Exercise 8.5
w

Q.1) Find the sum in each of the following:


w

(a) 0.007 + 8.5 + 30.08


(b) 15 + 0.632 + 13.8
(c) 27.076 + 0.55 + 0.004
(d) 25.65 + 9.005 + 3.7
(e) 0.75 + 10.425 + 2
(f) 280.69 + 25.2 + 38
Sol.1) a) 0.007 + 8.5 + 30.08
0.007
8.500
+ 30.080
38.587

b) 15 + 0.632 + 13.8
15.000
0.632
+13.800
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29.432

c) 27.076 + 0.55 + 0.004


27.076
0.550
+ 0.004
27.630

d) 25.65 + 9.005 + 3.7


25.650
9.005
+ 3.700
38.355

e) 0.75 + 10.425 + 2
0.750
10.425

m
+ 2.000

co
13.175

f) 280.69 + 25.2 + 38
280.690 y.
da
25.200
+ 38.000
to

343.890
Q.2) Rashid spent Rs.35.75 for Maths book and Rs.32.60 for Science book. Find the total
es

amount spent by Rashid.


Sol.2) Amount spent for Maths book = Rs. 35.75
di

Amount spent for Science book = Rs. 32.60


tu

Total amount spent for the books = 35.75 + 32.60


35.75
.s

+ 32.60
w

68.35
So, Rashid spent Rs. 68.35 for the books.
w

Q.3) Radhika’s mother gave her Rs.10.50 and her father gave her Rs.15.80, find the total
w

amount given to Radhika by the parents.


Sol.3) Amount given by mother = Rs. 10.50
Amount given by father = Rs. 15.80
Total amount = Rs. 10.50 + 15.80
10.50
+ 15.80
26.30
The total amount given to Radhika by her parents is Rs. 26.30
Q.4) Nasreen bought 3 𝑚 20 𝑐𝑚 cloth for her shirt and 2 𝑚 5 𝑐𝑚 cloth for her trouser. Find
the total length of cloth bought by her.
Sol.4) Length of the cloth purchased for shirt = 3 𝑚 20 𝑐𝑚
20
= 3𝑚 + 𝑚 = 3𝑚 + 0.20𝑚 = 3.20 𝑚
100
Length of the cloth purchased for trouser = 2 𝑚 5 𝑐𝑚
5
= 2𝑚 + 𝑚 = 2𝑚 + 0.05𝑚 = 2.05𝑚
100
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Total length of the cloth purchased =


3.20
+ 2.05
5.25
Total length of the cloth bought by her = 5.25 𝑚
Q.5) Naresh walked 2 km 35 m in the morning and 1 km 7 m in the evening. How much
distance did he walk in all?
Sol.5) Distance walked in the morning = 2 𝑘𝑚 35 𝑚
35
2𝑘𝑚 35𝑚 = 2𝑘𝑚 + 𝑘𝑚 = 2𝑘𝑚 + 0.035𝑘𝑚 = 2.035 𝑘𝑚
1000
Distance covered in the evening = 1 𝑘𝑚 7𝑚
7
1 𝑘𝑚 7𝑚 = 1𝑘𝑚 + 𝑘𝑚 = 1𝑘𝑚 + 0.007𝑚 = 1.007 𝑘𝑚
1000
Distance he walked all =
2.035
+ 1.007
3.042

m
Distance Naresh walked in all = 3.042 𝑘𝑚
Q.6) Sunita travelled 15 𝑘𝑚 268 𝑚 by bus, 7 𝑘𝑚 7 𝑚 by car and 500 m on foot in order to

co
reach her school. How far is her school from her residence?
Sol.6) Distance travelled by bus = 15 𝑘𝑚 268 𝑚
15𝑘𝑚 268𝑚 = 15𝑘𝑚 +
268
𝑘𝑚 = 15.268 𝑘𝑚y.
da
1000
Distance travelled by car = 7𝑘𝑚 7𝑚
7
to

7𝑘𝑚 + 𝑘𝑚 = 7.007 𝑘𝑚
1000
es

Distance travelled on foot = 500 𝑚 = 0.5 𝑘𝑚


Total distance travelled =
di

15.268
7.007
tu

+ 0.500
.s

22.775
Total distance travelled is 22.775 𝑘𝑚
w

Q.7) Ravi purchased 5 𝑘𝑔 400 𝑔 rice, 2 𝑘𝑔 20 𝑔 sugar and 10 𝑘𝑔 850𝑔 flour. Find the total
w

weight of his purchases.


Sol.7) 𝟏
w

Amount of rice = 5 kg 400 g = 5.400 kg (𝟏 𝒈 = 𝒌𝒈 = 𝟎. 𝟎𝟎𝟏 𝒌𝒈)


𝟏𝟎𝟎𝟎
Amount of sugar = 2 kg 20 g = 2.020 kg
Amount of flour = 10 kg 850 g = 10.850 kg
Total purchase =
5.400
2.020
+ 10.850
18.270
Total amount of purchase = 18.270 𝑘𝑔
EXERCISE 8.6
Q.1) Subtract :
(a) 𝑅𝑠. 18.25 from 𝑅𝑠. 20.75
(b) 202.54 𝑚 from 250 𝑚
(c) 𝑅𝑠. 5.36 from 𝑅𝑠. 8.40
(d) 2.051 𝑘𝑚 from 5.206 𝑘𝑚

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(e) 0.314 𝑘𝑔 from 2.107 𝑘𝑔


Sol.1) (a) 𝑅𝑠. 18.25 from 𝑅𝑠. 20.75
18.25
− 20.75
2.50
(b) 202.54 𝑚 from 250 𝑚
250.00 𝑚
− 202.54 𝑚
47.46 𝑚
(c) 𝑅𝑠. 5.36 from 𝑅𝑠. 8.40
8.40
− 5.36
3.04

(d) 2.051 𝑘𝑚 from 5.206 𝑘𝑚


5.206 𝑘𝑚
− 2.051 𝑘𝑚

m
3.155 𝑘𝑚

co
(e) 0.314 𝑘𝑔 from 2.107 𝑘𝑔
2.107 𝑘𝑔
− 0.314 𝑘𝑔
y.
da
1.793 𝑘𝑔
Q.2) Find the value of:
to

(a) 9.756 – 6.28


(b) 21.05 – 15.27
es

(c) 18.5 – 6.79


(d) 11.6 – 9.847
di

Sol.2) (a) 9.756 – 6.28


9.756
tu

− 6.280
.s

3.476
w

(b) 21.05 – 15.27


w

21.05
− 15.27
w

5.78

(c) 18.5 – 6.79


18.50
− 6.79
11.71

(d) 11.6 – 9.847


11.600
− 9.847
1.753
Q.3) Raju bought a book for Rs.35.65. He gave Rs.50 to the shopkeeper. How much money did
he get back from the shopkeeper?
Sol.3) Cost of the book Raju purchased = Rs. 35.65
Money paid by Raju to the shopkeeper = Rs. 50

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Remaining = Rs. 50 – Rs. 35.65


50.00
− 35.65
14.35
Hence, Raju gets back 𝑅𝑠. 14.35
Q.4) Rani had Rs.18.50. She bought one ice-cream for Rs.11.75. How much money does she
have now?
Sol.4) Money with Rani = Rs. 18.50
Amount she spent on an ice-cream = Rs. 11.75
Remaining = 18.50 – 11.75
18.50
− 11.75
6.75
Now, Rani has 𝑅𝑠. 6.75 left with her.
Q.5) Tina had 20 𝑚 5 𝑐𝑚 long cloth. She cuts 4 𝑚 50 𝑐𝑚 length of cloth from this for making
a curtain. How much cloth is left with her?
Sol.5) Length of the cloth Tina had = 20 𝑚 5 𝑐𝑚 = 20.05 𝑚

m
Length of the cloth she cuts = 4 𝑚 50 𝑐𝑚 = 4.50 𝑚
Length of the cloth left with her = 20.05 𝑚 – 4.50 𝑚

co
20.05
− 4.50
15.55
y.
da
So, 15.55 𝑚 cloth was left with her.
Q.6) Namita travels 20 km 50 m every day. Out of this she travels 10 km 200 m by bus and the
to

rest by auto. How much distance does she travel by auto?


Sol.6) Total distance Namita travelled every day is 20 𝑘𝑚 50 𝑚 = 20.050 𝑘𝑚
es

Distance travelled in bus is 10 𝑘𝑚 200 𝑚 = 10.200 𝑘𝑚


Distance travelled in auto =
di

20.050
−10.200
tu

9.850
.s

She travelled 9.850 𝑘𝑚 by auto.


Q.7) Aakash bought vegetables weighing 10 kg. Out of this, 3 kg 500 g is onions, 2 kg 75 g is
w

tomatoes and the rest is potatoes. What is the weight of the potatoes?
w

Sol.7) Total weight of the vegetables purchased = 10 𝑘𝑔


w

Weight of onions = 3 𝑘𝑔 500 𝑔 = 3.500 𝑘𝑔


Weight of tomatoes = 2 𝑘𝑔 75 𝑔 = 2.075 𝑘𝑔
Weight of onions and tomatoes = 3.500 + 2.075
2.075
−3.500
5.575
Weight of potatoes = Weight of the vegetables – weight of onions and tomatoes
= 10 – 5.575
10.000
−5.575
4.425
∴ Weight of potatoes = 4.425 𝑘𝑔

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